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MJEC ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

(Pr001)

Issue No.

THIRD ISSUE

AUTHOR

HSSE Manager

Date

Signature

23/01/2012

REGISTERED COPY
No.

This document is the property of Majan Electricity Company. Neither the whole nor any part of
this document may be disclosed to others or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic recording or
otherwise) without prior written consent of the owner.

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

CONTENTS

1.

INTRODUCTION

2.

DEFINITIONS & ABBREVIATIONS

3.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

3.01

DUTIES

3.02

OBJECTIONS

3.03

STATUTORY REGULATIONS

3.04

STANDARD FORMS

3.05

ISSUE OF ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

3.06

DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES AND ACCIDENTS

3.07

FAILURE OF SUPPLY

3.08

ADMITTANCE TO STATIONS

3.09

VARIATION OF RULES

3.10

APPLICATION OF RULES

3.11

AUTHORISATION OF ELECTRICAL PERSONS

4.

PROCEDURES FOR INITIATION OF WORK

4.1

ACCESS

4.2

SWITCHING PROCEDURES

4.3

PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN BEFORE WORKING ON OR TESTING HIGH VOLTAGE


APPARATUS

4.4

PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN BEFORE WORKING ON OR TESTING LOW VOLTAGE


APPARATUS

4.5

EARTHING

4.6

APPROACHES TO EXPOSED LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE CONDUCTOR OR INSULATOR


SUPPORTING IT

4.7

TESTING OF HIGH VOLTAGE APPARATUS BEFORE IT IS CONNECTED TO AN ELECTRICAL


SYSTEM

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5.

ISSUE AND CONTROL OF ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENTS

5.1

INITIATION OF DOCUMENTS

5.2

PROCEDURE FOR ISSUE AND RECEIPT

5.3

PRECAUTIONS DURING PROGRESS OF WORK

5.4

PROCEDURE FOR CLEARANCE AND CANCELLATION

6.

PRECAUTIONS FOR SPECEFIC APPAARATUS

6.1

WORK ON OVERHEAD LINES

6.2

WORK ON UNDERGROUND CABLES

6.3

WORK ON HIGH VOLTAGE TRANSFORMERS

6.4

WORK ON HIGH VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR

6.5

WORK IN SUBSTATIONS WITH EXPOSED HIGH VOLTAGE CONDUCTORS

6.6

WORK ON REMOTELY OR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLED HV APPARATUS

6.7

WORK ON HIGH VOLTAGE STATIC CAPACITORS

7.

Live Line Washing

7.1

GENERAL

7.2

LIVE LINE WASHING EQUIPMENT

7.3

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

8.

Working in live HV system

8.1 GENERAL
8.2 LIVE LINE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
8.3 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

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APPENDICES
APPENDIX A - ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENTS
A1. ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK
A2. SANCTION FOR TES T
A3. LIMITATION OF ACCESS
APPENDIX B - CERTIFICATE OF AUTHORIZATION
APPENDIX C - APPROVED DEVICES FOR USE IN MJEC
APPENDIX D - FIRST AID FOR ELECTRIC SHOCK
APPENDIX E - WORKING AND ACCESS CLEARANCE
APPENDIX F - SWITCHING PROGRAM FORMAT
APPENDIX G - GUIDANCE FOR ACTIVITIES IN THE VICINITY OF OVERHESD LINES
APPENDIX H - SAFE STEPS TO BE OBSERVED WHILE EXECUTING SWITCHING PROGRAM AND
ISSUING E PTW
APPENDIX I - SWITCHING PROGRAM & E PTW AUDIT CHECKLIST
APPENDIX G - GPTW
APPENDIX K - USER-COMMENT FORM

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References
1234-

MJEC HSSE Policies


Distribution and supply Licence conditions 7, 17 & 31
Distribution Code conditions DOC 4 & DOC 5
IEC 61508, Functional Safety of Electrical/Electronic/Programmable Electronic Safetyrelated Systems
5- OHSAS 18001 and OSHA 1910
6- Petroleum Development Oman Electrical Safety Rules.

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1. INTRODUCTION
Majan Electricity Company was established on 1st May, 2005, and it's licensed by the Authority
for Electricity Regulation, Oman, to distribute and supply Electricity in the governorates of
North Al-Batinah, Al-Dhahirah and Buraimi of the Sultanate of Oman, as per the SECTOR LAW
promulgated under the royal decree 78/2004.
The Majan Electricity Company Electrical Safety Rules (MJEC ESRs) are intended for the use of
the employees of MJEC and its contractors who may be concerned with the operation of, or
work on, MJEC HIGH VOLTAGE and associated LOW VOLTAGE electrical systems. These are in
addition to the generally applicable safety requirements of MJEC, together with the MJEC
Health, Safety, and Security and Environment procedures/standards.
The application of these Rules is mandatory.
The HSSE Manager is the custodian of this document. The authority for revision of these Rules
rests within his responsibility.
These Rules shall apply to all MJEC Electrical distribution system in areas where it is licensed to
distribute and supply Electricity.
Registered copies of these rules shall be issued to all authorized employees of MJEC and its
contractors. Unregistered copies of these Rules may be issued to any other concerned bodies
and persons for information.
Before making reference to this document, it is the user's responsibility to ensure that any
hard copy, or electronic copy, is current. For assistance, contact the MJEC HSSE department.
Users are encouraged to participate in the continuous improvement of this document by
providing constructive feedback. Please complete the format given on the appendix K and
send to MJEC HSSE department.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

2.

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS


For the purpose of these Safety Rules the following definitions apply and where they
appear in the rules, are printed in CAPITAL LETTERS. The abbreviations given under 2.27
shall be used where ever required in the context of these rules.

2.01

APPARATUS

2.01.1

HIGH VOLTAGE APPARATUS - any apparatus, equipment and conductors, which


are normally operated at a voltage exceeding 1000 volts.

2.01.2

LOW VOLTAGE APPARATUS - Any apparatus, equipment and conductors, which


are normally operated at a voltage not exceeding 1000 volts.

2.02

APPROVED safety devices - of a type sanctioned by MJEC HSSE manager or on


his behalf by a person authorized by him in writing to do so. Refer to appendix C

2.03

CERTIFICATE OF AUTHORIZATION
It is a form of identification issued by the FUNCTION HEAD to appoint MJEC or
contractor staff to a level of electrical authorization. The CERTIFICATE OF
AUTHORIZATION in a form of license shall state the area of the electrical system
to which it applies. (See Appendix B)

2.04

DANGER - a risk of bodily injury or loss of life or health from shock, burn,
asphyxiation or other cause.

2.05

DEAD - at or about zero voltage and disconnected from any LIVE system.

2.06

DISTRIBUTION CODE
Rules in relation to the Connection to, Operation and maintenance of and
changes to the Distribution Systems of Licensed Distributors. The Distribution
Code applies to all persons who are connected to and/or use or may use the
Distribution Systems of Licensed Distributors.

2.07

DISTRIBUTION CONTROL CENTRE


The control center as defined in the DISTRIBUTION CODE where Supervisory
Control And Data Acquisition facilities (SCADA) are installed to control, monitor,
carry out remote SWITCHING in MJEC distribution system, liaise with other

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distribution and transmission licensees as per DISTRIBUTION CODE and GRID


CODE and provide operational instructions to field engineers.
2.08

EARTHING

2.08. 1

EARTHED - connected to the general mass of earth in such a manner as will


ensure at all times an immediate discharge of electrical energy without
DANGER when applied to apparatus, equipment and conductors. All phases
shall be short circuited and efficiently connected to earth.

2.08.2

ADDITIONAL EARTH ( AE ) - an earth of APPROVED type, which is applied


after the issue of an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or SANCTION FOR TEST (for
example an earth applied at a point of work).

2.08.3

CIRCUIT MAIN EARTH (CME) - which is applied with the knowledge of the
REMOTE CONTROL PERSON before an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or
SANCTION FOR TEST is issued. An approved portable earth may be used as CME,
refer to section 4.5.3

2.08.4

LV EARTH- An earth of an APPROVED design that may be used on LOW VOLTAGE


APPARATUS when it is worked on under an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK.

2.09

ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENTS

Documents as per section 2.09.1, 2 and 3 are ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENTS.


2.09.1

ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK (EPTW) - A form of declaration signed and issued


by an AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL PERSON, to a COMPETENT ELECTRICAL PERSON
in charge of work to be carried out on any earthed HIGH VOLTAGE APPARATUS or
LOW VOLTAGE APPARATUS, for the purpose of making known to such person
exactly what apparatus is DEAD, ISOLATED from all LIVE conductors, has been
discharged, is connected to earth, and on which it is safe to work. (Appendix A1)

2.09.2

LIMITATION OF ACCESS (LOA) - a form signed and issued by AUTHORISED


ELECTRICAL PERSON to a COMPETENT ELECTRICAL PERSON, defining the limits
and nature of work, which may be carried out in the vicinity of live apparatus. A
LIMITATION OF ACCESS may be issued when an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or
SANCTION FOR TEST is not applicable. (Appendix A3)
A LIMITATION OF ACCESS shall also be issued, to a person in charge of work on
LIVE exposed HIGH VOLTAGE conductors or insulators supporting LIVE exposed
HIGH VOLTAGE conductors and when LIVE LINE WASHING procedures are to be
used.

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2.09.3

SANCTION FOR TEST (SFT) - A form of declaration signed and issued by a


SENIOR AUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL PERSON to an AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL
PERSON in charge of testing HIGH VOLTAGE APPARATUS for the purpose of
making known to such person exactly what apparatus is to be tested and the
conditions under which testing is to be carried out. (Appendix A2)

2.10

ELECTRICAL PERSONS
A person (MJEC or contractors employee)) who has been appointed by the
FUNCTION HEAD to any of the electrical authorization levels defined below in
2.10.1/2/3/4 and 5.
MJEC contractors employees will have only limited switching authority, within
the scope of their contract. FUNCTION HEAD shall specify the limitation in the
COA (license card).

2.10.1

Appointed Person (AP)


Appointed Person (AP) is nominated by MJEC DCC manager and authorised by
the FUNCTION HEAD to carry out remote opening and closing of HV switchgears
by the SCADA system. He shall carry out all such switching as per approved
switching programme and with approval of REMOTE CONTROL PERSON.

2.10.2

2.10.3

COMPTENET ELECTRICAL PERSON (CEP), - A person who has sufficient technical


knowledge or experience to enable him to recognize hazards and avoid DANGER
and appointed in writing by the MJEC FUNCTION HEAD to receive and clear
ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK and LIMITATION OF ACCESS. The MJEC FUNCTION
HEAD may limit the CEP authority as per contract scope of work or according to
job requirements.
AUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL PERSON limited (AEP-LIMITED)
AEP-LIMITED: A person who has sufficient technical knowledge or experience to
enable him to recognize hazards and avoid DANGER and appointed in writing by
the MJEC FUNCTION HEAD, He may operate drop out fuse by the use of
approved operating rod. In addition to CEP duties he can enter to expose HV
areas, and can do operation in the HV network under direct supervision of AEP as
per approved switching program.

2.10.4

AUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL PERSON (AEP), A COMPETENT ELECTRICAL PERSON,


adequately trained and possessing technical knowledge and appointed in writing
by the MJEC FUNCTION HEAD to carry out HV and LV SWITCHING and to issue
and cancel of ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK and LIMITATION OF ACCESS, and to
receive SANCTION FOR TEST.

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2.10.5

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

SENIOR AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL PERSON (SAEP), An AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL


PERSON who has been appointed in writing by the MJEC FUNCTION HEAD to
issue and cancel SANCTION FOR TEST, in addition to the authorities as an
AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL PERSON.
He may be authorized to carry out the duties of LOCAL CONTROL PERSON for a
specified area of the electrical system and The CERTIFICATE OF AUTHORIZATION
shall have the wording SENIOR AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL PERSON in
authorization level field.

2.10.6

Control Persons (CP)


a. LOCAL CONTROL PERSON (LCP) is A Senior Authorized Electrical Person who will be
appointed in writing by FUNCTION HEAD to manage electrical system within
defined electrical (network) boundaries. He will be responsible for technical
integrity of the network under his custody.
b. REMOTE CONTROL PERSON (RCP) will be nominated by MJEC DCC manager and
appointed in writing by FUNCTIONAL HEAD. He will be responsible for system
integrity of the network. He shall review switching programs and associated
documents approved by LOCAL CONTROL PERSON.

2.11

FUNCTION HEAD The HSSE Manager or any other line manager designated
by General Manager as the custodian of MJEC ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES.
FUNCTION HEAD shall have the authority to interpret, revise, permit
exceptions, and lay down procedures to follow MJEC ELECTRICAL SAFETY
RULES. FUNCTION HEAD shall assess and appoint the persons under sections
2.10.1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 or delegate any other person to carry out the above
mentioned function.

2.12

GRID CODE
Grid Code is the document referred to in the Sector Law (Articles 22 & 23)
containing rules for Transmission and Dispatch License granted by the
Regulatory Authority to the Oman Electricity Transmission Company SAOC
(Transco) under that Law.

2.13

HSSE MANAGER - A person appointed in writing by the General Manager to


manage all Health, Safety, Security and Environment aspects of all MJEC
operation in accordance with the Laws of the Sultanate of Oman and as per HSSE
procedures/standards.

2.14

ISOLATION, ISOLATED

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Disconnected from LIVE APPARATUS and conductors by an adequate physical


gap. ISOLATION shall normally be carried out by opening circuit
breakers/switches and by removing fuses or links.
2.15

KEY SAFE - an Approved device for the secure retention of all keys used to lock
means of isolation, earthing or other safety devices necessary for the issue of an
ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENT.

2.16

LICENCE A written authorization to undertake a regulated activity issued by


the regulatory authority pursuant to the SECTOR LAW and shall, unless the
context otherwise requires, include the LICENCE for the Distribution of
Electricity granted to MJEC by the Regulatory Authority.

2.17

LIVE - electrically charged.

2.18

LIVE LINE WASHING


Washing of LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE insulators on overhead lines and substations
with exposed conductors using APPROVED equipment and methods.

2.19

NOTICES

2.19.1

CAUTION NOTICE A Red colored notice in APPROVED form attached to


apparatus or its control equipment conveying a warning against interference
with such apparatus.

2.19.2

DANGER NOTICE - A Yellow colored notice in APPROVED form attached to


apparatus or sections when LIVE, calling attention to the DANGER of approach
or interference with such apparatus or sections.

2.19.3

EARTHED NOTICE - A Green colored notice in an APPROVED form reading


'EARTHED' that shall be used to identify APPARATUS that has been used to
apply a CIRCUIT MAIN EARTH to a circuit.

2.20

SAFETY DISTANCE
The distance from the nearest LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE exposed conductor or from
an insulator supporting a HIGH VOLTAGE conductor, that shall be maintained to
avoid DANGER.

2.21

SAFETY PADLOCKS
Locks of an APPROVED type with a unique key, which shall be used to lock
switches, etc, at points of ISOLATION where the APPARATUS being worked on

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could be made LIVE in error. Only one key shall be supplied for each lock.

2.22
2.23

SECTOR LAW -The law for the regulation and privatization of the electricity and
related water sector promulgated by Royal Decree 79/2004.
STANDARD ELECTRICAL PADLOCKS
Locks of an APPROVED standard type fitted to prevent access by unauthorized
persons to power stations, substations or electrical APPARATUS not subject to an
ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENT. This type of lock shall fit the electrical master
key system.

2.24

SWITCHGEAR OPERATING PROCEDURES


Are APPROVED procedures detailing step by step instructions on how to operate
different make of switchgear and how to make it safe to work on.

2.25

SWITCHING - The operation of circuit breakers, isolators, disconnectors, fuses or


other methods of making or breaking an electrical circuit and/or the application
and removal of CIRCUIT MAIN EARTHS and LV EARTHS.

2.26

WORKING PARTY - The persons under the immediate supervision of a


COMPETENT ELECTRICAL PERSON or an AUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL PERSON.

2.27 General Permit To Work (GPTW), is a permit to be raised for all work types done
on
or adjacent to MJEC network , specifying the type of work to be done, exact location, and all
safety documents must be attached to it e.g. EPTW, LOA , SFT. GPTW must be attached with
JOB SAFETY PLAN (JSP) indicating all hazards associated with work activities, safety controls
and emergency procedures in case of incident. Refer to Appendix N

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2.27

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

ABBREVIATIONS

AE

ADDITIONAL EARTH

AEP

AUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL PERSON

AP

APPOINTED PERSON

CEP

COMPETENT ELECTRICAL PERSON

CME

CIRCUIT MAIN EARTH

CN

CAUTION NOTICE

COA

CERTIFICATE OF AUTHORIZATION

CP

CONTROL PERSON /LCP, RCP

LCP

LOCAL CONTROL PERSON

RCP

REMOTE CONTROL PERSON

DCC

DISTRIBUTION CONTROL CENTRE

HSSE

HEALTH, SAFETY, SECURITY & ENVIRONMENT

DN

DANGER NOTICE

EN

EARTHED NOTICE

EPTW

ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK

ESRs

Electrical Safety Rules

HV

HIGH VOLTAGE

IEC

International Electro technical Commission

LLW

LIVE LINE WASHING

LOA

LIMITATION OF ACCESS

LV

LOW VOLTAGE

MJEC

Majan Electricity Company (SAOC)

SAEP

SENIOR AUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL PERSON

SCADA

Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition

SFT

SANCTION FOR TEST

SOP

SWITCHGEAR OPERATING PROCEDURES

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SP

SAFETY PADLOCK

GPTW

GENERAL PERMIT TO WORK

JSB

JOB SAFETY PLAN

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General Provisions

3.01

Duties

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

It is the duty of all persons who may be concerned with the operation of, and work on
the systems and apparatus of Majan Electricity Company (MJEC) to make themselves
thoroughly conversant with the statutory requirements and safety rules governing any
work they may have to undertake on these systems and apparatus. Ignorance of the
statutory requirements and rules will not be accepted as an excuse for neglect of duty.
All persons who may be concerned with the operation of, and work on the systems and
apparatus of a MJEC shall make themselves conversant with the treatment for electric
shock, information regarding treatment is given in Appendix 'D'
3.02

Objections
Any person objecting on operational or safety grounds to any instructions given to him
regarding the operation of HV or LV APPARATUS or work on electrical equipment shall
make these objections clearly known to the person issuing them.
This person shall then have the matter investigated and if necessary referred to a higher
authority for a decision before proceeding.

3.03

Statutory Regulations
All Statutory Regulations in force in the Sultanate of Oman shall be complied with at all
times, including the provisions of the SECTOR LAW.
MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES (MJEC ESRs) forms part of
MJEC Health, Safety, Security and Environment manual ( In addition to any statutory
requirements, these Safety Rules shall be complied with.

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3.04

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Standard Forms
Specimen forms and documents are shown in Appendix 'A'

3.05

Issue of Electrical Safety Rules


A registered copy of the these Safety Rules shall be given to such employees of
MJEC and contractors as may be concerned with the operation of, or work on, its
systems and plant. Each recipient shall sign a receipt for his copy . He shall
keep his MJEC ESRs copy in good condition. The receipt is to be filed by
the MJEC HSSE department.

3.06

Dangerous occurrences and accidents


All dangerous occurrences and electrical accidents on the systems shall be immediately
reported to REMOTE CONTROL PERSON (RCP) who shall immediately investigate such
occurrences and incidents along with HSSE department.

3.07

Failure of supply
A failure of supply from whatever cause, to or from any part of the high voltage systems
shall be immediately reported to REMOTE CONTROL PERSON (RCP) During failures of
supply, all apparatus, equipment and conductors shall be regarded as being LIVE until
isolated and proved DEAD.

3.08

Admittance to Stations
No persons shall enter any Substation, Switching Station or any other operational area
belonging to a MJEC without a pass or written authorization. In the case of WORK
PARTY, the person in charge shall have a pass (LIECENCE CARD).

3.09

Variation of rules
In exceptional circumstances, function head shall, authorize in writing or by electronic
message, waiver or modifications to sections of MJEC ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES.

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3.10

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Application of Rules
These rules shall apply to all work on or in close proximity of, the power systems of
MJEC. At the interface with other licensed entities for transmission and distribution of
power the rules shall at all times be applied in accordance with the provisions of:
Operating Code 6 (Safety Coordination) of the Grid Code; and
Operating Code 5 (Safety Coordination) of the Distribution Code.
These rules shall not apply to any work on or in close proximity of, the APPARATUS
operating at voltages below 50Volts, such as batteries.

3.11

Authorization of ELECTRICAL PERSONS

3.11.01

General
The authorization of staff to LCP, RCP SAEP, AEP, CEP and AP operating and
working under the scope of these Rules shall follow the definitions given in
section 2.10. All such persons shall attend prescribed Electrical Safety Rules
course and pass the learning outcome assessment with no less than 70% marks.

3.11.02

Validity of CERTIFICATE OF AUTHORIZATION (COA)


A COA shall be given to all ELECTRICAL PERSONS.

The COA shall be valid for three years (3 years) from the date of issue. It shall be
valid only during the tenure of employment for MJEC employees and tenure of
contract and or employment with the contractor for contractor employees.
Invalid COA shall be returned to MJEC HSSE department.

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4.

Procedures for Initiation of Work

4.1

Access

4.1.1

Access to LIVE Enclosures and Apparatus


Barriers (including plates on access ladders) restricting access to enclosures or
cubicles containing LIVE conductors shall normally be kept locked. No person
except an AEP or a person acting under his direct supervision shall have access to
any such enclosure or cubicle in which a LIVE HV conductor is exposed. For
access to HV overhead lines rules under section 6.1 shall be followed.

4.1.2

Locking arrangements
Two types of APPROVED STANDARD PADLOCKS shall be used to control access to
enclosures or cubicles containing LIVE conductors.

Level 1

Used for locking switch yards with exposed conductors and for locking field
switches and other switchgears in service as required operationally. Master keys
shall only be issued to AEP.

Level 2

For substation entrance, building doors and all other areas except areas having
exposed HV apparatus master keys shall be issued to all authorized persons who
need access to such areas for any work/inspection to be done.

4.2

SWITCHING Procedures

4.2.1
General
4.2.1.1
All HV SWITCHING shall be carried out with the agreement of the REMOTE
CONTROL PERSON at DISTRIBUTION CONTROL CENTRE. In cases of emergency where DANGER
to persons, environment or major damage to property exists then the AEP shall instruct
Appointed Person at DCC to do the required isolation in coordination with RCP.
4.2.1.2

In normal circumstances all HV SWITCHING shall be carried out only after a


written APPROVED SWITCHING PROGRAMME has been agreed. Refer appendix F
for standard format.
SWITCHING PROGRAMMES need not normally be prepared for SWITCHING on
single 11/0.415kV distribution transformer circuits for routine maintenance or
break downs if agreed by the LCP.

4.2.1.3

When the RCP gives agreement for HV SWITCHING to be carried out, the AEP

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who execute the program in the site shall communicate directly with RCP at
every stages of the switching program.
AEP is required to inform RCP on the actual time of executing of every switching
item immediately after the completion of work with appropriate communication
means.
AEP shall carry with him the approved switching program in the site.
SWITCHING to the RCP's consent, shall be carried out without undue delay.
In case of circumstances where the switching program cannot be carried out for
a reason or so, then LCP must be contacted for approval of such changes.
4.2.1.4

The remote switching of HV switchgears may be carried out by DCC APPOINTD


PERSON
All other HV SWITCHING shall be carried out by an AEP who shall be
accompanied during the SWITCHING operations. For applying CME refer 4.5.1.2

4.2.1.4

When operating pole mounted switchgear by mechanical means from ground


level, the UTHORIZED ELECTRCAL PERSON shall wear appropriate approved PPE.

4.2.1.6

Making LIVE or DEAD by signal or prearranged understanding after an agreed


time interval is forbidden.

4.2.1.7

When switchgear or any other HV APPARATUS shows any sign of distress, its
condition shall be reported immediately to the RCP and it shall be examined
before a decision is made about further operation.

4.2.2

SWITCHING across electrical boundaries


Before SWITCHING is carried out on any system which may affect other electrical
systems, the RCP agreeing the SWITCHING, shall communicate with the RCP of
the other system(s) concerned and the SWITCHING shall be recorded by all
parties.
When telephone or fax messages are being used between RCP's to co-ordinate
SWITCHING PROGRAMMES between different specified sections of electrical
systems, each message shall be repeated in full and written down before
SWITCHING is performed and each actual operation shall be reported to the RCP
at the other end before the next operation can be executed.

4.2.3

SWITCHING under emergency conditions

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VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

In all cases when emergency SWITCHING has been carried out, the LCP for the
electrical system concerned shall be informed as soon as possible of any action
taken. The LCP shall report to RCP
in accordance with an APPROVED procedure.
4.2.4

SWITCHING under SFT


When a section of equipment on test under the SANCTION FOR TEST, the SAEP
may give a general sanction for the operation of switches, isolators, earthing
switches and earth connections within, and for the application of testing supplies
to the isolated section The person in charge of the testing who is the AEP will
then become totally responsible for complying with these safety rules within the
isolated section. No switch or isolator connecting the isolated section to the main
supply system shall be operated while the SFT is in force, with the exception of
those for the agreed testing supplies, shall be operated without the direct
sanction of the RCP or LCP.

4.3

Precautions to be taken before working on or testing of HIGH VOLTAGE


APPARATUS

4.3.1

For all work or testing of any description (including repairs, maintenance,


alterations, cleaning or testing) on all HV APPARATUS involving physical contact
with in SAFETY distance of the apparatus, the following precautions shall be
taken.

4.3.1.1

Switched off from all points of supply, made DEAD and proven DEAD by
checking each phase of the circuit in an approved manner.

4.3.1.2

ISOLATED and all steps taken to secure with SAFETY PADLOCKS from all
points of supply, including where practicable voltage and auxiliary
transformers, common neutral equipment and any other source from
which the APPARATUS and conductors may become LIVE and CAUTION
NOTICES attached at all points of ISOLATION. The keys for the SAFETY
PADLOCKS shall be placed in a KEY SAFE or another APPROVED security
method shall be used.

4.3.1.3

Connected to EARTH at all dead points of disconnection from HV supplies


to such APPARATUS or between such points and the points of work or
testing.

4.3.1.4

Screened where necessary to prevent DANGER and DANGER NOTICES


attached.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

4.3.1.5

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Released for work by the issue of an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK to a


CEP.

Or
4.3.1.6

Released for testing by the issue of a SANCTION FOR TEST to an AEP who
shall be accompanied by another AEP or CEP during the progress of the
testing.

4.3.1.7

The person receiving the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or SANCTION FOR


TEST is made fully aware of the nature and extent of the work or testing
to be done.

4.3.2

It is the duty of the person issuing the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or


SANCTION FOR TEST to ensure that the above provisions are complied with.

4.3.3

For LIVE LINE WASHING, reference to section 7 to be followed and the safety
distance to be maintained as per 4.6 sections.

4.4

Precautions to be taken before working on or testing LOW VOLTAGE


APPARATUS

4.4.1

General Rules
The consequence of shock or serious burn from short circuit associated with
LOW VOLTAGE systems may be serious or in some circumstances, fatal. For all
work in general rules under section 4.4.2 shall apply.
It is not always possible or operationally practical to make DEAD or earth LOW
VOLTAGE APPARATUS for certain type of work and testing. For work on or
testing of LIVE LOW VOLTAGE APPARATUS rules under section 4.4.3 shall apply.
Lockable ISOLATION by opening switches or withdrawal of fuses or links, may not
be possible for some LOW VOLTAGE APPARATUS such as Main feeder pillar or LV
switch board on the secondary side of an HV/LV transformer, and then rule 4.4.4
shall apply.
If work is carried out on the ISOLATED circuits of an LV APPARATUS with adjacent
circuits live rule 4.4.5 shall apply.

4.4.2

4.4.2.1

For all work on or testing of all LV APPARATUS the following precautions shall
be taken.
Switched off from all possible points of supply and made DEAD.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

4.4.2.2

ISOLATED from all possible points of supply. The operating handles of


these circuit breakers/switches shall, where practicable, be locked in the
'open' position with SAFETY PADLOCKS or similar type locking devices and
CAUTION NOTICES attached at all points of ISOLATION.

4.4.2.3

Screened where necessary to prevent DANGER, and DANGER NOTICES


attached to draw attention to LIVE APPARATUS near to the point of work.

4.4.2.3

Proved DEAD with an APPROVED voltage testing device suitable for the
rated voltage of the circuit. The voltage testing device shall be checked
before and after use to check it is working correctly.

4.4.2.4

It is the responsibility of the CEP to complete the above precautions and


inform the WORK PARTY about the precautions before work is started.

4.4.2.5

For work on LV overhead line, precautions under rule 6.1.11 shall be


followed.

4.4.3

Working on or testing of LIVE LV APPARATUS.

4.4.3.1

All work on LOW VOLTAGE APPARATUS must be carried out as if it were


LIVE unless it is proved DEAD.

4.4.3.2

APPROVED procedure if any for the specific activity shall be followed.


Only APPROVED tools and tested equipment shall be used.

4.4.3.3

For removal and replacement of fuses on LIVE LV panels APPROVED


electrical rubber gloves, infra-red goggles and ultra violet face shields
shall be used.

4.4.3.4

For testing voltage and current, APPROVED electrical rubber gloves and
instruments shall be used. They shall be inspected and confirmed to be
free of any defects before every use.

4.4.3.5

Work on or testing of LIVE LOW VOLTAGE APPARATUS shall be


undertaken only by a COMPETENT ELECTRICAL PERSON accompanied by
another person.

4.4.4

4.4.4.1

Work on LV switch boards and feeder pillars where lockable ISOLATION is not
possible.
Switch off and ISOLATE HV windings of the transformer feeding the LV
windings and connections (including incoming switchboard units), prove
dead and apply CIRCUIT MAIN EARTH to the ISOLATED HV circuits and or

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

apply Portable Earthing leads as LV EARTH to the LV switchboard busbars.


An ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK shall be issued by an AUTHORISED
ELECTRICAL PERSON to the CEP in charge of the work on LV APPARATUS.
4.4.4.2

4.4.5

The CEP who is to be in charge of the work, shall be made fully aware by
AEP of the nature and extent of the work to be done, and understands
the precautions that he and his WORKING PARTY shall take to avoid
DANGER from LIVE APPARATUS. The CEP shall be accompanied by
another person during the progress of the work.
Work near LIVE LV APPARATUS.

4.4.5.1

Suitable precautions shall be taken by screening or other means to avoid


DANGER from inadvertent contact with LIVE conductors or EARTHED
metalwork.

4.4.5.2

When verbal instructions are not considered sufficient AEP should issue a
LIMITATION OF ACCESS to the CEP.

4.5

EARTHING

4.5.1

General

4.5.1.1

No HV EARTHING switch shall be operated or CIRCUIT MAIN EARTH


connected or removed except with the agreement of the LCP.

4.5.1.2

All phases of the HV APPARATUS shall be tested with an APPROVED


voltage testing device to ensure that they are DEAD.

4.5.1.2

AEP applying CME shall be accompanied by a CEP.

4.5.2
4.5.2.1

4.5.3

HV EARTHING by switches or circuit breakers


Where ever provided, EARTH switches or Circuit breakers shall be used.
The Circuit breaker shall normally have its electrical trip made inoperative
before closing to EARTH and manual mechanical tripping provision shall
be locked off after closing. An EARTHED NOTICE shall be attached on the
closed earth switch or the circuit breaker when it is in the EARTH position.
HV EARTHING by APPROVED portable EARTHING leads
Where EARTHING switches or circuit breakers are not provided, then

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

other APPROVED means of EARTHING shall be adopted including portable


earthing leads applied by an insulating rod. If this method of using
portable EARTHING leads is to be used, the following sequence of
procedures shall be carried out:
4.5.3.1

Check that the circuit to be EARTHED is ISOLATED.

4.5.3.2

Ensure that each phase of the circuit is DEAD (only an HV testing device
suitable for the rated voltage of the circuit shall be used). The APPROVED
voltage testing device shall be checked before and after use to check it is
functioning correctly

4.5.3.3

Examine the portable EARTHING leads prior to use to ensure that they are
in good condition.

4.5.3.4

Connect the portable EARTHING leads to the EARTH system before


securing them to the phase conductors. Care must be taken to ensure
that good contact is made.

4.5.3.5

EARTH and short circuit all phases even if work is to be carried out on one
phase only.

4.5.3.6

When removing portable EARTHING leads disconnect them from the


phase conductors first and the EARTH system last.

4.5.3.7

When portable EARTHING leads are used as CIRCUIT MAIN EARTHS, an


APPROVED label shall be attached with the letters 'C.M.E'.

4.5.3.8

When portable EARTHING leads are used as ADDITIONAL EARTHS, an


APPROVED label shall be attached with the letters 'A.E'.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

4.6

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Approaches to LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE conductor or insulator supporting it.

4.6.1

Safety Distances

4.6.1.1

The SAFETY DISTANCE (designated 'X' in below given Table 1 and Diagram
1) shall be maintained at the respective system voltages between any
part of the person or object and the nearest LIVE HV conductor.

4.6.1.2

A distance of 300 mm shall also be maintained, at all system voltages,


from the portion of insulators supporting LIVE HV conductors which is
outside the appropriate SAFETY DISTANCE from the conductors. See table
below & diagram 1.

Nominal System Voltage

SAFETY DISTANCE 'X'

Not exceeding 11 kV

0.9 m

Exceeding 11 kV but not exceeding 33 kV

1.2 m

Exceeding 33 kV but not exceeding 66 kV

1.8 m

4.6.2

Approach of Persons

4.6.2.1

No person shall, except, for the provision of Rule 4.6.2.2, allow any part
of his body to approach exposed HV conductors or insulators supporting
such conductors within the SAFETY DISTANCES specified in Rule 4.6.1,
unless the conductors have been made DEAD, ISOLATED and EARTHED
and an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or SANCTION FOR TEST has been
issued.

4.6.2.2

When a person is applying an APPROVED voltage testing device or


phasing device to HV conductors contained within metal enclosed
switchgear, it is allowable for those parts of the body to approach within
the SAFETY DISTANCES specified in Rule 4.6.1 subject to APPROVED
procedures.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

X
X

DIAGRAM 1

30cm

30cm

NOTE: X = safety distance


(from live HV conductors)

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

4.6.3

Testing of Conductors

4.6.3.1

When exposed HV conductors are not ISOLATED, the only objects to


approach them or insulators supporting them, within the SAFETY
DISTANCE specified in Rule 4.6.1 shall be APPROVED voltage testing
devices.

4.6.3.2

When exposed HV conductors are ISOLATED but not yet proved DEAD the
only objects which shall approach them or the insulators supporting
them, within the SAFETY DISTANCES specified in Rule 4.6.1 shall be
APPROVED voltage testing devices.

4.6.4

Work near Live Conductors

4.6.4.1

When work is to take place in the vicinity of LIVE HV conductors the AEP
shall, taking into account the nature and location of the work and the
tools or objects to be used, determine how the SAFETY DISTANCES
specified in Rule 4.6.1 have to be maintained by the persons working.

4.6.4.1

If no ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or SANCTION FOR TEST is issued for


adjacent APPARATUS, then the AEP shall issue a LIMITATION OF ACCESS
to the CEP in charge of the work, specifying how the SAFETY DISTANCES
from LIVE conductors shall be maintained during the course of the work.

Note:

APPENDIX F gives guidance on the application of Rule 4.6 to various


operational situations.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

4.7

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Testing of HIGH VOLTAGE APPARATUS

4.7.1

When HV APPARATUS is to have an HV test voltage or high current


applied before the connections are attached that would enable it to be
made LIVE from an electrical system, the AEP responsible for applying the
HV test voltage does not require a SANCTION FOR TEST if the HV
APPARATUS does not yet come within the scope of the Electrical Safety
Rules.

4.7.2

When HV APPARATUS, which is connected to existing system, is to have


an HV test voltage or high current applied, the AEP responsible for
applying the HV test voltage or high current shall be issued a SANCTION
FOR TEST and the AEP shall be accompanied by a CEP.

4.7.3

The AEP shall ensure that when a HV test voltage is being applied to
APPARATUS, adequate precautions are taken to guard the APPARATUS to
prevent DANGER. These precautions shall include:

4.7.3.1

DANGER NOTICES being attached to the APPARATUS during the


period the HV testing is taking place.

4.7.3.2

All APPARATUS, particularly cables, are discharged to EARTH


before and after the application of the HV test voltage.

4.7.3.3

Any temporary conductors used for applying the HV test voltage


shall be of adequate size and be easily visible.

4.7.3.4

Test connections shall not be applied in a cell or compartment in


which there are exposed LIVE HV conductors.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

5.

Issue and control of ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENTS

5.1

Initiation of Documents

5.1.1

An ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK shall be agreed by the LCP and issued by an


AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL PERSON to a CEP, under whose approval the work is
initiated, before any work is carried out on any HV APPARATUS after it has once
been connected to the HV system.

5.1.2

A SANCTION FOR TEST shall be agreed by the LCP and issued by a SENIOR
AUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL PERSON SAEP to an AEP under whose approval the
testing is initiated, before any testing is carried out on any HV APPARATUS after
it has once been connected to and remains part of an HV system.

5.1.3

If an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK has been issued on HV or LV APPARATUS,


then until that ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK is canceled, a SANCTION FOR TEST
shall not be issued on that same APPARATUS.

5.1.4

A LIMITATION OF ACCESS shall be issued by an AEP to a CEP for LIVE LINE


WASHING of HV insulators, for work in an HV switch yard with LIVE exposed
conductors when an EPTW or SFT is not issued for any adjacent APPARATUS, for
tree cutting jobs with branches not touching the line and for work on LV
overhead lines below HV overhead lines. The LCP shall be informed when a
LIMITATION OF ACCESS for these specified activities is issued.

5.1.5

A LIMITATION OF ACCESS should be issued by an AEP for work in the vicinity of


LIVE HV or LV APPARATUS when verbal instructions are not considered sufficient.

5.2
5.2.1

Procedure for Issue and Receipt


An ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or LIMITATION OF ACCESS shall be issued to
the person in charge of the work. The AEP issuing the document shall satisfy
himself that the CEP receiving the document understands the work to be done,
the safety precautions and the equipment that made safe to work on. If the CEP
has not been involved in the application of the safety precautions, then the AEP
shall read the contents of the EPTW to the person receiving the ELECTRICAL
PERMIT TO WORK or LIMITATION OF ACCESS sign its receipt and its duplicate. An
ELECTRICAL SANCTION FOR TEST shall be issued to the person in charge of the
testing. The SAEP issuing the document shall satisfy himself that the AEP
receiving the document understands the location of the safety precautions and
the equipment on which he is permitted to carry out testing. The AEP shall read
the SFT and shall sign its receipt and its duplicate.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

5.2.2

The person to whom an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK or LIMITATION OF


ACCESS is issued shall be a CEP, who shall retain the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO
WORK or LIMITATION OF ACCESS in his possession at all times, and remain on
site, whilst work is being carried out.

5.2.3

The person in charge to whom a SANCTION FOR TEST is issued shall be an AEP,
who shall retain the SANCTION FOR TEST in his possession at all times, and
remain on site, whilst tests are being made.

5.2.4

Where more than one WORKING PARTY is concerned, an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO


WORK or LIMITATION OF ACCESS shall be issued to the CEP in charge of each
WORKING PARTY.

5.2.5

The issue of ELECTRICAL PERMITS TO WORK, SANCTION FOR TEST and


LIMITATIONS OF ACCESS under section 5.1.4 shall be logged in a book provided
for that purpose in DCC.

5.3

Precautions during progress of work

5.3.1

HV APPARATUS ISOLATED and EARTHED for work under the terms of an


ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK shall remain so until the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO
WORK has been cleared returned to an AEP and cancelled.

5.3.2

The APPARATUS ISOLATED and EARTHED for testing under the terms of a
SANCTION FOR TEST shall not be connected to the system without the
agreement of the LCP. The recipient of the SANCTION FOR TEST shall be
responsible for coordinating all testing operations on the ISOLATED APPARATUS
and for ensuring safety during the tests. He may, without reference to the LCP,
remove and replace EARTHS as necessary and carry out tests including making
LIVE the APPARATUS concerned from a testing supply. This does not mean that
the recipient of the SANCTION FOR TEST has to carry out the tests personally,
but that they shall be carried out under his direct supervision.

5.4

Procedure for clearance and cancellation

5.4.1

When work on APPARATUS for which an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK has been
issued is completed, the recipient shall sign the clearance and return the
ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK to an AEP who shall cancel it and inform the RCP.

5.4.2

Where more than one ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK has been issued for work
on HV APPARATUS associated with the same CIRCUIT MAIN EARTHS, the RCP
shall ensure that all such ELECTRICAL PERMITS TO WORK have been cancelled
before the CIRCUIT MAIN EARTHS are removed.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

5.4.3

When testing on APPARATUS for which a SANCTION FOR TEST has been issued is
completed, the recipient shall sign the clearance and return the SANCTION FOR
TEST to a SAEP for cancellation.

5.4.4

A circuit under SANCTION FOR TEST shall have all CIRCUIT MAIN EARTHS
restored prior to cancellation unless agreement was reached with the LCP at the
time of issue to accept the cancellation of the SANCTION FOR TEST without these
EARTHS in position.

5.4.5

The SAEP, before canceling the SANCTION FOR TEST shall enter under
"Exceptions" the changes of state of EARTHING of the circuit and then inform the
LCP of the cancellation and of the operational state of the circuit.

5.4.6

When work for which a LIMITATION OF ACCESS has been issued is completed,
the recipient shall sign the clearance and return the LIMITATION OF ACCESS for
cancellation to an AEP.

5.4.7

When work for which a LIMITATION OF ACCESS under section 5.1.4 is canceled,
then the RCP shall be informed.

5.5

General requirements

5.5.1

All ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENTS are issued at work site.

5.5.2

All Electrical safety documents forms are printed in a book form and are pre
numbered and its issue is controlled.
2 copies are made - White and
Yellow (card). The white copies are generally retained in the book, Yellow card is
issued to document recipient, the first white original returned to DCC for
archiving.

5.5.3

Cancelled and completed original white copy is archived for two years in
separate files.

5.5.3

While writing these documents the following shall be adhered to:

5.5.3.1

Write using ink, use capital letters

5.5.3.2

Full entries are made against all statements

5.5.3.3

Print NONE if any statement is not complied with

5.5.3.4

Strike out if not applicable

5.5.3.5

'Ditto' sign shall not be used

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

5.5.3.6

6.

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Record the name of the LCP or RCP as required.

Precautions for specific APPARATUS


Precautions to be taken in addition to the rules laid down in section 4 when working
with specific APPARATUS are covered in this section.

6.1

Work on Overhead lines

6.1.1 General
6.1.1.1

Climbing on Wood Poles and towers


Before any pole is climbed, it shall be sounded. No pole badly impaired
by decay or damage shall be climbed until the person in charge is
satisfied that it has been made safe.
Persons shall use APPROVED safety harness or belt depending on the
nature of work risks which he shall examine to see that it is in good order,
on each occasion before use.
No person shall climb any pole supporting LIVE HV conductors except in
accordance with Rule 6.1.4.

6.1.1.2

Adverse weather conditions.


On the near approach of a lightning storm, all work on overhead lines
shall cease immediately and the CEP in charge shall inform the AEP that
his WORKING PARTY is not working on the overhead line.
No Person alone shall patrol an overhead line across country when
visibility is dangerously impaired.
If overhead lines are to be patrolled during the hours of darkness,
suitable lighting equipment should be provided.

6.1.2

Activities in the vicinity of overhead power lines

6.1.2.1

A clearance certificate shall be issued prior to starting any work in the vicinity of
an overhead line or passing under the line of vehicles higher than 5.5 meter
above ground where goal posts have not been erected. The certificate can only
be issued by the MJEC area distribution engineer who is an AUTHORISED
ELECTRICAL PERSON. On roads where goal posts have been erected,

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

vehicles/equipment with a height lower than the sign posted maximum does not
require a Clearance certificate.

6.1.2.2

The driver or person in charge on site shall carry a copy of the authorised
Clearance Certificate, including route map/ situation sketch as supplied with the
certificate.
(See Appendix G for detailed guidance)

6.1.3

Identification of circuits

6.1.3.1 Single circuit HIGH VOLTAGE overhead Lines


Where poles or structures supporting LIVE conductors are part of an overhead
line circuit whose route runs near, or in the immediate vicinity of other overhead
line circuits, then those poles or structures shall carry an APPROVED label or
symbol to enable easy identification of that circuit from ground level.
6.1.3.2 Double circuit HIGH VOLTAGE overhead Lines
Where single towers or structures are used to support the LIVE conductors of
two circuits, then each tower or structure shall carry APPROVED labels or
symbols, so that a positive identification of each circuit, and the position of its
conductors on the towers and structures, can be made both by persons from
ground level, and by persons working up a tower or structure under an
ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOCUMENT.
6.1.4

Work on poles supporting the HV conductors of one circuit

6.1.4.1

No CEP shall climb any such pole supporting LIVE conductors except
under the direct supervision of an AEP, who shall ensure that the person
does not ascend to a position in which it is possible for him to bring any
part of his body or working tool within the SAFETY DISTANCES specified in
Rule 4.6.

6.1.4.2

Additionally when work is to be carried out within one meter distance


outside the SAFETY DISTANCES specified in Rule 4.6, the AEP shall issue a
LIMITATION OF ACCESS to the CEP. A DANGER NOTICE (or any other
practical means), shall also be attached to the pole at a distance from
LIVE conductors not less than those specified in Rule 4.6.

6.1.5

Work on towers or structures supporting the HIGH VOLTAGE conductors.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

6.1.5.1

No person shall climb above the anti-climbing guards of such towers or


structures supporting the LIVE conductors, unless he is first issued with a
LIMITATION OF ACCESS, stating the precautions he and his WORKING
PARTY shall take to avoid DANGER.

6.1.5.2

An AEP shall personally ensure that DANGER NOTICES or APPROVED red


flags are attached to all sides of the tower or structure above which,
persons climbing shall be instructed not to pass. These DANGER NOTICES
or APPROVED red flags shall be attached at a distance from the lowest
LIVE conductor so that persons working on the steelwork beneath them
cannot bring any part of their bodies or working tools within the SAFETY
DISTANCES specified in Rule 4.6.

6.1.5.3

The AEP shall from the ground directly supervise all such persons
climbing or working on the towers or structures.

6.1.6

Lower portion of towers.


Painting and other work above the anti-climbing devices on the lower
portions of towers carrying shall only be permitted under the following
conditions:

i. The work shall be carried out under the terms of a LOA.


ii. Before anyone is allowed to start work the person in charge at each tower shall define
the area to be worked in by removable barriers, roping, red flags or pennants arranged
to prevent any person working on the tower nearer than the distances given below in
Table 2, from any LIVE conductors. While doing so the person in charge shall be under
observation by another person at ground level.
iii. No man shall work in such a manner that it is possible to bring any part of his body or
any tool within the SAFETY DISTANCE under Rule 4.6.
iv. No person shall work in such a manner that his arms or any tool extended beyond the
body of the tower.
v. No tool above 0.3 meters in length shall be taken up the tower.
Table 2
Rated Voltage

Clearance

Not exceeding 6.6kV

2.5m

Exceeding 6.6kV but not exceeding 11 kV

2.6m

Exceeding 11 kV but not exceeding33kV

2.8m

Exceeding 33kV but not exceeding 66kv

3.0m

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

Exceeding 66kV but not exceeding 220kV

6.1.7

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

4.6m

Work on single or double circuit HIGH VOLTAGE overhead lines with all
conductors DEAD
For work on HV conductors the AEP in addition to the procedures called for in
Rule 4.3 shall:-

6.1.7.01

Identify the line to be worked on in an APPROVED manner at the point of


work.

6.1.7.02

Ensure, if practicable that the line is DEAD by checking with an


APPROVED voltage testing device.

6.1.7.03

If, from the point of work the conductors can be seen to be EARTHED,
avoid checking with the APPROVED voltage testing device.

6.1.7.04

Issue the CEP holding the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK with portable
EARTHING leads that shall be used as ADDITIONAL EARTHS.

6.1.7.05

For work on HV conductors the CEP holding the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO


WORK shall:(i) Before the commencement of work apply ADDITIONAL EARTHS at or as near
as practicable to the point of work. These portable EARTHING leads shall
be used to bond together all conductors and be connected to EARTH.
(ii) An APPROVED label reading 'A.E.' shall be attached to the portable
EARTHING leads.
Remove and re-apply these ADDITIONAL EARTHS at different points of
work on the line, but only if they are kept between the CIRCUIT MAIN
EARTH positions.
Dispense with the use of ADDITIONAL EARTHS if CIRCUIT MAIN EARTHS
have been applied in the immediate vicinity at each side of the point of
work.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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If the WORKING PARTY leaves the line at any time, check when they
come back, that they have returned to the same line and that all EARTHS
adjacent to the point of work, are still in position before allowing work to
start again.
Check that all members of the WORKING PARTY are off the line before
removing all the ADDITIONAL EARTHS.
Sign the 'Clearance section' of the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK.
6.1.8

Work on double circuit lines with one circuit Live

6.1.8.1

Where the design of towers or structures enables the SAFETY DISTANCES


as specified in Rule 4.6 to be maintained when persons are working on
the DEAD conductors of one circuit with the other one LIVE, then in
addition to the requirements of Rules 4.3, 6.1.7, the AEP shall take the
following precautions before work commences.

6.1.8.2

At the point of work personally identify the circuit to be worked on, and
instruct the WORKING PARTY how to obtain safe access, up the tower or
structure, to the circuit's DEAD conductors.

6.1.8.3

Attach an APPROVED green flag at ground level on the DEAD circuit side
of the face of the tower or structure showing the safe access approach.

6.1.8.4

Attach a DANGER NOTICE at ground level on the LIVE circuit side of the
face of the tower or structure.

6.1.8.5

Enter on the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK the wording of the circuit


identification or symbol that is attached to the tower or structure, of the
circuit to be worked on.

6.1.8.6

Instruct the CEP holding the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK, to climb


ahead of the rest of the WORKING PARTY, and to attach APPROVED red
flags to the cross arms of the tower or structure, between the two
circuits, drawing attention to the DANGERS of approaching the LIVE
circuit.

6.1.8.7

Ensure that these APPROVED red flags are attached so that all members
of the WORKING PARTY are aware that no part of their bodies or working
tools shall go beyond them and come within the SAFETY DISTANCES
specified in Rule 4.6.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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6.1.8.8

Remain on the ground, adjacent to the tower or structure, watching


whilst members of the WORKING PARTY are working above the anticlimbing guards. Be prepared to warn them if they approach the LIVE
circuit, and are in DANGER of bringing any part of their bodies or working
tools, within the SAFETY DISTANCES specified in Rule 4.6.

6.1.8.9

The CEP holding the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK shall ensure that until
the work is finished and the rest of the WORKING PARTY have descended
to the ground, the conductors remain EARTHED at the point of work and
the APPROVED red and green flags and DANGER NOTICES are kept in
position.

6.1.9
6.1.9.1

6.1.10

Work on the Common Earth Conductor of Double Circuit Overhead Lines


Before work commences on the overhead common EARTH conductor of a
double circuit overhead line, the AEP shall ensure that both circuits are
made DEAD , and that the procedures called for in Rule 4.3 and Rule 6.1.6
are applied for both circuits.
TREE CUTTING

6.1.10.1

Where tree branches are in contact with an overhead line, the provisions
of 4.3 shall apply before work commences to remove the branches from
the overhead line.

6.1.10.2

Where branches are free of contact with the overhead line and have
clearance well above the SAFETY DISTANCE as per section 4.6, but may
come into contact with it after being cut, the work may be carried out
under a LIMITATION OF ACCESS and sections 4.3.1.3, 4.3.1.4 and 4.3.1.5
shall not apply.

6.1.11

LV Overhead lines

6.1.11.1

General
When all conductors can be made dead precautions under Rule 4.4 shall
be taken in addition to those under Rule 6.1.1.

6.1.11.2

Exposed conductors
Before work is commenced on exposed low voltage overhead lines which
have been made DEAD, the conductors including the neutral shall be

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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short circuited and where practicable EARTHED by APPROVED LV earthing


device.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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6.1.11.3 Insulated conductors


If any new service connection or repairs to existing connection is to be made on insulated LV
overhead lines without making the conductors dead in order to avoid power outage for a large
number of consumers the following procedures shall be followed.
1. All work on LIVE LV overhead lines shall be carried out by a CEP accompanied by another
person, who is instructed to remain on site at ground level during the work, observe and
warn the CEP in case of any impending DANGER. The second person shall have sufficient
awareness and competency to call for help in case of any emergency.
2. No work shall be carried out if the conductor insulation is damaged. In such cases the
line shall be isolated, proved dead, attach CN and SP at the point of isolation.
3. All works on live LV overhead lines shall be stopped during lightning and or rains.
4. Iron climbers shall not be used for climbing poles. Insulated ladder must be used. Ensure
the pole is not decayed or damaged in any manner.
5. CEP shall use approved line tester, clamp on ammeter and insulated tools and ensure
they are free from defects before starting the work.
6. Service connection or disconnection shall be carried out as per procedures detailed in
the service connection agreement contract between MJEC and the contractor.
7. When work is to be carried out on auxiliary circuits, which may be subjected to induced
voltages from adjacent High Voltage circuits, additional precautions to prevent DANGER
from these voltages shall be taken in accordance.
6.1.11.4

LV Overhead lines installed below HV overhead lines.


Any overhead line over which a new line is to be run shall be made DEAD
in case if the safety distance as per table cannot be maintained.
Work can be carried out on LV conductors installed on wood poles
supporting LIVE HV conductors, provided safety clearance as per rule
6.1.1.1 is maintained. An LOA shall be issued to the CEP as per rule
6.1.4.2 or if verbal instruction is not considered sufficient.

6.2
6.2.1

Work on or testing of underground cables


Work on HV Cables
For work on HV cables, the AEP in addition to the procedures called for in Rule
4.3 shall do the following.

6.2.1.1

Ensure that no person touches or cuts into the insulation which covers
the conductor, unless the conductor is DEAD, ISOLATED and EARTHED.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

6.2.1.2

6.2.2

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Before issuing the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK to the CEP, identify the
cable to be worked on at the point of work, and prove it dead by
APPROVED spiking equipment or other APPROVED means.
Work on LV Cables
For work on LV cables, the CEP in addition to the procedures called for in Rule
4.4 shall

6.2.2.1

Take all reasonably practicable steps to prevent the cable being made
LIVE in error during the course of work.

6.2.2.1

Keep any SAFETY PADLOCK keys, withdrawn fuses or links in a safe place
during the course of work.

6.2.2.1

Before the start of the work, clearly identify the cable at the point of
work to the person in charge of the work.

6.2.3

Work in the vicinity of buried cables

6.2.3.1

Accidental striking of power or auxiliary cables buried in the ground can


result in fatal or severe accidents in addition to possible loss of electrical
supplies to important installations. To prevent such incidents it is
necessary for all other utilities such as Public works, Water, Sewage ,
Gas, Telephone and other Electricity transmission and distribution
agencies to get clearance from MJEC before excavation is started.

6.2.3.2

If the excavations are in the vicinity of MJEC underground electrical


cables then an AEP shall specify on the Excavation clearance any
additional precautions that shall be taken to safeguard the cables.

6.2.3.3

If in the view of the AEP the cables should be made DEAD, he may state
so in the Excavation clearance.

6.2.3.4

Before excavation in public areas, concerned party has to approach


concerned Government agencies for permission. They will grant
permission after confirmation of approval from all concerned agencies
such as Public works, Water, Sewage, Gas, Telephone and other
Electricity transmission and distribution agencies.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

6.3

6.3.1

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Work on HIGH VOLTAGE Transformers.

For work on HV transformers, the AEP in addition to the procedures called for in
Rule 4.3 shall take the following precautions.

6.3.1.1

Ensure that, where auxiliary or voltage transformers cannot be ISOLATED


from the HV conductors, the LV fuses or links are withdrawn and kept in a
safe place during the progress of the work.

6.3.1.2

Where work is to be carried out on an HV/LV transformer, ensure that


the LV windings are ISOLATED either by the opening of a switch or
withdrawal of fuses or links, so that any possible back feed is prevented
during the progress of the work. Attach CAUTION NOTICES at the points
of ISOLATION.

6.3.1.3

Before issuing the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK to the CEP, identify at


the point of work, the transformer to be worked on.

6.3.2

Work on pole mounted transformers


For any work on pole mounted transformers Rule 4.3 shall apply.
After removing the Drop out fuses (DOF) and isolating from the low voltage
circuits, AEP shall apply portable earthing leads to the outgoing terminals of the
DOF as CME before issuing EPTW to CEP.
The CEP shall avoid standing on the structure and maintain SAFETY DISTANCE at
all times.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

6.4
6.4.1

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

WORK ON HIGH VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR


Withdrawable APPARATUS
When work is to be carried out on withdrawable HV APPARATUS (e.g. a circuit
breaker), then the AEP in addition to the procedures called for in Rule
4.1.1.shall:-

6.4.1.1

Disconnect the withdrawable HV APPARATUS from all supplies and


remove from its normal service housing.

6.4.1.1

Discharge its conductors to EARTH, but they need not remain connected
to EARTH.

6.4.2.

Work on Busbar Spouts


When work is to be carried out on the busbars or busbars spouts of multi-panel
switchboards then the AEP in addition to the procedures called for in Rule 4.3
shall:-

6.4.2.1

Ensure that the section of the busbars on which work is to be carried out
are made DEAD and ISOLATED from all points of supply from which it can
be made LIVE.

6.4.2.2

Ensure that the ISOLATING arrangements are secured with SAFETY


PADLOCKS, and where practicable, the shutters of LIVE spouts locked
shut.

6.4.2.3

Attach CAUTION NOTICES at all points where the busbars can be made
LIVE.

6.4.2.4

Attach DANGER NOTICES, where applicable, on or adjacent to


APPARATUS containing LIVE conductors at the limits of the busbar on
which work is to be carried out.

6.4.2.5

Test with an APPROVED voltage testing device that the busbars are dead,
checking the voltage testing device before and after use.

6.4.2.6

EARTH the busbar at the point of testing and where practicable lock the
CIRCUIT MAIN EARTH in position. Attach an EARTHED NOTICE to the
circuit breaker or EARTHING device.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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6.4.2.7

Test with an APPROVED voltage testing device every spout where work is
to be carried out, checking the voltage testing device before and after
use.

6.4.2.8

Where the spouts are connected to an overhead circuit on which there is


any likelihood of dangerous induced voltages ADDITIONAL EARTHS shall
be efficiently connected at the nearest point to the point of work where
access to the conductors can safely be obtained.

6.4.2.9

Issue an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK to a CEP.

6.4.4

Work on HIGH VOLTAGE APPARATUS containing Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) gas

6.4.4.1

For any equipment containing SF6 gas the relevant Code of Practice must be
available at the point of work stating the method of dealing with the gas and
associated compounds. The apparatus shall bear an APPROVED NOTICE stating
that it contains Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6).

6.4.4.1

In addition to the requirements of Rule 4.3 the following special precautions


shall be taken when any work involves access to any part of the equipment
which is, or has been in contact with the gas or associated compounds:

6.4.5

(i)

The apparatus shall be isolated from all sources of supply of gas, purged
in accordance with the codes of practice and the associated receivers and
pipe work left open to the atmosphere.

(ii)

The valves shall be locked by safety locks and the keys shall be placed in
the appropriate KEY SAFE.

(iii)

CAUTION NOTICES shall be attached to the Valves.

(v)

Approved protective clothing, respirators, eye shields and safe handling


equipment shall be available and used where DANGER may arise.

Non withdrawable switchgears

6.4.5.1

Ring Main Units Reference shall be made to Manufacturers operating


instructions for all operations. For closing any circuits to earth, rule 4.5.1
shall be followed.

6.4.5.2

If fuses are to be replaced in HFU unit an EPTW shall be issued after


switching off the disconnect and closing the incoming end

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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of the fuse to EARTH. The EARTH switch shall be padlocked and an EARTHED NOTICE attached.

6.5
6.5.1

Work in Substations with exposed HIGH VOLTAGE conductors


Safety Distances to Live Conductors
When work is to be carried out in substations where there are exposed LIVE HV
conductors, then unless the whole APPARATUS and conductors are to be made
DEAD, the AEP in addition to the procedures called for in Rule 4.3 shall:-

6.5.1.1

Identify the area where work may be carried out safely and ensure that
SAFETY DISTANCES called for in Rule 4.6 are maintained by the WORKING
PARTY and the tools and equipment they are to use. If no ELECTRICAL
PERMIT TO WORK or SANCTION FOR TEST is issued for adjacent
APPARATUS in the substation, then he shall issue a LIMITATION OF
ACCESS to the CEP in charge of the work, specifying how the SAFETY
DISTANCES from LIVE conductors shall be maintained during the course
of the work.

6.5.1.1

If APPROVED barriers or ropes are necessary to define the safe area of


work, ensure that these are clearly visible and are not tied or supported
by any structure carrying LIVE APPARATUS or conductors. The safe area
shall have minimum clearance as per table 2 under section 6.1.4.3 to
the nearest exposed conductor from ground level or any plat forms or
ladders used. Safe area shall be identified by attaching of green flags
inside the barriers or ropes and DANGER NOTICES attached to adjoining
LIVE APPARATUS.

6.5.1.1

Ensure that ladders required for the work shall be of an APPROVED type
and be kept secure with a STANDARD ELECTRICAL PADLOCK when not in
use. When ladders are used to gain access to DEAD APPARATUS, subject
to an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK, these shall be locked in position
with a STANDARD ELECTRICAL PADLOCK or by any other APPROVED
means such that they cannot be removed unauthorized.

6.5.1.1

Ensure that if ladders, scaffolding, cranes etc, are to be used, that the
position that they shall be placed and the route through the substation to
that position shall first be agreed. Scaffolding and cranes, etc., shall be
connected to the substation EARTH system as soon as they are in position
for work to take place.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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6.6

WORK ON REMOTELY OR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLED HV APPARATUS

6.6.1

Physical Danger
Serious bodily harm can be suffered by persons working on HV APPARATUS such
as tap-change gear, circuit breakers, etc, due to the automatic or remote control
feature being operated in error.

6.6.2

Precautions
For work on remotely or automatically controlled HV APPARATUS such as tapchange gear, circuit breakers, disconnectors, etc., the AEP before work
commences shall:-

6.6.2.1

Ensure that all remote control and automatic features are made so that
they cannot be operated and, where practicable, secure with SAFETY
PADLOCKS and CAUTION NOTICES.

6.6.2.1

Take such precautions to ensure that no work will be in progress on the


tap-changer, circuit breaker etc., when work is taking place on the
controlling equipment associated wiring or relays, except when it is
undertaken by an AEP or CEP acting under his direct supervision.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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6.7

WORK ON HV STATIC CAPACITORS

6.7.1

For work on HV static capacitors the AEP in addition to the procedures called for
in Rule 4.3 shall:-

6.7.1.1

Apply APPROVED capacitor EARTHING devices to the capacitor frames.

6.7.1.2

Apply APPROVED capacitor EARTHING devices to the common


connection of each group of capacitors.

6.7.1.3

Issue ADDITIONAL EARTHS to the CEP holding the ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO


WORK and instruct him to apply these to the capacitor units at the point
of work.

6.7.2

Capacitor units shall be short-circuited and remain short-circuited when


removed from the circuit or in cases where the AEP finds it is not
practicable to apply the EARTHING requirements of Rule 6.7.1.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

7.

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Live Line Washing

7.1

General

7.1.1.

Contractors are selected to carry out LIVE LINE WASHING in MJEC. They shall
have proven LIVE LINE WASHING procedures, adequately trained and
experienced staff and all the necessary well maintained equipment to carry out
such work.

7.1.3

RCP shall agree not to reclose the line without permission from the AEP in charge
of live line washing.

7.1.2

The AEP before initiating LIVE LINE WASHING shall ensure that the Contractor's
Supervisor has the necessary evidence and certificates on site to satisfy him that
the requirements of Rule 7.1.1 are met.

7.1.3

The LIVE LINE WASHING and the safety of the team shall be the responsibility of
the Contractor's Supervisor, who shall ensure that the work is carried out
correctly and is present all the time the washing is taking place in accordance
with the Rules in this Section 7.0.

7.2

LIVE LINE WASHING Equipment

7.2.1

Monitoring devices to check the conductivity of the water to be used shall be


available on site.

7.2.2

The equipment shall have a nozzle which is such that the water ejected by it
breaks into a spray before reaching the insulator being washed.

7.2.3

The nozzle and metal parts of the equipment shall be bonded together to EARTH
by a suitable EARTHING lead which is not less than 70 mm2 copper equivalent in
cross-section.

7.3

Safety precautions

7.3.1

The AEP shall inform the RCP of the location of the LIVE LINE WASHING to be
carried out by the Contractor. The AEP shall inform the RCP when the LIVE LINE
WASHING is started and notify completion.

7.3.2

The AEP shall issue a LIMITATION OF ACCESS to the Contractor's CEP who is in
charge of the LIVE LINE WASHING. The LIMITATION OF ACCESS shall state the
name of the circuit, its identification or symbol and any precautions taken by the
AEP.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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7.3.3

The contractor CEP shall normally remain on site throughout the LIVE LINE
WASHING taking place on wood pole overhead lines.

7.3.4

The AEP shall remain on site throughout the LIVE LINE WASHING taking place in
substations or on double circuit overhead lines.

7.3.5

The water being used for LIVE LINE WASHING shall have a resistivity of more
than 2500 ohms-cm (conductivity less than 400 micro Siemens). This shall be
constantly monitored as a rise in the water temperature increases its
conductivity. The water quality monitoring shall be done using an automatic
monitoring device fitted with an audible alarm signal.

7.3.6

When no connection to a fixed EARTH plate is available on site for the bonding
called for in Rule 7.2.3, the Contractor's Supervisor shall have a temporary
EARTH electrode installed and check that its resistance is adequate for the
operator's safety before commencing any LIVE LINE WASHING.

7.3.7

The safety clearance necessary between the hose operator and LIVE conductors
will depend on the system voltage, the method of washing and the efficiency of
the breakup of the jet of water. The safety clearance necessary shall be agreed
between the Contractor's Supervisor and the AEP depending on the Contractor's
methods, equipment and experience.

7.3.8

The LIVE LINE WASHING shall not commence in unfavorable conditions such as
high winds as this would affect the direction of the water jets. LIVE LINE
WASHING shall stop in the event of a local lightning risk

7.3.9

Only one phase insulator shall be washed by the same jet. No other LIVE
conductor at a lesser distance than the one being washed shall be sprayed in
error.

7.3.10

The Contractor's supervisor shall be responsible for ensuring that the LIVE LINE
WASHING operator wears any protective clothing necessary for this work.

8. Working on Live HV system


8.1 GENERAL
To date no MJEC personnel have been trained, authorized or equipped to carry out
LIVE LINE WORKING procedures on HV conductors on the MJEC electrical systems.
8.1.1
Contractors selected to carry out such LIVE LINE WORKING procedures in
MJEC shall have proven LIVE LINE WORKING procedures, adequately trained and

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

experienced staff and the necessary well maintained LIVE LINE tools and equipment to
carry out such work.
8.1.2
The AEP before initiating LIVE LINE WORK shall ensure that the Contractor's
Supervisor has the written procedures, the necessary evidence and certificates on site
to satisfy him that the above requirements are met.
8.1.3
The LIVE LINE WORKING and the safety of the team shall be the
responsibility of the Contractor's Supervisor, who shall ensure that the procedure is
carried out correctly and is present throughout the procedure to ensure that it is in
accordance with the Rules in this Section 8.0.
8.2 LIVE LINE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
8.2.1
LIVE LINE tools and equipment shall be kept in a clean and dry condition
and immediately before use be inspected by the Contractor's Supervisor to ensure
they are clean, dry and in sound condition.
8.2.2
A clear mark shall be maintained on every LIVE LINE tool and equipment
where appropriate, indicating the limit of the safe handling distance which shall not be
less than as indicated in Table 2 below.

NOMINAL SYSTEM VOLTAGE

SAFE HANDLING DISTANCE

Up to and including 33 kV

1.5 m

Exceeding 33 kV but not exceeding 66 kV

2.1 m

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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8.3 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS


8.3.1
The AEP shall inform the LCP of the nature and location of the LIVE LINE
WORK to be carried out by the Contractor.
If the circuit to be worked on is controlled by an automatic circuit reclosing device,
work shall not commence until the automatic reclosing features have been made
inoperative.
8.3.2
The AEP shall issue a LIMITATION-OF-ACCESS to the Contractor's Supervisor
who is in charge of the LIVE LINE WORK.
8.3.3
The LIMITATION-OF-ACCESS shall state the name of the circuit, its
identification label or symbol, the precautions taken by the AEP and a brief description
of the work to be carried out using the LIVE LINE WORKING procedure.
8.3.4
The AEP shall agree with the RCP that if the circuit becomes dead due to
the operation of protective equipment, the circuit shall not be re-energized without
reference being made to him on site and his consent obtained.
8.3.5
The AEP shall normally remain on site throughout any LIVE LINE WORKING
taking place on wood pole overhead lines, or in his absence, appoint a CEP to
represent him with full authority to stop the work if he considers the Contractors are
not working safely
8.3.6
The AEP shall remain on site throughout any LIVE LINE WORKING that takes
place in substations or on double circuit overhead lines
8.3.7
No LIVE LINE WORKING shall commence in unfavorable conditions, such as
rain, fog or high winds.
If weather or other unforeseen conditions make it necessary to suspend LIVE LINE
WORKING, then the circuit conductors and the equipment shall be left in a safe
condition and the LCP/RCP informed.
8.3.8
Before work commences, all conductors and associated pole top, line and
tower fittings, steelwork and insulators shall be thoroughly examined at the point of
work, through binoculars if necessary, so as to minimize the possibility of failure of

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

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these parts during LIVE LINE WORK. This examination shall extend to include adjacent
spans and supports on both sides of the point of work.
8.3.9
Before any pole is climbed it shall be sounded. No pole badly impaired by
decay or damage shall be climbed until the Contractor's Supervisor is satisfied that he
has made it safe for climbing, alternatively access to the top of the pole shall be by
suitable means independent of the pole.
8.3.10
Before displacing conductors adequate precautions shall be taken to
avoid DANGER and to ensure the safety of third persons, Safe clearances shall also be
maintained between the line and other APPARATUS and objects.
8.3.11
No vehicle or person other than members of the LIVE LINE WORKING
team shall be allowed in the near vicinity of the point of work while the work is in
progress without the consent of the Contractor's Supervisor in charge of the LIVE LINE
WORK. Temporary markers may be erected to ensure this requirement is met.
8.3.12
No person shall climb, move or work in such a position to bring any part of
his body, clothing or any working tool, other than LIVE LINE WORKING tools or
equipment, within the distances as indicated in Table below. This distance shall be
marked on the structure. Refer to section 4.6

NOMINAL SYSTEM VOLTAGE

SAFE DISTANCE

Not exceeding 11 kV

0.9 m

Exceeding 11 kV but not exceeding 33 kV

1.2 m

Exceeding 33 kV but not exceeding 66 kV

1.8 m

8.3.13
The Contractor's Supervisor shall be responsible for ensuring all personnel
of the LIVE LINE WORKING team wear the protective clothing and equipment
necessary for this work.

8.3.14
The AEP shall inform the RCP when the HV live line work is completed and the LOA
is canceled.

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX A1 ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK

ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK


AREA:
Number of additional earths issued

NO.
WORK LOCATION:

KEY NO. RECEIVED WITH E.P.T.W.


1. ISSUE
TO.........................EMPLOYED BY.........................
A. I hereby declare that it is safe to work on the following apparatus as per MJEC ESR,
which is dead, isolated, connected to earth and caution notices posted.
_____________________________________________________________________________
TREAT ALL OTHER APPARATUS AS LIVE
B. The apparatus is isolated at the following points.
______________________________________________________________________________
C. The apparatus is efficiently earthed at the following points.
_____________________________________________________________________________
DANGER NOTICES POSTED AT.
______________________________________________________________________________
D. The following is the work to be carried out on the above apparatus
______________________________________________________________________________
E. Issued with knowledge of ........................REMOTE/CONTROL PERSON-RCP
Signed .................. Time .......... Date .................... being a
Authorized Electrical Person, License Card No. (

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

) possessing authority to issue this EPTW

Page 52

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

2. RECEIPT
I hereby declare that I accept responsibility for carrying out the work on the apparatus detailed
on this Permit and that no attempt will be made by me or by the men under my supervision to
carry out work on any other apparatus.
Signed ...................... Time ....................... Date ..
Signed ................. Time ....................... Date ...........
being the CEP, License Card No. (

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

) in charge of the work.

Page 53

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

3. CLEARANE
I hereby declare that the work for which this Permit was issued is now completed / not
completed, and that all men under my supervision have been withdrawn and warned that it is no
longer safe to work on the apparatus specified on this Permit and that all gear, tools and
additional earthing connections are clear. (Delete where applicable)
Signed ................. Time ....................... Date ...........
being the CEP in charge of the work.
4. CANCELLATION OF PERMIT
This EPTW is hereby cancelled and I have informed the following
at
control.........................................................................................
.............. (Name)
Signed
...............................
Time
.......................
Date
............................ is being Authorized Electrical Person possessing authority to cancel
this EPTW.
CANCELLATION AND OPERATIONAL STATE NOTIFIED TO (REMOTE CONTROL PERSONRCP)..................................................

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 54

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX A2 - SANCTION FOR TEST


SANCTION FOR TEST
AREA:

No.
WORK LOCATION:

Number of additional earths issued


KEY SAFES/SAFETY PADLOCK NOS
1. ISSUE
TOEMPLOYED BY.........................
A. The following APPARATUS has been made safe in accordance with the MJEC ELECTRICAL
SAFETY RULES for the testing detailed on this SANCTION FOR TEST to proceed.
______________________________________________________________________________
B. The apparatus is isolated at the following points.
______________________________________________________________________________
C. The apparatus is efficiently earthed (CME) at the following points.
______________________________________________________________________________
(THESE MAY BE REMOVED AND REPLACED UNDER THIS SANCTION FOR TEST without reference
to SAEP)
DANGER NOTICES POSTED AT.
______________________________________________________________________________
D. The following is the TEST to be carried out on the above apparatus
______________________________________________________________________________
_E. Issued with knowledge of ................LOCAL/CONTROL PERSON -LCP
Signed ............... Time .................. Date ........................
being a Senior Authorized Person , License Card No. (
this SFT.

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

) possessing authority to issue

Page 55

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

2. RECEIPT
I accept responsibility for the testing of the APPARATUS detailed on this SANCTION TO TEST and
for taking precautions to prevent danger...
Signed ....................... Time ..................... Date ...
Signed ........................... Time ......................... Date ...........
being the AEP, License Card No. (

) in charge of the work.

3. CLEARANCE
All persons under my charge have now been withdrawn and warned that it is no longer safe to
work on the APPARATUS detailed on this SANCTION-FOR-TEST. ALL ADDITIONAL EARTHS have
been removed. The testing is *COMPLETE/INCOMPLETE The operational state of the apparatus
is the same as at the time of this issue of this SANCTION FOR TEST apart from the exceptions
noted below.
Exception (if none, state none)
(Delete where applicable)
Signed ................... Time ....................... Date .............
being the AEP in charge of the work.
4. CANCELLATION OF PERMIT
This SFT is hereby cancelled and I have informed the following at
(Name) Local Control Person
Signed ................. Time .......................... Date ................ being a
Senior Authorized Electrical Person possessing authority to cancel this SFT

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 56

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX A3 LIMITATION OF ACCESS

LIMITATION OF ACCESS
AREA:

No.
WORK LOCATION:

1. ISSUE
TOEMPLOYED BY......................... .
Permission is given to carry out the work described below which is in the vicinity of LIVE
conductor:WORK SITE:
______________________________________________________________________________
WORK TO BE DONE:
______________________________________________________________________________
NO OTHER WORK SHALL BE CARRIED OUT
LIVE APPARATUS:
______________________________________________________________________________
PRECAUTIONS THAT MUST BE TAKEN WHEN WORK IS CARRIED OUT:
____________________________________________________________________________
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR WORK ON LOW VOLTAGE APPARATUS:
______________________________________________________________________________
KEY SAFES/SAFETY PADLOCK NOS: ______________________________ *(if applicable)
Issued with knowledge of ..................REMOTE/CONTROL PERSON, RCP
Signed ............. Time .................. Date ............
being an authorized electrical Person, License Card No. (
LOA

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

) possessing authority to issue this

Page 57

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

2. RECEIPT
I accept responsibility for carrying out the work in accordance with this LIMITATION OF ACCESS
and no other work will be done by me or the persons under my charge.
Signed .................... Time .............. Date .............
being the CEP , License Card No. (

) in charge of the work.

3. CLEARANCE
All persons under my charge have now been withdrawn and warned that it is no longer
permitted to carry out work specified on this LIMITATION OF ACCESS
Signed ............................ Time ...... Date ........
being the CEP in charge of the work.
4. CANCELLATION OF PERMIT
This LIMITATION OF ACCESS is now cancelled. I have informed the following *(IF APPLICABLE)
LOCAL/CONTROL PERSON-LCP
.................................................................. (Name)
Signed .......................... Time .......... Date........................ being an
AUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL PERSON possessing authority to cancel this LOA

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 58

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX.B

CERTIFICATE OF AUTHORISATION

PHOTO

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 59

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX C
APPROVED SAFETY DEVICES FOR MJEC
DEVICE

SPECEFICATION

CAUTION NOTICE PLASTIC

APPLICATION
Rule 2.20.1

Made of ABS or similar plastic


sheet of minimum 3mm thick,
size 120x180mm.

DANGER NOTICE PLASTIC

Rule 2.20.2
Larger size can be used for
Same as above + of one more substation fences, doors,
size 300x450 mm
switch yards etc.

CME LABEL PLASTIC

AE LABEL PLASTIC

Made of ABS or similar plastic


sheet of minimum 3mm thick,
size 120x180mm.

Rule 4.5.3.8

Same as above

Rule 4.5.3.9

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 61

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

EARTHED NOTICE PLASTIC

Made of ABS or similar plastic


sheet of minimum 3mm thick,
size 120x180mm.

KEY SAFE

Box made of Aluminium sheets Rule 2.1.6


min. 3mm
thick, having 3
compartments
each
size
200x100x100 mm and fitted
with 3 cabinet locks of good
quality. Each compartment shall
have 2 SS hooks.

ARC FLASH PROOF SUITS

2
H
O
OK
S
IN
EA
CH
BO
X

http://www.boddingtonselectrical.com

Rule 2.22

SAFETY PADLOCK

00100BBI

STANDARD
ELECTRICAL
PADLOCK LEVEL 1

Rule 2.20.3

00A0110

Brass body Steel shackle


Body width:30-40 mm
Shackle dia:4mm
Horizontal clearance: 16-22mm
Vertical clearance:24-29mm
Individual keyed*
Brass body Steel shackle
Body width:50-60 mm
Shackle dia:8mm
Horizontal clearance: 24-30mm
Vertical clearance:30-40mm

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Duplicate keys to be
destroyed and locks for
each location shall be
numbered with area
prefixes. Eg IB 001 (for
Ibri area)
Rule 2.24
Master Keyed. All keys have
sequential
numbers
engraved with suffix A

Page 60

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Rule 2.24
STANDARD
ELECTRICAL

0000110

Master Keyed. All keys have


sequential
numbers
Same as Above preferably of a
engraved with suffix B
different shape or design

PADLOCK LEVEL 2

SAFETY

HARNESS

French Creek 631 Series Light


Weight Full Body Harness
Item : FC631

Class 2 Gloves (11kV)

Specify glove length, color


and size

Code:E2 - * - * - *
ELECTRICAL
RUBBER GLOVES (HV)

17,000vac max use voltage


Tested at 20,000vac

EXAMPLE: E2-14-B-11 is
Class 2, 14" length, black
and size 11

website
Meets or exceeds ASTM Refer
D120 and IEC 903 standards ordering:
Class 4 Gloves (33kV)

before

http://www.aplussafety.ne
t/products

Code:E4 - * - * - *
36,000vac max use voltage
Proof tested at 40,000vac
SAFETY HELMET

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 62

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

PFISTERER

Metal clad switchgear

KP TEST 5

Overhead line and exposed


conductors

CAT No. 930.110.010


VOLTAGE TESTING DEVICE 11kV

Refer before ordering:


Carrying case:
http://www.pfisterer.com
CAT No. 364.857.001

MODEL 257a

Metal clad switchgear

EDGCOMBE INSTRUMENTS UK Overhead line and exposed


AGENT: AL-MAAMARY
conductors
VOLTAGE TESTING DEVICE 33kV

or

For phasing and potential


detection

PFISTERER
KP TEST 5
CAT No. 930.140.620

VOLTAGE TESTING DEVICE LV

PORTABLE EARTHING LEADS HV

MULTIMETERS:
Note: AVO shall only be
BECKMANN HD 110
used with fused leads
FLUKE
AVO
Or any other make having
international certification label
like CE, KEMA, UL
Set consisting 3 conductor Rule 4.5.3
clamps and one earth clamp,
Cable size 70 mm2 copper.
http://www.thew.com.au/earth
ing.html

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 63

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

PORTABLE EARTHING LEADS LV

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Set consisting 4 conductor


clamps and one earth clamp,
Cable size 50 mm2 copper.
http://www.thew.com.au/earth
ing.html
For LV work.

Class 00 Gloves

LV GLOVES

Code:E00 * - * - *

http://www.aplussafety

500vac max use voltage

.net/products

Meets or exceeds ASTM

Specify glove length,

D120

color

and

IEC

903

and

size

standards

EXAMPLE: E00-11-R-10

Class 00 Glove Kit

is Class 00, 11" length,

Code:GK00 - * - * - *

red and size 10

Complete kit with gloves,


glove protectors and glove
bag

http://www.mitchellinstru
ment.com
10FT Hydraulic Cable Spike
Mitchell Part Number: SAL24322

CABLE SPIKING DEVICE


SAFETY BARRIERS OR ROPES
LADDERS
INFRA RED GOGLES

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 64

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Code:

AS1000HAT

10cal/cm2

For UV radiation protection


during arcs and flashes.
Refer
website
10cal shields ordering:

before

w/ chin cup http://www.aplussafety.ne


& brackets
t/products/store
Code:AS1000
AS1000FS
shield
ULTRA VIOLOT FACE SHIELD

w/

chin cup and slotted ASSLB


bracket

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 65

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX D
FIRST AID FOR ELECTRIC SHOCK
What to do:
1. Switch off the main switch.
2. Break the contact between electrical source and patient using dry non-conductive
object like wooden stick.
3. Call for help.
4. If breathing and heartbeat has stopped begin Cardio pulmonary resuscitation (C.P.R)
5. If breathing, but unconscious : Recovery Position
6. Treat any Burns
7. Treat for Shock
8. Secure the area by suitable barriers like caution tape to prevent others contacting live
apparatus.
Do not:
1. Touch the patient directly.
2. Panic or go near the area if high voltage electricity is suspected.

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 66

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

CPR IN THREE SIMPLE STEPS

Check the Scene


Make sure it is safe for you to help. Don't become another victim
Check the Victim
Tap and shout to get response
Call for Help
If there is no response, Call 9999, or tell
someone
to
call.
If you are alone with an adult, call first
then return to the victim

Airway
Tilt head back, lift chin up to open airway. Listen for breathing.
BREATHING
If not breathing, pinch nose and cover the
mouth with yours and blow until you see
the chest rise. Give 2 breaths. Each breath
should take 1 second. If chest doesn't rise,
open airway again.

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 67

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Circulation
If the victim is still not breathing normally,
coughing or moving, begin chest
compressions. Pump the chest 30 times.
Place the heel of one hand in the center of
the chest and your other hand on top of it.
Push down on the chest 1 to 2 inches 30
times right between the nipples. Pump at
the rate of 100/minute, faster than once
per second (16 in 10 seconds).

Repeat A - B - C
Until
help
arrives
or
the
victim
begins
breathing.
If there are two rescuers, one does the breathing and one does the compressions - CPR
steps and ratios remain the same.

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 68

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Recovery
If breathing and pulse OK, recovery position
ensures the prevention of tongue falling back and
blocking the airway.
Place the patient on their back.
Lift the chin to ensure the Lift the chin to ensure
the airway is open. Patient's arm on your side
should be positioned so as to make a right angle
with his body, with elbow bent and palm facing
out.
Patient's other arm on opposite side should be
placed across the chest, with back of their hand
against the cheek on your side of the patient.
Pull up the patient's knee point (side away from
you) as it bends with the foot flat on the ground.
Roll over the patient in this position towards your
side.
By tilting the patient's head back ensure that the
airway is open. The uppermost leg should be
adjusted in such a way that the hip and knee are
at right angles.
In case of a fall from height, do not move the patient
if a spinal injury is suspected.

Just remember

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

to save a life!

Page 69

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Burns
1. The affected area should be immediately kept under cold running water for 10 mins.
Helps to dissipate the localized high heat and reduces further burns by cooling off
the skin and tissues.
2. Remove clothing, watch and other jewelry
from the affected area.

3. Burnt area should be covered with sterile,


non-fluffy dressing / cling film

Do not :
1. Burst skin blisters.
2. Remove skin.
3. Apply creams, lotions on the burns.

4. Make the patient move unless you


need to for treatment.
5. Waste time, as burns can result into
death.
6. Feed by mouth - liquid or solids.

Shock (This is not same as electric shock)


Develop when oxygen delivery to the tissues is inadequate to meet the metabolic
requirements of the tissues. It can be caused by Trauma, Fear, and Loss of Body Fluids due
to burns.
Symptoms: Sweating, Unconscious, Confused and anxiety, Rapid breathing, Rapid and weak
pulse, Thirst, Nausea and vomiting, pale appearance
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Reassure, loosen any tight clothing, and keep area warm and airy.
If the cause can be removed such as - bleeding / burns.
If no fracture make the patient lies down and raise and support his legs.
If unconscious place in recovery position.
Monitor and the casualty.
Do not:
1. Feed the patient by mouth in spite of thirst.
2. Make the patient stand up or walk or run.
3. Allow the patient to smoke

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 71

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Page 70

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX E WORKING AND ACCESS CLEARANCE


1.0

The Working and Access Clearances given in the following Tables of this
Appendix are derived from the SAFETY DISTANCES 'X' (Table 1) specified in Rule
4.6.1 with the addition of 'Application Factors' suitable for the particular activity
to be undertaken in the vicinity of exposed LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE conductors.

2.0

Appendix E1 specifies the Working and Access Clearances for work on overhead
line poles when work is to be undertaken with the conductors LIVE.

3.0

Appendix E2 specifies the Working and Access Clearances for work in substations
containing exposed LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE conductors.

4.0

Appendix E3 specifies the Working and Access Clearances that Contractors


should be using when carrying out HIGH VOLTAGE LIVE LINE WORK on wood pole
overhead lines.

IMPORTANT NOTE
This Appendix has been produced and added to these Rules to give AUTHORISED
ELECTRICAL PERSONS operational guidance, when they are issuing ELECTRICAL
SAFETY DOCUMENTS, in the types of situations covered in appendices E1, E2 and
E3.
The Working and Access Clearance figures given should be used as a minimum
requirement, and should be increased if practicable in all such situations.
The importance of the AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL PERSONS understanding the
intention of Rule 4.6 is essential when using the Clearances given in this
Appendix E

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 72

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX E2
WORKING AND ACCESS CLEARANCES FOR WORK IN SUBSTATIONS CONTAINING EXPOSED LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE
CONDUCTORS RULE 4.6.4 ; 6.1.4

X = SAFETY DISTANCE

X = SAFETY DISTANCE

A = X+A F

300mm= APPLICATION FACTOR


(AF)

2100mm= APPLICATION FACTOR


(AF)

LIMIT MARKER

WORKING PLATFORM
LEVEL

LADDER OR CLIMBER

KV

A- MTR

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

SCAFFOLDING /PLATFORM

KV

B - MTRS

Page 73

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

S
11

1.2

11

3.0

33

1.5

33

3.3

APPENDIX E2
WORKING AND ACCESS CLEARANCES FOR WORK IN SWITCH YARDS RULE 4.6.4 ; 6.5.1

SAFE AREA
BOUNDRY

EXPOSED
LIVE
CONDUCTOR

X = SAFETY DISTANCE
B= X+A F

2100mm= APPLICATION
FACTOR (AF)

VERTICAL
LIMIT

AF=1500mm
ELEVATION

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 74

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX E3
HIGH VOLTAGE LIVE LINE WORK ON WOOD POLE OVERHEAD LINES
A

AF = 300mm
X = SAFETY DISTANCE 300M

2100mm= AF

B = VERTICAL CLEARENCE = X+AF

11KV
0.9M+2.1M= 3M

33KV
1.2M+2.1M= 3.3M

A = HORRIZONTAL CLEARENCE = X+AF

11KV
0.9M+0.3M= 1.2M

33KV
1.2M+0.3M= 1.5M

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 75

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

APPENDIX F : SWITCHING PROGRAM FORMAT

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY SAOC

REQUEST FOR SWITCHING & COMMISSIONING


(REFER RULE 4.2.)

PROG. REF No ....

ZONE

START DATE

EST.COMP.
DATE

LOCATION

START TIME

EST.COMP TIME

NET WORK TO BE
MADE DEAD
PURPOSE
INTERRUPTION
FROM

LOAD
INTERRUPTED(A)

TO

BACK FEEDING WILL BE


ARRANGED
YES

NO

BACK FEEDING FROM (S/S / FEEDER /


EQUIPME NT):
Note : If interruption is expected:

YES

PERSON IN CHARGE INFORMED TO CONCERN CUSTOMERS SERVICE

NO

DEPARTMENT .

ACTION PARTY

NAME

SIGNATURE

STATUS

PERSON IN CHARGE:

SAEP/ AEP

CHECKED BY:

RCP

PERMISSION TO
PROCEED BY:

LCP

ATTACHEMENTS: 1.SWITCHING PROGRAM


2.MARKED UP SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 76

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

SWITCHING PROGRAM

ITEM

SUBSTATION

CIRCUIT
OR UNIT

PROG. REF NO

OPERATION

OPERATOR

TIME

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
RETURN ON COMPLETION TO CONTROL CENTER
BY______________________DATE:__________________

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 77

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

SHEET NO OF
APPENDIX G
GUIDANCE FOR ACTIVITIES IN THE VICINITY OF OVERHESD LINES
This guidance addresses:

Passage underneath overhead power lines


Small residential work sites in the vicinity of live overhead power lines
Industrial and large scale commercial work sites in the vicinity of live overhead power
lines
Excavation and other low level activity directly underneath overhead power lines
Safety clearances
Clearance Certificates

General Requirements

1.1

Passage Underneath Overhead Power Lines crossing roads, tracks or right of way.

1.1.1 Clear sign-posting (including maximum allowable height indication signs) and a suitable
type of goal post arrangement on either side of the overhead line at the entrance of
roads, tracks or right of way, wherever the line crosses the roads, tracks or right of way
shall be provided. The safety clearances between the cross bars and the lowest
conductor shall be in accordance with Section 1.3. Due to changes in road conditions
MJEC shall frequently updates the sign posts to reflect the actual goal post height.
1.1.2

Wood poles shall be used in the construction of safety barriers and goal posts. On sign
posted roads, goal posts shall be erected with a minimum horizontal distance from the
overhead power line of 75 metres. This enables vehicles which are too high and hit the
goal post, to stop safely before reaching the overhead line crossing.

1.1.3 The responsible person for the vehicle or other plant moving or working underneath the
power lines shall submit the clearance certificate not less than 48 hrs to allow enough
time for the Area AUTHORIZED ELRCTRICAL PERSON to conduct site visit if required.
1.1.4 When high loads, travels long distance and crosses overhead lines through a number of
locations, the mobilisation team (and prior to mobilisation ) shall conduct crossing
points survey and submit to the issuer of clearance certificate with following details:

Line tag
Pole number a crossing location
Voltage type
Height if applicable

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 78

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Availability and integrity of goal posts

The Clarence certificate shall be issued at the location by an AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL


PERSON (AEP) who shall verify the survey with available records. For any mismatch a resurvey is a must on mismatching location(s).
1.2

Work Underneath or close to Overhead Power Lines.

1.2.1 If work is to take place underneath or within 5 meters of a live overhead line, then the
safety clearances given in Section 2.3 shall be applied. Suitable means should be put in
place, where necessary, to ensure that safety clearances are maintained. This is
particularly important if cranes and jibs, or similar equipment are to be used.
1.2.1 If verbal instructions are not considered sufficient by the AUTHORISED ELECTRICAL
PERSON, then he shall issue a LIMITATION OF ACCESS to COMPETENT ELECTRICAL
PERSON (CEP) who shall remain at the work location and oversee the work activities. If
the CEP is not in charge of the work, then it shall be made clear to the person in charge
that the CEP is on site to enforce the safety precautions and the safety clearances called
for on the LIMITATION OF ACCESS. The CEP shall be given full authority to stop the
work if it is considered unsafe.
1.2.2 If the work, or passage of vehicles, is such that the safety clearances cannot be
reasonably maintained in practice and there is a danger of personnel, materials, or
vehicles infringing the safety clearances, then the overhead line shall be made dead,
isolated and earthed. In this case an ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO WORK (EPTW) shall be
issued to a CEP, who will remain onsite to ensure safety of personnel involved. It shall
be stated in the 'Work Description Section of EPTW that the High Voltage overhead line
has been made safe so that passage / work can take place near / under the earthed
conductors, but no work shall be carried out on the conductors themselves.
1.2.3 At all other sites subjected to passage underneath overhead power lines (e.g., access
roads to construction sites), goal posts and safety barriers shall be erected at an
absolute minimum horizontal distance of 6 meters from the overhead line to ensure
that mobile plant crosses under the overhead line via the goal posts (ref Figure 2).

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Page 79

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

1.3

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

Safety Clearances

1.3.1 The minimum vertical safety clearance to the lowest conductor of the overhead line,
beyond which no person or object can approach shall be:
33kV
11kV

1.2 meters
0.9 meters

1.3.2 The following factors shall be taken into account when deciding the safety clearances.

1.4

Has the ground level been raised in any way which could reduce the design
clearances of overhead line?
Check the area under the line for humps or bumps which could reduce safety
clearances.

Major Work Sites in the Vicinity of Live Overhead Lines


If major construction activity involving cranes, high loads and other heavy plant, is to
take place within 15 metres of a live overhead line, safety barriers shall be erected. The
absolute minimum horizontal distance of the safety barriers from the line should be 6
metres (ref Figure 1).

1.5

Major activity Directly Underneath Overhead Power Lines

1.5.1 If major construction activity involving earth moving and other heavy plant, is to take
place below live overhead line, where possible overhead power lines should be made
dead. If this is not practicable, then strict precautions shall be enforced whilst work is in
progress.
1.5.2 The safety precautions for such work shall be closely supervised by the Area Distribution
representative who shall ensure that a minimum vertical safety clearance of 3.5 meters
is maintained at all times. Figures 2 and 3 illustrate methods that can be adopted, using
goal posts and safety barriers, to assist in promoting safe working practices.

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Figure 1 Example of Ground Level Barriers and High Level Bunting

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Figure 2 Examples of Rigid Goal Posts and Barriers

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ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

Figure

Example

VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

of

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

the

Use

of

Tensioned

ropes

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VERSION 3 BY MJEC,OMAN

No.
MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY
CLEARANCE CERTIFICATE FOR WORK IN THE VICINITY OR PASSAGE UNDER O/H LINES
1.

WORK/PASSAGE DETAILS
The following information shall be completed by the person applying for the clearance:

a)

Originating Party..................................................................................

b)

Person in Charge on Site.....................................................................

c)

Type of Work..........................................................................................................

d)

Type of vehicle *Crane/Side Boom/ .........../other...........................................

e)

Max. Height of load and vehicle.............................Width.........................................

f)

Details of work.........................................................................................................

g)

Exact location................................................................... (Attach a sketch or map)

h)

Date & time of work/passage


Start date....................time.......................Finish date........................time.................

i)

Name and Tel. No. of person to contact for discussions/meeting if required.


Name..................................................Tel.No.............................

Signature:

**Originator.

**Person in charge on Site

Date:

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2.

CLEARANCE

a)

We have no objections for the above work*/passage*.


Applicant must take the following precautions.........................................................
................................................................................................................................

b)

The above work/passage cannot be permitted due to.............................................


.................................................................................................................................
Date...................................
** Area Distribution engineer (AEP).

________________________________________________________________________
3.

WORK COMPLETION
I hereby declare that the work/passage as stated above is completed/cancelled and this
certificate may be cancelled.
Date...............................
**Person in charge on Site

4.

CANCELLATION
This certificate is cancelled. No further work/passage is allowed.
Date..............................
** State name and sign.

** Area Distribution engineer (AEP).

NOTE: USE ONLY ORIGINAL SHEETS OF THIS CERTIFICATE. FAXED COPIES NOT ALLOWED.
White - Originator ; Blue - Person in charge on site/ driver
Pink

- Area Distribution engineer

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APPENDIX H
Safe Steps to be observed while executing switching program and issuing E PTW
1. Switching Program must be prepared as specified in ESRs with all necessary info and to
be attached with updated single line diagram, then to be sent to DCC to get it checked
from RCP and then approved by LCP. AEP is to make sure that DCC has the final copy of
approved switching program
(After being reviewed by RCP, corrections made, signed by LCP)
2. AEP is required to keep the approved switching program document along with him on
site during work & inform RCP before starting the Switching program & during the
execution of the program and when restoring supply with all details.
3. As first step in executing the switching program, AEP is to Switch off and identify all
possible points of supply as per approved switching program.
4. Once above is done, AEP is to Isolate, establish physical gap between live and dead
points
5. After that, AEP is to TEST VOLTAGE to ensure the system (equipment) to be worked on is
dead & proved to be dead using proper voltage tester.
6. Then, AEP to APPLY Safety Padlock(Lock out all live systems and never assume)
7. Then, AEP to APPLY CN (Put caution notices at points of Isolation) lock & maintain key
safe.
8. Then, AEP to APPLY DN (put danger notices at nearby exposed live equipment), put
suitable barricade mean around nearby live equipment.
9. Then AEP to APPLY EARTH (Identify the points of Earthing and apply CMEs)
10. Then, AEP to APPLY EN (Put Earthing notices at points of earth )
11. AEP is to BREIF the CEP on the work to be done, make him aware of all isolation points,
earthling, etc., and inform him where he needs to apply AE if required.
12. Then AEP to ISSUE EPTW to CEP, & shall make sure that he has understood what has
been written in the permit. The permit needs to be written in clear writing with ink and
in capital letters.
13. The CEP shouldnt allow his crew enter/attended restricted work area until the area/site
is made to be safe and EPTW is issued by AEP.
14. CEP is to Receive EPTW and signs it after making sure that he understood its content
and conditions as specified.
15. CEP is to brief his crew on the work to be done and conduct tool box talk & must adhere
to EPTW and GPTW procedure.
For emergency cases and outages toll box talk should be sufficient.
16. CEP is to Apply Additional Earth at dead points of work.
17. CEP has to supervise his crew during execution of the work and must observe that all
safety precautions are in place all times.
18. Once work is done, CEP is to Remove additional earth
19. CEP is to Clear EPTW and GPTW.
20. AEP is Cancel EPTW and GPTW and should inform RCP accordingly.

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21. AEP is to Remove CME.


22. AEP is to De-isolate and remove CN & DN
23. AEP is to Switch on & confirm supply in three phases and secure the assets by checking
any relay indications and call RCP for any alarms pending for normal before leaving the
substation.
24. AEP is to inform RCP of system coming back.
25. AEP is to submit canceled EPTW & Switching program to RCP.
26. RCP is to archive EPTW, Switching Program, drawings for a year.
27. RCP is to review for any deviation done while executing the work and highlight any nonconformances to HSSE department.
Note: AEP, CEP (and his crew) must wear the necessary PPE during executing the work. In case
of Racking out a CB, AEP must wear ARC-FLASH suit.
APPENDIX I
Switching Program & E PTW Audit Checklist
sr
1

Item

Yes /No

Remarks

Has the Switching Program prepared as specified in ESRs with all


necessary info and attached with updated single line diagram?
(Being reviewed by RCP & being signed /approved by LCP)

Is the reviewed/approved final copy of switching program sent to RCP?

Has the AEP notified RCP before work gets started &
Is APPROVED switching program available at the site with AEP?

Has the AEP done the Switch off and identified all possible points of
supply as per approved switching program?

Has the AEP Isolated & established physical gap between live and dead
points?

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Has the AEP Tested the voltage, to ensure the system (equipment) to be
worked on was dead & proved to be dead, using proper voltage tester?

Has the AEP APPLIED Safety Padlock (Lock out all live systems and never
assumed)?

HAS the AEP APPLIED CN (Put caution notices at points of Isolation)?


Locked in and maintain key safe?

HAS the AEP APPLIED DN (put danger notices at nearby exposed live
equipment)? Has he barricaded the live area with suitable mean?

10

Has the AEP APPLIED EARTH (Identified the points of Earthing and
applied CMEs)?

11

Has the AEP APPLIED EN (Put Earthing notices at points


of earth )?

12

Has the AEP ISSUED E-PTW to CEP, & made sure that CEP understood
what was written in the permit?

13

Is E PTW clearly written with ink & in capital letters and filled with all
required info? Are all boxes filled?

14

Has the AEP BREIFED the CEP on the work to be done, made him aware
of isolation points, earthing , etc, & informed him where he needs to
apply AE as required?

15

Has the CEP Received EPTW and signed it after making sure that he
understood its content and conditions as specified?

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16

Has the CEP briefed his crew on the work to be done and conducted
tool box talk & did he adhere to E PTW requirement?

17

Has the CEP Applied Additional Earth at points of work as


required?

18

Has CEP and his crew executed the work and observed that all safety
precautions were in place all times?

19

Has the CEP Removed additional earth once work was done?

20

Has the CEP Cleared EPTW once confirmed the work is done?

21

Has the AEP Canceled the EPTW?

22

Has the AEP Removed CME?

23

Has the AEP De-isolated and removed CN & DN?

24

Has the AEP Switched on & secured the assets?

25

Has AEP informed RCP of system coming back?

26

Has the AEP submitted canceled EPTW & Switching program to DCC?

27

Has RCP archived EPTW, Switching Program, SLDs and other safety
documents?

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28

Has the RCP reviewed any deviation done while executing the work and
highlighted any HSSE non conformances?

29

Other concerns, Specify


APPENDIX N
Generic Permit to work (GPTW ) Procedures
In line with MJEC HSSE policies and OHSAS 18001 requirement the generic PTW system was
developed as part of a safe working system that will enhance the adherence to the company
HSSE procedures and will provide a better control of hazards at work site.
The GPTW in itself will not make the work safer but adherence to its requirements will. The
GPTW is an official document consists of an application form, and other associated permits e.g.
EPTW, LOA, SFT, certificates e.g. excavation certificate and Job safety plan.
Any work to be conducted in and within MJEC network/assets has to be covered with GPTW.
GPTW Process
Any MJEC department or contractor want to do a work within MJEC network, assets , facility
etc. has to apply for GPTW.
The GPTW should be raised by applicant who could be MJEC or contractor engineer. The
Applicant responsibility is to fill section A in GPTW, specifying the details of work location, dates
of execution, work description etc. Please refer to GPTW section A.
Most importantly he should prepare the JOB SAFETY PLAN; he should write all the hazards
associated with work along with HSSE controls. For details please refer to JOB SAFETY plan
form.
Once the above is done, then applicant should bring the GPTW in person to MJEC Responsible
Engineer who is referred to as GPTW issuer. The MJEC Responsible Engineer, refer to him, as
issuer should fill section B of the GPTW form. He should make sure that all information he
ticks/puts is correct according to the nature of work required to be done. He should make sure
that E-PTW is filled and approved, switching program and other forms and certificates are
attached, filled and approved accordingly, He should review with applicant the JOB SAFETY

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PLAN, discuss with him the hazards and HSSE controls, then he should endorse the JOB SAFETY
PLAN. He should retain the white copy of the GPTW form, while the blue color should be
handed over to the applicant and to be kept at the work site.
If the work is to be done in the MJEC network, assets and facilities, then normally the MJEC
Responsible Engineer, refer to him as issuer, is the area/zone distribution engineer.
In case if the applicant is not the one who will execute the work at site but his foreman , who is
called PTW holder, then it is the responsibility of the GPTW applicant to make sure that his
PTW holder understood the work hazards and HSSE controls. He should discuss these in person
with him.
The permit holder (who can be the applicant himself or his foremen) should fill section C in
GPTW form, please refer to GPTW form.
The PTW holder should only sign once he knows the work to be done, the hazards associated
with work activities and HSSE controls. Then before work starts he should discuss the hazards
and HSSE controls with his work party. He should make sure that his work party understood
these. Then he can proceed on the work execution.
Once the work is complete or in case it is incomplete due to certain circumstances he should fill
in section D of the GPTW accordingly.

Then PTW holder or the applicant must submit the GPTW to MJEC Responsible Engineer (the
issuer) to fill in section E and cancel the GPTW accordingly.

System Archiving:
Once the GPTW is canceled the Responsible Engineer (issuer) should retain the GPTW for a
period of six months then the canceled GPTW can be disposed off.

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GPTW Form

General Permit to Work

Section A: Permit Applicant


PTW
--------
Date:

no
---Regio
n:

-----------

Walay
at:

---------------

:
Applicant
------------------

:Contact
------

---------------

: Work
:location

-----------------------

:
Description of work to be carried out:
............

/
.

/
/

: Execution Period From


/

Work to be carried out by:


MJEC, Department.

No. of workers at site: .

to

:
Contractor Name: ...
:
Name of person in charge :....
:

I hereby confirm that I have understood the work to



be done with the hazards associated and safety
.
controls to be in place. I will ensure my work party is
aware of work hazards and the safety controls will be
monitored during the work execution. Tool box talk

will be conducted at site before work starts.

.

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Name of Applicant:
:

Signature:...
:

Section B: Permit Issuer MJEC


:
Related certificates:
:
EPTW LOA SFT
Excavation N/A

N/A : Switching Program required and attached :



: JOB SAFETY PLAN attached and approved:
.
I hereby confirm that all work hazards and safety controls discussed with the applicant and these
will be adhered to during the work execution.
-------------------------------Name:
: --------

---------------------------Department:
: ----

Section C: Permit Holder

---------------------Signature:
:

.
I acknowledge receive of permit and understood work hazards and associated safety controls
Name of Holder: : Signature:.
:

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Section D: Permit Holder

/ I confirm the above work is complete / incomplete



Name of Holder:
: Signature:.
:
Section E: Permit Issuer MJEC
:
I confirm the permit is cancelled.
.
Date:

-------------------------------Name:
: --------

/
--------------------Department:
: -

---------------------Signature:
:

CC copies: white copy Permit Issuer, yellow color Permit Holder


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Job Safety Plan


GPTW No. :
Work Activity:
To be filled by Permit applicant and to be reviewed and endorsed by MJEC Responsible
Engineer
(PTW holder to discuss the mentioned hazards and safety controls with his work crew)
A. Health HAZARDS

HAZARDS

CONTROLS

Tick if
provided

CONTROLS

Tick if done

CONTROLS

Tick if done

B. Safety HAZARDS
1. Electrical HAZARDS
HAZARDS

2. Construction HAZARDS
HAZARDS

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3. Road safety HAZARDS


HAZARDS

CONTROLS

Tick if done

C. Security and Public Safety HAZARDS


HAZARDS

CONTROLS

Tick if done

CONTROLS

Tick if done

D. Environmental Hazards
HAZARDS

In case of Emergency (accident at work site and a help is required), the following to be done:

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Give first Aid in case of injures if you are trained to do so


In case of fire, try to distinguish the fire if you are trained to do so and have the right fire
extinguisher.
Call 9999 for assistance
Call MJEC hot no. 80078000
Call your immediate supervisor/manager.
Call MJEC Responsible Engineer

I hereby confirm that above HAZARDS are being recognized for this work and all controls will be
in place during the work execution. In case of Emergency, the above Emergency steps will be
initiated accordingly.
The above will be discussed with the work party during tool box talk.
Name of Permit applicant:
Sign:

Date:

Name of site Foremen/Engineer:


Sign:

Date:

Endorsed by: Name of MJEC responsible engineer:


Position:
Sign:

MAJAN ELECTRICITY COMPANY

Date:

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APPENDIX K
User-Comment Form
User-Comment Form
If you find something that is incorrect, ambiguous or could be better in this
document, write your comments and suggestions on this form. Send the form to
the FUNCTION HEAD, who besides acknowledging will issue necessary revisions.
Page number:

Heading Number:

Figure Number:

Comments:

Suggestions:

Users personal details


Name:

Position:

Signature:

Date:
Phone:

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