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Code No: 26068

RR

Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS Aeronautical Engineering

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

 (a) 1. Deﬁne adiabatic bulk modulus of a gas. (b) Show that for an ideal gas in an isothermal process, the bulk modulus is equal to pressure. 1m 3 of a ﬂuid at a pressure of 1 bar is compressed isothermally to a volume of 0.885m 3 raising its pressure to 3600 bar. (c) Determine its bulk modulus of elasticity. [5+5+6]

2. Deﬁne the compressibility of air as a medium in aerodynamics. Establish the lowest Mach number at which it starts showing its presence. Show that the pressure coeﬃcient C p at Mach number is diﬀerent from that in an incompressible ﬂow. Can you show it by another method? Make use of sketches and plots. 

3. A Pitot tube was inserted into an airﬂow where the static pressure is 1atm. Cal- culate the ﬂow Mach number when the Pitot tube measures

 (a) 1.276 atm (b) 2.714 atm (c) 12.06 atm. (d) Derive the Rayleigh’s Pitot tube formula used [3+3+3+7]

4. The equation of 2-D motion of ﬂuid in small perturbation potential is given by

, where φ is the perturbation potential and

M is the free stream Mach number of the ﬂow. Develop the expression for the

in incompressible ﬂow ] in terms of the ﬂow

(1 M

) 2 φ

∂x 2

2

2 φ ∂y 2

M (γ + 1) φ

2

2 φ

+

=

∂x ∂x 2

pressure coeﬃcient C p [C p =

pp

2 1 ρ V

2

over an elongated body.



5. A supersonic ﬂow with M 1 = 2.0, p 1 = 1 atm, and T 1 = 520 K is expanded around

a sharp corner through a deﬂection angle of 23.38 0 . Calculate M 2 , p 2 , T 2 , p 0,2 , T 0,2 and the angles that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the



6. A nozzle in a supersonic wind tunnel produces a test section Mach number of 2.0. Air enters the C-D nozzle from a reservoir at 0.69 bar and 310 K. The cross-sectional area of the throat is 1000 cm 2 . Determine the following quantities;

up stream ﬂow.

 (a) Pressure, temperature and velocity at the throat and test section, (b) Area of cross-section of the test section, (c) Mass ﬂow rate and

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Code No: 26068

RR

(d) Power required to drive the compressor.

Set No. 2



7. Consider a thin wedge placed in a supersonic ﬂow.

 (a) Explain diﬀerence between a shock wave and a Mach wave. (b) Hence show that the down stream Mach number M 2 is given in terms of M n,2

as given below: M 2 =

shock angle measured from the axis of the wedge.

M n,2

sin(βθ)

, where θ = the semi wedge angle and β = the

(c) Conﬁrm from your work out that the tangential component of the ﬂow velocity

is constant across an oblique shock.

[5+6+5]

8. Derive the following relation for one dimensional isentropic ﬂow as given blow;

A = M

A

1

2

γ+1 + γ1

γ+1

M 2 (γ+1)/2(γ1) . Explain its signiﬁcance in gas dynamics. 

2

Code No: 26068

RR

Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS Aeronautical Engineering

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Derive the following relation for one dimensional isentropic ﬂow as given blow;

A

A =

M

1

2

γ+1 + γ1

γ+1

M 2 (γ+1)/2(γ1) . Explain its signiﬁcance in gas dynamics. 

2. A supersonic ﬂow with M 1 = 2.0, p 1 = 1 atm, and T 1 = 520 K is expanded around a sharp corner through a deﬂection angle of 23.38 0 . Calculate M 2 , p 2 , T 2 , p 0,2 , T 0,2 and the angles that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the

up stream ﬂow.



 (a) 3. Deﬁne adiabatic bulk modulus of a gas. (b) Show that for an ideal gas in an isothermal process, the bulk modulus is equal to pressure. 1m 3 of a ﬂuid at a pressure of 1 bar is compressed isothermally to a volume of 0.885m 3 raising its pressure to 3600 bar. (c) Determine its bulk modulus of elasticity. [5+5+6]

4. The equation of 2-D motion of ﬂuid in small perturbation potential is given by

, where φ is the perturbation potential and

M is the free stream Mach number of the ﬂow. Develop the expression for the

in incompressible ﬂow ] in terms of the ﬂow



5. A Pitot tube was inserted into an airﬂow where the static pressure is 1atm. Cal- culate the ﬂow Mach number when the Pitot tube measures

(1 M

) 2 φ

∂x 2

2

2 φ ∂y 2

M (γ + 1) φ

2

2 φ

+

=

∂x ∂x 2

pressure coeﬃcient C p [C p =

over an elongated body.

pp

2 1 ρ V

2

 (a) 1.276 atm (b) 2.714 atm (c) 12.06 atm. (d) Derive the Rayleigh’s Pitot tube formula used [3+3+3+7]

6. Deﬁne the compressibility of air as a medium in aerodynamics. Establish the lowest Mach number at which it starts showing its presence. Show that the pressure coeﬃcient C p at Mach number is diﬀerent from that in an incompressible ﬂow. Can you show it by another method? Make use of sketches and plots. 

7. A nozzle in a supersonic wind tunnel produces a test section Mach number of 2.0. Air enters the C-D nozzle from a reservoir at 0.69 bar and 310 K. The cross-sectional area of the throat is 1000 cm 2 . Determine the following quantities;

(a) Pressure, temperature and velocity at the throat and test section,

3

Code No: 26068

RR

Set No. 4

 (b) Area of cross-section of the test section, (c) Mass ﬂow rate and (d) Power required to drive the compressor. 

8. Consider a thin wedge placed in a supersonic ﬂow.

(a)

(b)

(c)

Explain diﬀerence between a shock wave and a Mach wave.

Hence show that the down stream Mach number M 2 is given in terms of M n,2

, where θ = the semi wedge angle and β = the

as given below: M 2 =

shock angle measured from the axis of the wedge.

Conﬁrm from your work out that the tangential component of the ﬂow velocity

is constant across an oblique shock.

M n,2

sin(βθ)

[5+6+5]

4

Code No: 26068

RR

Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS Aeronautical Engineering

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. A nozzle in a supersonic wind tunnel produces a test section Mach number of 2.0. Air enters the C-D nozzle from a reservoir at 0.69 bar and 310 K. The cross-sectional area of the throat is 1000 cm 2 . Determine the following quantities;

 (a) Pressure, temperature and velocity at the throat and test section, (b) Area of cross-section of the test section, (c) Mass ﬂow rate and (d) Power required to drive the compressor. 

2. (a) Deﬁne adiabatic bulk modulus of a gas.

(b) Show that for an ideal gas in an isothermal process, the bulk modulus is equal to pressure. 1m 3 of a ﬂuid at a pressure of 1 bar is compressed isothermally to a volume of 0.885m 3 raising its pressure to 3600 bar.

(c) Determine its bulk modulus of elasticity. [5+5+6]

3. Derive the following relation for one dimensional isentropic ﬂow as given blow;

A

A =

M

1

2

γ+1 + γ1

γ+1

M 2 (γ+1)/2(γ1) . Explain its signiﬁcance in gas dynamics. 

4. Deﬁne the compressibility of air as a medium in aerodynamics. Establish the lowest Mach number at which it starts showing its presence. Show that the pressure coeﬃcient C p at Mach number is diﬀerent from that in an incompressible ﬂow. Can you show it by another method? Make use of sketches and plots. 

5. Consider a thin wedge placed in a supersonic ﬂow.

(a)

(b)

(c)

Explain diﬀerence between a shock wave and a Mach wave.

Hence show that the down stream Mach number M 2 is given in terms of M n,2

as given below: M 2 =

shock angle measured from the axis of the wedge.

Conﬁrm from your work out that the tangential component of the ﬂow velocity

, where θ = the semi wedge angle and β = the

M n,2

sin(βθ)

is constant across an oblique shock.

[5+6+5]

6. The equation of 2-D motion of ﬂuid in small perturbation potential is given by

, where φ is the perturbation potential and

M is the free stream Mach number of the ﬂow. Develop the expression for the

pressure coeﬃcient C p [C p =

over an elongated body.



in incompressible ﬂow ] in terms of the ﬂow

(1 M

) 2 φ

∂x 2

2

2 φ ∂y 2

M (γ + 1) φ

2

2 φ

+

=

∂x ∂x 2

pp

2 1 ρ V

2

5

Code No: 26068

RR

Set No. 1

7. A supersonic ﬂow with M 1 = 2.0, p 1 = 1 atm, and T 1 = 520 K is expanded around a sharp corner through a deﬂection angle of 23.38 0 . Calculate M 2 , p 2 , T 2 , p 0,2 , T 0,2 and the angles that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the



8. A Pitot tube was inserted into an airﬂow where the static pressure is 1atm. Cal- culate the ﬂow Mach number when the Pitot tube measures

up stream ﬂow.

 (a) 1.276 atm (b) 2.714 atm (c) 12.06 atm. (d) Derive the Rayleigh’s Pitot tube formula used [3+3+3+7]

6

Code No: 26068

RR

Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS Aeronautical Engineering

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

 (a) 1. Deﬁne adiabatic bulk modulus of a gas. (b) Show that for an ideal gas in an isothermal process, the bulk modulus is equal to pressure. 1m 3 of a ﬂuid at a pressure of 1 bar is compressed isothermally to a volume of 0.885m 3 raising its pressure to 3600 bar. (c) Determine its bulk modulus of elasticity. [5+5+6]

2. Derive the following relation for one dimensional isentropic ﬂow as given blow;

A

A =

M

1

2

γ+1 + γ1

γ+1

M 2 (γ+1)/2(γ1) . Explain its signiﬁcance in gas dynamics. 

3. A Pitot tube was inserted into an airﬂow where the static pressure is 1atm. Cal- culate the ﬂow Mach number when the Pitot tube measures

 (a) 1.276 atm (b) 2.714 atm (c) 12.06 atm. (d) Derive the Rayleigh’s Pitot tube formula used [3+3+3+7]

4. The equation of 2-D motion of ﬂuid in small perturbation potential is given by

, where φ is the perturbation potential and

M is the free stream Mach number of the ﬂow. Develop the expression for the

in incompressible ﬂow ] in terms of the ﬂow



5. A nozzle in a supersonic wind tunnel produces a test section Mach number of 2.0. Air enters the C-D nozzle from a reservoir at 0.69 bar and 310 K. The cross-sectional area of the throat is 1000 cm 2 . Determine the following quantities;

(1 M

) 2 φ

∂x 2

2

2 φ ∂y 2

M (γ + 1) φ

2

2 φ

+

=

∂x ∂x 2

pressure coeﬃcient C p [C p =

over an elongated body.

pp

1 2 ρ V

2

 (a) Pressure, temperature and velocity at the throat and test section, (b) Area of cross-section of the test section, (c) Mass ﬂow rate and (d) Power required to drive the compressor. 

6. Deﬁne the compressibility of air as a medium in aerodynamics. Establish the lowest Mach number at which it starts showing its presence. Show that the pressure coeﬃcient C p at Mach number is diﬀerent from that in an incompressible ﬂow. Can you show it by another method? Make use of sketches and plots. 

7

Code No: 26068

RR

Set No. 3

7. A supersonic ﬂow with M 1 = 2.0, p 1 = 1 atm, and T 1 = 520 K is expanded around a sharp corner through a deﬂection angle of 23.38 0 . Calculate M 2 , p 2 , T 2 , p 0,2 , T 0,2 and the angles that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the

up stream ﬂow.



8. Consider a thin wedge placed in a supersonic ﬂow.

(a)

(b)

(c)

Explain diﬀerence between a shock wave and a Mach wave.

Hence show that the down stream Mach number M 2 is given in terms of M n,2

as given below: M 2 =

shock angle measured from the axis of the wedge.

Conﬁrm from your work out that the tangential component of the ﬂow velocity

is constant across an oblique shock.

, where θ = the semi wedge angle and β = the

M n,2

sin(βθ)

[5+6+5]

8