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2012 China International Conference on Electricity Distribution (CICED 2012)

Shanghai, 5-6 Sep. 2012

Comparing Smart Grid Technology Standards Roadmap of


The IEC, NIST and SGCC
Xin MIAO Xi CHEN Xiao-ming MA

Ge LlU

Hua FENG Xi SONG

China Electric Power Research Institute

Sichuan Electric Power Company -

-P.R.CHlNA

P.R.CHINA

miaox@epri.sgcc.com.cn

miaox@epri.sgcc.com.cn

Abstract-strong and smart is the essential requirement of

new directions.!n order to standardize and guide the Smart

the development of modern power grid and the twenty-first

Grid standards system construction, IEC (International

Century

energy

bearing

in

Electrical Commission), NIST (Institute of Standards and

development

response

to

driving

changing

force.

in

the

Smart

grid

environment,

improving energy efficiency, reducing carbon emissions is an


important

mission.

Smart

grid

has

become

the

new

development trend and new directions of the world power


grid. The effective coordination of demands interest group of

Technology) and SGCC (STATE GRID Corporation of


China) have developed roadmap for the Smart Grid [5-10].
In 2009 April, IEC set up a Smart Grid strategy working
group (Smart Grid Strategy Group 3, SG3), responsible for

Smart Grid, promote the orderly development of smart grid.

the Smart Grid standards system and study on technical

The main purpose is to realize Smart Grid interoperability

roadmap. In 2010 May completed and released "IEC

and to guarantee open framework of Smart Grid. The IEC

Smart Grid Standardization Roadmap Edition 1.0" [6].

(International

Electrical

Commission),

NIST

(National

Institute of Standards and Technology) and SGCC (STATE


GRID Corporation of China) issued technology standards
roadmap of Smart Grid. From technology view of Smart Grid,
the IEC include 13 domains. From view of interest group of
Smart Grid, according to the United States market conditions,
the NIST covers 7 domains. The SGCC covers 8 domains,

And IEC plans to release edition 2.0.


NIST, responsible for the United States, leading Smart
Grid technology standard system research, in 2010 January
issued a "NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid
Interoperability Standards, Release l.0. In 2012February
NIST officially issued the Release 2.0.

according to Chinese power industry conditions. The future

The SGCC in 2009 July launched smart grid technology

five years and fifteen years of IEC, NIST and SGCC smart

standard

grid technology standard trend focuses are given, in the way

Framework and Roadmap for Strong and Smart Grid

of

Standards Release l.0"

the

mathematical

according

to

the

model

technology

of

probability

standard

distribution,

requirements

of

maturity of the Smart Grid related fields of technology,


products and market. It is likelihood the middle and long
term development focuses of future Smart Grid technical
standards

that

consumption,

two-way

distribution

interactive

service

management,

of

electric

power
storage,

system

research,

in

2010

issued

"SGCC

[10], and in 2011 completed the

Release 2.0.
In

order

to

comprehend

dynamic

and

thinking

of

development, it is necessary to analysis and comparison of


IEC, NIST and SGCC smart grid technology standards
roadmap.

renewable energy generation. It is suggested that the Smart

II.

Grid technology advantage into standard advantage, in the


promotion

of

Smart

Grid

equipment

&

manufacturing level and promote the overall construction of


Smart Grid at the same time, to strengthen our country voice
in

the

Smart

Grid

international

standards,

to

THINKING AND DOMAINS

and

seize

Thinking

A.

The goals of the IEC, NIST and SGCC Smart Grid

commanding heights of technical innovation and industrial

roadmap

development.

construction, operation and other related work of the Smart

are

to

effectively

guide

planning,

design,

Grid, to correspond stakeholder demands, to accelerate

1.

promote the development of smart grid.

INTRODUCTION

Affected by the global climate change, deterioration of the


ecological environment, the shortage of the traditional
energy and many other problems, both at home and abroad
to smart grid bearing to ensure energy security, promote
energy efficient use of clean and boost the economic

development important mission [1-4]. Therefore, the Smart


Grid has become the new development trend of the grid,
CICED2012 Session 5

The

IEC, NIST

and

SGCC

Smart

Grid

technology

standards roadmap is to realize smart grid interoperability


as the main purpose, and ensure that the architecture of the
opening. The interoperability refers to ensure commonly
operation ability, specifically refers to that two or more
network,

system,

between

communication

artificial

intervention

Technology

of

apparatus,

the

application or component

and

and

smart

do

not

effective,
grid

need
safety

standards

too

much

operation.

roadmap

to

interoperability standards including the communication


protocol, common information model and so on standard

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2012 China International Conference on Electricity Distribution (CICED 2012)

series between networks, systems, devices or components.


There

are

differences

among

Smart

Grid

technology

Shanghai, 5-6 Sep. 2012

building automation, electric storage, E-mobility, condition


monitoring, and renewable energy generation.

standards roadmap view of the IEC, NIST and SGCC,

The NIST roadmap has covered 7 domains, namely bulk

shows in Fig. 1.

generation, transmission, distribution, customer, operations,

The IEC, from technical perspective, from bottom to top,

markets, and service provider. The 8 fields should be

from five aspects (overview, demand, the existing standard,

considered

gap

utilization

efficiency,

electricity

storage,

and

suggestions),

has

analyzed

the

smart

grid

standards roadmap [6].

in

priority:

demand

response

wide-area
advanced

and

situational

metering

energy

awareness,

infrastructure,

distribution system management, information security and


network communication.
The SGCC has consisted of 8 domains, 26 technical fields,
92 series of standards and a number of specific standards.
It is expected to provide guidance and instruction for
research and development of smart grid standards. The 8
Social scope

domains

\
\
\

regarded firstly,

;':ut;:.r :::;iotIMlgrWk'PlI

4jJ)j)'lTibtmOflAN_'1OfI
j)SIM" SltbJ,U/1Off ,h'_'HM 1'rocoJ; bw
6!lJoJ',rlht.Jcd Rl'WWC'a
7}AID'IIttMJ "",fiwB""tltt",dA""' M"
8)DtrItwtJ Rnpoll.J' , LnoJ MUNlJtf""f"'1
9)s-." 1I0l1k' a/tJ Build/fill AII'_'1ot!

dispatching

IJIItfYf('M'OhkEIKT);)'/QII

Fig. I Smart Grid technology standards roadmap view of the TEC, NTST
and SGCC
according

to

the

United

States

has analyzed the interoperability of smart grid using use


emphasized

through

test

method

validation standards for interoperability of [8].


The

SGCC,

conditions,

according

from

to

top-down,

Chinese
has

power

focused

industry

domains,

including general and planning, generation, transmission,


substation, distribution, utilization, dispatching, as well as
ICT,

has paid more attention to technology of smart grid

technology [10].

B.

technology standards roadmap involved, have focused on


advanced

metering

interoperability,
infrastructure

renewable

(AMI)

and

energy,
network

security.
There are differences among the IEC, NIST and SGCC,
because ideas existing differences as a result of technical
roadmap of difference.
The Smart Grid technology standard system has analyzed
by the IEC SG3, accordance with fields of the general
technology

and

special

technology.

The

general

technology field has included communication, security and


planning.

The

13professional

technical

supporting

system,

DEVELOPMENT TREND

III.

Forecasting for the next five years (midterm) and fifteen


years (long term) in Europe, the United States and China,
in the smart grid technology standard trend, need the help
of the corresponding prediction tool. The commonly used
prediction methods include the experience method, actual
investigation method, comparison method and Simulation
of mathematical model calculation method.
In Europe, the United States, and China in the smart grid
technology standard, there are rarely experience and data
reference

and

comparable

at

present.

Therefore,

special

technology

branches,

namely

field
smart

has

included

calculation method.
Set of 3points in time, the current ( TO), the next five years
( TO+5), the next fifteen years ( TO+15), according to the
technology standard requirements for the smart grid related
fields of technology, products and market maturity, the
probability

distribution

mathematical

distribution

automation,

transmission

smart

substation

automation 1 process bus, distributed energy resources,


advanced metering for billing and network management,
demand response 1 load management, smart home and
CICED2012 Session 5

model

has

established, see in Table 1and figure 2.


Tab. 1 The mathematical model of probability distribution in Smart Grid
teehno Iogy standards trend
Present
Next 5 years
Next 15 years
Item
(TO)
(TO+5)
(TO+ 15)
I
10%
60%
30%
Probability
2
distribution
30%
10%
60%
model
3
10%
30%
60%

systems, blackout Preventionl EMS, advanced distribution


management,

Connecting

and substation equipment, provincial centralized 95598

for

architecture,

smart substation, distribution

prediction method is more suitable for mathematical model

Domains

The domains of the IEC, NIST and SGCC Smart Grid


open

namely,

power supply service portal, and smart community.

market

conditions, from stakeholder perspective, from top-down,


and

utilization,

power source and grid, supervision system of transmission

Teeh"ical scope

method,

generation,

Power Optical Fiber to Household, coordination between

1]/C...JIlHMAI_1OI'iIt1l

case

planning,

distribution,

EV charging and changing facilities, expansion and smart

II/E-.ooIIIIJ'

The NIST,

and

automation, power consumption information collecting,

IO)l,..,,,*S,,x

JEC-SGJ

general

substation,

dispatching, as well as ICT. The 10 pilot projects have

1)s-."'...lUalMf_ .... ,..'....... 1h...J ..JHHM

include

transmIssIOn,

PaperNo CPOI07

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2012 China International Conference on Electricity Distribution (CICED 2012)


70%

Shanghai, 5-6 Sep. 2012

SGCC 8 domains

60%

Bulk Generation
Transmission
Substation
Distribution
Utilization
Dispatching
ICT
General and planning

50%
___ Probability

40%

distribution mode] 1

30%
...... Probability
distribution model 2

20%
10%

TO

TO+5

10%
10%
10%
10%
10%
60%
60%
60%

30%
60%
60%
30%
30%
30%
30%
30%

TO+ 15
60%
30%
30%
60%
60%
10%
10%
10%

....... Probability
distribution model 3

0% t--Present(TO)

Next 5

Next 15

years(TO+5)

years(TO+ 15)

The SGCC has completed firstly the 10 pilot projects for


Smart

Grid,

namely,

smart

substation,

distribution

Fig. 2 The mathematical model of probability distribution

automation, power consumption information collecting,

Forecast for the next five years and fifteen years of IEC,

EV charging and changing facilities, expansion and smart

NIST and SGCC smart grid technology standard trend

dispatching

technical

supporting

system,

Connecting

shown in the table 24. From the analysis, the following

Power Optical Fiber to Household, coordination between

conclusions can be drawn, electric two-way interactive

power source and grid, supervision system of transmission

services,

distribution

management,

electricity

storage,

renewable energy power generation may be themed and

and substation equipment, provincial centralized 95598


power supply service portal, and smart community.

long term development focus of smart grid technology


standard.

CONCLUSION

IV.

Tab. 2 The probability distribution of Smart Grid technology standards


trend in the IEC 13 domains
IEC 13 domains
TO
TO+ 15
TO+5
Smart transmission systems,
60%
30%
10%
Transmission Level Applications
Blackout Prevention / EMS
60%
30%
10%
Advanced Distribution Management
10%
60%
30%
Distribution Automation
10%
60%
30%
Smart Substation Automation 60%
30%
10%
Process bus
Distributed Energy Resources
10%
60%
30%
Advanced Metering for Billing and
10%
30%
60%
Network Management
Demand Response / Load
10%
60%
30%
Management
Smart Home and Building
10%
60%
30%
Automation
Electric Storage
10%
30%
60%
E-mobility
10%
60%
30%
Condition Monitoring
10%
60%
30%
Renewable Energy Generation
10%
30%
60%
Tab. 3 The probability distribution of Smart Grid technology standards
trend in the NTST 7 domains
NTST 7 domains
TO
TO+ 15
TO+5
Bulk Generation
60%
30%
10%
60%
30%
10%
Transmission
Distribution
10%
60%
30%
Customer
10%
30%
60%
Operations
10%
60%
30%
Markets
10%
30%
60%
Service Provider

10%

60%

The sameness of the IEC, NIST and SGCC Smart Grid


standards

roadmap

is

the

goals,

to effectively

guide

planning, design, construction, operation and other related


work

of

the

Smart

Grid,

to

correspond

stakeholder

demands, to accelerate promote the development of smart


grid.
The differences are thinking and domains. The IEC, from
technical perspective,

from bottom to top,

from five

aspects (overview, demand, the existing standard, gap and


suggestions),

included

13professional

branches,

has

analyzed the smart grid standards roadmap. The NIST,


according to the United States market conditions, from
stakeholder

perspective,

from

top-down,

included

professional branches, has analyzed the interoperability of


smart grid using use case method, and emphasized through
test method validation standards for interoperability of.
The

SGCC,

according

to

Chinese

power

industry

conditions, from top-down, has focused 8 domains, has


completed firstly the 10 pilot projects for Smart Grid.
According to the smart grid related fields of technology,
products and market maturity of technical standards and
requirements,

using

the

probability

distribution

mathematical model, gives the future five years ( TO+5)


and the next fifteen years ( TO+15) of IEC, NIST and
SGCC smart grid technology development trend. Electric
two-way

interactive

services,

network

management,

electricity storage, renewable energy power generation

30%

may be the long-term future of smart grid technology


The NIST deems that in the end hundreds of codes and

standard development focus.

standards may be needed for smart grid, but 8 fields should


be considered in priority: demand response and energy
utilization

efficiency,

electricity

storage,

wide-area

advanced

situational

metering

awareness,

infrastructure,

distribution system management, information security and

[ 1]
[2]

network communication.

[3]
Tab. 4 The probability distribution of Smart Grid technology standards
trend in the SGCC 8 domains
CICED2012 Session 5

REFERENCES
Xin Miao, Yi-Fei Zhang, Jin Liu, 2009,"Chinese Road of Smart
Grid", State Grid, vol. 2009-7, 54-56, Jul. 2009(in Chinese).
Xin Miao, Kai Zhang, Xi Chen, 2009, "Development
Countermeasure of Constructing Smart Grid", Electric Power
Construction, vol. 30(6), 6- 10, June. 2009 (in Chinese).
Xin Miao, Kai Zhang, Shi-ming Tian, 2009, "Information
Communication System Supporting Smart Grid", Power System
Technology, vol. 33(17), 8- 13, Sep. 2009 (in Chinese).

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2012 China International Conference on Electricity Distribution (CICED 2012)

[4]

[5]
[6]

Xin Miao, Xi Chen, 20 1 1, "Communication technical standards


infrastructure of the smart grid", 2 f st International Coriference on
Electricity Distribution, CTRED 20 1 1. Frankfurt, 6-9 June 20 1 1.
TEC website [EB/OL]. http://www.iec.chl.
TEC SG3, 20 10, "TEC Smart Grid Standardization Roadmap Edition
1.0", June 20 10.

CICED2012 Session 5

Shanghai, 5-6 Sep. 2012

[7]
[8]

NTST website [EB/OLl http://www.nist.gov.


NTST, 20 12, "NTST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid
Tnteroperability Standards, Release 2.0", February 20 12.
[9] SGCC website [EB/OL]. http://www.sgcc.com.cnl.
[ 10] SGCC, 20 10, "Framework and Roadmap for Strong and Smart Grid
Standards", August 20 I O.

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