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# Statistics Assignment

## Working with Box-and-Whisker Plots

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1. The data below shows the number of raisins in each of 14 boxes (1/2 oz.) of three
different brands of raisins: (8 points)
Sun Tyrant:
Sun Acrid:
Laminatekist:

25, 28, 25, 28, 29, 24, 28, 24, 24, 28, 30, 24, 22, 27
29, 31, 29, 26, 28, 22, 25, 29, 29, 27, 28, 23, 26, 29
25, 26, 26, 26, 26, 28, 27, 26, 25, 28, 24, 28, 27, 25

A. Compute the median, lower and upper quartiles, and interquartile range for
each data set.
NOTE: We are using the following definitions in this Assignment and course:
when there's an odd number of observations in a group, the median is the
middle number. When there's an even number of observations in a group, the
median is (n+1)/2. The Interquartile Range, IQR, is Q3 Q1, where Q3 is the
median number of the top 50% and Q1 is the median of the bottom 50% of
scores. (We are not using fences.)
B. Construct three different modified box-and-whisker plots and place them on
the same horizontal axis, labeling the axes, and labeling Q1, Q3, the median
and the mean on the boxes.
C. What conclusions can you make about the shape of the distributions by looking
at the three box plots? Are the distributions symmetric or skewed in one
D. For which brand are you more likely to end up with a box with a fewer raisins?
2. Here is a set of data of college GPAs from a sample of students who completed an AP
course in statistics in their senior year at a fictional high school: (9 points)
3.8, 3.8, 3.9, 3.9, 3.5, 3.5, 3.0, 3.5, 3.8, 4.0, 3.5, 2.5, 2.4, 1.9, 4.0, 3.8, 3.7, 3.5, 3.9,
3.2
A. Construct a histogram of the GPA data using a class width of 0.3, and a
minimum x-value of 1.9, and be sure to label both axes.
B. Construct a modified box-and-whisker plot using the GPA data and report the
values of the five-number summary, labeling the axes, and labeling Q1, Q3, the
median and the mean on the boxes.
C. Describe the shape of the distribution of GPAs in terms of symmetry (is it
skewed?) and outliers. Use evidence from the two types of plots to support

Statistics Assignment
Working with Box-and-Whisker Plots

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3. The Houses of Parliament in Ghyronmia (a hypothetical small country) have two political
parties: the Purple Party and the Chartreuse Party. Twenty different tax cut bills came
up in the most recent Parliamentary session. If senators voted yes, they were in support
of a tax cut. The number of times (out of a possible 20) each senator voted yes is shown
below: (8 points)
Number of times senators from each party voted yes to a tax cut bill:
Purple: 17, 18, 20, 15, 12, 15, 17, 19, 20, 17, 20, 18, 15, 9, 14, 16, 17, 14, 3, 15
Chartreuse: 11, 13, 12, 9, 17, 11, 10, 14, 7, 8, 8, 11, 12, 12, 13, 12, 14, 10, 10, 10
A. Construct modified box-and-whisker plots for each data set on the same
horizontal axis. Please indicate the values of Q1, median, and Q3 on the
different plots.
B. Compute the IQR for each data set.
C. Compare the shapes of the two distributions (skew and outliers) and the
amount of variation in the distributions. What do these plots tell you about the
policies of Chartreuse and Purples in this particular state during this particular
legislative session? What do the outliers tell you about the behavior of a few of
the senators?

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