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Electronic Systems and Technology (EST)

Module 4: Review Questions


9.) SCM stands for:
1.) Fiber-Optic cables do not:
a.
b.
c.
d.

carry current
generate EMI
all of the above
cause crosstalk

a.
b.
c.
d.

Station Class Mark


Signal Class Mark
Serial-Code Mode
Service Class Mark\

10.) For a light detector, responsivity is measured


in:

2.) Pagers use:


a. both the VHF and UHF bands
b. the UHF band only
c. the VHF band, the UHF band, and the ISM
band
d. the VHF band only

a.
b.
c.
d.

W per amp
mA per joule
s per W
amps per watt

11.) The modulation used for the video signal in a


standard NTSC color TV receiver is:

3.) The next generation of PCS is expected to have:


a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)

all of the above


wider roaming area
Internet Access
Faster data rates

a.
b.
c.
d.

vestigial sideband AM
SSB
FM
Suppressed-carrier AM

12.) The maximum luminance level is called:


4.) The maximum range of a typical wireless
modem is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

several hundred meters


several thousand meters
several meters
1 meter

5.) The IEEE 802 spec for wireless LANs uses the:
a.
b.
c.
d.

infrared band
ISM band
UHF band
VHF band

6.) The basic range of a Bluetooth device is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

10cm to 1m
10cm to 100m
10cm to 10m
Within 10ft

7.) FITL stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Fiber In The loop


Frequency Input to The Loop
Fiber Input Timing Loop
Fiber Input Timing Loss

8.) DWDM stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Dense Wavelength-Division Modulation


Dense Wavelength-Division Multiplexing
Double Wavelength-Division Modulation
Digital Wavelength-Division Modulation

a.
b.
c.
d.

whiter than white


max white
all white
peak white

13.) TVRO stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Television Receive Only


None of the above
Television Repeater Only
Television Remote Origin

14.) Fiber-Optic cable cannot be used:


a. to isolate a medical patient from a shock
hazard
b. to connect a transmitter to an antenna
c. in an explosive environment
d. none of the above
15.) Compared to a monochrome CRT, the
accelerating voltage on a color CRT is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

much lower
about the same
color CRTs use magnetic acceleration
much higher

16.) In an AMPS systems, control-channel signals


are sent using:
a.
b.
c.
d.

FM
FSK
CDMA
AM

17.) APD stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Avalanche Photodiode
Advanced Photodiode
Advanced Photo Detector
Avalanche Photo Detector

18.) BSC stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Basic Service Contract


Base Signal Controller
Basic Service Code
Base Station Controller

25.) AMPS uses:


a.
b.
c.
d.

TDMA
CDMA
None of the above
Spread-spectrum

26.) Compared to the luminance signal, the


horizontal resolution for color is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

resolution does not apply to color


about the same
much less
much greater

19.) CDMA technology was invented by:


27.) In SONET, OC-1 stands for:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Bell Labs
AT&T
Lucent
Qualcomm

a.
b.
c.
d.

Optical Cable type 1


Optical Coupler Unidirectional
Optical Carrier level 1
Optical Channel 1

20.) CDMA uses a set of PN sequences that are:


28.) IS-136 uses:
a.
b.
c.
d.

unique
common
orthogonal
rotating

21.) Using fiber-optic cable in a telephone system


except for the connection to the subscribers phone
is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

FDDI
SONET
FTTC
FITL

22.) The vertical blanking pulse is serrated to:


a.
b.
c.
d.

maintain vertical sync


maintain horizontal sync
all of the above
equalize the DC level

23.) The horizontal output transformer is also


called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

the isolation transformer


the flyback transformer
the video transformer
the yoke

24.) The frequency bands used by Ku-band


satellites are:

a.
b.
c.
d.

CDMA
Frequency hopping
All of the above
TDMA

29.) Satisfactory performance of an analog


microwave system is defined as:
a. an ERP level that exceeds a given value
b. an energy-per-hertz level that exceeds a
given value
c. a carrier-to-noise ratio that exceeds a
given value
d. none of the above
30.) ESN stands for:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Emitted Signal Number


Electronic Serial Number
Emission Strength Number
Emission Serial Number

31.) The modulation used for the audio signal in a


standard NTSC color TV receiver is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

FM
SSB
Suppressed-carrier AM
Vestigial sideband AM

32.) Luminance refers to:


a.
b.
c.
d.

12GHz and 14GHz


None of the above
4GHz and 6GHz
20GHz and 30GHz

a.
b.
c.
d.

brightness
chroma
raster
contrast

33.) LMDS is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

multidirectional
none of the above
bidirectional
unidirectional

34.) Station-keeping refers to:


a.
b.
c.
d.

power-level adjustments
none of the above
antenna maintenance
orbital adjustments

35.) ISM stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

IEEE Secure Message


Industrial, Scientific, and Messaging
Industrial, Scientific, and Medical
IEEE Standard Message

41.) PCS stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Personal Communications Service


Personal Cell Phone Service
Personal Communications Systems
Portable Communications Systems

42.) Single-mode fiber is made from:


a.
b.
c.
d.

B plastic
Both A and B
A glass
None of these

43.) The high and low points of a satellites orbit are


called, respectively:
a.
b.
c.
d.

perigee and apogee


downlink and uplink
uplink and downlink
apogee and perigee

36.) AMPS stands for:


44.) NAM stands for:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Advanced Mobile Phone System


American Mobile Phone System
Analog Mobile Phone System
Advanced Mobile Phone Service

37.) For real time communication, LEO systems


require:
a.
b.
c.
d.

all of the above


tracking dish antennas
very high power
a constellations of satellites

38.) Which of the following is a type of fiber


connector?
a.
b.
c.
d.

SC
SMA
ST
All of these

39.) The IEEE specification covering wireless


LANs is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

802.12
802.10
802.11
802.13

40.) The CMAC is used to:


a.
b.
c.
d.

select the transmit channel for the cell phone


set the access code of the cell phone
set the transmit power of the cell phone
control access to the cell site

a.
b.
c.
d.

Numerical Assignment Mode


Number Access Module
Numerical Access Mode
Number Assignment Module

45.) The function of the color burst is to?


a. regenerate the color sub-carrier
b. the synchronize the color demodulation line
by line
c. all of the above
d. detect the presence of a color video signal
46.) CDPD stands for:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Coded Digital Packet Data


Cellular Digital Pulse Data
Cellular Digital Packet Data
Code-Division Packet Data

47.) A reduction in TWT power for linearity is


called?
a.
b.
c.
d.

backdown
EIRP drop
Backoff
Power-down

48.) In GSM, SIM stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Subscriber ID Module
Short Inbound Message
Subscriber ID Method
Subscriber-Initiated Message

49.) The quantum of light is called:


a.
b.
c.
d.

an erg
a phonon
an e-v
a photon

50.) SAT stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Supervisory Audio Tone


Supervisory Access Tone
None of the above
Station Antenna Tower

51.) Bluetooth uses the:


a.
b.
c.
d.

ISM band
VHF band
UHF band
Infrared band

52.) Compared to the core, the index of refraction of


the cladding must be:
a.
b.
c.
d.

doesnt have an index of refraction


the same
less
greater

53.) Power above the minimum required by an


optical receiver is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

gain margin
excess gain
system margin
overdrive

54.) The loss in single-mode fiber-optic cable due to


a splice is about:
a.
b.
c.
d.

0.2 dB
1 dB
0.02 dB
3 dB

57.) LMDS stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Local Multichannel Distribution System


Local Multipoint Distribution System
Local Microwave Distribution System
Low-Power Microwave Distribution System

58.) A Bluetooth piconet has:


a.
b.
c.
d.

2 to 16 nodes
2 to 4 nodes
2 nodes
2 to 8 nodes

59.) The combination of the mobile cell phone and


the cell site radio equipment is called the:
a.
b.
c.
d.

MTSO
RF interface
Air interface
BSC

60.) Typically, repeaters are not required for fiberoptic cable lengths up to:
a.
b.
c.
d.

100 miles
100 Km
1000 miles
10 Km

61.) The NTSC specification was drawn up by the:


a.
b.
c.
d.

IRE
EIA
FCC
IEEE

62.) MSC stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Mobile Switching Center


Maximum Signal Carrier
Mobile Service Cellular
Minimum Signal Carrier

63.) IS-95 uses:


55.) DCC stands for:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Direct Channel Code


Digital Communications Code
Digital Color Code
Digital Communications Carrier

a.
b.
c.
d.

CDMA
TDMA
All of the above
Frequency Hopping

64.) RGB stands for:


56.) The ERP of a typical handheld AMPS cell
phone is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

between 1 and 2 watts


4 watts
Less than 600mW
Less than 600W

a.
b.
c.
d.

Red-Green Bandwidth
Red-Green Brightness
Red-Green Burst
Red-Green-Blue

65.) The velocity required to stay in orbit:


a. is lower close to the earth than far from the
earth
b. is constant
c. is zero (freefall)
d. is higher close to the earth than far from
the earth
66.) An antenna is aimed by adjusting the two look
angles called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

azimuth and elevation


azimuth and declination
declination and elevation
apogee and perigee

67.) The frequency band designated for PCS in


North America is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

900 MHz
800 MHz
1.9 GHz
12 GHz

68.) SID stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

System Identification Number


Signal Intensity Descriptor
Standard Identification Number
Sequential Interrupt Demand

69.) One way to increase the capacity of a cell


phone system is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

increase the ERP


increase the number of cells
decrease the number of cells
decrease the ERP

70.) The effects of fading due to multipath reception


are often reduced using:
a.
b.
c.
d.

power
high-gain antennas
all of the above
diversity

73.) The height of the geosynchronous orbit above


the equator is about:
a.
b.
c.
d.

35,780 Km
357,800 Km
Depends on satellite velocity
5,578 Km

74.) The loss in single-mode fiber-optic cable due to


a connector is about:
a.
b.
c.
d.

0.02 dB
1 dB
0.2 dB
3 dB

75.) It is necessary to send control information on


traffic channels in:
a.
b.
c.
d.

both GSM and TDMA


TDMA only
No PCS system
GSM only

76.) The sync pulse level corresponds to a


luminance of:
a.
b.
c.
d.

blacker than black


black
white
whiter than white

77.) Infrared networks:


a.
b.
c.
d.

can use reflected infrared beams


cannot penetrate walls
all of the above
can used diffused infrared beams

78.) The power per transponder of a typical Kuband satellite is in the range:
a.
b.
c.
d.

50 to 250 watts
500 to 2500 watts
Depends on its orbits
5 to 25 watts

79.) AMPS was designed for:


71.) FTTC stands for:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Fiber Transmission Technology Committee


Fiber Telephone Transmission Cable
Fiber to the Curb
Fiber Transmission Timing Constraint

a.
b.
c.
d.

POTS
Use built into an automobile
All of the above
Voice

80.) In a color TV receiver, Y I Q refers to:


72.) FDDI stands for:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Fiber Distributed Data Interface


Fiber Digital Data Interface
Fiber Distribution Delay Interface
Frequency-Division Data Interface

a. composite color signal, in-phase color


component, quadrature phase color
component
b. luminance signal, in-phase color
component, quadrature phase color
component

c. a method of demodulating stereo sound


d. composite video signal, in-phase video
component, quadrature video color
component
81.) CAPCODE is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

an error-detection scheme used for pagers


an encryption scheme used for pagers
a digital modulation scheme used for pagers
an addressing scheme used for pagers

82.) The aspect ration of a standard TV receiver is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

4:3
525:625
3:4
625:525

83.) In SONET, STS stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Synchronous Transport System


Synchronous Transmission Signal
Synchronous Transport Signal
Synchronous Transmission System

84.) The payload on a communications satellite


consists of:

88.) The loss in a single-mode fiber-optic cable due


to a glass is about:
a.
b.
c.
d.

0.4 dB per Km
4 dB per Km
40 dB per Km
Zero loss

89.) The smallest picture element is called a:


a.
b.
c.
d.

dot
pixel
none of these
pic

90.) The range of an IRDA system is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

10 ft
10 m
1 ft
1m

91.) CMAC stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Control Mobile Access Code


Central Mobile Access Control
Carrier Mode Attenuation Control
Control Mobile Attenuation Code

92.) A Soliton is a:
a.
b.
c.
d.

all of the above


batteries
transponders
solar cells

85.) Deflection in CRTs used in TV receivers is


done:
a. electro-statically for vertical and
magnetically for horizontal
b. electro-statically for both vertical and
horizontal
c. magnetically for vertical and electrostatically for horizontal
d. magnetically for both vertical and
horizontal
86.) The number of NTSC frames sent per second
is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

50
30
60
25

87.) The SID is used by a cell phone to:


a. recognize an AMPS system
b. set its transmitted power level
c. identify the type of system (analog or
digital)
d. recognize that it is roaming

a.
b.
c.
d.

type of pulse
type of optical network
type of particle
defect in the glass

93.) An advantage of digital techniques over analog


in a microwave system is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

less bandwidth is required


accumulation of noise is reduced
it requires less power
all of the above

94.) IMSI stands for:


a. Interim Mobile Subscriber Identification
b. Integrated Mobile Subscriber Identification
c. International Mobile Subscriber
Identification
d. Intermodulation System Interference
95.) In GSM, voice channel are called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

talking channels
voice channels
bearer channels
traffic channels

96.) DBS stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

down-beam signal
direct-broadcast satellite
direct-broadcast system
decibels of signal

97.) MTSO stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Maximum transmitted Signal Output


Mobile Telephone Switching Office
Mobile Transmission Time-Out
Minimum Transmitted Signal Output

98.) A typical VSAT system is configured as a:


a.
b.
c.
d.

ring
mesh
star
repeater

99.) TDD stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Time-Delayed Duplex
Time Delay Difference
Time-Division Duplex
Total Distance Delay

100.) The use of solitons on fiber-optic cables is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

obsolete
experimental
not possible
common

101.) LASER stands for:


a. Light Amplification by Simulated Emitted
Rays
b. Light Amplification by Simulated Emission
of Radiation
c. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emitted
rays
d. Light Amplification by Stimulated
Emission of Radiation
102.) Phone traffic is measured in:
a.
b.
c.
d.

erlangs
number of users
number of blocked calls
calls

103.) RCC stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Radio Cellular Carrier


Regional Cellular Carrier
None of these
Radio Common Carrier

104.) Current PCS systems are referred to as:


a.
b.
c.
d.

second generation
digital generation
third generation
first generation

105.) Too much antenna gain causes:


a.
b.
c.
d.

excessive noise
a very wide microwave beam
a very narrow microwave beam
jitter

106.) Scattering causes:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Intersymbol interference
Loss
Dispersion
All of the above

107.) A single-mode cable does not suffer from:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Chromatic Dispersion
Modal Dispersion
Waveguide Dispersion
All of the Above

108.) AFPC stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Automatic Frequency and Phase Control


None of these
Allowed Full Picture Chroma
Automatic Frequency and Picture Control

109.) Adding bit to synchronize one digital signal to


another is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

SDH
Bit-synch
Bit stuffing
WDM

110.) In a one-way pager system:


a.
b.
c.
d.

all pages are sent from all transmitters


transmitters are relatively high power
each transmitting antenna covers a wide area
all of these

111.) IRDA stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Infrared Data Association


Infrared Roaming Data Area
Infrared Digital Association
Infrared Restricted Data Area

112.) The number of scan lines in an NTSC signal


is:
a. 625
b. 525

c. 1250
d. 1024

113.) The microwave signal path should clear


obstacles by at least:
a.
b.
c.
d.

60% of the Fresnel zone


60% of the Faraday zone
60% of the height of the Antenna tower
60% of the highest obstacle height

114.) The number of NTSC fields sent per second


is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

50
30
60
25

115.) In an AMPS system, voice is sent using:


a.
b.
c.
d.

FSK
AM
CDMA
FM

116.) Compared to AMPS, PCS cell sites are:


a.
b.
c.
d.

smaller
distributed
bigger
higher-power

117.) SCM identifies the:


a.
b.
c.
d.

base-station class
maximum power level of a cell phone
signal classification (analog or digital)
code number of a cell phone

118.) The power level of an earth station to transmit


to a satellite is on the order of:
a.
b.
c.
d.

102 watts
103 watts
104 watts
101 watts

119.) BSS stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Basic Service System


Bluetooth Service System
Basic Service Set
None of the above

121.) GSM is used in:


a.
b.
c.
d.

North America
Asia
Europe
All of these

122.) Satisfactory performance of a digital


microwave system requires a:
a. good energy per bit per transmitted watt
ratio
b. low level of transmitted power
c. high level of ERP
d. good energy per bit per noise density ratio
123.) NTSC stands for:
a.
b.
c.
d.

National Television Systems Council


Nippon Television Systems Commission
National Television Systems Committee
National Television Systems Commission

124.) Two or more connected piconets form a:


a.
b.
c.
d.

multinet
TDD net
Scatternet
Micronet

125.) A typical pager system does not:


a.
b.
c.
d.

require handoffs
require error detection
all of these
allow roaming

126.) The blanking level corresponds to a


luminance of:
a.
b.
c.
d.

whiter than white


black
blacker than black
white

127.) On the uplink from a terminal, a VSAT system


uses:
a.
b.
c.
d.

low power to a large antenna


high power to a small antenna
LEO satellites
Low power to a small antenna

120.) The optimum cell-site radius is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

0.5 Km
As small as possible
2 Km
None of these

128.) The IEEE 802 document for wireless LANs


specifies the use of:
a.
b.
c.
d.

all of these
CSMA/CD
CDMA
CSMA/CA

129.) SAP stands for:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Sync Amplitude Pulse


Sync Audio Pulse
Separate Audio Program
Separate Audio Pulse

130.) The number of competing PCS systems in


North America is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

4
2
Many
3

a.
b.
c.
d.

NTSC units
Umins
Foot-candles
IRE units

138.) Microwave repeaters can be:


a.
b.
c.
d.

baseband type
IF type
Regenerative type
All of these

139.) MIN stands for:


131.) GSM uses:
a.
b.
c.
d.

direct-sequence modulation
CDMA
All of these
Frequency hopping

a.
b.
c.
d.

Mobile Identification Number


Maximum In-band Noise
Minimum In-band Noise
Manual Identification Number

140.) The forward PCS channel is:


132.) Other things being equal, battery life in GSM
phone should be:
a. greater than in a TDMA phone
b. no better than in an AMPS phone
c. no better than a TDMA phone
d. less than in a TDMA phone

a.
b.
c.
d.

From the mobile to the base


From mobile to mobile
From the base to the mobile
Same as the uplink

141.) The modulation used for the Chroma signal in


a standard NTSC color TV receiver is:

133.) Repeaters are used in a microwave system:


a. when distance exceeds line-of-sight
b. above 10 GHz
c. always
d. below 10 GHz
134.) In a PIN diode, leakage current in the absence
of light is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Baseline current
E-H current
Dark current
Zero-point current

135.) In CDMA:
a. all frequencies are used in all cells
b. the frequency is selected by the mobile
phone
c. each cell uses half of the available
frequencies
d. each cell is assigned a frequency by the base
136.) MMDS stands for:
a. Multipoint Microwave Distribution System
b. Multiple Microwave Distribution Systems
c. Multichannel Multipoint Distribution
System
d. Multichannel Microwave Distribution
Systems
137.) Luminance is measured in:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Vestigial sideband AM
Suppressed-carrier AM
FM
SSb

142.) When measured in lines, horizontal


resolution:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Is greater than vertical resolution


Is less than vertical resolution
Is about the same as vertical resolution
Horizontal resolution is not measured in
lines

143.) In digital Microwave systems, additional


repeaters increase the:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Noise level
Jitter
All of these
Reliability

144.) A commonly used fiber-based system for


LAN is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

all of these
gigabit Ethernet
FDDI
High-speed Ethernet

145.) The area on the earth that is covered by a


satellite is called its:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Downlink
Footprint
Earth station
Plate

146.) SONET stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

None of these
Standard Optical Network
Simple Optical Network
Synchronous Optical Network

147.) POCSAG stands for:


a. Post Office Common Standards Advisory
Group
b. Pager Operations Code Standardization
Advisory Group
c. Pager Operations Common Standards
Advisory Group
d. Post Office Code Standardization
advisory Group
148.) Bluetooth uses:
a.
b.
c.
d.

QPSK
Frequency hopping
All of these
CDMA

149.) OTDR stands for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Optical Time-Domain Reflectometer


Optical Timing Delay Requirement
Optical Time-Division Relay
Optical Time-Delay Response

150.) Fading is caused by:


a.
b.
c.
d.

all of these
multipath reception
attenuation due to weather
ducting