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Material 2024 T3

Aluminum alloy 2024 main alloying element is 4.4 % copper, 0.6 %


manganese, and 1.5 % magnesium. It is used in manufacturing the aircraft
part that requires high strength to weight ratio due to its performance in
fatigue resistance. The part has good machinability and surface finish
capabilities but it is not weldable. According to the reference [ccc]The term of
T means Thermally Treated to Produce Stable Tempers other than F. It is
applies to products that are thermally treated, with or without supplementary
strain hardening, to produce stable tempers. The T is always followed by one
or more digits. Details of the material properties are:
1. Physical Properties
a) Density 0.1 lb/in3
2. Mechanical Properties
a) Hardness, Brinell 120 based on 500 kg/10 mm
b) Hardness, Knoop 150 converted from Brinell Hardness
Value
c)

Tension Ultimate Strength 70 ksi


Yield Strength 50 ksi
Percentage of elongation is 18 where the elongation measured over a 2
in. gauge length on 1/16-in.thick sheet-type specimens
Shear Ultimate Strength is 41 ksi
Fatigue Endurance Limit is 20 ksi based on 500,000 cycles of
completely reversed stress using R.R.Moore type of machines and
specimens.

Physical Properties
Density

2.78 g/cc or 0.1 lb/in

Mechanical Properties
Hardness, Brinell
120
Typical; 500 g load; 10 mm ball
Hardness, Knoop
150
Converted from Brinell Hardness
Value
Hardness, Rockwell A 46.8 Converted from Brinell Hardness Value
Hardness, Rockwell B 75
Converted from Brinell Hardness Value
Hardness, Vickers
137 137
Converted from Brinell Hardness
Value
Ultimate Tensile Strength
483 MPa or 70000 psi
Tensile Yield Strength 345 MPa or 50000 psi
Percentage of elongation at break is at 18% where the elongation
measured over a 2 in. gauge length on 1/16-in.thick sheet-type
specimens

Modulus of Elasticity 73.1 GPa or 10600 ksi


.
Notched Tensile Strength
379 MPa or 55000 psi with 2.5 cm width x
0.16 cm thick side-notched specimen, Kt = 17.
Ultimate Bearing Strength
855 MPa or 124000 psi
Bearing Yield Strength 524 MPa or 76000 psi
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
Fatigue Strength
138 MPa or 20000 psi
Fatigue Endurance Limit
is 20 ksi based on 500,000 cycles of completely reversed stress using
R.R.Moore type of machines and specimens.
Machinability
70 % based on 0-100 Scale of Aluminum Alloys
Shear Modulus 28 GPa or 4060 ksi
Shear Strength 283 MPa or 41000 psi
l
Electrical Properties
Electrical Resistivity

5.82e-006 ohm-cm typically at 68F

Thermal Properties
CTE, linear 68F 23.2 m/m-C or 12.9 in/in-F and average over 68212F range.
CTE, linear 250C
24.7 m/m-C or 13.7 in/in-F and verage over
the range 20-300C
Specific Heat Capacity 0.875 J/g-C or 0.209 BTU/lb-F
Thermal Conductivity 121 W/m-K
840 BTU-in/hr-ft-F
and typically at 77F
Melting Point
502 - 638 C 935 - 1180 F
AA; Typical range based
on typical composition for wrought products 1/4 inch thickness or greater.
Eutectic melting is not eliminated by homogenization.
Solidus 502 C
935 F
AA; Typical
Liquidus 638 C
1180 F AA; Typical
Processing Properties

Annealing Temperature
413 C
775 F
Solution Temperature 256 C
493 F
-Reference pg 101, handbook of materials selection, Myer Kutz, Jon
Wiley & Sons, 2001