Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 74

Daniel Measurement

& Control
Ultrasnicos de GAS

Oil and Gas Flow Measurement Market


TRANSMISSION

PRODUCTION
PROCESSING

DISTRIBUTION

PIPELINE
QUALITY
GAS

GAS

CITY GATES

POWER PLANTS

LPG

OIL

INDUSTRIAL
PLANTS

LNG PROCESS
REFINING & PETROCHEMICAL PROCESSING

BULK
STORAGE
TERMINAL

RESIDENTIAL

MARKETING
TERMINAL
PIPELINE
JETTY UNLOADING TRANSPORT

TRANSPORTATION

Medicin fiscal de Transferencia de


Custodia

Cuando un proveedor entrega


un producto a un cliente ocurre
una transaccin econmica.

Para asegurar un intercambio


justo de bienes una medicin
exacta es critica en la operacin

El equipamiento de medicin es
la caja registradora de esta
transaccin

APLICACIN DE TRANSFERENCIA
CUSTODIADA DE GAS
V

@9300

KCal
m3

[ ]

KCal
VBase m 3 PCal 3
m
m3 =
KCal
9300 3
m

[ ]

Flow Computer
Fiscal API 21.1 y 21.2
Clculo de volumen (AGA 3,7,11)
Clculo de energa (AGA 5)
Clculo de compresibilidad (AGA 8)
$$$$$= Volumen Energtico

AGA 11
Click Here

AGA 7

AGA 3

Cromatgrafo
Energa y
Composicin
z=AGA 8
Pcal=AGA 5

P,T

AGA 9

Ventajas del Medidor US


Tamaos 4 to 42 inch
Transductores extrables
Bidireccionales
Sin partes Mviles
Altamente redundante
Autodiagnstico
Haz directo sin o con
rebotes

Ventajas del Medidor US


No presenta prdida de carga
No intrusivo
Rangeabilidad elevada 100
Repetibilidad de .2 %
Medicin realizada electrnicamente
No requiere recalibracin
Flowmin=1ft/s Flowmax= 100ft/s
Transductores UL

Click Here

Ventajas del Medidor US


Calibracin bajo caudal
para verificacin solamente.
Calibracin en seco necesaria.
Insensible a variaciones, cuerpo de
fundicin.
Bajo costo de instalacin y bajo peso
Hasta 10000 PSIG.

Principio de Funcionamiento

Ultrasnico Multipath de Gas

Ecuaciones

L
t1 =
c v( x / L )
L
t2 =
c + v( x / L )

X
L

Ecuaciones
Las velocidades de cada camino se determinan de
los tiempos de trnsito

L (t1-t2)
v=
2x t1t2
L (t1+t2)
c=
2 t1t2
Q = vA

v=velocidad de flujo
c=velocidad del sonido
t1 =tiempo de trnsito upstream
t 2= tiempo de transito downstream

Factores de ponderacin por Geometra


Los factores de ponderacin dependen
nicamente de la geometra!

A
B
C
D

Wa= 0.1382
Wb= 0.3618
Wc = 0.3618
Wd= 0.1382

Multipath Meter
n

Vaverage = wi vi = 0.1382 v1 + 0.3618 v 2 + 0.3618 v3 + 0.1382 v 4


1

Clculos disponibles

AGA 7 interno con correccin de P y T

AGA 8 92 Detallado con Cromatografa on line

API 21

AGA 10

Correccin de variacin en el rea del medidor


efectos de P y T (dilatacin/contraccin del
cuerpo)

Software CUI

Customer Value:
The monitor screen can be configured
according to the customers requirements.
Multiple dynamic ultrasonic parameters
can be simultaneously monitored on-site or
remotely on one screen.

Standard Diagnostic Terminology

Chord Velocity: (or Path Velocity)


- The average velocity (ft/sec) along the chord line between pairs of transducers.
- Chord A shows 17.4 ft/sec
- Blue bars indicate reverse flow

Average Velocity:

The path weighted average of all pathsaverage velocity of the entire cross-section
of the metern

Vaverage = wi vi = 0.1382 v1 + 0.3618 v 2 + 0.3618 v3 + 0.1382 v 4


1

Q = Vaverage A

Flow Velocity Ratio:


- The decimal ratio of an individual chords velocity divided by the meter average

velocity.
Chord A = 0.892 = 17.43 / 19.54

Standard Diagnostic Terminology (Contd)

Speed of Sound: (SOS)


-

The sound propagation rate expressed in


Distance/Time.(i.e. Ft/Sec )
The bar for the chord turns yellow if the spread between the
chord Speed of Sound and the Average Speed of Sound
varies by more than 0.35%
The bar for the chord
turns red if the spread
between the chord Speed
of Sound and the Average
Speed of Sound varies
by more than a configurable
factor called CRange

Standard Diagnostic Terminology (Contd)

Gain:

The gain is a setting for how much the meter must amplify a
received signal to make the recorded signal have the required
amplitude. If sound signal level diminishesgain increases.

Gains can vary considerably from meter to meter and because of


changing flow conditions.

For the same transducer, the gains are higher on larger meters
than smaller meters for a given flow condition because of the
longer path lengths.

The maximum gain with the LT-01 transducer is 103 dB

Standard Diagnostic Terminology (Contd)

Performance:

The percentage of acceptable path (transducer pair) timings from the last
running test batch.

A 100% performance means that every signal acquired is used to make


the flow measurement.

At higher velocities, or in the presence of ultrasonic noise interference, or


in changing flow conditions, this value may be less than 100%.

If the batch size is 20.the last 20 measurements of the same


transducer pair will be reported. The percent range will be 0 to 100%in
5% incrementsIE: 90% = 18 of the last 20 timings were successful.

Performance above 25% is acceptable

Standard Diagnostic Terminology (Contd)

Signal to Noise Ratio: (SNR)

SNR =

SE ( SoundEnergy )
NE ( NoiseEnergy )

It is the numeric ratio between the


received sound signal and the
received background noise
This number is a net usable signal number and can have a minimum numeric limit
assigned to it and resultant alarms.

The average signal and noise levels only includes samples used for the batch and do
not include samples thrown out due to poor quality.

If noise appears to be a problem, this SNR can help you determine the direction of the
noise. Lower signal to noise ratios on the upstream chords than on the downstream
chords indicate that the noise is coming from downstream of the meter.

SNR values below 500 warrant investigation

Advanced Diagnostic Key Terms

Profile Factor

Swirl

Symmetry

Cross Flow

Turbulence

Diagnsticos avanzado
Permiten conocer que
sucede aguas arriba del
medidor
Data from these meters can give
information about:
Profile
Pulsation
Cross-Flow
Swirl
Asymmetry.
Turbulence Level by Path.
Dirty Transducers.
Blocked Flow-Conditioners, etc.
If you can Read the Data

Diagnsticos Avanzados
Flow Profile

19.357

Chord A

Swirl

Symmetry

Cross Flow

Chord B

21.238

20.166

Chord C

Chord D

17.4305

10

15

20

Avg Flow Velocity (ft/s)

7 deg swirl from poly-pig

Customer Value:
Increased Measurement Accuracy
Piece of a Poly-Pig lodged in a Flow Conditioner

Detect measurement problems

25

Perfil de flujo Turbulento y Laminar

Flow Profiles Posibles

Flow Profile

Flow Profile

21.9

Chord A

18.6

Chord B

10

15

21.9

Chord C

21.4

Chord D

21.4

Chord B

18.8

Chord C

18.7

Chord A

20

Avg Flow Velocity (m/s)

Con Swirl (+)

18.6

Chord D

25

10

15

Avg Flow Velocity (m/s)

Sin Swirl

20

25

Advanced Diagnostic Terminology (Contd)

Swirl:

Estimate Swirl from Profile Factor (Consider flow regime


and conditioning)

A profile factor of 1.17 = 1.042 / 0.89, is equal to a swirl of 0 degrees

Flow which is not parallel to the centerline of the longitudinal axis can cause
measurement errors. (greater than +/- 2 degrees of swirl)

Most Swirl patterns have a continuous rotational component. Swirls that are almost
perfectly rotationallike a corkscrew or a threadare usually referred to as Bulk
Rotation

Fig. 3 SWIRL RATIO (Vb+Vc)/(Va+Vd)


20
15

Swirl Angle Deg

10
5
0
0.6

0.8

1.0

1.2

1.4

-5
-10
-15
-20
Swirl Ratio

1.6

1.8

2.0

Profile Factor
of 1.032 is
equal to 6
Degrees of
Swirl

Advanced Diagnostic Terminology (Contd)

Symmetry:

Symmetry =

V A + VB
VC + V D

Ratio of the flow velocities of the top two chords


divided by the flow velocities of the bottom two chords

Compares the flow in the top half of the pipe with that in the
bottom half

In good condition it should be close to 1

Advanced Diagnostic Terminology (Contd)

Cross Flow:

V A + VC
CrossFlow =
VB + VD

Ratio of the flow velocities of the A and C


chords divided by the flow velocities of the B and D chords

Compares the chords in one plane with those in the other plane
at right angles

In good condition it should be close to 1

Save Waveforms for Each Path

Click Save to record


all of the Waveforms for
Paths A, B, C, D
This is your starting
waveform Fingerprint
of the new, clean meter.

Ejemplo con Flow conditioner bloqueado


en 40 fps 12-Inch
Flow Velocity Ratios

Chord A
0.888
Chord B
1.043
Chord C
1.048

Profile Factor = 1.186

Chord D
0.874
0.5

0.75

Velocity Ratio

1.25

1.5

bloqueado
Courtesy CEESI USM Conference, June 2004

Perfil con flow conditioner bloqueado


en 40 fps
Flow Velocity Ratios

Chord A
0.886

Profile Factor = 1.105

Chord B
0.998
Chord C
1.056
Chord D
0.973
0.5

0.75

Velocity Ratio

1.25

1.5

Efectos en la exactitud
Velocity

% Diff

60

0.22

40

0.19

20

0.17

Note: All errors were positive. That


is the meter slightly over-registered
with the blocked flow conditioner.

Turbulencia sin bloqueo


Turbulence - 40ft/sec - CPA Normal
10
Chord A
Chord B
Chord C
Chord D

4
2

Sample #

73

69

65

61

57

53

49

45

41

37

33

29

25

21

17

13

0
1

Percent

Turbulencia con bloqueo


Turbulence - 40ft/sec Blocked CPA - Bottom 40%
20
Chord A
Chord B

16

Chord C

12
8
4

Sample #

73

69

65

61

57

53

49

45

41

37

33

29

25

21

17

13

0
1

Percent

Chord D

La suciedad No Afecta a la Tecnologa de haz


directo
1.0

As Found
As Left

0.8
0.6

% Error

0.4
0.2
0.0
-0.2 0

10

15

20

25

-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0

Velocity (ft/sec)

30

35

40

45

Waveforms for Each Path

Click Save to record


all of the Waveforms for
Paths A, B, C, D
This is your starting
waveform Fingerprint
of the new, clean meter.

Picture of 10-Inch Meter Body

Close-up of 10-Inch Meter Body (Side)

Close-up of 10-Inch Meter Body (Bottom)

Efecto de la suciedad
Impacto en la Ganancia y VOS
Cambio del area transversal (ID)
Cambio en los perfiles de velocidad

Efecto de la suciedad

Efecto de la suciedad

Maintenance Log Report Information


Company Emerson Process Management

Meter Name OIML-12


Technician 1 Emerson Process Management

Test Date

3/3/2006

Date last tested

Test Time

9:41:54 AM

Technician 2

Test duration

Address Address not set

Frequency 1
in

Pressure

97.98

psig

Temperature

77.9

Samples/Updt

18/18

Stack Size

Update Period

Velocities

Average

New/Total

19.535

20.765

17.394

21.963

20.489

20.896

21.599

20.403

18.853

20.254

0.328084

17.645

20.551

20.789

20.329

Average

Maximum

Minimum

4917.78

4918.36

4917.31

Chord B
Chord C

4917.67
4917.67

4918.18
4918.24

4917.16
4917.19

Chord D
Average

4917.69
4917.69

4918.16
4918.17

4917.22
4917.23

0
0
0
0

15

Upstream
Downstream

10
5

bbl/hr
ft/s

Flow Direction

Forward

Profile Factor
Swirl

1.099
3

Time

Speed of Sound

Forward Flow Rate

Reverse Flow Rate

Point

Flow Rate

Flow Rate

SndVelA (ft/s)
SndVelD (ft/s)

Factor

Forward Coefficients

SndVelB (ft/s)
AvgSndVel (ft/s)

100
100
0
0
0
0

SndVelC (ft/s)

4918.6
4918.4
4918.2
4918
4917.8
4917.6
4917.4
4917.2
4917
4916.8
4916.6
4916.4

Upstream
Downstream

Time

100
100

72
72

3850
3617

Chord B Up

100

71

3716

Chord B Dn

100

71

3734

Chord C Up

100

71

3565

Chord C Dn

100

71

3632

Chord D Up
Chord D Dn

100
100

69
69

3293
3666

Avg Up

100

71

3606

100

71

Avg Dn

Profile Factor

SOS Diff from Avg


SndVelDiffA (ft/s)
SndVelDiffC (ft/s)

Flow Velocities (ft/s)


25

Cal Method

None

3662

18.75
12.5

Flow Velocity Ratios

Turbulence

SndVelDiffB (ft/s)
SndVelDiffD (ft/s)

TurbulenceA (%)
TurbulenceC (%)

0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
-0.05
-0.1
-0.15
-0.2

6.25

Time

1.4

Chord A
0.951

1.3

TurbulenceB (%)
TurbulenceD (%)

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
9:4 :54
2 AM
9:4 :01
2 AM
9:4 :08
2 AM
9:4 :15
2 AM
9:4 :23
2 AM
9:4 :29
2 AM
9:4 :36
2 AM
9:4 :43
2 AM
9:4 :50
2 AM
9:4 :57
3 AM
9:4 :04
3 AM
9:4 :11
3 AM
9:4 :18
3 AM
9:4 :25
3 AM
9:4 :32
3 AM
9:4 :40
3 AM
9:4 :46
3:5 AM
3
AM

Chord A Up
Chord A Dn

C
Chord

Reverse Coefficients

SOS Diff from Avg (ft/s)

SNR

9:4
1
9:4 :54
2 AM
9:4 :01
2 AM
9:4 :08
2 AM
9:4 :15
2 AM
9:4 :23
2 AM
9:4 :29
2 AM
9:4 :36
2 AM
9:4 :43
2 AM
9:4 :50
2 AM
9:4 :57
3 AM
9:4 :04
3 AM
9:4 :11
3 AM
9:4 :18
3 AM
9:4 :25
3 AM
9:4 :32
3 AM
9:4 :40
3 AM
9:4 :46
3:5 AM
3
AM

Gain

100
100
100
Average 100
Performance
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Other Chord Diagnostic Averages


Perf (%)

C
Chord

Data

Factor

degree

Multi-point Linearization Coefficients

Chord A

69
69 Gain
Average

20

Meter Calibration Factors (Flow Rates )

SOS

71
71
0
0
0
0

Meter Contract Hour


0
Minimum
Meter CRC 0x88C2 @3/2/2006 2:36:41 PM

21.237

Chord D

18000

Low Flow Cutoff

Chord A

%
ft/s

0.005 bbl/pulse

Current Full Scale

Chord B

100
4917.69

200 pulses/bbl

Inverse K 0.005 bbl/pulse

Maximum

Meter Average SOS

FlowVelC (ft/s)

25

1000 Hz

K-factor 200 pulses/bbl

Average Performance

18000 bbl/hr

Freq Full Scale 1000 Hz

Chord C
Average

Frequency 2

Full Scale 18000 bbl/hr

FlowVelB (ft/s)
AvgFlow (ft/s)

9:4
1
9:4 :54
2 AM
9:4 :01
2 AM
9:4 :08
2 AM
9:4 :15
2 AM
9:4 :23
2 AM
9:4 :29
2 AM
9:4 :36
2 AM
9:4 :43
2 AM
9:4 :50
2 AM
9:4 :57
3 AM
9:4 :04
3 AM
9:4 :11
3 AM
9:4 :18
3 AM
9:4 :25
3 AM
9:4 :32
3 AM
9:4 :40
3 AM
9:4 :46
3:5 AM
3
AM

11.9353

State/Country Texas

SOS (ft/s)

05-450728

Internal Diam.

71
71
0
0
0
0

Flow Velocities
FlowVelA (ft/s)
FlowVelD (ft/s)

samples

9:4
1
9:4 :54
2 AM
9:4 :01
2 AM
9:4 :08
2 AM
9:4 :15
2 AM
9:4 :23
2 AM
9:4 :29
2 AM
9:4 :36
2 AM
9:4 :43
2 AM
9:4 :50
2 AM
9:4 :57
3 AM
9:4 :04
3 AM
9:4 :11
3 AM
9:4 :18
3 AM
9:4 :25
3 AM
9:4 :32
3 AM
9:4 :40
3 AM
9:4 :46
3:5 AM
3
AM

Serial Number

City Houston

121

Velocity (ft/s)

Station Name Daniel Flow Facility

Time

17 25 33 41 49 57 65 73 81 89 97 105 113 121


Flow Profile

1.2

19.535
2.141
1.23
Chord
A

Chord C
1.017

1.1

Speed of Sound (ft/s)

21.237
0.748
0.726

20.896
0.493
0.703

18.853
1.208
1.401

Uncorrected Flow Rate


QFlow (bbl/hr)

19.535

1
0400

0.9

Chord B
21.237

4918.65

0350
0300

Power loss

00000000
No

1.5

Average Flow Velocity

20.551

ft/s

Avg. Uncorrected Rate

10237.8

bbl/hr

bbl/hr

Avg. Corrected Rate

Chord A

00000000

Chord B

00000000

Avg. Chord SOS Diff.

0.18

ft/s

Chord C

00000000

Max. Chord SOS Diff.

0.23

ft/s

Chord D

00000000

Field I/O

00000000

Validity

Valid

4918.1

Chord C
20.896

4917.55

Chord D
18.853

0250
0200
0150
0100
0050
0000

4917

17.5

18

18.5

19

19.5

20

20.5

21

21.5

Avg Flow Velocity (ft/s)

4916.45
1

10

19

28

37

Chord A
Chord D

46

55

64

73

Chord B

82

91 100 109 118

Time

Chord C

Average

Flow Velocity Ratios


0.951
0.1
0.065
Chord
A

1.033
0.041
0.037

1.017
0.026
0.04

0.917
0.059
0.067

Pressure and Temperature


FlowTemperature (F)

0.951

Configuration Verified? (Y/N)

Meter Contract Hour Verified? (Y/N)

Events/Alarms Collected (Y/N)/Reviewed (Y/N)?

Remarks

Chord B
1.033

98.4

98.2

Signatures
Tester:

FlowPressure (psig)

Witness:

Date:

98

Chord C
1.017

97.8

97.6

Time

9:43:53 AM

9:43:46 AM

9:43:32 AM

9:43:40 AM

9:43:25 AM

9:43:18 AM

9:43:11 AM

9:43:04 AM

9:42:57 AM

9:42:50 AM

9:42:43 AM

97.2
9:42:29 AM

97.4
9:42:36 AM

1.5

9:42:23 AM

Velocity Ratio

1.25

9:42:15 AM

9:42:08 AM

The log report is a snapshot of the meters


present performance

0.75

6
9:42:01 AM

0.5

8
9:41:54 AM

Chord D
0.917

Flow Pressure (psig)

System

9:4 :54
2 AM
9:4 :01
2 AM
9:4 :08
2 AM
9:4 :15
2 AM
9:4 :23
2 AM
9:4 :29
2 AM
9:4 :36
2 AM
9:4 :43
2 AM
9:4 :50
2 AM
9:4 :57
3 AM
9:4 :04
3 AM
9:4 :11
3 AM
9:4 :18
3 AM
9:4 :25
3 AM
9:4 :32
3 AM
9:4 :40
3 AM
9:4 :46
3:5 AM
3
AM

0.5

0.8

Status Codes

Standard Diagnostic Terminology (Contd)

Speed of Sound: (SOS)


-

The sound propagation rate expressed in


Distance/Time.(i.e. Ft/Sec )
The bar for the chord turns yellow if the spread between the
chord Speed of Sound and the Average Speed of Sound
varies by more than 0.35%
The bar for the chord
turns red if the spread
between the chord Speed
of Sound and the Average
Speed of Sound varies
by more than a configurable
factor called CRange

Verificacin Cross Check (AGA 10)

L (t1+t2)
SOS =
2 t1t2

Ultrasnico

T
SOS = k

Cromatgrafo
P,T
%Ci,P,T

Verificacin Cross Check (AGA 10)


Diferencia esperable entre medicin y clculo 0.3%

Cross Check de USFM,GC,P y T

Mass and Energy Rates

Average Gas
Velocity

Meter SOS &


AGA 10 SOS

Average Gas
Temperature

Graphic Displays en AMS

Continuous Flow Analysis


Advanced Diagnostics

Baseline viewer allows users to immediately see if all advanced


diagnostic parameters are within limits or are indicating flow
disturbances that may effect measurement

Hourly Log
Charts
Generated by
CUI

Hourly Log
Charts
Generated by
CUI

Comparativa con Placa Orificio


Datos:
Q=25MMSCMD, Turnodown = 65:1
P=146 BARG, T=26C

Placa Orificio:AGA 3, 4 Puentes 20 SCH140 Con Run


switching
Ultrasnico: AGA 9 , 1 puente 12 SCH120 .

Diferencia de Medicin tpica = .5%, esto equivale a


125MSCMD (a 0.05 $cents/m3 = u$s6250da)

Instalacin Digital
Q Base

= Q Flow

PFlow

P
Base

TBase

T
Flow

Z Base

Z
Flow

Cromatgrafo
Energa y
Composicin, %ci

n
KCal
= %c iPCali
PCal
3
m i=1

[ ]

KCal
E[KCal] = VBase m 3 PCal 3
m

AGA 7, AGA8
Cross Check AGA 10
Qflow

20D o 3+FP+7D

Ultrasnico,
Qflow por Modbus,
Frecuencia, o
4-20mA

7D

P,T

Resmen de especificacin de performance

Percent Error

Zero flow reading <0.04 ft/sec (for each path)


1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
-0.0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
-1.2
-1.4
-1.6

Repeatability 0.4% (qi < qt)

Expanded error limit +1.4% (qi < qt)


Small meter error limit +1.0%
Large meter error limit +0.7%

Maximum peak-to-peak error 0.7% (qi qt)

Large meter error limit -0.7%


Repeatability 0.2% (qi qt)

qt 0.1qmax
qmin qt

Flow Rate (qi)

Small meter error limit -1.0%


Expanded error limit -1.4% (qi < qt)
qmax

Figure 1 from AGA 9

AGA - 9
Ultrasnicos antes de Calibrar.
0.7

0.5

Percent Error

0.3

0.1
-0.1 0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

-0.3

-0.5

-0.7

Velocity (Feet per Second)

80

90

100

110

AGA - 9
Instalacin

AGA - 9
Medicin Bidireccional

Tarjeta de opcionales
Series 100 & 200

Caractersticas incluidas:

Entradas vivas de presin y temperatura

Salida Analgica configurable

Master Serial Port para GC


Ethernet

HART Series 200 NUEVO!!


AMS Series 200 NUEVO!!

*Disponible con costo adicional

Evaluacin
Caracterisiticas

nicas:

Calculos AGA 7, AGA 8 Detallado 92;


AGA 10; con entrada viva de P y T

Compensacin interna de variacin


de Area por P y T!

AMS HART diagnstico Remoto

Diagnosticos Avanzados CON


HISTORICOS; para mantenimiento
PREDICTIVO
*Disponible con costo adicional

SeniorSonic capacidades de I/O c/ option


board
UNICO!!!!
Optional Local Display
MRT 97

Standard Outputs
4 x Frequency
4 x Digital
2 x Serial (RS232/485)
1 x Ethernet (CUI only)

Gas Chromatograph

Optional Outputs
1 x 4-20mA Analog

Temperature

Optional Software
GC Polling
AGA10 SOS calculator
Archive Logs
Ethernet Diagnostics Comms

Pressure

Optional Inputs
1 x Serial (Modbus Master for GC)
2 x 4-20mA Analog (P&T)

MarkIII Electronics w/S100 Option Board

Evaluacin

Performance

Velocidad de Muestreo; la mas


elevada sin discusin del mercado
insensible a PULSACIONES

Tecnologia de procesamiento de
Seal con menor sensibilidad a
distorsin en el perfil de flujo!!

Mas Veloz haz directo y sin rebote


mejor nocin del perfil de flujo

Mejor Performance
Tecnologa de Rebote:
Perdida de Nocin del
perfil de Flujo, mayor
sensibilidad a la asimetria
en el perfil de flujo implica:
Acondicionamiento mas
exigente, implica mayor
sensibilidad a la suciedad,
mayor ruido y perdida de
carga
Mayor error ante la
perdida de un transductor

THE DANIEL PROFILER


CONDITIONER PLATE

Evaluacin

Sensores

UL Intrinsecamente seguros; implica cambio de


los mismos sin interrupcin de proceso y SIN
HACER SHUT DOWN DE LA UNIDAD

Sensores robustos y sin insercin:


unidad piggiable!!!;
menor riesgo de roturas;
no altera la dinamica de flujo, el cambio no
afecta a la calibracin
La suciedad NO AFECTA la medicin!

Evaluacin

Competidor tipico

Unicos Proveedores con la Opcin de verificacin


de perdida de exactitud ante falla de transductor
SOLO 0.15%
As Found and As Left Results

0.15%!!! Opcional en la
calibracin

0.3

% Error

0.2
0.1
0.0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

-0.1
-0.2
-0.3

Velocity (ft/sec)
Current As Left

Verification Points

Inactive Chord

Linearized Results

90

Calculos @ 4 u$d / MMBTU


4 @ 700.000m3/Dia

Costo prdida de medicin por cambio de transductores

4375 u$d/hora

Costo Por falta ,de exactitud ante la perdida de un transductor


(asumiendo 3% tipico en tecnologia de rebote)

3150 u$d/dia

12 @ 6000.000m3/Dia

Costo prdida de medicin por cambio de transductores

37500 u$d/hora

Costo Por falta de exactitud ante la perdida de un transductor


(asumiendo 3% tipico en tecnologia de rebote)

27000 u$d/dia

Transducer Protrusion

Transductores Daniel
Pequeo = Mejor

Unica Frecuencia

Mayor Velocidad de muestreo

No Insertos

Tamao Unico

Mayor Tamao

Menor energia UL!!!!

Evitar
Transudctores
pequeo e
insertos=alto
riesgo de rotura!!!

Evaluacin

Mayor Frecuencia elimina problema de Ruido de Valvula?

RTA: NO!!!!, Las valvulas Whisper Trim generan ruido hasta el


rango de los 500KHZ
solo reduce tamao de sensor;
Sensor mas pequeo mayor riesgo de rotura si se expone,
Mayor sensibilidad a la suciedad!!!!!