Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

EXERCISE1

TheLanguageofAnatomy
Iftimeisaproblem,mostofthisexercisecanbedoneasanoutofclassassignment.
TimeAllotment:(inlab):hour.

LaboratoryMaterials
Orderinginformationisbasedonalabsizeof24students,workingingroupsof4.Alist
ofsupplyhouseaddressesappearsinAppendixA.
12humantorsomodels
2humanskeletons,onemale

andonefemale
34preservedkidneys(sheep)

Scalpels
Gelatinspaghettimolds

AdvancePreparation
1. Setouthumantorsomodelsandhavearticulatedskeletonsavailable.
2. Obtainthreepreservedkidneys(sheepkidneysworkwell).Cutoneintransverse
section,oneinlongitudinalsection(usuallyasagittalsection),andleaveoneuncut.
Labelthekidneys,andputtheminademonstrationarea.Youmaywishtoaddafourth
kidneytodemonstrateafrontalsection.
3. Thedaybeforethelab,preparegelatinorJellOusingslightlylesswaterthaniscalled
forandcookthespaghettiuntilitisaldente.Pourthegelatinintoseveralsmallmolds,
anddropseveralspaghettistrandsintoeachmold.Refrigerateuntillabtime.
4. Setoutgelatinspaghettimoldsandscalpel.

CommentsandPitfalls
1. Studentswillprobablyhavethemosttroubleunderstandingproximalanddistal,often
confusingthesetermswithsuperiorandinferior.Theyalsofindtheterms
anterior/ventralandposterior/dorsalconfusingbecausethesetermsrefertothesame
directionsinhumans,butdifferentdirectionsinfourleggedanimals.Otherthanthat,
thereshouldbefewproblems.

AnswerstoPreLabQuiz(p.1)
1.

False
Copyright2014PearsonEducation,Inc.

2.
3.

axial
b,towardoratthebodysurface

4. b,sagittal
5. cranial,vertebral

AnswerstoActivityQuestions
Activity3:PracticingUsingCorrectAnatomicalTerminology(p.7)
Thewristisproximaltothehand.
Thetrachea(windpipe)isanteriororventraltothespine.
Thebrainissuperiororcephaladtothespinalcord.
Thekidneysareinferiororcaudaltotheliver.
Thenoseismedialtothecheekbones.
Thethumbislateraltotheringfinger.
Thethoraxissuperiororcephaladtotheabdomen.
Theskinissuperficialtotheskeleton.
Activity4:IdentifyingOrgansintheAbdominopelvicCavity(pp.89)
Nametwoorgansfoundintheleftupperquadrant:liver,largeintestine,stomach,andspleen
Nametwoorgansfoundintherightlowerquadrant:smallintestineandlargeintestine
Whichorgan(Figure1.8)isdividedintoidenticalhalvesbythemedianplane?urinarybladder

AnswertoGroupChallenge:TheLanguageofAnatomy(p.10)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

nasal,mental,cervical,sternal,lumbar,coxal,femoral,crural,tarsal,plantar
brachial,antecubital,antebrachial,carpal,palmar,digital
umbilical,buccal,otic,axillary,acromial,pollex
hallux,plantar,calcaneal,sural,popliteal,femoral
transverse
hypogastric
appendicitis

Copyright2014PearsonEducation,Inc.

REVIEWSHEET
EXERCISE1
Name________________________
LabTime/Date_________________
TheLanguageofAnatomy
SurfaceAnatomy
1. Matcheachofthenumbereddescriptionswiththerelatedterminthekey.
Key: a. buccal
b. calcaneal

c. cephalic
d. digital

e. patellar
f. scapular

a;buccal 1. cheek

e;patellar

4. anterioraspectofknee

d;digital 2. thefingers

b;calcaneal

5. heeloffoot

f;scapular 3. shoulderbladeregion

c;cephalic

6. thehead

2. Indicatethefollowingbodyareasontheaccompanyingdiagrambyplacingthecorrectkeyletterat
theendofeachline.
Key:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
m.
n.
o.
p.

abdominal
antecubital
brachial
cervical
crural
femoral
fibular
gluteal
lumbar
occipital
oral
popliteal
pubic
sural
thoracic
umbilical

3.Classifyeachofthetermsinthekeyofquestion2aboveintooneofthelargebodyregionsindicated
below.Inserttheappropriatekeylettersontheanswerblanks.
Copyright2014PearsonEducation,Inc.

b,c,e,f,g,l,n

1. appendicular

a,d,h,i,j,k,m,o,p 2. axial

BodyOrientation,Direction,Planes,andSections
4. Describecompletelythestandardhumananatomicalposition. Standingerect,feettogether,head
andtoespointed
forward,armshangingatsideswithpalmsforward
5. Definesection.Acutalonganimaginaryplanethroughthebodywallororgan

6. Several incomplete statements arelistedbelow.Correctly complete eachstatement bychoosingthe


appropriateanatomicaltermfromthekey.Recordthekeylettersand/ortermsonthecorrespondingly
numberedblanksbelow.Sometermsareusedmorethanonce.
Key: a. anterior
b. distal
c. frontal

d. inferior
e. lateral
f. medial

g. posterior
h. proximal
i. sagittal

j. superior
k. transverse

Intheanatomicalposition,thefaceandpalmsareonthe 1
bodysurface;thebuttocksand
shoulderbladesareonthe
2bodysurface;andthetopoftheheadisthemost
3partofthebody.
Theearsare 4and

5totheshouldersand

6tothenose.Theheartis

7tothevertebral

column(spine)and
8tothelungs.Theelbowis
9tothefingersbut
10totheshoulder.The
abdominopelviccavityis 11tothethoraciccavityand

12tothespinalcavity.Inhumans,the

dorsalsurfacecanalsobecalledthe
13surface;however,inquadrupedanimals,thedorsalsurface
is

the
14surface.
Ifanincisioncutstheheartintorightandleftparts,thesectionisa
15section;butiftheheart
iscutsothatsuperiorandinferiorportionsresult,thesectionisa
16section.Youaretoldtocuta
dissectionanimalalongtwoplanessothatbothkidneysareobservableineachsection.Thetwo
sectionsthatwillalwaysmeetthisrequirementarethe 17

and 18

sections.Asectionthat
demonstratesthecontinuitybetweenthespinalandcranialcavitiesisa19section.
1. a;anterior

8.f;medial

14.j;superior

2. g;posterior

9.h;proximal

15.i;sagittal

3. j;superior

10.b;distal

16.k;transverse

4. f;medial

11.d;inferior

17.c;frontal

5. j;superior

12.a;anterior

18.k;transverse

6. e;lateral

13.g;posterior

19.i;sagittal

7. a;anterior

Copyright2014PearsonEducation,Inc.

7. Correctlyidentifyeachofthebodyplanesbyinsertingtheappropriatetermforeachontheanswer
linebelowthedrawing.

8.Drawakidneyasitappearswhensectionedineachofthethreedifferentplanes.

9. Correctlyidentifyeachofthenineregionsof
theabdominopelviccavitybyinsertingthe
appropriatetermforeachoftheletters
indicatedinthedrawing.
a. epigastricregion

b. righthypochondriacregion
c. lefthypochondriacregion
d. umbilicalregion


e. rightlumbarregion

f. leftlumbarregion


g. hypogastric(pubic)region
h. rightiliacregion


Copyright2014PearsonEducation,Inc.

i. leftiliacregion


BodyCavities
10. Whichbodycavitywouldhavetobeopenedforthefollowingtypesofsurgeriesorprocedures?(Use
thekeytofindthecorrectchoice,andwritetheletterinsamenumberedblank.Morethanone
choicemayapplyforsomesurgeries/procedures.)
Key:

a. abdominopelvic
b. cranial

c. dorsal
d. spinal

e. thoracic
f. ventral

1.surgerytoremoveacancerouslunglobe
e,f

4.appendectomy
a,f

2.removaloftheuterus,orwomb
a,f

5.stomachulceroperation
a,f

3.removalofabraintumor
b,c

6.deliveryofpreoperativesaddle
d,c
anesthesia

11. Namethemusclethatsubdividestheventralbodycavity.Diaphragm

12. What are the bony landmarks of the abdominopelvic cavity? Dorsally, the vertebral column;
laterallyandanteriorly,thepelvis
13. Whichbodycavityaffordstheleastprotectiontoitsinternalstructures?Abdominal

14. Whatisthefunctionoftheserousmembranesofthebody? Theserousmembranesproducea


lubricatingfluid(serousfluid)thatreducesfrictionasorgansslideacrossoneanotheror
againstthecavitywallsduringtheirfunctioning.
15. Anurseinformsyouthatsheisabouttotakebloodfromtheantecubitalregion.Whatportionof
yourbodyshouldyoupresenttoher?Yourarm;theanteriorsurfaceoftheelbowjoint.

16. Usingthekey,identifythesmallbodycavitiesdescribedbelow.Writethecorrectletterineach
blankline.
Key: a. middleearcavity
b. nasalcavity

c.
d.

oralcavity
orbitalcavity

e. synovialcavity

d;orbitalcavity

1.holdstheeyesinananteriorfacingposition

a;middleearcavity

2.housesthreetinybonesinvolvedinhearing

b;nasalcavity

3.containedwithinthenose

c;oralcavity

4.containsthetongue

Copyright2014PearsonEducation,Inc.

e;synovialcavity

5.surroundsajoint

Copyright2014PearsonEducation,Inc.

17. Ontheincompleteflowchartprovidedbelow:
Fillinthecavitynamesasappropriatetoboxes3through8.
Then,usingeitherthenameofthecavityortheboxnumbers,identifythedescriptionsinthelist
thatfollows.

Copyright2014PearsonEducation,Inc.