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ABS/HT ABS PIPE, FITTING AND VALVE

presented by

Foursquare Technology Company Limited

INVIGOR INCORPORATION is Thailands leading manufacturer of ABS pipe and accessories since 1999. Invigor takes
nearly one fifth of the energy to produce compared with
metals products that has directly reducing in the gas
emissions. From its first day of operation, Invigor has
revolutionized the piping industry with superior quality and
long service life of ABS piping system in Thailand and ASEAN.
To ensure full satisfaction and confident of our customers,
Invigor commited to provide compatible series of pipe, fittings
and accessories that have maintained the production quality
level at all times. The smartly-designed components have endowed Invigor piping system to be adaptable in many environments
to meet the need of our customers. Invigor is also certified under ISO 9001:2008 Standard since October 20, 2009 and TIS
2357-2550. The products are now widely applied in fields of Central Air-conditioning System (including Chiller Water and
Cooling Tower System), Drinking Water Supply System and etc. Our customers are typically Hospitals, Universities, varies
Industrial Zones, State Enterprises, Commercial Buildings and Organizations.

COMPANY MISSION
INVIGOR is committed to provide high quality grade products
and associated value-added services with competitive pricing, on-time delivery and professional technical service and
support to meet our customers expectations.

COMPANY VISION
From the improvement of the health of our next generation of people, INVIGOR intend to be a partner to supply our customer
with clean quality drinking water for consumption.

ISO 15493:2003 (E) Plastics piping systems for industrial application - Acrylonitrile - Butadiene - Styrene (ABS)
Specification for components and the system - Metric series.
ISO 9001:2008

Certificate No. TH09000562

TIS 2357-2550

Acrylonitrile - Butadiene - Styrene (ABS) Pressure Pipe Under License No. (3) 2003-1/2537

ABS Material
INTRODUCTION

THE MATERIAL

Because of unique balance of properties, modern ABS materials are being used on an ever increasing scale for the manufacture of many industrial and domestic products. The material is very tough, elastic, has high impact strength, good
chemical resistance and non toxic. These advantageous properties have attracted engineers in any industries to use ABS
piping systems rather than traditional materials, which do no
have these distinctive benefits.
ABS piping systems are replacing many existing piping system which made from other inferior materials.
The Invigor ABS system comprises a range of matched pressure piping and fittings, joined together by a wide variety of
methods including cold solvent cement welding or our rubber
ring joint system.

Acrylonitrile - Butadiene - Styrene (ABS)


identifies a family of engineering thermoplastics with a wide
range of performance characteristics. This engineering thermoplastic material is alloyed to provide the optimum balance
of properties suited to the selected end user.
ACRYLONITRILE - ageing resistance, heat resistance and
chemical resistance.
BUTADIENE - high impact strength and low temperature property retention.
STYRENE - luster, mould ability and rigidity.

A
Acrylonitrile
Ageing Resistance

CH2 =CH
CN

Heat Resistance
Chemical Resistance

B
Butadiene

ABS

S
Styrene

Low temperature

Luster

property retention

Mouldability

High impact strength

Rigidity

H H

HC=CH2

H2C=C - C=CH2

APPLICATIONS
1. Water supply and drainage piping system.

7. Fluid treatment.

2. Pipeline for transporting the Drinking water.

8. Electrical piping system.

3. Air conditioning piping system.

9. Piping system for swimming pool.

4. Cooling water and condenser piping system.

10. Pipeline for transporting liquid food.

5. Pipeline for transporting the sea water.

11. Piping system for environmental system.

6. Sewage piping system.

12. Chilled water piping system.

MATERIAL PROPERTIES
The outstanding properties of ABS are:

5. Energy Preservation

1. Corrosion Resistance

The heat conduction factor of the ABS plastic pipe is 1/200 of


the ordinary iron pipe. That is to say, the energy loss of the
ABS pipe is 200 times less than the iron pipe. In this condition,
the product can save tremendous cost in energy preservation.

The ABS pipe is made of high - molecular polymer with characteristics of corrosion resistance. The pipe shall not change
the properties of its substance under any circumstance. Moreover, painting is not necessary thus easy maintenance.

6. High Fluidity

2. Impact Resistance
In the low temperature condition, the ABS pipe can bear the
strong stroke without breaking off.
3. Pressure Resistance

The ABS pipe has a lustrous inner wall surface where it gets
no stains. As a result, it is able to speed up the flow of fluid
inside the pipe.
7. Non - toxicity

At 23 2 C, the ABS PN10 pipe under the continuous


2
working pressure of 38 kg/cm can stand for one hour without breaking off, changing shape, and leak. (Short-term hydrostatics test follows BS Standard)

The ABS pipe contains no heavy metal stabilizer. Therefore,


no toxic heavy metal shall ooze out from the pipe to pollute
the water.
8. Light Weight

4. Wide Range of working temperature


The ABS pipe can withstand a wide range of working temperature between - 30 C ~ + 70 C

The weight of the ABS pipe is about 1/8 of that of the iron
pipe and 5/6 of the PVC pipe. It is easy to assemble and transport. It is therefore able to save the time and cost of the
installation.
9. Long Life Span
In normal working environment, the ABS pipe can remain in
perfect condition for at least 50 years.

Prope rty *

R e fe r e n c e Te m p e r a t u r e

S . I. U n it

O t h e r Un it s

U ltim a te te n s ile s tr e n g th ( s tr a in r a te 5 0
m m / m in ) A S T M D 6 3 8 T y p e I

20C

40 M Pa

5 8 0 0 lb f/ in 2

E lo n g a tio n a t b r e a k

20C

50%

50%

In s ta n ta n e o u s F le x u r a l m o d u lu s

20C

2200 M Pa

3 1 9 0 7 2 lb f/ in 2

C o m p r e s s iv e s tr e n g th

20C

42 M Pa

6 1 0 0 lb f/ in 2

Iz o d im p a c t s tr e n g th ( n o tc h e d ) A S T M
D 2 5 6 ( m e th o d A )

23C

3 4 0 J / m n o tc h

6 . 4 ft lb / in n o tc h

S p e c ific g r a v ity
V ic a t s o fte n in g p o in t A S T M D 1 5 2 5

1 .0 5 x 1 0 3 kg /m

6 5 . 5 x 1 0 - 3 lb / f t 3

95C

20 3F

C o e f fic ie n t o f th e r m a l e x p a n s io n

1 0 . 1 x 1 0 -5 m / m C

5 . 6 x 1 0 - 5 f t/ ft F

M a x im u m o p e r a tin g te m p e r a tu r e

70C

15 8F

P o is s o n 's r a tio

0 .3 5

T h e r m a l c o n d u c tiv ity
S e lf ig n itio n te m p e r a tu r e

0 .2 W /m C

1 . 3 B T U / f t 2 / in / F

540C

1004F

Property *

Reference Temperature

S.I. Unit

Other Units

1.47 KJ / Kgo C

Specific heat
Volume resistivity

0.35 BTU/lbm/F

3 . 5 x 10

16

cm.

3.20 @ 60 Hz
3.12 @ 103 Hz

Dielectric constant

2.90 @ 106 Hz
* Test pieces machined from moulded specimens yield to above mentioned typical properties

IMPACT STRENGTH

ABS is unique in retaining high levels of impact strength at


sub zero temperatures and is significantly superior to most
of the other material used in pie systems. The graph shows
the relatively small reduction in impact strength of ABS between 20 C and 0 C compared with other thermoplastic
material.

ABS is a ductile material and mode of failure resembles that


of soft copper. Failure is by ductile distortion tearing the localized nature minimizing the loss of pipe contents. In contrast,
crack propagation and hazardous material fragmentation accompany the failure of brittle material.
25

20

Impact Energy (Kgm)

ABS is relatively ductile thermoplastics, which exhibits very


high impact strength compared to other thermoplastics material particularly at low temperatures. It is for this reason ABS
is used in demanding applications requiring exceptionally high
impact strength material such as construction site safety helmets.
As part of the INVIGOR quality assurance programs, sample
lengths of pipe are routinely impact test at 0 C as required
by: BS 5391 part 1 : 1976 for ABS pressure pipe.

PVC @ 20o C
ABS @ 0o C
ABS @ 20o C

15

10

20

32

50

Pipe size (m.m.)

100

THERMAL EXPANSION
mild steel

All thermoplastics expand at a greater rate than metals as


shown in diagram above. Expansion need not cause undue
concern in design or installation of an ABS piping system provided that due recognition is taken at the design stage. The
reduced flexural modulus of ABS over that of steel results in
reduced loads on supports and equipment arising from thermal strains. The linear of thermal expansion of ABS is 10.1 x
-5
10 m/m C

Thermal expansion

Typical 18/8 Stainless steel

copper

UPVC

ABS

PP

HDPE

10

11

12

13

14

15

Coefficient of expansion (x10-5) m/moC

TOXICITY AND TAINT


ABS pipe is free from heavy metal stabilizer such as lead which is often used in the processing of other thermoplastic materials.
Therefore, there is no possibility of any toxic heavy metals substances being leached from the ABS pipe material into the fluid
being conveyed by the pipe.
INVIGOR ABS pipe and fitting complies with BS 5391 Part 1 : 1976, BS 5392 Part 1 : 1976 and ISO 15493 : 2003 and has been
safely used for many years with drinking water, first grade distilled water for medical use, and many foods and beverages. ABS
pipe is regarded as taint free and has been used for conveying drinking water, beer, soft drink, caramel, wine, sauces,
chocolate, custard cream and other similar products. It is recommended that food and drink manufacturers test for taste
tainting on their own product before installation commences.

RIGIDITY AND STIFFNESS


ABS is classified as a rigid thermoplastic over its working temperature range - 30 C to + 70 C. With increased temperature,
pipe rigidity decreases thus necessitating more frequent support.

WEATHERING
INVIGOR ABS piping systems are suitable for external installation under extreme conditions without additional surface protection. When ABS products are exposed to the weather, they
will suffer some minor degradation of the exposed surface.
The degradation results in a reduction of surface gloss, and
shift in surface colour to light grey. The degradation is confined to the exposed surface only. The effect of long term
exposure to sunlight over prolonged periods has minimal effect on the physical properties of ABS system. Because of the
relatively high flexural modulus of ABS, the stresses induced
in a component while in service result in smaller strains, therefore minimizing the possibility of environmental stress cracking of the exposed surface.
This resistance to failure is further improved by the inherently high impact strength of ABS, particularly at low temperatures, and
the ability of the polymer to withstand long term heat exposure with little to physical properties.

CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
The information given on the following pages is based on the recommendations of the manufacturers of the material, field
experience and subsequent test by INVIGOR. The chemical resistance information has been obtained from numerous sources
and it is primarily based on plastic material test specimens that have been immersed in the chemical (not combination of
chemicals) and on field experience. Under no circumstances is to be assumed that a mixture of individually acceptable chemicals
may be safely used with ABS or any other products.

The effect of the combination of chemicals on the ABS components has to be assessed in conjunction with other factors that
have a significant impact upon the life cycle of the system, i.e., temperature, internal pressure, flexural stresses, cyclic load, etc.
Any chemical attack is increased when temperature or stress are increased or when temperature or stress are varied. It is the
design engineers responsibility to assess the materials and the exposure under such conditions. Specific data on industrial
chemical applications of ABS can be given by the Invigor organization.

CHEMICAL

FORMULA

WORKING
TEMPERATURE

CHEMICAL

20oC

40oC

60oC

CH3CONH2 (5%)

Benzene

CH3COOH (0~10%)

CH3COOH (10~20%)

CH3COOH (>20%)

Acetone

CH3COCH3

Acetyl Chloride

FORMULA

WORKING
TEMPERATURE
20oC

40oC

60oC

C 6H6

Benzoic Acid

B6H5COOH

Boric Acid

H3BO3

Brake Fluids

Brine

NaCl . H2O (Saturated)

CH3COCl

Bromine (Gas + Liquid)

Br2

Allyl

CH2=CHCH2OH

Bromic Acid

BrBO3

Amyl

CH3(CH2)3CH2OH

Butane Gas

C4H10

Alum

AL2(SO4)3K2SO4 . H2O

Butyric Acid

C 3H7COOH (20% aq.)

Aluminium Chloride

AlCl3

Carbon Dioxide

CO2 (40% aq. soln.)

Aluminum Sulphate

Al2(SO4)3

Carbon Disulphide

CS2 (95% aq. soln.)

Ammonia Solution

NH4OH (35%)

Carbon Monoxide

CO

Ammonium Carbonate

(NH4)2CO3

Carbon Tetrachloride

CCl4

Ammonium Molybdate

(NH4)6Mo7O24 . 4H2O

Castor Oil

Ammonium Nitrate

NH4NO3

Cl2 (aq. soln.)

Ammonium Sulphate

(NH4)2SO4

Cl2 (Gas Dry)

Ammonium Thiocyanate

NH4SCN

Cl2 (Wet)

Amyl Acetate

CH3COO(CH2)4CH3

Chlorobenzene

C 6H5Cl

Aniline

C6H5NH2

Chloroform

CHCl3

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Citric Acid

H3C 6H5O7 . H2O

Benzyl

C6H5CH2OH

CrO3+H2O (0~10%)

Butyl (Butanol)

CH3(CH2)2CH2OH

CrO3+H2O (25%)

Barium Bromide

BaBr2

Copper Chloride

CuCl2

Barium Carbonate

BaCO3

Copper Fluoride

CuF2

Barium Chloride

BaCl2

Copper Sulphate

CuSO4

Barium Hydroxide

Ba(OH)2

Cresols

C6H4OHCH3

Battery Acid

H2SO4

Creosote

Acetamide

Acetic Acid

Remarks:

Chlorine

Chromic Acid

: RESISTANT

: CONDITIONAL RESISTANCE

x : NOT RECOMMENDED

- : INDETERMINATION (NOT TEST)

** Chemicals do not show in this table, please contact Invigor for more information **

CHEMICAL

FORMULA

WORKING
TEMPERATURE
20oC

40oC

60oC

CHEMICAL

FORMULA

WORKING
TEMPERATURE
20oC

40oC

60oC

H2O2 (1%)

H2O2 (3%)

Cyclohexane

C6H12

Detergents

Dextrose

C 6H12O6H12

H2O2 (5%)

Dichloroethane

CH2ClCH2Cl

H2O2 (10% 30 vol)

Dichloromethane

CHCl2

Iodine Solution in Kl

I2

Diethylamine

(C 2H5)2NH

Diethyl Ether

C2H5OC2H5

Isopropyl

(CH3)2CHOH

Ethylene Glycol

HOCH2CH2OH

Kerosene

CH3CH2OH (40%)

Ketones

CH3CH2OH (95%)

Lanolin

Ferric Chloride

FeCl3

Lead Acetate

Pb(CH3OO)2

Ferric Nitrate

Fe(NO3)3

Linseed Oil

Ferrous Chloride

FeCl2

Mesityl Oxide

(CH3)2C=CHCOCH3

Ferrous Sulphate

FeSO4 (40% aq.)

Methyl Cyclohexanone

C6H9CH3O

Formaldehyde (Formalin)

HCHO + H2O (10%)

Methyl Ethyl Ketone

CH3COCH2CH3

Formic Acid

HCOOH (3%)

Methyl Methacrylate

CH2C(CH3)COOCH3

Freon

Methyl (Methanol)

Fruit Juices

Methylated Spirits

Furfuryl

C 4H3OCH2OH

Methane

CH4

Gelatine

Methoxyethanol

CH3OCH2CH2OH

Glucose

C 6H12O6

Methyl Acetate

CH3OCH2OH

Glycerine

HOCH2- CHOH-CH2OH

Milk

Hydrofluorosillicic Acid

H2SiF6

Molasses

(Commercial)

HCl (0~10%)

Nickel Sulphate

NiSO4 (1%)

HCl (10~30%)

HCl (37%)

Nitrogen

N2

HF (0~10%)

HNO3 (1%)

HF (10~20%)

HNO3 (5%)

HF (20%+)

HNO3 (20%)

H2

C 8H17CO=CH-

Ethyl (Ethanol)

Hydrochloric Acid

Hydrofluoric Acid

Hydrogen
Remarks:

Hydrogen Peroxide

Nitric Acid

Oleic Acid

: RESISTANT

: CONDITIONAL RESISTANCE

x : NOT RECOMMENDED

- : INDETERMINATION (NOT TEST)

** Chemicals do not show in this table, please contact Invigor for more information **

CHEMICAL

FORMULA

WORKING
TEMPERATURE
20oC

40oC

60oC

CHEMICAL

FORMULA

WORKING
TEMPERATURE
20oC

40oC

60oC

Oxalic Acid

HO2CCO2H

Sodium Persulphate

Na2S2O8

Oxygen

O2

Sodium Phosphate

Na4P2O7

O2 (20PPM Solution)

Sodium Salicylate

NaC 7H5O3

O2 (Saturated Solution)

Sodium Sulphate

Na2SO4

O2 (Gaseous)

Sodium Sulphite

Na2SO3

Petrol

Sodium Sulphide

Na2S

Phenol

C 6H5OH

Vegetable Oils

Propane

C 3H8

Vinegar

Pyridine

C5H5N (Trace)

Sodium Silicate

NaSiOI39 . H2O

Stannic Chloride

SnCl4

Sodium Thiosulphate

NaS2O4

Ozone

Soap solutions
(Aqueous)
Sodium Acetates

Na(CH3COO)

Stannoous Chloride

SnCl2

Sodium Borate

Na2B4O7

Sulphur Dioxide (Gas)

SO2

S odium H y drogen C arbonate

NaHCO3

H2SO4 (<30%)

S odium H y drogen S ulphate

NaHSO4

H2SO4 (30~50%)

S odium H y drogen S ulphite

NaHSO3

H2SO4 (>50%)

Sodium Chromate

Na2CrO4

Toluene

C6H5CH3

Sodium Cyanide

NaCN

Triethylene Glycol

C 6H14O4

Sodium Ferrocyanide

Na4Fe(CN)4

Trichloroethylene

Cl2C=CHCl3

Sodium Fluoride

NaF

Triethanolamine

N(CH2CH2OH)3

Sodium Carbonate

NaCO3

Trichlorobenzene

C 6H3Cl3

Sodium Chlorate

NaClO3

Turpentine

Sodium Chloride

NaCl

Urine

Sodium Hydroxide

NaOH (Saturated)

Uric Acid

CO(NH)2COC 2CO(NH)2

Sodium Hypochlorite

NaOCl (>3% available


chlorine)

Water

H2O

Sodium Iodide

NaI

Wines

Sodium Nitrate

NaNO3

Xylene

C 6H4(CH3)4

Sodium Peroxide

Na2O2

Zinc Orthophosphate

Zn3(PO4)2

Sodium Permanganate

NaMnO4

Zinc Stearate

Zn(C 18H35O2)2

Remarks:

Sulphuric Acid

: RESISTANT

: CONDITIONAL RESISTANCE

x : NOT RECOMMENDED

- : INDETERMINATION (NOT TEST)

** Chemicals do not show in this table, please contact Invigor for more information **

DESIGN INTRODUCTION
Thermoplastic pressure piping systems show considerable cost
savings compared with traditional materials, particularly when
chemical resistance, external coating, internal lining, resilience
and installation time is taken into account. The modern engineer sees the many advantages that ABS systems bring to the
end user. In applying design principles to the specific criteria
of thermoplastic materials the engineer can take advantage
of the database of case histories, modern industry standards
and use the physical properties of the material.

SYSTEM SELECTION CRITERIA

A basic process specification for the piping system should be


engineered. In many cases this can be a very informal study,
but where the application of service is of a more critical nature, this should involve some careful research into the exact
or anticipated process conditions.
Some points to be considered are:
- Operating temperature and pressure
- Composition of piping system
- Assumption of system design
- Design to accommodate thermal expansion
- External conditions

From this informations the following decision may be made:


- Pipe material to be used
- Diameter, pressure class and stiffness of pipe to be used
- Jointing system, e.g., cold solvent cement welding. Rubber ring joints. Flanges, etc.
- Supporting arrangements for pipes and valves
- Trench design
- Route details

VALVE SELECTION CRITERIA


The table below will assist with the selection of suitable thermoplastic valves.

Ball -

Butterfly -

Size range

20 mm. - 110 mm.

63 mm. - 200 mm.

Clean liquid

Good

Good

Refer to Invigor

Refer to Invigor

Off / On

Moderate

Position indicator

Yes

Yes

Vacuum proof

Yes

Yes

Good

Good

EPDM / PTFE

EPDM

Slurry
Flow control

Pressure surge behavior


Sealing materials
o

Max. pressure range @ 20 C


Suitable for electric or pneumatic actuator
End connection

10 kg/cm

10 kg/cm

Yes

Yes

Socket, Thread

Wafer style

PRESSURE/TEMPERATURE DERATING
All thermoplastic piping system pressure ratings apply at the standard mid - wall temperature of 20 C. Where system are
required to operate at higher continuous mid - wall temperatures, pressure ratings must be adjusted in accordance with the
following graph. The pressure values for up to 50 C are for 50 years design life, whereas for 60 C and 70 C for 25 years
design life and 10 years design life respectively.

PRESSURE LOSS CALCULATION PROCEDURE


Pressure drops due to friction may be determined for practical purposes using nomograms (flow charts). Absolute roughness for ABS pipe in operation, = 0.007 mm.
The fluid pressure loss through fittings may be included in
the overall system pressure loss by calculating the equivalent
length of pipe equal to the pressure loss through individual
fittings.
The calculations of pressure loss in fitting are:

Bend 90 Short Radius

0.004

Bend 45 Short Radius

0.002

Bend 90 Long Radius

0.002

Bend 45 Long Radius

0.001

Tee Through

0.011

Tee Branch

0.042

LOSS IN STRAIGHT LENGTHS OF PIPE


The head loss in straight lengths of pipe can be calculated as
follows:

Ef = F x D
where:

Hp =

Ef = equivalent length of straight pipe for fittings, (m.)


F = fittings constant (see below column)

L
v2
x
d
2g

where:

D = fittings diameter, (mm.)

L = length of pipe, (m.)

To calculate the total pressure loss in the system, the equivalent straight pipe length for fittings is added to the total measured straight pipe length:

Hp = head loss, (m.)

= Darcy friction factor, dimensionless


d = inside diameter of pipe, (m.)
v = mean velocity of media, (m/s)

ALTERNATIVE PROCEDURE

g = 9.81 m/s2, acceleration due to gravity


The above-mentioned method will provide a conservative selection of pipe diameter and class for an application. A more
rigorous approach will become significant savings in the design of a pipe system.
Fittings

The Darcy friction factor is dependent upon the Reynolds


number, Re, and the relative roughness of the pipe surface,
where
d
Re = vd

Elbow 90

0.017

Elbow 45

0.009

= density, (kg/m3)

= dynamic viscosity, (kg/m.s)


= absolute roughness, (mm.)
= 0.003 mm, the absolute roughness for clean ABS pipe

Laminar flow in this type of flow Re < 2000 and the Darcy
factor yields:

= 64

Type of fitting

Re

= - 2 log10

d
3.7

Kf

Elbows

Turbulent flow the friction factor for Re > 2000 is calculated


using the Colebrook White equation:

COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION FOR


FITTINGS, Kf

+ 2.51
Re

90o

1.2

45o

0.35

Bends Sweep
90o

0.5

45o

0.2

22o

0.1

Tees

Head loss in fittings


Hf =

Kf x

v2
2g

where

Flow through

0.6

Flow to branch

1.8

Flow from branch

1.5

Entries

Kf = NbendsKbends + NelbowsKelbows + NteesKtees + ......


where
Kf = coefficient of friction for each type of fitting, show
in the adjacent table
N = number of fittings of each type

TOTAL HEAD LOSS

Using the head loss calculations above, the pressure drop in


the pipeline is calculated using the formula:

p = g (Hp + Hf), N/m2


Notes:

The Reynolds number range between 2000 and 4000


is called the critical zone. Flow in this zone is unstable, and
this must be taken into account.

The methods shown above can be used with various


types of newtonian fluids.

Square

0.65

Protruding

0.75

Slightly rounded

0.21

Bellmouth

0.06

Outlets (all)

1.0

Sudden enlargements
Inlet to outlet ratio 4:5

0.15

Inlet to outlet ratio 3:5

0.4

Inlet to outlet ratio 1:2

0.6

Inlet to outlet ratio 2:5

0.75

Inlet to outlet ratio 1:5

0.9

Sudden contraction
Inlet to outlet ratio 4:5

0.45

Inlet to outlet ratio 3:5

0.38

Inlet to outlet ratio 1:2

0.35

Inlet to outlet ratio 2:5

0.28

Inlet to outlet ratio 1:5

0.15

Valves fully open


Gate

0.2

Butterfly

0.3

Ball

0.5

Swing check

1.3

Diaphragm

2.4

FLOW DIAGRAM 1
Calculation for ABS pipe flow rate
Flow Rate for Liquids
Pressure drops due to friction can be determined for practical purposes using the flow diagram.
The diagram is based on the Colebrook white formula for water at 10C using a hydraulic roughness factor K of 0.003 m.m.

The pressure drops at a given flow rate can be determined as follows:


1) Obtain the mean inside diameter (m.m.) of the pipe to be used by referring to the dimension table below:

SIZE

PN 20

PN 15

PN 12

m.m.

inch

thickness

inside dia.

thickness

inside dia.

20

1/2"

2.30

15.40

2.00

16.00

25

3/4"

2.80

19.40

2.30

20.40

32

1"

3.60

24.80

2.90

40

1 1/4"

4.50

31.00

50

1 1/2"

5.60

63

2"

75

PN 10

PN 6

thickness

inside dia.

thickness

inside dia.

thickness

inside dia.

2.00

21.00

26.20

2.40

27.20

2.00

28.00

3.70

32.60

3.00

34.00

2.40

35.20

2.00

36.00

38.80

4.60

40.80

3.70

42.60

3.00

44.00

2.00

46.00

7.10

48.80

5.80

51.40

4.70

53.60

3.80

55.40

2.50

58.00

2 1/2"

8.40

58.20

6.80

61.40

5.60

63.80

4.50

66.00

2.90

69.20

90

3"

10.10

69.80

8.20

73.60

6.70

76.60

5.40

79.20

3.50

83.00

110

4"

12.30

85.40

10.00

90.00

8.10

93.80

6.60

96.80

4.20

101.60

125

5"

14.00

97.00

11.40

102.20

9.20

106.60

7.40

110.20

4.80

115.40

160

6"

17.90

124.20

14.60

130.80

11.80

136.40

9.50

141.00

6.20

147.60

200

8"

22.40

155.20

18.20

163.60

14.70

170.60

11.90

176.20

7.70

184.60

250

10"

27.90

194.20

22.70

204.60

18.40

213.20

14.80

220.40

9.60

230.80

315

12"

35.20

244.60

28.60

257.80

23.20

268.60

18.70

277.60

12.10

290.80

355

14"

21.10

312.80

13.60

327.80

400

16"

23.10

353.80

15.30

369.40

450

18"

26.70

396.60

17.20

415.60

2) Mark this inside diameter on Scale A


3) Mark the required flow rate in litres per second/litres per minute on Scale B
4) Draw a straight line connecting the points on Scales A and B and extend this to Scales C and D
5) The velocity of flow in metres per second (should not more that 1.5 m/s) is determined from the intersection with Scale C
6) The frictional head loss in metres per 100 metres of pipe can then be read off Scale D

CALCULATING EXPANSION/CONTRACTION
The expansion and contraction of plastic pipe is a function of
the change in average temperature of the pipe wall.
This temperature depends on internal and external environments temperatures and whether the environments are gaseous (air) or liquid. The most common case is pipe conveying
liquid surround by air.

CALCULATION
The following simple equations may be used for calculation of
expansion or contraction under these conditions:
Symbols

TL = Maximum temperature change in pipe contents


TA = Maximum temperature change of external air
T

= Change in average temperature of pipe wall

= Change in length of pipework section under


consideration

= Coefficient of linear expansion of pipe material

= Original length of pipe


= For ABS is 10.1 x 10-5 m/m C

To calculate pipe wall temperature change, use the equation:


T = 0.65 TL + 0.10 TA
Using value of T thus calculated, calculate expansion:
L=TxLx

FLEXIBILITY
The length of unrestrained pipe (free leg length) required to
accommodate expansion and contraction can be calculated
from the graph below.

EXAMPLE
Determine the free leg length required to accommodate a
change in length of 20 meters of 90 mm. diameter pipe work
caused by an increase in contents temperature from 20 C to
40 C, with the external air temperature also increasing from
5 C to 25 C

1. To calculate pipe mid wall temperature change ( T) apply


the equation:
T = 0.65 TL + 0.10 TA
Therefore T = 0.65 (40-20) + 0.10 (25-5)
i.e.

T = (0.65 x 20) + (0.10 x 20) = 15 C

Note: The common error when calculating T is to use extremes of temperatures, in this case 5 C for air and 40 C for
contents.
35 C would then be used for T in the next calculation instead of the correct 15 C which would give more than double
the true value.
2.To calculate expansion ( L)

L=TxLx
Therefore L = 15 x 20 x 10.1 x 10-5

= 0.0303 m
= 30.3 mm

3. To calculate free leg length


Using the value of L 2 draw a horizontal line on the
graph from the vertical scale to meet the 3 inches or 90 mm.
pipe gradient line.
Drop a perpendicular from the intersection point to the horizontal scale. The figure obtained is the free leg length of loop
required, which in this case is 1.03 m.
A useful rule of thumb is that ABS pipes will expand (or contract) by 1 mm/metre/10 C change in pipe mid wall temperature.

EXPANSION BELLOWS
Axial expansion bellows may also be used in place of utilizing the nature flexibility of the ABS. These must be of a suitable design
to answer correct operation with ABS pipework. Contact our Technical Support Department for further information.

Design of pipe support and guides


Unless it is considered that minimal pipe movement will accrue, pipe supports should be designed to provide lateral restraint and allow tree unrestricted axial pipe movement. Standard dropreds may not provide sufficient lateral restrains
and the ABS pipe could start to snake.
Invigor pipe clips are designed to meet these requirements. A
suitable alternative would be steel saddle clips designed with
a clearance between the pipe and the clip. All steel brackets
in contact with the plastic pipe should be free of sharp edges
to avoid damaging the pipe.

SUPPORT CENTRES
The recommended distance between supports for ABS pipe
filled with water is given in the table below. This table is based
on the thin rest wall pipe of each sizes. For size 1, 1 1/4,
1 1/2, 2 and 4 the support distance can be increased by
10% for PN16 pipe. Where the contents have a specific gravity greater than 1, the distance must be decreased by dividing the recommended centre distances by the specific gravity. The details shown are for horizontal pipes. For vertical
pipes, support centres may be increased of 50%

Size mm./inch

Support
Support
Support
Distance
Distance
Distance
(m) at 20oC (m) at 50oC (m) at 70oC

16mm (3/8")

0.8

0.5

0.4

20mm (1/2")

0.9

0.6

0.5

25mm (3/4")

1.0

0.7

0.6

32mm (1")

1.1

0.8

0.7

40mm (1 1/4")

1.2

0.9

0.7

50mm (1 1/2")

1.3

1.0

0.7

63mm (2")

1.4

1.1

0.8

75mm (2 1/2")

1.5

1.2

0.8

90mm (3")

1.6

1.2

0.9

110mm (4")

1.8

1.3

1.0

125mm (5")

1.9

1.4

1.0

140mm (5 1/2")

2.0

1.5

1.1

160mm (6")

2.1

1.6

1.2

200mm (8")

2.2

1.7

1.3

225mm (9")

2.3

1.8

1.5

250mm (10")

2.5

2.0

1.7

280mm (11")

2.7

2.2

1.9

315mm (12")

2.9

2.4

2.1

355mm (14")

3.1

2.6

2.2

400mm (16")

3.3

2.8

2.4

INSTALLATION
Invigor ABS pipe systems are easy to install. It requires minimum trade skills and training of personnel for a successful installation.
A complete certification package comprising training manual, Quality Assurance program, on site training and certification of
personnel is available from Invigor.

Connecting ABS to other pipe system


There are several recommended methods of connecting other pipe systems directly to ABS pipe.
- Elastomeric sealed sockets
- Composite unions
- Flanges
- Threaded adaptors

COLD SOLVENT CEMENT WELDING


Correctly made joints using this technique are stronger than either pipe or fitting. The cold solvent cement welding of ABS
is a welding process and not a gluing process. The solvent acts by temporarily dissolving the surfaces to be welded. When
they are brought together, the two surfaces reconstitute into a single homogenous solid mass as the solvent quickly evaporates.
Sustained axial loading of pipe in to the fitting is required to form a satisfactory joint. The axial loading for the welding is
provided by ensuring that the two part being welded together have an interference fit.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
The following requirements are in addition to any government safety legislation or established company work practices:
- Ensure to read safety precautions on ABS cement and ABS cleaner containers.

- Work area must be well ventilated.


- As cement and cleaner are flammable liquids, ensure work area is clear of falling sparks or other sources of ignition,
e.g., smoking.

COLD SOLVENT CEMENT WELDING PROCEDURE

Pipe and Fittings

1
Cut pipe clean, square and remove burrs.

2
Using emery paper or coarse file chamfer the
end of the pipe for easily joining.

3
Add witness marks at distance from the end of
the pipe equal to the socket depth.

4
Prepare ABS Cleaner
** Work area must be well ventilated and clear of
falling sparks or other sources of ignition.**

5
Using a clean brush, apply ABS cleaner to the
socket and the pipe.

6
Stir ABS solvent cement before use.

For size 50 mm. (11/2) and above apply ABS solvent cement to the socket and the pipe. Sizes 40
mm. (11/4) and below apply ABS solvent cement
to the pipe only.

Without delay, push the pipe in a smooth even


motion, until the end of the socket reaches the
witness mark, turn an angle of 15 and continue
the exert axial load until the joints sets. (See the
Holding time table)

Thoroughly wipe the excess ABS solvent cement


from all around the socket mouth and where possible, from inside of the joint.
** Excess ABS solvent cement can adversely effect the joint.**

Saddle

1
Mark out the hole and the area covered by the
Saddle on the pipe.

2
Drill the hole in pipe wall to suit the connection.

3
Lightly abrade the mating surface of the pipe with
emery paper.

4
Clean the abraded surfaces of pipe and saddle
using ABS cleaner.

Saddle

5
Using a clean brush, apply ABS solvent cement to
the pipe area marked and to the saddle. It is important to apply ABS solvent cement quickly.

6
Position the saddle immediately, ensuring that the
spigot locates in the hole in the pipe wall.

7
Clamp in place using worm drive belt without delay.

Thoroughly wipe excess ABS solvent cement from


all around the socket mouth and, where possible,
from inside of the joint.
** Excess ABS solvent cement can adversely effect the joint.**

Flange Stub

1
Add witness marks at distance from the end of the
pipe equal to the socket depth.

2
Using a clean brush, apply ABS cleaner to the flange
stub and the pipe.

3
Apply ABS solvent cement to the flange stub and
the pipe.

Without delay, push the pipe in a smooth even


motion until the end of the socket reaches the witness mark. Turn an angle of 15and thoroughly
wipe excess ABS solvent cement from all around
the socket mouth.

Loosely assemble backing ring. Ensure that backing ring and bolt holes align and that the backing
ring faces are parellel. Tighten the bolts gradually
in opposite direction to ensure even loading around
the backing ring to avoid distortion. Ensure washers are used under both bolt head and nuts.

HOLDING TIME TABLE

SOLVENT CEMENT USAGE*


SIZE

Pipe size (mm.)

Holding time

20 - 50

10 - 60 sec

63 - 200

1 - 3 min

225 - 400

5 - 10 min

Do not disturb joints for 30 minutes after joining.

Important notes on cold solvent cement welding


-

Work in a well ventilated area, clear of hazards.

Use only Invigor ABS solvent cement and ABS cleaner.

PVC solvent cement and primer are not suitable


for use with Invigor ABS pipe and fittings.

Treat ABS cement and ABS cleaner with care, as they


volatile flammable liquids. Close lids tightly after use.

An indication of the number of joints likely to be made


with Invigor ABS solvent cement when following the
recommended procedure is as follows:

mm.

inch

SOLVENT WELD
JOINTS PER
LITER**

20

"

600

1.67

25

"

400

2.50

32

1"

300

3.33

40

1 "

180

5.56

50

1 "

120

8.33

63

2"

100

10.00

75

2 "

80

12.50

90

3"

50

20.00

110

4"

40

25.00

125

5"

30

33.33

160

6"

20

50.00

200

8"

15

66.67

250

10"

10

100.00

315

12"

200.00

355

14"

250.00

400

16

333.33

One joint/cc.

* The usage of cleaner is approximately 50% that of ABS


cement.
** A socket counts as 2 joints, a tee as 3 joints, etc.

The usage of ABS cleaner is approximately 50% that of ABS solvent cement.

ABS solvent cement shall be stirred thoroughly before use.

If ABS solvent cement becomes thickened through evaporation of solvent or becomes contaminated, dispose cement
safely and use a fresh tin.

Do not dilute ABS solvent cement with cleaner as it will destroy the properties of the solvent cement.
-

Ensure there is no contamination to the ABS solvent cement joint from Foreign particles.

ABS solvent cement may be removed from your hands with soap and water or industrial hand cleaning soaps.

Do not use ABS cleaner for removing ABS solvent cement from your skin.
-

Pipe and socket must be dry for effective jointing.

Use only clean cotton rags and clean brushes.

Check alignment of fittings before making the joint.

When using a lever winch, have everything ready before


applying ABS solvent cement.

In hot conditions shading of joining areas of pipe for a


minimum of 1 hour before joining will enable easier
joining.

In hot or wet conditions a canopy over the joining area to


prevent direct sunlight or precipitation on the joining
process will enable easier joining. Ensure adequate
ventilation.
It is a good practice to leave the tension on the winch.

Test pressure above working pressure (1.5 times) shall


only be applied 24 hours after joining.
For sizes 20 ~ 200 mm.
Test pressure above working pressure (1.5 times) shall
only be applied 48 hours after joining.
For sizes between 250 ~ 400 mm.

FLANGED JOINTS
Invigor manufactures two type of flanged joining systems
- Full face flanges, available in sizes 20 mm. to 200 mm. (JIS 10K)
- Stub flanges, available in sizes 63 mm. to 400 mm.

Stub flanges are the preferred type as they offer a more economical fitting and are easier to install than the full face style. Stub
flanges assemblies have the same pressure rating as full face flanges assemblies.
Backing ring must be used with stub flanges and are available in all standards drilling configuration. Gaskets must be used with
flanges.
ABS stub flanges and full face flanges assemblies may be bolted directly to other flanged pipe systems of the same flange
drilling, i.e., JIS 10K, ANSI 150, etc.
Flange bolt torque values for ABS pipes will not be as high as those commonly used on steel pipes systems.
The recommended torque valves are suitable for the maximum pressure rating of ABS pipe system.

FLANGED JOINTS
RECOMMENDED BOLT TORQUES AND BOLT SIZES
(ABS TO ABS FLANGE JIS 10K)
PIPE SIZE

BOLT SIZE

TORQUE (N/m)

BOLTS/FLANGE

1/2"

M12 x 50

25

3/4"

M12 x 50

10

32

1"

M16 x 65

14

40

1 1/4"

M16 x 65

13

50

1 1/2"

M16 x 65

16

63

2"

M16 x 70

22

75

2 1/2"

M16 x 80

25

90

3"

M16 x 80

33

110

4"

M16 x 80

25

125

5"

M20 x 90

34

160

6"

M20 x 90

42

200

8"

M20 x 100

63

12

mm.

inch

20

Torque values are based upon the use of lubricated bolts complying with the relevant standards. Care should be taken with galvanized bolts as
increased friction may be encountered.

Higher torque value may result in distortion of the flange face


Standard butterfly valves may be placed between ABS stub flanges or full face flanges assemblies without modification. Valves
should be checked for full and free movement prior to final tightening of flange bolts.

Care need to be exercised as the valve disc may interfere with the bore of the pipe.
Spacers or special stub flanges can be provided.

BURIED PIPELINES
a) The excavation of the pipe trench:
The pipe trench has to be excavated in accordance with the design drawings. The allowed bending deflection is as follows :Pipe/Socket Diameter (mm)

Maximum Allowed Bending Deflection

Under 400

2.0

450~600

1.5

Over 700

1.0

b) The width and depth of the pipe trench:


Unless there is any other regulation, the excavation has to be proceeded according to the required dimension of the pipe alley
showing below. Based on the soil condition, the trench slope is sometimes needed so as to prevent the trench from collapsing.
If there is gravel or solid mass of rock at the required depth of the trench, Additional more than 10 cm. of digging is needed.
After this digging, it is necessary to backfill with sand or press firmly with sandy soil on the alley, and then the pipeline can be
installed.
(1) D: pipe outside diameter (cm)
(2) W: excavation width (cm)
OD (mm.)

H (cm.)

B (cm.)

W (cm.)

Under 125

100

30

B + 0.2 x (D + H + 10)

150 - 300

100

D + 15

B + 0.2 x (D + H + 10)

350 and over

120

D + 20

B + 0.2 x (D + H + 10)

c) The depth of the backfill is not less than the length as follows:
i 50 cm. under the walk way
ii 70 cm. under the lane
iii 100 cm. under the road
iv 120 cm. under the major road
d) The pipeline across the water way:
Basically, the pipeline has to pass underneath the existing water duct.
If the site condition does not allowed, it may go across from above.
e) The backfill of the soil:
i The soil for the backfill is basically not allowed to use waste or rock contained soil. It is necessary to fill at least 10 cm. of soil on the bed of
pipe trench.
ii The water remained in the pipe trench has to be removed before backfill
starts.
iii The backfill soil has to be consolidated in every 30 cm. depth.
iv It is required to pressure test the whole piping system before backfill.
f) Others:
i Recommend to wash the pipeline after the installation.
ii For the pipe which is erected vertically, it is required to be fixed by column or other measures.
iii For the pipe that is exposed to the air, it is required to fixed by the iron plate or other measures in the junction spot
or in every 3 meters of the pipe.

HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE TESTING


The test procedure outlined in BS Standard should be followed where installation must be pressure tested. Alternatively, the
following procedure may be employed.
Note: Testing must not be carried out until the following times have elapsed since completion of the last joint:
Sizes 20 mm. - 200 mm. 24 hours
Size 250 mm. - 400 mm. 48 hours

For large installations split the system into sections for testing
Fill section with clean ambient temperature water. Do not pressurize.
Ensure no air is trapped in the system.
Inspect system for leaks.
Allow the system to maintain for one hour in order to allow temperature to stabilize and an equilibrium reached.
If there are no leaks, remove any remaining air and increase pressure to 3 kg/cm2. Maintain at this pressure for

15 minutes and inspect for leaks.


If pressure remains constant, increase pressure to recommended test pressure. Maintain pressure for a period
not exceeding one hour. During this time pressure should hold almost constant. Recommended test pressure is 1.5
times of the operating pressure (but not over maximum pressure rating, PN, of each pipe), less the allowance for
temperature/pressure derating at the current test temperature and maximum static head.
Note: If extended times and required to achieve the test pressure either leakage is occurring or there is air trapped in the
system. Inspect for leakage and if none apparent, reduce the pressure and check for trapped air which must be removed
before the test can continue.
When testing above ground lines, the Poissons effect may reduce the length of line. This may impose excessive load on bulk
heads or equipment greater than the design. It is recommended that final closures are made after the hydrotest and in - service
test.

ABS PIPE
Size

PN20
PN15
PN12
PN10
PN6 WALL
WALL
WALL
WALL
WALL
THICKNESS
THICKNESS THICKNESS THICKNESS THICKNESS

mm.

inch

20

1/2"

2.3

2.0

25

3/4"

2.8

2.3

2.0

32

1"

3.6

2.9

2.4

2.0

40

1 1/4"

4.5

3.7

3.0

2.4

50

1 1/2"

5.6

4.6

3.7

3.0

2.0

63

2"

7.1

5.8

4.7

3.8

2.5

75

2 1/2"

8.4

6.8

5.6

4.5

2.9

90

3"

10.1

8.2

6.7

5.4

3.5

110

4"

12.3

10.0

8.1

6.6

4.2

125

5"

14.0

11.4

9.2

7.4

4.8

160

6"

17.9

14.6

11.8

9.5

6.2

200

8"

22.4

18.2

14.7

11.9

7.7

250

10"

27.9

22.7

18.4

14.8

9.6

315

12"

35.2

28.6

23.2

18.7

12.1

355

14"

21.1

13.6

400

16"

23.7

15.3

450

18"

26.7

17.2

Please contact us for more information


Standard pipe length for 20 - 110 mm. are 4.0 m.
and 125 - 400 mm. are 5.0 m.

ABS PIPE RING SEAL TYPE


Size

mm.

inch

e1

e2

90

3"

90

920.6

182.0

40

90

110

4"

110

1120.6

202.0

52

105

125

5"

125

1270.8

202.0

57

115

160

6"

160

1641.0

253.0

67

140

200

8"

200

2051.5

303.0

87

170

ABS PIPE SINGLE SOCKET TYPE


Size

mm.

inch

50

1 1/2"

50

50.7

45

63

2"

63

63.7

56

75

2 1/2"

75

75.8

67

90

3"

90

90.8

81

110

4"

110

111

99

125

5"

125

126

112

160

6"

160

161

144

200

8"

200

201

180

250

10"

250

251

200

315

12"

315

316

220

355

14"

355

356

250

400

16"

400

401

280

450

18"

450

451.4

300

BALL VALVE
S ize
d1

d2

d3

L1

H1

1/2"

20

20.3

14

30

83

70

16

62

43

38

3/4"

25

25.3

20

38

95

88

19

78

54

49

32

1"

32

32.3

25

45

106

100

22

93

65

57

40

1 1/4"

40

40.4

30

54

114

100

26

98

67

63

50

1 1/2"

50

50.4

36

62

130

109

31

115

78

75

63

2"

63

63.5

47

77

147

134

38

135

89

92

75

2 1/2"

75

75.5

60

92

204

178

44

160

105

110

90

3"

90

90.6

77

106

229

224

51

190

124

133

110

4"

110

110.6

101

135

300

276

61

233

148

170

H2

mm.

inch

20
25

H2

DOUBLE UNION BALL VALVE


S ize
d1

d2

d3

D1

D2

L1

L2

L3

H1

1/2"

20

20.3

13

16

45

31

111

60

78

48

3/4"

25

25.3

18

19

55

37

130

73

92

58

26

1"

mm.

inch

20
25
32

32

32.3

23

22

66

44

145

78

100

65

33

40 1 1/4"

40

40.4

30

26

81

54

165

87

110

76

38

50 1 1/2"

50

50.4

38

31

96

65

171

92

121

88

42

63

63

63.5

48

38

119

78

200

112

147 107.5

75 2 1/2"

75

75.5

60

44

136

91

275

135

180

119

68

90

3"

90

90.6

69

51

156

107

300

156

239

129

78

110

4"

110

110.6

100

61

224

145

328

176

278

176

112

D4

H1

H2

W1

W2

S3

2"

58

BUTTERFLY VALVE JIS 10K


S ize
D1
mm.

D2

D3

n- e
JIS 10K

inch

63

2"

165

125

57

105

203

246

103

42

35

93

75

2 1/2"

185

145

70

120

203

266

113

46

37

94

4 - 19
4 - 19

90

3"

200

160

79

123

203

276

115

46

37

94

8 - 19

110

4"

229

180

103

135

264

318

135

56

47

100 8 - 19

125

5"

256

210

130

164

304

390

150

66

50

110 8 - 23

160

6"

285

240

151

169

304

405

177

71

62

100 8 - 23

200

8"

343

295

200

200

304

466

210

87

68

120 12 - 23

BALL CHECK VALVE


S ize
d1

d2

d3

mm.

inch

20

1/2"

20.1

20.3

13

16

81

50

25

3/4"

25.1

25.3

20

19

106

62

32

1"

32.1

32.3

25

22

118

72

50

1 1/2"

50.1

50.3

40

31

153

97

63

2"

63.1

63.3

50

38

176

107

75

2 1/2"

75.1

75.3

70

44

263

155

90

3"

90.1

90.3

77

51

263

155

110

4"

110.1

110.4

102

61

320

225

PN10 REDUCING BUSH


Size

mm.

inch

25x20

3/4"x1/2''

25

20

19

17

32x20

1"x1/2"

32

20

22

17

32x25

1"x3/4"

32

25

22

19

40x20

1 1/4"x1/2"

40

20

27

17

40x25

1 1/4"x3/4"

40

25

27

19

40x32

1 1/4"x1"

40

32

27

23

50x20

1 1/2"x1/2"

50

20

32

17

50x25

1 1/2"x3/4"

50

25

32

19

50x32

1 1/2"x1"

50

32

32

23

50x40

1 1/2"x1 1/4"

50

40

33

27

63x20

2"x1/2"

63

20

39

17

63x25

2"x3/4"

63

25

39

19

63x32

2"x1"

63

32

39

23

63x40

2"x1 1/4"

63

40

39

27

63x50

2"x1 1/2"

63

50

40

33

75x32

2 1/2"x1"

75

32

45

23

75x40

2 1/2"x1 1/4"

75

40

45

27

75x50

2 1/2"x1 1/2"

75

50

45

32

75x63

2 1/2"x2"

75

63

45

39

90x25

3"x3/4"

90

25

53

19

90x32

3"x1"

90

32

53

23

90x40

3"x1 1/4"

90

40

53

27

90x50

3"x1 1/2"

90

50

53

32

90x63

3"x2"

90

63

53

39

90x75

3"x2 1/2"

90

75

53

46

110x25

4"x3/4"

110

25

64

19

110x32

4"x1"

110

32

64

23

110x50

4"x1 1/2"

110

50

64

32

110x63

4"x2"

110

63

64

39

110x75

4"x2 1/2"

110

75

64

45

110x90

4"x3"

110

90

66

54

125x110

5"x4"

125

110

72

64

160x110

6"x4"

160

110

89

64

160x125

6"x5"

160

125

89

71

200x160

8"x6"

200

160

109

89

250x125

10"x5"

250x200

10"x8"

315x160

12"x6"

315x200

12"x8"

315x250

12"x10

355x160

14"x6"

355x200

14"x8"

355x250

14"x10"

355x315

14"x12"

400x355

16"x14"

Other sizes are available please contact us for more information

ABS SOLVENT CEMENT & ABS CLEANER


Description

Small (liter)

Large (liter)

A BS S O LV E N T C E M E N T

0.5

A BS C LE A N E R

0.5

PN10 REDUCING TEE


SIZE

PN10 REDUCING COUPLING


A

mm.

inch.

25x20

3/4"x1/2"

29.5

B
24.5

L
67

L1
19

SIZE

L2
17

l1

l2

3/4"x1/2''

32

25

42

19.3

17.5

1"x1/2"

36.3

24

50

23

18

32x25

1"x3/4"

36.3

30

50.4

23

20.9
17

mm.

inch.

25x20
32x20

32x25

1"x3/4"

36.3

29.5

82

23

19

40x25

1 1/4"x3/4"

45.3

29.5

99

27

19

40x20

1 1/4"x1/2"

45.3

24.5

60

27

40x32

1 1/4"x1"

45.3

36.5

99

27

23

40x25

1 1/4"x3/4"

45.3

30.5

54.7

23.7

19

40x32

1 1/4"x1"

45.3

37.5

54.7

23.8

21.7

50x25

1 1/2"x3/4"

56.7

31.5

80.4

44

21.5

50x32

1 1/2"x1"

56.7

40

78

41

18.7

50x40

1 1/2"x1 1/4"

56.7

46.5

82

44.3

30.4

63x25

2"x3/4"

71.3

32.5

90.4

45

22.2

63x32

2"x1"

71.3

39.5

84.6

40

23.6

63x40

2"x1 1/4"

71.3

45.5

90.4

45

30

63x50

2"x1 1/2"

71.3

57.5

89

45

31.6

50x25

1 1/2"x3/4"

56.7

29.5

119

32

19

50x32

1 1/2"x1"

56.7

36.5

119

32

23

50x40

1 1/2"x1 1/4"

56.7

45.5

119

32

27

63x25

2"x3/4"

71.3

29.5

147

39

19

63x32

2"x1"

71.3

36.5

147

39

23

63x50

2"x1 1/2"

71.3

56.7

147

39

32

75x25

2 1/2"x3/4"

84.7

32.5

100.7

50

22

75x25

2 1/2"x3/4

84.7

29.5

173

45

19

75x32

2 1/2"x1"

84.7

39.5

98.7

46

24

75x32

2 1/2"x1"

84.7

36.5

173

45

23

75x40

2 1/2"x1 1/4"

84.7

49.5

103

52

30

75x50

2 1/2"x1 1/2"

84.7

59.5

98

49

32

75x63

2 1/2"x2"

84.7

72.5

97

45

39

90x25

3"x3/4"

101.7

32.5

114

53

19

90x32

3"x1"

101.7

39.5

114.4

53.7

24.2

90x40

3"x1 1/4"

101.7

49.5

114

53

27

90x50

3"x1 1/2"

101.7

61.5

126.8

61

40.8

75x40

2 1/2"x1 1/4"

84.7

45.5

173

45

27

75x50

2 1/2"x1 1/2"

84.7

56.7

173

45

32

75x63

2 1/2"x2"

84.7

71.5

173

45

39

90x32

3"x1"

101.7

36.5

205

53

23

90x50

3"x1 1/2"

101.7

56.7

205

53

32

90x63

3"x2"

110

75

114

55

40.4

90x75

3"x2 1/2"

101.7

86.5

114.6

54.3

46.6

110x25

4"x3/4"

124.2

33.5

140

64

19

90x63

3"x2"

101.7

71.5

205

53

39

90x75

3"x2 1/2"

101.7

84.7

205

53

45

110x32

4"x1"

124.2

41.5

140.3

64

24

110x25

4"x3/4"

124.2

29.5

249

64

19

110x40

4"x1 1/4"

124.2

49.5

140

64

27

110x50

4"x1 1/2"

124.2

61.5

140

64

32

110x63

4"x2"

124.2

76.5

140

63.3

39.7

110x75

4"x2 1/2"

124.2

88.5

140

64

45

110x90

4"x3"

124.2

104.5

140

66.2

53.4
53

110x32

4"x1"

124.2

36.5

249

64

23

110x40

4"x1 1/4"

124.2

45.5

249

64

27

110x63

4"x2"

124.2

71.5

249

64

39

110x90

4"x3"

124.2

101.7

249

64

53

125x90

5"x3"

141.2

101.7

279

71

53

125x110

5"x4"

141.2

124.2

279

71

64

160x110

6"x4"

180.5

124.2

353

89

160x125

6"x5"

180.5

141.2

353

89

125x90

5"x3"

141.2

104.5

165

71

125x110

5"x4"

141.2

124.5

165

71

64

160x90

6"x3"

180.5

104.5

189

89

64

160x125

6"x5"

180.5

141.5

238

89

71

200x160

8"x6"

225.6

124.5

238

109

64

64

250x125

10"x5"

225.6

180.5

238

109

89

71

250x200

10"x8"

315x250

12"x10"

355x315

14"x12"

400x355

16"x14"

200x110

8"x4"

225.6

124.2

437

109

64

200x160

8"x6"

225.6

180.5

437

109

89

For bigger sizes, it is recommended to use ABS saddle.

Other sizes are available please contact us for more information

PN10 TEE
Size

1/2"

24.8

58

17

29

3/4"

29.8

67

19

34

32

1"

36.3

82

23

41

40

1 1/4"

45.3

99

27

49

50

1 1/2"

56.7

119

32

60

63

2"

71.3

147

39

74

75

2 1/2"

84.7

173

45

86

90

3"

101.7

205

53

103

110

4"

124.2

249

64

125

125

5"

141.2

279

71

139

160

6"

180.5

353

89

177

200

8"

225.6

437

109

219

mm.

inch

20
25

Other sizes are available please contact us for more information


PN10 FLANGE STUB
Size
mm.

E
50

inch

63

2"

100

55

15

75

2 1/2"

120

65

16

56

90

3"

130

72

18

65

110

4"

155

85

20

76

125

5"

180

89

24

79

160

6"

210

100

26

87

200

8"

263

136

28

115

250

10"

325

162

30

150

315

12"

380

178

28

164

Other sizes are available please contact us for more information


PN10 THREAD PLUG
Size

mm.

inch

20

1/2"

13

23

14

25

3/4"

15.8

28

18.5

PN10 BLIND FLANGE JIS 10K


SIZE
mm.

N-e

inch.

32

1"

125

90

14

1.5

4 - 19

40

1 1/4"

135

100

16

1.5

4 - 19

50

1 1/2"

140

105

16

1.5

4 - 19

63

2"

155

120

16

1.5

4 - 19

75

2 1/2"

175

140

18

1.5

4 - 19

90

3"

185

150

18

1.5

8 - 19

110

4"

210

175

18

1.5

8 - 19

125

5"

250

210

20

1.5

8 - 23

160

6"

280

240

22

1.5

8 - 23

200

8"

330

290

22

1.5

12 - 23

Other sizes are available please contact us for more information

PN10 CAP
Size

mm.

inch

20

1/2"

24.6

19

17

25

3/4"

29.6

21

19

32

1"

36.5

26

23

40

1 1/4"

45.3

30

27

50

1 1/2"

56.7

36

32

63

2"

71.3

43

39

75

2 1/2"

84.7

50

45

90

3"

101.7

59

53

110

4"

124.3

72

64

125

5"

141.2

80

70

160

6"

180.5

100

88

200

8"

225.6

122

107

PN10 COUPLING
Size
mm.

inch

20

1/2"

24.9

35.8

16.5

25

3/4"

30.9

41.5

19.6

32

1"

39.6

48.3

22.9

40

1 1/4"

49.6

51.8

24.2

50

1 1/2"

61.4

68.3

31.8

63

2"

73.5

83.4

39.7

75

2 1/2"

86.9

95.1

45.9

90

3"

104.8

112.4

53.5

110

4"

125.9

135.3

63.3

125

5"

140.3

159.1

74.6

160

6"

180.5

185

88

200

8"

225.6

222.5

107

PN10 90o ELBOW


Size
mm.

inch

20

1/2"

25.8

17.2

29

25

3/4"

30.8

20.1

34

32

1"

38.6

23.1

41

40

1 1/4"

47

26.4

49

50

1 1/2"

58.5

31

60

63

2"

73

38.6

75

75

2 1/2"

86

44.2

87

90

3"

103.7

52

103

110

4"

126.6

62

125

125

5"

143.9

69.3

139

160

6"

196

88.3

176

200

8"

225.6

109

219

PN10 FEMALE ADAPTER


Size

d1

1/2"

24.8

17

37

1/2" P T

3/4"

29.8

19

41

3/4" P T

32

1"

40

25

50

1" P T

40

1 1/4"

49.5

27

60

1 1/4" P T

50

1 1/2"

59.7

33

70

1 1/2" P T

63

2"

73

41

84

2" P T

mm.

inch

20
25

PN10 45o ELBOW


Size

mm.

inch

20

1/2"

24.6

17

25

3/4"

31.7

17.4

32

1"

40.3

24

40

1 1/4"

49.7

28.3

50

1 1/2"

61.8

33.4

63

2"

72.5

38.4

75

2 1/2"

92.6

46

90

3"

111.4

52.8

110

4"

134.6

64.7

125

5"

141.9

70.3

160

6"

195.3

88.6

200

8"

225.6

109

PN10 FAUCET FITTING-90o ELBOW


Size

d1

mm.

inch

20

1/2"

24.8

17

1/2" P T

25

3/4"

29.8

19

3/4" P T

32

1"

39

23

1" P T

PN10 GAUGE SOCKET


S ize
L

D1

D2

D3

D4

mm.

inch

32

x 1/2"

32

20

40

32

25

1/2"

32

x 3/4"

32

20

40

32

25

3/4"

PT

PN10 FIXTURE TEE


S ize
mm.

inch

20

1/2"

25

20

25

30

62

16

1/2"

25

3/4"

30

25

31

31.5

67

18.5

3/4"

PN10 SADDLE
Size

mm.

inch

250X160

10"X6"

221.25

180.5

353

89

250X200

10"X8"

243.1

225.6

437

109

315X160

12"X6"

253.75

180.5

353

89

315X200

12"X8"

275.6

225.6

437

109

Other sizes are available please contact us for more information


Saddle is supplied with accessories

PN10 UNION
S ize
d1

d2

d3

D1

D2

mm.

inch

20

1/2"

20

20.3

16

13

31

46

54

25

3/4"

25

25.3

19

18

37

55

62

32

1"

32

32.3

22

23.5

45

66

69

40

1 1/4"

40

40.4

26

30

54

82

85

50

1 1/2"

50

50.4

31

39

65

98

87

63

2"

63

63.5

38

49

78

120

95

75

2 1/2"

75

75.5

44

63

91

139

114

90

3"

90

90.6

51

75

107

155

126

110

4"

110

110.6

61

100

145

225

160

PN10 FLANGE JIS 10K


S ize
A

D1

D2

N - d

mm.

inch

20

1/2"

31

95

70

4 - 15

35

18

25

3/4"

35

100

75

4 - 15

40

20

32

1"

45

125

90

4 - 19

47

25

40

1 1/4"

53.5

135

100

4 - 19

50

30

50

1 1/2"

61.3

140

105

4 - 19

61.3

31.8

63

2"

78.2

155

120

4 - 19

75.8

63.1

75

2 1/2"

93

175

140

4 - 19

81.7

69.7

90

3"

105

185

150

8- 19

74

53

110

4"

132

210

175

8- 19

95

62

125

5"

144

250

210

8 - 23

120

84

160

6"

187

280

240

8 - 23

112.1

91

200

8"

225.6

330

290

12 - 23

200

124

250

10"

Other sizes are available please contact us for more information


PN10 MALE ADAPTER
S ize
A

B1

l1

1/2"

30

20

16.5

17

30

1/2" P T

3/4"

32

25

19

23

37

3/4" P T

32

1"

40

32

23

27

40

1" P T

40

1 1/4"

50

40

27

32

55

1 1/4" P T

50

1 1/2"

63

50

32

39

67

1 1/2" P T

63

2"

72.5

63

39

45

83

2" P T

75

2 1/2"

86

75

45

53

90

2 1/2" P T

90

3"

105

90

53

65

115

3" P T

110

4"

125

110

64

73

127.5

4" P T

mm.

inch

20
25

l2

d1

CLIP
SIZE

1/2"

30

30

23.3

12.58

16.1

3/4"

37

37

29

15.6

16.1

32

1"

48.1

48.1

37

20

16.1

40

1 1/4"

60.2

60.2

46

25.9

16.1

mm.

inch.

20
25

ABS WIRE
Description
A BS WIRE

Length (m.)
1

Reverse Osmosis (R.O.) Piping System

PTT Public Company Limited / Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate,


Rayong

BLCP Power Station / Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate Phase 2,


Rayong

Piping System for transporting food and drinking water

CP Meiji Company Limited / Saraburi

Bank of Thailand / Bangkhunphrom

Piping System for Water Supply

Mitsubishi / Amata Nakorn Industrial Estate, Chonburi

Grand Sukhumvit by Sofitel / Bangkok

ITF Silom Palace / Bangkok

The Administrative Court of Thailand / Bangkok

Piping System for Water-Treatment Plant & Piping for Sprinkler System

Bangpakong Power Plant / Chachoengsao

Piping System for Pretreatment Plant

Amata Power-Esco Service / Amata Nakorn Industrial Estate

Piping System for Chemical Transportation

Kao Industrial (Thailand) / Samutprakarn

Philippines: Water Consortium

Rio Verde Water consortium Inc. / Cagayan De Oro

San Miguel (Thailand) Company Limited / Amata City


Industrial Estate

Piping System for hot water drainage

The Catering Services of Thai Airway / Suwannabhumi


Airport

China: Air-Conditioning Piping System

Tiang Zhen Da Xia Building / Shenzhen

Pakistan: Chilled Water System

Gulf Nishat Apparels Limited / Lahore

Piping System for Cooling - Condenser Water

Avery Dennison (Thailand) Company Limited / Eastern


Seaboard Industrila Estate, Rayong

Central World Plaza / Bangkok

CY Frozen Food Company Limited / Samutsakorn

Krungthai Bank Public Company Limited / Bangkok

The Platinum Fashion Mall / Bangkok

Vipharam Hospital / Bangkok

Bangkok University / Rangsit Campus, Pathumthani

President Park, Sukhumvit Soi 24 / Bangkok

Foursquare Technology Company Limited

Tel: 02-938-1436