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Period

Periodic Table of the Elements


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Common Polyatomic Ions


hydronium

H3O

acetate
hydroxide

+1

C2H3O21
CH3COO

OH1

cyanide

CN

cyanate

OCN

thiocyanate

1
1

SCN1

ClO41

chlorate

ClO

chlorite

ClO21

hypochlorite
nitrate

ClO
NO31

nitrite

NO

bromate

BrO

iodate

IO

1
3

1
2
1
3

1
3

hydrogen
sulfate

HSO41

permanganate

MnO41

periodate

IO

1
4

hydrogen
carbonate

HCO31

dihydrogen
phosphate

H2PO41

sulfate

SO42

oxalate

C2O42

sulfite

SO

silicate

SiO32

peroxide

O22

tetraborate

B4O72

borate

BO33

arsenate

AsO43

phosphate

PO43

orthosilicate

SiO44

phthalate
chromate
dichromate
carbonate
hydrogen
phosphate

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perchlorate

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NH4+1

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ammonium

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(rare earth metals)

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2
3

C8H4O42
CrO

2
4

Cr2O72
CO

2
3

HPO42

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @MrBigler.com> or <Jeff@ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.

Element Data
Included Fields
Enter column labels from the "Full Data" worksheet in row #4 to display that column on the periodic table. The
numbers indicate the positions where the data will be displayed. (See the legend at right.)
A
#1

B
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C
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D
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E
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F
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K
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AA
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Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

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Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

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#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data

#3
#4
Type the letter of a column from
the "Full Data" worksheet into
#5
this row to display that
column's data here and on the
periodic table.

#1

#8

#2
#6

#7

The purpose of this worksheet is to select


which data from the "Full Data" worksheet (tab)
are displayed in which locations in the "Periodic
Table" worksheet (tab).
Each cell in the "Periodic Table" worksheet is a
reference to a corresponding cell in this
worksheet. If you change the contents of a cell
in this worksheet, the change will show up in
the corresponding location on the periodic
table. The box above shows where the data in
each numbered column will be displayed.
Each cell in this worksheet is a reference
(pointer) to the cell for the same element in a
corresponding column in the "Full Data"
worksheet. To change which data are
displayed here (and therefore on the periodic
table), simply type the one- or two-letter column
heading from one of the columns in the "Full
Data" worksheet into row 4 of this worksheet.
(Try it a few times to see how it works.)

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

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Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.

Element Data
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Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.

Element Data
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
1
H
2
He
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd

Group #
1
18
1
2
13
14
15
16
17
18
1
2
13
14
15
16
17
18
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Old Group #
IA
VIII A
IA
II A
III A
IV A
VA
VI A
VII A
VIII A
IA
II A
III A
IV A
VA
VI A
VII A
VIII A
IA
II A
III B
IV B
VB
VI B
VII B
VIII B
VIII B
VIII B
IB
II B
III A
IV A
VA
VI A
VII A
VIII A
IA
II A
III B
IV B
VI B
VI B
VII B
VIII B
VIII B
VIII B

Period
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

English
element name
hydrogen
helium
lithium
beryllium
boron
carbon
nitrogen
oxygen
fluorine
neon
sodium
magnesium
aluminum
silicon
phosphorus
sulfur
chlorine
argon
potassium
calcium
scandium
titanium
vanadium
chromium
manganese
iron
cobalt
nickel
copper
zinc
gallium
germanium
arsenic
selenium
bromine
krypton
rubidium
strontium
yttrium
zirconium
niobium
molybdenum
technetium
ruthenium
rhodium
palladium

German
element name
Wasserstoff
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
Bor
Kohlenlstoff
Stickstoff
Sauerstoff
Fluor
Neon
Natrium
Magnesium
Aluminium
Silizium
Phosphor
Schwefel
Chlor
Argon
Kalium
Kalzium
Skandium
Titan
Vanadium
Chrom
Mangan
Eisen
Kobalt
Nickel
Kupfer
Zink
Gallium
Germanium
Arsen
Selen
Brom
Krypton
Rubidium
Strontium
Yttrium
Zirkonium
Niob
Molybdn
Technetium
Ruthenium
Rhodium
Palladium

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
55
Cs
56
Ba
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
87
Fr
88
Ra
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U

Group #
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
1
2
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
1
2
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides

Old Group #
IB
II B
III A
IV A
VA
VI A
VII A
VIII A
IA
II A
III B
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
lanthanides
IV B
VB
VI B
VII B
VIII B
VIII B
VIII B
IB
II B
III A
IV A
VA
VI A
VII A
VIII A
IA
II A
III B
actinides
actinides
actinides

Period
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
7

English
element name
silver
cadmium
indium
tin
antimony
tellurium
iodine
xenon
cesium
barium
lanthanum
cerium
praseodymium
neodymium
promethium
samarium
europium
gadolinium
terbium
dysprosium
holmium
erbium
thulium
ytterbium
lutetium
hafnium
tantalum
tungsten
rhenium
osmium
iridium
platinum
gold
mercury
thallium
lead
bismuth
polonium
astatine
radon
francium
radium
actinium
thorium
protactinium
uranium

German
element name
Silber
Kadmium
Indium
Zinn
Antimon
Tellur
Iod (Jod)
Xenon
Zsium
Barium
Lanthan
Zer
Praseodym
Neodym
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Hafnium
Tantal
Wolfram
Rhenium
Osmium
Iridium
Platin
Gold
Quecksilber
Thallium
Blei
Wismut
Polonium
Astat
Radon
Franzium
Radium
Aktinium
Thorium
Protaktinium
Uran

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

Group #
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

Old Group #
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
actinides
IV B
VB
VI B
VII B
VIII B
VIII B
VIII B
IB
II B
III A
IV A
VA
VI A
VII A
VIII A

Period
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

English
element name
neptunium
plutonium
americium
curium
berkelium
californium
einsteinium
fermium
mendelevium
nobelium
lawrencium
rutherfordium
dubnium
seaborgium
bohrium
hassium
meitnerium
darmstadtium
roentgentium
copernicum
ununtrium
flerovium
ununpentium
livermorium
ununseptium
ununoctium

German
element name
Neptunium
Plutonium
Amerizium
Kurium
Berkelium
Kalifornium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium
Rutherfordium
Dubnium
Seaborgium
Bohrium
Hassium
Meitnerium
Darmstadtium
Roentgentium
Kopernikum
Ununtrium
Flerovium
Ununpentium
Livermorium
Ununseptium
Ununoctium

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
1
H
2
He
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd

French
element name
hydrogne
hlium
lithium
bryllium
bore
carbone
azote
oxygne
fluor
non
sodium
magnsium
aluminium
silicium
phosphore
soufre
chlore
argon
potassium
calcium
scandium
titane
vanadium
chrome
manganse
fer
cobalt
nickel
cuivre
zinc
gallium
germanium
arsenic
slnium
brome
krypton
rubidium
strontium
yttrium
zirconium
niobium
molybdne
techntium
ruthnium
rhodium
palladium

Spanish
element name
hidrgeno
helio
litio
berilio
boro
carbono
nitrgeno
oxgeno
flor
nen
sodio
magnesio
aluminio
silicio
fsforo
azufre
cloro
argn
potasio
calcio
escandio
titanio
vanadio
cromo
manganeso
hierro
cobalto
nquel
cobre
zinc
galio
germanio
arsnico
selenio
bromo
criptn
rubidio
estroncio
itrio
circonio
niobio
molibdeno
tecnecio
rutenio
rodio
paladio

atomic
Italian
mass
atomic mass Melting
element name (rounded) (IUPAC 2005) Point, C
idrogeno
1.008
1.00794
-259.1
elio
4.003
4.002602
-272.2
litio
6.941
6.941
180.5
berillio
9.012
9.012182
1278
boro
10.81
10.811
2079
carbonio
12.01
12.0107
3367
azoto
14.01
14.0067
-209.9
ossigeno
16.00
15.9994
-218.4
fluoro
19.00
18.9984032
-219.8
neon
20.18
20.1797
-248
sodio
22.99 22.98976928
97.8
magnesio
24.31
24.305
649
alluminio
26.98
26.9815386
660
silicio
28.09
28.0855
1410
fosforo
30.97
30.973762
44.1
zolfo
32.07
32.065
112.8
cloro
35.45
35.453
-101
argo
39.95
39.948
-189.2
potassio
39.10
39.0983
63.25
calcio
40.08
40.078
839
scandio
44.96
44.955912
1541
titanio
47.87
47.867
1660
vanadio
50.94
50.9415
1890
cromo
52.00
51.9961
1857
manganese
54.94
54.938045
1244
ferro
55.85
55.845
1535
cobalto
58.93
58.933195
1495
nichelio
58.69
58.6934
1453
rame
63.55
63.546
1083
zinco
65.41
65.409
419.6
gallio
69.72
69.723
29.8
germanio
72.64
72.64
947.4
arsenico
74.92
74.9216
817
selenio
78.96
78.96
217
bromo
79.90
79.904
-7.2
kripto
83.80
83.798
-157
rubidio
85.47
85.4678
38.9
stronzio
87.62
87.62
769
ittrio
88.91
88.90585
1523
zirconio
91.22
91.224
1852
niobio
92.91
92.90638
2468
molibdeno
95.94
95.94
2617
tecnezio
98
98
2172
rutenio
101.1
101.07
2310
rodio
102.9
102.9055
1966
palladio
106.4
106.42
1554

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
55
Cs
56
Ba
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
87
Fr
88
Ra
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U

French
element name
argent
cadmium
indium
tain
antimoine
tellure
iode
xnon
csium
baryum
lanthane
crium
prasodyme
nodyme
promthium
samarium
europium
gadolinium
terbium
dysprosium
holmium
erbium
thulium
ytterbium
lutcium
hafnium
tantale
tungstne
rhnium
osmium
iridium
platine
or
mercure
thallium
plomb
bismuth
polonium
astate
radon
francium
radium
actinium
thorium
protactinium
uranium

Spanish
element name
plata
cadmio
indio
estao
antimonio
teluro
yodo
xenn
cesio
bario
lantano
cerio
prosedimio
neodimio
promecio
samario
europio
gadolineo
terbio
disprosio
holmio
erbio
tulio
iterbio
lutecio
hafnio
tntalo
wolframio or
tungsteno
renio
osmio
iridio
platino
oro
mercurio
talio
plomo
bismuto
polonio
astato
radn
francio
radio
actinio
torio
protactinio
uranio

atomic
Italian
mass
atomic mass Melting
element name (rounded) (IUPAC 2005) Point, C
argento
107.9
107.8682
962
cadmio
112.4
112.411
320.9
indio
114.8
114.818
156.6
stagno
118.7
118.71
232
antimonio
121.8
121.76
631
tellurio
127.6
127.6
449.5
iodio
126.9
126.90447
113.5
xeno
131.3
131.293
-111.8
cesio
132.9 132.9054519
28.4
bario
137.3
137.327
725
lantanio
138.9
138.90547
920
cerio
140.1
140.116
798
praseodimio
140.9
140.90765
931
neodimio
144.2
144.242
1016
promezio
145
145
1042
samario
150.4
150.36
1074
europio
152.0
151.964
822
gadolinio
157.3
157.25
1313
terbio
158.9
158.92535
1365
disprosio
162.5
162.5
1412
olmio
164.9
164.93032
1474
erbio
167.3
167.259
1529
tulio
168.9
168.93421
1545
itterbio
173.0
173.04
819
lutezio
175.0
174.967
1663
hafnio
178.5
178.49
2227
tantalio
180.9
180.94788
2996
tungsteno
183.8
183.84
3410
renio
186.2
186.207
3180
osmio
190.2
190.23
3045
iridio
192.2
192.217
2410
platino
195.1
195.084
1772
oro
197.0
196.966569
1064
mercurio
200.6
200.59
-38.9
tallio
204.4
204.3833
303
piombo
207.2
207.2
327.5
bismuto
209.0
208.9804
271
polonio
209
209
254
astato
210
210
302
radon
222
222
-71
francio
223
223
27
radio
226
226
700
attinio
227
227
1050
torio
232.0
232.03806
1750
protoattinio
231.0
231.03588
1570
uranio
238.0
238.02891
1132

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

French
element name
neptunium
plutonium
amricium
curium
berklium
californium
einsteinium
fermium
mendlvium
noblium
lawrencium
rutherfordium
dubnium
seaborgium
bohrium
hassium
meitnrium
darmstadtium
roentgentium
coprnicum
ununtrium
flerovium
ununpentium
livermorium
ununseptium
ununoctium

Spanish
element name
neptunio
plutonio
americio
curio
berkelio
californio
einstenio
fermio
mendelevio
nobelio
lawrencio
ruterfordio
dubnio
seaborgio
bohrio
hassio
meitnerio
darmstadtio
roentgentio
copernico
ununtrio
flerovio
ununpentio
livermorio
ununseptio
ununoctio

atomic
Italian
mass
atomic mass Melting
element name (rounded) (IUPAC 2005) Point, C
nettunio
237
237
640
plutonio
239
239
641
americio
243
243
994
curio
247
247
1340
berkelio
247
247
986
californio
251
251
einstenio
252
252
fermio
257
257
mendelevio
258
258
nobelio
259
259
laurenzio
262
262
rutherfordio
261
261
dubnio
262
262
seaborgio
266
266
bohrio
264
264
hassio
277
277
meitnerio
268
268
darmstadtio
281
281
roentgentio
272
272
copernico
285
285
ununtrio
284
284
flerovio
289
289
ununpentio
288
288
livermorio
292
292
ununseptio
293
293
ununoctio
294
294

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
1
H
2
He
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd

Boiling
Point, C
-252.9
-268.9
1342
2970
2550
4827
-195.8
-183
-188.1
-248.7
883
1090
2467
2355
280
444.7
-34.6
-185.7
760
1484
2832
3287
3380
2672
1962
2750
2870
2730
2567
906
2403
2830
617
685
58.8
-152
686
1384
3337
4377
4742
4612
4877
3900
3727
3140

State at
Room
Temp.
g
g
s
s
s
s
g
g
g
g
s
s
s
s
s
s
g
g
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
l
g
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

electrone
density
gativity
1st ionization 2nd ionization
g/mL
(Pauling) potential (eV) potential (eV)
0.0000699
2.2
13.5984
0.000179
24.5874
54.416
0.543
0.98
5.3917
76.638
1.85
1.57
9.3226
18.211
2.34
2.04
8.298
25.154
2.25
2.55
11.2603
24.383
0.00125
3.04
14.5341
29.601
0.00143
3.44
13.6181
35.117
0.0017
3.98
17.4228
34.97
0.0009
21.5645
40.962
0.971
0.93
5.1391
47.286
1.74
1.31
7.6462
15.035
2.7
1.61
5.9858
18.828
2.33
1.9
8.1517
16.345
1.82
2.19
10.4867
19.725
2.07
2.58
10.36
23.33
0.00321
3.16
12.9676
23.81
0.00178
15.7596
27.629
0.86
0.82
4.3407
31.625
1.55
1
6.1132
11.871
2.99
1.36
6.5614
12.8
4.54
1.54
6.8282
13.58
6.11
1.63
6.7463
14.65
7.19
1.66
6.7666
16.5
7.43
1.55
7.434
15.64
7.86
1.83
7.9024
16.18
8.9
1.88
7.881
17.06
8.9
1.91
7.6398
18.168
8.96
1.9
7.7264
20.292
7.13
1.65
9.3941
17.964
5.9
1.81
5.9993
20.51
5.32
2.01
7.9
15.934
5.73
2.18
9.8152
18.633
4.79
2.55
9.7524
21.19
3.12
2.96
11.8138
21.8
0.00374
3
13.9996
24.359
1.53
0.82
4.1771
27.28
2.54
0.95
5.6948
11.03
4.47
1.22
6.217
12.24
6.51
1.33
6.6339
13.13
8.57
1.6
6.7589
14.32
10.2
2.16
7.0924
16.461
11.5
1.9
7.28
15.26
12.4
2.2
7.3605
16.76
12.4
2.28
7.4589
18.08
12
2.2
8.3369
19.63

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
55
Cs
56
Ba
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
87
Fr
88
Ra
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U

Boiling
Point, C
2212
765
2080
2270
1950
989.8
184
-107.1
669
1640
3454
3257
3017
3127
3000
1794
1529
3273
3230
2567
2700
2868
1950
1196
3402
4600
5425
5660
5600
5030
4130
3827
3080
357
1457
1740
1560
962
337
-61.8
677
1140
3200
4790
4000
3818

State at
Room
Temp.
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
g
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
l
s
s
s
s
s
g
s
s
s
s
s
s

electrone
density
gativity
1st ionization 2nd ionization
g/mL
(Pauling) potential (eV) potential (eV)
10.5
1.93
7.5762
21.49
8.65
1.69
8.9937
16.908
7.31
1.78
5.7864
18.869
7.31
1.96
7.3438
14.632
6.69
2.05
8.64
16.53
6.24
2.1
9.0096
18.6
4.93
2.66
10.4513
19.131
0.00589
2.6
12.1299
21.21
1.87
0.79
3.8939
25.1
3.5
0.89
5.2117
10.004
6.15
1.1
5.577
11.059
6.66
1.12
5.5387
10.851
6.77
1.13
5.464
10.551
7
1.14
5.525
10.727
7.26
5.55
10.903
7.52
1.17
5.6437
11.069
5.24
5.6704
11.245
7.9
1.2
6.15
12.095
8.23
5.8939
11.525
8.55
1.22
5.9389
11.67
8.8
1.23
6.0216
11.805
9.07
1.24
6.1078
11.929
9.32
1.25
6.1843
12.054
6.97
6.2542
12.188
9.84
1.27
5.4259
13.888
13.3
1.3
6.8251
14.925
16.6
1.5
7.89
19.3
2.36
7.98
21
1.9
7.88
22.6
2.2
8.7
22.4
2.2
9.1
21.4
2.28
9
18.563
19.3
2.54
9.2257
20.521
13.5
2
10.4375
18.759
11.9
1.62
6.1083
20.428
11.4
2.33
7.4167
15.028
9.75
2.02
7.289
16.687
9.32
2
8.4167
2.2
9.5
0.00973
10.7485
0.7
3.94
5
0.9
5.2789
10.148
10.1
1.1
5.17
12.126
11.7
1.3
6.08
11.504
15.4
1.5
5.89
19
1.38
6.1941

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

Boiling
Point, C
3900
3232
2607

State at
Room
Temp.
s
s
s
s
s

electrone
density
gativity
1st ionization 2nd ionization
g/mL
(Pauling) potential (eV) potential (eV)
20.2
1.36
6.2657
19.8
1.28
6.06
13.7
1.3
5.9933
13.5
1.3
6.02
14
1.3
6.23
1.3
6.3
1.3
6.42
1.3
6.5
1.3
6.58
1.3
6.65

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
1
H
2
He
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd

3rd ionization
potential (eV)

122.451
153.893
37.93
47.887
47.448
54.934
62.707
63.45
71.641
80.143
28.447
33.492
30.18
34.83
39.611
40.74
45.72
50.908
24.76
27.491
29.31
30.96
33.667
30.651
33.5
35.17
36.83
39.722
30.71
34.22
28.351
30.82
36
36.95
40
43.6
20.52
22.99
25.04
27.16
29.54
28.47
31.06
32.93

1st ionization 2nd ionization 3rd ionization Electron Electron


potential
potential
potential
Affinity Affinity
(kJ/mol)
(kJ/mol)
(kJ/mol)
(eV)
(kJ/mol)
1312
0.75
72
2372
5250
<0
<0
520
7394
11815
0.62
60
899
1757
14848
<0
<0
801
2427
3660
0.28
27
1086
2353
4620
1.26
122
1402
2856
4578
<0
<0
1314
3388
5300
1.46
141
1681
3374
6050
3.40
328
2081
3952
6122
<0
<0
496
4562
6912
0.55
53
738
1451
7733
<0
<0
578
1817
2745
0.44
42
787
1577
3231
1.39
134
1012
1903
2912
0.75
72
1000
2251
3361
2.08
201
1251
2297
3822
3.61
348
1521
2666
3931
<0
<0
419
3051
4411
0.50
48
590
1145
4912
0.04
4
633
1235
2389
0.19
18
659
1310
2652
0.08
8
651
1414
2828
0.53
51
653
1592
2987
0.67
65
717
1509
3248
<0
<0
762
1561
2957
0.15
15
760
1646
3232
0.66
64
737
1753
3393
1.16
112
745
1958
3554
1.24
120
906
1733
3833
<0
<0
579
1979
2963
0.30
29
762
1537
3302
1.23
119
947
1798
2735
0.81
78
941
2045
2974
2.02
195
1140
2103
3473
3.36
324
1351
2350
3565
<0
<0
403
2632
3859
0.49
47
549
1064
4207
0.11
11
600
1181
1980
0.31
30
640
1267
2218
0.43
41
652
1382
2416
0.90
87
684
1588
2621
0.75
72
702
1472
2850
0.55
53
710
1617
2747
1.05
101
720
1744
2997
1.14
110
804
1894
3177
0.56
54

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
55
Cs
56
Ba
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
87
Fr
88
Ra
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U

3rd ionization
potential (eV)
34.83
37.48
28.03
30.502
25.3
27.96
33
32.1

19.174
20.2
21.62
22.076
22.283
23.423
24.926
20.635
21.91
22.802
22.843
22.739
26.367
25.03
20.957
23.32

34.202
29.829
31.943
25.559

20.003

1st ionization 2nd ionization 3rd ionization Electron Electron


potential
potential
potential
Affinity Affinity
(kJ/mol)
(kJ/mol)
(kJ/mol)
(eV)
(kJ/mol)
731
2073
3361
1.30
125
868
1631
3616
<0
<0
558
1821
2704
0.30
29
709
1412
2943
1.11
107
834
1595
2441
1.07
103
869
1795
2698
1.97
190
1008
1846
3184
3.06
295
1170
2046
3097
<0
<0
376
2422
0.47
45
503
965
0.15
14
538
1067
1850
0.50
48
534
1047
1949
527
1018
2086
533
1035
2130
535
1052
2150
545
1068
2260
547
1085
2405
593
1167
1991
569
1112
2114
573
1126
2200
581
1139
2204
589
1151
2194
597
1163
2544
603
1176
2415
524
1340
2022
659
1440
2250
0.00
0
761
0.32
31
770
0.86
83
760
0.15
14
839
1.10
106
878
1.57
151
868
1791
2.13
206
890
1980
2.31
223
1007
1810
3300
<0
<0
589
1971
2878
0.20
19
716
1450
3082
0.36
35
703
1610
2466
0.95
92
812
1.90
183
917
2.80
270
1037
<0
<0
380
0.46
44
509
979
499
1170
587
1110
1930
568
598

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

3rd ionization
potential (eV)

1st ionization 2nd ionization 3rd ionization Electron Electron


potential
potential
potential
Affinity Affinity
(kJ/mol)
(kJ/mol)
(kJ/mol)
(eV)
(kJ/mol)
605
585
578
581
601
608
619
627
635
642

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
1
H
2
He
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd

common
ions
Predicted
Observed
atomic
oxidation commonly Electron
Electron
radius
states
formed Configuration Configuration
()
1
1 1s1
1s1
0.79
0
1s2
1s2
0.49
+1
+1 [He] 2s1
[He] 2s1
2.05
+2
+2 [He] 2s2
[He] 2s2
1.4
+3
+3 [He] 2s2 2p1
[He] 2s2 2p1
1.17
4
4 [He] 2s2 2p2
[He] 2s2 2p2
0.91
3
3 [He] 2s2 2p3
[He] 2s2 2p3
0.75
2
2 [He] 2s2 2p4
[He] 2s2 2p4
0.65
1
1 [He] 2s2 2p5
[He] 2s2 2p5
0.57
0
[He] 2s2 2p6
[He] 2s2 2p6
0.51
+1
+1 [Ne] 3s1
[Ne] 3s1
2.23
+2
+2 [Ne] 3s2
[Ne] 3s2
1.72
+3
+3 [Ne] 3s2 3p1
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
1.82
4
4 [Ne] 3s2 3p2
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
1.46
3
3 [Ne] 3s2 3p3
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
1.23
2
2 [Ne] 3s2 3p4
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
1.09
1
1 [Ne] 3s2 3p5
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
0.97
0
[Ne] 3s2 3p6
[Ne] 3s2 3p6
0.88
+1
+1 [Ar] 4s1
[Ar] 4s1
2.77
+2
+2 [Ar] 4s2
[Ar] 4s2
2.23
+3
+3 [Ar] 4s2 3d1
[Ar] 4s2 3d1
2.09
+4,3,2
+4,3,2 [Ar] 4s2 3d2
[Ar] 4s2 3d2
2
+5,2,3,4
+5,2,3,4 [Ar] 4s2 3d3
[Ar] 4s2 3d3
1.92
+3,2,6
+3,2,6 [Ar] 4s2 3d4
[Ar] 4s1 3d5
1.85
+2,3,4,6,7 +2,3,4,6,7 [Ar] 4s2 3d5
[Ar] 4s2 3d5
1.79
+3,2
+3,2 [Ar] 4s2 3d6
[Ar] 4s2 3d6
1.72
+2,3
+2,3 [Ar] 4s2 3d7
[Ar] 4s2 3d7
1.67
+2,3
+2,3 [Ar] 4s2 3d8
[Ar] 4s2 3d8
1.62
+2,1
+2,1 [Ar] 4s2 3d9
[Ar] 4s1 3d10 1.57
+2
+2 [Ar] 4s2 3d10
[Ar] 4s2 3d10 1.53
+3
+3 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4 1.81
+4,2
+4,2 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4 1.52
3,+5
3 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4 1.33
+4,2,+6
2 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4 1.22
1,+5
1 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4 1.12
0
[Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4 1.03
+1
+1 [Kr] 5s2
[Kr] 5s2
2.98
+2
+2 [Kr] 5s2
[Kr] 5s2
2.45
+3
+3 [Kr] 5s2 4d1
[Kr] 5s2 4d1
2.27
+4
+4 [Kr] 5s2 4d2
[Kr] 5s2 4d2
2.16
+5,3
+5,3 [Kr] 5s2 4d3
[Kr] 5s1 4d4
2.08
+6,3,5
+6,3,5 [Kr] 5s2 4d4
[Kr] 5s1 4d5
2.01
+7,4,6
+7,4,6 [Kr] 5s2 4d5
[Kr] 5s2 4d5
1.95
+4,3,6,8
+4,3,6,8 [Kr] 5s2 4d6
[Kr] 5s1 4d7
1.89
+3,4,6
+3,4,6 [Kr] 5s2 4d7
[Kr] 5s1 4d8
1.83
+2,4
+2,4 [Kr] 5s2 4d8
[Kr] (5s0) 4d10 1.79

ionic
radius
()
1.54
0.76
0.45
0.23
0.16
1.71
1.4
1.33
1.02
0.72
0.54
0.26
0.17
0.29
1.81
1.51
1
0.75
0.61
0.54
0.62
0.67
0.55
0.65
0.69
0.73
0.74
0.62
0.53
0.58
0.5
1.96
1.61
1.26
1.02
0.84
0.64
0.59
0.62
0.67
0.64

covalent
radius
()
0.32
0.93
1.23
0.9
0.82
0.77
0.75
0.73
0.72
0.71
1.54
1.36
1.18
1.11
1.06
1.02
0.99
0.98
2.03
1.74
1.44
1.32
1.22
1.18
1.17
1.17
1.16
1.15
1.17
1.25
1.26
1.22
1.2
1.16
1.14
1.12
2.16
1.91
1.62
1.45
1.67
1.3
1.27
1.25
1.25
1.28

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
55
Cs
56
Ba
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
87
Fr
88
Ra
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U

common
ions
Predicted
Observed
atomic
oxidation commonly Electron
Electron
radius
states
formed Configuration Configuration
()
+1
+1 [Kr] 5s2 4d9
[Kr] 5s1 4d10 1.75
+2
+2 [Kr] 5s2 4d10
[Kr] 5s2 4d10 1.71
+3
+3 [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5 2
+4,2
+4,2 [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5 1.72
+3,5
+3,5 [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5 1.53
+4,6,2
2 [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5 1.43
1,+5,7
1 [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5 1.32
0
[Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5 1.24
+1
+1 [Xe] 6s1
[Xe] 6s1
3.34
+2
+2 [Xe] 6s2
[Xe] 6s2
2.78
+3
+3 [Xe] 6s2 4f1
[Xe] 6s2 4f1
2.74
+3,4
+3,4 [Xe] 6s2 4f2
[Xe] 6s2 4f2
2.7
+3,4
+3,4 [Xe] 6s2 4f3
[Xe] 6s2 4f3
2.67
+3
+3 [Xe] 6s2 4f4
[Xe] 6s2 4f4
2.64
+3
+3 [Xe] 6s2 4f5
[Xe] 6s2 4f5
2.62
+3,2
+3,2 [Xe] 6s2 4f6
[Xe] 6s2 4f6
2.59
+3,2
+3,2 [Xe] 6s2 4f7
[Xe] 6s2 4f7
2.56
+3
+3 [Xe] 6s2 4f8
[Xe] 6s2 4f8
2.54
+3,4
+3,4 [Xe] 6s2 4f9
[Xe] 6s2 4f9
2.51
+3
+3 [Xe] 6s2 4f10
[Xe] 6s2 4f10 2.49
+3
+3 [Xe] 6s2 4f11
[Xe] 6s2 4f11 2.47
+3
+3 [Xe] 6s2 4f12
[Xe] 6s2 4f12 2.45
+3,2
+3,2 [Xe] 6s2 4f13
[Xe] 6s2 4f13 2.42
+3,2
+3,2 [Xe] 6s2 4f14
[Xe] 6s2 4f14 2.4
+3
+3 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 2.25
+4
+4 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 2.16
+5
+5 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 2.09
+6,4
+6,4 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 2.02
+7,4,6
+7,4,6 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.97
+4,6,8
+4,6,8 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.92
+4,3,6
+4,3,6 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.87
+4,2
+4,2 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.83
+3,1
+3,1 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.79
+2,1
+2,1 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.76
+1,3
+1,3 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 2.08
+2,4
+2,4 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.81
+3,5
+3,5 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.63
+4,2
+4,2 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.53
[Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.43
0
[Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5 1.34
+1
+1 [Rn] 7s1
[Rn] 7s1
+2
+2 [Rn] 7s2
[Rn] 7s2
+3
+3 [Rn] 7s2 5f1
[Rn] 7s2 5f1
+4
+4 [Rn] 7s2 5f2
[Rn] 7s2 5f2
+5,4
+5,4 [Rn] 7s2 5f3
[Rn] 7s2 5f3
+6,3,4,5
+6,3,4,5 [Rn] 7s2 5f4
[Rn] 7s2 5f4

ionic
radius
()
1.15
0.95
0.8
0.71
0.76
0.97
2.2
1.74
1.42
1.16
1.14
1.13
1.07
1.08
1.07
1.05
1.18
1.03
1
1.09
0.99
0.98
0.83
0.64
0.6
0.53
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.85
1.02
1.59
1.19
1.03

covalent
radius
()
1.34
1.48
1.44
1.41
1.4
1.36
1.33
1.31
2.35
1.98
1.69
1.65
1.65
1.64
1.63
1.62
1.85
1.61
1.59
1.59
1.58
1.57
1.56
1.74
1.56
1.44
1.34
1.3
1.28
1.26
1.27
1.3
1.34
1.49
1.48
1.47
1.46
1.46
1.45

1.62
1.05

1.65

0.81

1.42

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

common
ions
Predicted
Observed
atomic
oxidation commonly Electron
Electron
radius
states
formed Configuration Configuration
()
+5,3,4,6
+5,3,4,6 [Rn] 7s2 5f5
[Rn] 7s2 5f5
+4,3,5,6
+4,3,5,6 [Rn] 7s2 5f6
[Rn] 7s2 5f6
+3,4,5,6
+3,4,5,6 [Rn] 7s2 5f7
[Rn] 7s2 5f7
+3
+3 [Rn] 7s2 5f8
[Rn] 7s2 5f8
+3,4
+3,4 [Rn] 7s2 5f9
[Rn] 7s2 5f9
+3
+3 [Rn] 7s2 5f10
[Rn] 7s2 5f10
+3
+3 [Rn] 7s2 5f11
[Rn] 7s2 5f11
+3
+3 [Rn] 7s2 5f12
[Rn] 7s2 5f12
+3,2
+3,2 [Rn] 7s2 5f13
[Rn] 7s2 5f13
+2,3
+2,3 [Rn] 7s2 5f14
[Rn] 7s2 5f14
+3
+3 [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d1
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d2
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d3
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d4
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d5
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d6
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d7
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d8
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d9
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6 [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10 7p1
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6 [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10 7p2
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6 [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10 7p3
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6 [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10 7p4

ionic
radius
()

covalent
radius
()

[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6 [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10 7p6

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
1
H
2
He
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd

radius
(2- ion)
(pm)

radius
(1- ion)
(pm)

126
119

170
167

184
182

atomic
atomic
radius
radius
radius
volume
radius
(1+ ion) (2+ ion) (3+ ion) (cm^3/m
(pm)
(pm)
(pm)
(pm)
ol)
37.1
14.4
31
19.5
152
90
13.1
112
59
5
85
41 4.6
77.2
4.58
70
30 17.3
73
14
72
12.6
71
17.3
186
116
23.7
160
86
13.97
143
67.5 10
117.6
12.1
110
58 17
103
15.5
100
16.9
98
23.9
227
152
45.46
197
114
25.9
162
88.5 15
147
100
81 10.64
134
93
78 8.78
128
90.5
75.5 7.23
127
89
75.3 7.39
126
83.5
73.8 7.1
125
83.8
71.8 6.7
124
83
72 6.59
128
91
87
68 7.1
134
88
9.2
135
76 11.8
122.3
87
13.6
120
72 13.1
119
16.45
114
25.6
112
38.9
248
166
55.9
215
132
33.7
180
104 19.8
160
14.1
146
86 10.87
139
83 9.4
136
8.5
134
82 8.3
134
80.5 8.3
137
100
90 8.9

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
55
Cs
56
Ba
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
87
Fr
88
Ra
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U

radius
(2- ion)
(pm)

radius
(1- ion)
(pm)

207
206

atomic
atomic
radius
radius
radius
volume
radius
(1+ ion) (2+ ion) (3+ ion) (cm^3/m
(pm)
(pm)
(pm)
(pm)
ol)
144
129
108
89 10.3
151
109
13.1
167
94 15.7
140.5
16.3
140
90 18.23
142
20.5
133
25.74
131
37.3
265
181
71.07
222
149
39.24
187
117.2 20.73
182
115 20.67
182
113 20.8
181
112.3 20.6
183
111 22.39
180
109.8 19.95
208
131
108.7 28.9
180
107.8 19.9
177
106.3 19.2
178
121
105.2 19
176
104.1 18.8
176
103 18.4
176
117
102 18.1
193
116
100.8 24.79
174
100.1 17.78
159
13.6
146
86 10.9
139
9.53
137
8.85
135
8.49
136
82 8.54
139
94
9.1
144
151
99 10.2
151
133
116
14.82
170
164
102.5 17.2
146
133
18.17
150
117 21.3
168
22.23
50.5
194
162
179
163
156

45.2
126 22.54
19.9
118 15
116.5 12.59

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

radius
(2- ion)
(pm)

radius
(1- ion)
(pm)

atomic
radius
radius
(1+ ion)
(pm)
(pm)
155
159
173
174
170
186
186

radius
radius
(2+ ion) (3+ ion)
(pm)
(pm)
124
115
114
111.5
111
110
109

atomic
volume
(cm^3/m
ol)
11.62
12.32
17.86
18.28

124

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
crystal structure
1
H
hexagonal
2
He
hexagonal
3
Li
cubic: body centered
4
Be
hexagonal
5
B
rhombohedral
6
C
hexagonal
7
N
hexagonal
8
O
cubic
9
F
cubic
10
Ne
cubic: face centered
11
Na
cubic: body centered
12
Mg
hexagonal
13
Al
cubic: face centered
14
Si
cubic: face centered
15
P
monoclinic
16
S
orthorhombic
17
Cl
orthorhombic
18
Ar
cubic: face centered
19
K
cubic: body centered
20
Ca
cubic: face centered
21
Sc
hexagonal
22
Ti
hexagonal
23
V
cubic: body centered
24
Cr
cubic: body centered
25
Mn
cubic: body centered
26
Fe
cubic: body centered
27
Co
hexagonal
28
Ni
cubic: face centered
29
Cu
cubic: face centered
30
Zn
hexagonal
31
Ga
orthorhombic
32
Ge
cubic: face centered
33
As
rhombohedral
34
Se
hexagonal
35
Br
orthorhombic
36
Kr
cubic: face centered
37
Rb
cubic: body centered
38
Sr
cubic: face centered
39
Y
hexagonal
40
Zr
hexagonal
41
Nb
cubic: body centered
42
Mo
cubic: body centered
43
Tc
hexagonal
44
Ru
hexagonal
45
Rh
cubic: face centered
46
Pd
cubic: face centered

CAS
Registry
No.
1333-74-0
7440-59-7
7439-93-2
7440-41-7
7440-42-8
7440-44-0
77727-37-9
7782-44-7
7782-41-4
7440-01-9
7440-23-5
7439-95-4
7429-90-5
7440-21-3
7723-14-0
7704-34-9
7782-50-5
7440-37-1
7440-09-7
7440-70-2
7440-20-2
7440-32-6
7440-62-2
7440-47-3
7439-96-5
7439-89-6
7440-48-4
7440-02-0
7440-50-8
7440-66-6
7440-55-3
7440-56-2
7440-38-2
7782-49-2
7726-95-6
7439-90-9
7440-17-7
7440-24-6
7440-65-5
7440-67-7
7440-03-1
7439-98-7
7440-26-8
7440-18-8
7440-16-6
7440-05-3

electrical
conductivity
(mho/cm)

0.108
0.313
1E-012
0.00061

0.21
0.226
0.377
2.52E-012
1E-017
5E-024

0.139
0.298
0.0177
0.0234
0.0489
0.0774
0.00695
0.0993
0.172
0.143
0.596
0.166
0.0678
1.45E-008
0.0345
1E-012

0.0779
0.0762
0.0166
0.0236
0.0693
0.187
0.067
0.137
0.211
0.095

specific
heat (J/g
K)
14.304
5.193
3.6
1.82
1.02
0.71
1.04
0.92
0.82
0.904
1.23
1.02
0.9
0.71
0.77
0.71
0.48
0.52
0.75
0.63
0.6
0.52
0.49
0.45
0.48
0.44
0.42
0.44
0.38
0.39
0.37
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.473
0.248
0.363
0.3
0.3
0.27
0.26
0.25
0.21
0.238
0.242
0.24

heat of
heat of
fusion vaporization
(kJ/mol)
(kJ/mol)
0.05868 0.44936
0.0845
3
145.92
12.2
292.4
50.2
489.7
355.8
0.3604
2.7928
0.22259 3.4099
0.2552
3.2698
0.3317
1.7326
2.598
96.96
8.954
127.4
10.79
293.4
50.55
384.22
0.657
12.129
1.7175
3.23
10.2
1.188
6.447
2.334
79.87
8.54
153.3
14.1
314.2
15.45
421
20.9
0.452
16.9
344.3
12.05
266
13.8
349.6
16.19
376.5
17.47
370.4
13.05
300.3
7.322
115.3
5.59
258.7
36.94
330.9
34.76
6.694
37.7
5.286
15.438
1.638
9.029
2.192
72.216
8.3
144
11.4
363
16.9
58.2
26.4
682
32
598
24
660
24
595
21.5
493
17.6
357

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
crystal structure
47
Ag
cubic: face centered
48
Cd
hexagonal
49
In
tetragonal
50
Sn
tetragonal
51
Sb
rhombohedral
52
Te
hexagonal
53
I
orthorhombic
54
Xe
cubic: face centered
55
Cs
cubic: body centered
56
Ba
cubic: body centered
57
La
hexagonal
58
Ce
cubic: face centered
59
Pr
hexagonal
60
Nd
hexagonal
61
Pm
hexagonal
62
Sm
rhombohedral
63
Eu
cubic: body centered
64
Gd
hexagonal
65
Tb
hexagonal
66
Dy
hexagonal
67
Ho
hexagonal
68
Er
hexagonal
69
Tm
hexagonal
70
Yb
cubic: face centered
71
Lu
hexagonal
72
Hf
hexagonal
73
Ta
cubic: body centered
74
W
cubic: body centered
75
Re
hexagonal
76
Os
hexagonal
77
Ir
cubic: face centered
78
Pt
cubic: face centered
79
Au
cubic: face centered
80
Hg
rhombohedral
81
Tl
hexagonal
82
Pb
cubic: face centered
83
Bi
rhombohedral
84
Po
monoclinic
85
At
86
Rn
cubic: face centered
87
Fr
cubic: body centered
88
Ra
cubic: body centered
89
Ac
cubic: face centered
90
Th
cubic: face centered
91
Pa
orthorhombic
92
U
orthorhombic

CAS
Registry
No.
7440-22-4
7440-43-9
7440-74-6
7440-31-5
7440-36-0
13494-80-9
7553-56-2
7440-63-3
7440-46-2
7440-39-3
7439-91-0
7440-45-1
7440-10-0
7440-00-8
7440-12-2
7440-19-9
7440-53-3
7440-54-2
7440-27-9
7429-91-6
7440-60-0
7440-52-0
7440-30-4
7440-64-4
7439-94-3
7440-58-6
7440-25-7
7440-33-7
7440-15-5
7440-04-02
7439-88-5
7440-06-4
7440-57-5
7439-97-6
7440-28-0
7439-92-1
7440-69-9
7440-08-6
7440-68-8
10043-92-2
7440-73-5
7440-14-4
7440-34-8
7440-29-1
7440-13-3
7440-61-1

electrical
conductivity
(mho/cm)
0.63
0.138
0.116
0.0917
0.0288
0.000002
8E-016
0.0489
0.03
0.0126
0.0115
0.0148
0.0157
0.00956
0.00112
0.00736
0.00889
0.0108
0.0124
0.0117
0.015
0.0351
0.0185
0.0312
0.0761
0.189
0.0542
0.109
0.197
0.0966
0.452
0.0104
0.0617
0.0481
0.00867
0.0219

specific
heat (J/g
K)
0.235
0.23
0.23
0.227
0.21
0.2
0.214
0.158
0.24
0.204
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.18
0.2
0.18
0.23
0.18
0.17
0.16
0.17
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.14
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.128
0.139
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.12

heat of
fusion
(kJ/mol)
11.3
6.192
3.263
7.029
19.87
17.49
7.824
2.297
2.092
7.75
6.2
5.46
6.89
7.14

heat of
vaporization
(kJ/mol)
250.58
99.57
231.5
295.8
77.14
52.55
20.752
12.636
67.74
142
414
414
296.8
273

8.63
9.21
10.05
10.8
11.06
12.2
19.9
16.84
7.66
18.6
24.06
31.6
35.4
33.2
31.8
26.1
19.6
12.55
2.295
4.142
4.799
11.3

166.4
143.5
359.4
330.9
230.1
241
261
191
128.9
355.9
575
743
824
715
746
604
510
334.4
59.229
164.1
177.7
104.8

0.09

2.89

16.4

16.1
12.3
8.52

514.4

0.03
0.12
0.0653
0.0529
0.038

0.12
0.12
0.12

477

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
atomic atomic
#
symbol
crystal structure
93
Np
orthorhombic
94
Pu
monoclinic
95
Am
hexagonal
96
Cm
hexagonal
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

CAS
Registry
No.
7439-99-8
7440-07-5
7440-35-9
7440-51-9
7440-40-6
7440-71-3
7429-92-7
7440-72-4
7440-11-1
10028-14-5
22537-19-5
53850-36-5
53850-35-4
54038-81-2
54037-14-8
54037-57-9
54038-01-6
54083-77-1
54386-24-2
54084-26-3
54084-70-7
54085-16-4
54085-64-2
54100-71-9
87658-56-8
54144-19-3

electrical
specific
heat of
heat of
conductivity heat (J/g
fusion vaporization
(mho/cm)
K)
(kJ/mol)
(kJ/mol)
0.00822
0.12
5.19
0.00666
0.13
2.84
344
0.022
0.11
14.4
15

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
thermal
mg/kg in
% human
atomic atomic conductivity Earth's
mg/L in
body
#
symbol
(W/(m K))
crust
seawater
mass
Notes
1
H
0.1815
1400
108000
10
2
He
0.152
0.008
7E-016
3
Li
84.7
20
0.18
4
Be
200
2.8 5.6E-006
5
B
27
10
4.44 0.00007 sublimes
6
C
129
200
28
23 graphite
7
N
0.02598
19
50
2.6
8
O
0.02674
461000
857000
61
9
F
0.0279
585
1.3
0.0033
10
Ne
0.0493
0.005 0.00012
11
Na
141
0.000236
10800
0.14
12
Mg
156
23300
1290
0.027
13
Al
237
82300
0.002 0.00009
14
Si
148
282000
2.2
0.026
15
P
0.235
1050
0.06
1.1 white
16
S
0.269
350
905
0.2 yellow
17
Cl
0.0089
145
19400
0.12
18
Ar
0.01772
3.5
0.45
19
K
102.4
20900
399
0.2
20
Ca
200
41500
412
1.4
21
Sc
15.8
22 6.0E-007
22
Ti
21.9
5650
0.001
23
V
30.7
120
0.0025
24
Cr
93.7
102
0.0003 0.000003
25
Mn
7.82
950
0.0002 0.00002
26
Fe
80.2
56300
0.002
0.006
27
Co
100
25 0.00002 0.000002
28
Ni
90.7
84 5.6E-014 0.00001
29
Cu
401
60 2.5E-014
0.0001
30
Zn
116
70
0.0049
0.0033
31
Ga
40.6
19 0.00003
32
Ge
59.9
1.5 0.00005
33
As
50
1.8
0.0037
sublimes (28 atm)
34
Se
2.04
0.05
0.0002
35
Br
0.122
2.4
67.3 0.00029
36
Kr
0.00949
0.0001 0.00021
37
Rb
58.2
90
0.12 0.00046
38
Sr
35.3
370
7.2 0.00046
39
Y
17.2
33 0.000013
40
Zr
22.7
165 0.00003
41
Nb
53.7
20 0.00001
42
Mo
138
1.2
0.01 0.00001
43
Tc
50.6
44
Ru
117
0.001 7.0E-007
45
Rh
150
0.001
46
Pd
71.8
0.015

source
color
Water, met colorless
Natural gascolorless
Spodumenesilvery
Beryl (silic steel gray
Na and Ca black
Coal,Petro black
Air
colorless
Air
colorless
Fluorite (m colorless
Air
colorless
Halite (mis silvery
Seawater, silvery
Bauxite (oxsilvery
Quartz (oxi gray-black
Apatite (ph white-yello
Sulfur,pyri yellow(pale
Halite, brin greenish-ye
Air
colorless
Sylvite, car silvery-whi
Calcite (ox silvery-whi
U extractn silvery-whi
Ilmenite, rugray
U, Pb vanabright whit
Chromite (osilvery-whi
Pyrolusite, gray-white
Hematite,mgray
Co sulfidesbluish-whit
sulfides, oxsilvery-whi
Cu pyrite,c orange-red
Sphalerite (silvery
Bauxite (oxsilvery-blue
Zn smeltin gray-black
Arsenopyritgray
Cu smeltin black
Seawater, red-brown
Air
colorless
Li extractn silvery-whi
Celestite (ssilvery
xenotime ( silvery
Zircon (sili grayish-whi
columbite ( silvery-whi
Molybdenitesilvery-whi
Synthetic ( silvery gray
nickel ores silvery-whi
nickel ores silvery-whi
nickel ores silvery-whi

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
thermal
mg/kg in
% human
atomic atomic conductivity Earth's
mg/L in
body
#
symbol
(W/(m K))
crust
seawater
mass
47
Ag
429
0.075 0.00004
48
Cd
96.8
0.15 0.00011 0.00007
49
In
81.6
0.25
0.002
50
Sn
66.6
2.3 0.000004 0.00002
51
Sb
24.3
0.2 0.00024
52
Te
2.35
0.001
53
I
0.449
0.45
0.06 0.00002
54
Xe
0.00569
0.00003 0.00005
55
Cs
59
3
0.0003 0.000002
56
Ba
18.4
425
0.013 0.00003
57
La
13.5
39 3.4E-006
58
Ce
11.4
66.5 1.2E-006
59
Pr
12.5
9.2 6.4E-007
60
Nd
16.5
41.5 2.8E-006
61
Pm
17.9
62
Sm
13.3
7.05 4.5E-007
63
Eu
13.9
2 1.3E-007
64
Gd
10.6
6.2 7.0E-007
65
Tb
11.1
1.2 1.4E-007
66
Dy
10.7
5.2 9.1E-007
67
Ho
16.2
1.3 2.2E-007
68
Er
14.3
3.5 8.7E-007
69
Tm
16.8
0.52 1.7E-007
70
Yb
34.9
3.2 8.2E-007
71
Lu
16.4
0.8 1.5E-007
72
Hf
23
3 0.000007
73
Ta
57.5
2 0.000002
74
W
174
1.25
0.0001
75
Re
47.9
0.0007 0.000004
76
Os
87.6
0.0015
77
Ir
147
0.001
78
Pt
71.6
0.005
79
Au
317
0.004
0.004 0.00001
80
Hg
8.34
0.085 0.00003
81
Tl
46.1
0.85 0.000019
82
Pb
35.3
0.14 0.00003 0.00017
83
Bi
7.87
0.0085 0.00002
84
Po
20
2E-010 1.4E-014
85
At
1.7
86
Rn
0.00364
4E-013
6E-016
87
Fr
15
88
Ra
18.6
9.0E-007 8.9E-011
89
Ac
12
5.5E-010
90
Th
54
9.6 0.000001
91
Pa
47
1.4E-006
5E-011
92
U
27.6
2.7
0.0032 1.0E-007

Notes

source
color
Argentite (ssilvery
Sphalerite (bluish-whit
Zn/Pb smelsilvery-whi
Cassiterite silvery-whi
Stibnite (subluish-whit
Zn/Pb smelsilvery
Brines, Chi bluish-blac
Air
colorless
Li extractn yellow/silve
Barite (sulf silvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-white
Synthetic silvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-white
Monazite(psilvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-white
Monazite(psilvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-white
Monazite(psilvery-white
Monazite(psilvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-whi
Monazite(psilvery-white
Zircon (sili silvery
Tantalite (o gray
Scheelite,wbluish-gray
Molybdenitesilvery-whi
nickel ores bluish-whit
nickel ores white
nickel ores silvery-whi
Gold, gold golden yel
Cinnabar (ssilvery-whi
Zn/Pb smelbluish-gray
Galena (sulgray
Pb smeltin white
pitchblendeblue glow
Synthetic(Th or U dec
Synthetic( colorless
Synthetic(U-235 decay
pitchblend white
Synthetic( silvery-whi
Monazite(pwhite
Synthetic( silvery
Uranite (ox silvery

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
thermal
mg/kg in
% human
atomic atomic conductivity Earth's
mg/L in
body
#
symbol
(W/(m K))
crust
seawater
mass
93
Np
6.3
94
Pu
6.74
95
Am
10
96
Cm
10
97
Bk
10
98
Cf
10
99
Es
10
100
Fm
10
101
Md
10
102
No
10
103
Lr
10
104
Rf
23
105
Db
58
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

Notes

source
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic
Synthetic

color
silvery
silvery
silvery-whi
silvery-whi
silvery

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
reaction reaction reaction
atomic atomic character
hardness
reaction
with
with 6M with 15M
#
symbol istics
structure (mohs)
uses
with air
water
HCl
HNO3
1
H
diatomic,den
hcp: hexagonal close rocket fuel vigorous, none
none
none
2
He
Inert, dens<air at r.t.
cryogenics,none
none
none
none
3
Li
soft, lightesbcc: body0.6 batteries, l vigorous, mild, =>H2 vigorous, = vigorous,
4
Be
toxic
hcp: hexagonal close Cu alloys, vigorous, none
mild, =>H2 none
5
B
B12 icosahspecial: B
9.5 borax, gla mild, w/ht none
none
none
6
C
6 forms: g hexagonal
0.8 fuel(coal), vigorous, none
none
mild,w/ht
7
N
diatomic(N2)
fertilizer, none
none
none
none
8
O
diatomic,2 forms: O2, O3
rocket fuel, none
none
none
none
9
F
diatomic(F2layers of F2
fluorocarbonone
vigorous, vigorous, =>HF, OF2,
10
Ne
Inert, dens<fcc: face-centered cub Neon signsnone
none
none
none
11
Na
soft
bcc: body0.4 lamps, tabl vigorous, vigorous, vigorous, vigorous,
12
Mg
burns brighhcp: hexag
2 alloys, flas vigorous, mild, w/ht mild, =>H2 vigorous,
13
Al
passivated:fcc: face-c
2.8 Al cans & fomild, w/ht none
mild, =>H2,passivated
14
Si
semimetal diamond
7 comp chip,lmild, =>Si none
none
none
15
P
(P4) pyrophspecial: P4
0.5 fertilizer, vigorous,= none
none
mild, =>NO
16
S
(S8)brittle, S8 rings
2 rubber, bat vigorous, none
none
mild, =>H
17
Cl
diatomic(Cllayers of Cl2
bleach (Na none
mild,=>HOCl
mild, =>HOC
mild, =>HC
18
Ar
Inert
fcc: face-centered cub lasers, ligh none
none
none
none
19
K
soft
bcc: body0.5 fertilizer, vigorous, vigorous, vigorous, vigorous,
20
Ca
burns brighhcp: hexag
1.5 lime, ceme vigorous, mild, =>H2 vigorous, vigorous,
21
Sc
soft
hcp: hexagonal close no signific vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Sc(NO3)3
22
Ti
max strengthcp: hexagonal close steel,white mild, w/ht none
none
passivated
23
V
soft
bcc: body-centered cu tool steel, mild, w/ht none
none
mild
24
Cr
hard
bcc: body9 CrO2 tape, none
none
mild, =>H2 passivated
25
Mn
hard, brittl special:com
5 steel, dry mild, w/ht none
mild, =>H2 mild, =>Mn(NO3)2, N
26
Fe
fairly soft bcc: body4.5 steel
mild, =>Fe none
mild, =>H2 passivated
27
Co
hard
hcp: hexagonal close magnets, Cmild, w/ht none
mild, =>H2 vigorous, =>Co(NO3)2
28
Ni
hard, takesfcc: face-centered cub alloys, coinmild, w/ht none
mild, =>H2,passivated
29
Cu
soft, ductil fcc: face-c
2.75 wire, bronz mild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>Cu(NO3)2, NO
30
Zn
brittle
distorted h
2.5 batteries, vigorous, none
mild, =>H2 vigorous,
31
Ga
melts near special: c
1.5 photocells, mild, =>G none
mild, =>GaCl3, H2
32
Ge
semimetal, diamond
transistor, mild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>Ge
33
As
semimetal,brhombohed
3.5 photocells mild, w/ht none
none
mild, w/ht
34
Se
6 forms
parallel ch
2 Xerographyvigorous, w/ht =>SeO none
mild, =>H2SeO3, NOx
35
Br
diatomic,colayers of Br2
pesticides none
none, dissonone, dissolves Br2(aq
36
Kr
unreactive fcc: face-centered cub lamps, UV- none
none
none
none
37
Rb
soft
bcc: body0.3 photocells vigorous, vigorous, vigorous, vigorous,
38
Sr
tarnishes hcp: hexag
1.8 fireworks ( vigorous, mild, =>H2 vigorous, vigorous,
39
Y
forms protehcp: hexagonal close YAG laser, vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 vigorous, =>Y(NO3)3
40
Zr
hard, relati hcp: hexagonal close deodorants,mild, w/ht none
none
passivated
41
Nb
soft
bcc: body-centered cu stainless s none, w/ht none
none
42
Mo
very hard bcc: body-centered cu catalysts, t none, w/h none
none
43
Tc
Radioactiv hcp: hexagonal close medical im mild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>HTcO4
44
Ru
hard
hcp: hexag
6.5 catalysts none belownone
none
none
45
Rh
forms hard fcc: face-centered cub catalysts, none, w/ht none
none
none
46
Pd
absorbs H2fcc: face-c
4.8 catalysts, mild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>Pd

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
reaction reaction reaction
atomic atomic character
hardness
reaction
with
with 6M with 15M
#
symbol istics
structure (mohs)
uses
with air
water
HCl
HNO3
47
Ag
soft, ductil fcc: face-c
3.25 film(AgBr), mild, =>Ag none
none
mild, =>AgNO3
48
Cd
soft
distorted h
2 battery,yel mild, w/ht none
mild, =>H2 mild, =>Cd
49
In
soft
distorted fc
1.2 transistors mild, =>In2O3
mild, =>H2,mild, =>In
50
Sn
resists cor distorted
1.65 solder, pewmild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>Sn
51
Sb
brittle; 5 f rhombohed
3.15 Pb alloy(bamild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>S
52
Te
semimetal parallel ch
2.3 semiconduct
mild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>Te(IV)
53
I
diatomic layers of I2
nutrient, annone
none, dissonone
mild, =>HI
54
Xe
unreactive fcc: face-centered cub UV-laser, h none
none
none
none
55
Cs
softest met bcc: body0.2 photocells, vigorous, vigorous, vigorous, vigorous,
56
Ba
soft
bcc: body-centered cu X-ray imag vigorous,w vigorous, vigorous, mild, =>Ba
57
La
soft, malle cp: close packed (AB lighter flin vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>La(NO3)3
58
Ce
malleable fcc: face-centered cub self-clean vigorous, mild, =>H2 vigorous, mild, =>Ce(NO3)3
59
Pr
soft
cp: close packed (AB alloys, Wel vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Pr(NO3)3
60 silvery-white
Nd
cp: close packed (AB alloys, Wel vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Nd(NO3)3
61
Pm
Radioactiv cp: close packed (AB nuclear batvigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Pm(NO3)3
62 silvery-white
Sm
cp: cls pkd (ABCBCA alloys, he vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Sm(NO3)3
63
Eu
hard
bcc: body-centered cu alloys, col vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Eu(NO3)3
64 silvery-white
Gd
hcp: hexagonal close alloys, CD vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Gd(NO3)3
65
Tb
soft
hcp: hexagonal close alloys
vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Tb(NO3)3
66
Dy
neutron ab hcp: hexagonal close alloys, CD vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Dy(NO3)3
67 silvery-white
Ho
hcp: hexagonal close alloys
vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Ho(NO3)3
68 silvery-white
Er
hcp: hexagonal close alloys, photvigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Er(NO3)3
69
Tm
soft
hcp: hexagonal close alloys
vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Tm(NO3)3
70
Yb
soft
fcc: face-centered cub alloys
vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Yb(NO3)3
71 silvery-white
Lu
hcp: hexagonal close alloys
vigorous, mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Lu(NO3)3
72
Hf
hard
hcp: hexagonal close nuclear conmild, w/ht, none
none
passivated
73
Ta
hard, inert bcc: body-centered cu surg. impla none
none
none
none
74
W
highest melbcc: body-centered cu WC drill bit none, w/h none
none
75
Re
high meltin hcp: hexagonal close catalysts, mild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>HReO4
76
Os
hard, densehcp: hexag
7 hard alloy none
none
none
mild, =>OsO4
77
Ir
hard, denses
fcc: face-c
6.25 Pt/Ir spark none
none
none
none
78
Pt
Inert, ducti fcc: face-c
4.3 jewelry, cat none
none
none
none
79
Au
Inert, ducti fcc: face-c
2.75 jewelry, ele none
none
none
none
80
Hg
liquid at r.t. rhombohedral
amalgams, none, w/ht none
none
mild, =>NO
81
Tl
soft
hcp: hexag
1.2 IR detector mild, =>Tl mild, =>TlOH
mild, =>TlNO3
82
Pb
soft
fcc: face-c
1.5 batteries, s mild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>NOx, Pb(NO3)
83
Bi
brittle
rhombohed
2.5 antacid, fusmild, w/ht none
none
mild, =>Bi(NO3)3, NO
84
Po
Radioactivespecial: simple cubic thermoelecmild, =>Po none
mild, =>PoCl2
85
At
Radioactive
86
Rn
Radioactive,air pollutant
earthquakenone
none
none
none
87
Fr
Radioactive
vigorous, vigorous, =>H2, FrCl
88
Ra
Radioactiv bcc: body-centered cu neutron so vigorous, =>RaO2, Ra3N2
89
Ac
Radioactiv fcc: face-centered cub thermoelecmild, w/ht mild, =>H2 mild, =>H2 mild, =>Ac(NO3)3
90
Th
Radioactiv fcc: face-centered cub gas mantle mild, w/ht none
mild
passivated
91
Pa
Radioactiv fcc: face-centered cubic
none
92
U
Radioactiv hcp:hex cls pkd distor nuclear reamild, =>U mild (powd mild, =>H2 passivated

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
reaction
atomic atomic character
hardness
reaction
with
#
symbol istics
structure (mohs)
uses
with air
water
93
Np
Radioactiv special:complex
94
Pu
Radioactiv fcc: face-centered cub weapon fuel, pacemakers
95
Am
Radioactiv fcc: face-centered cub smoke detector
96
Cm
Radioactiv fcc: face-centered cub thermoelec. pwr, n source
97
Bk
Radioactiv fcc: face-centered cubic
98
Cf
Radioactive
neutron source
99
Es
Radioactive
100
Fm
Radioactive
101
Md
Radioactive
102
No
Radioactive
103
Lr
Radioactive,few atms made
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

reaction reaction
with 6M with 15M
HCl
HNO3
passivated

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
reaction
polariza
heat
atomic atomic with 6M
bility
atomization
year
#
symbol
NaOH hydride(s) oxide(s) chloride(s) (A^3)
(kJ/mol)
discovered
1
H
none
H2
H2O
HCl
0.7
218
1766
2
He
none
none
none
none
0.198
0
1895
3
Li
mild, =>H2 LiH
Li2O
LiCl
24.3
161
1817
4
Be
mild, =>H2,BeH2
BeO
BeCl2
5.6
324
1797
5
B
none
B2H6 and mB2O3
BCl3 and ma
3
573
1808
6
C
none
CH4 and maCO CO2 CCl4
1.8
717
7
N
none
NH3 N2H4 N2O NO N NCl3
1.1
473
1772
8
O
none
H2O
O2 O3
Cl2O ClO2 C
0.793
249
1774
9
F
vigorous, HF
OF2
ClF ClF3 Cl
0.634
79
1886
10
Ne
none
none
none
none
0.396
0
1898
11
Na
vigorous, NaH
Na2O
NaCl
23.6
109
1807
12
Mg
none
MgH2
MgO
MgCl2
10.6
148
1808
13
Al
mild, =>H2,AlH3
Al2O3
AlCl3Al2Cl6
8.3
326
1825
14
Si
mild, =>sili SiH4 Si2H6 SiO2
SiCl4 Si2Cl6
5.4
452
1824
15
P
mild, =>PH3PH3 P2H4 +P4O10 P4 PCl3 PCl5 P
3.6
315
1669
16
S
none
H2S
SO2 SO3 S2Cl2 SCl2
2.9
279
17
Cl
mild, =>OClHCl
Cl2O ClO2 Cl2
2.2
121
1774
18
Ar
none
none
none
none
1.586
0
1894
19
K
vigorous, KH
K2O
KCl
43.4
90
1807
20
Ca
none
CaH2
CaO
CaCl2
22.8
178
1808
21 mild,Sc
=>Sc(NO3)3
ScH2 ScH3 Sc2O3
ScCl3
17.8
378
1879
22
Ti
none
TiH2
TiO Ti2O3 TiCl2 TiCl3 T
14.6
470
1791
23
V
none
VH VH2
VO V2O3 VCl2 VCl3 V
12.4
514
1830
24 passivated
Cr
CrH
Cr2O3 CrOCrCl2 CrCl3
11.6
397
1798
25 mild,Mn
=>Mn(NO3)2, N none
MnO Mn3OMnCl2
9.4
281
1774
26 passivated
Fe
none
FeO Fe3O4FeCl2 FeCl3
8.4
418
27 vigorous,
Co =>Co(NO3)2none
CoO Co3OCoCl2
7.5
425
1737
28
Ni
none
NiH
NiO
NiCl2
6.8
430
1751
29 mild,Cu
=>Cu(NO3)2, NOCuH
Cu2O CuOCuCl CuCl2
6.7
338
30
Zn
mild, =>[ZnZnH2
ZnO
ZnCl2
6.4
131
1600
31
Ga
mild, =>[G GaH3
Ga2O3
GaCl Ga2Cl
8.1
286
1875
32
Ge
none
GeH4 Ge2HGeO GeO2GeCl2 GeCl
6.1
377
1886
33
As
none
AsH3
As2O3
AsCl3 AsCl5
4.3
302
1600
34 mild,Se
=>H2SeO3, NOxSeH2
SeO2 SeO Se2Cl2 Se4C
3.8
227
1818
35
Br
mild, =>OBrHBr
Br2O BrO2BrCl
3.1
112
1826
36
Kr
none
none
none
none
2.5
0
1898
37
Rb
vigorous, RbH
Rb2O
RbCl
47.3
86
1861
38
Sr
none
SrH2
SrO
SrCl2
27.6
164
1808
39 vigorous,
Y
=>Y(NO3)3 YH2 YH3 Y2O3
YCl3
22.7
423
1794
40
Zr
none
ZrH2
ZrO2
ZrCl3 ZrCl4
17.9
609
1789
41
Nb
none
NbH NbH2 NbO NbO2NbCl3 NbCl4
15.7
726
1801
42
Mo
none
MoO2 MoOMoClx [x=2-6
12.8
658
1781
43 mild,Tc
=>HTcO4
none
TcO2 Tc2OTcCl4
11.4
677
1939
44
Ru
none
RuO2 RuORuCl2 RuCl3
9.6
643
1844
45
Rh
none
none
Rh2O3 Rh RhCl3
8.6
556
1803
46
Pd
none
PdHx x<1 noPdO
PdCl2
4.8
378
1803

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
reaction
polariza
heat
atomic atomic with 6M
bility
atomization
year
#
symbol
NaOH hydride(s) oxide(s) chloride(s) (A^3)
(kJ/mol)
discovered
47 mild,Ag
=>AgNO3
none
Ag2O
AgCl
7.9
284
48
Cd
none
CdO
CdCl2
7.2
112
1817
49
In
none
In2O3
InCl InCl3
9.7
243
1863
50
Sn
mild, =>H2,SnH4 Sn2HSnO SnO2 SnCl2 SnCl4
7.7
302
51
Sb
none
SbH3
Sb2O3 Sb SbCl3 SbCl5
6.6
262
1600
52 mild,Te
=>Te(IV)
H2Te
TeO2 TeO3Te2Cl Te3Cl
5.5
197
1783
53
I
mild, =>OI-,HI
I2O5 I4O9 ICl ICl3
5
107
1811
54
Xe
none
none
XeO3 XeO none
4
0
1898
55
Cs
vigorous, CsH
Cs2O
CsCl
59.6
79
1860
56
Ba
passivated BaH2
BaO
BaCl2
39.7
180
1808
57 mild,La
=>La(NO3)3
LaH2 LaH3 La2O3
LaCl3
31.1
423
1839
58 mild,Ce
=>Ce(NO3)3
CeH2 CeH3Ce2O3 Ce CeCl3
29.6
419
1803
59 mild,Pr
=>Pr(NO3)3
PrH2 PrH3 PrO2 Pr6OPrCl3
28.2
356
1885
60 mild,Nd
=>Nd(NO3)3
NdH2 NdH3Nd2O3
NdCl2 NdCl3
31.4
328
1885
61 mild,Pm
=>Pm(NO3)3
Pm2O3
30.1
301
1945
62 mild,Sm
=>Sm(NO3)3
SmH2 SmHSm2O3
SmCl2 SmCl
28.8
207
1880
63 mild,Eu
=>Eu(NO3)3
EuH2
Eu2O3
EuCl2 EuCl3
27.7
178
1901
64 mild,Gd
=>Gd(NO3)3
GdH2 GdH3Gd2O3
GdCl3
23.5
398
1880
65 mild,Tb
=>Tb(NO3)3
TbH2 TbH3 TbO2 Tb4 TbCl3
25.5
389
1843
66 mild,Dy
=>Dy(NO3)3
DyH2 DyH3 Dy2O3
DyCl2 DyCl3
24.5
291
1886
67 mild,Ho
=>Ho(NO3)3
HoH2 HoH3Ho2O3
HoCl3
23.6
301
1879
68 mild,Er
=>Er(NO3)3
ErH2 ErH3 Er2O3
ErCl3
22.7
317
1843
69 mild,Tm
=>Tm(NO3)3
TmH2 TmH Tm2O3
TmCl2 TmCl
21.8
232
1879
70 mild,Yb
=>Yb(NO3)3
YbH2 Yb2H Yb2O3
YbCl2 YbCl3
21
152
1879
71 mild,Lu
=>Lu(NO3)3
LuH2 LuH3 Lu2O3
LuCl3
21.9
1907
72
Hf
none
HfH2
HfO2
HfCl3 HfCl4
16.2
619
1923
73
Ta
none
TaH
TaO2 Ta2OTaCl3 TaCl4
13.1
782
1802
74
W
WO2 WO3 WClx [x=2-6]
11.1
849
1783
75 mild,Re
=>HReO4
none
Re2O5 Re Re3Cl9 ReCl
9.7
770
1925
76 mild,Os
=>OsO4
none
OsO2 OsOOsCl3 OsCl4
8.5
791
1804
77
Ir
none
none
IrO2
IrCl3
7.6
665
1804
78
Pt
none
none
PtO2
PtCl2 PtCl4
6.5
565
1748
79
Au
none
none
Au2O3
AuCl AuCl3
6.1
366
80
Hg
none
none
HgO
Hg2Cl2 HgC
5.4
61
81 mild,Tl=>TlNO3
Tl2O Tl2O TlCl TlCl3
7.6
182
1861
82 mild,Pb
=>NOx, Pb(NO3)PbH4
PbO Pb3O PbCl2 PbCl4
6.8
196
83 mild,Bi=>Bi(NO3)3, NO BiH3
Bi2O3
BiCl3 BiCl4
7.4
207
1600
84
Po
PoO PoO2 PoCl2 PoCl4
6.8
144
1898
85
At
HAt
6
92
1940
86
Rn
none
5.3
0
1900
87
Fr
vigorous, =>H2, FrOH
48.7
73
1939
88
Ra
RaCl2
38.3
159
1898
89 mild,Ac
=>Ac(NO3)3
AcH2
Ac2O3
AcCl3
32.1
385
1899
90
Th
none
ThH2 Th4H ThO2
ThCl4
32.1
576
1829
91
Pa
none
PaH3
PaO PaO2 PaCl4 PaCl5
25.4
527
1917
92
U
none
UH3
UO UO2 U UCl3 UCl4 U
27.4
490
1789

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
reaction
atomic atomic with 6M
#
symbol
NaOH
93
Np
94 passivated
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

polariza
heat
bility
atomization
year
hydride(s) oxide(s) chloride(s) (A^3)
(kJ/mol)
discovered
NpH2 NpH3NpO NpO2NpCl3 NpCl4
24.8
1940
PuH2 PuH3PuO Pu2O PuCl2 PuCl3
24.5
352
1940
AmH2 AmH AmO Am2OAmCl2 AmCl
23.3
1944
CmH2
CmO Cm2 CmCl3
23
1944
BkO Bk2O3BkCl3
22.7
1949
CfO Cf2O3CfCl3
20.5
1949
Es2O3
19.7
1954
23.8
1954
18.2
1955
17.5
1958
1961

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
rel. abund.
abundance
atomic atomic solar system earth's crust cost, pure cost, bulk
#
symbol
(log)
(log)
($/100g)
($/100g) toxic?
1
H
10.446
3.1
12
2
He
9.435
-2.1
5.2
no
3
Li
1.757
1.3
27
4
Be
-0.137
0.4
530
59 yes
5
B
1.326
1
250
6
C
7.004
2.3
2.4
7
N
6.496
1.3
0.4
no
8
O
7.377
5.7
0.3
no
9
F
2.926
2.8
190
yes
10
Ne
6.537
-2.3
33
no
11
Na
4.759
4.4
7
12
Mg
6.031
4.4
3.7
0.32
13
Al
4.929
4.9
1.8
0.12
14
Si
6.000
5.5
5.4
0.14
15
P
4.017
3
4
yes
16
S
5.712
2.4
24
17
Cl
3.719
2.1
0.15
yes
18
Ar
5.004
0.5
0.5
no
19
K
3.576
4.3
85
20
Ca
4.786
4.65
11
21
Sc
1.534
1.3
1400
22
Ti
3.380
3.8
6.1
23
V
2.467
2.1
220
yes
24
Cr
4.130
2
10
25
Mn
3.980
3
1.7
26
Fe
5.954
4.8
6.7
0.021
27
Co
3.352
1.4
21
28
Ni
4.693
1.9
7.7
0.76 yes
29
Cu
2.718
1.7
2.7
0.24
30
Zn
3.100
1.79
3.7
0.12
31
Ga
1.577
1.2
220
32
Ge
2.076
0.7
360
33
As
0.817
0.3
320
34
Se
1.793
-1.3
14
yes
35
Br
1.072
0.4
4.9
yes
36
Kr
1.653
-4
33
no
37
Rb
0.851
2
1200
38
Sr
1.371
2.6
100
39
Y
0.667
1.51
220
40
Zr
1.057
2.24
16
16
41
Nb
-0.156
1.3
18
42
Mo
0.407
0.2
11
43
Tc
44
Ru
0.270
-3
1400
45
Rh
-0.463
-3
13000
46
Pd
0.143
-2
15
290

carcinogenic?
no
yes
no
no
no
no
no

no
no
no
no
no

no
yes
yes
no
no

yes
no
no
no

no

no
no
no

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
rel. abund.
abundance
atomic atomic solar system earth's crust cost, pure cost, bulk
#
symbol
(log)
(log)
($/100g)
($/100g) toxic?
47
Ag
-0.313
-1.2
120
14
48
Cd
0.207
-0.7
6
49
In
-0.735
-1
120
50
Sn
0.582
0.3
8
0.83
51
Sb
-0.510
-0.7
4.5
0.44
52
Te
0.682
-3
24
yes
53
I
-0.046
-0.3
8.3
yes
54
Xe
0.672
-4.5
120
no
55
Cs
-0.429
0
1100
56
Ba
0.652
2.6
55
57
La
-0.351
1.5
64
58
Ce
0.055
1.8
57
59
Pr
-0.778
0.9
170
60
Nd
-0.082
1.4
110
61
Pm
-19.3
62
Sm
-0.588
0.8
130
63
Eu
-1.012
0.1
3600
64
Gd
-0.481
0.7
191
65
Tb
-1.220
0
1800
66
Dy
-0.404
0.5
210
67
Ho
-1.051
0.1
740
68
Er
-0.601
0.4
270
69
Tm
-1.423
-0.3
4100
70
Yb
-0.606
0.5
530
71
Lu
-1.435
-0.3
6900
72
Hf
-0.812
0.4
120
73
Ta
-1.684
0.3
120
74
W
-0.876
0.2
11
75
Re
-1.287
-2.3
540
76
Os
-0.171
-2.8
7700
77
Ir
-0.180
-3
4200
78
Pt
0.127
-2.3
4700
1200
79
Au
-0.728
-2.4
4400
1200
80
Hg
-0.469
-1.1
5
0.51 yes
81
Tl
-0.735
-0.3
48
82
Pb
0.498
1.1
1.5
0.077
83
Bi
-0.842
-0.8
11
84
Po
-9.7
85
At
86
Rn
-12.4
87
Fr
88
Ra
-6
89
Ac
-9.3
90
Th
-1.475
1
91
Pa
-5.9
92
U
-2.046
0.4

carcinogenic?
no
yes
no
no
no
no
no
no
no

no
no
no

no
no
no
no
no

no

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

Element Data
rel. abund.
abundance
atomic atomic solar system earth's crust cost, pure cost, bulk
#
symbol
(log)
(log)
($/100g)
($/100g) toxic? carcinogenic?
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo

Copyright 2007-2012 Jeff Bigler <MrBigler @ MrBigler.com> or <Jeff @ JeffBigler.org>


This document is licensed and may be adapted or distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
3.0 United States License.

This is a dummy worksheet to make the IUPAC temporary names fill in automatically.
Number
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

prefix
nil
un
bi
tri
quad
pent
hex
sept
oct
en

letter
n
u
b
t
q
p
h
s
o
e

elide?
i
i

i
i
i
i
i
i

Periodic Table and Element Data in spreadsheet form


http://www.mrbigler.com/documents/Periodic-Table.xls
Copyright 2007-2015 Jeff Bigler <mrbigler @ mrbigler.com> or <jeff @ jeffbigler.org>

Although Microsoft Excel is protected by a copyright owned by Microsoft Corporation, the data and formulas programmed into

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the
implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the Creative
Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License for more details.

To Do list
Reconcile with Bob Hanson's data:
* melting point
* boiling point
* heat of fusion
* heat of vaporization
* density
* atomic volume
* thermal conducitvity
* electrical conductivity
* atomic/ionic radii