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Circe

Circe (Gr. KipKrt), in Greek legend, a famous sorceress[sawr-ser-is],


the daughter of Helios [hee-lee-os]and the ocean nymph [nmf] Perse.
Having murdered her husband, the prince of Colchis [kol-kis], she was
expelled by her subjects and placed by her father on the solitary island
of Aeaea [ee-ee-uh] on the coast of Italy. She was able by means of
drugs and incantations to change human beings into the forms of
wolves or lions, and with these beings her palace was surrounded.
Here she was found by Odysseus[oh-dis-ee-uh s, oh-dis-yoos] and his
companions; the latter she changed into swine, but the hero, protected
by the herb moly, which n he had received from Hermes, not only
forced her to restore them to their original shape, but also gained her
love. For a year he relinquished himself to her endearments, and when
he determined to leave, she instructed him how to sail to the land of
shades which lay on the verge of the ocean stream, in order to learn
his fate from the prophet Teiresias[tahy-ree-see-uh s]. Upon his return she
also gave him directions for avoiding the dangers of the journey home
(Homer, Odyssey, x. - xii.; Hyginus, Fab. 125). The Roman poets
associated her with the most ancient traditions of Latium[ley-shee-uh m],
and assigned her a home on the promontory of Circei (Virgil, Aeneid,
vii. 10). The metamorphoses of Scylla and of Picus, king of the
Ausonians, by Circe, are narrated in Ovid (Metamorphoses, xiv.). The
Myth of Kirke, by R. Brown (1883), in which Circe is explained as a
moon-goddess of Babylonian origin, contains an exhaustive summary
of facts, although many of the author's speculations may be proved
untenable
Circe (Gr. KipKrt), in Greek legend, a famous sorceress [sawr-ser-is], the
daughter of Helios [hee-lee-os]and the ocean nymph [nmf] Perse. Having
murdered her husband, the prince of Colchis [kol-kis], she was expelled by
her subjects and placed by her father on the solitary island of Aeaea [ee-eeuh] on the coast of Italy. She was able by means of drugs and incantations to
change human beings into the forms of wolves or lions, and with these beings
her palace was surrounded. Here she was found by Odysseus[oh-dis-ee-uh s,
oh-dis-yoos] and his companions; the latter she changed into swine, but the
hero, protected by the herb moly, which n he had received from Hermes, not
only forced her to restore them to their original shape, but also gained her
love. For a year he relinquished himself to her endearments, and when he
determined to leave, she instructed him how to sail to the land of shades
which lay on the verge of the ocean stream, in order to learn his fate from the
prophet Teiresias[tahy-ree-see-uh s]. Upon his return she also gave him
directions for avoiding the dangers of the journey home (Homer, Odyssey, x. xii.; Hyginus, Fab. 125). The Roman poets associated her with the most
ancient traditions of Latium[ley-shee-uh m], and assigned her a home on the
promontory of Circei (Virgil, Aeneid, vii. 10). The

metamorphoses[,met'm:,fz, -,fs] of Scylla and of Picus, king of the


Ausonians, by Circe, are narrated in Ovid (Metamorphoses, xiv.). The Myth of
Kirke, by R. Brown (1883), in which Circe is explained as a moon-goddess of
Babylonian origin, contains an exhaustive summary of facts, although many
of the author's speculations may be proved untenable

Modern usage :a dangerously or irresistibly fascinating woman.

In Greek mythology, Circe (pronounced /srsi/; Greek Krk "falcon") is a


minor goddess of magic (or sometimes a nymph, witch, enchantress or sorceress) living
on the island of Aeaea, famous for her part in the adventures of Odysseus in Homer's
Odyssey.

By most accounts, Circe was the daughter of Helios, the god of the sun, and Perse, an
Oceanid, and the sister of Aeetes, the keeper of the Golden Fleece, Perses, and Pasipha,
the Wife of King Minos and mother of the Minotaur.[1] Other accounts make her the
daughter of Hecate.[2]
Circe transformed her enemies, or those who offended her, into animals through the use
of magical potions. She was known for her knowledge of drugs and herbs.
That Circe also purified the Argonauts for the death of Apsyrtus, as related in
Argonautica,[3] may reflect early tradition.[4]