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# PHYSICS, MATHEMATICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TASKS

## concerning using Lego robots

in building industry and environment protection

PHYSICS
Fill in:
1. ____________ of movement we call lines which describes a body performing the
movement.
2. We call a rectilinear motion which ____________ is______________ line.
3. A motion which trajectory is a curve track is called ________________.
4. The length of the trajectory between two points is called _____________ travelled
by the object.
5. Examples of the distance is measured by __________ and __________________.
Solution:
1. ___Trajectory_________ of movement we call lines which describes a body
performing the movement.
2. We call a rectilinear motion which _____trajectory_____ is _____straight________
line.
3. A motion which trajectory is a curve track is called _______curvilinear_________.
4. The length of the trajectory between two points is called the_____distance_____
travelled by the object.
5. Examples of the distance is measured by ___meter____ and ____kilometer_____.

The figure below shows the Wanderer's way from home to school.
A
B

SZKOA
,,,,,,,,,,E
C
EE
D

1. Mark the vector on the figure showing the movement of the Wanderer from home
to school.
2. The beginning of displacement vector is at the point ___________.
3. The end of displacement vector is at the point ___________.
4. Calculate the approximate length of the vector displacement. Assume that 1 cm is
100 m.
5. Calculate the distance travelled by the Wanderer from home to school. Assume
that 1 cm equals 100 m.
6. Calculate the difference between the way Wanderer travels from home to school
and the length of the displacement vector.
7. Describe the displacement vector features.
Solution:
1. Mark the vector on the firgure showing the movement of the Pilgrim from home to
school.
2. The beginning of displacement vector is at the point ____A_______.
3. The end of displacement vector is at the point ______E_____.
4. Calculate the approximate length of the vector displacement. Assume that 1 cm is
100 m.
800m.

5. Calculate the distance travelled by the Pilgrim from home to school. Assume that 1
cm equals 100 m.
0.7 + 2.4 + 4.1 + 4.1 + 0.3 = 11,6cm
11.6 * 100 = 1160m
6. Calculate the difference between the way Pilgrim travels from home to school and
the length of the displacement vector.
1160m-800m = 360m
7. Describe the displacement vector features.
Direction: southeast, length 8cm, turn: southeast, point of application: point A.
Name trajectories of the Wanderer's movement along a geometrically defined route
(square, triangle),following the dark line and along the wall.
Solution:
Rectilinear and curvilinear trajectories.
The Wanderer moves uniformly straight and pulls a colorful block. Name all the
forces the robot must struggle with. What can you say about the values of these
forces? Plot these forces on the graph.

Solution:

## Fg - force of gravity of the robot,

Fn - lift,
Fc thrust of the engines,
Fo drag
These forces are balanced.
Build a running track measuring 2,60 meters for the Pilgrim. Using the circumference
formula calculate the radius of the wheel which will be used to draw a circle.
Solution:
We use the circumference formula 2 r.
260cm=2*3,14*r
260=6,28*r
r=260/6,28
r=41,4cm

1. Measure the time it took the Pilgrim to travel one lap, and calculate the robot's
velocity and impetus.
Solution:
Use the formulae for velocity and impetus:
V=s/t
p=m*v
2. Fill in the table using the data of relationship between the impetus of the
Pilgrim and duration.
p(mkg/s)

0,4
0,2
t(s)
1

t(s)
0
1
2
5
8
12

p(mkg/s)

t(s)
0
1
2
5
8
12

p(mkg/s)
0
0,4
0,6
0,6
0,6
1,4

V(m/s)

Solution:
V(m/s)
0
0,4/m
0,6/m
0,6/m
0,6/m
1,4/m

## m is a mass of the robot.

3. A voice travels 340 m/s. How long will it take you to hear your friend who is
calling you from the end of the room (the room is 7 meters long)?
Solution:
Data:
V=340m/s

Searched:
t= ?

s=7m
V=s/t
t=s/v
t=7/340=0,2s
Answer: It will take you 0,2s. to hear the voice of your friend from the end of
the room.

Build an obstacle course for the Pilgrim. Program it so it travels the course as fast as
it can. Measure the distance and time, then calculate the robot's velocity and
impetus.
Solution:
Use the formulae for velocity and impetus:
V=s/t
p=m*v

Having in mind that the Pilgrim moves with constant speed of 0,3 m/s, fill in the gaps:
t(s)

s(m)

10

15
9

12

Using the data from the table plot the graph of relationship between the distance and
time.
Solution:

t(s)

10

30

40

15

s(m)

1,5

12

50

Three teams have to perform a clean-up work. The first team would accomplish this
task within 12 days, a second team within 15 days, and the third team in 8 days.
What time would all the teams need to accomplish this task if we assume that they
will work together?

Solution:
x- number of days needed for all three teams to carry the task
The efficiency of the first team 1/12 x
The efficiency of the second team 1/15 x
The efficiency of the third team 1/8 x
The equation will be as follows:
1/12 x+1/15 x+1/8 x = 1
10/120 x+8/120 x+15/120 x = 1
33/120 x = 1
x = 1/

33
120
=1 *
120
33

x=3

7
11

7
days.
11

Calculate an average velocity of the Pilgrim clearing up the plot.
Solution:
Data:
s a distance travelled by the Pilgrim during the clean-up
t time needed by the Pilgrim to do the clean-up
To find:
V avg. =?
Solution:
V avg. = s:t
To get the average velocity divide distance by.

Calculate the average velocity of the Pilgrim cleaning up the mock-up.

Solution:
Data:
s a distance the Pilgrim travelled
t time
To find:
V avg =?
Solution:
V avg = s:t
Divide the distance by time to get the average velocity.

Explain why different objects have different colors?
Solution:
The white light is a mixture of lights of different colors. An object is seen as white if it
reflects all of the components of white light, and the object is seen as red when it
reflects the red light and absorbs other colors.
Use the Pilgrim and a prism to refract the white light into other several colors. List
colors you see passing continuously one into the other in the spectrum of white light.
Which color of light is dispersed quicker and which is the slowest?
Solution:
White light is a mixture of these colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet.
The red light is dispersed quickly, whereas the violet light is dispersed slowly.
Observe the colored blocks through a red light filter. What have you noticed?
Solution:
Only red light is dispersed by a light filter and all the other colors are absorbed. The
colored blocks which are of different color than red will be seen as black when we
look at them through the red light filter.

Perform needed calculations and fill in the gaps in the table.
No.

Force F(N)

Distance s
(m)

20

400

90

150

240

Work W(J)

Time (s)
50

2700
10500

60
120
60

15

Power P(W)

7500

20
50

Solution:
Use these formulae:
W= F*s;
P=

W
t

No.

Force F(N)

Distance s
(m)

Work W(J)

Time (s)

Power P(W)

20

400

8000

50

160

30

90

2700

45

60

150

70

10500

120

87,5

240

1200

60

20

500

15

7500

150

50

Using a kitchen scale calculate the influence of gravity force over the Strongman.
Assume the gravitational acceleration is 10 m / s2.
Solution:
Data:
g=10m/s2
the Strongmans mass given in kilograms
To find:
Fc=?
Use given formula
Fc= m*g and the result is given in Newtons.

What kind of work will the Strongman perform by lifting the can of GREEN-UP drink?
Measure the quantities needed with proper instruments.
Solution:
Data:
m=0,276kg
h=14 cm=0,14m
g=10m/s2
To find:
W=?
W=Ep=m*g*h
W= 0,276*0,14*10(kg*m*m/s2)=0,3864J
The Strongman moved the can of GREEN-UP drink for 50 cm moving on the flat
table. Calculate work the Strongman did.
Solution:
Work equals 0J because the force of the direction perpendicular to the direction of
movement of the body does not perform any work.
The Strongmans engine Power is 0,4 W. It marched for 5 minutes. What work was
performed by the Strongmans engine?
Solution:
Data:
P=0,4W, t=5min=300s
To find:
W=?

W=P*t=0,4*300(W*S)=120J
The Strongman dropped the can of GREEN-UP drink from the edge of the table.
What velocity will the can have when it is near the ground? Measure the height of the
table with a measuring tape.
Solution:
Data:
h=0,75m; g=10m/s2
To find:
V=?
According with rule of conservation of energy there is an equality Ep=Ek, so
m*g*h=1/2*m*v2
when simplified:
V2=2*g*h
V=

## Answer: The cans velocity is circa 3,9 m/s.

Calculate the kinetic energy of the Strongman travelling a distance of 100 cm. Use
proper instruments to measure specified quantities.
Solution:
Data:
s=100cm= 1m
m=1,25kg
t=4,2s
To find:

Ek=?
V=1:4,2(m/s)=0,238m/s
Ek=1/2*m*v2=1/2*1,25*0,2382(kg*m/s)=0,0354J.
Answer: Kinetic energy of the Strongman equals 0,0354J.

Using a kitchen scale calculate the influence of gravity force over Amoeba. Assume
the gravitational acceleration is 10 m / s2.
Solution:
Data:
g = 10m / s2
Amoebas weight in kilograms
To find:
Fc =?
Use the formula:
Fc = m * g, and the result is given in Newtons.
Calculate the pressure Ameoba exerts on the ground. Estimate the area of the
Amoebas parts that touch the ground with the use of graph paper.
Solution:
Data:
m= 1,35kg , g=10m/s2
s- the area of the Amoeba parts that touch the Grodnu is Niven in square meters
To find:
p=?
F=1,35kg*10m/s2= 13,5 N

## Use the formula:

p= F : s and result is given in Pascals.

What work will be performed by Amoeba when it will be moving for 2 minutes?
Amoeba engines power is 0,4W.
Solution:
Data:
P=0,4W, t=2min=120s
To find:
W=?
W=P*t=0,4*120(W*S)=48J

What is the result of collision of Amoeba with an obstacle? What kind of influence is
it?
Solution:
Mutual influence of the bodies is direct, but the results of the influences will be:
Static a body deformation,
Dynamic change in bodys velocity.
Draw vectors of forces balancing the forces influencing Amoeba. Name those forces
and state their sources.

Solution:

Fc

## Fg a robots gravity force,

Fn the lift force,
Fc the thrust force of the engines,
Fo drag
These forces are in balance.

A. Make your prediction for the black and white lines on the graph using data
logging. Label each line clearly. Why and how did you decide?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

## PREDICTION OF THE COLOR

100

80
60
40
20
0
0

0 ,5

1 ,5

2 ,5

B. Based on the black and white sensor values, what kinds of colors do you think will
produce high color sensor readings in general? Lighter or darker?
A. Add lines to the graph below, showing what you think the lines for the colors red,
blue, green and grey will look like. How did you decide? why?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

## PREDICTION OF THE COLOR

100
80
60
40
20
0
0

0 ,5

1 ,5

2 ,5

B. Now, measure the actual readings of the color sensor and state it in the table.
Color

Red
Blue
Green
Grey
Black
White

A. Whats the difference between color and hue / shade ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

B. Why is it important to choose shades of the same color for this comparison?
Because in order to make a fair comparison, you needed to eliminate as many other
possible factors as possible. This is directly related to the fair test concept, where
external factors which bias the comparison need to be eliminated or controlled as
much as possible. If you did not do so, the real reason for the difference would be
unclear is it the thing youre examining, or the other unintended difference?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

Suppose the robot runs through a 10m stretch of tube/ cylinder and gives the
following data..

What does each arrow represent? ( the leftmost arrow, rightmost and middle arrow):
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

## Why the middle arrow has a lower sensor reading?

___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

A. Make your prediction for the black and white lines on the graph using data
logging. Label each line clearly. Why and how did you decide?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

## PREDICTION OF THE COLOR

100

80
60
40
20
0
0

0 ,5

1 ,5

2 ,5

B. Based on the black and white sensor values, what kinds of colors do you think will
produce high color sensor readings in general? Lighter or darker?
A. Add lines to the graph below, showing what you think the lines for the colors red,
blue, green and grey will look like. How did you decide? why?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

## PREDICTION OF THE COLOR

100
80
60
40
20
0
0

0 ,5

1 ,5

2 ,5

B. Now, measure the actual readings of the color sensor and state it in the table.
Color

Red

60

Blue

40

Green

50

Grey

65

Black

5-10

White

90

A. Whats the difference between color and hue / shade ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

B. Why is it important to choose shades of the same color for this comparison?
Because in order to make a fair comparison, you needed to eliminate as many other
possible factors as possible. This is directly related to the fair test concept, where
external factors which bias the comparison need to be eliminated or controlled as
much as possible. If you did not do so, the real reason for the difference would be
unclear is it the thing youre examining, or the other unintended difference?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

Suppose the robot runs through a 10m stretch of tube/ cylinder and gives the
following data..

What does each arrow represent? ( the leftmost arrow, rightmost and middle arrow):
Hole ,
___________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

## Why the middle arrow has a lower sensor reading?

Hole ,

MATHEMATICS

Draw a square, an equilateral triangle and hexagon with a side of 65 cm. Calculate
the area and circumference of these figures.
Solution:
a=65cm

## Use these formulae:

Triangle:
P=a2

3 /4

Circumference=3a
P=65*65 3 /4=4225 3 /4=1056,25 3 cm2
Circumference=3*65=195cm.
Square:
P=a2
Circumference =4a
P=65*65=4225cm2
Circumference =4*65=260cm.
Hexagon:
P=6a2

3 /4

Circumference =6a
P=6* 65*65 3 /4=6*1056,25 3 = 6337,5 3 cm2
Circumference = 6*65=390cm.

The area of the square equals 4225cm2, triangle = 1056,25 3 cm2, and hexagon's
area is 6337,5 3 cm2 . The circumference of square equals 260cm, triangle =
195cm, and hexagon's circumference is 390cm.

The graph shows the relationship between the velocity and time of the Pilgrim during
12 minutes of its working.

V(cm/min) 300

50
1

t(min)

## 1. The Pilgrim moved with a speed of ____________________ for 2 minutes.

2. With a ration of 200 cm / min the Pilgrim moved between ______ min to
_______min.
3. During the whole operating time the Pilgrim stopped ___________ time(s).
4. The total operating time was _________min.
5. The distance the Pilgrim travelled with the speed of 100 cm / min
is _________cm.
6. The distance traveled by the Pilgrim during 12 minutes is ______________.
7. The Pilgrim, moving with the speed of 300 cm / min, travelled ______ times
greater distance than when it was moving with a speed of 150 cm / min.
8. The average velocity of the Pilgrim during the whole operating time is _____ cm /
min.
Do necessary calculations.

Solution:
1. The Pilgrim moved with a speed of ______300 cm/min_________ for 2 minutes.
2. With a ration of 200 cm / min the Pilgrim moved between______2min_________ to
_______4min______.
3. During the whole operating time the Pilgrim stopped _____1______ time(s).
4. The total operating time was _____1min____________.
5. The distance the Pilgrim travelled with the speed of 100 cm / min
is ______200cm_________.
6. The distance traveled by the Pilgrim during 12 minutes is ______________.
600cm + 400cm + 200cm + 500cm + 300cm = 2000cm
7. The Pilgrim, moving with the speed of 300 cm / min, travelled ___2___ times
greater____ distance than when it was moving with a speed of 150 cm / min.
8. The average velocity of the Pilgrim during the whole operating time is ___ 167cm /
min _____.
2000cm / 12min = 166, (6) cm / min.

Use a running track measuring 2,60 meters to count:
1. How many laps will a sprinter run for:
a) 100m,
Solution:
100/2,6=38,46
Answer: He must run 38,5 laps.
b) 200m,
Solution:
200/2,6=76,92
Answer: He must run 77 laps.
c) 400m,
Solution:
400/2,6=153,85
Answer: He must run 153 laps.

d) 800m,
Solution:
800/2,6=307,69
Answer: He must run 308 laps.
e) 5 km,
Solution:
5000/2,6=1923,08
Answer: He must run 1923,08 laps.
f) 10km
Solution:
10 000/2,6=3846,15
Answer: He must run 3846,15 laps.

2. Calculate the area of a given athletics stadium and an area of a given running
track.
Solution:
Use the formula for area of circle r2.
The width of the running track 20,5cm.
41,4 20,5=20,9cm
P (inner circle) = 3,14*20,9*20,9=1371,5834 cm 2
P (outer circle)=5381,8344cm2 - 1371,5834 cm2 = 4010,251 cm2.
Answer: The area of the stadium and the running track is 5381,8344cm2
and 4010,251 cm2 respectively.
3. Calculate the circumference of the stadium.
Solution:
Measure the radius of the stadium and calculate the circumference with the
2 r formula.
4. What percentage of the whole stadium is a running track?
Solution:
4010,251 cm2 / 5381,8344cm2 =0,745
0,745*100%= 74,5%
5. How many acres is the athletics stadium area?

Solution:
The area of a stadium =5381,8344cm2= 0,53818344m2= 0,0053818344 acres.
6. How many minutes did it take the Pilgrim to run 6.5 kilometers on the 2.60
meter long stadium if it travelled one lap in 12 seconds?
Solution:
6500m/2,6m= 2500 laps
2500*12min=30000s=500min=8,5 h
Change hours to minutes. Find the answers in the box and fill the gaps in the table

Hours

45 min O

50 min I

75 min D

25 min

20 min U

33 min E

10 min H

30 min R

66 min W

40 min C

15 min T

6 min

1/2
h

1/3
h

2/3
h

1/6
h

0,25 0,75
h
h

0,1
h

1,25
h

0,5
h

3/4
h

1,1
h

5/6
h

0,55
h

Hours

Solution:
1/2 1/3 2/3
h
h
h

1/6
h

0,25 0,75
h
h

0,1
h

1,25
h

0,5
h

3/4
h

1,1
h

5/6
h

0,55
h

Minutes

30

20

40

10

15

45

75

30

45

66

50

33

Minutes
Letter

Letter

Build a plot with the completed house within its boundaries basing on the given
architectural plan. Do the necessary calculations related to the scale of the map.

Solution:
Calculate the actual dimensions of the plot, outbuildings and skips:
Plot:
Width: 20cm*10=200cm
Length:10cm*10=100 cm
House:
Width : 6cm * 10= 60 cm
Lenght: 3,6 cm * 10=36 cm
Outbuildings:
1. Width : 1cm * 10= 10 cm
Length: 0,4 cm * 10=4 cm

## 2. Width : 0,9cm * 10= 9 cm

Length: 0,6 cm * 10=6 cm
Skip:
Width : 0,5cm * 10= 5 cm
Lenght 0,4 cm * 10 = 4 cm
Build the construction site.
Calculate the area of the built plot and other buildings on this plot. What part of the
area of the whole plot is an area occupied by buildings on this plot?
Solution:
Use the formula of the area of the rectangle.
P= a*b
The area of the plot:
200cm*100cm=20 000cm2
The area of the outbuildings:
60cm*36 cm=2160 cm2
10cm*4cm=40cm2
9cm*6cm=54cm2
The area of the skip:
5cm*4cm=20cm2
6*20=120cm2
What part of the area of the whole plot is an area occupied by the outbuildings?
2160+40+54=2254
2254/20 000=0,1127.

Calculate the cubature of the house on a plot and the outbuildings. The house is 50
cm high. How many cm3 are there per a single person, if there are three people living
there?
Solution:
The houses cubature:
2160*50=108 000cm3
The cubature of the outbuildings:

40*50=200cm3
54*50=2700cm3
108 000:3=36 000 cm3.
Answer: There are 36000 cm3 of the building per each person.

How many centimeters of the fence is needed to acquire in order to enclose the
entire plot? The main gate is 4cm wide, and two wickets are 1 cm wide each.
Solution:
4cm+2*1cm= 4cm+2cm=6cm
Calculate the area of the plot:
2*200cm+2*100cm=600cm
600cm-6cm=594cm.
Answer: In order to enclose the entire plot 594 cm of the fence are needed.

Delineate a line of the sidewalk and the main entrance to the plot on the mock-up
which are meant to be tiled with square tiles of 1.5 cm each. How many tiles should
you use?
Solution:
The sidewalk and the entrance are 6cm wide, and 4 cm long.
The area of the sidewalk and the entrance is:
6cm*4cm=24cm2
The tiles area is:
1,5cm*1,5cm=2,25cm2
How many tiles are necessary to be used:
24:2,25=10,(6).
Answer: 11 tiles will be used.

How many apple trees can be planted on part of the plot with dimensions of 25cm x
12cm, if one fully-grown apple tree should cover an area of 25cm2 to fruit?

Solution:
Calculate the area of the part of the plot on which the fruit trees will be planted:
25cm*12cm=300cm2
How many trees can be planted?
300:25=12
Answer: 12 trees can be planted.

1 liter of paint is enough to paint 8m2 of a flat surface. How many liters of paint will be
used to paint a cubic container of 8m3 volume? The container will be painted inside
and outside.
Solution:
Calculate the edge of the container:
a3 = 8
a=

a=2m
The area of the container:
P = 6a2
P=6*22=6*4=24m2
24*2=48m2
How many litres of paint are needed?
48:8=6
Answer: 6 litres of paint is needed to paint the container.

There is the same amount of air in the given room like in the cube which edge is 4 m
long. Is it possible for 7 people to stay in that room if it is known that one person
needs 6m3 of air to breathe?

Solution:
Calculate the volume of the room:
V= 43=64m3
The number of people who can stay inside the room:
64:6=10,(6)
Answer: There can be 7 people in the room.

Brimful skips and garbage containers pose increasing problems with their disposal.
Each of us produces approximately 300 kg of garbage per year. How many 8 ton
cars do we have to use to dispose of annual collection of garbage from our town?
Solution:
Number of citizens living in Zawiercie: 51 860
300 * 51860= 15558000kg the number of kilograms of garbage collected in town
15558000:8=1944750
Answer: We need 1944750 cars to remove the garbage from the town.
Composting the wastes produced in a single household reduces the overall amount
of rubbish. Approximately 1/4 of waste generated in the household and the garden is
compostable. How many kg of waste is composted in the household with a family of
five? What percentage of all wastes from Zawiercie constitute the garbage of this
family? Present the result as exponential notation.

Solution:
The amount of garbage collected in the household of five
300*5=1500kg
1500:4=375kg- the amount of wastes able to be composted
1500-375=1125kg
Calculate what percentage of all wastes from Zawiercie constitute the garbage of the
given family.
(1125: 15558000)*100%=0,007231%=7,231*10-3 %.

In a town, solid waste removal costs 10 zloty per person in case of segregated
wastes, otherwise the amount for removal is 15 zloty per person. There has been a
15% increase of charge for that service in June. How much money will a family of five
pay for removal of waste in both cases? How much money will they save if they
segregate wastes?

Solution:
The bill for segregating wastes will amount:
0,15*10=1,5
1,5*5=7,5
10*5=50
50+7,5=57,50z
The bill for non-segregated wastes
0,15*15=2,25
2,25*5=11,25
15*5=75
75+11,25=86,25z
86,25-57,50=28,75z
Answer: The family will save 28,75 zloty per month.

A garbage bin volume is 2 litres. Calculate how many bins of that type full to the brim
are needed to fill in 75% the tank with a volume of 3m3.
Solution:
2l= 2dm3=0,002m3
0,75*3=2,25m3
2,25:0,002=1125
Answer: We need 1125 two-litre bins.

In Poland, 530 000 tons of paper waste are used annually. A paper recovery rate is
35%. How many tons of paper are recovered in Poland?
Solution:
0,35*530 000=185500t
Answer: 185500 tons of paper are annually recovered in Poland.

In Poland, 12% glass (42 500 tons) is annually recovered from the whole waste glass
amount. How many tons of waste glass are produced in Poland annually?
Solution:
42 500 : 12%= 42 500 : 0,12= 354166,7 t
Answer: 354166,7 tons of waste glass are produced in Poland annually.

Three piles of garbage weight a total of 26kg. The ratio of their weight is 1: 5: 7. How
much weigh the heaviest?
Solution:
1+5+7=13- number of all piles
26:13=2- a part of one pile
7*2=14kg
Answer: The heaviest garbage pile weighs 14kg.

The waste removal company hires 6 men more than women, and for every 4 women
there are 5 more men. How many employees does the company employ?
Solution:
x - number of women
x+6- number of men
Use an equation
4(x+6)=5x
4x+24=5x

5x-4x=24
x=24
24+24+6=54
Answer: The company hires 54 employees.

The Pilgrim's task is to sow 1.5 hectare of land in the shape of a rectangle with an
ecologic type of grain. How long will it take it to sow this area? Using a mock-up of
1,5m x 2m make the appropriate measurements and answer the question.
Solution:
It takes the Pilgrim 180 seconds to sow the whole area with seed - those are the
measured results.
The mock-up's area is
1,5*2=3m2
1,5 ha=15000m2
15000m2: 3 m2=5000
240*5000=900000 seconds = 15000 minutes = 250 hours
Answer: The Pilgrim will sow the area in 250 hours.

The Strongman consumes 248 kcal when marching for 60 minutes. How many cans
of GREEN-UP drink would it have to drink to travel a distance of 100 cm? Show the
relationship between joules and calories. Find the required data on the can.
Solution:
By reading the information from the can we know that 114kcal=477kJ.
114cal=477J
We derive the relationship between calories and Joules dividing by 114 and we get
1cal= 477:114J
1cal=4,184J.
We know that

60min - 248kcal
1min - 248:60kcal=4,13kcal
1 s - 0,0688(3)kcal
4,2 s- 0,2891 kcal
From the previous task we know that the Strongman travels 100 cm in 4,2 seconds
so it Leeds 0,2891 kcal to accomplish this task.
How much drink will the Strongman need to drink?
0,2891kcal:114kcal=0,0254.
Answer: The Strongan will drink 0,0254 of the cans volume.

Build a slalom for Amoeba. State the starting and stopping point. Measure the time
Amoeba needs to finish the slalom, measure the courses length and measure its
velocity.
Solution:
Data:
s distance travelled by Amoeba,
t time Amoeba needs to travel the course [s]
To find:
V avg =?
Solution:
V avg = s:t
Divide distance by time to find out what the average velocity is.

(A) In groups of three to four students, create and label a straight line (made from
strip) that is divided in 5 points as follows:

Start,

Checkpoint 1,

2,

START

3,

Finish.
FINISH

(B) Program the robot (ROBOMATH) to reach to the Finish line. As the robot moves
along the straight line, from Start point to Finish point, time the progress of the robot
at each checkpoint i.e. Checkpoint 1, 2, 3 and at the Finish line and record the time
the robot crosses each mark.
(C) Repeat the activity for each robot.
(D) Identify the equation that can be used to calculate times for longer courses.
(E) Repeat the activity with different types of robots and compare the slopes of all the
robots times.

START

FINISH

## Figure 1, Straight Line course

Table 1
Robot name
_________

Checkpoint 1

Checkpoint 2

Checkpoint 3

Finish

Summary:
Students will work in groups of three to four. Each team will time various robots
progression at four points on a straight-lined course (see figure 1) and will use the
time data to create X/Y tables with equations and a coordinate graph to show and
compare slopes.
Outline:
Organize the times each robot passed the checkpoints and the finish line in a
data table for each robot tested.
Write and use an equation to calculate the times when the robots would cross
checkpoints on a longer course.
Use the data table to construct a coordinate graph showing the slopes for
each robot timed.
Activity A:
A. Organize the time information from each of the robots drag race in a data table
(see Sample Chart and Data Worksheet). Each group will develop an equation that
will be used to calculate times at other checkpoints along the same course as well as
along the length of a longer course.
Student groups will use a piece of graph paper to create a coordinate graph to plot
the slopes for each robot drag race.
Students will plot the ordered pairs for each race by using a different color for each
robot.
Robot name: the RoboMath
Chart:
X (checkpoints)
0 (start)
1
2
3
4 (finish)

Equation

Y (time in secs)

Ordered pair

Compare the results with the other teams. Did you come up with the same
equation? If not, what factor do you believe was the main one for this result?

Activity B:
Complete the two different following charts. Use the information given to figure out
the missing gaps:
(Create and use an algebraic equation to make probable predictions).
Robot name: the Baymax
Chart:

X checkpoints

Equation
_________

1
2
3
4 (finish)
Robot name: the Robix
Chart:
X checkpoints
Equation
_________
1
2
3
4 (finish)

Y (seconds)

Ordered pair

3.5

(1, 3.5)
(2, ___)
(3, 10.5)
(__ , __)

10.5

Y (seconds)

Ordered pair

(___, __ )
(2, 8)
(3, ___ )
(__ , __ )

## Which robot won the race? ___________

How much faster did he run the course? ___________
If the course was twice as long, what would be the finishing times for:
the Baymax __________ , the Robix _______________

Create a coordinate graph on a piece of graph paper to show slopes for the
Baymax and , the Robix. Use different colors for the 2 slopes.

## SOLUTIONS TO TASKS 24, 25

For this activity we used a tape of length 40cm which we divided into four parts.
Afterwards, we measured the times of five different robots at the checkpoints and
noted the results in the table below.
START

Robot name

Checkpoint 1

Checkpoint 2

FINISH

Checkpoint 3

Finish

RoboMath1

0.528 s

1.012s

1.564s

2.237s

RoboMath2

0.626s

1.172s

1.568s

2.195s

RoboMath3

0.544s

0.990s

1.452s

1.902s

RoboMath4

0.493s

0.903s

1.406s

1.840s

## We plotted the points on coordinate

axes for each robot.

## The formula for the regression line is = + , where = , = .

The lines of best fit for each robot were calculated by Geogebra:
Robot Name
RoboMath1
RoboMath2
RoboMath3
RoboMath4

Equation
= 0.569 0.0845
= 0.51 + 0.11
= 0.45 + 0.09
= 0.45 + 0.02

Slope
0.564
0.51
0.45
0.45

Activity:

Complete the two different following charts. Use the information given to figure out
the missing gaps:
(Create and use an algebraic equation to make probable predictions).
Robot name: Baymax
X checkpoints

Equation
_________

1
2
3
4 (finish)

2

Equation:

10.53.5
31

Y (seconds)

Ordered pair

3.5
7
10.5
14

(1, 3.5)
(2, 7)
(3, 10.5)
(4 , 14)

Y (seconds)

Ordered pair

4
8
12
16

(1, 4 )
(2, 8)
(3, 12)
(4 , 16 )

= 3.5

3.5 = 3.5( 1)
= 3.5

## Robot name: Robix

X checkpoints

Equation
_________

1
2
3
4 (finish)

84

Gradient = 2 1 = 21 = 4
2

Equation:

4 = 4( 1)
= 4

## Which robot won the race? Baymax

How much faster did he run the course? 2 seconds
If the course was twice as long, what would be the finishing times for:
Baymax: 28 seconds, Robix: 32 seconds

## Create a coordinate graph on a piece of graph paper to show slopes for

Baymax and Robix. Use different colors for the 2 slopes

Robix

Baymax

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Find Polish equivalents of words: algorithm, instruction, flowchart, list of steps, verbal
description, rectangle

Write the algorithm in the form of a list of steps and a flowchart for the Pilgrim moving
forward in a straight line forward for 2 seconds.
Use the Word to do the task and save it on your desktop as "thePilgrim".doc

List of steps
1. Start the Pilgrim.
2. Immediately start the left and right engines for 2 seconds.
3. Stop the Pilgrim.

A flowchart

START
Move forward for 2 s.

STOP

## Programming language LEGO

Start block

Move Steering block is responsible for moving forward the two engines. You must
select one of three modes:
Depending on the time (On for Seconds)
Depending on the number of degrees (On for Degrees)
Depending on the number of rotations (On for Rotations),
direction of the robot's movement, the power of the engines.

Podaj przykady zastosowania Wdrowca z wykorzystaniem: Give the examples of
using the Pilgrim for:
a) linear algorithm - moving forward, backwards, moving from school to home
b) conditional algorithm - waste segregation
c) iteration:
a fixed number of iterations move along a square, triangle, hexagon
with When the instruction is repeated until the condition is met - cleaning the
building site,
When the condition is checked first, and only its performance allows
execution of instructions.

Write the algorithm in the form of a list of steps showing the movement of the Pilgrim
along the sides of a square (a side being 65 cm).
Calculate the distance in meters for 1, 2,.... 10 laps using the spreadsheet. Name the
Save the file on your desktop as "wedrowiec.xls"

lap
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

List of steps:
1. Start
2. Forward for 0,65m
3. Turn right
4. Forward for 0,65m
5. Turn right
6. Forward for 0,65m
7. Turn right
8. Forward for 0,65m
9. Turn right
10. Stop

side a
[cm]

side a
[m]

distance
travelled [m]

lap
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

side a
[cm]
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

side a
[m]
0,65
0,65
0,65
0,65
0,65
0,65
0,65
0,65
0,65
0,65

distance
travelled [m]
2,6
5,2
7,8
10,4
13
15,6
18,2
20,8
23,4
26

Write the algorithm in the form of a list of steps for the way the Pilgrim must travel
from home to school according to the following figure (the scale being 1cm: 100m).
Calculate the way from home to school in meters including the condition that the

List of steps:
1. Start
2. Forward for 70 m
3. Turn left
4. Forward for 240 m
5. Turn right
6. Forward for 410 m
7. Turn left
8. Forward for 410 m
9. Turn left
10. Forward for 30 m
11. Stop

Draw a table using a spreadsheet. Use the data from the Physics lesson. Enter the
appropriate formula for calculating velocity checking the condition of "Do not divide
by 0". Save the spreadsheet as "velocity".
DISTANCE
[cm]

TIME [s]

VELOCITY
[cm/s]

TIME [s]

VELOCITY
[cm/s[

Notes

Draw the line graph of the relationship between the distance and time of the Pilgrim.
Program the Pilgrim to move forward in a straight line for 20 seconds
.

Program the Pilgrim so it moves from one line to another and turns in the spot.
In order to make the Pilgrim turn in the spot we should"
set the direction of the left engine movement backwards,
set the direction of the right engine movement forward,
set the same speed for both engines.

Algorithm (flowchart)
List of steps

START

1. Start.
2. Instantaneous start the both

Move forward

rotations.

Turn

## 3. Turning in the spot.

4. Instantaneous start the both

Move forward

## engines for specified time/number of

rotations.

STOP

1.

2.

5. Stop.

3.

4.

5.

Program the Pilgrim so it moves along the sides of a square (one side being 65 cm).

Program the Pilgrim to move along a regular octagon.

Write Polish words.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

sorted by:
blocks
a machine
the way of doing something
sorting
sorted by:
the blocks used during IT class
f.e. touch
a plan

O B

G O R

O W

2
4
6

P O R

L
Z

D K

A W

O W

A N

O R M S

10 P R O