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Materials Engineer Test Reviewer

and the water and cement ratio is not exceeded.

a) 30 minutes
c) 45 minutes
d) 60 minutes
1. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate withinb) 15 minutes
% throughout the range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed as
often as the Engineer may deem necessary to assure their continued 7. A sample from a bituminous mix weighs 1000 grams. At
extraction, it was found out that the dry aggregate weighed 950
grams. What is the % of asphalt by weight of mix?
a) 1.0 %
c) 0.5 %
a) 5.2 %
c) 5.4 %
b) 1.5 %
d) 2.0 %
b) 5.0 %
d) 4.8%
2. When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate, batches may be
8. The minimum penetration of the preservative with the surface of
rejected unless mixed within
hours of such contact.
the timber piles shall be
a) 1.5 hours
c) 0.5 hours
a) 150 mm
c) 250 mm
b) 2.0 hours
d) 2.5 hours
b) 200 mm
d) 100 mm
3. When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing time shall
not be less than
nor more than
unless mixer performance tes9t. The contractor shall submit in writing a job-mix formula for the
prove adequate mixing of concrete in a shorter time period.
mixture supported by laboratory test data along with samples of
a) 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
resources of components and viscosity temperature relationships to
b) 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
the Engineer for testing and approval at least
c) 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
a) two weeks
c) one week
b) three weeks
d) four weeks
d) 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds

4. The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the dru1m0.bTyhe concrete samples should be stored in a moist conditioned
the end of the first
a) 45 seconds
b) 30 seconds

seconds of the mixing period.

c) 15 seconds
d) 20 seconds

temperature within the range of

until the time of test.
a) 18* C to 24* C
c) 14* C to 24* C
b) 15* C to 18* C
d) 18* C to 28* C

5. Concrete not place within

minutes from the time the ingredients11. This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to its high
were charged into the mixing drum shall be used.
property, that is, it absorb and retain water.
a) 120 minutes
c) 60 minutes
a) Potassium Chloride
c) Magnesium Chloride
b) 150 minutes
d) 90 minutes
b) Calcium Chloride
d) Sodium Chloride

6. When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may be12. The mass % wear of soil aggregate used in

cement/lime added to the batch and additional mixing performed to increase the slumprpoportions should not be more than
to meet the specified requirement if permitted by the Engineer, provided all
these operation are performed within
after the initial mixing operation

a) 40 %
b) 50 %

c) 45 %
d) 55 %

a) 1.151 to 1.174
b) 1.250 to 1.178

c) 1.051 to 1.154
d) 1.058 to 1.184

13. The uniform rate at which the movable head of the CBR machine tra2v0e.l The specific gravity magnesium sulfate solution used in
/ min
b) 0.10 in /min

c) 0.08 in /min
d) 0.09 in /min

a) 0.s0o5uindness test for aggregate should be within the range of

a) 1.280 to 1.408
c) 1.295 to 1.308
b) 1.180 to 1.308
d) 1.195 to 1.318

14. Cast in place concrete shall not be post tensioned until at least

21. Aggregate accounts for 92 95 % of the weight of the

bituminous and until the compressive strength has reached the strength specified. mixture asphalt accounts for 5 8 % of the weight of the
mix. The
a) 7 days
c) 14 days
exact percentage to be used is determined by the
b) 10 days
d) 20 days
a) Trial mix
c) Job mix
b) Design mix
d) Job order
15. The penetration test is an indication of the
of asphalt.
a) Consistency
c) Hardness
is an indication that the asphalt mix is overheated.
b) Softness
d) Flash Point
a) Blue smoke
c) Rising steam
b) Stiff appearance
d) Mix slumps in truck
16.Specification requires one (1) Quality test for every
of asphalt
a) 20 tons
23.In checking the temperature of the mix, the thermometer
c) 50 tons
should be inserted into the mix at least
b) 200 tons
d) 40 tons
a) 2 inches
c) 4 inches
b) 6 inches
d) 6.0 mm
17. The
is the most commonly used method in the design and
evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes.
is applied on existing bit, or cement concrete surface with
a) Job mix formula
c) Marshall Stability
bituminous materials.
b) Design mix
d) Extraction
a) Bituminous Prime Coat
c) Bituminous Seal Coat
b) Bituminous Tack Coat
d) Bituminous Surface Treatment
18. Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 9,600 impulses per
minute under load at a maximum spacing of
25. The solution used in the soundness test of aggregate shall be
a) 30 cm
c) 60 cm
cooled to a temperature of 21 +or 1* C and maintain at that
b) 50 cm
d) 40 cm
temperature for at least
a) 24 hours
c) 48 hours
19. The specific gravity of Sodium Sulfate used in soundness test for b) 36 hours
d) 18 hours
aggregate should be with in the range of

26. Proper compaction of the fill materials is very important, as it will

33. B. efore the cement is to be used, sampling must be done at

a) Increase the shear strength
b) Decrease permeability
c) Minimize compressibility
d) All of the above

before use.
a) one week
b) 14 days

27. In which DPWH item is emulsified asphalt not suitable?

a) Item 301
b) Item302

c) Item 304
d) Item 308

c) two weeks
d) 12 days

34. Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is foaming nor shall be
heated at
a) 107*
b) 159*

at anytime after delivery.

c) 120*

28.Unconfined compressive strength test is usually performed o3n5. Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not exceed
a) Sandy soils
cth)e time it is introduce into the mixing unit.
Organic soils
a) 1.5 mass %
c) 1 mass %
b) Silty soils
d) Clayey soils
b) 2.0 mass %
29.Consolidation test is usually performed on
samples a) Disturbed
c) Consolidated
b) Undisturbed
d) both a & b

36. Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is

a) 1 %
b) 2 %

c) 3 %


30.A concrete core sample having a maximum height of less tha n

3 7. Between stage of curing, concrete shall not be exposed for

more of its diameter before capping or height less than its diameter
than how many hours?
after capping shall not be tested.
a) 93 %
c) 95 %
3 hours
b) 94 %
d) 96 %

31. The cohesion and internal friction of soil is tested by

a) Tri axial shear test
b) Direct shear test

c) Bearing test
d) All of the above

a) 24 hours


d) 72 hours

38. As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with major

honeycombed area that is considered as defective work?

a) Plaster
b) Payment of the concrete will be made an adjustment
c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the contractor
32. In concrete acceptance, core will be considered adequate if the average
strength of the cores is equal to what?
39. If the strength of control specimen does not meet the
a) 80% of specified strength & if no single core is less than 75% of specified
requirement and not feasible to obtain cores due to structural
b) 90% of specified strength & if no single core is less
consideration, as a Materials Engineer what will be your decision?
than 80% of specified strength
c) 85% of specified strength
a) Removed and replaced
& if no single core is less than 75% of specified strength

b) Area will not be paid

c) Payment will be made at an adjusted price

47. Minimum size of galvanized wire mesh is

a) 2.0 mm
c) 2.7 mm
b) 2.2 mm
d) 3.4 mm
40. After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to maintain fully welted
and in position for how many hours?
48. Minimum density of gabions is
a) 14 hours
c) 72 hours
a) 1,000 kg/cu. m
c) 1,400 kg/cu. m
b) 24 hours
d) 15 18 hours
b) 1,200 kg/cu. m
d) 1,500 kg/cu. m

41. Rock shall be excavated to a depth

. of the roadbed
b) 150 mm

below sub grade within the

42. Minimum penetration of all piles shall be

a) 3 meter
b) 6 meter

b) 10 % after 5 cycles

44. Paint contains

20 % & 80 %
b) 21 % & 79 %

c) 7 meter
d) 4.5 meter

cement is -------.
a) 5 kg
b) 10 kg

of pigment and
vehicle. a)
c) 79 % & 21 %
d) 80 % & 20 %

c) 200 mm

46. Tolerance of gabion dimension is

a) +/- 1%
b) +/- 2 %

c) +/- 3 %
d) +/- 4 %

d) 12 % after 5 cycles

5o1ld. .Submission of sample minimum quantity of material for

c) 28 days

45. Minimum thickness of bedding materials beneath the pipe is

a) 100 mm
b) 150 mm

c) 11 % after 5

50. The heating temperature of reflector zed thermoplastic material

during application is
a) 130 +/- 7* C
c) 200 +/- 7* C
b) 150 +/- 7* C
d) 211 +/- 7* C

43. Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less than
a) 7 days
b) 14 day

4lim9. iSt oundness loss of field gabions is

a)a)1090% after 5 cycles

c) 200 mm

c) 20 kg
d) 100 kg

52. For how many years does the small Contractor given to
procure necessary testing equipment?
a) 2 years
c) 5 years
b) 4 years
d) 6 years

53. The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than

a width of .
a) 40 mm & 6 mm
b) 50 mm & 5 mm


c) 40 mm & 5 mm
d) 50 mm & 6

54. Used of bituminous cold mix for potholes patching during rainy/
wet period is acceptable
a) false
b) true

55. In soil, all boring shall be carried to a depth of at least

proposed grade line.
psi/sec m
c) 1.5 m
b) 1.0 m
d) 1.8 m

below thepsi/sec

b) 20 - 50
d) 15 40

56. The test that determine pile bearing capacity by loading one or mor6e3. I n a soil exploration, if the characteristic of rock is
pile and measuring settlement under load is
the minimum depth of boring into the bedrock should be
a) Vane shear test
c) Pile load test
a) 1.5 m
c) 2.5 m
b) Plate bearing test
b) 2.0 m
d) 3.0 m

57. The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shal6l 4b.eDetermine soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate
at least
a) 1 kg
30 diameter.
c) 10 kg
ab) )Vane shear test
c) Pile load test
20 kg
d) 100 kg
b) Plate bearing test
d) None of the above
58. Submission of sample for testing for cement is
a) 10 kg
c) 15 kg
b) 20 kg
d) 40 kg

59. The length of Shelby Tube of an undisturbed sample is

a) 10 long
b) 18 long

c) 20 long

65. How many hours do aggregate stockpile or binned for draining

before being batch?
a) 1 hour
b) 6 hours

c) 12 hours
d) 24 hours

66. What is the relative strength of mortar at 7 & 28 days of fine

aggregates, when tested for the effect of organic impurities, which is
higher than the standard?
60. For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or less, wah)ant ot less than 90 %
c) not less than 95 %
is the basis for acceptance of material?
b) not less than 80 %
d) not less than 98 %
a) No testing
c) Mill certificate
b) P.E, certificate
67. What is the rate of loading for concrete beam tested for flexural
a) 110 150 psi/sec
determine the best combination of the material that will produ1c2e5 a 175 psi/sec
potentially stable & durable mixture.
b) 115 150 psi/sec
d) 130 - 175 psi/sec
a) Job mix formula
c) Design of bituminous mix
b) Marshall formula
68. In concrete sampling paste shall be of normal consistency of
when the rod settles to a point below the original surface in 30 secs.
is the rate of loading for concrete cylinder sample subject to a) 10 +/- 1 mm
c) 15 +/- 1mm
compression test
a) 20 - 40 psi/sec
c) 15 b4)011 +/- 1 mm
d) 20 +/- 1

69. What the temperature of a concrete sample?

a) 10 15 * C
b) 18 24 * C

c) 15 18* C

77. Prime coat shall be left undisturbed for at least

a) 6 hours
c) 24 hours
b) 12 hours

78. The first phase of rolling the spread bituminous mix is

called breakdown rolling which is carried out by pneumatic
a) 1 %
c) 3 %
roller, temperature requirement must be
b) 2 %
d) 4 %
a) 200 225* F
c) 160 180* F
b ) 190 199* F
d)150 185* F
71. Retarder can delay the setting time of concrete up to how many hou r s?
a) 1 hour
c) 4 hours
79. How many gradation ranges for hot plant mix bituminous
b) 2 hours
d) 8 hours
pavement are there in the blue book?

70. What is the wash loss of fine aggregates in the no. 200 sieve?

a ) 5
c) 7Super plasticizer can increase the strength of concrete up to how m n yb ) 6
a) 4 0
d) 8
60 %
c) 50 70 %
b) 50 60 %
d) 60 70 %
80. What is the plasticity index of mineral filler?
a) not greater than 4
c) not greater than 8
b) not greater than 6
d) zero
is the moisture in an air dried soil
a) Moisture Content
b) Natural Moisture Content
81. If no core had been taken at the end of each day of operation and
the project has already been completed, a core shall be taken
c) Hygroscopic Moisture Content
d) Hydrometer Moisture Content
for every 75 l.m,/lane c) for every 100 l.m/lane
b) for every 150 l.m/lane d) for every 1,000 l.m/lane
is the tolerance of mix in bituminous.
a) 10* C
c) 15* C
b) 12* C
d) 18* C
is the slump of workable concrete if vibrated.
a) 10 20 mm
c) 40 50 mm
Number of measurement taken in a core sample for thicknbe)ss10 40 mm
d) 40 75 mm
determination of the finish asphalt pavement
a) 3
c) 5
Burnt product which is used by Gypsum and pulverized
b) 4
d) 8
to form Portland Cement.
a) Hydraulic cement
c) Fly Ash
76. In the absence of beam mold in site, cylinder mold is allowed by
b) Clinker
d) Volcanic Ash
specification. What is the required strength?
a) 2,500 psi
c) b) 3,000 psi
d) 4,000 psi

84. When group index = 0, what is the grade of soil?

a) weak soil
c) good soil
b) poor soil


a) 0 15
b) 5 20

is an empirical number used in evaluation for G.I.

c) 0 20
d) 0 25

is a process of breaking down of rocks into small pieces of var9io3u. sIt indicates good subbase materials when G.I. is equal to
size that can range from large boulders to very small clay particles.
a) 0
c) 10
a) Consolidation
c) Weathering
b) 5
d) 20
b) Unconsolidation

94. It indicates very poor subbase materials when G.I. is equal to

is the limit were further loss of water due to evaporation which
a) 0
will not result in reduction of volume.
c) 10
a) Plastic limit
c) Shrinkage limit
b) 5
d) 20
b) Liquid limit
a classification of soil which 35% or less the particles pass 95.
indicates the composition of soil.
through no. 200 sieve.
a) Grain size soil
c) Silty clay
a) Atterberg Limit
b) Plasticity Index
b) Granular
d) Clayey materials
96. The higher the value of PI of the soil, the weaker will be the soil
performance as a
c) Depend
a classification of soil which 35% or more of the particles p s s
d) None of the
through no. 200 sieve
a) Course Sand Soil
c) Silty-Clay Materiba)lsFalse
above b) Granular Materials
d) Clayey Materials
the Plasticity Index of group of soil
a) 0
c) 10
89. It evaluate the quality of soil as highway subgrade material.
b) 6
d) 11
a) Atterberg Limit
c) Group Index
b) Plasticity Index
d) Liquid Limit
is the minimum percent of A-6 group classification of soil.
90. When soil has plasticity index value of 10, what is the criteria of the a) 0 %
c) 35 %
a) b) 25 %
d) 36 %
Coarse grain
c) Clayey
b) Sandy
d) Silty
is the maximum of G.I. of Silty Clay Materials
a) 0
c) 20
91. When plasticity index is equal
b) 25
d) 35
a) Coarse grain
c) Clayey
b) Sandy
d) Silty
When the value of G.I. is negative, what will be the soil

a) Poor Subgrade

c) Good subgrade
good subgrade

d) None of the above

The weight of Sandy soil for Hydrometer Analysis is

a) 10 grams
c) 50 grams
b) 25 grams
d) 100 grams



The weight of Clayey or Silty soil for Hydrometer Analysis is

a) 10 grams
c) 50 grams
b) 25 grams
d) 100 grams


A 25 grams fine grained soil can be dried in about

a) 1 hour
c) 3 hours
b) 2 hours
d) 4 hours


A 25 grams sandy soil can be dried in about

a) 1 hour
c) 3 hours
b) 2 hours
d) 4 hours





b) Very
If slag is used, the density of coarse aggregate is
a) 30 100 kg/cu. m
c) 1,120 kg/cu. m
b) 150 kg /cu. m
d) 1,400 kg/cu. m



Mass percent loose for fine aggregates when tested in Clay

lumps is
a) 0.10
c) 0.80
b) 0.25
d) 1.0
is a type of cement which shall be transferred to an
elevated, air tight and weather proof bins storage.
a) Portland Cement
c) Bulk Cement
b) Pozzolan Cemenr
d) None of the above

Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate

a) 0.1%
c) 0.5%
b) 0.25%
d) 1.9%
is a type of soil in which most of the soil grains are of the same
1a1) 3P.oorlyThe minimum thickness of conventional concrete as the
c) Gap graded
surface course in monolithic pavement is
b) Well graded
d) Non of the above
a) 50 mm
c) 100 mm
b) 75 mm
d) 150 mm
The soil grained are force apart by the water added, thus the grain is
reduced, what is the method used?
determines the resistance of the emulsion to break
a) Lubrication
c) Swelling
when mixed with mineral aggregate.
b) Welting
d) Saturation
a) Viscosity Test
c) Spot test
b) Distillation Test
d) Cement Mixing
Percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested for clay lump is
a)1105.1. mass
is an instrument used for rapid in site
c) 0.8 mass percent
measurement of the structural properties of existing road pavement.
b) 0.25 mass percent
d) 1.0 mass percent
a) Pundit Ultra Sonic Concrete Tester
b) Dynamic Core Penetrometer
The mass percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested cin) Falling Weight Deflectometer
soft fragment is
a) 0.10
c) 3.5
d) Core Test
b) 0.25
d) 1.00

of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum by the
How many days does the emulsified asphalt must be tested after end of the _15_ seconds of the mixing period
delivery at temperature 40*F(4.5*C).
a) 10 days
c) 14 days
The time elapsed from the time water is added to the mix until
b) 12 days
d) 16 days
the concrete is deposited at the site shall not exceed _90_
minutes when concrete is hauled in the truck.
In bituminous mixture asphalt content is 5 8% and 92 - 95%
aggregates, what will be the amount of additives?
When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may
a) not more than 2%
c) more than 2%
be added to the batch and additional mixing performed to increase
the slump to meet the specified requirement if permitted by the
b) not more than 3%
d) more than 4%
Engineer, provided all these operation are performed within _45_
determines the effect of water on the cohesion of the mimxtiunruetes after the initial mixing operation and the water and
a) Stability Test
c) Distillation
ratio is not exceeded
b) Solubility
d) Immersion-Comprssion Test
Concrete not placed within _90_ minutes from the time the
The distance of the sample by grooving before rotating the brass cupingisredients were charge into the mixing drum should not be use.
bT) he completed pavement shall be accepted on a lot basis. A

d) 1
lot shall be considered as _500_ linear meter double lane

The most common method of assessing strength and stiffness 1o2f
Each lot shall be divided into _5_ equal segment and one core
8 .
subgrade and pavement is
will be obtained from each segment in accordance with AASHTO T24.
a) FDT
c) SPT
b) CBR
d)Non of the above
Aggregate account for 92 95% of the weight of the bituminous
mix while asphalts for 5 8% of the weight of the mix. The exact
How many days do the specimen for CBR soaked?
percentage to be used is determine by the _Trial Mix_.
a) 1 day
c) 3 days
b) 2 days
d) 4 days
_Blue smoke_ is an indication that the asphalt is over heated

When mixed at the site or a in central mixing plant, the mixing1t3im1.e shaTllhe penetrator test is an indication of the _Consistancy_
of the not be less than _50 seconds nor more than _90_ seconds unless mixearsphalt
performance test prove adequate mixing of the concrete in a shorter time
_Marshall Stability Test_is the most common used method in the
design and evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes
The batches shall be so charged into the drum that a portion of the
mixing water shall enter in advance of the cement and aggregate. The flow


_Extraction Test_ determines the asphalt content in the bitumin1o4u4s.


_Cement Mixing Test of Asphalt_ indicate the rate at which

asphalt emulsion will break when mix with aggregate .

Cast in place concrete shall not be post-tensioned until at
The lost in weight of rock used in gabions when tested to sodium
days and until the compressive strength has reached the strength specisfiueldfate, soundness loss shall not exceeds 9%
This is the characteristic generally used for calculation of the
Gabions dimentions are subject to a tolerance limit of _+/- 3%_
v1o4lu6m. e occupied by the aggregate in various mixture containing
including Portland Cement concrete, bituminous concrete, and oth1e4r 7.
The pour point of concrete joint sealer shall be at least 11*C
mixtures that are proportioned or analyzed on an absolute volume basis(.20*F) lower than the safe heating temperature, which is the
Answere: Bulk Specific Gravity
maximum temperature to which the material may be heated without
exceeding the permitted flow.
_Apparent Specific Gravity_ pertains to the relative density of the soil The penetration of concrete joint sealer, Hot Poured Elastic Type
material making up the constituents particle not including the
pore14sp8a. ce
within the particles that is accessible to water.

shall not exceed_90_

Weight of sandy soil needed for Hydrometer test is _100 grams1_49.

The CBR is generally selected at _2.54 mm (0.10 in)_


Weight of silty or clayey soil needed for Hydrometer test is _501g5r0a.ms_ If the ratio at 5.08 mm (0.21 in ) penetration is
greater, the should be _Rerun_
These are widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are to
be incorporated in roadway. Ans. Liquid and Plastic Limits
If the check test gives a similar result, the ratio at 5.08
mm penetration shall be adopted or used
This is defined as the highest moisture content of which the mass attains
its minimum volume but continues to lose weight /mass. Ans.
The penetration piston of CBR machine should have a uniform
Shrin1k5a2g. e
penetration at a rate of 1.30 mm/min

_Le Chattelier Flask is an apparatus used in determination o1f 5s3p.ecificDuring soaking maintain the water level in the mold and the
gravity of Hydraulic Cement.
soaking tank is approximately 25.40 mm ( 1.0 in ) above the top of
the specimen
_Autoclave Machine_ is an equipment used in determination of
soundness of Portland Cement
Soak the specimen for _96 hours ( 4days )

Asphalt shall be homogeneous, free from water, and shall not f1o5a5m. wheTnhe diameter of penetration piston is
heated to _175* C(347* F)_

mm ( 1935 cu m )

. Ans. 49.63 +/-




The temperature of the asphalt cement delivered to the mixer shall be

as required to achieve a kinetic viscosity in the range of
Laboratory which measures, examines, calibrate or otherwise
Ans. 150 to 300 cu m/s or 150 to 300 centistokes
determine the characteristic or performance materials or products.
Ans.. Testing Laboratory
is the viscosity used to grade asphalt cement .
Standard technical procedure to determine one or more specified
149 F ( 60*C )
characteristic of material product is called . Ans. Test Method
The coarse aggregate used in asphalt mix is
. Ans. Retained by
A document which prevents the test results and other information
2.36mm (no 8 sieve)
relevant to test is called
Ans.. Test Report
The application temperature of emulsified asphalt range from
. Ans.
is a document signed by the Director of BRS issued to
Testing laboratory authorizing them to perform the required test in
When the tar is used for seal coats, it shall be heated to free flowingbbeuhtalf of DPWH. Ans. Certificate of
Accreditation not to exceed
. Ans. 149*C
This test have been developed to measure the loss of cohesion as
a result of water action on the compacted bituminous mixture.
is used to determine the soil strength parameter. Ans.
Ans. Film Stripping & Immersion Compression Test
Unconfined and Tri-Axial Compression Test

is used to determine the settlement characteristic of
s o i l.

AnsT.his mean porosity or perviousness of the mixture, a dense

grade mix prevent water from entering the base through the
Ans.. Permeability
The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shall be
This is used in classifying liquid asphalt into grades. It is useful as
at least
Ans. 1.0 kg
a measure to control of consistency, particularly when run at the
The undisturbed samples from Shellby Tube shall be at
temperature of intended application
. Ans.. 18 long
Viscosity Test
determines the pile bearing capacity by loading one or
piles and measuring settlement under load. Ans. Pile Load Test

This test determines the total bitumen content of a asphaltic

materials, which is the actual cementing constituent of the asphalt.

Ans.. Solubility Test
determines the in-site shear strength of soft to medium clay.
This is an accelerated test to show the loss of volatiles when the
Ans. Vane Shear Test
sample is heated at 163*C for five hours and the loss due to
determine the soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate volatilization is determined.
usually 30 inches in diameter. Ans. Plate Bearing Test
Ans Loss on Heating


This test classifies the different asphalt into types and the diffe1re8n6t. typeTshe bottom bearing block shall be at least
into grade.


Consistency Test

resurfacing operations..

thick after

Ans. 0.9 ( 22.50 mm )


For liquid asphaltic materials, this test is run on the residue aft1er87.
The curing temperature of a specimen before testing is
Ans.. Quality Test
Ans. 18*C to 24*C


This is one of the most important engineering propertie1s8o8f. soil.The apparatus used to determine the flash point of asphaltic
It is defined as its ability to resist sliding along internal surfacematerial is called
Ans. Cleveland Open Cup
within the mass..
Ans.. Shearing Strength of Soil
The asphalt samples for ductility and penetration test should be
subjected to water bath at a temperature of 25*C for
This is an arbitrary measurement of consistency and is the basis of Ans.. 11/2 hours
classification of all solid and semi-solid asphalt.
Ans.. Penetration Test of Asphalt
The concrete shall not be left exposed for more than
between stages of curing or during the curing period.
This is a process tomeasure the consistency of liquid asphaltic mateArinasls..
hour to determine their fluidity or resistance to flow.
Ans.. Viscosity Test
The rate of application of bituminous prime coat is
a) 1-2L/sq. m.
c) 0.2-1.5L/sq. m.
was developed in order to differentiate bituminous materiabls) 0.2-0.7L/sq. m.
d) 0.5-2L/sq.
m. with respect to hardening characteristic.
Ans.. Thin Film Oven Test
Another name for asphalt joint filler is
a) asphalt cement
c) blown asphalt
Plant-mixed bituminous mixtures should be sampled in accordance wb)ithrock asphalt
d) cutback
asphalt the Standard Method of Sampling Bituminous Mixture. A sample not less
kg is taken and place in sample bag that would insure
In asphalting work, there are
phase of rolling
contamination. This is taken every 75 cu m or 130 tons of mix.
a) 2
Ans.. 10 kgs
b) 3
d) 4





The bearing blocks of the compression machine should
b19e4a. t
greater than the diameter of the specimen.
Ans.. 3.0 %

The bottom bearing block shall be at least

Ans. 1.0 ( 22.50 mm )

thick when new



test determines the asphalt content in the bituminous

b)Bulk Specific Gravity

a) Grading
d) Absorption

In a bituminous mix, there are 3 kinds of aggregate. What kind of

passes the no. 200 sieve?

a) Coarse
b) Fine






c) Mineral Filler
d) Admixture

Liquid asphalt is also called

a) Cutback asphalt
c) Blown asphalt
b) Emulsion
d) Asphalt cement
The different test for soil classification are:
a) compaction and FDT
b) Hydrometer test and moisture content
c) Grading, LL and PL test


Is it really necessary to cure concrete specimen?

a) Yes
c) No
b) None of the two


The kind of test that determines the consistency of concrete is

a) Slump test
Abrasion test
b) Specific Gravity


What is the dimension of concrete cylindrical sample?

a) 6 dia. And 12 high
c) 8 dia. And 14 high
b) 4 dia and 8 high
The apparatus/equipment used in the liquid limit and plastic limit test is
called .
a) sieves and chisel
In the absence of concrete beam mold at the project site, are
b) Atterberg Devi ceoncrete cylindrical molds allowed by the specification to be used
and glass plate
sampler for item 311 PCCP?
a) Yes
b) may be
is a method of laboratory sampling.
c) No
a) Mixing
c) Proportioning
b) Using mechanical splitter/quartering
The minimum percent compaction for embankment is
a) 92%
c) 95%
In laboratory compaction test/moisture density relation test, what isct)h9e7%
specification of rammer?
a) 5.5 lb. (2.5 kg) with 12 in drop c) 10 lb. (4.5 kg) in weight
The minimum percent compaction for base of the road is
b) 8 lb. (3.6 kg) in weight with 16 in drop
a) 100%
c) 105%
What is the specification of mass present passing in sieve 0.075 mm (No.
200 ) grading A for aggregate base course.
The CBR value of aggregate base course is not less than
a) 20-14
c) 0 6
a) 80%
b) 90%
b) 0 12
c) 85%

The number of specimen samples in testing concrete hollow
The CBR value of aggregate subbase course is not less than
a) 6
a) 25%
pcs./20,000 units (3 for absorption test and 3 for strength test )
c) 30%
b) 4 pcs./20,000 units
c) 8 pcs./20,000 units
The minimum compressive strength for class A concrete is
a) 3,000 psi. ( 20.7 MN/sq.

m )
2,400 psi. ( 16.7 MN/sq. m. )
c) 5,000 psi. ( 37.7 MN/sq. m. )


The solvent used in extraction of bitumen is
a) Diesel oil
b) Gasoline

c) Water

What is the significance of determination of the tensile
The percent of bitumen content is computed based on
propert2ie2s0o. f
reinforcing steel bars?
a) This method is intended to determine thae) mass of raw sample
b) mass of dry
aggregate yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its elongation, and is usecd)mtoass of asphalt
classify the bars into grade
This method is intended to evaluate the ductile properties of the re2i2n1fo. rcingThe method used to determine the grading of aggregate
c) None of the above
extracted from bituminous mixture is
a) Mechanical analysis of extracted aggregate
A tie bar should be
b) Stability Test
c) Viscosity
a) deformed bar
b) round bar
c) flat bar

A dowel bar should be

a) deformed bar
b) round bar
The mortar for masonry shall consist of
a) one part Portland Cement and 2 parts of sand
b) one part Portland Cement and 3 parts of sand
c) one part Portland Cement and 4 parts of sand

c) flat bar

The drying temperature of sample is

a) 110 +/- 5*C
b) 100 +/- 5*C

is a solid asphalt which is a basic constituent of all other

asphalt called as hot asphalt or penetration grade asphalt.
a) Asphalt Cement
b) Emulsified Asphalt
c) Cutback Asphalt
The apparatus used to measure the thickness or height of compacted
bituminous paving mixture.
is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt
a) Ruler
b) Vernier Califer
c) Steel Tape
cement and kerosene.
a) Medium Curing Cutback
It is used in calculating the unit weight of the mixture and the degrebe)oAfsphalt Cement
compaction of the asphalt pavement.
c) Rapid Curing Cutback
a) Bulk Specific Gravity of compacted bituminous mixtures using saturated
surface dry specimen.
is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt
b) Dry unit weight of compacted bituminous mixtures
cement and oil.
a) Slow Curing Cutback
c) Mass of specimen in water
b) Emulsified Asphalt
c) Blown Asphalt
The test which covers the quantitative determination of bitumen in hotmixed paving mixtures and pavement samples for specification ac2ce2p6t.ance,
is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of
service evaluation, control and research.
a) Extraction
cement and gasoline
a) rapid Curing Cutback
b) Spot Test
Flash Point

b) Blown Asphalt
c) Joint Filler








An apparatus used to determine the specific gravity of asphalt is

a) Metal Pycnometer
Glass Pycnometer
c) any bottle

Asphalt is defined as
a) A petroleum product
Consistency test for asphalt is called
b) A dark brown to black cementitious materials whose consistency rangae) Vs iscosity
b) Slump test
from solid to semi-solid and whose main constituent is called bitumen wLhoscshin
ting is either found in nature or as a residue in petroleum refining.
c) None of the above
A process of volatilization test which measures the relative
proportion of asphalt to oil.
a) Distillation
It is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement andb) Extraction
Test water with emulsified with pungent odor.
a) Emulsified Asphalt
b) Asphalt Cement
c) Rap2id37C.uringIt is a period wherein the asphalt begins to melt.
a) Softening Point
b)Boiling Point
c)Fire Point
Joint filler in concrete pavement is a
a) Blown Asphalt
b) Hot asphalt
c) Liq2u3i8d.
The sampling requirement of asphalt is
a) 1 sample for every 200 drums or 40 metric tons
b) 1 sample for every 100 drums
A device used to measure the relative hardness of asphalt is
c) 1. sample for every shipment
a) Penetrometer
b) Spectometer
c) Vicat
The component of bituminous mixes which range from 92 to 96%
is called
a) Bituminous Blended Aggregate
A property of asphalt cement to stretch without breaking is
b) Concrete Aggregate
a) Ductility
bc) Sand
is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to
It is a point where the volatile components of asphalt will evaporate.resist deformation or displacement due to impose load or repeated
a) Fire Point
b) Flash Point
c) Centelorading.
It determines whether asphalt is over heated or not during the 2p4r1oc. ess of
is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement
to manufacture.
a) Spot Test
b) Boil Teresstist disintegration or deterioration due to the action of water,
c) Extraction Test
and changing climate
a) Durability
b) Flexibility


is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement adjust itself

a) Flexibility
b) Rigidity
The rate of application of prime coating using cutback asphalt is
a) 1-2 liters/sq. m
0.5-1 liter/ sq. m
c) 2-3 liters/sq. m
These are the factor affecting the workability of bituminous mixes
a) Gradation of aggregate, quality of asphalt, and temperature of m25ix1.
The rate of application of tack coating using liquid or
b) Surface texture and temperature mix
asphalt is
c) Quantity of aggregates and asphalt content
a) 0.2-0.7 li/sq.m
b) 0.1-0.5 li/sq. m
c) 2 li/sq. m.
to settlement

The dry molded asphalt sample in the immersion compression
2te5s2t. is

The rate of application of seal coat using asphalt cement is

submerged in water for

a) 4 days

b) 4 hours

b) 10-11 li/sq. m

c) 2 days


The percent index retention is computed in the formula

a) Wet Stability/Dry Stability x 100
b) Dry Stability/Wet Stability x 100
c) Wet Stability Dry Stability/Dry Stability x 100


The sampling requirement of bituminous mixes is

a) 1 sample for every 75 cu. m.
b) 1 sample for every 150 cu. m.
c) 1 sample per delivery per day

2 5 3 ..


a) 0.9-1.8 li/sq. m
c) 8-9 li/sq. m

The rate of application of seal coat using cutback asphalt is

a) 1.5-3.0li/sq. m
b) 2.0-3.0 li/sq. m
c) 1-2 li/sq .m
The primary quality control mechanism for the production of
asphalt mies with high degree of uniformity that will satisfy job
requirement is
a) Job mix formula
b) Quality control formula
c) Assurance

The objective of designing the asphalt mixture is determination of
The application of liquid asphaltic material on a prepared untreated base .
a) Type and grade of asphalt,
a) Pprirmopeortion of coarse, fine and mineral filler, if used and asphalt
b) Seal Coating
b) To produce a desirable characteristic of pavement which are
c) Tack Coating
stable, durable, flexible and skid resistance.
C) All of the above
The application of liquid asphaltic material to an existing surface is
a) Tack Coating
c) Prime Coating
The percent asphalt content in hot laid bituminous mixture range
b) Seal Coating
a) 5-8%
b) 4-6%
c) 5-10%
The application of asphaltic material and aggregate to an existing
surface for the purpose of sealing it against the infiltration of wate2r5o7r.
The placing temperature for bituminous mixture measured in
surface moisture is called
a) Seal Coating
truck prior to dumping is
b) Tack Coating
c) Prime Coating
a) at least 107*C
b) at least 120*C
c) at least 150*C






The second phase of rolling the spread bituminous mixture is c2a6ll6ed.

The wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the
breakdown rolling which is the one responsible to attain the maximum dislodging of aggregate particle is called
a) raveling
b) alligator crack
c) rutting
density. This rolling is carried out by the use of
a) pneumatic roller
b) steel roller
c) sheepfoot roller
Interconnected cracks forming a series of small blocks resembling
The significance of final rolling is to remove the roller marks to previaonusalligators skin or chicken wire is called
rolling in order to have a good finish pavement with a temperature of 16a0) *aFl.ligator cracking
b) reflection cracking
bleeding a) True
b) False
c) Maybe
is the type of cement to be used in the DPWH
The proper way of rolling should begin at
infrastructure project as indicated in the Blue Book.
a) the sides and proceeds longitudinally towards the roads center, eachas)trPioprtland Cement Type I b) Pozzolan Cement
Portland overlapping on half the roller width, gradually progressing the crown of Ctheement Type II
b) the
center and proceeding longitudinally toward the side of the road 269.
If the fine aggregates are subjected to five cycles of sodium
c) any part of the road provided each strip overlapping on half the rollersulfate soundness test, the weighted loss shall not exceed
10 mass percent
b) 5 mass percent
c) 3 mass
What is the minimum degree of compaction of asphalt pavement? percent
a) not lee than 97% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
b) not less than 100% of the density of the laboratory compacted s2p7e0c.imenIf the coarse aggregate are subjected to five cycles of
sodium c) not less than 85% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimseunlfate soundness test, the weighted loss shall not
What is the color of asphalt when it is overcook?
a) 12 mass percent
b) 15 mass percent
10 mass
a) yellowish brown
b) black

311 pavement.
b) FDT

determines the thickness and density of compact2e7d1a. sphaTlthe mass percent of wear of coarse aggregates for item
a) Core testwhen tested by AASHTO 96 is not greater than
c) X-ray
a) 40%
b) 45%
c) 50%


The cored sample of asphalt pavement is measured at

a) approximately quarter points
b) three points
c) two points


Too much asphalt content in the bituminous mixes causes

a) bleeding
b) potholes
c) cracks

272. .

The design of concrete mix specified by the blue book is based on

Absolute Volume Method
b) Area Method c) American Method


The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when

tested by third point loading method is
a) 3.5 Mpa
b) 3.8 Mpa
c) 4.0 Mpa
The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when
tested by midpoint method is
a) 4.5 Mpa
b) 3.5 Mpa
c) 5.0 Mpa
are additives used in mixing concrete.
a) sodium chloride
b) admixtures
c) curing
a) Slump Test





determines the consistency of concrete.

b) consolidation test


b) Sieve No. 200

c) Gillmore
A mixture of cement and water is called
a) cement paste
b) mortar paste
concrete paste


The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting of

cement in the laboratory is
ag)eGnitllmore needles
b) Bailey needle
Vicat apparatus
The compressive strength of cement mortar sample in seven

days is not less than

a) 19.3 MN/sq. m
b) 20 MN/sq. m
c) 24 MN/sq. m
c) drilling
What is the appearance of the molded cement paste which fails
to meet the autoclave expansion.
The prescribed forms to be used in concrete paving is called
a) crumble
b) shiny
c) changes color
a) steel forms
b) wooden
c) combination of
steel and wood
The dimension of beam sample for paving concrete is
a) 6 x 6 x 21
b) 6 x 6 x 24
c) 4 x 4
The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than
a) 30
b) 60 min.
c) 90 min. 288.
The critical number of days of curing concrete is
a) first seven days
b) first 10 days
c) 28 days
The final setting time of Portland cement Type I is
a) 10 hrs.
b) 24 hrs.
c) 36 h2r8s9. .
The standard dimension of concrete cylindrical sample is
a) 6 dia. and 12 tall
The standard sand used in testing the mortar strength of Portland 6 dia. and 6 tall
c) 6 dia. and 8 tall
cement is called
a) Ottawa Sand
b) Beach Sand
c) River Sand
There are two layers in performing sampling of beam samples.
How many number of blows are required per layer?
The apparatus used in determining the fineness of Portland cement ab)y63 blows
b) 75 blows
c) 50
blows air permeability is
a) Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus
Equipment used in the consolidation of fresh concrete.
a) jack hammer
b) vibrator


There are three layers in performing sampling of concrete cylinder. Honoew ( 1 ) set

b) two ( 2 ) sets

many blows are required per layer?

a) 25 blows
b) 30 blows

three ( 3 ) sets
c ) 35 blows
In a completed pavement, what is the minimum core samples
The formula which determines the proportion of the mix which can mreqeutired before payment is effected? (Assuming that the thickness

the desired strength requirement of concrete is called

23 cm. )

a) Five

a) design of concrete mix



b) Boyles Formula

c) Bernoulis holes per km per lane


b) One hole per 500m

c) P.E.

The minimum testing requirement for every project is indicated30in0.a dulyIn a Barangay road, what is the minimum requirement for
a) Quality Control Program
thickness determination of its completed pavement?
b) Program of Work
a) Five holes per km per lane
b) P.E. Certificate
c) Work Schedule
c) One hole
It is prescribed in each project based on estimated quantities a3n0d1.
specifies the kind and number of test for each item of work.
a) Minimum number of work
b) Minimum Testing Requirement
c) Work Schedule

A qulity test is one of the minimum requirement for item 200

aggregate subbase course.


a) True


There is no CBR test for item 300 aggregate surface course.

a) True
b) False
c) optional
Embankment materials delivered at the job site was about 12,000 cu. m.
The minimum test requirement calls for 1 G, P, C for every
In item 311 and 405, grading is perform
a) 10 G, P, C
b) 8 G, P, C
c) 6 G, P, C
a) for every 75 cu. m.
b) for every 300 cu. m.
of There is 1 Q cement required for every
c) none
a) 4,000 bags or fraction thereof
b) 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
For pipe culverts and storm drains, the minimum test is 1 Pipe
c) 10,000 bags
for every 50 pipes. What is the alternative requirement?
a) 1 set consisting of 3 concrete cylinder samples for not more than
There is Q of cement required for every
25 pipes cast in the field and 1 inspection report for each size for
a) 20,000 kg or fraction thereof
not more than 25 pipes cast in the field.
b) 10,000 kg or fraction thereof
b) inspection report is enough
c)115,000 kg or fraction thereof
c) Mill Certificate
How many set of beam samples taken for every 75 cu. m. of
poured per day?


The minimum test requirement for paint is

a) 1 sample for every 100 cans or fraction thereof

b) 1 sample for every 50 cans or fraction thereof

c) Mill Certificate


Peat and muck are

a) fair subgrade spoil
b) stable soil

c) unstable soil
d) good subgrade soil

The minimum test requirement for water used in concrete for a

questionable source is
313. a) The slump test on concrete is a measure
P.E. Certificate
b) 1 Quality Test
c)a) strength
c) consistency
Inspection Report
b) unit weight
d) durability

Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory
The fineness modulus is highest of
degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be at leasat ) fine sand
c) very coarse sand
a) 9b5)%very fine sand
d) coarse
sand c) 100%
d) none of the above
If concrete is continuously moist cured, it will gain strength
beyond 180 days.
Per our present Specification for Highways and Bridges including
a) True
c) it depends on curing temperature
amendments, it is mandatory to open PCCP to traffic not later than
b) False
a) 7
days after pouring
b) 21 days after pouring
The quality of paying concrete is usually measured by its
c) 14 days after pouring
d) 28 days after pouring
a) compressive
c) flexural
In casting reinforced concrete railings, the concrete used is
b) tensile
d) bond strength
a) Class
c) Class C1
Generally speaking, batching of concrete aggregates by volume
b) Class A2
d) any of the preceding classes
is preferable than weight.
a) True
c) False
For efficient compaction, the embankment materials should at the tibm) ethey are the
same of rolling be
c) at optimum moisture content
If angular coarse aggregate is used in a concrete mix, it will
b) wet
d) at maximum moisture content
require more
a) water
c) water and fine aggregates
For a road base course the most preferable material is one with CBRbo) fine aggregates
d) neither a and b
a) 60
c) 50
The most favorable period for curing concrete is
d) 80
a) during the first few days or week
b) after 3 days
c) after one week
d) before 28 days


a) 4
c) 6
b) .5
d) 7
What is the correct proportion for concrete masonry work?
a) 1: 2
c) 1: 4

Lower water content ratio in concrete mixes improves

a) strength
c) water tightness
b) durability
d) all of the preceding


When concrete must be placed in a sloping surface, placing should sbta) r1t: 3
1 : 5 at the
a) bottom
c) can be top or
b) top
The opening of No. 4 sieve is bigger than the opening of a
a) true
The maximum percent abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse
c) they are the same
aggregate is
a) 30%
c) 45%
b) 40%
d) 50%
The standard compaction test on predominantly fine grained soils
is performed on soil fraction passing sieve no.
The plasticity index of aggregate base course should be not greater ath) a2n00
c) 16
a) 6
b) 40
d) 4
b) 8
d) 12
Which plasticity index would you prefer for the base course of
In casting of reinforced concrete pile, the concrete used is
a) less than 6
a) A1
c) C1
c) 10 to 12
b) D
d) C2
6 to 9
d) more than 12

The natural water content of highly organic soil is

a) less than 20
c) between 50 and 100
b) between 20 and 50
d) more than 100%


Rate of application for curing compound is

a) 0.30 li/sq. m.
c) 0.15 li/sq. m.
b) 0.20 li/sq. m.
d) 0.10 li/sq. m.


During coring of completed pavement, how many cores /km/lan3e36is.

Water content of soil is generally base on
required as per specification?
a) total weight of soil
c) weight of solids
b) total volume of soil
d) unit weight test

A soil which is classified A-7 by the highway research board

method will have a subgrade rating of
a) excellent
c) fair
b) good
d) poor
Which of the following dead load is equivalent for loose sand, earth and
gravel fill?
33a4) .2,403The empirical number used in design is
tons/cu. m.
c) 1,603 tons/cu. m.
. a) plasticity index
b) group index
c) both of the preceding
b) 1,922 tons/cu. m.
d) 2,150 tons/cu. m.



Soil is fully saturated at optimum moisture content.

a) true
b) false
c) it depends on
void ratio


Optimum water content of soil is determined by

a) field density test
c) compaction test
b) liquid limit test
d) unit weight test



The particle size distribution of soil is determined by

a) liquid limit granular
c) sieve analysis test
b) plastic limit test
d) any of the preceding test







Soil is fully saturated if the water content is

a) at optimum amount
c) more than 100&%
b) 100%
d) none of the peceeding

. The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to

a) compactive effort
c) both a and b
water content
d) neither a or b
Which of the following are most suitable for construction of highway
34a7) .
Specification require 1 quality test every
c) plastic
asphalt mix.
a) 40 ton
c) 50 tons
b) fine- grained
d) clayey
b) 130 tons
d) 150 tons
The particle size distribution of sandy gravel is determined by
a) hydrometer test
c) dilantacy test
All asphalt are
, they became harder as temperature
b) sieve test
d) any of the preceding test
decreases and softer as their temperature increases.
a) thermoplastic
c) brittle
The best soil for a road subgrade would behave a group index of
b) hyrophobic
d) none of the above
a) less than
c) 11 to 15
The viscosity of the asphalt during mixing and lay down is
b) 5 to 10
d) 16 to 20
a) viscosity at 135*C
c) viscosity at 60*C
The highest moisture content in the plastic state of fine grained soil visiscosity at 125*C
d) viscosity at 163*C
a) liquid limit
b) plastic limit
The trial section for compaction for each type of fill materials and
Which of the following is characterizes unsuitable materials?
type of equipment to be used in the work should have an area
a) soil with liquid limit exceeding 80
b) plasticity index exceeding 55
500 sq. m.
c) 600 sq. m.
c) soil with natural water content exceeding 100%
b) 335 sq. m.
d) 400 sq. m.
d) all of the above
Control slip shall have an area of approximately
Shringkage factor test is
a) 500 sq. m.
c) 600 sq. m.
a) test to determine pay volume
b) 335 sq. m.
d) 400 sq. m.
b) test to determine strength characteristic
c) test to determine volume change
Fine aggregate used in asphalt mix is the one
d) test to determine maximum density
a) passing the no. 8 sieve

b) passing the no. 30 sieve

c) passing the no. 200 sieve
d) returned the no. 8 sieve

The corrugation produce by brooming is

a) 1.5 mm.
c) 2.5 mm.
b) 2.0 mm.
d) 1.0 mm.


The higher the

a) specific gravity
b) viscosity


a) 60%
b) 55%

, the lower the penetration.

c) durability
d) solubility

The required thickness of the thermoplastic paint in PCCP is

a) 3.2 to 4.8 mm.
c) 3.3 to 3.8 mm.
b) 3.0 to 4.5 mm.
d) 3.2 to 4.0 mm



c) 50%
d) 70%

In DPWH Contract Projects, Quality Control is the sole

responsibility of
a) the DPWH project personnel
b) the governments Materials Engineer
c) the Contractor

As Materials Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling

and testing of materials to be incorporated into the work?
a) before final payment
b) before start of work items
c) .before first partial payment


The Spot Test on asphalt is used to determine what?

a) cleanliness
c) safe working
What percent of hydrated lime shall be added to the mixture during temperature
b)overheating during
mixing operation of asphalt mix?
d) viscosity of the mix
a) 0.5 to 1.0 mass %
c) 0.75 to 1.2 mass %
b) 1.0 to 1.5 mass %
d) 0.2 to 0.7 mass %
Under what climate conditions do we use higher penetration
grade asphalt cement?
a) hot climate
As Materials Engineer, what would you recommend in order to checkc)thceold climate
suitability and efficiency of the equipment to used prior to subbase
rainy weather
d) none of the above
construction for item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface Course?
a) make a trial section
c) make trial mix
What is the basis for rejection or acceptance of any construction
b) establish control strips
d) none of the above
a) Certificate of Billing
c) Statement of work accomplished
Quality of factor produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best Materials Test Report
d) none of the abcve
established through what?
compressive strength test
Initial rolling of bituminous mixes shall be performed with a
b) flexural strength test
a) vibrator
c) core test
d) crushing strength test
b) pneumatic
d) none of the above
Result of Immersion Compression test conducted on a
mixIn abituminous mix sample, what is the % of asphalt by a) weight
sample are as follow: Dry stability + 2,000 Kpa, Wet stability = 1,000 Kpoaf ,aggregate and by b) weight of mix? Given the following data:
What is the resulting Index of Retained Strength?
Weight of dry aggregates (after extraction) = 950 grams: Weight of

Mix = 1010.
A. a) 6.32%
B. a) 5.50%





b) penetration grade and quantity of asphalt

d) none of the above c) density and compaction of completed pavement
d) 5.94%
In asphalt pavement construction, how is the surface level of
What grade of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 30?
the completed pavement check?
a) by T core test
a) emulsified asphalt
c) blown asphalt
b) by density test
c) by the use of 3 meter straight edge
b) asphalt cement
d) none of the above
What primarily influence the grade of asphalt to be selected?
Problems regarding quality of construction materials shall be reportead) penetration
c) climate
directly by the Contractors Materials Engineer to the
b) class of aggregate
d) temperature
a) DPWH Materials Engineer
c) Contractors Project Engineer
b) Contractor
d) none of the above
Who will approve the Job Mix Formula?
a) DPWH Project/Materials Engineer
If the RC pipes in the forgoing problem is not cast in the field, how mba)nCyontractor
pipes will be required to be subjected to the Crushing Strength test?
c) Contractors Materials Engineer
a) 75 pcs.
b) 70 pcs.
c) 100 pcs
What control during the mixing and compaction of the bituminous
How many concrete cylinder samples are required for 3,500 pcs. of pavement is of great significance in the resulting pavement?
reinforced concrete pipes?
a) 14 sets of 3
c) 75 sets oaf) 3compaction
c) grading of aggregates
b) 140 sets of 3
d) none of the above
b) density
d) temperature
b) 6.32%

c) 6.0%
c) 6.0%

What is the bitumen obtained from the distillation coal or woo3d7?9.

In asphalt pavement construction, there are three phases of
a) rock asphalt
c) emulsion
rolling; what kind of roller is required to be used for the final
b) tar
d) none of the above
compaction and smoothing?
a) pneumatic roller b) sheepfoot roller c) tandem- smooth wheeled
How do you reduce the viscosity of Medium Curing Cutback Asphalrto?ller
By mixing it with
a) gasoline
c) kerosene
What is the maximum speed of the roller in compaction of asphalt
b) diesel
d) emulsion
a) 4 kph
c) 8
What establish the exact percent of aggregates and asphalt content5inkpah
d) 6 kph
bituminous mix
a) design mix
c) job mix formula
What shall be checked after final rolling?
b) job order
d) extraction formula
a) degree of compaction
b) optimum asphalt content
quantity of aggregates
What greatly influence the serviceability of an asphalt pavement?
a) quality of aggregates and climate






When is the completed asphalt pavement opened to traffic? 391.

For 250 gallons of Reflectorized Traffic Paint, how many samples
a) when the asphalt has cooled to atmospheric temperature
are required to be submitted for Quality Testing?
b) when the asphalt has cooled to +/- 10*C of the spreading temperaturae) 3 samples
b) 2 samples
c) 4 samples
c) when asphalt is still hot
The bituminous mix should have a mass % of air voids within the
The apparatus used in determining the consistency of asphalt cemenratnisge of
a) 2 to 3%
b) 1 to 4%
a) penetrometer
b) viscometer
cc)) 3 to 5%
Traffic paint shall be applied to the pavement at the rate of
How is the consistency of liquid asphalt determined?
0.33 li/sq. m. and shall dry sufficiently to be free it from cracking
a) viscometer
b) Tag open cup
c) penetrometer
Ans. 150to 30
The Optimum Asphalt Content obtained in Marshall Stability Test is the
average asphalt content of the Maximum Stability, Maximum Bulk 3S9p4e.cific This is the only class of riprap that may consist of round
Gravity, and
. a) 4% Air Voids
b) 2 mm flow stones.
Ans.. Class A Riprap
c) 5% mineral content
The surface of riprap shall not vary from the theoretical surface
What test determines the safe working temperature of the asphalt? by more than
mm. ay any point.
a) Ductility test
b) Flash Point Test
c) Stability Test
Ans.. 100 mm.

a) Asphalt Mixes

are usually tested for extraction.

Fine aggregates of masonry shall all passes the
b) emulsions
c) asphalt cement sieve.
Ans.. 2.36 mm (No. 8 sieve )

Steel bars for the concrete reinforcement are tested for their 397.
Mortar that is not used within
a) tensile and bending
b) compressive
been added shall be discarded.
c) crushing
Ans. 90 minutes

minutes after the water has

What method is used in determining the strength of concrete
Maximum projection of rock faces beyond the pitch lines shall not
a) third point loading method
be more than
Ans.. 50 mm.
b) center point loading method
c) three edge bearing method
In hot or dry weather, the masonry shall be satisfactory protected
from the sun and shall be kept wet for a period at least
How many units shall be tested for strength, moisture and absorptioanftienr completion.
a lot of 120,000 CHB
Ans.. 18 units
Three ( 3 ) days









For pavement markings, the composition of white paint shall be

pigment and
% of vehicle
Ans.. 42 45 % pigment
53 55% vehicle

Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than

mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for compaction.
Ans.. 13 mm.

The composition of yellow paint shall be

pigment and
Ans.. 23% pigment and 77% vehicl4e11.
Strip of the joint filler that do not conform to the specified
dimension within the permissible variation of
mm. thickness
material shall be of such quality that it will not darkenWor
in depth shall be reflected.
become yellow when a thin section is exposed to sunlight.
Ans. +/- 1.6 to 0 thickness ;
+/- 3mm. in depth
Ans.. Non volatile material
These are finely divided residue that result from the combustion
consist of beads of good quality, optically clear, lead freeof ground or powdered coal.
Ans. Fly Ash
glass with not less than 90% reasonably spherical and free from flows.
Ans. Ballotini for reflective road paint
A light spray application of asphalt to an existing pavement as a
seal to inhibit raveling, or seal the surface or both.
is a reflector which shall be the short base type having aAns.. Fog Seal
maximum base area of 180 mm x 140 mm.
Ans. Flash surface reflective stud
A light application of bituminous material for the express purpose
of laying and bonding loose dust.
The pads shall be highly resilient and durable rubber reinforced withAns.. Dust
Binder canvas and shall have a design life of at least
Ans. Five ( 5 ) years
The aggregate that is graded from the maximum size, down to
and including filler, with the object of obtaining a bituminous mix
The reflectors shall have the minimum specific intensity value exprewssitehda controlled void content and high stability is called.
of illumination.
Dense graded aggregate
Ans.. Candle power per foot candle
The bituminous material used to fill and seal cracks in existing
The reflector shall support a vertical load of
when tested.
pavement is called
Ans. Crack filler
Ans. 10 KN
The application of sprayed bituminous coatings not involving the
When raised profile type reflector are specified the approved
use of aggregate is called
epoxy adhesive shall be used .
Ans. Bituminous application
Ans. Two ( 2 ) parts
A mixture of bituminous material and mineral aggregate usually
Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than
prepared in a conventional hot mix plant or drum mixer at a
mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for water absorption.
temperature of not more than
and spread and compacted at
Ans. 9.5 mm

the job site at a temperature above

Ans. 260*F (127*C)/200*F (93*C)

is a combination of bituminous material and mineral

aggregate applied at ambient temperature for use in patching holes,
depression and distress area in existing pavement.
is an application of low viscosity bituminous material to anMaintenance Mix
absorptive surface designed to penetrate, bond, and stabilize this existing
surface and to promote adhesion between it and the new super-im4p2o7s.e
is a pavement construction using essentially onesize construction.
Ans. Primaeggregate which penetrated in place by an application of
viscosity bituminous material followed by an application of smaller
size course aggregate and thoroughly rolled,
A uniform application of a mixture of emulsified asphalt, fine aggregAantes,. Penetration
Macadam mineral filler, and water to an existing pavement , single or multiple
application may be used.
Ans. Slurry Sea4l 28.
The glass beads used in traffic paint shall have a minimum of
% true spheres.
Ans. 70%
is an application of bituminous material applied for an
existing, relatively non-absorbent surface to provide a thorough bo4n2d9.
The glass beads shall have a minimum refractive index of
between old and new surfacing.
Ans. Tack Coat
Ans. 1.50


is a bituminous aggregate application to any type 4o3f 0ro. ad oTr he white thermoplastic material shall not exceed a
yellowish pavement surface for the purpose of providing a wearing course, or surfiancdex of
Ans. 0.12
seal or both.
Treatment and Seals
The thermoplastic material shall have a maximum percent
residue of
after heating at 8 +/- 0.5 hours at 218 +/- 2*C
is a bituminous-sand application to an existing pavementAntos. 28%
seal the surface and to function as a light wearing course.
Ans. Sand Seal
The softening point of thermoplastic paint should be
Ans. 102.5+/-9.5*C
is a spray application of bituminous material used to
temporarily stabilize a recently seeded area. The bituminous mate4ri3a3l .can bWe hat kind of water shall be used in laboratory test
especially if it
applied to the soil or to a straw or hay mulch as a tie
deals with chemical?
Ans. Distilled Water
down. Ans. Mulch treatment
Liquid limit brass cup with a sample is raised and allowed to drop
is a combination of bituminous material and aggregate thshaat rips ly on the base through a height of what?
physically mixed by mechanical means, spread on the job site and
Ans. 10 mm.
Ans. Bituminous
Aggregate Mixtures
How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit
device be rotated?
Ans. 2 rotation per seconds


What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT ?

Ans. Any clean, dry, free- flowing, uncemented and passing # 10
and retained # 200 sieve

b) cause of reduction in ultimate strength of concrete

c) induce corrosion of R.S.B
d) b and c


What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dr4y4d4e.nsityIf the soil is properly compacted at MDD it will
. of 2,250 kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole is equivalent to 2,33a5) increase stability/strength
kg/cu. m. and average moisture content of 8.85%?
b) minimize future settlement
Ans. % degree of compaction = (dry density/Max. dry density ) x 100 c) decrease permeability
d) all of the above
= [2,335/(1+8.85/100)] / 2,250 x 100
= ( 2,145.15/2,250 ) x 100
= 9.34%
Asphalt construction, compaction must be completed before the
mixture cools to
a) 165*F ( 60*C )
c) 185*F ( 71*C )
What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?
b) 175*F ( 65*C )
d) 195*F ( 76*C )
Ans. ( 12.7 mm )





Which contractor are required by DPWH to own the minimum
c) Maximizing water contentmaterial testing equipment for pre-qualification purposes?
d) Stabilization
a) small
c) large
b) medium
d) all of the above
As construction progresses, you noticed that the materials delivered at
the project site are different from the one tested and passed the 447.
As percent asphalt increases in Marshall stability test, the % Air
requirement, as Materials Engineer what would you do?
a) increases
c) remains
a) Authorize the use of the materials
b) Conduct immediate retesting of the materials for verification purposedsecreases
d) a or
b c) Reject materials
d) Replace the materials
The aggregate component contribute to shear strength and
stability of bituminous mixture . The desirable shape and
What is the test criteria for RCPC test with three ( 3 ) Edge Bearing Ttesxt?ure of aggregate is
a) 0.3 mm.
c) 0.5 mm.
a) round and smooth surface
c) round and rough
b) 0.4 mm.
d) 0.6 mm.
b) angular and smooth surface
d) angular and rough texture
The Immersion Compression test is prepared to determine
a) ductility
c) stability
You can classify a soil sample in accordance to AASHTO through
b) solubility
d) flexibility
a) Grain size analysis
c) both a and b
b) Atterberg
The use of sea water in reinforced concrete is not allowed due to
d) none of the above
a) no effect
Soil properties can be improved by
a) Adequate compaction
b) Additional binder








Who should take samples of materials and bring them to the la4b5o8ra. toryIn what item of work emulsified asphalt and cut back asphalt
for acceptance purposes?
a) Tack Coat
a) DPWH Materials Engineer
c) Contractors Project Engineerc) Seal Coat
b) Contractors Materials Engineer
d) DPWH Project Engineer
Prime Coat
d) Bituminous Surface Course HotLaid
How do you determine the diameter of RSB?
a) by Vernier Caliper
b) by unit weight
What is the boundary between Coarse and Fine aggregates used
in concreting.
a) passing No. 3/8 sieve
Cement which has been in storage for so long period that there is c) passing No. 6 sieve
already doubt as to its quality should be
passing No. 4 sieve
d) passing No. 8 sieve
a) retested prior to use
c) authorized to use
b) not to used
The purpose of trial section is to check
a) the suitability of materials
In abrasion test, a sample of 5,000 grams was subjected to abrasionb, )athe efficiency of the equipment
2,000 grams sample was retained in no. 12 sieve after washing, what isct)htehe construction method proposed to be used
abrasion loss?
a) 50
d) all of the above
c) 60
b) 40
d) 30
In FDT, the volume of hole is determined by what?
a) Sand to fill hole over unit weight of dry sand
Different brand of cement should not be allowed because
b) T. otal material taken from hole over volume of hole
a) different in texture
c) varies in strength
c) Wet unit weight over 1 +
b) different in color when dried
MC/100 d) Dry unit weight over
MDD x 100
An apparatus used for field density test is called
a) Sand cone
c) Nuclear density meter
What is the average compressive strength of the load
b) Rubber balloon
d) all of the above
bearing concrete hollow blocks?
a) 1,000 psi
c) 600 psi
Thickness tolerance in the construction of sub- base course is
b) 800 psi
d) 1,200 psi
a) +/- 10 mm.
463.c) +/-The surface condition of tack coat before the next course should
5 mm.
b) +/- 20 mbema.pplied is
a) wet
d) +/- 15 mm.
b) sticky
d) plastic
PH value of water used in concrete is
a) 4 to 6
c) 6 to 10
The contractor shall give the Engineer at least
days notice
b) 6 to 8
d) 3 to 5
prior to the beginning of work at the mill or shop where the metal
structure has been manufactured or fabricated, so that the required
inspection may be made.

a) 14
b) 17

c) 21
d) 15


This an equipment which is used to measure differential

deflection between joints of a concrete pavement to determine
the modulus of the existing slabs for use in the design of an overlay.
The request for recoring shall be made by the contractor within
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrometer
weeks after the official result of the coring test has been released if theb) Falling Weight
structure failed to meet strength requirement.
c) Benkelman Beam
a) one ( 1 )
c) three ( 3 )
d) Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device
b) two ( 2 )
d) four ( 4 )
In the foregoing illustration determine the average thickness of
A revised design strength for concrete works was set forth from 14 dPaCyCsP.
Actual to 7 days for concrete pavement for national roads and
days for mMaejoarsurement
interchanges and busy intersection thus minimizing occurrence of road 1
c) six ( 6 )
b) three ( 3 )
d) four ( 4 )
Compressive strength for mortar samples test at 3 days and 7 seve6n
days can be considered for acceptance provided the strength of the
at 7 days is not less than
Mpa which is 85% of the compressive8
strength for 28 days
c) 23.45
b) a) 23.433
b) 23.43
c) 23.4
d) 21.53
Vibrator shall not be operated longer than
seconds in any
The use of Fly Ash concrete mix as mineral admixture in PCCP and aosne location.
a) 10
c) 20
% replaces the Portland cement in concrete mix.
b) 15
d) 25
a) 15
c) 25
How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit
b) 20
device be rotated?
a) three ( 3 ) rotations per
This is an instrument used to measure pavement deflections resultinbg) two and a half (2 ) rotations per second
from vehicle wheel loading. The results of the elastic deformation test acre) two ( 2 ) rotations per second
used to evaluate the structural condition of roads, and to help in the desdi)gnone and a half ( 1 ) rotations per second
of road strengthening measure and road capacity improvement 474.
What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrator
a) passing sieve No. 30 retained No. 200
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer
b) passing sieve No. 20 retained No. 200
c) Three ( 3 ) Meter Straight Edge
c) passing sieve No. 10 retained No. 200
d) Benkelman Beam
d) None of the above









When placing concrete, what is the required temperature of concretle?ss

as called for in the guidelines on the submission of
a) less than 29*C
c) less than 30*C
b) less than 28*C
d) less than 31*C
a) 5 liters
c) 10
In PCCP coring, what is the specified thickness of an individual
liters b) 4 liters
d) 6
measurement that shall not be included in the average?
For semi solid materials, samples should be taken at the center of
a) less than 20 mm.
c) less than 25 mm.
b) more than 20 mm.
d) more than 25 mm.
the containers at least
mm. below the surface and 75 mm. from
the sides with the aid of a clean hatcher or patty knife.
a) 100
is the wearing away of the pavement surface caused by thc)e 75
dislodging of aggregate particles.
b) 85
d) 50
a) Rutting
c) Shoving
test classify the different asphalts into types and the
b) Raveling
d) Corrugation
different types into grades.
a) Quality test
This is the stage in compaction in which all free air is expelled and c) Ductility test
b) Consistency test
d) All of the above
replaced by water, if further pressure is applied to the soil mass, the
tendency is to reduce its volume.
a) we4tt8in6g.
This is the most important volatilization test on liquid asphalt
c) saturation stage
products, its gives information as to the actual amount of
b) swelling stage
d) none of the above
constituents remove at definite temperature.
In this stage, additional water replaces some of the entrapped air anad) Extraction test
c) Evaporation test
the soil particles move closer together with a resulting increase in densibty) .Distillation test
d) Softening test
a) wetting stage
c) lubricating stage
This test indicate the purity of asphalt.
a) Specific Gravity
c) Solubility
b) swelling stage
d) all of the above
All boring during soil exploration survey shall generally be carried toba) Viscosity
d) Ductility
depth of at least
meter below the proposed grade line.
This is the most important factor which influence the stability
a) one ( 1 )
c) 0.30
of bituminous mixture.
a) Gradation of mineral
b) two and half ( 2 )
d) 0.50
What is the factor that will influence the construction of stabilized roba)dS?hape and surface texture of aggregate
a) Depletion of the supply of economically available materials
c) Hardness of aggregate particles
b) High cost involved in the construction of the conventional types of rodad) All of the above
c) If the road structure may be built by stages, and a properly desi4g8n9e.d roaTdhe principal factor that effect the flexibility of bituminous
might function briefly as a wearing course
mixture is
a) the quality of bituminous
d) All of the above
What is the meaning of ASTM?
b)the quality of mineral filler
a) American Standard for Testing Materials
c) temperature susceptibility of the binder
b) American Standard for Testing and Materials
d) all of the above
c) American Society for Testing Materials
The application temperature of emulsified asphalt ranges from
a) 66* to 107*C
American Society for Testing and Materials
In sampling bituminous materials, the composite samples taken fromc)a20* to 66*C
number of drums should have a size sufficient for testing and should nobt )b1e0* to 71*C
d) 15* to 66*C

Concrete deposited in water shall be Class A concrete with a5m0i0n.imumUnsuitable materials are those materials containing
cement factor of
per cubic meter of concrete.
quantities of organic materials, such as grass, roots, and sewerage
a) 12 bags per cu. m.
c) 11 bags per cu. m.
and those that is
b) 10 bags per cu. m.
d) 9 bags per cu. m.
a) high organic soils
A tremie shall consist of a tube having a diameter of not less
b) soils with liquid limit exceeding 80 and / or PI > 55
mm. constructed in section s having flanged couplings fitted with gaskect ) soils with very low density, 800kg/cu. m. or below
with a hopper at the top.
d) all of the above
200 c) 250
The set of cylinders for each project shall be numbered
b) 300
d) 150
consecutively beginning with 1 and three specimens should be
The fine aggregate used in stone masonry mortar shall all pass No. identified as A, B, and C. At the early stage of pouring, the laboratory
a) 40
c) 30
should be requested to break the A cylinders at 7 days to check
b) 8
d) 3/8
a) If the structure should be put in service
The coarse aggregate used in Bituminous Concrete is
at early stage
b) to
a) retained on a 2.36 mm. ( No. 8 sieve )
check the mix design
b) retained on a 4.75 mm (No. 4 sieve )
c) To check if there is unusual development when admixture is used
c) retained on a 19.00 mm. ( No. sieve )
d) All of the above
d) both a and b
The field specimen should be cured from 4 to 7 days at the
As Materials Engineer, will you permit the use of salvage soil aggregpartoeject under moist conditions obtained by
for lie stabilized road mix base course?
a) covering with wet sand
a) Yes
c) It depends
b) covering with saw-dust
b) No
d) Let the DPWH Project Engineer to decide
c) covering with palay-strw
Is the accredited private testing laboratories owned by companies d) all of the above
involved in the supply of construction materials for DPWH project b5e03a.lloweTdhe cured cylindrical samples shall be transported to the
to test their own products?
a) Yes
Laboratory or any testing laboratory accredited by the DPWH in
c) It depends
b) No
a) on top of
d) Either a or c
For small projects where the quantity of steel bars is less than 10,00b0) carefully packed and crated surrounded with damp sawdust or
kgs. What may be required as a basis of acceptance.
palay straw
c) on boxes with sand
a) P.E. Certificate
c) Inspection Report
surrounding the cylinders
d) all of the above
b) Mill Certificate
d) All of the above
Lumber is considered well seasoned when its moisture content5i0s 4.
The penetration grade of concrete joint sealer, hot poured
a) 10 to 16%
c) 1ty0pteois
a) 80 - 100
b) 14 to 18%c) 100 - 120
d) 15 to 20%
below 90
d) 40 60
Flushing of bitumen to the surface after belting or screeding
The CBR is generally selected at what penetration?
th5e0h5o. t mixture denotes rich mixture.
a) 5.08 mm.
c) 2.54 mm.
a) true
b) false
neither of the two
b) 3.1 mm.
d) 3.50 mm.








A soil aggregate that has a CBR value of 20 means that in the conditaio) n211*C
135*C tested, the resistance to penetration of the standard piston was
d) 204*C standard resistance of a compacted soil or aggregate.
a) 40%
c) 10%
What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat using cut
b) 20%
d) 80%
back asphalt?
a) 0.5 to 0.7 liters/sq. m.
For liquid asphaltic materials, these are run on the residue after
1.0 to 1.1 liters/sq. m.
b) 1c.)0 to 2.0 liters/sq. m.
d) 1.10 to 2.0 liters/sq.m.
a) consistency test
ductility test
b) quality
d) cement mixing test
What is the weight boulders required for class A grouted riprap?
The basic aim of compaction is to produce a soil mass that will satisfay) 10 to 25 kgs
c) 15 to 30 kgs.
what criteria?
a) settlement
b) 15 to 25 kgs.
d) 20 to 30 kgs.
b) stability
d) all of the above
Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test,
When do the embankment become friable in dry weather , ravel at tthe degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be
edges and abrade severely under traffic and will become dusty in servicaet least
a) 95%
and much of the binder soil is simply blown away during the dry seasonc. ) 100%
a) the embankment is non- plastic
b) 98%
d) 90%
b) the embankment lacks compaction
c) materials fails CBR test
Where to determine the amount of mixing water to use when
d) none of the above
compacting the soil in the field to attain maximum density.
When the embankment tends to soften in wet weather, and PCCP a) Trial Section
c) Control Strip
constructed of such material develop ruts under traffic an d may shift anbd) Field Density Test
d) Lab. Compaction Test
shove to develop a wash board surface, the plasticity index of such material
a)5P1.8I . is toFoor soil classification purposes as in AASHTO M45, what is not
c) P.I. is too low
a) combined sieve and
b) neither a & b
d) both a & b
mechanical analysis
What is the allowable smooth riding quality of PCCP?
b) sieve analysis
a) 5.00 mm.
c) 3.00 mm.
c) the wash test
b) 8.00 mm.
d) 6.00 mm.
d) none of the above
What is the penetration grade of bitumen prime coat?
a) 60 70
c) 85 100
b 120 150
d) none of the above


This is widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are

to be incorporated in roadways.
a) The Limit Test
c) The Group Index
b) The soil classification
d) all of the above
The spraying application temperature of all grades of asphalt cement
should not be more than







In direct shear test, the soil is sheared to failure by moving one partco)fBituminous
stabilization the soil sample relatively to the other part along a pre-determined planed.) Lime
When several test are made on a soil under different normal loads and the
results are plotted in arithmetic scales, the resulting line is made in52t6h.e formAs per guidelines on submission of samples, laboratory trial
should be made on aggregates which are proposed tube used for the
a) straight line
c) parabola
first time, in this case what is the weight of fine aggregates to be
b) hyperbola
d) semi-elliptical
submitted for testing?
a) 100 kgs.
c) 50 kgs.
In conducting soil exploration survey, what equipment you will use inb) 70 kgs.
d) 80
kgs. obtaining undisturbed samples.
a) split spoon sampler
c)screw type soil auger
The phosphorous content of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0
s5a2m7p. ler
b) thin-walled sampler
d) Post-hole auger sampler
mm shall not exceed
a) 0.18%
b) 0.06%
Bituminous stabilization in the process of mixing intimately pulverizecd) 0.08%
d) 0.05%
soil and bituminous material. What is the minimum bearing capacity (soaked
CBR ) of the mixture?
a) 80%
528. c) The permissible variation of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0
b)mm. shall not exceed
a) 10%
d) 95%
b) 5%
d) 6%
Portland cement stabilization roadmix base course is an intimate mixture
of pulverized soil, Portland cement and water which is thoroughly 529.
A type of cement that sets and hardens by chemical interaction
compacted while in a moist condition to form a structural road material with water and is capable of doing so underwater.
when the cement hydrates and crystallizes. What is the mass percent wae) aPrortland Cement
b) Hydraulic Cement
of soil aggregate used in this stabilization?
c) Air-Retaining Portland Cement d) All of the above
a) 40%
c) not more than 40%
b) 45%
d) 50%
The spacing center to center of circumferential reinforcement of
all pipes shall not exceed its wall thickness and shall in no case
For a rich mixture of cement in concrete, what determines the flexureaxlceed
a) 150
strength of the concrete?
a) Mortar strength
c) both a &mbm.
b) 200 mm.
b) the strength of aggregate
d) the water/cement ratio
c) 100 mm.
d) 250 mm.
This is a new method of soil stabilization being introduced to im5p3r1o.ved Oversanded and undersanded concrete mixtures require
the properties of soil which is effective and at the same time cheaper. water in order to be workable but will only result to
a) Stabilization by the use of Geotextiles
a) good surface texture
b) water tightens
b) Cement stabilization
c) weak strength
d) all of the above


For every lean mixes or low cement content of the mixture, Wh5a3t9.
What are the common field test?
determines the flexural strength of the concrete.
Ans. To determine the degree of compaction of soil or it is a control
a) The strength of aggregate
b) The mortar
test in embankment construction to ensure adequate compaction
strength c) The water cement ratio
d) All of the
What is moisture content?
This is a method of determining in-place density of soil that can be uAsnesd. It is the amount of water present in the
soil satisfactorily in moist, cohesive fine grained material only. The sample is
obtained by forcing a small thin walled cylinder into the material
What is the different between natural moisture content with
driving head and hammer or other suitable apparatus.
Ansh. ydroscopic moisture content?
Ans. Natural moisture content
Drive Cylinder Method
is the moisture of undisturbed soil sample while hydroscopic
moisture content is the moisture of air-dried soil sample.
This method of test is intended to determine the density of cohesive soil
and stabilized soil by measuring the weight and volume of undistu5rb4e2d.
What is the formula used for moisture content determination?
Ans. Block, Chunk orAns. Moisture Content = (wt. Of water/wt. Of oven dried sample) x
Core Sampling

This method covers the determination of the density in-place o5f 43.
Weighing hot sample is not advisable as it affects the accuracy
of compacted or firmly bonded soil by using a flexible membrane and liquirdesult.
Ans. True
that can be used to measure the volume of a test hole soil with an accuracy
within 1.0%.
What are the methods use in reducing samples from the field to
Ans. By Rubber Balloon Method
testing size?
Ans. 1) sample splitter
2) quartering
This method covers the determination of the total or wet density of soil What is the required temperature for oven drying the soil sample?
and soil aggregate in-place by the attenuation of gamma rays,
whe5r4e5t. he
gamma detector, or both, remains at or near the surface.
Ans. Nuclear Method

What are the three major groups of soil?

Ans. 1) granular 2) fine grained 3) organic

Ans. 110*C +/- 5*C


How can you determine if the soil sample is already oven dried?
Ans. dried if it reached its constant weight

How to prepare or to come up with air-dried soil sample?
What are the common laboratory test required for soil?
Ans. air dry the sample under the heat of the sun
Ans. a) sieve analysis b) plastic and liquid limit test c) compaction test
(moisture-density relation) d) CBR e) Abrasion Test (Mass percen5t48of.
If impossible to air-dry the sample under the heat of the sun
Wear) f) Unit weight g) Moisture Content
alternative should be used?
Ans. oven dry the sample at 60*C








Sample for compaction test should pass to what sieve?

How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit
Ans. method A & B use sample passing sieve #4; method C & D
device be rotated?
Ans. 2 rotations per second
use sample passing #3/4
In doing a plastic limit test, to what diameter shall the soil thread
What is the difference between T-99 and T-180 compaction test metbheogda?n to break?
Ans. 3.2 mm. (
1/8 ) Ans. T-99 uses 2.5kg.(5.5lbs.) rammer with a drop of 12 height, while T180 uses 4.54kg.(10 lbs.) rammer with a drop of 18 height
What is the formula for plastic limit?
Ans. PL = (Wa Wb)/Wb x 100
What are the particle size analysis?
Where: Wa = original wt of crumbled soil thread
Ans. It is the determination of particle size distribution in soil by sieve, Wb = wt of oven dried crumbled
soil hydrometer, or combined analysis
What is Plastic Index (PI)?
What are the other terms or particles size analysis?
Ans. It is the difference between the liquid limit and the plastic limit;
Ans. 1) sieve analysis 2) mechanical analysis 3) grading test/analysisPI = LL-PL
What is the liquid limit?
What is specific gravity?
Ans. it is the lowest moisture content at which the soil will flow upon thAens. It is a gravimetric-volumetric relationship in soils (or defined
application of a very small shearing force.
the ratio of the wt in air of an equal volume of water at a
stated temp.)
The liquid limit is expressed as the moisture content corresponding to
what number of blows?
Ans. 25 blows
What is the approximate area for density control strip?
Ans. 335 sq. m.
What test are used in soil classification?
Ans. 1) grading or sieve analysis 2) plastic and liquid
What is the maximum depth of roadway embankment per
horizontal layer in loose measurement?
Ans. 200 mm. ( 8 )
What is plastic limit?
Ans. It is the minimum moisture content at which the soil can be readily
molded without breaking or crumbling
What item of work is embankment?
Ans. Item 104
What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it deals
with chemicals?
Ans. Distilled water
What is the kind of material used for item 200?
Ans. Aggregate subbase course
Liquid limit brass cup with sample is raised allowed to drop sharply on
the base through a height of what?
What is the required particle size for selected borrow for topping
Ans. 10 mm.
under item 104 (embankment)?



Ans. All particle size will pass a sieve 75 mm. or 3 square opening andmn.oat nd an average moisture content of 8.85%?
more than 15% will pass 0.075 mm. (No. 20) AASHTO 11
Ans. % Degree of Compaction = (Dry density/Max. dry density) x 100
Where ; Dry density = Wet density/(1+MC/100)
W. et density = wt of soil filled in a hole/volume of hole
P.I. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is
% degree of compaction = {(2,335)/[1+(8.85/100)] x 100}/2,250
Ans. 6 maximum
= (2,145.15/2,250) x 100
95. .34%
L.L. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is
Ans. 30 maximum
Is the soil for No.45 passed the item 104 requirement for %
Ans. G or Grading = 2
What is the LL requirement for item 200 (aggregate subbase course)degree of compaction?
P or Plasticity = 2
passing sieve # 40?
Ans. 12 maximum
C or Compaction = 2
Coarse portion retained on sieve # 10 (2.00 mm.) of item 200 shall hDaover Density = three in-site density test/500
sq. m. a mass percent of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion test of
What are the test and number of test needed for 2,960 cu. m.
Ans. 50% maximum
Aggregate Base Course?
Ans. sand cone, jug (at least
weighing scale, oven with
The required CBR value for item 300?
plastic bags and labeling
Ans. 25% minimum (AASHTO T 180 method D)
materials (tag number)
What is the minimum percent field density or degree of compaction for
What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?
item 104 (embankment)?
Ans. inch (12.7 mm.)
Ans. 95% minimum

How many hours does a fine aggregates tested for specific

What is the minimum degree of compaction for item 200 and 250812?.
gravity and absorption be soaked in water?
Ans. 100% minimum
Ans. 15 to 19 hrs.
What is the highest point in moisture density curve of the moisture
How will you determine if the fine aggregates reaches the
density relation test or compaction test of soil represent?
Ans. It is determine by
Ans. MDD(Maximum Dry Density) and OMC (Optimum Moisture Contensta) turated surface dry condition?
the use of cone test for surface moisture and if the molded shape of
What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?
aggregate slump slightly it indicates that it has reached a surface-dry
Ans. Any clean, dry, free-flowing uncemented sand passing # 10
and retained # 200 sieves
What are the test required for concrete aggregates?
What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry denAsnitsy. 1) Fine Agg: Grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit
2,250kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole equivalent to 2,335kg/c2u) .Coarse Agg: grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt, and


Note: soundness is also tested as 5p9e4r .

What do you call a sample for concrete pavement?
Ans. Concrete beam sample

What is the maximum mass % of wear by Los Angeles
Ans. 40% maximum

How many sample should be taken for every 75 cu, m. of fresh

Ans. 3 pcs. sample or 1 set
What is the required speed of Los Angeles Abrasion Machine per minute?
Ans. 30 to 33 rpm
What do you call the sample for structural concrete?
Ans. Concrete cylinder sample
What is the size or diameter and weight of cast-iron spheres use in
Ans. Approximately 46.8 mm 5d9ia7..and What is the test use to determine the consistency of concrete?
weighing between 390-455 grams
Ans. Slump test

What is the required total wt. of sample for abrasion test of coa5r9s8e.
How to compute for the slump of concrete?
aggregate grading A with 12 number of sphere?
Ans. Slump = Ht. Of slump cone ht. Of fresh concrete after
Ans. 5,000 grams +/- 25 grams


What is the significance of abrasion test?

How to compute for the compressive strength of concrete
Ans. It evaluate the structural strength of coarse aggregates
cylinder sample?
Ans. CS = P/A
where: P
- gives an indication of quality as determined by resistance to impact an=d loads, lbs.
A = area, sq.
m. wear
- it determines whether the aggregate wAill= [rD(sq)] / 4 = 28.27 sq.
m have degradation during traffic or rolling
At what age should a concrete beam sample be tested for flexural
Quality test for cement is represented by how many bags of cementt?est?
Ans. 4 days
Ans. 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
How to compute the flexural strength for third point loading test?
What is the sieve use in sieving materials from Abrasion Machine? Ans. R = (PL)/(bxdxd) = P(18)/(6 x 6 x 6) =
Ans. Sieve # 12 (1.70 mm.)
P/12 where: R = modulus of rupture
P = Load in lbs. or tons
Testing machine should be calibrated once every six (6) months if L = span length in inches
possible but if it not possible what is the required time should the machbine= base in
inches be calibrated?
Ans. Once a ydea=r
depth in inches

What is the minimum flexural strength for third point loading

What is the percent tolerance of error in calibrating the machin6e0?2.
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)
Ans. +/- 1%


What is the minimum flexural strength for center point

4.5 Mpa (650 psi)

What is the required sample for paint?

Ans. 1 can ( gal. or pail )/100 cans (gal. or pail )


How to compute for flexural strength at center point loading? 614.

What kind of paint had reflectance in the form of beads?
Ans. R = (3PL)/(bxdxd) = 3P(18)/2x9x6x6
Ans. Reflectorized Traffic Paint

Which part of the batch for fresh concrete should the sample
What is the common components of house paint?
from a stationary mixers, revolving drum truck mixers or agitators?
Ans. pigment and vehicle
Ans. two or more regular intervals during discharge of middle portion of the
What is this construction material that is dark brown to black
cementatious material in which the predominating constituent are
What is the size of tamping rod use in sampling concrete?
Ans. 16 mm. (5/8 inches) diameter and 610 mm. (24 inches) long with tAhnes.
Asphalt tamping end rounded to a hemispherical tip of the same dia. as the rod
What asphalt is commonly called hot asphalt?
Concrete Masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to test, how many sampAleniss. Asphalt
cement required?
Ans. 6 pcs./10,000 units
12 pcs. if more
than 10,000 units
What are liquid asphalt?
Ans. Cut-back asphalt and Emulsified Asphalt
What is the use of blown asphalt or hard asphalt?
What is the strength requirement for load bearing concrete masonry
Ans. individual = 5.5 Mpa
Average(for 3 samples) = 4.14 Mpa (600 psi) minimum

Ans. Use as joint filler or water proofing

SS-1 or SS-1h is what kind of asphalt?
What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel bars?
Ans. Slow Setting Emulsified Asphalt
Ans. to determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its
elongation and is used to classify the bars into grade
What are the three (3) kinds of Emulsified Asphalt?
Ans. Rapid Setting, Medium Setting and Slow Setting
What is the required length of RSB for testing?
Ans. 1 meter/10,000 kgs./size/shipment
What asphalt contains water?
Ans. Emulsified Asphalt
What is the significance of bending test for RSB?
Ans. to evaluate the ductile properties of RSB
What is the penetration grade for blown asphalt?
Ans. 0 to 30
What is the required size of test specimen for G.I. sheets?
Ans. 60 mm. x 60 mm. ( 3pcs. from one sheet/100 sheets

What is the ideal penetration grade of asphalt use in Tropical
R6e3g5io. n?
Ans. 85 to 100 (but some uses 60 to 70)

One set (3 pcs ) concrete cylinder sample shall be taken for every
how many pieces of RCP?

Ans. 25 pcs.

Tack coat is used in an existing bituminous or concrete paveme6n3t6..
In submitting samples for testing, what particular form is
Ans. True
Ans. sample card

What is the rate of application of bituminous tack coat?

Ans. 0.2 to 0.7 liter/ sq. m.


What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat?

Ans. 1 to 2 liters/sq.m.



as a Materials Engineer of the project what is the report

accomplished every week?
Ans. Quality Control
Assurance Report


What do you call the report to be submitted at end of the month?

Ans. Monthly Materials Report

For how many hours or how long shall a bituminous prime coat left
Ans. 24 hrs.


What kind of asphalt is used as prime coat?

Ans. Cut-back asphalt (medium curing or rapid curing)


Bituminous prime coat is use to treat surface of base course.

Ans. True


How to determine the proportion of cement , water, fine

aggregates and coarse aggregates?
Ans. by means of
Concrete Design Mix
How to determine the thickness of pavement?
Ans. by means of concrete core

How to determine the asphalt content of bituminous mix?
No tack coat or prime coat shall be applied when the weather is foggAynso.r by means of extraction
test rainy.
Ans. True
In an extraction test, aside from the asphalt what other materials
What kind of asphalt is used as tack coat?
being extracted?
Ans. Aggregates or composite
Ans. cut-back asphalt (rapid curing) or emulsified asphalt
aggregates ( minerals of fine & coarse aggregates)


Where should the bituminous seal coat be used?

What is being determined in a core sample from asphalt
Ans. thickness of
Ans. on an existing bituminous surface course with or without an applicpaativoenment/
of aggregates
pavement and density of pavement


If concrete cylinder sample for RCP is not available for compres6s4io4n. testAll records regarding quality control such as
accomplishment, one (1) whole piece RCP for every 50 pcs. RCP will be submitted for quadliatyily activities, weather etc. are recorded in
Ans. Materials Log Book
Ans. True

The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-site test that meas6u5re4s.
Where do we take additional cores when the measurement
of any
Ans. depth of soil layer
core taken from the pavement is deficient in thickness by more than
25 mm?
Which of the following bituminous material is best recommended forAt no less than 5 meters intervals parallel to the centerline in each
direction from the affected location
sealing weakened plane joints?
Ans. Joint Filler Asphalt (commonly called hard asphalt)
The results of Immersion-Compression test conducted on an
The main problem associated with wrong practice of conveying concarseptehalt mix sample are as follows: Dry stability = 2,000 Kpa
Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa
is called
Ans. Segregation
What is the resulting index of retained strength? Does it meet the
The specification call for 1:2:3 concrete mix. In one bagger mixer, wshpicehcification requirement of item 310 Bituminous Concrete
Ans. Index of Retained strength = (Wet stability/Dry stability) x 100
of the following amount of water is most likely required for the
= (1,000 Kpa/2,000 Kpa) x 100
mix? Ans. 20 i\liters
= 50%
A one lane road, with a pavement width of 3.5 meters and shoulder No it does not meet the specification of item 310 since the
width of 0.5 meter on each side of the pavement, was designed to havespecification of IRS is 70% minimum while the resulting IRS is only
subbase and base courses with a combined thickness of 300 mm. If the 50%
thickness of the subbase is a 125 mm. the spreading and compaction of the
Quality Control testing in a DPWH project is the responsibility of
subbase and base course shall be carried out in
Ans. DPWH and Contractors
Ans. 3 layer over the full width of 4.5 m.
Materials Engineers
as Material Engineer, what is the area of trial section that you would
As Material Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling and
recommend to check the suitability of the materials and
equipment to be used for item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface coursete? sting aggregates of the course materials?
Ans. before the course materials be incorporated in the project
Ans. about 500 sq. m.
Per program of work, the estimated volume of item 201
The spot test on asphalt is used to determine what?
7,500 cu. m. How many grading and plasticity test are required based oAnns. overheating during
manufacture the DPWH minimum testing requirements?
Ans. 25 grading and 25
Under what climatic condition(s) do we use the lower penetration
grades or hard asphalt?
Ans. hot climate
Bituminous concrete mixes contain asphalt by weight equivalent to
Sampling of the freshly mixed concrete should be taken on the
Ans. 5 to 8%
batch discharge of the transit mixer.
Quality of factory-produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best Ans. middle
established through what?
Ans. Test of concrete pipe samples








Soft and unstable soils were encountered during the course of 6su7b0g. radesample from compacted bituminous mix shall be
neatly cut by preparation. If you were the Materials Engineer assigned to the project, swahwator core drill. Each sample shall be at least
is the most effective and cheaper method that you would recommend toAns. 150 mm. x 150 mm. or 100mm diameter full depth
stabilized the soil prior to the construction of the subbase course?
Ans. Geotextiles
For surface tolerance the surface (bituminous mix) will be check
by the use of a
at sites selected by the Engineer.
How many times per layer should a concrete specimen molded in a Ans. 3 meter straight edge
6x6x21 beam mold be rodded?
Ans. 63 times
What is the sample requirement for paving concrete for every 75
cu. m. or fraction thereof?
Ans. One (1) set (consisting of 3
What is the basis for acceptance or rejection of any construction
pcs.) concrete beam sample
Ans. Materials Test Report
In testing bituminous mix sample for Immersion-Compression
In testing concrete cylinder sample the load applied should be
Stability the sample is soaked in water bath for
continuous without shock at a constant rate within the range of
Apenrs. four (4)
Ans. 0.14 to 0.34
Mpa per second or 20 to 50 psi per second
Given: Wt. of dry aggregate = 950 grams
Wt. of asphalt
= 50 grams
During the application of the first half of the anticipated load a
What is the total % of asphalt weight of total mix
rate of loading shall be permitted.
Ans. Wt. of total mix = wt. of dry agg. + wt. of asphalt
Ans. higher rate
= 950 + 50 = 1,000 grams
therefore: (50grams/1,000grams) x 100 = 5%
Initial rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a
Ans. Pneumatic Tire Roller
Does the percent asphalt in problem above meet the
required specification for percent asphalt in bituminous mixes?
Final rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a
roAllenrs.. yes, because standard specification for percent asphalt in
Ans. 3-wheel or Tandem type steel wheel
bituminous mixes is 5 to 8%
Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discounted whenever it begi6ns76to.

If the actual percent asphalt in the problem above is 5% and

percent asphalt in a job-mix 5.6% did it pass the required tolerance?

Ans. No,
because the required tolerance for % asphalt in a job-mix formula is
Final rolling shall be continued until roller marks are eliminated and +a /0.4%
minimum of
mass percent of the density of the laboratory compacted
Which is not the duty or responsibility of Materials Engineer?
specimens prepared in accordance with AASHTO T160 has been
ob6t7a7in. ed.
Ans. quantity of construction materials
Ans. 95 mass percent
produce excessive
Ans. pulverizing of the aggregate or displacement of the mixture


Which is the duty or responsibility of a Materials engineer?

Ans. quality of construction materials

Problem regarding quality of construction materials shall be
directly by the contractors Materials Engineer to the
Ans. DPWH Materials Engineer


What is the percent weight of asphalt in the bituminous mixture?

Ans. 5 to 8%
How can we establish the exact percentage to be used in the
bituminous mixture?

Ans. Job-mix formula

What are the two types of bitumen that are commonly used in
How many concrete cylinder is required for a 3,000 pcs. reinforced bituminous concrete surface course?
concrete pipe culvert?
Ans. 120 sets (consisting of 3 pcs. concreAtens. 1) Tar- is viscous liquid obtained from distillation of coal or
cylinder per set)
2) Petroleum Asphalt are the
product of the distillation of crude oil
If the concrete cylinder is not available for a 3,000 pcs. culvert pipes,
how many pipes shall be subjected to test?
What are the three major petroleum asphalt product?
Ans. 60 pcs. culvert pipes
Ans. 1) Asphalt cement produced in various viscosity grade, the
most common penetration grade are, 200/300, 120/150, 85/100,
What kind of test that requires calibrated sand in filling the hole in o4r0d/e5r0
Cut-back asphalt are asphalt mixed with solvents to reduce their
to determine the volume of hole?
3) Emulsified Asphalt are mixture of
Ans. Field Density Test (FDT)
asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent
What do you call the test using a rammer and a mold?
What are the solvents for cut back asphalt?
Ans. Moisture Density Relation Test or Compaction Test
Ans. 1) gasoline for rapid curing type
2) kerosene for medium curing type
What kind of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 to 30 mm.?
3) diesel fuel for slow curing type
Ans. Blown Asphalt

Emulsified asphalt are either

If there is a necessary to add water to the concrete mix in orde6r9t2o.
increase is workability (provided concrete does not exceed specified sluAmnps)..1) cationic emulsion which work better with wet agg. And
2) anionic emulsion
How many minutes after the initial of the mixing does adding of water bceold weather
which permitted? better to agg. Which have positive charges
not exceeding 45 minutes and that water cement ratio is not exceeded
What is the bituminous material commonly used in item 310?
What is the percent weight of aggregates (coarse, fine and mineral fAilnlesr.) Asphalt cement (AC)
in the mixture of bituminous concrete surface coarse?
What greatly influence the service of an asphalt pavement?
Ans. 92 to 95%
Ans. grade and quantity of asphalt


What influence primarily the grade of asphalt selected?

Ans. Climatic condition


The lower penetration grade or hard asphalt is used in

Ans. hot climate


What is the Index of Retained Strength of the mixture?

Ans. 70%

What is the most commonly used method in the design and

evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes?
Ans. Marshall Stability Method
The higher penetration grade or softer asphalt is used in
Ans. cold climate
The quality control test for asphalt mix are the following:
How many weeks does a producer of asphalt mix or the contractor s1h)alIlmmersion-Compression Test determines the index of
strength of the mix
2) Extraction
submit the job-mix formula?
and Grading Test determines the asphalt content and particles size
Ans. three (3) weeks prior to production
distribution of coarse and fine aggregates
3) Laboratory density test determines the degree of compaction
Who will approved the job mix formula?
Ans. DPWH Project Engineer and Materials Engineer
What is the correct temperature that the mixture shall be placed
in the truck just prior to dumping into the spreader?
The job-mix formula contains provisions on the following:
Ans. 1) grading
2) percentage and type of asphalt 3) temp. of agg. anAdns. 107*C
4) temp. of mixture upon delivery or at time of
When tar is used, what is the temperature that the mixture shall
be placed?
Ans. 66*C to 107*C
What is the primary quality control mechanism for the production of
asphalt mixture?
Ans. Job-mix formula which shall c7o0n9f.orm When shall the compaction be done in order to attain the
Ans. when the mixture
to the following ranges of tolerance:
Passing No. 4 arnedquired density?
still hot and workable
larger sieves +/- 7%
Passing No. 8 to No. 100 sieves +/- 4%
How to determine the number of passes that would attain the
Passing No. 200
+/- 2%
Bituminous Materials
+/- 0.4%
required density?
Ans. trial section
Temperature of mixture
+/- 10*C
What control during the mixing and compaction is of great
What is the minimum dry compressive strength of the mixture?
significance in the strength of the resulting pavement?
Ans. 1.4 Mpa (200 psi)
Ans. temperature

7 05.

The mixture shall have a mass percent air voids with the range7o1f2.
What kind of roller should be used for the initial or breakdown
Ans. 3.0% - 5%
Ans. Pneumatic smooth
wheeled roller (not less than 10 tons)


What is the speed of the roller?

Ans. 5 km/hr


How is the rolling be done?

Ans. It should begin from the side and proceed longitudinally para7ll2e5l .
What is the compressive strength of the PCCP when rested
at 14 toward the road centerline, each trip overlapping one half the rollers wi dtahys?
Ans. 24.1 Mpa (3500


After the final rolling what should be checked?

Ans. degree of compaction



What is the strength requirement (flexural strength) of a concrete

when tested by third point loading method?
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)

What is the slump of a workable concrete if not vibrated?

Ans. 40 75 mm, when vibrated the slump is 10 to 40 mm


The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to or grea7t2e7r .than What kind of form used in item 311?
Ans. 97% of the laboratory compacted denAsnisty. steel forms and a depth equal to the thickness of the
When is the traffic be permitted to enter the pavement?
How long shall the forms remain undisturbed after concrete
Ans. when the pavement has cooled to atmospheric temperature
Ans. 24 hrs.



How many samples shall be taken for each full days operation?729.
What is the difference between item 504 and item 505?
Ans. at least one but not more than three (3) core
Ans. placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement and fine
What is the dimension of the samples taken full depth from the finish
pavement for thickness determination?
What is the ratio of fine aggregates to number of bags of cement
Ans. 150 mm. or 100 mm diameter
for grout in item 504 and 505?
Ans. for item 504 its one part
cement to three part fine sand (1:3)
How is the sample taken from the finished pavement?
for item 505 its one part cement to two parts fine sand (1:2)
Ans. by means of core drill or saw
Penetration and ductility test of asphalt are done in
How is the surface level of the finished pavement being check?
a) 60*C
Ans. by the use of 3 meters straight edge
b) 25*C
c) 50*C
d) 10*C
The variation of the surface from the testing edge of the straight
This is the most fluidest and lightest of all the grade of Medium
between contacts with the surface shall not exceed
Curing Cut-back Asphalt.
a) MC 30
b) MC
Ans. 6 mm.
What determine the thickness and density of compacted asphalt
MC 800
d) MC 300
Ans. core test


The only kind of asphalt that can be used in all bituminous item74o1f .work.Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with
a) Asphalt Cement
b) Cut-back Asphalt
Ans. asphalt or other materials
c) Emulsified Asphalt
d) All of the above
What is the metal device that are used as a load transfer device
Retempering of concrete or mortar, which has partially hardened, wihlleblde in a position parallel to the surface and centerline of the
slab of
permitted with the addition of cement, aggregate or water.
a) yes
b) no
Ans. dowels
c) it depends on the condition of concrete
d) check the slump
To protect dowel from corrosion and to facilitate sliding in
What is the minimum number of representative cores that shall be tcaoknecnrete, it shall be coated with
. from each member area of concrete in place that is considered deficientA?ns. thin film of bitumen
a) 3 cores
b) 4 cores
c) 5 cores
d) core must be taken at 5 meter
The surface of the pavement shall be roughened by means of
backward & forward of the designed sta.
Ans. brooming

the strength level of concrete will be considered satisfactory if 7th4e5.

What is the depth of corrugation produce by brooming in
the average of all sets of three consecutive strength test result equal or excseuerdface of the pavement?
Ans. 1.5 mm.
the specified strength and no individual strength test result is deficient by
more than how many percent?
74a6) .25% The surface of the newly placed concrete when it is sufficiently
b) 20%
c) 15%set shall be cured for a period of
d) 10%
Ans. 72 hrs.


The curing of the pavement are done on the following:


1) by covering the concrete with mats saturated with water
2) thoroughly wetting the pavement
3) by ponding
4) by applying curing compound after finishing of the surface

For major interchanges and busy intersection, PCCP will be

allo7w4e7d. to
open on the ----------- to minimize occurrence of road congestion.
a) 14th day
b) 10th day
c) 12 day
d) 7th day


The width of the weaken plane joint is

Ans. not more than 6 mm.

When is the right time to saw the weaken plane joint?

Ans. within 24 hrs. as soon as concrete has hardened sufficiently


When the right time is the joint be sealed?

Ans. after the curing period or before it is opened to traffic

What is item 504 in DPWH specification?
What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior to the t imnse. Grouted
Riprap of sawing?
Ans. sawing shall be omitted


What is item 505 in DPWH specifications?

Ans. Stone Masonry

15 days
c) 21 days

b) 10 days
d) 7 days


This is the empirical indicator of the clay fraction of a binder material in

a stabilized soil mixture.
a) Group Index
b) Liquid Limit
c) Plasticity Index
d) Plastic Limit


When water is added to the mixture to bring the slump within required
limit, it shall be injected into the mixer under such pressure and direction of
flow that the requirement for uniformity and desired slump of concrete are
met. The drum shall be turned on additional
revolution or more.
a) 10 revolutions
b) 45 revolutions
c) 30 revolutions
d) 15 revolutions


Job-mix formula submitted for approval shall propose definite single

values for, except
a) % of aggregate passing each specified
b) temperature
of the mixture delivered on the road
c) Percent of bituminous materials to be added
d) mixing time of the mixture in the batching plant


For small contract project of the DPWH located in remote areas where
the quality of cement to be used is too small and where there are no
accessible testing laboratory to check the quality of materials, exception in
the requirements for performance of laboratory test in cement prior to use
may be allowed provided that the trial mixes be done for every
a) deformation characteristic of soil
b) Engineering properties of the underlying soils
c) Arrangement of soil strata
d) Field Density of soil


How many days shall the Engineer be notified in advance of the date
that the treating process will be performed in order that the untreated
lumber, the treatment process and the finished treatment timber may all be