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COllrst! Obj«til!t!S: U.P. Collea:e of Law First Semester Schoolyear 2015-15 Law 154- Local Governments 6pm

COllrst! Obj«til!t!S:

U.P. Collea:e of Law First Semester Schoolyear 2015-15 Law 154- Local Governments 6pm to 9pru, Mondays

By: Pro{ Victoria V. Loanzon

1.

To provide the strtdmts with botlt the CtHfstihttional and statutoryframeworks covering municipal corporations.

2.

To make students aware of the factors in the creation, merger and abolition of local government unhs.

3.

To make the Ddents tbJ/t!lllftiate the typa of local govemlllelll 1111ils 1111d tlleir cOl'respmrding

role in national and local governance including thefanctitms ofspecial IJodies under the Local

6overnment Code (LGC).

4. To know the ext.ent of the powers exercised by local government units and their liabilities including those of officers and employees under contracts and for tort.

5. To lutow .tow /oc,a/ oj/kials 11re elecwl and "l'JJOlnted and lww tlley lll'e subjected to disciplilfary

action.

Note: In reading assigned cases, please pay particular attention to portions of the decision which relate to the topic for discussion.

I.

INTRODUL1TION

A. Ovenriew., Local Govemmeut& (also referred to as · municipal -or public corporations) as part of the Executive Branch Sections 2 and 4, Article X, Constitution and Section 25, Local Government Code (LGC)

Cases: Province ofBa tang as v. Ro mulo , 429 S C RA7 3 6 (20 04) National Liga ng mga Barangay v. Pa redes, G.R. No. 152774� May 27, 2004

8.

Briefl&tory ofLoc:al Governments/Municipal Corporations/Public Corporations in the Philippines

Cases: M un icipality of Catbalog an v. Director of Lands, 17 Phil 216 Mondano v.S ilvosa, 97 Phil 175 (1 955) Hebron v. Reyes,. 104 Phil175 (1958) Ganzon v. Co urt ofAppeals, 200 S C RA 271

C.

Nature and Status

1.

Definition ofMunicipal Corporation/Local Government (Sec. 6, LGC)

2.

Municipal Corporations as Juridical Entities

LGC) 2. Municipal Corporations as Juridical Entities R e fer to relevant Civil Code provisions on

R e fer to relevant Civil Code provisions on juridical persons, state andpolitical subdivisions •Title 1 -CivilPers onality, Civil Code Book 1 - Article 37. pro visions on juridical capacity ·Chapter2 - Natural Persons Chap ter 3 - Juridical Persons in clude the state and its political subdivision. S ec.15 ofLGC Cases:· Villas v. City of Manila 41 Phil, 953 (1 921) Lidasan v. C OMELEC12 S CRA 496 (1 961) Republic v. City of.Davao. G. R. No.148622, S ep tember 12. 2002

City of.Davao. G. R. No. 148622, S ep tember 12. 2002 • 3. Local Gove rnme

3. Local Government Units Barangay (Sections 384-439, LGC) Municipality (Sections 440-447 , LGC) City (Sections 448-458, LGC) Province (Sections 459-490, LGC) Autonomous.Regions(Sedion·S26, LGC; Stttiom 1, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20 and 21, Art. X, Constitution)

Cases: Green hills East Association. Inc. v. E. Ganzon, G.R. No. 169741, Janu ary20, 2010 Alecheaet al v. Pasion et al., G.R. No. 164506, Janu ary19, 201 0

4. Read also Provisions for Implementation (Sections 521-525, LGC); and Section 521- 5-year Mandatory Review of the LGC Section 522- GSIS Coverage ofBanmgay Officials Section. 523- Receipt of Personnel R�tirement and/or Benefits of Affected Employees upon effectivity of the LGC Section 524- Periodic Inventory of Infrastructure and other Community Facilities

Inventory of Infrastructure and other Community Facilities local Governments · Course Outline By: Prof. Vicroria V.

local Governments · Course Outline

By: Prof. Vicroria V. Loamnn

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Page I

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Section 525 - Transfer of Records and Properties affected by the Adoption of the LGC

Section 525 -Transfer of Records and Properties affected by the Adoption of the LGC

Transitory Provisions (Sections 526-533, LGC) Section 526-Applicability ofLGC to Autonomous Regions Section 527-Treatment ofRegular and Recurring Tramactions Sectio 528-Decentralb:ation ofPowers from National Government Agencies Stttion 529-Tr.eatment.of.£.Usting Tax.Ordinances .or RevMea.1ures Section 530-Devolution ofPowen to Local Water Districts Section 531- Debt Relief for Local Government Units

IL

CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK

A. 1987 Constitution

Article Vll, Sections 1 and 17 on The President's power over local governments

Case: The Province of Negros Occidental v. COA, et al., G.R. No. 182574, September 28,

2010

Article X.Sections 1-14 Cases: .Buklod ng Magbubukid sa Lupaing Ramos, Inc. v. E.M. Ramos and Sons, Inc., G.R.

B.

No.

Inc. v. E . M . Ramos and Sons, Inc., G.R. B. N o . l6,

l6, 20l1

Kulayan et aJ v. Gov. Tao, G. R. No. 187298, July 3, 2012

Article XVIII, Section 9

Republic Act 7160 - Local Government Code of 1991, as amended (effectivity date: January l, 1992 )

1.

Emnt ttf application: provinus, cities, munkipatitia, barangays and other political

subdivisions (Sec. 4, LGC)

·

2.

Rules ofInterpretation (Sec. 5, LGC)

3.

Declaration of Policy (Sec. 2, LGC)

Principle ofDevolution (Sec. 17, [4] (e) and (i). LGC) Cases: .Pimentel, Jr. v. Executive Secretary Ochoa, et al, G.R.

CSC v. Dr. Agnes Quida P.Yu, G.R. No. 189041, July 31, 2012

No. 195770, July 17, 2012

•Local Autonomy and National Accountability

Cases:

San Juan v. CivilService Commission 196SCRA 69 (1991)

Pimentel v. A guirre, 336SCRA 201 (2000)

Tan v. COMELEC, 142 SCRA 727 (1986)

Tan v. Perena, 452 SCRA 53(2005)

Batangas CATV, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, 439SCRA 326 (2004)

C A TV , Inc. v. Court of Appeals, 439SCRA 326 (2004) Ill. •Local Autonomy and

Ill.

•Local Autonomy and Decision-Making

Cases: Davao New Town Development Corp. v.Souses Espino et. al., G.R. No.

�mber 11� 2013

174588,

Province ofRizal v. Executive Secretary, 477SCRA 436 (2005)

Veloso v. COA, 656 SCRA 767

Province ofBatangas v. Romulo, supra

Accord v. ExeeutiveSecretary Zamora, 459SCRA 578 (2005)

CREATIO� AND ABOLITION OF MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS

A.

B.

Requisjta. fctr .creation of local govemme.nt units Factors to consider (Sec. 7. LGC): ), Population (NSO), (DENR) 1. Population Requirement:

Income (DOF) and Land Area

( l)All barangays (2) Bar a ngay in MetroManila and other Highly Urbanired Areas

(3) Municipality

( 4 ) City

(5) Province Case: Aldaba v. COMELEC, 611SCRA 137 (2010)

2. lnr.ome: Average two years income requirement under Sec. 450 ofthe LGC:

( l) Province

(2) Highly Urbanized City

(3) Ctyi

(4) Munici p a l ity 3. Land Area Requirements:

(1) Municipality:

(2) C ity: 100

50 sq. km. .lan.

sq.

(1) Municipality: (2) C ity: 100 50 sq. km. . lan. sq. Local Governments · Course

Local Governments · Course Outline

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Page 2

·

By:

Prof. Victoria v. Loamon

c.;�rse Ot;tli�e

- - -- - ---·-·--- - · - -- - - · -

IV.

(3) Province:

2.000 sq.km

Case: Navarro v.

Ermita 613SCRA

C. Creation of municipal corporation

(2010)

is a legislative

131

and 648SCRA 400 (2011)

matter (Sec.

14,

LGC)

Cases: League of Cities ofthe Philippines (LCP)

SCRA 636 (2009), 628SCRA 819 (2010), 643SCRA 149 (2011), 648SCRA 798 (2011)

v.COMELEC, 571SCRA 263(2008), 608

Aqu.ino

Ill andRobredo·v.

COMELEC, 611SCRA137 (2010)

Creation of autonomous regional bodies - Sec.

General Rule:

1, Sec. 4, Sec. 13 &

Sec.

An organic act creates autonomous regional bodies.

·Examples:

14 Article

x

No.

7924 (Metropolitan Manila Development Au.

Powen ofMetropolitan Political and Administratin Body:

Cases: MMDA

v.

Bel-Air Village Assn. mc.,

328SCRA 836

MMDA v. Garin,

MMDA v.

456SCRA

176

Viron Transportation Co.,

Inc., 530SCRA 341

(2007)

R. A.

No. 6734 (Organic Act for ARMM)

Cases: Disomangcop v.

Datumanong, 444SCRA

203 (2004)

Serna

v. Commission on Elections, 558SCRA 700 (2008)

Cases:

Kida v.Senate, 659SCRA 270 (2011) andS.C. R esolution

dated

February 28,

R. A. No. 6766 (Organic Act for Cordillera Autonomous

Ordillo v. COMELEC, 192SCRA

100 (1990)

Region)

2012

Cordillera Broad Coalition v. COA, G. R. No.

LA. No.

79&1

To

be

valid,

be

(Creating

79956, January 29,

1990

tbe CARAGA A:dministrative·Region)

and

merger

29, 1990 tbe CARAGA A:dministrative·Region) and merger The IDlDIDl um not shall D . Division and

The

IDlDIDlum

not

shall

D. Division and Merger (Sec. 8, LGC)

Principle:

the division

shall comply with

fall

the requirements

and land area

of the

shall

ereetion of local government units.

not

classification

classification from such division.

income, population

requirements

below

its

reduced

of

to

less

than

the

the

original

unit

and

the

income

current

income

E. Abolition (Sec. 9,

Principle:

LGC)

A local

government

unit may

be abolished

to

if its

its creation.

invalid or due to

infirmities

relating

creation

is judicially declared

F. .Plebiscite Requirement (Sec.

10, LGC) in creation, division and merger and abolition.

Cases;

Bagabuyo v. C

OMELEC,

573 SCRA 290 (2008)

Samson v.

Tobias v.

Aguirre,

315SCRA 53

Ab alos, 239 106

Classificat.io.n ofprovinces, cities and municipalities (Read E.O.

Status ofde facto municipal

Casa:

Municipality

Navarro

.

done:
done:

corporations

ofSan Narciso, Quezon et al

v. ExecutiveSecretary, supra.

THE

v Hon.

349)

Mendez et al, 239 SCRA 11

by LGU

ESTABLISHING

A.

STATUS OF A LOCAL GOVERNMENT

11, R.A.

7160)

Establishing the Seat of Government (Sec.

How

by law,

1.

2.

3. Procedural requirements

if created by act ofCongress /ordinance if created

WhaH'adon-to consider

B.

Naming

of LGU's (Sec. 13, R.A.

7160)

C.

Settlement of boundary disputes (Sec.

1 18,

LGC, Sec. 15- 19,IRR)

Rules in settlement

of boundary dispJJtes:

1. Regional trial courts

exercise original jurisdiction

over

boundary

disputes

in

involving

a

MUNICIPALITY and an independent component city.

2.

Sangguniang

PanlaJawigan

exercises

original

jurisdiction

over

boundary

disputes

involving two municipalities of the

same province.

 

3.

Joint

Sangguniang

Panlalawigan

exercises

original jurisdiction

over

boundary

disputes

involnng n.·o municipalities ofthe different prmrinces.

 

4.

Sanggunia�.Panlungsod eur.cises original. over boundary. disputes

involving

two

banmgays

of the. same city.

 

5.

.Joint Sang&oniang

Panlungsod

exercises

original

jurisdiction

over

boundary

disputes

involving twobarangays of.two different cities.

.

 

6.

The

regional

trial

court

exercises

APPELLATE

jurisdiction

over

boundary

disputes

among

local

govenunmt units.

- ·--------;:oc;;:TC;ovc�;:,-;;;-;.1:7�
- ·--------;:oc;;:TC;ovc�;:,-;;;-;.1:7�

By:

Prof. Victorin V. Loanzon

Page 3

·

Cases: Calanza v. PICOP, 586 SCRA 408 (2009) City ofPasig v. COMELEC, 314 SCRA 179 (1999) Municipality ofKananga v. Madrona, G.R. No. 141375, April 30, 2003

ofKananga v. Madrona, G.R. No. 141375, April 30, 2003 V. GENERAL POWERS AND ATIRIBUTES·OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

V. GENERAL POWERS AND ATIRIBUTES·OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

A. Sources of Powers (Constitution, Charter, Local Govemment Code and other laws) Note: Review the General Principles Governing the Powers of the State

B. Kinds of Power: Police Power, Power of Eminent Domain, Power to Tax, Delegated Power to

EnadLaws

l. Police Power

Cases:

General Welfare Clause and limitations on the exercise thereof(See 16, LGC) Rimando v. Naguilan Emission Testing Center, Inc., et al., G.R. No. 198860, July 23, 2012 Gancayco v. City Government ofQuezon City and MMDA, G.R. No. 177807, October 11, 2011 The Leaming Center and Spouses Alfonso v. Ayala Alabang Homeowners Association,

Nos. 134269, t33440, L4445 l8, July 7, 2010

Ortigas & Co. v. FEATI Bank, G.R.No. 106440, January 29, 1996 Social Justice Society v. Atien71l, Jr. 517 SCRA 657 (2007) and 545 SCRA 92 (2008) Lucena Grand Central Termioai Inc. v. JAC, 452 SCRA 174 (2005) Parayno v, Jovellanos. 495 SCRA 85 (2006)

City of Manila v. Laguio, Jr. 455 SCRA 308 (2005)

White light Corp. v. City ofManila, 576 SCRA 416 (2009) Albon v. Fernando, 494 SCRA 141 (2006) Boracay Foundation, Inc. v. Province ofAldan, G.R. No. 196870 (2012)

Power to Open and Oose Roads (Sec. 21, LGC, Art. 34-45, IRR) Factors to consider in v.acadng.a street Cases: New Sun Valley Homeowners v. Sangguniang Barangay, G.R. No. 156686 (2011) City of Manila v. Chinese Community, 40 Phil. 349 (1919) Favis v. City ofBaguio, 27 SCRA 1060 Sanggalang v. IAC, 176 SCRA 716 Figuracion v. Libi, 539 SCRA 50 (2007)

Power of Eminent Domain

Requisites for the E�ercise (Sec. 9, Art. ID, 1987 Constitution; Sec. 19, LGC and Art. 32 and 36, IRR; Rule 97, 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure; and DILG Opinion No. 10-1996)

Caseai

Spousei Yu5ay v. C.A., City Mayor and City COWlcil ofMandaluyong City,

v. C.A., City Mayor and City COWlcil ofMandaluyong City, G. No. 156684, April 6, 2011 Province

G. No. 156684, April 6, 2011

Province ofCamaiines Sur v. C. A., 222 SCRA l73 Masikip v. Pasig City, 479 SCRA 391 (2006) Barangay Sindalan, San Fernando, Pampanga v. CA, 518 SCRA (2007) Antonio v. Geronimo, 476 SCRA 340 (2005)

Ortega v. Qty ofCebu, 602 SCRA 601 (2009)

2. PowenofT� andFiacal·Admiuistr.ation Principle: The revenue raised thru local taxation shall be for public purpose.

(a) Local Taxation (Sections 5, 6 & 7, Art. X, 1987 Const, Sees. 128-196, LGC) Requisites for the exercise: publication requirements and public hearing Casa; Ongsuco v. MaJones, 604 SCRA 499 (2009) GSIS v. City Treasurer of Manila, 609 SCRA (2009) Quezon City v. Bayan Teleconunwrications, Inc. 484 SCRA 169 MIAA v. C.A., 495 SCRA 591 (2006)

(b) Limitations on municipal taxing power Cases: Sta Lucia Realty v. City ofPasig, 652 SCRA (2011)

Quezon City v. ABS-CBN

Quezon City v. BayanteJ Communications, 484 SCRA 169 (2006) Yamane v. B.A. Lepanto Condominium Corporation, 427 SCRA 258 (2005)

G.R. No. J 66408

Oct. 6, 2008

(c) Real Property Taution (Sections 232-283, LGC) Read also Sectioos 516, 517, 518., 519 on Penal Provisions, LGC.

local Govcrnment5 - Course Outline By: Prof. Victoria V. Loanzon - Pa�e 4
local Govcrnment5 - Course Outline
By: Prof. Victoria V. Loanzon
- Pa�e 4
Assessment and Appraisal (Sec. 201-231, LGC) Principle: Special Education Fund is the share segregated in

Assessment and Appraisal (Sec. 201-231, LGC)

Principle: Special Education Fund is the share segregated

in the

real property

taxes collected by the local government units.

Case: Secretary ofFinance v. llarde, G.R No.

(May 9, 2005)

(d) Local-1cnemment�1-&b.u:e ma.du Nl.RC

proceeds of

- 1cne mmen t�1 - &b.u:e ma.du Nl.RC proceeds of Internal Revenue Allocation (IRA) is the

Internal Revenue Allocation (IRA) is the share of local government units in the proceeds under the NIRC. (Sections 6 and 7, Art. X, Constitution, Sections 284-294, LGC)

(e) F1Scal Autonomy and Self-

ofLocal Governments

Case: Smart Cormnunicarions, Inc. v. Davao City, 565 SCRA 237 (2008)

(f)

Credit

Fmancing

(Sections

295-303,

LGC;

Read

also

Section

520,

LGC

on

Prohibited Acts)

 

(g)

Local Fiscal Administration (Sections 304-383, LGC)

 

3.

�.Pawen,(Sectiw .
�.Pawen,(Sectiw
.

.&•LCC;

Sec-

Cwaia11ti�,

Note: Apply the concept ofdelegated authority because all kJeal governments are under the executive branch and not the legislative branch of government. (a) Rule on effectivity of ordinances: Unless otherwise stated in the ordinance, local ordinances shall take effect after ten days (10) from posting. (Read Section 511 of LGC oo Pmting and Publication ofOrdinances with Penal Provisions.)

(b) Law -Malling··Capaaty ofL<'

Requisites ofa valid ordinance: Inclusion n1 Legislative Agenda, Consideration by Appropriate Legislative Council, Public Hearing where necessary, and Passage in 3 Readings, Approval by Chief Local Executive, Veto Power, Override Power, Posdng and Publication Rules to be observed in VOTING:

Two-Thirds (2/3) Vote Required

i. Extending loans 01· entering into contracts;

ii. Issuance ofbonds or securities;

iii.

Authorizing the lease ofpublic property;

iv.

Grant of franchises;

. v.

Creatioa-of.LGU li•hility or indebtedness

vi.

Oftr-ridt the veto of the Mayor;

vii. Grant of tax exemptions;

viii. Levy of taxes;

ix. Discipline I suspend a member oftbe sanggunian;

-s. Opening or closing of roads; n '8election and ·transfer of°government site or affices; and

xii. Concurrence in the appointment of personnel

(DILG Opinion No. 107-2003, dat ed 15 August 2003)

Te dtance the name of public structure will historical, cultural and ethnic s.ipitk.ance, a UNANIMOUS vote is requi

Distinction between an Ordinance and a Resolution Rules governing the enactment of ordinances and resolutions (Art. 107, Arts. 108 to

114, IRR, LGC)

(c) Loeal Initiative anditefeftmhml·(Stt. t?4t-tl7·, A:rt. l33·to 153; Illlt)

4. Corporate Powers (Sec. 22, LGC, Art. 46, IRR, Sections 14/15, LGC)

(a) Conditions under which a local

government unit

executive may enter

into a contract in behalfof his

Cases: Land Bank ofthe Philiw.inesv. Cacayurao., G.R No. 191667, April 17, 2013 Vergara v. Ombudsman, 580 SCRA 693 (2009) City ofCaloocanv. CA and, Gotesco, G.R. No. 14500, May 31, 2006

(b)

Authority to negotiate or Stture graots and incurring indebtedness (Sec. 23, LGC)

(c)

Build-Operate-Transfer (Sec. 302, LGC)

Local Governments · Course Outline By: Prof. Victoria V. Loanzon Page 5
Local Governments · Course Outline
By: Prof. Victoria V. Loanzon
Page 5

C. Privil�es

C. Privil�es 1. Immunity from suit Case: Department of Public Services Labor Unions v. Court of

1.

Immunity from suit

Case:

Department of Public Services Labor Unions v. Court of Industrial Relations, l SCRA

316

2.

.Penanality &9APtJUI

Cases: Municipal Board of Cebu Cityv. Court of Tax Appeals, 12 SCRA 645 . Calleja v. Court of Appeal§, 20 SCRA 895

3.

Hirin2 of Private Lawyers

Cases: Province of Cebu v. IAC, 147 SCRA 447

. Municipality ofPifiUa, Rizrlt v. CA., "23"J'SCRA 484

VI.

LIABILITIES OF MUNICIPAL CORPORA'OONS

 
 

A.

General Rule - Sec. 24, Local Government Code (LGC)

B.

Exeeptions as provided by law. Refer to Art. 34 and Art. 2189 Civil Code

Cases: Teotico.v

City

ofMani� 22

SCRA267 (1968)

 

Guilatco v. City of Dagupan, 171 SCRA 382 ( 1989)

 
 

C.

Liability for torts, if engaged in proprietary function (Read Article 2180, Civil Code)

Cases: Palafox v. Province of llocos Norte, 102 Phil. 1186 (1958)

 

Munic

of San Juan,MetroManila v. C.A, 466 SCRA 78 (2005)

Liability under Contracts

 
 

Caaea:

ViceMayorViccnciev.-COA·Chairman Vilbr.et&il.,G.R. Ne, 182069; July3, 2012 MunicipalityofTiwi and Sangguniang Bayan ofTiwi v. Betito, G.R. No. 17 1873, July9, 2010 Fajardo v. Hon. Alfredo S. Lim, G.R No. 132388, April 10, 2006

Bayan ofTiwi v. Betito, G.R. No. 17 1873, July9, 2010 Fajardo v. Hon. Alfredo S. Lim,

E.

Doctrine ofimplied municipal liability contra personal liability

VlL

LlNKAGES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT '\JNlTS'WffHOTHER 'ENTlTIES

A. Intergovernmental Relations of Public Corporations (Art. 59, 62, IRR)

l. Between the national government and other local government units (Sec. 33, LGC)

ernm ent and other local government units (Sec. 33, LGC) Cases: Boracay Foundation, Inc. v. Province

Cases:

Boracay Foundation, Inc. v. Province of Aldan, et al., supra

Filinvest Um.d Inc. v. Flood-effected Homeowners ofMerville Alliance 529 SCRA 790

(2007)

Disomangcop v. Datumanong, supra Province of Batangas v. Romulo, supra Province of Rimi v. Executive Secretary, supra Sampian v. Inda, 608 SCRA 597 (2009)

2.

With Philippine National Police (Sec. 28, LGC)

(2009) 2. With Philippine National Police (Sec. 28, LGC) Case: De Villa et. al. v. The

Case: De Villa et. al. v. The Cityof Bacolod, G.R. No. 80744, Sept. 20, 1990

3. WJtb component cities and municipalities (Sec. 29, LGC)

"B.

Relations with People's and Non-Governmental Organizations (Sections 26, 27, 34, 35 and 36, LGC)

VIII. LOCAL SPECIAL BODIES (Art 181-188, IRR)

A. Local Development Councils (Sec.106, LGC)

B.

Local Bids and Awards Committee (BAC) (Sections 37 and 38, LGC)

Case: Sison v. People, G.R. No. 170339, March 9, 2010

C.

Local School Boatnl (Sec. 98, LGC)

 

D.

Local Health Boards (Sec. 102, LGC)

E.

Loeal- Peace-

.

.-ONerC-till.(Sec.

U�.LGC)

F.

People's Law Enforcement Board, Sec. 43, RA. 6975

Case: Carpio v. Executive Secretary, 206 SCRA 700

G. Liga ng mga Banmg.,.

Cases: Ignacio v. Banate, Jr., 153 SCRA 546

GaJarosa v. Valencia, 227 SCRA 728

·SB ofBarangayUonMarianoMarcos vJ>unong"Barangayseverino·

Martinez

vJ>unong"Barangayseverino · Martinez Local Governments · Course Outline · Page 6 • By:

Local Governments · Course Outline

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Page 6

By: Prof. Victoria V. Loanzon

G.R. No. 170626, March 3, 2008 IX. EXERCISING GOOD GOVERNANCE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL A.

G.R. No. 170626, March 3, 2008

IX. EXERCISING GOOD GOVERNANCE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL

A. Requirements and Prohibitions applicable to all Local Officials and Employees, (Sections 90, 94, 95Art.177,179, IRR)

B.

ELECTIVE OFFICIALS (1) Qualifications (Sections 39, 41 and 42, LGC

Cases:

Macquiling v. COMELEC., G.R. No. 195649, July 2, 2013:

Amora. Jr.

Valles v.

v.

COMELEC

andOlandria. G.R. No. 192280, J anuary 25, 201 l

COMELEC 337 SCRA 543 (2000)

Moreno v. CO:tvfELEC 498 SC'RA 547

Rodriguez v. COMELEC 259 SCRA 296 (1996)

Mercado v. Manzano, 307 SCRA 630 (1999)

Abella v. COMELEC, 201SCRA(1991)

Frivaldo v. COMELEC, 174SCRA253 (1996)

Labo, Jr. v. COMELEC, 176SCRA1 (1992)

174SCRA253 (1996) Labo, Jr. v. COMELEC, 176SCRA1 (1992) (2) Disqualifications (Section 40, LGC) Cases: Dominador

(2) Disqualifications (Section 40, LGC)

Cases:

Dominador Jalosjos v. COMELEC and Cardino, G.R. No. 193237,

October9, 2012

Mayor Tal agav. COMELEC and Alcala. G.R

Cayat v. ·COMELEC, G. R. No. 163716·, Apnl

No. 196804, October9, 2012

24, 2007

Bautista v. COMELEC, G. R. No. 1546-97, October 23, 2003

Bernardo et. al. v. Abalos et. al., G. R. No. 137266, December 5, 2004

(3) Vacancies and succession (Sections 44 to 46, R.A. 7160)

Case1; Uoda v.

COMEl

190SCRA827

Macalingcagv. Chang, 208SCRA413

Permanent vacancies

Temporary vacancies

Resignation

(4) R.ecatt (Sections 69- 7�, LGC and Art. 1� to 162, IRR)

R

eq uisites

Who may be recalled Grounds for recall When recall may not be held

recalled Grounds for recall When recall may not be held Procedure for recall Effcctivity of Recall

Procedure for recall Effcctivity of Recall

(5) Term l.imits and Recall (See RA No.9244)

Cases:

Sandoval v. COMELEC, G.R. No.

154683, October 5� 1993

Montebon v. Commission on Elections, 551 SCRA 50 (2008)

Mendoza v. Familara and COMELEC, G.R. No. 191017, November 15, 20ll

�yorAbundo v. COMELEC, G.R No. 201716, January 8, 2013

C.

Supervision Over and Discipline of Local Officials 1. Applicability of R.A. 6770 - The Ombudsman Act of 1989

Cases:

Ombudsman v. Francisco, Jr. (December 14, 2011)

Mimnda v.Sandiganbayan, 464SCRA165 (2005)

&\astig v. -Sandiganbayan, 2·35 SCRA t03

2. Appointment of Personnel

Case: Eloisa Tolentino v. Atty. Ro y

Loyolaet al., G.R. No. 153809 (2011)

3. Disciplinary Action (Art. 124, IRR)

Procedure in imposing disciplinmy action (Sec. 84, LGC)

Grounds for suspension and remo-wal. (Sec. 60, LGC)

P1·eventive Suspension (Sections 63-64, 85-87, LGC and.Art.127, IRR)/ Jurisdiction ofOmbusman

Cases:

Ombudsman v. Rodri�z, G.R. No. 172700 , July 23, 2010

Espiritu v. Me lgar, 206 SCRA 256

Bwiye v.

Escareal, 226 SCRA332

M e lgar, 206 SCRA 256 Bwiye v. E scare al, 226 SCRA332 - - -

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By: Prof. Victoria V. Loamon

I

'

I ' 4. Ri&)lts of Respondent in Administrative Cases (Art. 129, IRR) Cases: Cases: May or

4. Ri&)lts of Respondent in Administrative Cases (Art. 129, IRR)

Cases:

Cases:

May or T o lenti no v.CO:tv1ELEC, et al., G.

August 10 , 2010 SPO lAcuzarv. Jarolan and H on. Apresa, PLEB, G.R. N o. 1 7787� April 7, 2010

r.

N o.187958, 1879 61 an d 187962

Appeala(Art. 131, IRR)-(.47)

Catu v. Rellosa, 54 6 SCR A 209 (2008) Re pu b l i v. Ram buy ong , 632 SCR A 66 (2010 ) Peop le v. S a nd i anbay an, 559 SCRA 449 (2 008) Sales v. Carreon. Jr. 515 SCRA 597 (2007)

Qui

v.Aumenta do, 570 SCRA 582 (2 008)

·Nazareno v. City ofDumaguete, 602 ·scRA 578 (2 009)

Montuerto v. Ty , 567 SCRA 670 (2008)

X.

BARANGAY JUSTICE (Scctiom 399 to 420, LGC)

.Cases:

Uy.v

Conu:cras,.

.237 SCRA 16.7 (1994)

 

Corpuz v.C.

., 2 74 SCRA 2 75 (199 7)

XI.

ACTS PUNISHABLE UNDER THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE

Stt Penal Provisions (Sections 511-520, LGC)

A. MatRrs .related to publication and posting

"Sectian ·sn - Postinx and Publications ufonfinances with Penal Sanctions

Section 513- }'ailure to Post and Publish the Itemized Monthly Collections and

Disbunements

B.

Matten related to local tax measures

Seetion 516- Penalties for Violation of Tu Ordinances Section 517- Omission of'Proper1Y from Assessment or Tax Rolls by Officers and

other Acts

Section 518- Government Agents Delaying Assessment of Real Property and

Assessment Appeals

Section 519-Failure to Dispose of Delinquent Property at Public Auction

C.

MatRrs related to Barangay Affairs

Sedion·Sl1;- Witbbetding of Bcnefit'S' A�conled to Banmgay Officials

Section 515- Refilsal or Fai1ure of Any Party or Witness to Appear before the Lupon or Pangkat

D.

Prohibitions on Local Government Officials and Staff

Sec.doll 514- Engaging in Prohibited Business Transactions or Possessing Illegal

Pecuniary Interests

Section 520- Prohibited Acts Related to the Award of contracts under the

Provisions of Credit Financing XII. Special Assignment:

Provisions of Credit Financing XII. Special Assignment: 1. Review a local ordinance granting an exemption. to

1. Review a local ordinance granting an exemption. to its zoning law. Objectives: .To Jeam .how a \18J'iance.or. exemption is.obtained and the. nature of the exemption.

To be able to discern if there is really a basis for the grant. 2. Observe the roles of the traffic enforcers of a local government and the MMDA traffic enforcers.

Objectives: To appreciate the lio.kage between a national government agency and a local government miit.

To assess the degree of preparation of both traffic enforcers as they discharge their

respective responsibilities.

3. Interview any of the following: an applicant for a Health Certificate in a local health office;

an applicallt for a

permit m.n the Business Permit and Licensing Office.

liume in the Ovil Registrar's Office; an applicant for a business

Objectives: Review the Citizens' Charter of the local government unit and assess if the

streamlining efforts (reducing the bureaucratic red tape) of a local government unit are closely foUow.ed. To identify the common complaints of applicants. 4. Interview a newly-elected Baraogay Chairman. Objeetives: To-find out his main motivation-why ·he ran .for the post.

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Local Governments - Course Outline

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By:

Prof. Victoria V. Loanzon

' l To find out his program of action for his barangay. Reminders: 1. Every

'

l

To find out his program of action for his barangay.

Reminders:

1.

Every member of the class is expected t-o be familiar with the provisions of Art. X of tbe Constitution and the Local Government Code.

Eyeeyw is�'IJM"d"d.to.md.auign.ed .c.asn.

3.

Each member of the class is expected to participate in class discussions.

4.

If time allows it, oral reports will be required for field assignments.

5.

Make up classes will be resorted to if cancellation of-regular classes is made during the semester.

6.

Schedule of final e:saminations will be stricdy observed.

Computation ofFmal'Grad'e:

50% Final Exams

25% Field Assignment/Report 35°/o Class Attendance and Recitations

REFERENCES:

· BASICLAWS:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Relevant Provisions ofthe 1987 Constitution

Relevant Provisions ofthe Civil Code

Local Government Code of 1991, RA 7160

Relevant Laws on Public Accountability including the provisions ofthe Revised Penal Code

tability including the provisions of the Revised Penal Code Published Books: l. 2. 3. Martin, Ruperto
tability including the provisions of the Revised Penal Code Published Books: l. 2. 3. Martin, Ruperto

Published Books:

the provisions of the Revised Penal Code Published Books: l. 2. 3. Martin, Ruperto G., Public

l.

2.

3.

Martin, Ruperto G., Public Corporations

Pimentel, Aquilino, Jr. Q., The Local Government Code of 1991

·sinco, VicenteG. & · Cortes, lrcneR, · Philippine ·l.aw on · Locat·&wcmments

· Phi lippine · l.aw on · Locat·&wcmments ---·-----------------

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Prof. Victoria V. LoaJJZan