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Jan Aries Montoya

BSCE 5-2
1. A ____ is an area (prototypically filled with water, also of variable size),
localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land apart from any river or
other outlet that serves to feed or drain. (lake)
2. lakes that do not have a natural outflow and lose water solely by
evaporation or underground seepage or both. (Endorheic lakes)
3. uses of lakes

hydro-electric power generation

aesthetic purposes

recreational purposes

industrial use

agricultural use

domestic water supply

4. types of lakes

Oligotrophic

Mesotrophic

Eutrophic

Hypertrophic

Roque, Mark John D.


BSCE 5-2

201112602

1. Enumerate

the different uses of Surface Water


DOMESTIC
IRRIGATION
INDUSTRIAL
THERMOELECTRIC POWER
LIVESTOCK
AQUACULTURE WATER USE
MINING

2. Enumerate the different pollutants that enter the ocean


MARITIME TRANSPORTATION
SEWAGE
AIR POLLUTANTS
FARM RUNOFF
LITTER
OFFSHORE OIL
INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER
3. What is Surface Water?
(defined as waters falling upon and naturally spreading
over lands. They may come from seasonal rains, melting
snows, swamps or springs, or from all of them)
4. Explain why ocean is a storehouse of water
(It is estimated that of the 332,500,000 cubic miles (mi3)
of the world's water supply, about 321,000,000 mi3 is stored in
oceans. That is about 96.5 percent. It is also estimated that
the oceans supply about 90 percent of the evaporated water
that goes into the water cycle.)
5. What is Desalination?
(Salt water is desalinated to produce fresh water suitable
for human consumption or
irrigation. One potential byproduct of desalination is
salt.)
Rey G. Destacamento

BSCE 5-2
1. _____ is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing
towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river
flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without
reaching another body of water. (River)

2. Uses of river

source of water,
for obtaining food,
for transport
as a defensive measure,
as a source of hydropower to drive machinery,
for bathing,
as a means of disposing of waste
The coarse sediments
Recreational park

3.

Importance of river
Water
Habitat
Transport
Farming
Energy

4.

Give at least 5 rivers found in the Philippines


Agno river
Pasig river
Davao river
Cagayan de oro river
Chico river
Agusan river
Pampanga river

AUDITOR, REY C.
STREAM
I.
1. It is a point of demarcation along the route of a stream or river, used
for reference marking or water monitoring. (Gauging Station)
2. _________ is a stream which does not have any other recurring or
perennial stream feeding into it. (First Order Stream)
3. It is a body of running water moving under the influence of gravity to
lower levels in a narrow clearly defined natural channel. (Stream)
4. A shoal that develops in a stream as sediment is deposited as the
current slows or is impeded by wave action at the confluence. (Bar)
5. It refers to the elevation of the water surface relative to an arbitrary
fixed point. (Stage)
6. It is defined as the rate of flow or the volume of water that passes
through a channel cross section in a specific period of time.
(Discharge)
7. _________ is an equation determined for a specific site that relates
discharge to stage, based on a linear regression of a series of
concurrent measurements of stage and discharge. (Stage-discharge
Relationship)
8. It is defined as the cross-sectional area divided by the wetted
perimeter. (Hydraulic Radius)
9. _________ is characterized by sparse riparian vegetation and
excessively eroding cut banks, which may slough into the active
stream channel. (Bank Instability)
10.
It is a direct measurement that simply measure the time required
to fill a container of known volume. (Volumetric Measurement)
I.
1. Purposes of flow measurement.
Problem assessment
Watershed project planning
Assessment of treatment needs
Targeting source areas
Design of management measures
Project evaluation.
2. Characteristics of stream
Ranking
Gradient
Profile
Streamload