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The LTE paging procedure can be used for the following:

To initiate mobile terminated PS call


To initiate mobile terminated CS fallback call
To trigger LTE UE to re-acquire system informations
To provide an Earthquake and Tsunami Warning System(ETWS) indication

As shown in the figure, MME is responsible for the initiation of LTE paging procedure. MME does this
by forwarding S1AP paging message to one or more eNodeB. The contents and structure of S1AP
paging message is mentioned below in the table-1.
The LTE paging procedure is applicable to UE in ECM IDLE State. UE in this state are in RRC
IDLE mode and do not have S1 connectivity with MME.
The location of a UE in ECM IDLE state is known by MME on a per tracking area basis. The MME
has to forward S1AP paging message to all eNodeB within the relevant tracking area.
MME forward paging message to multiple eNodeBs as UE can be registered with more than a single
tracking area.
As mentioned in the figure, MME starts timer T3413 after sending S1AP paging message for PS
data call and LTE UE is addressed by S-TMSI instead of IMSI.
eNodeB receives S1AP paging message from MME and constructs RRC paging message. Single
RRC can carry information from multiple S1AP. Paging message can include multiple paging records
to page multiple UE. Table-2 below mentions contents and structure of RRC paging message.
UE in RRC IDLE mode checks for paging once every DRX cycle. paging occasion within the
paging frame defines specific subframe during which a LTE UE checks for paging message.
UE searches forP-RNTI within PDCCH of subframe belong to paging occasion. P-RNTI has value

of FFFE and indicates that UE may have a paging message on PDSCH.


UE finds P-RNTU in PDCCH, it will decode resource allocation information.
This information directs UE to PDSCH RB where in paging message has been sent.
UE decodes RRC message from PDSCH RBs and checks UE identity in all the records. If UE do
not find its identity in paging record then it will return to check PDCCH for P-RNTI at each of the
paging occasions.
If the UE find its identity, it will trigger random access procedure to establish RRC connection.
UE sends RRC connection request message and eNodeB responds with RRC connection setup
message.
If the LTE paging procedure is for PS data call, UE includes service request NAS message within
RRC connection setup complete message.
If the paging procedure is for CS fallback call, UE includes extended service request NAS
message within RRC connection setup complete message.
The eNodeB forwards NAS message to MME which will stop T3413 if it is running and will
proceed to establish connection with UE.
A paging retransmission will be triggered if T3413 gets expire prior to MME receiving a NAS
message from UE.
UE checks for RRC paging message for SI modification flag and ETWS flag. If the former is
present UE reacquires BCCH SI. If the later is present, UE reads ETWS notifications in SIB10 and/or
SIB11.