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MSS SP-97 -2012

Integrally Reinforced Forged


Branch Outlet Fittings Socket Welding, Threaded,
and Buttwelding Ends

08 OCT 2012

I
(

SISTEMA DE GESnOH
SGC I SGA I SST

Nombnr y Fi",,~

"S

COPIA CONTROi..ADA

Standard Practice
Developed and Approved by the
Manufacturers Standardization Society of the
Valve and FIttings Industry, Inc.
127 Park Street, NE
Vienna, Virginia 22180-4602
Phone: (703) 281-6613
Fax: (703)281-6671
E-mail: standards@mss-hq.org

www.mss-hq.org

Sc*I to;l*OAIAATlON HAHDLIG SfAvas, Ol aatl'


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M SS

ST ANDARD P R ACTICE

SP-9 7 I

This MSS Standard Practice was developed under the consensus of MSS Technical Committees 105 and the
MSS Coordinating Committee. The content of this Standard Practice is the resulting efforts of competent and
experienced volunteers to provide an effective, clear, and non-exclusive standard that will benefit the industry
as a whole. This MSS Standard Practice describes minimal requirements and is intended as a basis for common
practice by the manufacturer, the user, and the general public. The existence of an MSS Standard Practice does
not in itself preclude the manufacture, sale, or use of products not conforming to the Standard Practice.
Mandatory conformance to this Standard Practice is established only by reference in other documents such as a
code, specification, sales contract, or public law, as applicable. MSS has no power, nor does it undertake, to
enforce or certify compliance with this document. Any certification or other statement of compliance with the
requirements of this Standard Practice shaH not be attributable to MSS and is solely the responsibility of the
certifier or maker of the statement.

"Unless otherwise specifically noted in this MSS Standard Practice, other standards documents
referred to herein are identified by the date of issue that was applicable to this Standard Practice
at the date of issue of this Standard Practice (see Annex C). This Standard Practice shall remain
silent on the applicability of those other standards of prior or sllbsequent dates of issue even
though applicable provisions may not have changed. ..
By publication of this Standard Practice, no position is taken with respect to the validity of any potential
claim(s) or of any patent rights in connection therewith. MSS shaH not be held responsible for identifying any
patent rights. Users are expressly advised that determination of patent rights and the risk of infringement of
such rights are entirely their responsibility.
In this Standard Practice, all text, notes, annexes, tables, figures, and references are construed to be essential to
the understanding of the message of the standard, and are considered normative unless indicated as
"supplemental". AH appendices, if included, that appear in this document are construed as "supplemental".
Note that supplemental information does not include mandatory requirements.
The SI (metric) units and U.S. customary units in this Standard Practice are regarded separately as the standard;
each should be used independently of the other. Combining or converting values between the two systems may
result in nonconformance with this Standard Practice.
This Standard Practice has been substantiaHy revised from tbe previous edition. It is
suggested tbat if tbe user is interested in knowing what changes have been made, that
direct page by page comparison should be made of tbis document.
Non-toleranced dimensions in the Standard Practice are nominal, and, unless otherwise specified, shaH be
considered "for reference only".

Excerpts of this Standard Practice may be qlloted with permission. Credit lines sholiid read 'Extracted
from MSS SP-97-20J 2 with permission of the publisher, Manufacturers Standardization Society of the
Valve and Fittings Industry'. Reproduction and/or electronic transmission or dissemination is prohibited
IInder copyright convention unless written permission is granted by the Manufacturers Standardization
Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry Inc. All rights reserved.
OriginaHy Published: June 1987
Current Edition Approved: September 20 II
Current Edition Published: May 2012
MSS is a registered trademark of the Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.
Copyright @, 2012 by
Manufacturers Standardization Society
of the
Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.
Printed in U.S.A.

SoIc:Ito:1HFOAMATION HANDUNQ Sf:AVlCES. Ot82tllilti


2Ot2N2tl t8; t5:11 QMI'

ST ANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

SP-97

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

SECTION
2
3
4
5
6
7

SCOPE ..................................................................................................................................................... 1
SERVICE DESIGNATION ..................................................................................................................... 1
SIZE ......................................................................................................................................................... 2
MARKING .............................................................................................................................................. 2
MATERIAL ............................................................................................................................................. 2
DESIGN AND DIMENSION .................................................................................................................. 3
TESTS ..................................................................................................................................................... 3

TABLE

2
3
4
5
6
7
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7

Correlation of Fittings Class with Schedule Number or Wall


Designation of Run Pipe for Calculation of Ratings ............................................................................... 1
90 Branch Outlets - Buttwelding. U.S. Customary Units .................................................................... ..4
90 Branch Outlets - Threaded. U.S. Customary Units .......................................................................... 5
90 Branch Outlets - Socket Welding. U.S. Customary Units ................................................................ 6
45 Branch Outlets - Buttwelding. U.S. Customary Units ...................................................................... 7
45 Branch Outlets - Threaded, U.S. Customary Units .......................................................................... 8
45 Branch Outlets - Socket Welding. U.S. Customary Units ................................................................ 9
90 Branch Outlets - Buttwelding. SI (Metric) Units ........................................................................... 10
90 Branch Outlets- Threaded, SI (Metric) Units ............................................, ................................... 11
90 Branch Outlets - Socket Welding. SI (Metric) Units ...................................................................... 12
45 Branch Outlets - Buttwelding. SI (Metric) Units ........................................................................... \3
45 Branch Outlets - Threaded, SI (Metric) Units ................................................................................ 14
45 Branch Outlets- Socket Welding. SI (Metric) Units ...................................................................... 15

FIGURE
Fitting Consolidation Gap Allowance ..................................................................................................... 2

ANNEX

A SI (Metric) Tables A2 through A7 ......................................................................................................... 10


B Design Proof Test .................................................................................................................................. 16
C Referenced Standards and Applicable Dates ......................................................................................... 17

ii
. . ~NFOMIATION~ RfMCU.Ol1i211111
2\)1ZN2811:1S:S1GMT

STANDA RD PRACTI CE

M SS

SP- 97

INTEGRALLY REINFORCED FORGED BRANCH OUTLET FITTINGS SOCKET WELDING, THREADED, AND BUTTWELDING ENDS

\. SCOPE
2. SERVICE DESIGNATION

J.1

This Standard Practice covers essential


dimensions, finish, tolerances, testing,
marking, material, and minimum strength
requirements for 90 and 45 degree integrally
reinforced forged branch outlet fittings of
buttwelding, socket welding, and threaded
types.

2.1 These fittings are designated by their


size, type, and class, as shown in Table I.
2.2 Design temperature and other service
conditions shall be limited as provided by the
applicable piping code or regulation for the
material of construction of the fitting. Within
these limits, the maximum allowable pressure
of a fitting shall be that computed for straight
seamless run pipe of equivalent material (as
shown by comparison of composition and
mechanical properties in the respective
material specifications). The wall thickness
used in such computation shall be that
tabulated in ASME 836.1 OM for the size and
applicable schedule of pipe reduced by
applicable manufacturing tolerances and other
allowances (e.g., threaded allowances).

1.2 Fittings manufactured to this Standard


Practice are designed to make a fully
reinforced branch connection in accordance
with applicable piping code requirements,
when attached, at an opening in a run pipe by
means of a full penetration weld.
1.3 Fittings may be made to special
dimensions, size, shape, tolerances, or of other
wrought material by agreement between the
manufacturer and the purchaser.

1.4 Standard Units Tables 2 through 7


show the fitting's dimensional requirements in
customary units or inches (decimal). Tables
A2 through A7 show the fitting' s dimensional
requirements in SI (metric) units (e.g.,
millimeters). The values stated in either
customary or SI (metric) units are to be
regarded separately as the Standard. Within
the body text, the SI (metric) units are shown
in parenthesis. Combining values from the two
systems may result in non-conformance with
the Standard Practice. The values stated in
each option are not exact equivalents;
therefore, each measurement system must be
used independently of the other.

2.3 Any corrosion allowance and any


variation in allowable stress due to
temperature or other design factors shall be
applied to the pipe and fitting alike. The pipe
wall thickness corresponding to each Class of
fitting, for rating purposes only, is shown in
Table I.

TABLE 1
Correlation of Fittings Class with Schedule Number or

Wall

of Run

for Calculation of Ratings

NPS 1/8-24
Extra Strong
NPS 112-6
Schedule 160
3000
NPS 1/8-4
Extra Strong
NPS 112-2
160
Note: (a) The use of run or branch pipe wall thickness either thinner or thicker than shown in Table 1
constitutes a deviation from this Standard Pmctice and is provided for in Section 1.3.

Extra Strong
Schedule 160

Buttwelding
Buttwelding
Threaded & Socket Welding

',' -,

.-..... ' ..,'-'. ,. ...


SOld IIIdIHfON,IAnoH HANCIUN3 SlRVlCIS, 1)1""
aol ~ 18:1S:M 0tI1'

ST ANDAR D P R AC TICE

M SS

c) C/flSS The Fitting Class "STD"


(Standard), "XS" (Extra Strong), "SCH 160"
(Schedule
160), "3000" or "6000".
Alternatively, the designation 3M or 6M, as
applicable, may be used where "M" stands
for 1,000.

3. SIZE
3.1 The 90 and 45 degree branch outlet sizes
considered in this Standard Practice are shown
in Table I. Size on size fittings shall be
limited to outlet sizes NPS 112 (ON 15) and
larger.

d) Size The nominal size of the pipe that


the fitting's marking identifiesRun (or consolidated range)
NPS (ON) x Outlet NPS (ON).

3.2 The run (header) pipe size is limited


only by the pipe size range listed for each type
fitting class.
3.3 The manufacturer has the option to
consolidate run sizes for a given branch size
for economic reasons, provided the designated
consolidation gap distance between the run
pipe radius and the fitting inlet radius does not
exceed 1116" (1.6 mm). See Figure I.
4.

e) SP 97 This marking indicates compliance


wah MSS SP97.
4.3 Where size and shape of fittings do not
permit all of the above markings, they may be
omitted in the reverse order given above.

MARKING

5. MATERIAL

4.1 Each fitting shall be permanently


marked with the required identification by
raised lettering, and/or by stamping. electroetching or vibro tool.

5.1 The material for fittings, under this Standard


Practice, shall consist of forging. bar, and
seamless .tubular products. 1be materials shall
conform to the requirements of the WP Grade
seamless construction materials in ASTM Fitting
Specifications A234/A234M, A403/A403M,
A420/A420M, or A815IA815M; or the ASTM
Specifications
AI051AI05M,
Forging
AI 821AI 82M, or A3501A350M.

4.2 The marking shall include (but it is not


limited to) the following:

a) Mflnu!flcturer's nflme or trfldemflrk.


b) Mflterifl/ Identijicfltion The material
shall be identified in accordance with the
marking requirements of the applicable
ASTM Specifications, including Heat
Identification.

C_o::==I=__i2"'F.~

5.2 All other forging, bar,' and seamless


tubular products listed in ASME B 16.34 Table
I; including the applicable "notes" of ASME
B 16.34 Table I, Table 2, or Appendix VII
tables, may be used.

1/18 Max.
(1.6 mm)

CONTOUR
RADIUS

RUN RADIUS
CONTOUR
RADIUS

_
....

RUN RADIUS

SKIRT GAP

CROTCH GAP

SP-97

FIGURE 1
Fitting Consolidation Gap Allowance
(Illustrative Only)
Applicable to 90 and 45 Branches
2

.. '- ,', .. -.....

'

.. '-"

~e.,-Hl.....,~wIh.ess

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2012iW2t t8:t&:18 OMT

---

ST ANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

SP-9 7

6.4 Socket Weld Socket Weld fittings shall


meet the minimum socket depth. minimum
socket wall thickness and socket diameter of
ASME B 16.11 for the appropriate class.

6. DESIGN AND DIMENSION

6.1 A run pipe having a branch connection is


weakened by the opening made in it The
branch connection must reinforce the opening
and restore the original strength of the run
pipe. It is the intent of this Standard Practice
that these integrally reinforced branch outlet
fittings and the deposited weld metal used to
attach the fittings to run pipes contain all the
reinforcement required by the applicable
pressure vessel or piping codes without the
addition of saddles or pads.

6.5 The contour weld bevel angle on the


longitudinal section of the fittings shall be a
minimum of 35 degrees. The weld bevel angle
on the transverse section of the fitting is based
on the manufacturer's specification.
7. TESTS

7.1 Hydrostatic testing of wrought fittings is


not required by this Standard Practice. All
fittings shall be capable of withstanding.
without
leakage
or
impairment
of
serviceability. a pressure equal to that
prescribed in the applicable code or
regulation for seamless pipe of equivalent
material and schedule listed in Table I.

6.1.1 The adequacy of the design of branch


connection fittings may be established by
mathematical analyses contained in pressure
vessel or piping codes. or. at the
manufacturer's option. by proof testing in
accordance with Section 7 and Annex B.
Records of design or proof tests shall be
available at the manufacturer's facility for
inspection by the purchaser.

7.2 Proof testing is not required, but when


performed to meet the requirements of Section
6.1.1. the testing shall be conducted in
accordance with Annex B.

6.1.2 The pressure vessel or piping codes


referred to in Section 6.1.1 permit a variety of
attachment welds for these fittings. Typical
branch attachments are shown in ASME
B31.1 and B31.3.
6.1.3 Fittings shall be contoured to provide
a good fit at the opening in the run pipe. The
run attachment weld bevel angle design will
vary with the size and type of fitting and with
the manufacturer. The size of the run opening
is dependent on the manufacturer's
specification.

08 OCT 2012
SISTEMA DE GESTION
SGC I SGA I SST
Nomtl,.. y Anna

6.2 Buttwelding Buttwelding end finishes


shall comply with the standard welding bevel
and root face of ASME BI6.25.

COPIA CONTROLADA

6.3 Threads Threads in threaded fittings


ASME
B 1.20.1
shall
comply with
requirements for NPT.
6.3.1 The minimum wall thickness at the
root of the thread at the hand tight plane shall
be equal to or greater than the nominal wall
of the pipe schedule for the appropriate
fitting class. as shown in Table I.

3
:opyrigMMSS
PfOicIId by IHS unci ... _ _ 'IIIIIh MSS

SOld to:lNFOAMATlON HANOUHG SERVICES, 01828810

.., I'Iproductlon ot nltWOrkIng pemllMd wtIhout IlcenN kom IHS

2012N2'le:I5;580MT

ST ANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

SP-97 I

TABLE 2
90 Branch Outlets - Buttweldlng, U.S. Customary Units

I
Dimensions are in inches.
Outlet
(NPS)

StaDdard
ReduclDg
1/8
0.62
1/4
0.62
3/8
0.75
0.75
112
0.88
3/4
1.06
1
1.25
14
1~
1.31
2
1.50
1.62
2~
3
1.75
1.88
3A
4
2.00
2.25
5
2.38
6
2.75
8
10
3.06
12
3.38
14
3.50
16
3.69
18
3.81
20
4.00
24
4.56
.03 In.
Tolerances. I:t, - J~.
1 - 4 .06 in.
5 -12 .12 in.
14 -24 .19 in.

Full

0.75
0.88
1.06
1.25
1.31
1.50
1.62
1.75
2.00
2.00
2.25
2.38
2.75
3.06
3.38
3.50
3.69
4.06
4.62
5.38

A
(Face of FlItID& to Crotch)
Extra StroDg
Full
ReduciDg
0.62
0.62
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.88
0.88
1.06
1.06
1.25
1.25
1.31
1.31
1.50
1.50
1.62
1.62
1.75
1.75
1.88
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.25
2.25
3.06
3.06
3.88
3.88
3.69
3.50
4.06
3.94
3.94
4.12
4.18
4.44
4.38
4.69
4.69
5.00
5.50
5.50

Schedule 160
Full
ReduciD&

"~

.. '.

1.12
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.18
2.44
2.88

3.31
3.69
4.12

3.31
3.69
4.12

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1.12
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.18
2.44
2.88

'

--

SP-97

ST ANDARD PRACTI CE

MSS

TABLE 3

90 Branch Outlets - Threaded, U.S. Customary Units

NPT THREADS PER B1.20.1

I
AN om.

'"'-

-/

Dimensions are in inches.


Outlet
(NPS)
118
114
3/8
112

3/4
1
1:1,
1 :-'2
2
2:-',
3
4
Tolerances:

A Nom.
(Face of FlttiDg to Crotch)
Threaded
Class 6000
Class 3000
0.75
0.75
0.81
1.25
1.00
1.44
1.06
1.56
1.31
1.62
1.31
1.69
1.38
2.06
1.50
1.81
2.00
2.25

I;, - ';.

.03 in.
1- 4 .06in.

5
Capyrtght MS8
PIOYIdecI by IHS under 1IcI_ willi MIS
No replOducIIon or nIbwofkIng PIIrmlllMi 'IfIIIhout lice,... from IHS

SoIdIO;INFORMATlON HANOUNG SERVICES, OI_It


201211128 tI!:15:580MT

ST ANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

SP-97

TABLE 4
90 Branch Outlets - Socket Welding, U.S. Customary Units

I
I

1,---I

Oude!
(NPS)

"'--

Dimensions are in inches


CMaL

BMln.()

118
0.38
114
0.38
0.38
318
112
0.38
314
0.50
1
0.50
1
0.50
1'1,
0.50
2
0.62
2'1,
0.62
3
0.62
0.75
4
Note: (a) "B" Minimum Socket Depth per ASME BI6.1\

v.

Class 3000

o_6000

0.41
0.41
0.50
0.63
0.63
0.88
0.88
0.94
0.94
1.00
1.19
1.19

0.94
1.00
1.13
1.19
1.25
1.44

_
....

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201ZWl81 8:1S:5I OMT

STANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

SP-97

TABLES
45 Branch Outlets - Buttwelding, U.S. Customary Units

i are

A
(TOpOl

Outlet
(NPS)

to Run Pipe)

lilt.nA -r<\ 1 Extra

A Min.

A Max.
I
I.
I.

.500

2.750
3.500

1/4

~.

1'2

~.87S

....... .- .

, ','

'.

,,--- ...

in inches.

STANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

SP-97

TABLE 6
45 Branch Outlets - Threaded, U.S. Customary Units

I are

(ToP of:

Outlet
(NPS)

Class 1000 A
1----:-:7-+----'A7.MiJ1.
A MaL
1/4
1500
I~
.500
..681

in inches.

A
: to RUD PI~
Class ~ 000 A
A MiD.
A.M!'L

1.531

1.87~S_-I
.&ll.

r-~~--r---TS~OO---+---7~---+---7~--~--~~~~

..812
.125
2.106
2. iOO
3.100

.50(

:.406
1.001
1.001

3.31

:.~

,3

3 .~

14

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8
SOIdto:JNFOl'NAT1OH HANOUHO RVICES. 01_'.
2012/Wa 11:15:51

our

4.12!

ST ANDARD PRACTI CE

M SS

SP-97

TABLE 7
45 Branch Outlets - Socket Weldin&. U.S. Customary Units

are in inches.

A
Outlet
(NPS)

1/4
3/8
112
3/4
I

(Top or I'ImDI to RUD Pipe)

BMin.(a)

~.

1.3
1.3

~3000

ClusliOOO

AI

.51

.750
:.000
00

.8
.1
t.41

IV.

:.s()
0.50
0.62
.00
Note: (8) "B" Minimum Socket Depth per ASME B16.11
IV,
2

' .~.'

",',""-' - 't,'

~~
I ;3
I

3.0
3 .~

9
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2012NZ8 Ia:l5:5e our

01_1,

AMu.
..8
.8
.1:
2.
2.
3,
3.375
4.125

SP-97

STANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

ANNEXA
SI (Metric) Tables A2 through A7
TABLEA2
90 Branch Outlets - Buttwelding, SI (Metric) Units

I
I
A

Dimensions are in millimeters.


A

Oudet

(Fa~e

Oudet
(NPS)

of Flttioa to Crot~bl
Extra StroOI
Red.clog
Fun
15.7
15.7
19.1
19.1
19.1
22.4
22.4
26.9
26.9
31.8
31.8
33.3
33.3
38.1
38.1
41.1
41.1
44.4
44.4
47.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
57.2
57.2
77.7
77.7
98.6
98.6
93.7
88.9
103.1
100.1
100.1
104.6
112.8
106.2
111.2
119.1
127.0
119.1
139.7
139.7

Staodard
(DN)
Reducblg
F.n
lIB
15.7
6
1/4
15.7
8
10
3/8
19.1
112
19.1
IS
19.1
20
3/4
22.4
22.4
25
26.9
26.9
I
31.8
31.8
32
IY.
40
33.3
33.3
I Y2
50
2
38.1
38.1
41.1
41.1
65
2'h
44.4
80
3
44.4
90
3Y.
47.8
50.8
50.8
100
4
50.8
125
5
57.2
57.2
ISO
6
60.4
60.4
200
8
69.8
69.8
250
10
77.7
77.7
12
85.9
300
85.9
350
14
88.9
88.9
400
16
93.7
93.7
450
18
96.8
103.1
20
500
101.6
117.3
600
24
115.8
136.6
Tolerances: 6 - 20 0.8 mm
25-100 1.6mm
125-300 3.2mm
350 - 600 4.8 mm

&bedule 160
Full
Redacma

10
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Ot_,.

28.4

28.4

31.8
38.1
44.4
50.8
55.4
62.0
73.2

31.8
38.1
44.4
50.8
55.4
62.0
73.2

84.1
93.7
104.6

84.1
93.7
104.6

--

MSS

ST ANDARD PRACTICE

SP-97

ANNEX A (Continued)

SI (Metric) Tables A2 through A7


TABLEA3

90" Branch Outlets - Threaded, SI (Metric) Units

NPT THREADS PER 81.20.1

I
ANom.

"'--

-...r

Dimensions are in millimeters


Outlet

(DN)
6
S
10
15
20
25
32
40
50
65
SO
100
Tolerances: 6 - 20 O.S mm
25-100 1.6mm

" ,'.-,C ,~yrtglll MIS


"'"-dldby tIS undIr llc1nMwIIh was
No I'IProduCIlon or nIlwoIkIng PlrmIbd wIII'IOIIt IIcIM IIOtI'IIHS

A Nom.
(Face of FittiDI! to Crotch)
Threaded
Class 3000
Class 6000
19.0
19.0
20.6
25.4
31.S
26.9
36.6
39.6
33.3
33.3
4 1.1
35.0
42.3
52.3
3S.1
46.0
50.S
57.2

Outlet
(NPS)

",

........-" .,.,

liS
114
3/S
112
3/4

I
I Y.
I Y,
2

2Y,
3
4

',.,

11
SaId kl:INFORMATlON HANDLING SERVICES, 0182801a

2012/8128115:15:5150MT

MSS

SP-97

ST ANDARD PRACTICE
ANNEX A (Continued)

SI (Metric) Tables A2 througb A7


TABLEA4

90 Brancb Outlets - Socket Welding, SI (Metric) Units

L,----

-.7

"'-

O.det
(DN)

Oudet
(NPS)

B MiII.()

6
118
9.5
8
9.5
114
3/8
9.5
10
112
9.5
15
20
3/4
12.5
12.5
25
I
32
12.5
IX.
I Y,
40
12.5
50
16.0
2
65
16.0
2~
80
16.0
3
4
19.0
100
Note: (a) "B" Minimum Socket Depths per ASME B16.11

o
12

Dimensions are in millimeters


CMaL
Class 3000
Class 6000
11
11

13
16
16
23
23
24
24
26
31
31

24
26
29
31
32
37

STANDARD PRACTI CE

M SS

SP-97

A NNEX A (Continued)

SI (Metric) Tables Al through A7


TABLEA5

45 Braoch Outlets - Buttweldlog. SI (Metric) Uoits

Dimensions are in millimeters


Oudet

A
(Top of FJttiJIg to R8D Pipe)

(ON)

StaDdard I Extra StroDI

8
10
15
20
25
32
40
50

AMiD.
38.1
38.1
38.1
44.5
54.0
54.0
63.5
73.0

A MaL
42.9
42.9
42.9
50.8
65.1
65.1
69.9
88.9

\3
ScId IO: ~TIOH HANDL.Jr.a

201ZN28 to;t5M OMT

S&MCU. 0'_"

ST ANDARD PRACTICE

M SS

SP-97

ANNEX A (Continued)

SI (Metric) Tables A2 through A7


TABLEA6
45 Branch Outlets - T hreaded, SI (Metric) Units

o
Dimensions are in millimeters
A
(Top of Fittiug to RUB Pipe)

Outlet

(DN)
8
10

IS
20
25
32
40

SO

Clau3000

AMiD.
38. 1
38.1
38.1
46.0
54.0
61.1
63.5
76.2

Clau6000

AMu.
42.9
42.9
44.5
50.8
63.5
76.2
76.2
84.1

AMiD.
38.9
38.9
46.0
54.0
61. 1
65.1
78.6
78.6

_
....

~."

.. "'*' .... wlth MSS

No ~or ~g PlfT'lll*lwIIhoIa IcInM 1l'0III ItS

14
SoId trx_OAMATlON HANOUNO IlERVICES, 01828811)
2012N21 10;11:M 0..,.

A Max.
47.6
47.6
55.6
63.5
73.0
77.8
85.7
104.8

SP-97

STANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

ANNEX A (Continued)

SI (Metric) Tables A2 through A7


TABLEA7

45 Branch Outlets - Socket Welding, SI (Metric) Units

Dimensions are in millimeters


A

Outlet
(DN)

B Min.(I)

(Top of Fitting to Run Pipe)


Class 6000

Class 3000

A Min.
A Max.
9.5
38.1
42.9
8
9.5
42.9
10
38.1
IS
9.5
38.1
44.5
20
12.5
46.0
50.8
54.0
25
12.5
63.5
12.5
61.1
76.2
32
40
12.5
63.5
76.2
SO
16.0
76.2
84.1
..
Note: (a) "B" MinImum Socket Depth per ASME B16.11

15

AMiD.
38.9
38.9
46.0
54.0
61.1
65.1
78.6
78.6

......,.".,., ..,

Sold Io:INFORWATlON HANDUNQ SERVICES, Ot tztl,O


20121W2& le~I$;HGMT

A Max.
47.6
47.6
55.6
63.5
73.0
77.8
85.7
104.8

ST ANDARD PRACTICE

MSS

SP-97

ANNEXB
Design Proof Test
B I. Proof Test AdminisJ':I'Iion

Alternately, the test is considered successful if the


assembly withstands, without rupture, a test
pressure of 105 percent (105%) of the computed
test pressure defined above.

B 1.1
Proof tests shall be made as set forth
herein as evidence of the adequacy of branch
connections employing these outlet fittings.

B3. It is not necessary to conduct an individual test


of fittings in all combinations of sizes, wall thickness,
and pressute class. A successful proof test on one
prototype fitting may represent other similarly
proportioned fittings to the extent described herein.

B2. Proof Test Procedure


B2.l Fittings selected for testing shall be
representative of production fittings, shall be
identified as to material, grade, and class, and shall
be inspected for compliance with this Standard
Practice.

B3.l A successful test on a full size fitting may be


used to quality other full sized fittings no smaller
than one-half nor larger than two-times the size of
the test fitting.

B2.2 Run and branch pipe sections, assembled


with a fitting for test, shall be of equivalent
material to the fitting and shall have nominal wall
thicknesses corresponding to the fitting in
accordance with Table 1, and shall meet all
requirements of the pipe specification.

B3.2 A successful test on a reducing fitting


qualifies:
B3.2.l All similar fittings of the same bnmch
pipe size which fit larger run pipes than the test
fitting.

B2.3 The test bnmch outlet fitting shall be welded


to the run pipe. The diameter of the bnmch opening
in the run pipe shall not be less than the inside
diameter of the bnmch pipe. The length of run pipe
on either side of the weld intersection shall be at
least twice the pipe outside diameter or a suitable
length to ensure the reinforcing effect of the weld
does not affect the proof test The bnmch outlet
pipe extension shall have a length at least twice its
diameter. The run pipe shall have a bursting
strength at least as great as the computed proof test
pressure as calculated in Section B2.4.

B3.2.2 All similar fittings with a bnmch pipe size


no smaller than one-half nor larger than two times
the test fitting provided the run pipe to branch
pipe size ratio is equal to or greater than the test
fitting.
B3.3 The untested fitting must have a bnmch pipe
tID ratio, not less than one-half, nor more than
three times the test fitting.
B3.4 The pre5Sute retaining capacity of a fitting
made of various grades of material with similar
mechanical properties will be essentially directly
proportional to the tensile properties of the various
grades. Hence it is necessary to test a prototype in
only a single grade to prove the geometric design
of fittings.

B2.4 Hydrostatic pressute shall be applied to the


assembly. The acrua1 test pressure prior to rupNre
must be at least equal to the computed proof test
pressure defined below:

P=2St
where:

The manufacNrer shall be able to demonstrate that


fittings prodllCed from materials with significantly
different mechanical properties (i.e., carbon vs.
stainless steel) are considered essentially
proportional to the tested grade, or additional
testing may be required.

P - Proof Test Pressure (PSig)


S - The acrua1 tensile strength of the run pipe to
be used, psi, (determined on a specimen
representative of the pipe)

B3.5 Proof tests which have been conducted prior


to the issuance of this Standard Practice, and that
are equivalent to the above requirements, shall be
considered as fulfilling the requirements of this
Standard Practice provided they are adequately
documented .

- Nominal run pipe wall thickness, inches

D - Specified outside diameter of the run pipe,


inches

.. .. ,

.....

'.-

... , ,'-.

16

ST ANDARD PRACT I CE

MSS

SP-97

ANNEXC
Referenced Standards and Applicable Dates
This Annex is an integral part of this Standard Practice and is placed after main text for convenience.
Standard Name

Description

ASME; ANSIIASME
B1.20.1 -1983 (R2006)
B16.34-2009
B36.IOM-2004 (R2010)
BI6.11 -2011
B 16.25-2007
B31.\-2010
B31j-2010
ASTM

Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)


Valves Flanged, Threaded and Welding End; including 2010 Supplement
Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
Buttwelding Ends
Power Piping
Process Piping
Standard Specification for:

A I05/AI05M- l la
AI82/AI82M- I la
A234/A234M-I la

A3501A350M-1I
A403/A403M-II
A4201A420M-lOa
A815/A815M-IOa

Carbon Steel Forgings for Piping Applications


Forged or RoHed Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and
Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service
Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and
High Temperature Service
Carbon and Low-AHoy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing
for Piping Components
Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings
Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for LowTemperature Service
Wrought Ferritic, FerriticlAustenitic, and Martensitic Stainless Steel Piping
Fittings

The foHowing Organizations appear on the above list:


ANSI

American National Standards Institute, Inc.


25 West 43 ni Street, Fourth Floor
New York, NY 10036-7406

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME International)


Three Park Avenue
New York, NY 10016-5990

ASTM

ASTM International
100 Bar Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700
West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959

17
COpytIQIIt MIS
PfooIoII:tId by IHS ulldlt IoINI "

_I

No~Of~~~

_ _ 1ronI1HS

SOld 1O.1NFOI'VtoIIATION HAHDUNQ SERVICU, 0112"1'


.'iNa
11:15:&1GMT

LUnUty 01 MOO OU:ltJU_IU rn.\O.ucw:. \tlD VI IVltlYI LV 1'1

TITLE
SP6-2012
SP.,.2008
SP252008
SP-422009
SP-432OOI
SP....2010

SP-45-2003
SP5120I~

sP5).1999
SM.I999
SP55-2011

Stondatd Finishes forContDCI Faces of Pipe FlAnaeslll'ld ConnmlnaEnd FIonSCS ofVDlvCl and Flttlnp
Spot Fatlna for Bronze. Iron tnd SIecI Flslges
StandIrd M.ki1lJ System for Volves. RUin... FIqcs. ond Unions
COfTOIIon RcsisWnt Gat~ Globe. Anale Dnd Check ValvCl with FlInacd and Buu Weld Ends (CIasscI15o. 300 A 6(0)
Wroupt Dnd Fabrk:.tcd ButtWeldinaFlttinp for Low Pmsun. COITOIion RalIIant Applications (Inc!. 2010 ErrMo Sheet)
SkelPipeUneflan&cs(IncI.2011 EmtaSheet)
(R 200B) Bypas ood Dram Cooocctions
CIao 150l W Coon>oIon RaItIIaI FI_ .... Call FIaopd Flnlnp
(R2OO7)QuoIiIySlandonl lOrs...ICoIIinp ..... .,....... lOr V.....,.,....... ..... .,............ 0dIcr ........ ~ - M..,-_

--..M_

r"

f.""" -....

(R 2007) QuoIiIy SIandonI lOr Sled Cald".. ood faIna> C.. V _ fIonaa, ood fInIoss ond 0Ihcr PiJ*'I CompononIs Qualhy SWMiard fot Steel Catlnp far Valves, Flanau, Fll1lnp., and Ckhcr Pipins Componenu - VisuAl Method far EvDluldan af

MctIoocI

SP96-2011
SP972012
SP982012
SP.I)9.2010
SPlDO-2009
SPI 0 11989
SpI021989
SPI()4..2(l12
SpI052010

Surf,," Inqul..ttic:s (ANSI.pprwed ~ N. . . .I SCaadard)


Pipe Hqen and Supports - MaIeria1s. Oesip. MAnufoccute. Sclec:tion, Applic:Dtion. InClIMtillMlon (1nc0lp0f1ltC:t CAntent ofSP.69. n. 89. and 90)
(ANS11ppnrved ~ NadMW Staaclard)
Connectina Flanae Joints between T appina S1eevcslUld T"",ina Volva
Prcuure Tatlna of Valva
Hlp PrcssUfe Chemical Industry Flanaes and lbrcadcd Stubs for Use with Lens Gaskets
BldlctfIy Volva
Hip Prasure BldlctfIy Volva with OffICI DcsJan
Pipe Hangen and Supports - Selection and AppUca&lon (ANSI..pproved America. Nadoul Sea.clanl)
Gray Iron Gate VDlva. FlIIf1pd and Threaded Ends
Oro)' Iron Swina Check VDlvCl. Filltged and Threaded Ends
BoD Volveswith Flonpd or Butt.Weldina Ends fat General Servlc:e
SpocIIIcootIon Cor H1pTest, WroooahI. B...W.. d... Fl.....
Groy Iron PI. Valva, FlInpdtnd Thraded Ends
Socket WeldlllJ Rcduc:erlnsertl
Bronze Gate. Globe, Angle, tnd Check Valves
SIIInlc:u Sled. Bonnetless, FlInpd Knife Ga&c Valves
Class 3000 Steel ~ Unions Socket Welding tnd 1lutad.d
Gnoy 10... Globe & """" VoI_ FIaopd ..... 1Iwadod Eoob
Guidellnel fot Metrie Doll in St.ndMb for Valves. f1Inps. Flttfnp, Ind ACCUIIkIn (tnc:l1011 Emta Shccl)
(R 1996 - ............. 2011) FiiCICXy-Madc B... WcIdinIJ Flu .... C.. a-I_Pipin.App6........
DiIphntpn Valva
GuideUnes for Manual Opcl'ltion of Valva
MSS Valve U., Guide
QualIty SUndIrd for Steel CutinI' and Forginp for Valves. f1Inaes. Fiftinp. tnd OdIer PiplllJ Componentl - Liquid Penetrw1t
Examinotlon Method
Quality S&andard for Fmitic and Mattenlltle Steel ea.elnp for VDlvCl. Flanges. Fiuinp. and Olher Pipina Componcntl - Ultruonle
Eumlnation Method
Swqo(d) Nippl.. ond Bull Pi....
GuldeUnes on Tenninology for Volves and Flttlnp
IntepDlly Reinforced For;ed Branch Outlet Fialnp .. Socket Woldln" Threaded. and Bunwcldina Ends
ProtectiveCOGIlnp for the lntcriorofVolves. Hydnmtl. and Fhtinp
Instrument VDlves
QuoDfiCQ11on Requirements for Elastomer o;aphrqrnt fat Nuclear Service o;aphragrn Volves
(R 200 I) hitTum VDlvc Actuator Attachment .. Flanae ond DRvin, Component Dimensions and Performance Chamcteristlcs
(R2001) MukiTum Volve ACW8tOt AttDChment .. FllInIC and DrivlnaComponcnt Dimc:nsJons and PerfonnonccChanlclCristics
Wroupt CoppcrSoJder..Joint Pressure Fitdnp
Instrument Valves forCode Appdcaliona

sP I06-20 I 2

CaIIC_AUoy~""'FIaopdFlnlnp,a-I2$.I50.""')oo

SPI()8..2012
SpI09.2012
SpII().2010
Splll2012
SP1122010

RaDIc:nlSeaIodCut Iron Eccc:ntric PILlS Valva


WcJded.Fabricated Copper Solder-joint pretIlft Fitinp
u.u Valves Thteadcd. SockdWeldins.SoIder Joint, Grocwcd InCl FlDred Encb (1ncL20IO E,... Sheet)
Gray.lron Mel Ouc:tik-lron TopplngSlena
QuIIlty SUwtard fot Evaluad~ of Cut Swl'ace Flnbha - Visual and Tactile Method. This SP must be used with a l<kurface. tbfte dimensional Cast
Surface Cocnp.nI&Or. which b 0 noc:enary pan afthc s&anciIrd. Additional Cornpenton OYOilabic tepCItI1Cly.
ConnectI,.Jalnll bctwccn ToppinaMachInes Iftd. Tapplna Valves
Conosion Ralu.tt Pipe Fitttnas Thtcadcd and Sockec WeldinaCla. ISO Ind 1000 (ANSI1PpromI Mteriela N.c&o.ol StaNard)
Excas Flow Valva, 1% NPS and Smaller. for Fuel Gas Sctvlce
Servk:ct-Linc Valves and Flttinp for Drinklna Wacet Systems
BcDaWi Seals for Globe and Gate Volves
Compact Steel Globe & Check Valva - Flanged, FlIIf1aoteu. Threaded & Weldina Ends (Chemical & Petroleum Rcnntty Servlc:e)
FactoryMade Wrought BeUed End Pipe Fitlinp for Sackcl.Weldina
Flexlble Gnaphite Packina System for RUlna SICIft Valvcs - Daian Requirements
Qualification T Cltlna Methods for Stem Packina fat RUina SICIft S&ecl Volves
Plastie Industrial 8411 Volves
(R 2006) NonFetrO\II Threaded and SoJder.Jalnt Union. fat Use with Copper WIterTube
Fabricated Tappina Sleeves
Gray Iron and Ductile Iron InUne. Sprinal.oAded, CenlCT GulcIed Check VDlva
SleeIInUnc Spring.Assistcd Center Guided Check Valves
Brxln,1Or PipillJ Systems Sei.smIcWIndDynarnic OctIan. Scle:ction. Application
Ductile Iron a.tc Volves
(R 2007) C~Nickel Sockee.Weldina FiUlnp tnd UniON
8eUows SeDlt lOt lnstnament VDlves
MetaUle ~uaPy 0pe:nIed Gas DlstriIMaioa Valves
Co...... Woo PacklnsSystems for InstrumcN Valva
Excea Flow Vatva for Low PraMwe FuW Gal AppIlanca
Valva fcwCryogcnIe Service, includina RcquiranattI fot BodyIBonnec Extemions
HJah Prets\Ire Knife Ga&c Volvcs
0uc:tUe Iron SwlllJCheck Valva
Quality S&andard fot Potkive Motcriot Identification of Metal Valves, FI. . . . Flttlnp, and Other PipinaComponentI
QuaUty Standard Prxticc: forOxypn QaIn" afVoIves&: FlU...
Copper Alloy Gate. Globe, Angle. Dnd Check Valves rot Low PreaurelLow TemperatutC Plumbin8 Applicotiont
Quality Stondatd Practice for Preparation of Valva and Flftlnp for SiliCOM-Frce Servic:e
MultiTwn ond Check Valve ModifiCIWon.
Excas Flow VDlvCl for Fuel Gu Service. NPS I~ throuah 12
Uvc-LoGded VolveStem PackinaSystems

SP5&-2009
SP.6I).20 12
SP.06I2009
SP652012
SP.0672011
SPa68-2011
sp~2oo3

Sp7D-20II
sp7120 II
SP7220IOa

sP752001
SP78--2011
SP71).2011
SPao.2008
SP-II20060
SP-I)lOO6

SP-85-2011
SP.a6-2009

SP-87I991
SP ...2010
SP912009
SP922(112
SP932008
SP.94-2OO8

SP952006

Spll)'2012
SPII4-2007
SpII52(l10
SPI 16.201 I
SPI 17201 I
SpII&-2007
SPIII).20IO
SP12D-2011
SP1212006
SpI222012
SpI231998
SP124-2012
SPI252010
SP126-2OO7
Sp1272ool
SP128--2011
SPIlC).2003
SPI)().lOO3
SP1312010
SP13220IO
SP13).2010
SP134-2012
SP135-2010
SP136.2007
SPl)72007
SP1382009
SP131).2010
SP14D-2012
SP1412012
SP'422012
SP,1432012

(R :nAR) Ind6catet year reatllrmed PrIce Liat Av.llllbl. Upon Requ..t MSS .. an ANSI-acaedited Amet1can Ndonll Standard. developer

_"""....

Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Induatry, Inc.


127 Park Street, NE, Vlenn., VA 22180-46 10 17031 2A1-M13 FAY # 17031 2A1-8671
50Ict IO:lNFOAMATION HANOUNO SIEAVICIES. OIQ2ltI'

PIwIdId by IHS Ul'ld1l11lcWM Will M$S


No~Of~~lIIWIoutIiwlMII'onIHS

MSS.IHL~I.~!!.:~I!.:58OMT