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December 27, 2012 at 12:35pm

What is it all about?

The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is a poverty reduction strategy that provides
grants to extremely poor households to improve their health, nutrition and education particularly of
children aged 0-14 by providing incentives for poor families to invest in their future by ensuring that
mothers and children can avail the free healthcare as well as the free education for children. As
such, it is a human development program that invests in the health and education of children. It aims
to provide monetary aid to poor beneficiaries with the hope that these investments in human capital
would lessen the great financial divide among the haves and the have nots.

(1) Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
(2) Achieve Universal Primary Education
(3) Promote gender equality and empower women
(4) Reduce child mortality, and
(5) Improve maternal health and to promote Departments commitment to United Nations Convention
on the Rights of Children

#Social Assistance to provide cash assistance to the poor, to alleviate their needs (short term
poverty alleviation)
#Social Development to break the intergenerational cycle of poverty through investments in
human capital (nutrition, health and education


Health and Nutrition Grant

A household receives a total of P6,000 per year or P500 per month intended for health and nutrition
needs of the family such as food, medicine, and vitamins.

Every household receives a total of P3,000 per year or P300 per month per child for 10 months a
year, to a maximum of 3 children per household.
A household with three qualified children receives a subsidy of P1,400/month during the school
months or P15,000 for the whole year for as long as they comply with the conditions set by the
program. The amount of grants that they would be receiving depends upon their compliance to the
Beneficiaries receive their cash grants through different modes of payment such as Over-the-counter
(OTC), Offsite, Cash Card, and G-Cash Remit.


Department of Health (DOH), Municipal Health Office (MHO), the Department of Education (DepEd),
Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), Municipal Social Welfare Development Office
(MSWDO), Provincial Social Welfare Development Office (PSWDO), the Land Bank of the
Philippines (LBP) and LGU representatives at the national, regional and municipal levels will verify
compliance every month using monitoring tools developed for this purpose.


There are three steps in identifying the beneficiaries:
1.) Provinces were selected using the following criteria:
a) 20 poorest provinces based on the 2006 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES);
b) Poorest provinces in six regions without a province in the list of the 20 poorest provinces;
c) Five cities in the NCR, two in the Visayas, two in Mindanao and one in the Cordillera.
2.) The selection of the poorest municipalities from the above provinces based on the Small Area
Estimates (SAE) and FIES where saturation surveys of households are being conducted.
3.) Computerized selection of the poorest households based on a ranking system using
Proxy Means Test developed for the program.
The PMT Assesses socio-economic characteristics such as:

Ownership of assets

Type of housing unit

Level of educational attainment of

household heads

And access to water and sanitation facilities.

DSWD selects the beneficiaries based on:
--- targeting system developed for the program.
Do legislators, local chief executives or barangay officials participate in the selection of
NO. However, concerned LGUs assist DSWD staff in the conduct of community assemblies which
hare part of the program process and procedures.
To avail cash grants, beneficiaries should comply with the
following conditions:

Pregnant women must get pre and post natal care, and be attended by a skilled/ trained
professional during a child birth.

Parents or guardians must attend responsible family development sessions.

Children 0-5 years old must receive regular preventive health check ups and vaccines.

Children 3-5 years old must attend day care or preschool classes at least 85% of the time.

Children 6-14 years old must enroll in elementary or high school and attend at least 85% of
the time.
Children 6-14 years old must avail of deworming pills every five months.

The quarterly cash grants shall be received by the most
responsible person in the household through a Landbank cash card.
In cases where payment through cash card is not feasible,
the beneficiaries shall be provided their cash grants through an alternative
payment scheme such as over the counter transactions from the nearest Landbank
branch or offsite payments through an authorized rural banks.

Non-compliance to the conditions will result in the

suspension of cash grants or dropping from the program.

How long will the beneficiaries receive the cash grants?

Each household beneficiary will receive the cash grants for at most five years.



May 7, 2011, 7:32pm
SIQUIJOR, Siquijor, Philippines To ensure that the poorest of the poor will really be the
main recipients of the governments anti-poverty Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) which
began in the province in September, 2010, officials of the Department of Social Welfare and
Development (DSWD) in Region 7 have started to address lapses in program implementation so as
to effectively cover the over 20,000 beneficiaries of the program in the region.
To recall, DSWD-7 expanded the coverage of 4Ps implementation with beneficiaries identified based
on the agencys National Household Targeting System (NHTS) conducted last 2006, which has been
also the bases of governments other poverty alleviation projects.
In a recent forum here, DSWD-7 focal person for 4Ps Ailen Lariba admitted the agency has
encountered loopholes despite the overall success of the program in the region.
Among the problems which we are now strictly monitoring are those included in the
program but who are not really qualified or others who are over-qualified to join, she said.

Lariba encouraged beneficiaries to report to the agency in case they find irregularities with
regards other recipients, especially those who are over-qualified to join since the program is
designed only for the poorest of the poor.
We have limited personnel, and that is why were encouraging beneficiaries to immediately
report to us any problem as we continue to further polish implementation of the program, Lariba
She also called for more support from the community and local officials to ensure fair and
effective implementation and to create greater impact particularly on the real poor beneficiaries.
For his part, Municipal Health Officer Dr. Archibald Inso of Maria town, together with two
other action officers of 4Ps covered municipalities, raised issues on supposedly unqualified
beneficiaries being included in the list released by the NHTS.


March 22, 2011, 5:54pm
BAGUIO CITY, Philippines The Cordillera office of the Department of Social Welfare and
Development (DSWD) here recently clarified issues raised against the list of beneficiaries of the
governments Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) who were reported to be not actually poor,
saying that the determination of the deserving families passes through stringent screening processes
although admitting there are still loopholes in the process.
Based on the agencys report to Mayor Mauricio G. Domogan, only 28 out of the 80
reported rich beneficiaries were found to be financially capable while the rest were delisted due to
other reasons such as transferring outside the city, no dependents below 14 years old or have
already been a beneficiary of the program in the previous years. (Dexter A. See)



DOLE Money received from the state while unemployed. (Geddes & Grosset Websters
Dictionary and Thesaurus)
Considering that the money is directly given, issues have been raised upon this program.
According to some peoples point of views (POV), the government is only spoon feeding its people,
encouraging laziness and letting the poor rely on their monthly incentives. By carefully choosing the
poorest of the poor, beneficiaries can get their social/cash assistance by meeting the specific
conditions. Before 4Ps could have been implemented in our state, a Conditional Cash Transfer
(CCT) Program is already practiced in Latin America and Africa. As a matter of fact, 4Ps have been
patterned after the said program which was successful by prioritizing human dignity through
availability of equal opportunities.
Franklin Roosevelt once quoted: Nothing will change unless the Philippines gets a
government that acknowledge its existence to 60%-70% of the voters who are poor and near poor
and makes them its special and favored constituency. During 1930s, America have been under
Great Depression and it was him who saved the poor by implementing the New Deal Program.
Well, for my own POV, it might turn out that the state is encouraging laziness upon its
subjects, but on the brighter side, at least they have done something to alleviate poverty state rather
than doing nothing at all. Beneficiaries have been insured to an exact amount a month that could go
on for 5 years as long as they comply with the conditions. It is up to them to find jobs for themselves
and do something to counterpart the help coming from the government to end the inter-generational
poverty cycle that was handed down from one generation to another within their families.
Ang pag-aaral lamang ang maabot ng aking kakayanan na mapapamana ko sa inyo mga
anak na hindi maaring manakaw mula sa inyo. is the common passages we hear from our
parents. Proper nutrition and good health being insured along with education are the basic
necessities. Education cannot guarantee you will be rich but it gives you the chance to change your
life for the better. You cant get education with an empty stomach. That is why 4Ps is a jump-start
towards a better future.


4Ps yields positive results, preliminary impact studies say
Despite rapid economic growth in the past years, poverty still persists in the Philippines. Investing in development
programs such as the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is thus crucial to delivering better social outcomes.
As the flagship anti-poverty program of the country, the conditional cash transfer scheme has been met with some
criticisms. Some sectors see it as a dole-out that breeds mendicancy. Supporters, however, argue that the program
Results of recent evaluation studies on 4Ps reveal that it has no significant negative impact on work effort of
household heads, leads to increased school participation of children, and results in increased household consumption
These are the early indicators of success shared in the session on `Evaluating Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program
(4Ps)` of the international conference on `Making Impact Evaluation Matter: Better Evidence for Effective Policies and
Program` held at the Asian Development Bank (ADB) headquarters from September 1 to 5. The conference was the
first ever to tackle impact evaluation and systematic reviews in a large scale in Asia, and was organized by the
International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie), the ADB, and the Philippine Institute for Development Studies
(PIDS). It coincided with the observance of the 12th Development Policy Research Month spearheaded by PIDS.
One stumbling block is the failure of such programs to reach the poorest of the poor. Impact evaluations use rigorous
methodologies to ascertain program outcomes. Careful evaluations of social programs are necessary to gather
evidence that can guide policymakers in making decisions to expand or terminate programs particularly those with big
In a study titled `Does Pantawid Foster Dependence or Encourage Work? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment,`
Dr. Aniceto Orbeta, PIDS senior research fellow, said conditional cash transfers (CCT) increased the desire for work
of the household head and his female spouse, all adult members 18 years and above, and middle-aged workers 3554 years old. This was contrary to the claim of detractors that CCT breeds mendicancy. The study was conducted
among the first wave 4Ps beneficiaries from November to December 2011, or two and a half years after the program
`Parents work to compensate for loss of income from children who attend school. When people publicly recognize the
importance of education, families are convinced to keep their children in school. Households also respond by exerting
In terms of child labor, the program significantly reduces the number of hours of work for pay of elementary schoolaged children 6 to 11 years old, but did not significantly affect the incidence of child labor, he added.
Meanwhile, using the 2011 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey to assess the impact of the 4Ps on school participation
of Filipino children, the study titled `Estimating the impact of 4Ps on school participation of Filipino children using
propensity score matching,` by Dr. Celia Reyes and Christian Mina, PIDS senior research fellow and supervising
research specialist, respectively, found out that the program led to an increase of 3 to 4.6 percentage points in the
school participation rate of children aged 6-14. The results showed that around 96.3 percent of children of 4Ps
families attend school. For the matched non-4Ps families, the rate ranges from 91.7 to 93.3 percent.
Additional findings show that 4Ps does not influence school participation of children beyond the age coverage. The
difference between the school participation rate of 4Ps beneficiaries and matched non-4Ps age groups 15 to 18
turned out to be insignificant. This led to the proposal to extend support to existing 4Ps beneficiaries to allow students
According to Mina, 4Ps beneficiaries will have higher chances of securing better jobs and higher income if they
graduate from high school. There is a 45-percent average wage differential between a high school graduate and an

elementary undergraduate and a 32-percent average wage differential between high school and elementary
While 4Ps is primarily intended to provide cash benefits for education and health expenditures, the impact of the
program on household consumption has stirred interest and is now being examined given the persistent poverty of
The study titled `The impact of the Philippine conditional cash transfer program on consumption` by Melba Tutor,
research associate at the Social Weather Stations, found that households increased their consumption of educationrelated goods, which are goods required for continued program participation. `Households have reallocated
consumption to maintain their benefits, arguably because they understood the program logic and have positive
Moreover, Tutor found stronger impact in 4Ps households belonging to the poorest 20 percent of the population. Their
total consumption increased due to higher spending on food, education, and clothing. It validates the assumption that
the poorest of the poor, or those expected to gain the most from 4Ps, actually benefit. In addition, there is no
observed spending for alcohol and tobacco, debunking the claim of 4Ps critics that cash assistance is not being spent
Evidence from impact evaluation was crucial to the expansion of the 4Ps program, and has led to crucial changes in
program coverage--expansion of eligibility to poor students at the secondary level as well as those at the primary
level, and administrative changes. It is expected that evidence from further evaluation studies will shield programs
like 4Ps from party politics and presidential succession.


Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is a human development

measure of the national government that provides conditional cash grants to
the poorest of the poor, to improve the health, nutrition, and the education
of children aged 0-18. It is patterned after the conditional cash transfer (CCT)
schemes in Latin American and African countries, which have lifted millions
of people around the world from poverty.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is the lead
government agency of the 4Ps.

The 4Ps has dual objectives as the flagship poverty alleviation program of

the Aquino administration:

1. social assistance, giving monetary support to extremely poor families to
respond to their immediate needs; and
2. social development, breaking the intergenerational poverty cycle by investing
in the health and education of poor children through programs such as:
o health check-ups for pregnant women and children aged 0 to 5;
o deworming of schoolchildren aged 6 to 14;
o enrollment of children in daycare, elementary, and secondary schools;
o family development sessions.

The 4Ps also helps the Philippine government fulfill its commitment to the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)specifically in eradicating extreme
poverty and hunger, in achieving universal primary education, in promoting
gender equality, in reducing child mortality, and in improving maternal
health care.
The 4Ps operates in all the 17 regions in the Philippines, covering 79

provinces, 143 cities, and 1,484 municipalities. As of June 24, 2015, there are
4,436,732 registered household-beneficiaries, of which 555,861 are
indigenous households and 221,145 have at least one person with disability
(PWD). The program also covers 10,888,887 schoolchildren aged 0 to 18,
from the total registered with an average of two to three children per
household. They are selected through the National Household Targeting
System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR), which identifies who and where the
poor are in the country.
In general, the following criteria must be satisfied to become eligible for the

Residents of the poorest municipalities, based on 2003 Small Area Estimates

(SAE) of the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
Households whose economic condition is equal to or below the provincial
poverty threshold
Households that have children 0-18 years old and/or have a pregnant woman
at the time of assessment
Households that agree to meet conditions specified in the program

The 4Ps
has two types of cash grants that are given out to householdbeneficiaries:

health grant: P500 per household every month, or a total of P6,000 every

education grant: P300 per child every month for ten months, or a total of
P3,000 every year (a household may register a maximum of three children for
the program)

For a household with three children, a household may receive P1,400 every
month, or a total of P15,000 every year for five years, from the two types of
cash grants given to them.
These cash grants are distributed to the household-beneficiaries through the
Land Bank of the Philippines or, if not feasible, through alternate payment
schemes such as Globe G-Cash remittance and rural bank transactions.
As of June 2015, a total of P17.75 billion cash grants were paid to eligible and
compliant beneficiaries for the first to third period of 2015 covering January
to June disbursements. From this amount, P7.95 billion was paid for
education, and the remaining P9.8 billion was disbursed for health.
In order toAND
the abovementioned subsidies, all the succeeding
conditions must be met by the household-beneficiaries:
1. Pregnant women must avail pre- and post-natal care, and be attended during
childbirth by a trained professional;
2. Parents or guardians must attend the family development sessions, which
include topics on responsible parenting, health, and nutrition;
3. Children aged 0-5 must receive regular preventive health check-ups and
4. Children aged 6-14 must receive deworming pills twice a year; and
5. Children-beneficiaries aged 3-18 must enroll in school, and maintain an
attendance of at least 85% of class days every month.

High compliance rates were recorded for the months of March and April
2015: 99.91% for the deworming of children aged 6-14; 98.99% for school
attendance of children aged 6-14; 98.33% for school attendance of children
in daycare aged 3-5; 97.05% for school attendance of children aged 15-18;
95.95% for health visits of pregnant women and children aged 0-5; and
94.84% for attendance in family development sessions.
In partnership WITH
the Commission
on Higher Education, the Department of
Labor and Employment, and the Philippine Association of State Universities
and Colleges, 4Ps has enrolled 36,003 beneficiaries in state universities and
colleges as of June 2015.

Additionally, in partnership with PhilHealth, 4Ps has covered 4.4 million

beneficiaries under the National Health Insurance Program.

FAQs on the Conditional Cash Transfer program

Visit the DSWD website on the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program to learn