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SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

El Presente Simple es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para describir acciones habituales que suceden con
cierta frecuencia y no hace referencia a si est ocurriendo en el momento actual.
I play tennis. (Yo juego tennis)
(Hace mencin de un deporte que realizo cotidianamente y que no necesariamente lo estoy jugando en este
momento).
He works in an office. (l trabaja en una oficina)
(Se refiere al trabajo que desarrolla una persona frecuentemente).
They travel to New York. (Ellos viajan a New York)
(Habla de un viaje que se repite a diario, aunque el sujeto no lo est realizando ahora).
A continuacin se muestran las formas afirmativa, interrogativa y negativa de este tiempo verbal:

En el cuadro superior se ha tomado como ejemplo el verbo PLAY (jugar). Observe que en el modo afirmativo,
en la 3 persona del singular, se le aade una "S" al verbo.
He eats vegetables.
(l come vegetales)
Alice dances at the theatre.
(Alice baila en el teatro)
The dog breaks the fence.
(El perro rompe la cerca)
En el modo interrogativo y negativo se utiliza el auxiliar DO, aunque en la 3 persona del singular se coloca
como auxiliar DOES y se le quita la "S" al verbo.

Existen algunos casos particulares como por ejemplo, si el verbo empleado termina en "SS", "SH", "CH", "O"
y "X" al formar la 3 persona del singular en la forma afirmativa se le agrega "ES". Aqu vemos algunos
ejemplos:

Los verbos terminados en SH. Ejemplo:


FISH (pescar), se conjugar:
He fishes at the sea. (l pesca en el mar)
Los verbos terminados en SS. Ejemplo:
KISS (besar), se conjugar:
She kisses to her boyfriend.
(Ella besa a su novio)
Los verbos terminados en CH. Ejemplo:
WATCH (observar), se conjugar:
He watches the mountain.
(l observa la montaa)
Los verbos terminados en X. Ejemplo:
FIX (arreglar), se conjugar:
He fixes his car.
(l arregla su carro)
Los verbos terminados en O. Ejemplo:
GO (ir), se conjugar:
She goes to the office.
(Ella va a la oficina)
Otra excepcin se presenta si el verbo termina en "Y" y le antecede una consonante. Para formar la 3
persona del singular se sustituye esta "Y" por una "i" acompaada de la terminacin "ES". Por ejemplo:
STUDY (estudiar) se conjugar:

She studies the lesson.

(Ella estudia la leccin)

Para la forma negativa se puede emplear la contraccin DON'T en lugar de DO NOT o DOESN'T en vez de
DOES NOT.
I don't play tennis.
(Yo no juego tennis)
He doesn't work in an office. (l no trabaja en una oficina)
They don't travel to New York. (Ellos no viajan a New York)

Exercise Nicks father

1. Nicks father

2. His office

(work) in London.

(be: am/is /are ) in a big building.

3. Every morning he

4. He

(get up) at six oclock.

(wash) in cold water.

5. He

(eat) eggs and toast for breakfast.

6. He

(drink) orange juice for breakfast.

7. He

(put on) his jeans and jacket.

8. Then he

9. He always

10.

He

(run) to the railway station.

(take) his umbrella.

(buy) a newspaper and

train.

(read) it on the

11.

In the evening he

(come) back home at five

oclock.
12.

After dinner he sometimes

(watch) television.

Fill in the verbs in Present Simple.

fly,/ cry,/ finish/,eat,/ live, /drink,/ go,/ speak,/ play,/ like


1. He

2. I

chips for dinner.

coffee three times a day.

3. She

to New York once a year.

4. We

Italian and English.

5. They

in Canada.

6. Tom and I

7. My dad

8. We

to school every day.

work at seven oclock.

tennis every weekend.

9. My friend

old films.

10.The baby

all the day.

Dont or Doesnt ???


1. He

don't /doesn't

2. She

3. I

live in Mexico.

don't /doesn't

don't /doesn't

work in a bank.

play golf once a week.

4. Ron

don't /doesn't

listen to the radio.

5. We

don't /doesn't

speak French.

6. You

don't /doesn't

drink coffee in the morning.

7. My cat

don't /doesn't

8. His car

don't /doesn'

9. Shelly

don't /doesn't

10. I

don't /doesn't

sleep at night.

work.

eat meat.

understand you.

Ask Yes/ No questions and answer them

1.

2.

Silvia do homework every day?

Roberto and John like tests?

5.

Rosa wear uniform to school ?

6.

Roberto and Anna help their

parents at home?

3.

Rosa like video games ?

7.

Anna do homework every day?

4.

Roberto and John drink milk in

8.

Silvia watch T.V.in the

the mornings?

afternoon?

doesn't/ don't
1. Two pupils

do homework every day.

4. Roberto and John

drink milk in the

mornings.
2. Two girls

3. Rosa

like tests.

6. One boy

help their parents at home.

like video games

8. One girl

watch T.V. in the

afternoon

Write the verbs in Present Simple

do, watch, wear, drink, help, like, play


1. Anna

homework every day.

2. Roberto and Anna


3. Anna T.V.
4. Anna

the parents at home?

in the afternoon.
milk in the mornigs.

5. John

video games.

6. Rosa

school uniform.

MAKE THE 3rd PERSON SINGULAR OF THESE VERBS:


Fix
Match

Wash
Stop

Believe

Drive

Watch

Think

See

Read

Do

Take

Write

Eat

Sleep

Type

Crash

Wake

WRITE THE VERB IN THE 3RD PERSON SINGULAR:


1. He
(sleep) 8 hours everyday.
2. My mother

(cook) a really tasty stew.

3. The barman

(mix) the cocktail very quickly.

4. She

(go) to the school by bus from Monday to Friday.

5. Bob

(try) to study but he can't.

6. Pamela

(write) an email to her sister in USA everyday.

7. My mum

(read) the book when she has got time.

8. The man

(wash) the car in the petrol station.

9. She

(watch) the TV 2 hours in the afternoon.

10. Alan

(like) puppies.

11. Sam's father


12. Your friend
13. She

(drive) to work everyday.


(listen) to the CD in class.

(buy) in the supermarket on Mondays.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE / PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE


Affirmative sentences:
Subject + to be + principal verb with ing -->
you are working. (usted
est trabajando)
Negative sentences:
Subject + to be + not + principal verb with ing --> you are not working.
(usted no est trabajando)
Interrogative sentences:
To be + subject + principal verb with ing? --> Are you working?
(Est
usted trabajando?)
WH Questions:
WH + to be + subject + principal verb with ing?
What are they playing?
Why is he laughing?
Present Progressive Forms
Affirmative

Negative

Yes / No Questions

I am working.

I am not working.

Am I working?

You are working.

You are not working.

Are you working?

He is working.

He is not working.

Is he working?

She is working.

She is not working.

Is she working?

It is working.

It is not working.

Is it working?

We are working.

We are not working.

Are we working?

You are working.

You are working.

They are working.

They are not


working.

Are you
working?

Are they working?

Signal words
Now, at the moment, Look! Listen!
USE.
El presente continuo se utiliza para hablar sobre algo que est pasando
en el momento en el que hablamos.
Example:

I'm studying English now.

Tambin lo usamos para hablar de algo que est sucediendo en la


actualidad pero no necesariamente cuando hablamos.
Example:

I'm looking for a job at the moment.

Usamos el presente continuo para hablar de algo que est ya decidido


que se har en el futuro.
Examples:
I'm meeting a friend this evening. (Me voy a encontrar con un amigo esta
noche)
What are you doing next weekend? (Qu vas a hacer este fin de semana?)

Tick the right box, appropriate to the action what you see.

crying

watering

watering

drinking

smoking

sending

cleaning

washing

drinking

crying

washing

sending

cleaning

smoking

watering

sending

crying

washing

working

treating

sleeping

drinking

sitting

shopping

WHAT ARE THEY DOING?

Look at the pictures and choose the correct word.

10

Smile play- paint- read sleep

The cowboy

Ron

the guitar.

The artist

a picture.

a book.
The baby

Teddy

with a butterfly.

The people

song.

Write the sentences to the pictures .Use the verbs in Present


Continuous.

11

1.
Bart/jump

2.
Rabbit/eat a carrot

3.
The man and the woman/dance

4.

5.
The boy/play on the computer

The frog/catch a fly

12

PLACES IN THE CITY

Write the correct preposition.- (far from - near from - beside - behind - between - across from)
Where is the police station?

The police station is

the bank and the store.

Where is the movie theater?


The movie theater is
the restaurant.
Where is the store?
The store is
the police station.
Where is the train station?
The train station is
the bank.
Where is the hospital?
The hospital is
the church.
Where is the school?
The school is
the drugstore.

13

Choose the correct option from the box

The restaurant is between the bank and the hotel.


The school is in front of the police station.
The supermarket is across from the train station.

Help the driver get where he wants.- Write true, if the direction is correct
or false if the direction is incorrect.
Excuse me. How do I get to the cinema?
It's easy. First, go straight,
turn right,
turn left,
then, drive for

one block,

14

two blocks.

After that,

Finally,

turn left,

turn right,

turn left and

blocks,

three blocks.

turn right and the cinema is


behind the castle.

15

drive for two

across from,