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Mahesh Tutorials Science

104

HYPERBOLA.

SOLUTIONS.

GROUP (A)-CLASS WORK PROBLEMS

Q-1)

Ans.

Find the centre, eccentricity, foci,

the distance between the foci and

the length of latus rectum for

hyperbola

The equation of hyperbola is

9x 16y =144 .

2

2

x

2

y

2

9x 16y =144

comparing with

= 1

16

2

x

16

9

y

2

9

= 1

2

2

a

2

= 16 and

b

2

a = 4, b = 3

i) Centre (0,0)

ii)

b

2

= a

2

(

e

2

1

)

= 9 a > b

(

9 = 16 e

2

1

)

2

e =

1

+

9

16

eccentricity = 5

4

iii) foci (0, ± ae )

e

0,

±

4

×

5

4

9

16 =e

2

=

25

16

2

1

e =

= (0, ± 5)

5

4

iv) distance between foci = 2ae

v) l (Latus Rectum)

=

=

2b

2

a

8

×

=

= 10

2

×

9

9

=

4

2

5

4

Q-2)

Ans:

Find the lengths of the axes, latus

rectum, eccentricity, co-ordinates

of the foci and equation of

directrices of the hyperbola

2

25y x

y

2

1

x

2

25

Here

a

2

2

= 25 .

= 1

= 25, b

2

= 1

(transverse axis) = 2b = 2(1) = 2

(Conjugate axis)

= 2a = 2(5) =10 2
2 a
(latus rectum) =
=
2 25
(
)
=
50
b
2
2
b
+
a
25
+
1
26
e =
=
=
a
1 1
be = 1
(
26
)
=
26
∴ foci (
0, ± be
)
(
0, ±
26
)
b
1
Also
=
e
26
b
∴Equation of directrices are
y = ±
e
1
i.e.
y = ±
26

Q-3)

Ans.

Find the equation of the hyperbola

(referred to its principal axes) if

focus at (4, 0) and directrix is x = 2

Let equation of hyperbola be

x

2

a

2

y

2

b

2

= 1

Focus (ae,0) corresponding to

directrix

x =

a

e

but

Focus (4,0)corresponding to

directrix x = 2

Hyperbola

105

Mahesh Tutorials Science

ae = 4 and

e

=

a

2

from (i) and (ii)

a

=

e

a

2

a

2

…(i)

…(ii)

=

4

b

2

= a

2

(

= (

ae

e

2

)

2

)

1 =

a

2

=

2

2

a e a

4

2 8

2

b

a

2

= 8

2 = 8

Equation of required hyperbola is

x

2

8

y

2

8

=

1

x

2

y

2

= 8

 Q-4) A hyperbola has transverse axis of length 2 2 . If it passes through (2, -3) find its equation. Ans. Let equation of hyperbola be

x

2

y

2

a 2 b

2

=

1 (transverse axis) = 2a (transverse axis) = 2 2

2a = 2

Equation of hyperbola becomes = 2

a

x

2

y

2

a 2 b

2

=

1

This passes through (2, -3)

2

2

(

3

)

2

2

b

2

1

=

9

2

b

2

b

=

2

1

= 9

2

9

2

b

2

=

1

The equation of hyperbola is

x

2

2

y

2

9

=

1

Q-5)

Ans.

Find equation of the hyperbola in

standard form whose distance

between directrices is 8

3

eccentricity is 3

2 .

and

Let equation of hyperbola be

x 2

a 2

y

2

b

2

=

1

eccentricity = e = 3

2

distance between directrices = 2a

e

2

a

8

=

e

3

b

2

= a

2

(

e

2

a

=

1

)

4

3

=

=

e =

4 3

3 2

=

2

4

4

 

 

3

2

9

4

2

1

1

 

=

b

2 = 5

 

4 ×

5

4

Equation of required hyperbola is

Q-6)

Ans.

x

2

4

y

2

5

= 1

Find equation of the hyperbola

referred to its principal axes if

conjugate axis is 5 and distance

between foci is 13.

Equation of hyperbola is

x

2

a

2

y

2

b

2

=

1

(Conjugate axis) = 2b

and distance between foci = 2ae

2b = 5 and 2ae =13

 ∴ b = 5 ∴ ae = 13 2 2

Mahesh Tutorials Science

106

Q-7)

Ans.

Hyperbola

b 2

=

a

2

(

e

2

1

)

 

5

2

 

2

25

4

2

a =

=

2

a e

2

a

2

25

4

=

(

ae

)

2

a

2

=

 

13

2

 

2

169

25

4

4

a

2

2

a =

169

25

4

4

2

a =

144

4

2

= 36

a

Equation of required hyperbola is 2
2
x
y
36 25 4

=

1

x

2

4

y

2

36

25

=

1

This is equation of required

hyperbola.

Find the equation of the locus of a

point which moves such that the

difference of its distances from the

point A (15,0) and B (15,0) is 24.

Identify the locus.

Let

P

(

x , y

1

1

)

be a point on the locus

A (15,0), B (15,0)

By given condition,

PA

BP =

24 PA PB = ± 24

PA = PB ± 24

PA

2

= PB

2

± 48PB + 576 3

PA

2

PB

2

= ± 48PB + 576

= ± 48PB + 576

2

x x

1

2

1

x x

1

1

30

30

+

225

225

+

y

2

1

y

2

1

   

1

 = ± 48PB + 576 = ± 48PB + 576

1

1

48

∴− 60x

∴± 48PB = − 60x 576

∴± 4PB = − 5x

Q-8)

Ans.

2

= 25x

16PB

2

1

16

 

x

2

1

+

30x

1

+

+ 480x

1

225

+

y

+ 2304

2

1

 

= 25x

2

1

+ 480x

1

+ 2304

 16x 2 ∴ 1 2 = 25x 1 2 ∴ 0 = 9x 1 2 ∴ 9x 1 x 2 y 2 1 − 1 = 144 81

16y

1

+ 480x + 3600 +16y

1

+ 480x

16y

2

1

1

+ 2304

1296

2

1

= 1296

The equation of locus of

P

2

1

(

x , y

1

is

x

2

y

2

144

81

=

1 , locus is hyperbola.

1

)

Prove that when m varies the point

of intersection of the lines

x  3 y 4m 3 =0 &  3mx + my 4 3 = 0

then its locus is

x

2

16

y

2

48

=

1

Let

P

(

x , y

1

1

)

be the point of

.

intersection of the lines x
3 −y −4m 3 =0
and
3mx + my − 4 3 = 0
⇒ 3 −y −4m
x
3 =0
1
1
& 3mx + my − 4
3 = 0
1
1
⇒ 3 − y
= 4m
…(i)
x 1 1
and
3mx + my
= 4
3
… (ii)
1
1
x
3
− y
1
1
∴ m
=
4
m
3

Put this value in equation (ii)

107

Mahesh Tutorials Science

Q-9)

Ans. x
3
y
1
1
3
4
m
3
 
= 4
3

x +

1

y 1

3x

1 3 x y + 3 x y y = 48

1

1

1

1

1

2  2

3x

2 y

1

2

1

= 48

(

Locus of P x ,y

1

i.e.

x

2

16

y

2

48

= 1

1

)

is

3x

2

y

2

= 48

If

e and

1

e

2

are the eccentricities

of hyperbolas

x

2

a

2

y

2

b

2

=

y

2

x

2

b

2

a

2

=

1 respectively.

1

and

Show

1

e

2

1

1

e

2

2

= 1

.

e is the eccentricity of

1

x

2

a

2

b

2 2

= a

(

e

2

1

1

)

2

b = a

2

(

y

2

b

2

=

e

2

1

1

1

)

.

b

2

e

2

1

2

2

= a e a

1

=

a

2

+

b

2

a

2

2

a

2

+ b = a e

2

2

…(i)

2

1

 e 2 is eccentricity of y b 2 2 − x a 2 2 = 1 2 = b 2 ( e 2 ) ∴a 2 −1 ∴a 2 = b e − b 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ∴a + b = b e 2 2 a 2 + b 2 …(ii) ∴ e = 2 2 a 1 1 1 1 + = + e 2 1 e 2 2   a 2 + b 2       a 2 + b 2     a 2   b 2   a 2 + b 2 = = 1 a 2 + b 2

Q-10)

Ans.

=

1

e

2

1

+

1

e

2

2

a

2

a

2

+

b

2

+

= 1

b

2

a

2

+

b

2

Show difference of focal distances

of any point on hyperbola

x

2

a

2

y

2

b

2

=

is 2a.

1

Equation of hyperbola is

x

2

a

2

y

2

b

2

=

1

and P (x,y) be any point on

hyperbola.

Joint SP and S P .

Draw PM and PM perpendiculars on

directrices,

By focus-directrix property.

SP = e.PM and S P = e.PM

SP

=

e x

= ex a

Similarly, SP = ex +a

S P SP

=

= ex +a ex +a = 2a

ex + a (ex a )

Difference of focal distance of any

point on hyperbola

x

2

a

2

y

2

b

2

= 1

is 2a.

Mahesh Tutorials Science

108

Q-11)

Ans.

Q-12)

Ans.

Hyperbola

If C is the centre, S and S are the

foci of the hyperbola

x

2

a

2

y

2

b

2

= 1

and P is any point on it, Prove that

SP .S P = CP a +b

2

2

2

.

The centre C is (0,0).

Let P

(

x , y

1

1

)

hyperbola.

CP

2

2

= x + y

1

be the point on the

2

1

and

2 y

b

2

1

x 1

a 2

2

= 1

2

x 1 =

a

2

1 +

y

2

1

b

2

SP =

ex a

1

and SP =

SP.S P =

ex a

1

+

ex a

1 ex a
+
1
2
2
=
e x
1

a

=

a 2 + b

2

a 2

   x

2

1

   e

a

2

2

− =

a

2

+ b

2

2 a

=

=

2

x 1

2

x 1

+ b

+ b

2

2

  

 

2

1
2  

a

x

a

2

1 +

2 1

y

 

b

2

a

2

=

2

x 1

+ b +y a

1

2

2

2

= (

x +y a +b

1

1

2

2

)

2

2

= CP

2 a

2

+b

2

2

Segment LSL′′′′ is the latus rectum

of the hyperbola

x

2

9

y

2

4

=

1 .

Find

the coordinate of L.

Here

Since L lies in the first quadrant, co-

a 2

= 9, b

2

= 4

ordinates of L are

  

ae ,

b

2

a

 

Q-13)

Ans. We know,
b 2
4
= 9 e
(
2 −1
)
4
2
9 = e
− ⇒
1
13
2
⇒ e =

3 2
2
= a e −1
(
)
4
9
+ 4
13
2
e =
1 +
=
=
9
9
9
4
L
13,
 
3
 

Find the equation of the hyperbola

in the standard form, if Eccentricity = 2 and foci coincide

with foci of the ellipse 2
Here
a 2
= 25, b
25
16
3
e =
=
5
5
3 
ae ′ =
5
=
3
 
5
 

= 16

foci (± 3,0)

x

2

25

+

y

2

16

= 1

.

These are the foci of the required

hyperbola let equation of the

2

2

hyperbola

y

x = 1

a 2

e = 2 , and foci (±ae,0)

b

2

ae = 3 , and e = 2

a(2) = 3

b 2

2

a =

= a

2

9

4

(

2

e

1 )

a =

=

9

4

(

3

2

4

1

)

=

27

4

Equation of the hyperbola is 2
2
x
y
= 1
9 4
27 4
2
2
4
x
4
y
i.e.
9
27

= 1.

109

Mahesh Tutorials Science

Q-14)

Ans.

The x-co-ordinate of a point can be expressed as 3-times the sum of a non zero number and its reciprocal and y-co-ordinate of the point can be written as 2 times the difference of that number and its reciprocal. Show that all such points lie on a curve. Identify the curve.

Let t be that non zero real number

and let P (x,y) be the point

Now

x

= 3

t

1

+ t

 

and

y

=

2

t +

1

, t 3

=

x

t

1 y

=

t 2

We know that

t

2 +

and

1

t

2

=

t

2 +

x

2

9

9

x

2

9

i.e.

y

2

x

4

2

36

 

t

+

1

t

 

2

1

t

2

=

 

t

=

y

2

4

+

2

1

t

= 4

y

2

16

= 1

2

 

2

+

2

t

1

t

 

This shows that (x,y)lies on the

curve

x

2

36

y

2

16

= 1

hyperbola.

and curve is

Q-15)

Ans.

Find the centre, co-ordinates of the foci and the equations of axes and the directrices for the hyperbola.

3y

2

2x

2

+ 6y + 8x 11 = 0

3y

2

2x

2

+ 6y + 8x 11 = 0

3y

2

+ 6y 2x

3 y

=

2

+

11

+

3

(

2y

+

8

1

)

2

+ 8x

(

2 x

11 = 0

2

4x

+

3 (

(

y

y +1

)

+

1

)

2

2

2

(

2 x 2

(

x

2

)

2

3

)

2

= 6

= 1

For hyberbola,

a

b

2

2 = 2,

2

= a

2

(

= 3 e

b

(

e

2

2

2 1

= 3

1

)

)

2

= 3e

2 3

3e

2

= 5

4

) 2
5
e =
3
i) For centre :
x − 2 = 0
and y +1 = 0

x = 2 and y = 1 centre ≡ (2, −1)
ii)
For foci :
5
x − 2 = 0
and
y
= −
1
±
3
×
3
x = 2
and y = −1 ±
5
∴ foci ≡
(
2, −1 ±
5
)
iii) Axes are,
x − 2 = 0
and y +1 = 0

iv) Equations of directries,

Mahesh Tutorials Science

110 b
y
+ 1
= ±
e
3
y
+ 1
= ±
5
3
3
y
= −
1
±
5

GROUP-(B) CLASSWORK PROBLEMS

Q-1)

Ans.

Q-2)

Ans.

Find equation of tangent to

hyperbola

16x 9y =144 at

2

2 3
5
,
2
.
2
 
2
2
16x − 9y =144
2
2
x
y
− =
1 ⇒
9
16

a

2

= 9, b

2

= 16

Equation of tangent at 3
5
,
2
   is
2 xx
yy
3
5
x (
− 2)
y
1
1
= 1 ⇒
2
2
a
b
2
9
16
5
x
y
+
= ⇒ 4 5x + 3y = 24
1
6
8

=

1

Find the equation of the tangent to

the hyperbola

Here

a

2

= 36, b

x

2

36

y

2

16

2

= 16

Equation of tangent at

x

sec

θ

a

y

tan

θ

b

= 1

= 1

at

P

(

θ

)

=

θ =

P

 

π

3

π

3

.

   is π
π
x
sec
y
tan
 
3
 
 
3
 
= 1
6
4
2
x
3
y
= 1
6
4
4x − 3 3y =12

Q-3)

Show that the condition that

x + my + n = 0 is a tangent to

Ans.

b

2

2

2

x a y

2

2

= a b

2

is

a

2

b m

2

2

2

= n

2

and the point of

contact

a

2

n

2

b m

,

c

 

.

Let x + my + n = 0 is tangent to

 2 2 x 1 y 1 = 1 at ( x ,y 1 ) is − hyperbola a 2 b 2 1 xx 1 − yy 1 = 1 a 2 b 2 x + my + n = 0 …(i) x y 1 x − 1 − 1 0 = a    2 x a 1 2 2 y y    1 b 2 b   −     = = − 1 …(ii) m n x 1 = − y 1 = − 1 ∴ a 2 2 b m n ∴ x 1 − 1 = and − y 1 = − 1 a 2 n 2 b m n ∴ x 1 = − a 2 and y 1 = + 2 b m n n  − 2 a l + 2 b m  ∴ P ≡    n ,    n ∴ P ( x ,y 1 1 ) lies on line x + my + n = 0 ∴ x + my + n = 0 1 1 ∴     − a 2 n     + m     b m n 2  +   n = 0

Hyperbola

111

Mahesh Tutorials Science

Q-4)

Ans.

a

2

2

n

+

2

b m

2

n

+

n = 0

∴− a

2

2

∴ + n

+b m

2

2 = + a

2

2

2

+n

2

= 0

2

b m

2

a

2

b m = n

2

2

2

2

This is the condition that

x + my + n = 0 is a tangent

to hyperbola

x

2

1

a 2

y

2

1

b

2

= 1 and a point of contact is

P   

a

2

+

2

b m

n

,

n

  

.

Show that the line x y =1 is

tangent to the hyperbola

x 2

2

2y = 2 . Also

contact.

find the point of

x

2

2

y

2

=

2

…(i)

x y =1 x = y +1

Equation of line is

put this value in equation (i)

(

y +1

)

2 2y

2 = 2

y 2

∴ − y

+ 2y

+ 1 2y

2

2 +2y 1 = 0