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Experiment No.

1
Experiment Title: Prime Mover Measurement

Submitted by: Euzziel E. Eclarinal


EEC501L/L31/TH/14:00-16:50
Submitted to: Engr. Raymond R. Raguindin
Date submitted: 08/06/2015

Final Data Sheet:

Without DC Excitation

I1

I2

I3

Average

1.4

1.3

1.39

1.36

Minimum DC Excitation
Maximum DC Excitation

0.6
1.1

Setup:

Figure 1
Setup for Three-phase synchronous motor

0.2
0.9

0.4
0.9

0.4
0.96

Figure 2
Tachometer to measure rotational speed of the motor

Final Data Analysis


The first few steps in the procedure identified and showed how to properly connect a
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator to its respected source, ammeter, and rheostat.
Correct connections yielded to a running Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator. We were
instructed to adjust the rheostat value first at maximum resistance and then at minimum
resistance. Both values correspond to minimal change in current. Minimum DC excitation
yielded far lower current compared to the result done without DC excitation. Maximum DC
excitation gave less difference compared to the process without DC excitation.
We then recorded the position of the rheostat knob of minimum stator current value
which was at approximately 40 (this knob position will be the nonnal excitation) further
adjustment creates humming sound and unstable current which might overwork the motor itself.

Using the Tachometer(device used to measure rotational speed), all three current
excitation variations yielded with the same speed or with very minimal discrepancy. To observe
the rotational direction of the generator, we siwtched of the generator to decrease the speed at a
level which we can observe the rorational direction of the generator. At normal circumstances
(following the connections in the procedure), the generators direction is at clockwise which
means that the generator at this state runs at positive speed value. Interchanging the input voltage
polarity reverses the rotational speed direction to counter-clockwise which means that at this
state, the generator runs at negative speed value.

Conclusion:
To conclude, the Prime mover generator or Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator is
basically a voltage-to-speed converter. This means that higher voltage yields in faster rotational
speed. Current on the other hand, does not affect the speed at which the motor runs nor the
rotational direction which it rotates which was measured using a tachometer. Voltage source
polarity will change how the generator rotates as we did so on procedure step 8. Varying the DC
excitation was done using the rheostat which changes the resistance which in turn affects the
current flowing through the generator.
Since we could not finish the experiment due to some technical difficulties concerning
with operational status of the machine and measuring device problems, this is the most data we
could conclude.

Review Questions:
1.) How can you reverse the direction of rotation of a synchronous motor?
-direction of the rotation can be reversed by interchanging the source polarity.
2.) What effect does varying the DC incitation have on the stator current of a synchronous
motor?
-it changes the current but does not change the rotational speed and direction at which the
motor runs.
3.) How can you increase the power output of a synchronous motor?
-to change the power output of a synchronous motor, mechanical load should change.
4.) Calculate the developed motor mechanical output power in procedure 16B or 20i
Mechanical output power (hp) =
5.) Calculate the developed motor mechanical output power in procedure 18 or 21 (just prior
to breakdown).
Mechanical output power (hp) =
6.) Which torque measuring device is easier to use, the electrodynamometer or the Prony
Brake?
-we did not come this far but since electric device gives better results,
electrodynamometer since it does not rely on fixed weights but on power output of the
motor.
7.) Where is the power (heat) dissipated in the electrodynamometer?
-the rotor at which the motor is in contact with the measuring device,
8.) Where is the power (heat) dissipated in the Prony brake?
-heat dissipated in the brake blocks.