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Sperry Drilling

New LWD Technology

Mike Dautel
Petrophysics Manager
Asia Pacific

Complete LWD Formation Evaluation


Azimuthal Directional Multi-Depth
Gamma
Sensors Resistivity
Ray
Imaging

Azimuthal
Density

Neutron
Porosity

Multipole
Sonic

Formation
Pressure

Magnetic
Resonance

Pulser or
EM

Formation Pressure
Fluid ID and
Samples

Formation Evaluation
Geosteering
High Resolution Imaging

Compressional and Shear


Slowness
Crossed Dipole Anisotropy
Near Bit Gamma and
Azimuthal Gamma
Images

Formation Evaluation
Density Imaging

T1 and T2 logging
Bound and Free
fluids

New LWD Technologies

GeoTap IDS
Fluid Identification and Sampling

XBAT
Crossed Dipole Azimuthal Sonic

GeoSharp
All Mud Imager

GeoTap IDS Fluid ID and Sampling

GeoTap IDS Benefits


Replace WL runs
Obtain samples sooner
Reduced pumpout times
Less invasion

Obtain high quality samples


Real-time Fluid ID

Obtain samples or FID in high angle / horizontal wells


WL conveyance difficult or impossible
Eliminate pilot holes

Large time and cost savings in high spread rate


operations

Rig Time Savings - Pumpout Time


1000

Pumpout Time (minutes)

Leaky mudcake
Good mudcake
100

Base Case 1
Base Case 2

10

1
1

10
Invasion Time (hours)

100

GeoTap IDS

6 tool for 8 - 10 hole


11.2m - no sample collar
14.8m - 1 sample collar

Single Oval Pad Probe


150C, 30kpsi
Fluid ID Sensors
Pressure, Temperature, Resistivity, Density
Optical coming

Multiple bubble points while pumping out

GeoTap IDS
100cc draw down chamber
Use existing wireline RDT bottles
1 liter PVT quality, N2 charged option
5 bottles / collar, 3 collars

IATA and DOT approved

Integrated collar; sample bottles field removable


Pumps on for fluid pump out and sampling
4000 and 8000 psi pumps
60 and 30 cc/sec

GeoTap IDS Hardware

Terminator Collar

Sample Collar (Optional)

Power Collar

Probe Collar

Oval Pad Extended

10

GeoSpan Down Link


2 way communications with tool
Change test parameters downhole

Same unit used with GeoPilot Rotary Steerable drilling system

Real-time tool control

12

Fluid Density Sensor

13

Sample Chamber QC
Non invasive QC at rig site
Same as RDT
Ensure sample integrity
Pressure
Volume
Estimate contamination
Fluid ID
Density
Compressibility
Compare with downhole Fluid ID

Sample Chamber QC

Sample Chamber QC

GeoTap IDS Deepwater Example

BG Norway
Exploration well

Drilled with LWD and GeoTap FTWD


OBM

Hole conditions limited WL runs


GeoTap IDS run on a wiper trip
Long invasion time

Real-time Pretests
X,

X,

X,

X,

X,

X,

X,

X,

TEST SUMMARY
PRESSURES:
Pstop1
X,762.5 (psig)
Pstop
X,762.0 (psig)
Pexact
X,762.0 (psig)
Phyd1
X,803.1 (psig)
Phyd2
X,810.2 (psig)
Pdd_start
X,250.9 (psig)
Pdd_end
X,724.9 (psig)
TEST PARAMETERS:
Tool Mode
Normal
Toolface
37.3 (deg)
DD Volume
15.0 (cc)
DD Rate
1.0 (ccps)
QUALITY FACTORS:
Beta
23.60 (psig)
Alpha
1.00 (sec)
Sigma
0.70 (psig)
RESULTS:
Good Buildup Stability
Mobility: 89 (md/cp)
Quartz Pressure
Exact Curve

Real-time Pump Out and Fluid Samples

XX,000

X.X0

XX,800

XX,600

XX,200

XX,000

Pressure (psi)
XX,800

Pump Rate (cc/sec)


XX,600

XX,400

XX,200

X.X0
-0.10

Pump Rate (cc/sec)

XX,400

Density (gm/cc)

Quartz Pressure (psia)

Density (gm/cc)

Real-Time Contamination Estimate


33 minutes for 50% Contamination

100

0.X57

Density Data
Contamination

80
70

Density (gm/cc)

Contamination %

90

Sample 2

60

Sample 1
50
40

0.X50

10

15

20
25
Time (minutes)

30

35

40

Real-Time Contamination Estimate


3 hours additional pumping needed for 5%

100

0.X57

90

Density Data
Contamination

70
Density (gm/cc)

Contamination %

80

60
50
40
30
20
10

5% Contamination
0.X50

0
0

50

100
Time (minutes)

150

200

XBAT Azimuthal Sonic

QBAT Overview
Provides wireline-quality compressional
and shear measurements in fast and
slow formations
Hole sizes from 6 to 36
Used for porosity determination, seismic
correlation, and wellbore stability
applications
Provides cased hole logs and identify
fractures
Monopole, dipole and quadrupole
modes
2 firings
Programmable source frequencies

24

XBAT Azimuthal Sonic

Azimuthally sensitive creates azimuthal images for geosteering


and acoustic anisotropy
Fast and Slow Shear Slowness and anisotropy azimuth
4 azimuthal transmitters, 4 azimuthal arrays of receivers (6 in each
array)
4 azimuthal acoustic calipers
Up to 8 firing modes
Broad Band Source
6 and 8 tools available; 4 and 9 in testing

Cross Dipole Firing

26

LWD Cross Dipole

27

Azimuthal LWD Sonic Image

28

Fast and Slow Shear

29

4-axis Ultrasonic Calliper

Accounting for tool position

2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS


RESERVED.

Azimuthal Sonic Geosteering


85 usec/ft

60 usec/ft

32

GeoSharp All Mud Imager

GeoSharp All Mud Imager


Integrated OBM and
WBM Imager
Resistivity
Geology and bedding

Ultrasonic
Fractures, vugs, borehole
geometry
Dynamic focussing
Motion compensation

6 tool for 8 hole

Acoustic and Resistivity Imaging


Dual ultrasonic transducers (350 kHz)
Acoustic image resolution ~0.15 inches

Resistivity image resolution ~1.0 inches


Requires 10:1 ratio between mud resistivity & formation
resistivity
Acoustic and resistivity images complement each other

Dynamic Transducer Focusing

36

Dynamic Transducer Focusing

LWD vs. WL Ultrasonic Images

High Resolution Ultrasonic Image

39

GeoSharp Ultrasonic Image


Open Fracture

ft 873
1 inch

ft 874

AFR

GeoSharp AMI
CAST-F
Stabilizer impression in borehole wall

ft 864
1 inch

ft 865

AFR

GeoSharp AMI

CAST-F

LWD Ultrasonic and Resistivity

OBM Resistivity Image

42

Thank You