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1. The heaviest subatomic particle is the __________.

2. The only subatomic particle found outside the nucleus is the __________.
3. Elements toward the left side of the periodic table are __________.
4. The horizontal rows on the periodic table are the __________.
5. Ions with a positive charge are __________.
6. True/False. A neutron is heavier than a proton.
7. True/False. The mass number of an element appears on the periodic table.
8. True/False. The metalloids look like metals, but otherwise they have no
similarity to metals.
9. True/False. A group of atoms with an overall positive or negative charge is
an example of a compound.
10. Elements in the first column on the periodic table (IA or 1) usually have
what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
11. Elements in the second column on the periodic table (IIA or 2) usually
have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
12. Elements in the second to last column on the periodic table (VIIA or 17)
usually have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
13. Elements in the third to last column on the periodic table (VIA or 16) usually
have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
14. The sodium ions in sodium chloride, NaCl, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
15. The oxide ions in calcium oxide, CaO, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
16. The aluminum atoms in a piece of aluminum foil have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
17. The iron ions in iron(III) phosphide, FeP, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. +3 f. 0
18. The simplest formula for a compound containing Mn 4 and O2 is
a. MnO b. Mn2O4 c. Mn4O2 d. MnO2 e. none of these
19. The correct formula for dichlorine trioxide is
a. Cl2O b. Cl2O6 c. Cl2O3 d. Cl2O3
2 e. none of these

Atoms, Ions, and Molecules 27


20. Complete the following table

28 CHEMISTRY FOR THE UTTERLY CONFUSED


Na K Mn2 ___ ___
Protons 11 ___ ___ 54 ___
Neutrons ___ ___ ___ ___ 42
Electrons ___ 18 ___ ___ ___
Charge 0 1 ___ 0 3
Mass number 23 ___ ___ 130 75
53
25
40
19
23
11

21. Name each of the following compounds.


a. Na2S b. MgCl2 c. AlF3 d. CuO e. KH
22. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.
a. calcium chloride b. sodium oxide c. aluminum nitride
d. iron(II) fluoride e. iron(III) fluoride
23. Name each of the following compounds.

a. NO2 b. CO c. H2S d. Cl2O5 e. CH4


24. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.
a. hydrogen chloride b. sulfur dioxide c. sulfur trioxide
d. dinitrogen pentoxide e. ammonia
25. Name each of the following compounds.
a. NaNO3 b. K2CO3 c. CaSO4 d. (NH4)3PO4 e. Fe(NO2)2
26. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.
a. sodium phosphate b. ammonium bicarbonate c. magnesium nitrite
d. copper(I) chloride e. iron(III) oxide
27. Name each of the following acids.
a. HF b. HNO3 c. H3PO4 d. H2CO3 e. H2SO4
28. Give the formula of each of the following acids.
a. nitrous acid b. hydrosulfuric acid c. sulfuric acid
d. hydrochloric acid e. nitric acid
29. Locate each of the following elements on the periodic table and label it as
a metal or a nonmetal.
a. Cs b. Ra c. Tl d. P e. Se f. I
30. Based on their positions on the periodic table assign charges to the ions that
the elements in question 29 might form.

ANSWER KEY
1. neutron 2. electron 3. metals 4. periods 5. cations 6. true
7. false 8. false 9. false 10. a 11. c 12. b 13. d 14. a 15. d
16. f 17. e 18. d 19. c
20.

Atoms, Ions, and Molecules 29


Na K Mn2 Xe As3
Protons 11 19 25 54 33
Neutrons 12 21 28 76 42
Electrons 11 18 23 54 36
Charge 0 1 2 0 3
Mass number 23 40 53 130 75
75
33
130

541. The heaviest subatomic particle is the __________.


2. The only subatomic particle found outside the nucleus is the __________.
3. Elements toward the left side of the periodic table are __________.
4. The horizontal rows on the periodic table are the __________.
5. Ions with a positive charge are __________.
6. True/False. A neutron is heavier than a proton.
7. True/False. The mass number of an element appears on the periodic table.
8. True/False. The metalloids look like metals, but otherwise they have no
similarity to metals.
9. True/False. A group of atoms with an overall positive or negative charge is
an example of a compound.
10. Elements in the first column on the periodic table (IA or 1) usually have
what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
11. Elements in the second column on the periodic table (IIA or 2) usually
have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0

12. Elements in the second to last column on the periodic table (VIIA or 17)
usually have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
13. Elements in the third to last column on the periodic table (VIA or 16) usually
have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
14. The sodium ions in sodium chloride, NaCl, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
15. The oxide ions in calcium oxide, CaO, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
16. The aluminum atoms in a piece of aluminum foil have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
17. The iron ions in iron(III) phosphide, FeP, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. +3 f. 0
18. The simplest formula for a compound containing Mn4 and O2 is
a. MnO b. Mn2O4 c. Mn4O2 d. MnO2 e. none of these
19. The correct formula for dichlorine trioxide is
a. Cl2O b. Cl2O6 c. Cl2O3 d. Cl2O3
2 e. none of these
Atoms, Ions, and Molecules 27
20. Complete the following table
28 CHEMISTRY FOR THE UTTERLY CONFUSED
Na K Mn2 ___ ___
Protons 11 ___ ___ 54 ___
Neutrons ___ ___ ___ ___ 42
Electrons ___ 18 ___ ___ ___
Charge 0 1 ___ 0 3
Mass number 23 ___ ___ 130 75
53
25
40
19
23
11
21. Name each of the following compounds.
a. Na2S b. MgCl2 c. AlF3 d. CuO e. KH
22. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.
a. calcium chloride b. sodium oxide c. aluminum nitride
d. iron(II) fluoride e. iron(III) fluoride
23. Name each of the following compounds.
a. NO2 b. CO c. H2S d. Cl2O5 e. CH4
24. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.
a. hydrogen chloride b. sulfur dioxide c. sulfur trioxide
d. dinitrogen pentoxide e. ammonia
25. Name each of the following compounds.
a. NaNO3 b. K2CO3 c. CaSO4 d. (NH4)3PO4 e. Fe(NO2)2

26. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.


a. sodium phosphate b. ammonium bicarbonate c. magnesium nitrite
d. copper(I) chloride e. iron(III) oxide
27. Name each of the following acids.
a. HF b. HNO3 c. H3PO4 d. H2CO3 e. H2SO4
28. Give the formula of each of the following acids.
a. nitrous acid b. hydrosulfuric acid c. sulfuric acid
d. hydrochloric acid e. nitric acid
29. Locate each of the following elements on the periodic table and label it as
a metal or a nonmetal.
a. Cs b. Ra c. Tl d. P e. Se f. I
30. Based on their positions on the periodic table assign charges to the ions that
the elements in question 29 might form.
ANSWER KEY
1. neutron 2. electron 3. metals 4. periods 5. cations 6. true
7. false 8. false 9. false 10. a 11. c 12. b 13. d 14. a 15. d
16. f 17. e 18. d 19. c
20.
Atoms, Ions, and Molecules 29
Na K Mn2 Xe As3
Protons 11 19 25 54 33
Neutrons 12 21 28 76 42
Electrons 11 18 23 54 36
Charge 0 1 2 0 3
Mass number 23 40 53 130 75
75
33
130
54
53
25
40
19
23
11
21. a. sodium sulfide b. magnesium chloride c. aluminum fluoride
d. copper(II) oxide e. potassium hydride
22. a. CaCl2 b. Na2O c. AlN d. FeF2 e. FeF3
23. a. nitrogen dioxide b. carbon monoxide c. hydrogen sulfide
or hydrosulfuric acid d. dichlorine pentoxide e. methane
24. a. HCl b. SO2 c. SO3 d. N2O5 e. NH3
25. a. sodium nitrate b. potassium carbonate c. calcium sulfate
d. ammonium phosphate e. iron(II) nitrite
26. a. Na3PO4 b. NH4HCO3 c. Mg(NO2)2 d. CuCl e. Fe2O3
27. a. hydrofluoric acid b. nitric acid c. phosphoric acid d. carbonic acid
e. sulfuric acid

28. a. HNO2 b. H2S c. H2


SO4 d. HCl e. HNO3
29. a. metal b. metal c. metal d. nonmetal e. nonmetal f. nonmetal
30. a. Cs b. Ra2 c. Tl3 d. P3 e. Se2 f. I1. The heaviest subatomic particle is the
__________.
2. The only subatomic particle found outside the nucleus is the __________.
3. Elements toward the left side of the periodic table are __________.
4. The horizontal rows on the periodic table are the __________.
5. Ions with a positive charge are __________.
6. True/False. A neutron is heavier than a proton.
7. True/False. The mass number of an element appears on the periodic table.
8. True/False. The metalloids look like metals, but otherwise they have no
similarity to metals.
9. True/False. A group of atoms with an overall positive or negative charge is
an example of a compound.
10. Elements in the first column on the periodic table (IA or 1) usually have
what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
11. Elements in the second column on the periodic table (IIA or 2) usually
have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
12. Elements in the second to last column on the periodic table (VIIA or 17)
usually have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
13. Elements in the third to last column on the periodic table (VIA or 16) usually
have what charge in a compound?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
14. The sodium ions in sodium chloride, NaCl, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
15. The oxide ions in calcium oxide, CaO, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
16. The aluminum atoms in a piece of aluminum foil have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. 3 f. 0
17. The iron ions in iron(III) phosphide, FeP, have what charge?
a. 1 b. 1 c. 2 d. 2 e. +3 f. 0
18. The simplest formula for a compound containing Mn 4 and O2 is
a. MnO b. Mn2O4 c. Mn4O2 d. MnO2 e. none of these
19. The correct formula for dichlorine trioxide is
a. Cl2O b. Cl2O6 c. Cl2O3 d. Cl2O3
2 e. none of these

Atoms, Ions, and Molecules 27


20. Complete the following table

28 CHEMISTRY FOR THE UTTERLY CONFUSED


Na K Mn2 ___ ___
Protons 11 ___ ___ 54 ___
Neutrons ___ ___ ___ ___ 42
Electrons ___ 18 ___ ___ ___
Charge 0 1 ___ 0 3
Mass number 23 ___ ___ 130 75
53
25
40
19
23
11

21. Name each of the following compounds.

a. Na2S b. MgCl2 c. AlF3 d. CuO e. KH


22. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.
a. calcium chloride b. sodium oxide c. aluminum nitride
d. iron(II) fluoride e. iron(III) fluoride
23. Name each of the following compounds.
a. NO2 b. CO c. H2S d. Cl2O5 e. CH4
24. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.
a. hydrogen chloride b. sulfur dioxide c. sulfur trioxide
d. dinitrogen pentoxide e. ammonia
25. Name each of the following compounds.
a. NaNO3 b. K2CO3 c. CaSO4 d. (NH4)3PO4 e. Fe(NO2)2
26. Give the formula of each of the following compounds.
a. sodium phosphate b. ammonium bicarbonate c. magnesium nitrite
d. copper(I) chloride e. iron(III) oxide
27. Name each of the following acids.
a. HF b. HNO3 c. H3PO4 d. H2CO3 e. H2SO4
28. Give the formula of each of the following acids.
a. nitrous acid b. hydrosulfuric acid c. sulfuric acid
d. hydrochloric acid e. nitric acid
29. Locate each of the following elements on the periodic table and label it as
a metal or a nonmetal.
a. Cs b. Ra c. Tl d. P e. Se f. I
30. Based on their positions on the periodic table assign charges to the ions that
the elements in question 29 might form.

ANSWER KEY
1. neutron 2. electron 3. metals 4. periods 5. cations 6. true
7. false 8. false 9. false 10. a 11. c 12. b 13. d 14. a 15. d
16. f 17. e 18. d 19. c
20.

Atoms, Ions, and Molecules 29


Na K Mn2 Xe As3
Protons 11 19 25 54 33
Neutrons 12 21 28 76 42
Electrons 11 18 23 54 36
Charge 0 1 2 0 3
Mass number 23 40 53 130 75
75
33
130
54
53
25
40
19
23
11

21. a. sodium sulfide b. magnesium chloride c. aluminum fluoride


d. copper(II) oxide e. potassium hydride
22. a. CaCl2 b. Na2O c. AlN d. FeF2 e. FeF3
23. a. nitrogen dioxide b. carbon monoxide c. hydrogen sulfide
or hydrosulfuric acid d. dichlorine pentoxide e. methane
24. a. HCl b. SO2 c. SO3 d. N2O5 e. NH3
25. a. sodium nitrate b. potassium carbonate c. calcium sulfate
d. ammonium phosphate e. iron(II) nitrite
26. a. Na3PO4 b. NH4HCO3 c. Mg(NO2)2 d. CuCl e. Fe2O3
27. a. hydrofluoric acid b. nitric acid c. phosphoric acid d. carbonic acid
e. sulfuric acid
28. a. HNO2 b. H2S c. H2
SO4 d. HCl e. HNO3

29. a. metal b. metal c. metal d. nonmetal e. nonmetal f. nonmetal


30. a. Cs b. Ra2 c. Tl3 d. P3 e. Se2 f. I
53
25
40
19
23
11

21. a. sodium sulfide b. magnesium chloride c. aluminum fluoride


d. copper(II) oxide e. potassium hydride
22. a. CaCl2 b. Na2O c. AlN d. FeF2 e. FeF3
23. a. nitrogen dioxide b. carbon monoxide c. hydrogen sulfide
or hydrosulfuric acid d. dichlorine pentoxide e. methane
24. a. HCl b. SO2 c. SO3 d. N2O5 e. NH3
25. a. sodium nitrate b. potassium carbonate c. calcium sulfate
d. ammonium phosphate e. iron(II) nitrite
26. a. Na3PO4 b. NH4HCO3 c. Mg(NO2)2 d. CuCl e. Fe2O3
27. a. hydrofluoric acid b. nitric acid c. phosphoric acid d. carbonic acid
e. sulfuric acid
28. a. HNO2 b. H2S c. H2
SO4 d. HCl e. HNO3
29. a. metal b. metal c. metal d. nonmetal e. nonmetal f. nonmetal
30. a. Cs b. Ra2 c. Tl3 d. P3 e. Se2 f. I