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XXXII, 4.
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LXI.

LXXIII, 2.

LXXIII, 3.

LXXVI.
LXXVII

LXXVIII.

LXXIX

LXXX.

. ( ). . IV. . , . . .. ., 1986.
. ( ) . V . , . . .. , 1987.
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... , 1996.
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., , .. ... .,
1986.
. 2
. , ., . . ..- ..-. ., 1990 (Bibliotheca Buddhica.
XXXIV).
. . 3.
. , ., . . ..-, ..-, ... ., 2004 (Bibliotheca Buddhica. XL).
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1987.
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LXXXIII.
LXXXIV.

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LXXXVII.

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XCI.
.
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XCV.
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XCVII.
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(1149-1169). . , . , . . ... 4- .
. 1. . ., 1987.
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XXXV).
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... ., 1990.
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XCIX.

. ( ).
1. . . , . . ... ., 1991 (BibliothecaBuddhica. XXXVII1).
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XXXIX).
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CIX.
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217

105

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107

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; ;

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113
118
121
123
124
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126
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222
225
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133
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227
229
230
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231
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135
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139
141
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232
233
233
233
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. .

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239

145
150

240
242

151
151
154
155

242
243

156
157
158
159
160
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243
244
244
245

161

246

163
164
165
166

248
248
250
250

168
170
170
171
172
174
176
177
177

253
253
253
253
255
257
258
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77 [ -]
78 [ , ,
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79 [ ]
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201

203

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2. -

289

12

177 258
178
179
180
181
182
182
183

258
259
260
260
261
263
263

183
184
185
186

264
275
276
277

186 277
187 278
189 279
190 280
191 280
192 281
193 282
196 286
198 287
199 288

291
332


3.
4.

353
367

385

387

399

Summary

419


- .
, ,
.
, . - , .

1. , :
; ; , .. ,
. ,
, (
- ).
, . , ,
, ' ., : P.V. History of Dharmasastra (Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India). Vol. 1-V. Poona, 1930-1958 (Government Oriental Series.
Class B, 6 ) . 2nd ed.: Poona, 1968-1977 (Vol. 1. Revised and Enlarged). Vol. I, c. 1-6
( P.V. Kane ); Lingat R. The Classical Law of
India (transl. of Les sources du droit dans le systeme tradilionnel de I'Inde. P., 1967).
Transl. with additions by J.D.M. Derrett. Los Angeles, 1973; Halbfass W. India and
Europe: An Essay in Philosophical Understanding. Delhi, 1990, 310-333; Dharmasutras: The Law Codes of Apastamba, Gautama, Baudhayana, and Vasistha. Annot. Text
and Transl. by P. Olivelle. Delhi, 2000, 14-17; . ,
, .
14

. - . , ,
, .

( , ) . -
, - (sanatana
dharma) . ,
. , ,
.
,
, .

. , ,
. , , , .
( )
. -,
- -.
, . (, ) , , , .., ,
, , ,
2.
- .
, , , 2

., : GondaJ. The Ritual Sutras. Wiesbaden, 1977 (A History


of Indian Literature. Ed. by J. Gonda. Vol. I. Fasc. 2), 465.
15

. , , , , , .
, , , .
. ,
, , ,
, .
, , 4.
, ,
, (,
- -,
), , ( ). ,
, . , ,
,
.
, .
,

, ,
.
3
. : Banerji S.Ch. Dharma-sutras. A Study of Their Origin and Development.
Calcutta, 1962.
4
The Sacred Laws of the Aryas as Taught in the Schools of Apastamba, Gautama,
Vasishtha and Baudhayana. Transl. by G. Buhler. Pt t. Apastamba and Gautama. Oxf.,
1879 (SBE. Vol. 2); pt II. Vasishtha and Baudhayana. Oxf., 1882 (SBE. Vol. 14). . : DharmasOtras: The Law Codes of Apastamba, Gautama,
Baudhayana, and Vasistha. Annot. Text and Transl. by P. Olivelle. Delhi, 2000.

16

, , ,
.
, , , . I .
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: 1) ( VI . .. ); 2) (I . .. 800 .); 3) 17

( VII . 1800 .).


( XII .) . - (XVII .)
. XII .
.


-
7 . -

.
-
History of Ancient Sanskrit Literature8. , ,
9 . . 10 . -

5
, () . : . ,
.. (1797), , .
(1788). .: Lingat R. The Classical Law of India,
107-108.
6
Kane P. V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. I, c. 545-546. - . .. : ,
,
. -
. .: Lingat The Classical Law of India, c. 95; DerrettJ.D.M.
Dharmasastra and Juridical Literature. Wiesbaden, 1973 (A History of Indian Literature.
Ed. by J. Gonda. Vol. IV, pt I), c. 31-32; .
7
.: , . 3-55; .., A.M. : . ., 1984, . 3-54; A.M. . ., 1991, . 13-20; .. . :
, , , . ., 2002.
* Miilhr M. History of Ancient Sanskrit Literature. L., 1859.
* Mailer M. History, 134 (. : The Institutes of Vishnu. Transl. by J. Jolly.
Oxf., 1880 [SBE. Vol. 7], ix); The Sacred Laws of the Aryas, pt I, c. ix-xi.
10
.: The Institutes of Vishnu, ix.

18

- . (1849-1932) XIX
XX . ( ) - , . ".
. 12,
,
, , -,
13.
. . , . - , .
. - , ,
, -14. . -
.
, , , . .
20- XX . , . .. .
(Rechtbiicher), (Zauberbiicher), " . 187S .
(.: Sanskrit MSS. Extracts from Dr. G. Buhler's Preliminary Report
on the Results of the Search for Sanskrit MSS in Kasmir. The Indian Antiquary. 1876,
vol. V, 30; . : The Kathakagrhyasutra with Extracts from Three Commentaries,
an Appendix and Indexes. Ed. for the first time by W. Caland. Lahore, 1925, i).
12
Jolly J. Das Dharmasutra des Vishnu und Kathakagrhyasutra. Sitzungsberichte
der philosophisch-philologischen und historischen Classe der k.b. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Munchen. Bd. II, H. I. Munchen, 1879, 21-82.
13
The Institutes of Vishnu, ix-xxxvii.
14
.
- (The Laws of Manu. Transl. by G. Biihler. Oxf., 1886
[SBE. Vol. 25]) .
19

15
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13
Meyer J.J. Uber das Wesen der altindischen Rechtsschriften und ihr Verhaltnis zu
einander und zu Kautilya. Lpz., 1927, 331.
16
, . 11.
17
.., A.M. , . 15.
'" Meyer J.J. Uber das Wesen, . 195.

20


, XX . , XIX .,
, - .
-
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. 1968. ..
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(XII .), , ,
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), . .
. , . .. , ,
19

. V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. I, . 112-127.


, . 118.
21
.. 1930 . (vol. 1)
(Dana-, Rajadharma- Vyavahara-kanija), , 1941 1958 ., . ,
.
20

21


22
.
- . ,
.. , .
, , - . 24 . , " , . " , , " 5 .
-
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, 6
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(Sacred Books of the East) .

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,
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22

RenouL. Sur la forme de quelques textes Sanskrits. Renou L. Choix d'dtudes


indiennes. T. II. P., 1997, 519.
23
Lingat R. The Classical Law of India, 25-27.
24
.: A.M. , . 19-20.
25
DerretiJ.D.M. DharmaSastra, . 26.
26
, . , (Gampert W. Die Silhnezeremonien in der altindischen Rechtsliteratur. Prag, 1939).
22


27

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, -,
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. , , . 27

, .: Banerji S.Ch. Dharma-sQtras.


Charpentier J. Some Remarks on the Bhagavad Gita. The Indian Antiquary.
1930, vol. , 80 (. no: Malinar A. Rajavidya: Das konigliche Wissen urn Herrschaft
und Verzicht. Studien zur Bhagavadgita. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1996, 131). ,
, -
- .: Oberlies Th. Die Svetasvatara-Upanisad: Eine Studie ihrer
Gotteslehre [Studien zu den 'mittleren' Upanisads I]. Wiener Zeitschrift fiir die Kunde
Sudasiens 32, 1988, 58 (. : Malinar A. Rajavidya, 132-133).
28

23

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- ,
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, 100
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14 ; 34, 39, 40, 42 76
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: - (Visnu-sutra), -29

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24

pa (Visnu-dharmasutra), - (Visnu-smrti), - (Vaisnava-dharmasastra) ..


, ,
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, - (), ( 29.9-10; 30.47; 56.27; 72.7; 86.16),
31

Lingal R. The Classical Law of India, 26.


(dvandva)
.
32

25

. (
, -, -
, .)
: (indravajra 19.23-24)
(upajati 23.61; 59.30). ,
(gatha) ( 78.52-53; 80.14; 83.21; 85.69-71; 87.8-10;
88.4).
, ; ,
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33.
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, 20, 55 93,
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(, ..).
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33

.: Sternbach L. Hitopadesa and its sources. New Haven, 1960.


. , (Renou L. Sur la forme, . 521), ,
.
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26

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. 17.17; 22.43; 28.19; 48.6; 54.7 96.23.


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37
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39
18, 21, 24, 28, 33, 43, 44, 46-48, 53, 55-58, 61-63, 65, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83,
85-88,91 96.
4
" Renou L. Sur la forme, . 520.
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A.M. , ,
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: A.M. . ., 1994, . 131-132; .
, . 62-64.
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, . xii.
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39


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The Institutes of Vishnu, c. xii.


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65.7; .: . V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. 1, . 124)
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(77) , (78) , (79) , (80) , (81), (82) , (83) ,
(84) , (85) , (86) , (87) , (88) , (89) , (90) , (91) , (92) ,
(93) , (94) , (95) , (96) , (97) , (98), (99) , (100) , (101) !
(102) , , , [], .

99
[
]
(1) , ,
, ,
:
(2) , ; [] ,
; ,
; !
(3) , , [ ]
, , , , , ,
!
(4) , , , , , , .
, , ; ;
, , !
199

(5) !", , ,
, ,
, , , , ", ,
.
(6) ,
, ,
,
.
(7) , , , :
.
(8) , ,
, ,
.
(9) , , ,
. , , .
(10) , , ! ,
.
(11) ,
, ,
, .
(12) ,
, , , ,
, .
(13) , ,
, ,
.
(14) , , ,
, ;
, , , ;
(15) , , , , ; , !", !" ;
(16) , , ,
; , , , ;
200

(17) , , ,
, , , ;
(18)
, ,
, , ,
, .
(19) [] , , , ,
; ,
, ,
.
(20) [] , ,
, ,
,
.
(21) [] , , , , [] , ,
.
(22) [] , ,
, , , ,
, .
(23) !

100
[ .
, ]
(1) ,
, ,
.
(2) , , , , .
201

(3) ,
; , ,
.
(4) , ,
. , , !
(5) , , , , , .

1
1

... (bhutani)...
, , : , ,
; . 1.43^46. - .: Manu's Code of Law. A Critical Edition
and Translation of the Manava-Dharmasastra by P. Olivelle. With the editorial
assistance of S. Olivelle. N. Y., 2005 (South Asia Research).
2
3-11 , . (., , I.IV.32-34;
- .: The Visnu Purana.
A System of Hindu Mythology and Tradition. Text in Devanagari, English
Translation, Notes and Appendices, etc. Transl. and Illustrated by Notes Derived Chiefly from other Puranas by H.H. Wilson. Vol. 1-2. Delhi, 1989).
3
To .
... ... :
, :
.
5
... ... : veda-anga-sruti-bhusanah. , , , -
, ,
veda , , ,
anga , . . , ,
( ): "...his
ears were the two bundles of Kus"a grass (for the Ishtis, or smaller sacrifices, and
for the animal offerings); his ear-rings were the ends of those bundles of Kusa
grass (used for wiping the ladle and other sacrificial implements)..." (
. .: The Institutes of Vishnu.
Transl. by J. Jolly. Oxf, 1880 [SBE. Vol. 7]);
. , , .
6

... ... ,
, ,
.
205

... (bija-osadhi)... ,
, ; .
.
8
......
: antar-atman, ,
.. , .
9
... (mantra-sphig-vikrtah)...
(Qha) ; . . 220, . 3.
10
... ...
: dTksabhir anvitah.
" (upakarma) ,
upakarma upakarana.
,
, ( VII. 12.5-8; - .: Apastamba-Srauta-SOtra. Text with English Translation and Notes by G.U. Thite. Vol. III. Delhi, 2004).
12
(chaya) . . - , . , ,
.
.
... ... : ekarnava, ,
, , .
14
(sapta patala) . - ( ),
, , , , ,
.
. - (II.V) :
1) (atala), 2) (vitala), 3) (nitala), 4)
(gabhastimat), 5) (mahatala), 6) (sutala), 7) (patala).
- - :
1), 2) , 3) , 4) (talatala), 5) ,
6) (rasatala), 7) . .: The Visnu Purana, . 294-295.
15
, , - . - ,
, : 1) - (bhurloka) , , , ,
; 2) - (bhuvar-loka) , ; 3) (svar-loka) ,
; , , , ; 4) - (mahar-loka) ; 5) - (janarloka) ; 6) - (tapo-loka) ,
; 7) - - (brahma-loka / satya-loka) , . .: The Visnu Purana, . 306-310.
206

-
, ,
. ()
- (jambu-dvTpa). : 1) - (lavana) ; 2) -
(plaksa-dvTpa) (iksu),
(iksu); 3) - (salmala-dvTpa)
(sura); 4) - (kusa-dvlpa) (sarpis), ; 5) - (kraufica-dvTpa) (dadhi), ; 6) - (sveta-dvlpa) (ksjra), (kslroda); 7) -
(puskara-dvTpa) (Jala). -
. .: The Visnu Purana, . 283-293.
17
(, , ,
), (, , , , , , , ), . ,
, , , - ,
- , - , - .
18
(saptarsi) -,
;
. , , , , , , , .
19
... ... .. .
... ... .
21
..., , , , ...
.
22
... ... : cara-, , , .. .
... , (avijnatam gatim yate).
, , (
).
24
() , ;
; (), .
25
(Sankha); ,
(cakra sudarsana); , (gada); (sarnga), (nandaka) .; . 1.50 98.2.
26
... ... ..
() ().

207


27

: varnanam
airamanam ca dharman vada sanatanan.
. (
. .: Visnu Smrti: The Institutes of
Visnu. Together with Extracts from the Sanskrit Commentary of Nandapandita
Called Vaijayanti. Ed. with Critical Notes, an Anukramanika, and Indexes of
Words and Mantras by J. Jolly. Calcutta, 1881. Repr. Varanasi, 1962 [Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series. Work 95]).
: sanatanan ( [ ])
sanatana ( !). sanatana dharma ( )
; 1.61,63.
(ksetra-ksetra-jna). (ksetra) ,
, ; ,
, ..
; ,
, ,
, . , .. !. . 96.97, 98.
29
...... : jlmflta , .
30
(sapta-sirsa). :
:
(pakasamstha), (havihsamstha) (somasamstha);
: , ... ,
;
, - , .
- , (.
98.44).
31
... (sa-rahasyan sasamgrahan). , ,
, ., .. , ,
.

2
' , - 2.
2
5-8 , 11-14
(etesarn vrttayah),
: ,
, (sva-karma).
208

... (pasupalana)...
, ,
.
4
... ...
: yoni-posanani.
V.2.29 (
.. .: The KautilTya Arthasastra. Vol. IIII
(Pt IIII). Vol. I. A Critical Edition with a Glossary. Vol. II. An English Translation with Critical and Explanatory Notes. Vol. III. A Study. Ed. and transl. by
R.P. Kangle. Bombay, 1961-1965. Repr. Delhi, 1992)
yoni-posaka, V.2.21, 28 , , .. bandhakT-posaka,
(, . .
. . . .. . .-., 1959) .. ; ..
"keepers of harlots". .. , V.2.29, yoni-posaka asatT-posana ( , ) (3.111) (Meyer J.J. Das altindische Buch
vom Welt- und Staatsleben: Das Arthasastra des Kautilya. Lpz., 1926, 374375). .. .. , .. ,
yoni-posaka , ..
- . .
, ,
yoni-posana , IX.330,
, : (bTjanam), ; . , yoni-posana
MW -.

3
.. . , , , ,
. , VII.70 XII.87.5 (
.: The Mahabharata. Critical
Edition by V.S. Sukthankar. Vol. I-V. Poona, 1971-1976),
II.3.1-2, , , .
2
.

, ( , ..), 209


(, ..), .
- .

: rastra (, ), 3.33 VI. 1.1 ( janapada
), , , IX.294
1.353 ( ,
, ;
- . :
Yajfiavalkyasmrti of YogTsvara Yajfiavalkya with the Mitaksara Commentary of
Vijfianes'vara. Ed. with the "Prakash" Hindi Commentary by U.Ch. Pandey.
Varanasi, 1983).
4
... [] (madhyama)... .. , , ,
( ).
5
3.38 . . II. 10.47-56.
6
3.39 . . VI.2.
1
... ... (-
-) , ,
.
(varnasamkara) - , .
... ... .. ( ).
,
.

4
4 . .
, .
, ,
.. VII.12.105 ( - . : Caraka-Samhita. Text with English Translation.Jz<i and
transl. by Priyavrat Sharma. Vol. 1-4. Varanasi, 2001) 210


, .
11.19 VII. 12.8797, 105; . VIII. 132-138 1.362336, , ,
, .
1
(trasarenu) , VIII. 132,
. III. 11.5 ( . : Bhagavata Purana of Krsna Dvaipayana Vyasa.
With Sanskrit Commentary Bhavarthabodhin! of SrTdhara Svamin. Ed. by
J.L. Shastri. Delhi, 1983)
( ),
(paramanu), (anu) . .20.2 - , (paramanu).
( 11.20) ( III.11).
2
(liksa) , , .. . .20.3 - .
3
(raja-sarsapa) , .
4
(gaura-sarsapa) , .
5
(yava) , .
6
(niska) ,
(.
1.126.2; . : Die
Hymnen des Rigveda. Ed. by Th. Aufrecht. Darmstadt, 1955);
.
7
VIII.135 : ,
; 1.364: .
8
VIII. 136: .
... []...
VIII. 136: [] ,
1.364: [] , .
10
(karsa) , 16 =
80 raktika = V* 176 (1 = 0,0648 ).

5
' ({ () . 35.
... .
: vadhyah. vadha
,

(danda) , ,
1

211

, a vadha
. VIII.129 :
, , ,
. VIII. 125 (= 19.44;
- .: The Naradasmrti. Critical Edition and Translation
by R. Lariviere. Delhi, 2003 [Sources of Ancient Indian Law])
() : ,
, , , , , , , .
(dhana) , . , .
, ,
, , vadha , , . , , , , . . , . 3.
3
[ ] . :
sariro brahmanasya dandah.
4
... ... : guru-talpa-gamane.
Guru-talpa , [] .
5
... . ..
.
6
... .
: hanyat. han
, , ;
, .
() . 37.
... ... : antya. ,
, -, , antya
(): , , , , , .
9
... ... : taila. t a i l a , ; . . 250, . 5.
10
... ... :
.
" ... (sa-udaya). ,
.
12
. 5.137 ,
. .
... []... , ,
.
212


14

... ... , ,
.

6
1

. 1.96( 108); 109,


(pntidatta).
2
(sthavara) , , , ,
(
) ( . . . A.M. A III. 12.15: .., A.M. : . , 1984, . 75, 117-118).
3
: , ..
[ ] , [ ]
(samtatih stripas"unam). 1.92( 107),
, . , . . (.: The Naradasmrti, . 303) ( . ) ,
, (. .. A.M. : . .
. . .. A.M. . ,
. .. . ., 1998, . 168). , samtatih
(, ) ( ..),
.
... (samaya-kriya). ..
; . . 214, . 9, . 1.

7
1

... (raja-saksikam)... , .
1.115( 135) , : [] , . , (. . :
The Naradasmrti, . 310), , , , .
3
, , 11.89: 2

213


, , , ....
4
7.11 1.116, .
s
... (tad-yukti-pratirupitaih)... ,
. . 1.123( 143), 11.92.
6
... (tat-krtais" cihnaih)... ,
. , ; . . 1.123: The Naradasmrti, . 312-313.

8
1

... (patita)... , [ ] .. , .
2
..., [] . : satyena puyante (,
). VIII.81 : ,
, [ ] ,
; . .
. : "Witnesses are free from blame if they give true evidence"; .. : (-. V-XIV. . .. .
. 5- . . I. M., 1999, . 428^443).
3
8.38 ,
. ,
. .

9
1

... . : samaya-kriya.
-,
-.
samaya (, , ), samaya-kriya
. samaya , , samaya-kriya . , , ,
.
2
...
: slrsam.
(siras) , 214


, .. , , , . . II.95-96,
1.257. . . , (Lariviere R. W. An Institution Designed to Prevent Potential Abuses of
Ordeals in Classical Hindu Law: The Sirah. Journal of the Oriental Institute.
Baroda, 1984, vol. 34, 35-39).
3
... . , , , , .
4
(sarad) ( ) .
5
(gnsma) .
6
... [ , ] (paittika)... ,
, , , .. ,
.
(pravrs) .
8
... ,
(slesma-vyadhy-arditanam)... , , , .., , , ..
9
(hemanta) ( )
.
10
(sisira) , ..
.
1
.. .... .. , ,
.
... (deva-brahmana-samnidhau)...
9.33 11.97, deva,
,
.

10
... ... 1. 263264
, (simsapa) (sala).
2
... . : Sikya, , .

14
' ... (ugran devan)... ,
, , .
215

15
1

... (svayam)... svayam () , ; ja


tha. 15.2, ,
17.13; 11.3.14 ( - .: DharmasQtras: The Law Codes of Apastamba, Gautama, Baudhayana, and Vasistha. Annot. Text and Transl.
by P. Olivelle. Delhi, 2000 [Sources of Ancient Indian Law]) svayam , III.166
.
... (sva-ksetre samskrtayam). .. ,
. Sva-ksetre ,
. . . 208, . 28.
3
(ksetraja) , .
4
15.3 .
5
(gudha-utpanna) MIX. 170
: , , , ,
" ....
6
... . .. .
... [ ]. ..
.
8
... []. : yatra kvacana (,
). , -.
... (klTba)... , ; ; ,
.
10
, , .
" ..., (patanlye karmani krte).
.. , ().
12
15.44 , IX. 138, (. . 1). () (tra , )
(put), : - ,
.
13
15.46 IX.137, 17.5 11.16.6. . MIX.137 (
. .: The Laws of Manu. Transl.
by G. Biihler. Oxf, 1886 [SBE. Vol. 25]), , (lokan) ,
; (bradhna) .

216

16
1

(anulomasu)... . . (anuloma) , . - , . III.7.20:


;
. .6: , , ,
, [] .
1.91-92, .
(pratilomasu)... .. (pratiloma) ,
.
... . .. :
..
4
4-7
. , -
, .. , (2) , .
5
... (stn-raksa). :
.. .
. : sva-pitr-vittaanuharanarn ca. , - ,
, .
, sva-pitr-vrtta-anuharanam ca . III.7.36.

17
1

... (bandhu)...
.
2
... ...
; ,
.
3
(samsrstinah)... ,
.
4
(adhivedanika) ,
.
217

... (stri-dhana). , . . ,
, , ,
,
.
6
. 24.19-22.
7
, ,
, .

18
1

... (srestham uddharam). IX.112, (uddharam)


, , .
28.5 ( - .:
Dharmasutras: The Law Codes) ,
,
; .3.9 .
2
..., ... : yoga-ksema. IX.219
28.46.
. , . (.: Bharuci's Commentary on the Manusmrti [the
Manu-Sastra-vivarana. Books 6-12]. Vol. I. The Text. Vol. II. The Translation
and Notes. Ed. by J.D.M. Derrett. Wiesbaden, 1975, 265-266),
. . yogaksema "property destined for pious uses or sacrifices";
- . ; .
"maintenance-grant-way"; . ( )
"security measures" ( . .: Dharmasutras: The Law Codes). istapurte rajadayo va (
).
3
() grhadipravesamarga
(, , ..); ,
.
4
(pustaka) ; 18.44 IX.219 , pracaksate ( ). pustaka
- 218


Institutes of Vishnu, c. xxiii).

(VI . ..) (The

19
1

... ... () ,
( ). , .. , .
2

. III.3, , ,
! , , . ,
, , .
... ... ,
. , 1.277, 90.3
, ,
, , , ;
. 79.17; 81.4.
4
(santi) ,
Santisuktapatha. . IV.6.

20
... ... (-).
2
... ... (-).
3
... .. .
,
, : -, -, -.
5
- , -.
(kala) .
..., ... : deva brahma-rsayas ca. ja
deva-brahma-rsayas ca
, .
(preta-loka) -.
... (svadha samam)... , [ ] "!.
219


10

..., ... . . 25.14 ., . 59-60.

21
1

21.1
65.1.
2
.
, .
,
, .
3
... ... : uhet, ,
, .
, : !, : !.
4
, (, ucchista ,
), .
$
......
(dattaksayyodaka)...
aksayya-(udaka) 1.243, 252 4.2.5; 4.4.12 (
- .: SankhayanaGrhyasutra. Ed. by S.R. Sehgal. Delhi, 1960), 73.27.
, . , , ,
, ,
/ ,
,
aksayya , , ..
6
10x10x30 , 10 .
7
... (paristTrya)... .. (paristarana).
8
!
! !.
(svadha) , .
! (svaha). , ,
!, .
9
, ! : somaya pitrmate
svadha namah. . , 21.6 , ; .
. 2.

220


, , ! : agnaye kavyavahanaya svadha namah; .
. . 2.
" -, ! : yamayangirase svadha
namah; . . 9 . 2.
12
.
13
... ... . . .
14
. : etat ta; . . 2.
15
-.
16
... (avahana)... . , : , . - (
) .
17
, , ... : samsrjatu
tva prthivT samanT va; . . 2.
18
... ...
-; .
74-76.

22
1

1 0 8 ;
9 (7 2 ) 12 ( )
.
2
... ... .. .
3
22.22 ,
, ,
(. .
. varsa ).
4
. 11.67, . . 227, . 28.
... ... 12 15.2-27. , , ; .
6
, , .
... ... : satra. S a t r a sattra.
( 13 100 ).
... [ ] (purva-sarnbhrtayoh)... ,
221

; , -.
... ... . 51.6.
10
.
1
' (gaudf) , (), .
12
(madhvT) , , , ,
.
13
(paistl) .
14
(madhuka) .
15
(aiksava) ; : .
16
(tanka) (tanka),
, ,
.
17
Kayna (kaula) .
18
(kharjura) ( 1.45.174; .: Susruta sarhhita. Delhi-Varanasi-Patna, 1981).
19
(panasa) .
20
(maireya) . II.25.22:
, , . .. , (hantakT, bidhTtaka, amalaka) ,
. . 1.27.185; VI.2.70 (
.: The AshtadhyayT of Panini. Ed.
and transl. into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu. Allahabad, 1891. Repr. Delhi,
2003).
21
(mrdvTka) .
22
(pitrmedha) .
...... (upamafijana) , (. 23.56), ,
, ..

23
... (atyanta-upahatam). -
(. 23.2,
6, 42, 44; 54.2). , 1.34: utsargo va atyanta-upahatam 222

. , ,
, .
2
,
, .
3
(camasa) ,
;
,
(, .), .
4
(graha) , ; .
5
()
, .
6
- (sruk = sruc)
,
.
1
(sphya)
.
8
[-] (sakata) , , ; , . . -, , VI.22; XI.47;
IV.4.80; V.V.1; 6.2; 43.21; 86.74 (
.: The Nighantu and Nirukta. The Oldest Indian Treatise
on Etymology, Philology and Semantics. Critically ed. by L. Sapur. Delhi,
1998; - .: Varahamihira's Brhatsamhita. Ed. and transl. by M.R. Bhat. Vol. III. Delhi, 1995).
9
, , : ,
.
10
(amsupatta) . . V.120 , ,
(), . ,
1.186, , ,
(valkala, , );
. .
... (pratisthapanena)...
(pratisthapana) ,


.
12
, ,
.
223


13

... (praninam)... ,
praninam ., [] ... . 23.1.
14
...... ,
, : !.
15
, : , , , , ,
, .
1.10.19 :
,
6.1.3.4 ( - .-.
Die TaittirTya-Samhita. Hrsg. von A. Weber. Bd. 1-2. Lpz., 1871-1872 [IndischeStudien. 11-12]).
16
... , .
17
... ... ,
, , , , ,
.
18
MV.143 1.8.27-29,
3.43, 1.28. , , , ;
(. , . , . ), , .
. .: The Sacred Laws of the Aryas as Taught
in the Schools of Apastamba, Gautama, Vasishtha and Baudhayana. Transl. by
G. Buhler. PtI. Apastamba and Gautama. Oxf, 1879 (SBE. Vol.2); pt II.
Vasishtha and Baudhayana. Oxf, 1882 (SBE. Vol. 14).
19
...... : seka (, ). , ,
, .
20
(pustaka) 23.56 V.122,
proksanena ca pustakam punahpakena mrnmayam . . . 218, . 4. , pustaka , (sara). . , , ,
- .
21
(), (gorocana) ,
( 1.1.69; VI.23.23);
, (Chandra Moti. Costumes, Textiles, Cosmetics & Coiffure in Ancient and Mediaeval India. Delhi,
1973, 187).

224

24
1

... [] (varna-anukramena)... ..
.
2
(panigrahana) . ,
. 12.2 ,
,
. . 15.II , , . , II. 1-4;
, .. , .
..
(., . . .. . 2- . ., 1990, . 260-264;
. 260 . ). VII VII . 24.5-8, 111.4344 1.62 ,
.
3
... ( vyadhitam)... ,
(, ..).
... ... -
... : adhikangTm... na hTnangTm. : ... ... . .
,
..
5
, 24.19, ,
, , , -,
.
... ... : go-mithuna.
.
...
[] ...

III.37: ... , , ....


8
- (sa-kulya) .. ().
9
... . : na vidusyanti. ,
(rajadanda).
225

25
, ... :
bhartuh samana-vrata-caritvam. , , 1.77 III.2.7.32 (
- .: Skandapuranam with Fifth Volume [Uttarardham],
Avantikhanda with Rewakhanda by Maharshi Vedavyas. Calcutta, 1962 [Gurumandal Series. XX]), ,
. . : " live in harmony with her husband". .. :
...[] ( ),
"...they should perform the same vratas (observances and vows)
which the husband undertakes" {Kane P. V. History of Dharmasastra [Ancient
and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India]. Vol. I-V. Poona, 1930-1958.
Vol. II, 564).
2
25.14 , -
. . ., . 59-60.

27
27 ,
, ;
, .
, , ,
( II.29-30 ,
1.11-15, , ), (. . 1).
1
,
: ,
. . , ,
..
... ... (maunjT) (mufija).
3
... ... An I.2.33
( - .:
Dharmasutras: The Law Codes).
4
... . , ,
,
, . 11.42, 1.3.13,
11.60 , ; 1.19.12
( - .:
226


Asvalayana Grhyasutram. With Sanskrit Commentary of Narayana, English
Transl., Introduction and Index. Ed. by Narendra Nath Sharma. Delhi, 1976),
An 1.2.36 . ; (, 1.29,
1.15) . -,
11.43 ,
.
5
... ... : .
6
... [ ] (sarva eva
va)... , , ,
,
, , : ,
. , ,
, ,
.
7
(savitrT) ,
III.62.10, .
,

.

28
. - , ,
, .. ,
. ,
.
.

, ,
(.. ), , ( .: . V. History of Dharmas'astra. Vol. II, . 286,
296). , -,
, .. , . , 11.67:
;
;
(. 22.32). ( .: . V.
History of Dharmasastra. Vol. II, . 293-294), , ,
.
227

... ... -
(sarndhya-upasana). II.7 -.
.: . V. History of DharmaSastra. Vol. II, . 312-320.
2
To , , , , . 11.101 . II.9.2 , ,
.
3
... ... . An I.2.30:
, .
,
, .. ,
( .: ApastambTya Dharmasutra.
Apastamba's Aphorisms of the Sacred Law of the Hindus with Extracts from
Haradatta's Commentary, the Ujjvala. Ed. by G. BUhler. Bombay, 1932 [Bombay Sanskrit and Prakrit Series. XLIV and L]).
1.23 ,
( - .: The Kathakagrhyasutra with Extracts from Three Commentaries,
an Appendix and Indexes. Ed. for the first time by W. Caland. Lahore, 1925).
4
..., (ahuta-adhyayanam)... An I.5.26: , ,
.
5
... ...
: ucchista.
IV.80, , ,
- , , , - , , , ( - .:
Manusmrti. With the "Manubhasya" of Medhatithi. Vol. 1-10. Ed. by G. Jha.
Calcutta, 1920-1939. 2nd ed. Delhi, 1999).
. ,
(., ,
21.3,15).
, ; , ( II.8.2; .5.18).
6
... . 11.124 : ... ,
" .
7

..
8
, . (
) 11.199.
... (Sila-phalaka)... .
11.204 :
228

..., ..., ... ... .


10
28.33, 11.209:
, [] ,
[] , . ,
, .
; . 32.5-6.
" ... ... , .
12
... (snayat).
(snana) . .
12 , 24 , 36 48 .
.
13
... . ;
7.6 2.3.1:
.
14
... : punar mam; . . 2.
15

.
. (avakTrnin)
, , : , ,
(nirrti) () ( XI. 119-120;
.280;.).
16
... (japan)... ,
. , , , 1008 ,
. . 23.21, , 22.4 ,
; .7.16 II.12.13, ,
. 54.11 : , , ,
, " .

29
1

- ,
..
2
... (vaktavya)... ,
29.8 11.112, vaptavya ( ),
, 1.4.1 .
229

29.9-10 , , 2.8-9
-, II.4 (. 30.47).
II. 114115
, , .

30
' () () ()
(., , III.5.1-13),

(., , 13.34).
2 IV.98 ,
.
3
... ...
, 1.21.22
.
... ... : graha-sutake.
IV. 110 1.146 rahusutake, (
) (candra-suryauparaga), 13.34.
5
... [] [] (indra-prayane)... , .

, , , . , ,
-. 1.63.17-27, 43.
1.147, , .
6
, .
... ...
.
... ... , ; 30.20.
IV.119 1.144 .
10
IV.124, ... ,
.

, ,
.
230

, ,
.
12
... . : sambhutim (, ). ,
..
13
...... : avitathena.
14
30.47 -,
( 29.9-10).
- ( II.4).
2.10 - .
11.144 , .

31
' . : (garhapatya), (ahavanTya), (daksina-agni).
, , , ,
. . ,
, . ,
- , , .
2
, ,
, .

36
.... ... : atri-gotrayah. 36.1
.
,
50.9
(. . 239, . 50, . 3).
50.9 . ( ), , ,
.
. , (20.36),
-
, atreyT (.: Jamison S.W. The Ravenous
Hyenas and the Wounded Sun: Myth and Ritual in Ancient India. Ithaca
(N. Y.), 1991, 213-214).
231

... ... .. ,
.

37
... .... .
2
... ... ,
, , .
3
... ...
,
, () .
4
... ... .
5
... ... .
6
... , ...
, , , .

40
' (a-patri-karana) , (, ), (,
).
, .

41
' , , ,
.
2
- (mala-avaha), , , 41.5 (malinTkarana)

43
' , , ,
, .
- (V.26), -
(VIII) ( - .:
SrTmaddevTbhagavatam [mahapuranam]. Ed. by Ramatejapandeya. KaST: Pan232


dita-Pustakalaya, 1969), - (II) (
- .: Garuda-purana. Bombay: Venkatesvara Press,
1963) - (II.6).
2
,
, ; , .
3
(kanka) (Haliastur indus).
, (
50 ), .
, , , , .. kanka - (Haliaeetus leucoryphus) , , , , ,
. .
4
... ...
,
.

44
1

(plava) . . 241, . 20.


... ... : grdhra. grdhra
, (.
67.40), , grdhra .
3
(balaka) (Egretta garzetta). , 29 . ,
, ;
(. III. 197).
4
, ,
(, 44.29: , ), ,
.
2

45
1

... (vag-apaharakah)... ,
, ,
(pustaka) .

46
(krcchra) -,
, 233

. ,
- , .
, - 12- ( ,
, . . 3) ,
( 10- 12-).
( 2). , 46.12. 46
- , 54.30 .
2

... ... .. .
(prajapatya)
IV.5.6, M X1.212 111.319.
( 1.27.7; 26.2-5; .2.38; 21.20).
(sriphala-krcchra) (srlpha1) .
, , -.
... ... : saktu.
6
, . III.316,
, .

47
... (grasan)... grasa , , . - . 27.10 :
grasapramanam asyavikarena [], , [ ], .
,
. III.323,
, III.319 ,
.
,
. , : , , , .
3
. . 207, . 18.

234

48
48 (), 46, 47, , ,
(yavakavrata).
, (yava). 48
III.6, . -, , -. 48.6 , , , , . III.6.4-5
,
. , 48.6 ,
, III.6.13
, . 6
, , ,
.

( 48.9-10). , ,
. , . , ,
19.13 ; 27.15
, , , ( ), , .
. ,

-, - -. .
: . V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. IV, . 149.
... (svadhitir)... svadhiti ,
.. ( IX.96.6;
. , . 2) svadhiti
.
2
IX.96.6 - :
brahma devanam padavTh kavTnam ..; . . 2.
3
48.7
III.6.7, laghv(asnTyat) prayatah ,
(), tarn (
).
... (atmani juhuyat)...
.
... ...
:
deva... su-daksa daksa-pitaras... ,
235

; : ...
.
6
- : ye deva
manojata monojusah ..; . . 2.
7
{puma, rta)
, ,
.
, , ;
. , .
8
- : snatah pita
bhavata ..; . . 2.
... ... : pTtva (, ).
10
(17-22)
III.6.5 (III.6.4-10; - : The
Baudhayana-dharmasutra with the "Vivarana" Commentary by Sri Govinda
SvamT and Critical Notes by M.A.Ch. Sastri. Ed. with Hindi Translation, Explanatory Notes, Critical Introduction & Index by U.Ch. Pandeya. Varanasi,
1972 [The Kashi Sanskrit Series. 104], ) (
48.19, 4.7; .: The
Mahanarayana-Upanisad of the Atharva-Veda. Ed. by Colonel George A. Jacob.
Bombay, 1888 [Bombay Sanskrit Series, XXXV]). 48.17
III.6.5 (III.6.4), - ,
. . ,
III.6.5 (III.6.4), , ,
, (Vamadeva). , -: , ; , , ,
. , ,
( .: . . .,
. , . .. . ., 1976; 2- ., . .,
1995, . 23-30). ,
, () ,
. 2-
. ( . ).
, () , .
236

" ; ,
.
12
- : yavo 'si
dhanya-rajo 'si ..; . . 2.
13
- : ghrtam yava
madhu yava ..; . . 2.
14
... . : kala-karnlm.
. 64.41, , , .
, , , ,
- . III.6.5 (III.6.6), ,
: kala-karnlm, kala-karatrim kala-kanthTm. . kala-karnlm, .. ,
"misfortune" (DharmasQtras: The Law Codes, . 312-313). . "the night of all destroying time",
kala-karatnm.
15
- : vaca krtarn
karma-krtam ..; . . 2.
16
... (ucchista-upahatam)... . . 228,
. 5.
17
- : sva-sukaraavalTdarn ca ..; . . 2.
18
48.21 , , .
... , (gana-annam ganikaannarn)...
. -, , , ,
, (. 51.7). ,
. , ,
, , ,

( 82.12 bahu-yajinah) ( 82.13).
20
- (nava-sraddha) , , ..
.
( .: . V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. IV, . 262-263).
21
- : gana-annam
ganika-annam ca ..; . . 2.
22
48.22 ,
, .
237

III.6.5 (III.6.8-9), ,
; . , . 23 24.
23
...[ ] , ... : bala-vrttam a-dharmam.
ja III.6.5 (III.6.8);
(bala-dhurtam) .
24
... ... : raja-dvara-krtam.
. . "of causing (a
punishment) to be inflicted on some one by the king". III.6.5 (III.6.8)
: mahapatakasamiyuktam darunam rajakilbisam -, , (. , . 23), . . , , : "From the dreadful (guilt of) mortal sins and of the crime (of serving)
a king". . , , ,
, .
, ,
, {Gampert W. Die Silhnezeremonien in der altindischen Rechtsliteratur. Prag, 1939, 59). : ( ),
. , .
... ,
(ayajyasya ca yajanam)...
III.6.5 (III.6.9), . - (
. .: Bloomfield M.
Vedic Concordance. Baltimore, 1906 [Harvard Oriental Series. Vol. 10]).
26
- : bala-vrttam
a-dharmam ca ..; . . 2.

49
1

, , ,
; : ..
, : namo bhagavate vasudevaya
(, ).
2
, , ,
namo bhagavate vasudevaya.
238

,
: ! ! .
4
... (mahat)... , .
5
(brhaspaff) .

50
1

XII.67-68 ( .: Parasara-Smrti. Parasara Madhava. With the Gloss by Madhavacharya. Vol. 1-3. Ed. with Notes by Mahamahopadhyaya Chandrakanta
Tarkalankara. Calcutta, 1893-1899 (BI). Repr. 1973-1974) ,
, , .
2
... ... , 20.34,
, , , , ,
.
3
... (atri-gotram va nanm)...
, , ,
, - ,
; . . 231, . 36, . 1.
4
... ... , , .
5
, - .
6
... ... , .
.. . (go-rasai ca varteta). Go-rasa
, . . , ,
() , .. . , , go-rasa
, (. 45.18; 90.25).
8
(go-vrata) .
9

XI. 108116, ; .
V.97.13,
, .
10
. . 275, . 4.
(cakravaka) Anas casarca ,
, ;
239


, .
.
, . ,

, .
'
.
( XI. 134; .273; 22.23)
: , ,
/ . ,
, ,
. .4.23 (22.23)
, , sandha () (.: The Gautama-Dharma-SQtra. With
the Mitaksara' Sanskrit Commentary of Haradatta. Ed. with the Hindi Commentary and Introduction by Dr. Umesh Chandra Pandey. Varanasi, 1966 [The Kashi Sanakrit Series. 172]).

51
'...
.
: bhuyah
samskaram kuryat (, ). . ,
, .
2
......
. ,
XI. 152, , , , .. (, , ) (). , XII.3 (=1.152),
, .., ,
, ...
3
... (dambhika)... ,
.
4
...[] (ucchista)... . . 228, . 5.
5
... ...
; , .
6
... (rafiga-avatari)... , malla , .
7

(, , malla , vaina
, ,
240

)
..
8
.. . ... .. , .
9
... (Saundika)... .. ,
.
10
. . . ... .. .
" ...[, ] ... ..
.
12
.... .. . .
. . 17.19.31.
(pathTna) (Silurus pelorius, Silurus boalis Wallago
attu).
M
Poxuma (rohita) (Cyprinus rohitaka, Rohitaka, Labeo rohita).
-, ; ( 1.27.83).
15
(rajlva) (Mugil corsula, Rhinomugil corsula;
. corsula). (
V.16), .
16
(simha-tunda, , [] ) (Bagarius bagarius Bagarius yarelli, . dwarf goonch).
17
111'a (sakula) , , .
V.16 , ,

, , (sasalka) .
1.178, -;
.
18
... .. , -.
19
- (kalavinka) , , (Passer domesticus).
20
(plava) ; ,
(. coot) (. cormorant) (Dave K.N. Birds in Sanskrit Literature. Delhi, 1985, 372). An 1.17.33
pratud (, , ; MW, ,
, , , , .); , pratud , , pratud,
.
1
(sarasa), (Grus antigone; . Sarus/Indian crane; . saras). ,
180 ; .
: sarika ,
(Turdits salica, ).
;
.
241


23
... []. : ubhaya-danta.
. MV.18 14.40
( ), [] .
24
(vartika) .
25
... ... : samyava-payasa.
26
...... : .
27
... (saskull)... ,
, .
2h
To , .

52
' ,
.
, .
3
... ... : bhaksya-bhojya , , bhaksya
, a bhojya .

.

54
... , tha .
2
... ... . 60.24.
3
. 55.9.
4
... (slaisma)... .. slesman (,
, , ). . , ,
(
61.2). slesman Cordia
latifolia (slesmataka) MW
-. An I.20.12 , , . ( ) III.5
(136.9-11; .: Vaikhanasasmartasutram. The Domestic Rules of the Vaikhanasa School belonging to the Black Yajurveda. Ed. by W. Caland. Calcutta,
1927) (slesmantaka) 14.33 .
... ... : samahitah ,
, .
242

, (a-yajya-yajanarn krtva)... XI. 198, a-yajya (


), vratyanam .. . . ,
, : .
, .
7
(ahfna) , . ,
, .
8
... . ,
. .
.
9
(atikrcchra) 12-
, ,
( XI.213; .319; .2.40, IV.5.8; 26.19;
24.2; 5.12-13). - 46,
-, .

55
..., (havisya).
, , , ..
2
<<- , .
3
.
(pakayajfia) , . 55.20 11.86
26.10. , (paflca mahayajfia; . . 244, . 4).
... [ ] (maitrah).
, , , . : ,
,
. . . . 11.87.

59
1
... (vaivahika-agnau)... , , [] .
2
... . . , .

243

. : ,
, ., : .
(, 1.15.17; III. 1.12; IV.6.2; 27.10;
1.126; 111.250; XI.27), , ( . . XI.27 A.M. 1.126; .: A.M. . ., 1994, . 166). , , A.M. (. ),
III.250 , , .
3

. , ,
: , (sudrannam yage pariharet), . .
4
... , , , .
59.19 (
mahayajna), .
.
(pitrtarpana) .

60
1
... (adbhir mrdbhis ca uddhrtabhir)...
. , mrdbhir adbhir uddhrtabhir ca, uddhrtabhir
adbhir ,
: , ,
. , mrdbhis ca
, mrd
, .

61
61 , , . ,
. ,
.6.4, 9.44 12.34 :
244


, ,
... danta-dhavana,
An I.32.9,
danta-praksalana, -. (danta-dhavana)
( IV. 152; 1.98).
, - .
'
,
, , . , , .
,
,
(., , IV.24.4). ,
. ,
1 adyat (, ),
( 61.16-17) , :
bhaksayet (16) bhanktva asnTyat (17).
2
... (sa-kurcam)... ,
.

62
1
-, , : - (prajapatya), (brahma), - (pitrya) - (daiva). ,
. .: . V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. Ill, 652-653, . 750.
2
... ... . . - .
3
... (su-aslna)... : ,
1.8.18: ... tisthan... na prahvo na pranato... na prasaritapadah...
... ... , ... ...,
.. , , ( MW, , ), .
...... : aksara (, , , ).
... [ ] (khani)...
,
, .. , (. 23.51).

245

, , An 1.I6.7 ,
, ( ). ,
, ,
.
7
, , ; , .

63
1

... ... : isvaram. :


.
2
... (yoga-ksema-artham). . . 218, . 2.
... ... : vrsalaih.
4
. , 63.9 10
V4, , .
5
... ... : ,
.
6
. ( ), ,
,
. .
7
...... : bala. kha: vyala ; ; , .
8
... ( hlnangaih)... , ,
.
9
... ... IV.72, , ( )
.
10
, ;
54.18 , .
" 63.25-32 , , ,
, , .
, ( IV.39
, 1.133 , 9 . 6 6 ), .
12
... ...
99.13 , ,
, .
246

13

... ... , , .
- :
(vardhamana) , (nandyavarta) .
14
(gorocana) . . 224, . 21.
15
...... : .
16
... (baddha-eka-pasu)... , .., ,
.
17
... (kumari)... ,
.
18
:
, ... ,
, .
19
,
: . , , .
20
...... : pravrajita (, , , ); ,
.
21
..., (malina)... , . malina
; . , . ,
, , , - , ;
, . , , , , ,
.
: ,
, , , , , , , .
... (asava)... , , .
23
... .
- .
24
... ... : (, , ).
, visama (, )
, , .. .
25
,
; ,
.
247

64
1

IV.201 : ; , , .
2
... [] (siro na avadhunet)... ,
.
3
...... ... .. ,
; . . 253, . 3.
4
... (devakhata)... , .
5
: hi stha; . . 2.
, : idamapa pravaha; . . 2.
7
: tadvisnoh paramam padarn;
. . 2.
' : yufijate mana; . . 2.
9
, -, .
16 , : -. (jalasayin, ) .
... ... : , , , , ...
, (sambandhinah)
, , .., (bandhu) , , ...
13
... . : suhrdam (, ). , , , , ... ,
, . , ( ) . , , ,
,
-, ; ..
... , (naitabhyam adhikam asti). : .
15
...... : kala-karnT. . . 237, . 14.

65
' , , ,
, ; 21.1.
248

[] , [] [ .] . : asvinoh pranas tau te; . . 2.


3
... [ ]...
: jTvadanam dattva. . , jlva adanam dattva jTva , adanam dattva: , ,
() (dhyanenantah karane sannidhanam
krtva). . : ( ).
jlva adanam
. MW, jTva-adanam , ; -
-, ,
(. 1.15.13; 20.14; VIII.1.29; IV.35.32; 36.48).
,
(. . 2), jTvadanam dattva jlva-danam dattva,
jTva . ,
,
. , , jTva ,
.
4

: yunjate mana; . . 2.
: hi stha; . . 2.
6
......
: arghya.
.
[] : sam nah apo dhanvanya; .
. 2.
8
, : idamapa pravaha; . . 2.
9
, , : rathe
aksesu vrsabhasya vaje; . . 2.
10
, : yuva suvasa; . . 2.
11
: puspavatTr; . . 2.
12
, [ ] : dhur
asi dhurva; . . 2.
13
, : tejo'si sukram; . . 2.
14
(dadhikravna); . . 2.
15
(hiranyagarbha); . . 2.
16
(camara) , ;
.
, , , ..
... (matram),..
, . ,
MW .
-
matram adarsam ().
, 5

249

: , , , ..; ( , , )
. , matram -
; , -
.

66
... (daru)... : sugandhidevadaru, sugandhi devadaru;
.
2
()
.
(jatlphala) . (., : Indian Medicinal Plants. Vol. 1-5. Orient
Longman. 1994, vol. 4, 90), (., :
Varahamihira's Brhatsamhita, . XVI.30; XXVII.27, 33). ,
,
. . jatlphala , , , jatlphalam vrksakastham, vrksakastham .
, , (raktotpala).
... ... : taila. Taila
, -
; ,
, , taila , taila (gramya), , (vanajanya),
, , ,
.
6
... (abhaksyam). , ,
. , , , ; ,
, , .
... ... : prayatas ca sucir, ..
,
.
5

67
...
. ...
dap6xt
. 7.

: paristirya; . . 220, -

250

... (agra)... , , , .
- (Satatapa), , agra 48 . ( - .: . V.
History of Dharmasastra. Vol.1, . 294-296; Banerji S.Ch. Dharma-sutras. A
Study of Their Origin and Development. Calcutta, 1962, 242-243, 325-328.)
, .
4
67.2 , 67.3
. ,
, , , , - ,
.
5
... ... -, .., , , ..
6
... (bhaksa-upabhaksa). ..
. . ,
ja tha: taksa-upataksa ( ) ,
. bhaksa , upabhaksa ,
... II.3.19 -,
(supa).
,
. , (, ),
,
, IV.4.5 40.4, tha .
. , 67.7 40.4, , .
, , ,
, IX.46.
4
(a-dharma) , .
- (.20), (, , , ..); (anrta)
(nikrti) (), (), (). 1.60.53
, () : , () ().
10
, .
" 67.15-19 . , ,
2.12.13-16.
, , .

251

13

... (prabhuh)... , , , .., , . : ,


.
14
67.34 atithi, sthita , , -, .. ,
, anityam ()
.
() . ,
. - , ,
, , , . , ,
, ,
-. ,
, ,
, [ , ] ,
, , .
16

67.37, , , , .
... (sakhi-adTn)... ,
, , - (sambandhinah vaivahikah bandhavah paitrsvastreyadayah).
..., ... . . .
19
... , .... .. , .
, , .
(/ (svavasinT)... , ;
.
21
67.39 III.114,
. . tatha
striyah, rogin ()
. . , . . ,
etan . .
.
, , ...
:
(. 1.105 .; . . 1).
22
... (bhrtyesu)... , , , .. , .
23
...... .
252


24

... ... : grhyasca devatah. pasvadayah, .. , , , ,


.., , , .

68
' ...... : uparage.
... ... : uparage.
3
:
.
(), , .
- . ,
( ) .
( )
: , ,
-, (. .6.39).
4
... (saktu-dadhi)... -
(
).
5
...
: ucchista (,
). , , .
2

69
1

. 1.21.22 8-,
14- 15- .

70
... , . .. .
... (capala)... , , . durvyasanT , .
3
... : ucchista. .
, . 68, . 5.

71
, . 71.2 3 : ... hTna-adhika-angan murkhan dhana-hTnan
avahaset; na hlnan seveta, .
253

- .
, . , 2.21,

(vrtti), , , ,
, , ,
, ,
(kuda)
.
3

.
(kamandalu) , ;
. 1.6-7 . 1.7.6-7 : ...
, .
6

(
).
- ,
( IV.58; .6.38).
. ,
, , ,
. IV.59 : [ ] -....
... : samdhya-upasanam. .
. 228, . 1.
, ,
. , V.41, 4.6, 1.179
, ( 1.156) , . . ,
, . ,
,
.
10
, api () ,
(
),

(Brahmahatyasmarana), ,
,
. 71.87 .
" , , , .., 5

254

(, ). , ..
: , ..
12
: ,
.
1
...... : gati.

73
' ... (purvedyur)... , , .
(, ,
) , .. .
3
, , . , , , ( ) .. , .. , : ,
..,
.
4
- (kamya-sraddha) ,
- .
, 78.
5
() . , 73.5-9 [-]>>,
. XXXIX.10.1-5, 6-10 11-15
().
6
- (pasusraddha) ,
(pasudravyaka);
63.3 .
(agrahayanT) .
-: , .
8
(yatudhana) , .
: apayantv asurah; . . 2.
10
, : eta pitarah; . . 2.
, : sarvams tan agra; . . 2. ,
, . ,
: agra agne.
2

255


12

[] : a me yantu; . . 2.
. ,
73.11-26
, -. ,
,
- .
. , 73.11-16 , , , , . -, , -.
15
, : etad vah pitarah; . . 2.
14
: yas tisthanti; . . 2.
15
: amrtavag; . . 2.
... , ... , ,
, ,
padya. .: .. . , 1904, . 96-97.
: yan me mata; . . 2.
(anulepanam krtva)... .
. (, , ) ( 1.32.5 1.211, 292),
(. 49.2; 65.7; 66.2; 67.24; 79.11;
91.14). ,
; , ,
.
19
, , ! : aditya rudra vasavah; .
. 2.
20
[] ! : agnau
karavani uktva; . . 2.
21
! : ye mamakah pitarah; . . 2.
, : etad vah pitaro; . . 2.
23
: ayam yajflah; . . 2.
24
: yan me prakamat; .
. 2.
: ahoratraih; . . 2.
26
1
[] . : yad vah kravyad; . . 2.
: prthivl darvir
aksita; . . 2. . : prthivl darvir aksata.
256


28

: antariksam darvir aksita;


. . 2.
29
: dyaur darvir aksita; .
. 2. . : dyaur darvir aksata.
30
, : ye atra pitarah pretah; .
. 2.
31
, ! : vTran nah pitaro dhatta;
. . 2.
32
, [ ] ! : atra
pitaro madayadhvam yathabagam; . . 2.
33
... (darbha-mule). , ,
. . III.216,

(lepabhagin); , ,
.
34
, ! : Qrjarri vahantTh; . . 2.
35
... ... .. ,
( ).
36
: ma me ksestha; . . 2.
3
... , ,
... . 21.3.
38
? : trpta bhavantah sampannam;
. . 2.
39
\ ] ! : suproksitam; .
. 2.
40
[] : yan me ramah; . . 2.
41
! : abhiramantu bhavantah; .
. 2.
: abhiratah smah; . . 2.
43
: devaS ca pitaras ca; . . 2.
44
.. . ... . . 220, . 5.
: visve devah pnyantam; .
. 2.
46
: vaje vaja; . . 2.

74
1

, ,
, .
65.3 ; 1.5.6
: [], [ ] . , 257


, ,
, 21.4.
2
!)> : etad bhavadbhyo bhavatTbhyo'stu caksayam, bhavadbhyo bhavaffbhyo ,
, , ; . . 2.

75
1

, . . III.221: , , [ ] , , , [] .
2
, , .
3
.
...
.....

76
1

... .. 12 .
... . , .
2

77
77.7 77
- , , -,
( 78), , , , , - ..
1
... (vyatipata)...
, .
2
... ... .. , ,
..

78
78 ,
. ,
- (kamya-sraddha). 78.8-35
- ( ). ,

258


- . ,
,
.

. , 78.22 (mitra) (maitra) ; 13 (pusti) .
23 (rajya)
(sakra),
(), .. ; 26
(- , ); 18
(, ) , ;
24 (, ) ..
, , , - .
1

...... : saubhagyam.
, . , ,
. saubhagya . su-bhaga
, , , .. . ,
.
2
... ... ,
, ,
..
...... . , . 1.
4
... (samahitah)... . . 242, . 5.
.. . . .

79
... . .. .
kha tha, , . ,
raktani , . .
.. . . : , ...
(guggulu) ,
.
(padmaka) , .
... ... : krsnajina.
(Antilope
cervicapra).
2

259

(0,5 ), , . . , . ,
, .
7
79.17-18 , , ,
, 15.36-38 (
- .: The Matsyamahapuranam.
Text in Devanagari, Translation and Notes in English. Foreword by H.H. Wilson. Vol. 1-2. Delhi, 1983).
8
... (sarsapa)... :
(raja-sarsapa).
9
... .
, .. , , . 1.257.

80
80 . ( II.16.23-17.3; 15.15) ( .267-272;
1.258-260) . -
( 1), ,
, , . .:
. V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. 4, . 412-425 . 2.
' , , -, ,
( 15.15 )
( ), . , .
2
(vardhrlnasa, , )
. An I.17.36
. 1.12.7
(viskira), .. .
-: - (Aceros nipalensis), - (Ocyceros birostris).

81
... . :
, , :
260

. . : aja , , ,
aja : , , cchaga.
2
. 81.18 ,
. .
5
...[ ] . : tyaginam kulayositam. 81.23 111.245, , . . ,
("of those who (unjustly) forsook noble wives")
, , ,
. . :
. . : , , ("of
husbands who have deserted wives descended from good families"). : asarnskrtapramTta ye tyaginyo yah kulastriyah
dasyami tebhyo vikiramannam tabhyasca paitrkam ||,
: ,
, , ()....

(
). ,
11.23-24 , .

82
, , , (.. ),
.., .
, . ,
.
" ... ... : vikarma-sthan. -. , , ,
. vikarma-stha
, , .. , ..
... [], (baidala-vratika)...
, . . 93.8.
261

......
: vrtha-linginah. vrthalingin MW ,
. ,
.
,
. : ,
("Nor those wearing the
insignia of some particular order, without having a claim to them"). , 93.13
a-lingin, vrtha-lingin, -,
vrtha- . 93.13 , a-lingin , . 82.6 : vrtha-linginah ,
, v r t h a (), , , , , .., , ,
, .
5

...
(bahu-yajinah)... , , , , ., ,
1.161: ganadlksin .
,
.

.., . , ,
, ,
..
.. . (grama-yajinah)...
. , (bahu-yajinah), - , , , .
... ...
,
patitadi, .. ..
... [] ... .. , . ( ,
..). : , . , , - ,
; , , .
9
... (nagna)... , , . ,
262

, , , III.XVIII.46: , ,
, ,
.
10
... ... ..

83
83 , . (. . 1). - ,
, ,
1.219-221. ,
.
1
(trinaciketah) , .
A.M. : ... , ,
. II. 17.22:
, , ", " .-.;
(A.M.
, . 187).
2
... (satya-putah)... , ,
.. , .
3
... ...
: japa-niratah. Nirata
, , , , , .
4
...... : patram. Patram , , - -, .. ,
.
5
... (yoginah). , , , .. , .

84
' : mleccha .
84.3 - iti. , iti ,
.., .. iti . , .
3
(aryavarta) .
, , II.21-22
2

263


.
, , . , ..
, ().
-,
. , , ,
, , - (, , )
, , ,
, .
, : .. - , ,
. ,
.
,
: , , , ,
..

85
85 ,
; , .
,
. ,
.
, ,
-
. - ,
.
, .. ( . V. History of
Dharmasastra. Vol. 4, . 552-825). .
1

(puskara, ) (puskarani, ) (. ) (). ,


.
III . ( -

264


) , .
, , , .
, , . , , ,
, ,
. - ( . . .
. .. , .. , .. . , 1995, . 464
465).
2
(gayasTrsa) (Gaya). ,
.
. 22.4
. (. ), , ,
. ,
, ",
, , (. . [].
. ., . . .. .. . .,
1987 [ . LXXX], . 656, . 250).
3
(vata)
(vata). ,
,
.
(aksayavata). :
, (. , ), ( ). ,
, ,
. ..85.8 (. ..88.14)
, ().
aksayavata: aksayakaranavata ,
()" , (. , . 653-654, .213).
104.9, , , 111.10, , (vata) . , , .. 57.12-14

265


, ( . V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol.4, . 699701). ..
, . . .
. IX, , , (SaravatT) , ,
... .
, . , ( V. Puranic Encyclopaedia: A Comprehensive Dictionary with Special Reference to the Epic and
Puranic Literature. Delhi, 1975, 23).
4

... (amarakantaka-parvata)...
, :
(Mekala) , . ..
, . ( 188.91). , , () ,
( 188.79 [188.74-77]; 1.15.68-69). - , ( II. 15.4-5;
- .: The Vayu-purana. Ed. by Rajendralala Mitra. Vol. 1-2.
Bombay: Veiikatesvara Press, 1895)
( II.15.15-16). ( 188.81-88;
.40.36; - .: Purana. Bombay: Veiikatesvara Press, 1926). 22.28 , , . - (amarakantakamahatmya) ( 188.81-94).
... (varaha-parvata)... ,
. .. , ( II.20.32). ,
. (Baramula) .
6
(narmada) ,
.
. .
7
(yamuna) . .
8
(kusavarta) ,
(tryambaka). .. , . , . (Nasik
266

Tryambakesvara) . 80.2 22.69.


..
1.25.13[26.12], .40.79 III.20.4.
9
(binduka) , . ja (bilvaka), , . ..
,
. ,
.. 85.52 (, ), 22.70, 11.20.33, .25.13[26.12] .40.79.
10
(nTlaparvata) ,
- (utkala-desa), .. ,
(Purusottama). .. , : ( .25.13[26.12]; 22.70; V.19.16; .20.33;
.); ,
( IV. 17.23, 35; IV. 18.2; .).
1
' (kanakhala) : , .

, . . . ,
, (., , 100 [ -
.: Liiiga-purana. Bombay: Veiikatesvara Press, 1906]; 11.37.10;
4.19). .. , .
( .84[82].;
.25.13[26.12];
.37.10-11;
1.1.2.11;
83.21; 4.57),
( Daksina Manasa)
( 111[.49].7, 115.23, .46.46); '( 183.69;
1.20.67) ( 152.40^9[42-50]; - .: Varaha-purana. Bombay: Veiikatesvara
Press, 1902).
12

(kubjamra) : -, . ..
, , , , , ( 1.84[82].4; 22.66; 1.32.5; .20.33;
1.81.10). 126 (, mahatmya)
( 126.10-14).
13
(bhrgutunga) , .
.. ,
( 85.15;
267

11.20.33; 22.31). , . ( 146.4546; III.82.45).


..
(GurjaradeSa) ( IV.6.25) (Vitasta)
(Himavat) ( 81.33), .
(. ) .
23.148[1.23.136-137];
77.82[.15.82-83]; .84.50[82.45];
90.23[88.20]; 130.191 [ 16] ,
23.136-137 III.88.20 ,
.
14
(kedara) ,
. .. , , , ( ). : Kedaranatha, Tufiga-natha, Rudranatha, MadhyameSvara KalpeSvara. .. ,

( .87.25[85.19]; 181.29; 1.35.12;
II.20.34; 112.5; 1.92.7, 134).
, (Kapistala).
15

(mahalaya) . . , (parvata-viesa). 13.44


(mahabhaga), 189.29 . ..

.85.983.82], 181.25, .20.33, ,
, 11.37.1-4 (
, ), V. 11.17,
III. 13.82-84, 90.22, 1.37.16. 112.4 .
16
(nadantika) .
.. . tha
ladati, .
(sugandha) , ,
(Saugan.dh.ika). 121.5,
(Kailasa). ..
, .84.10[82.9] 1.28.1
. , , .
18
(sakambhan) , (marudesa) . ..
.
. ,
(Cahamana Vigraharaja), 1030 .
268

(973-974 .).
, ( .84[82].13; 1.28.1416). .: . ,
. 645-646, . 123, 124.
19
- (phalgu-tTrtha) , . . , . (). 115.27
phala go. 11.49.18 ,
- ,
, - (Adi-Gadadhara). ..
, . (.III 82.73) (. , . 647, . 142).
20
(mahaganga) . . , . (Alakananda),
. XIII.26.20 , .
21
(trihalikagrama)
-. (Salagrama). , , . , . . ja tha - (Tandulika-asrama), .
- (JambQmarga) ( III.82.43[80.62]; 109.9, 1.12.3).
22
(kumaradhara) :
(Kraufica-parvata),
, (Isupata). III.82.129, . (Pitamaha),
( .82.128). .. , 77[.15].85; 84.23. , ,
II.37.20, - (Svamitirtha), [].13.9495,
(KantipurT), .
23
(prabhasa) ,
(. ).
(Somanatha), .
.
24
Capaceamu (sarasvatT) . . ,
. , ,
. , . 269

, , .
25
. 85.28-32 , .
26
(ganga-dvara) , (Hari-dvara) , , (. ).
.
( -). .
12 ,
. , (), , , , , .
.
27
(prayaga, . ) ,
, , : . - (., : . . . . , . , .
.. . .-., 1948, . 120, 121, 169 .).
[] . ,
( III.85.1314; 93.5-7). ,
. .
-
: , . ,
-, ,
, , , , , , 12 , .
() (. . 265, . 3).
(gangasagara-samgama) ,
(. )
. , .
29
(naimisaranya) . (. ), .
72 - 32 .
270

30

(varanasT)
, (III 82.69) .
- (agastya-asrama)
:
. , (Svamisthana). , (.: . V. History
of Dharmasastra. Vol. 4, . 730).
32
- (kanva-asrama) , . (MalinT). .. . . (Chuka, ), (DeyN.L. The Geographical Dictionary of Ancient and Mediaeval India. Delhi, 1927, c. 89). .. - . , - ( .82[80], 109), . (Nerbuda, .. ) ( VI.94). .. , -, 85.30, .82.45[80.64], 88.186.8], 109.10
(I), . .
(kausikT) . . ; , . ,
, . ( 1.65.30; 207.7; III.82.135;
1.34.7-9; IX.15.5-12; .).
34
(sarayu) . , (-).
35
(sona, jyotisa) . ,
(jyotlratha). . , , .
. ()
III.83.8 1.39.8 , 200 - .
16
(snparvata), (Srisaila, .
), ,
. (), III.83.16-18
. , ,
, , (mallikarjuna), 12 ,
(. 111.42; 1.147-166).
(kalodaka) , . . .. , ,
.25[26].6 (
), .
1231-1233
(Haramukuta) 13 .
.
271

38

(uttaramanasa) ,
(Kedara) . .. , , ,
(77[.15].18; 111[.49].2; .152.13[148.11]; 121.69;
.37.44). .25[26].6 1118 ..
.
39
(badaba) ,
. .. , (Saptacaru)
!.82.92-99[80.106] .
40

(matangavapl) ,
. .. , ,
111.23-24[.49.30-31], 115.34 11.45.100, (Kosala)
77[.15].36 III.13.36.
41
( s a p t a r s a ) , SaptarsitTrtha . . , , (Satara) . .. ,
85.43, , , . , - (Saptarsi-kunda) ,
111.81.59. .. , .
. (?) (. , . 6 4 1 , . 74). .. - (Lohargala)
151.46[48], , .
42
(visnupada) ,
. .. , -, : 1) ( .83.103[81.87];
130.8; 1238); 2) (Nisadha) ( II.18.67;
47[1.47].64); 3) ; 4) ( 145.42).
22.25-26 ,
, , , ,
.
4i
(svargamargapada) .
(Rathamarga). .. 85.45
. .
44
(godavan) , , .
272


, .
,
.
.
45
(gomatT) .75.6 ,
( . ;
.: : IIV, . 442^143). . , , ( III.82.66, 70; 11.49.11; 114.22; II.16.25). ,
PBV.61.I9 ( .:
Macdonell A.A. and Keith .. Vedic Index of Names and Subjects. Vol. I-II.
L., 1912. Repr. Delhi, 1995, vol. I, c. 238). , () (.
III.85.5; 93.2). .. . .
46

(vetravatT) , , (Ahicchattra). (.
) - .
114.23, (Pariyatra,
,
, , . 1.2.9
1.8 ); II.16.28,
(Rksavat,
,
); (1.24) ,
(Dasarna) (Vidisa, . , Bhilsa)
. . .. ,
(SabhramatT) ( VI.130; 133.4-5). ( T h e Questions of King Milinda. Transl. by T.W.Rhys Davids. Pt I. Oxf., 1890 [SBE.
Vol. 35], 171) ,
.
47
85.49-53 : (vipasa) . ; (vitasta) .
; (satadru) . ;
(candrabhaga) . ; (iravatl) .
.
48
. .
49
... (daksine pancanade)... , : , (Vena), (Tunga),
(Bhadra) ().
(ausaja) ,
(SQrparaka), -. . , , , . . ..
273

: ,
; 22.51 (Samantapaficaka) (). tha
(aujasa), . ,
:
. (ausaja),
(aujasa), . ..
22.51; 57.51,
.
III.81.143; IX.45.92. III.81.143
.. ,
... " ojas
, " " ,
... , , , , "; . 9.45.92; 46.5-11, ,
.
: , , ,
(. , . 643, . 106).
51
... ... : sva-bhavesu. Svabhava , , .
. , ,
(, ..). , (): , , ..,
. tha : sangamesu prabhavesu, .. . ,
, , .
52
... (manojnesu).
manojfia [], ; ,
...
53
(vrsotsargah) , . .5.40 , , ", , . .
54
85.71
; -
-. ,
.
274

86
' ... . .. .
2
... (jlvad-vatsayah)... ,
. 207.3-8 ,
.
... . ,
.
207.13-15 :
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
. - , . 1.146.42-55 { . V. History of
Dharmasastra. Vol. 4, . 540, . 1215).
4
(nTla) , , -, ,
, , ,
,
. , ,
, -, ,
: ,
, ; ,
, .
-,
207.38 : ,
, .
- (Asvalayanagrhyaparisista), , , ,
.
5
... ()... , ,
, .
6
: pusa ga
anv etu nah; . . 2.
: iha ratih; . . 2.
8
, .
9
5 : sam no devTr abhistaye; .
. 2.
..., ...
,
11 namas te rudra manyave,
, 56.21; . . 2.

275

' : pita vatsanarn; . . 2.


(bhagavan dharmah)... ,
- .
13
. -,
, - (. 1.81; XII.224.22),
. : , (sauca), , (dana); , (jnana),
(daya) ; , , (. 1.86); ; ..
14
: etam yuvanam patim
..; . . 2.
.. ..-. , .
16
. , , ,
. , , , 59.6
. III. 11.16 III.9.8 (.: Grihya-Sutra by Paraskar
with Five Commentaries. Ed. by M.G. Bakre. Bombay, 1982) ,
, ,
, , -, .
12

87
87 -. (krsnajina) , (., , III.2.7). ( )
, .
, 206.
, - , ( 28.20-22),
-. .
, , ,
" (The Institutes of Vishnu, c. xviii-xix).
, ,
(., , 1: ...krtvavike ca vastre prasarayet, ca ).
-
, 276

. , ,
.
' -, 206.2-3
, , , .
2
... (suvarnanabhim ca kuryat). ,
.
3
... (vasoyugena). ..
(. . 253, . 68, . 3). : , .. ,
.
... ... : .
5
... , , , .
6
...... : -,
.. , .
7
... ... . . 253, . 68, . 3.
8
, , .
. 206.5-11.

88
88 ,
. 1.206-207,
, . 210.33 (= 1.206), 112
III.200.69-71, ...
, (Cyavana),
.. { P.V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. 4, . 879).
(prasuyamana gauh)...
1.207 : ... ,
.
2
... (samahitah)... . . 242, . 5.
3
... (ubhayato mukhlm)... ,
.

89
89 .
. , 277

- (kamya-snana), (.:
. V. History of Dharmasastra. Vol. 4, . 666). ,
, .
1
(sarva-devanam mukham). , .
2
... (bahihsnayT)...
bahih (, ) anuddhrtodakena
. . 55.2.
3
..., (havisya)... .
. 243, . 55, . 1.

90
90 , 89, , .
, 90.6 , 17-23 28 29 .
92 93, . ( 1.86; .) ,
-
, ,
( III.78; ).
1

(prastha) ,
16 .
2
(svastivacana) (su-asti , [] )
.
3
... (pusyate). p u s , . ; 78.13,
.
4
.. . (manojfiarn)... , , .
5
... (citra-vastra)... c i t r a , ;
, ; , , .
... (dlpta-agnir bhavati). ,
.
... , , []...

.
278

... [] (tulam asta-adhikam)... : [] , .. 108 .


9
... (samagrena)... samagra , , .
: .
10
...[ ] (sa-astam)... :
[] , .. 108 .
" ... (ujjvalo bhavati). Ujjvala ,
, , .
12
... (kulmasa)... ,
.
( 1.10.2; 1.4; V.2.83), , , ( 1.10.2;
XII.208.21; V.9.12). 1.27.260 ,
, . .15.32 kulmasa
,
. - (297.10-14) , , , (. VII .), , , , , ( Prakash. Food and Drinks in Ancient
India (from earliest times to 1200 A.D.). Delhi, 1961, 168.) pax .
13
... , ... : candrasurya-graha-upagan. candra-surya-graha candrasuryau grhnati , . .
.
graha . , 295-308
I -.

91
... ... : putra bhavanti. , : , ,
.
, ( 91.4-8). ,
(), . , ,
, . , 279

(111.163) ,
(, , ).
2
... : vrksa-prada (,
).
3
(setu-krt)... , setu
, .. , ,
. , ;
( 91.10).

92
92-93 . , 1.125.
, , , , .
1
(go-carma) , . ,
,
-. . 5.184; 12.48.
2
.. . ... : svarga-lokam.
3
.. . ... : kapilam.
4
... .
5
patra... patrl.
6
lavana... lavanya.
7
, - -.
, . , ,
, .
8
, .
...... : asva-tarl, .. .

93
... ...
: brahmana-bruve.
, , -:
- , , , , ,
. VIII.20 .
: ,
, ,
280

, ,
...
2
(purohitas tv atmana eva
patram)... , -. .
93.5: ( - ) "A domestic priest may
claim gifts from his own employer (but from no one else)". , , - -, . : , , : , , , . ,
93.6 , ,
-
, , 5-6 .
3
......
: chadmana (, ,
, , ).
.

94
... (a-phala-krstena). , ,
.
, ,
.
2
, .
' ,
, ,
; . III,246.3-5.
... . .. .

95
... . .. ,
.
2
. (), ,
281

,
. .
3
.. (yava-annam)... , ,
ja tha yava-gum .
VI.20.

96
' ... (pakva-kasayah)... , [] ; kasayah ,
, - .
2
... , , . , ,
.
3
,
,
.
4

.
. , , , , ,
-.
5
... [] (abhipujita)... mistanna , .
6
... , . , ,
,
. ,
.
7
, , , , . ,
, .
8
, .
96.25 ,
. , . , ,
37 . .

.
282

(dhatu) , , , : 1) (rasa),
2) (rakta), 3) , , (marnsa), 4) ,
, (medas), 5) (asthi), 6)
(majja), 7) ,
, (sukra). .
10
... (vasa)... , ; .
:
. (rasa, , , , )
. , , , (.: Filliozat J. The Classical Doctrine of Indian Medicine. Delhi,
1964, 27). , -,
.. , .
1
' , (mahabhuta) ()
(akasa antariksa), (vayu), (tejas), () (prthvl). , , .
12
......
: rajasvalam. MW
,
, , ..
,
, (). VI.76
(sonita). . VI.77 (=.316.43) rajasvalam, . ..
(.: . . .. , . .
.. . ., 1960 [ . . II], . 124), .. (. . V,
. 1 [. . 12, . 174-335]. . ., .
.. . 2- . ., 1983, . 635), : , , ( VI.77, . .. ).
13

... (sat-tvacam)... (10.84), : (), (), (), (), ( ), (, ).


: , ... 283

, ,
(. . 282, . 9), .. , ().
96.44
().
14
96.55-90 .
III.84103 ,
, , ,
.
,
. .
,
, - , ,
. , , .
, , , . (
), , , , . ,
. - , , , , .
, ,
. .

, , .
. , ,
.
. ,
: -, -, -, . (Jolly J. Medicin. Strassburg,
1901) . (FilliozatJ. The Classical Doctrine of Indian Medicine).
15

... . , : , - - (Jolly J. Medicin, . 42-43;


284

Susruta samhita, . 367-368). - ,


, , , , -
20 32 [ ] (Susruta samhita, . 367368; . 96.57; . . 16). , 200 . 96.55-79 , : , ,
( 57), ( 58), ..,
, .
16
... ...
: suksmaih saha.
Suksma , , , , .
MW -
suksma , .
- ,
. -, . , ,
(Jolly J. Medicin, . 42) ,
, .
... (parvani)... , , . - ,
III.86 60 .
, ,
56.
... (catustayam gulphesu)... ,
.
... (catvary aratnyoh)... .
... (catvari janghayoh)...
.
... (dve dve janu-kapolayoh)... janu-kapola
, , .. .
... (bhaga-asthy-ekam)... .
23
... (prstha-asthi pancacatvarimsad bhagam)... 12
, 5 , 5 4 5 , 19 ,
, 26/27. , .
24
... (panca-dasa-asthTni grfva)... 7 .
285

...[] (tatha hanuh)... , .


... [] (tan-mule ca dve)... .
..., (arbudaih sthalakais ca sardham dvasaptatih parsvakah)... ,
(arbuda) 20 ,
(sthalaka) 26 . ,
, 2 6 13 , .
28
- (sira) , .
29
- (dhamanl) , .
30
(laksa) .
31
(marma) .
32
(koti) 10 .
33
540 670 000.
34
(ojas) ,
, .
35
.. . ... : kakundare.
.. . (vanksanau)... .
37
... (vrsanau)... ,
.
... [ ], ... : slesmasamghatikau stanau.
39
... (upajihva)... .
... (galasundike)...
, .
... [ ] . : ca ity asmin
sanre sthanani.
42
...... . . 208, . 28.

97
1

,
: , , , , 23 - , 3 (,
), 5 (, , , )
5 (, , , 286

), 5 () 5
(, , , ). ;
. 97.2.
2
(dhyana) , .
3
(srlvatsa) , . , , .
, ,
,
, .
4

... (a-sakta)... : -sakta (). gha, a-sakta XII. 14.


5
... . : guna-bhoktr. B h o k t r ,
, .
, ().

98
1
, : () , (), , ,
, .
2
(mahf-pala) .
, (an-adi-madhya-nidhana)
-.
4
... : maha-rajika.
5
(sapta) , - , -,
-, : sapta-jihvah , [] ( -, 1.2.4: , .. .: The Principal Upanisads. Edited with an Introduction, Text,
Translation and Notes by S. Radhakrishnan. Delhi, 1994, 675); saptaidhah
, [] ; sapta-vahanah , . . . 208, . 30.
6
... : tusita.
(yajna-nidhana) , .

287

(vaikuntha) .330.15 : , ,
, .
9
(lekhya) ,
- , .
10
(khanda-parasu) ,
XII.330.4749, - .

99
1

(vasudha) , .
... ... : ksaudre. Ksaudra ,
90.10.
3
... (puramdhri-gatre)... puramdhri ,
( , ).
, MW ,
, .
2

1
-
1

1
2 ()
3()
4 ()
5 ()
6 ()
7 ()
8 ()
9 ()
10 ()
11 ()
12 ()
49-62

1.5.11; 1.6.11; 248.63


1.5.16; = 213.33; 1.6.16; I.IV.32; = 248.67(d)-68(a-b); = 31.22
1.5.20;
=
213.34;
= 1.6.17;
I.IV.33, 34;
= 248.68(c-d)-69(a-b); = 31.23
= 213.35; 1.5.21; = 1.6.18; = 248.69(c-db70(a-b);
= 31.24
= 213.36; = 1.6.19; 248.70(c-db71(a-b); =
31.25
= 213.37; 1.5.17; = 1.6.20; 1.IV.34; = 248.71(d)-72(a-b); = 31.26
1.5.18; = 213.38; = 1.6.21; = 248.72(-<173(-);
= 31.27 (a-d)
= 213.39; = 1.6.22; = 248.73(c-d}-74 (a-b);
31.27 (e-f)
= 213.40; = 1.6.23
213.41; = 1.6.24
= 213.42
() 1.IV. 12-24

2
1-2
3

.4;1.10; An I.1.4; 1.16.1; 2.1-2; VIII.1(112.12); XIII.10.63; 47.7


1.10; VIII.1(112.3-4)

' : ; - ; - ;
; * - - .
291


4-7

1.88, 89; IX.326, 333; .75, 79-80, 90;


1.118; An I.1.4, 6-7;
1.18.2-4;
2.13-19; 3.25;
10.1-2, 7-8, 49;
VIII.1(112.4-7)
8
1.91; IX.334, 335; 1.120; An I.1.7-8; 1.18.5; 2.20;
10.56; VIII. 1(112.8); 1.213.13
9
1.118; 10.1; 1.213.10
11
1.88; .75, 76; 1.118; 1.1.4-5; .10.4-5; 1.18.2; 2.1314; 10.1-6; VIH.1(112.4-5); 1.2; 1.213.11
12
.79, 80; 1.119; 1.1.6; .10.6; 1.18.3; 2.15-17; 3.25;
VIII. 1(112.6-7); 1.4
13
.79, 80, 90; 1.119; 1.1.7; .10.7; 1.18.4; 2.18-19;
10.49; VIII. 1(112.7); 1.4; 1.213.12
14
.99-100; 1.120; An I.1.7-8;
1.18.5;
10.57,60;
VIII. 1(112.8); 1.5
15
.81, 82, 95, 98; 111.35; 7.6, 26; 2.22, 23; .4.16
16-17 () .63; 1.122; An I.23.6; 4.4; 10.30; 8.23; 1.5;
1.213.5, 7

3
1
2
3
4-5
6
7-10
11-12
13-15
16-21
22-25
24
25
26
27-28
32
33
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
47

VI1.1; An II.25.1
VII.35, 142, 144; 1.335; 1.18.1; 19.1; 10.7
MVIII.4I; 1.2.1-8; 1.17; 19.7; 11.9-10; 215.62
MVII.69;flI.321
VII.70; 1.321; II.3.1-2; .87.5; 217.6-7
VII. 115; II.26.4~5; .88.3
MVII.116;M6xXII.88.4
MVII.117;M6xXII.88.5
MVH.6I-62; 215.77-78
VII.130132; 1.18.1; 1.42; 10.24-25, 27
VII. 130; 10.25
MVII.131-132; 1.42; 10.27
VII.133; An II.26.10; 1.43; 19.23
VII, 136; 1.44; 11.11
VII. 138; 10.31-32
1.294;1.353; VI.1.1
19.8
VI1.155-159; 1.345-346; .10.47
.160;1.347
.182;1.348
VII. 183; 1.348
VII.203;flI.343
VII.87; 1.18.9; 10.13-16
VII.88; 1.323
VII.202
292

-
50
51-52
55
56-57
58
59-62
63
64
65
66-67
70
71
72
73
74
76
77
78
79-80
81,84
82
85
87
88
91-92
95 ()
96 ()
97 ()

VII.45-47, 50
MVII.48
MVIII.39
VIII.38; 11.34; 10.43
V1II.37; 11.34; 3.14; 10.44
11.35; 10.45
MVIII.35
VIII.36; 11.35
VIII.27-28; 16.8-9; 10.48
VIII.40; 11.36; II.26.8; 10.46-^7
MVII.78; 1.313; 1.18.7; 19.3-4; 11.12; 24
.54;1.312
VIII.1; II.1; 16.2; 13.26; 1.22; 55
VII.141; VIII.9; II.3; 13.26; 16.2; 1.65; 63
1.62; 57-59
VII.37
VII.38; 1.309
.79;1.314;
VII.134; A n II.25.11
MVII.79;AnII.26.1
1.318-320
.217-220;1.327
MVII.218
VII.217
VII. 16; 1.368; 19.9-10; 12.51
VII.25; .15.11
= V1I.32
=MVII.33

4
1
2-4
5-9
10-11
12-53
14 ()

VIII. 132; 1.362; . 19


.133;1.362,363
VIII. 134; 1.363
VIII.135; 1.361-364; 11.19
.136;1.364
= VIII. 138; 1.366

5
1
2
3
4-7
8
9, 11

VIII.124; 14.8(9)
VIII.380; 14.8(9); 1.18.17; = 12.46; 8.13; 227.211-212
VIII.380; IX.241; 12.47; 14.9(10); 227.211
IX.237; 1.18.18; 227.50; 227.161-162
VIII.38O; IX.241; 12.47; 14.9(10); 227.211
IX.232; 11.240
293

12
13
18
19
20
21-22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31-32
33
35
36-37
39
40
41,43
48
50
51
52
53
55-56
57-58
60-61
65
66
67
68
69-70
74
74
75-76
77-78
81-82
83
84
85-86
94
106-107
108

VIII.320; 19.33
MVIII.321;H 19.32
MVII1.371;M6x XII. 159.59
VIII.279; 11.215; 12.1; 15-16.25; .19.8
VIII.281; An II.27.15; 12.7; 15-16.26
VIII.282; 15-16.27; 227.30
VIII.270; An .27.14; 12.1; 15-16.(22)
MVIII.272;H 15-16.24
MVIII.271;H 15-16.23
MVIII.273
VIII.274; 11.204; 15-16.19
VIII.275
11.210
11.210
11.211; .18.12
11.204; 15-16.19; .18.2-4
VIII.269; 15-16.18
. 18.5
VII1.269; 15-16.18
VIII.378; 11.286
VIII.385; 11.294
VIII.296
VIII.297-298; 11.226; 792
11.226; 792
VIII.297
VIII.297
VIII.285; 11.227; 19.11; III. 19.28-29; 793
11.229
11.216; 785
VIII.283; 11.217; 15-16.28; III.19.5;
11.218; .19.6, 12
VIII.284; 11.218; 15-16.(29); III.19.12
11.219; 15-16.(29); .19.13; 781
11.220; 15-16.(29); III.19.14;
11.221; .19.16;
IX.274
VIII.286-287; 11.222; III. 19.1; 287, 782
VIII.324-325
MVIII.322
VIII.326-328
VIII.329
MVIII.33O; 12.18
VIII.392; 11.263
IX.282; .36.28
. 19.24
.19.25
294

124
130
132-133
136-137
138-139
141-150
151
154
161
164
168
170-172
173
175
176-178
179
180
181
184 ()
186 ()
187 ()
188 ()
189 ()
190 ()
191 ()
192-193
195 ()
196 ()
197 ()

IX.286; II.245-246
MVIH.399; 11.261
MVIII.407
11.274
VIII.230, 232, 235; . 164; 6.16
VIII.240-241; .161-162; 11.28.5; 12.19-26
VIII.242; 11.163; III. 10.24
VIII.215-217; 11.193; An I1.28.2-3
1.71;1.65
VIII.389; 11.237
MVIII.219; 11.187
VII1.191; XI.58; .230
11.155
IX.285
IX.284; 11.242
11.232
.123;11.81;.29.8; 13.23
MIX.231
.48
319
.61;=326
= VII.62; = 327
= 805; 227.115-116
= VIII.350; 1.18.11-13*; 3.17*18*; = 227.116(c-d)117(a-b)
= VIII.351; An I.29.7; 1.18.13*; 3.18*; XXIII.17;
XII.15.55; 35.19; 56.30; = 227.117(c-d)-l 18(a-b)
() 3.16*
VIII.126; 1.368; 12.51
MIX.231; 11.243, 305
VIII.302, =386; An II.25.15

6
2
3
4
5
6
7

VIII. 142; 11.37; 2.48*; 1. 100; .11.1


11.38
1.96( 108); 109
VIII.143, 150; 11.59; 12.32; 1. 125; III.12.9
VUI.144; 11.59; 1^126
MVIII.145;flII.58

10
11
12
13
14
15

11.44
VIII.151; 11.39; 2.44; 1.92( 107)
VIII. 151; 11.39, 57; 2.44-45; 1.92( 107); . 11.4
!.92(107)
11.39, 57
11.39, 57; 1,92( 107)
295


16
17
18
19
20-21
22
23
24-25
26
27
29-30
31
32
33
34-36
39
41 ()
42 ()
43 ()

11.39, 57; 12.36


MV111.151
1.50;.40; 1.123
.176;.4
9;11.42
11.20
11.22; 28
11.94
11.93
VIII. 166; 11.45, 50; 1.2, 3, 13, 11( 14); III. 11.14
11.51; 12.40
11.46, 49; 1.13( 16); III.11.23
1.15(18)
11.46; 1.8( 10)
VIII. 166; 11.45; 1.12( 15)
VIII.I66-I67; 11.45; 1.3, 10( 12)
VIII. 158-160; = 11.53
11.55; 1.106
11.56; 1.107

7
1,3
4
5
6-7
10
11
12 ()
13.()

1. 115( 135)
II .84
.89
IIVIII.165
, 168:; 11.89; ,117( 137)
1.
7(
VIII.164 137)
; 1 . 116( 136)
II .92; !1.123(
1. 118( 138); 143)
285

8
1-3
4
6
7-8
13
15
16
19
20-23
24
25

VMI.64-67; II.70-71; 1.19.13; 13.2; 1.137-141( 157 159; 157)


1.139( 157)
VIII.72; 11.72; 13.9
VIII.61-63; 11.68; 1.19.13; 16.28; 13.2; 1.133
VIII.74; 1.19.7
VIII.104; 11.83; 16.36; 13.24
VIII.105-106; 11.83; 1.19.16
VIII.87; An II.29.7; 13.12; III. 11.34
VIII.88, 113; III.11.35-37
VIII.79; 11.73
VIII.89; II.73-74
296

26
36
37
39 ()
40 ()
41 ()

VIII.90; II .75; 1.19.10


= 1.192( 21 1);= IV.138
11.82
= 11.79
=MVIII.73;fl 11.78
VIII. 117

9
2
4
12-14
20-21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
33 ()

II.95-96; 1 . 257; VIII.34


417
BpHxVIII.48
11.95, 96; 1. 257, 336
11.96; H I . A 269
11.98; 1. 334
1 254, 259; 34-35
1. 255; 424-425; 42
1.254, 259, 300
20.47(1. 335); 1. 255; 422, 425; 4 1 ^ 2
1.254, 259; 35
20.28(1. 313-314); 1. 255; 424-425; 42
1. 254, 259, 304; 35
20.45(1.332);426
11.97; 20.33(1. 320); 1. 268; 51

10
2
3
4
5
6
7-8
10 ()
11 ()
12 ()
13 ()

20.8-9(1. 261-262); 87-88


20.9 (1. 262), 1. 263; 88-90
11.100; 1. 274; 94
11.100; 1. 272; 97
.100;20.10(1.275);97
H I . A 276
11.101; 20.13(1. 277); 100-102
20.14(1. 278); 102-103
20.12(1. 283); VIII.49
1. 284; VIII.52; 440; 162

11
1-2
3-4
5
6

11.106; 20.15-16(1. 285-286); 109


11.103; 20.17(1. 287); 185-186
VIII.114; 11.105; 20.18; 128
.106;20.18-19(1.299); 129; 209
297


7
8 ()
9 ()
10 ()
11 ()
12 ()

11.107; 130; 209


.115;.107;20.20; 1.
11.107; 20.21. 298); 441
II.105; 1. 302
II. 104; 20.22-23; 1.291;= 126
20.24; 1. 294; = 127

12
2
3
4
5
6 ()
8 ()

H I . A 305
11.108; 1. 308
1. 306; 443; 146
11.109; 1. 309; 310; VIII.58, 59; 443; 142-143
11.109; 20.27(1.312); 1.311; VIII.60,61; 444;
144
20.31.317)

13
1
2
3
4
5 ()
6-7 ()

20.32; 1.318
20.34(1.321)
11.111; 20.35; 1. 322; 446-447
11.98; 20.36-37(1 . 323); 450-451
II. 111; 20.39; 1 . 326; VIII.64; 156
.110;20.40(1.325); 152-153

14
1
2
4-5 ()

20.41.327)
.112;20.43; 1. 329; 452; 157-159
II. 113; 20.43; 1. 330; 20.44(1. 331); 452; 161

15
1
2
3
4
5
7

1.158;17.12;1.111.27
MIX. 166; 1.128; .3.14; 17.13; 18.43; .7.4;
1.111.28
MIX. 167; 1.69; II.127-128; .3.17-18; 17.14; 18.43;
.6.24; 7.6; 1.111.28
1.128; .3.15; 17.15; 28.18; 18.43; III.7.5;
1.111.28
MIX. 127; 17.17; 28.18
MIX. 175; 11.130; .3.27; 17.18; 18.44; .7.12;
1.111.28
298

8
9
10-11
13
14
15-16
17
18
20-21
22
23
24
25
27
28-30
32-33
34-36
41
42
44 ()
45 ()
46 ()
47 ()

IX.175, 176; 1.67; 11.3.27; IV.1.16*; 17.19, 74; 12.4548


MV.163
IX. 172; 11.129; 11.3.24; 17.21-23; 18.43; III.7.10;
I.I 11.28
MIX.170; 11.129; .3.22;= 17.24; 18.43; III.7.8
MIX. 170
MIX.173; 11.131; .3.25; 17.26-27; 18.43; .7.11;
1.111.29
1.173
IX.168; 11.130; II.3.20; 18.44; III.7.15; 1.111.29
MIX.174; 11.131; II.3.26; 17.30; 18.44; .7.18;
1.111.29
MIX. 177; 11.131; .3.28; 17.33; 18.44; .7.16;
1.111.29
.3.28
IX.171; 11.132; .3.23; 17.36-37; 18.44; .7.9
17.37
MIX.178; .3.30; 17.38
IX. 163, 184; 17.39, 81
MIX.201; 11.140; II.14.1; II.3.37^0; 17.52-54;
28.43
MIX.203; 11.141; 28.44
IX. 183; 17.11*
MIX. 182; 17.10*
=1.138; = 1.68.38; = 4252; = 11.99.12;
.21.32
1.106;= 17.1*
= IX.137; 1.78; II.16.6*; = 17.5*
=1.139

16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

.5; 1.90; II.13.1; 1.16.6; 4.16; .48.16


.6; 4.16; 1.16.7
.31; XIII.48.18; 4.17
.12, 16;
1.94;
1.16.8; 17.7;
18.3;
4.17;
.48.13
MX.11-12, 17-18; 1.94; 4.19; 1.16.8, 11-12; 18.5;
.48.12
MX.11-12, 17; 1.93; 1.16.8; 1.17.7-8; 18.1,4,6; 4.17;
.48.10, 11, 17
MX.29, 31
.48;.48.13
.49
299

10
11
12-13
14
16
17 ()
18 ()

.48.12
.56;.48.11
.48.10
MX. 51-52; XII1.48.32
III.7.36
= .40; 18.7; XIII.48.29
=.62

17
1
2
3
4
6-8
10-12
13
14
17 ()
18
19
20
21
22 ()
23 ()

.114
11.121
MIX.216; 11.122; 28.29
28.21
1.185, 217; 11.135
MIX.187; 11.135; II.14.2-3; 1.11.11-13; 17.81-82;
28.21
IX.189; .14.5; . 14-15; 17.83-84; 28.42
IX. 188; 1.11 14; 17.87; 28.41
IX.212; = 11.138; XVI.116
MIX.194; 11.143; 13.8; III.2.14; 894
IX. 196; 11.145; 13.9
IX.197; 11.145; 13.9
IX.131; II.3.43; 17.46; 28.24; .45.13
= IX.200; = XVI.61
MIX. 162

18
I
2-5
II
28-30
31
32
35
36
37
41
42
43
44

()
()
()
()

IX.152; .3.10; XIII.47.12


MIX.153; 11.125;
II.3.10; 17.48-50;
.47.12-15, 18
.6.18
MIX. 156
MIX.157
1.154;.47.21
1.118; 11.124
MIX.104, 156; 11.117; II.3.3
MIX.112, 156;
11.114;
.3.9;
28.5;
.47.11,58
= IX.210; 11.120
=1.208;.108.11
1.209; 11.119
= IX.219; 28.46-47
300

.6.17;

III.6.6;

19
1
2
6
7
8
10
12
14
15
16
17
18
19

V. 104; 14.29
111.26; 14.29
MV.103; 111.26; II.15.2, 7; 1.11.24; 4.11; IV.4.10;
III.10.20; .5.1
.5.17
III.12-13; 1.11.24; IV.4.10-11, 13; .10.24;
II.5.2
IV.5.1; V.7; III.XIII.14; II.5.15; II.23.71
XIII.27.31
III.16; 4.15; IV.4.15; III.10.26; II.5.4
V.73; III.16; 14.39; III.10.26; II.5.4
V.73; III.16; 14.37; III. 10.25; .5.5
.5.5
II.5.28-29; IV.6.4
IV.6.1

20
1-3
3
6-9
10
11
13-14
29
30 ()
41 ()
43
44 ()
47 ()
48 ()
49 ()
50 ()
51()
52 ()
53 ()

1.67;.224.16
XII.224.16
1.69-70; XII.224.19-20
1.71; .224.28
1.79
1.72; XII.224.28, 30
11.27
111.11; .4.81
= XII.169.14; = .309.72
XI.2.5; IV.24.7
.149.9
.174.16; .7.22; 11.129
11.28
= 11.13
11.22
= 11.23
= 11.24
= II 25

21
2-3
5
6()
7()

111.247; 1.251-252
II.14.7
II. 14.7
II. 14.7
301

8()
19

.14.7
1.11.25

22
1

27
28
29-30
32

MV.59,83; .18; 1.11.1; 4.16,28; 14.1; .1;


15.2; 1.4.18; IV.7.6; ..19;
.5.9; 11.23.1
MV.83;
111.22;
4.28-30;
14.2-5;
.2;
15.3; ..19
MV.60;
II.15.2-3;
1.11.2;
4.17-18;
14.13;
15.2
15.24; .23.2
MV.102
.23.32
15.17; 11.23.30
1.11.31; 15.4
V.58; III. 18, 23; II. 15.2; 15.4; IV.4.24-25;
.10.2-4
11.23.12
V.69; III.1; 1.11.4*; 4.34; III.14; III.10.5
V.67; .23; 15.5; 11.23.11
11.67

35
36
37

V.79; .20; 1.11.17; 4.24; 14.6; 11.23.18


1.11.18; 4.25; 14.7; 11.23.18
4.26; 14.8

39
40-41
42-44

.75;.21; 14.44; 15.11


.76;.21;4.36; 14.19; 15.12
MV.8O-81;
III.24-25;
1.11.28-30;
14.20-22;
IV.4.21, 26; 15.13-16; .23.22-23, 25-26
V.82; .24-25; 111.3.25; 15.15; 11.23.24
II.23.27
V.95; 111.21, 27; 14.10-12; 15.20; .23.60
V.93-94; 111.27; 19.47*; 14.45; 15.21
V.93; 111.28; 19.47*-48*; 15.21; 11.23.57
11.23.58
V.89; III.6; 23.14; .23.62-63
XI.184; 15.12; 20.7; 227.63; 170.4
23.16*
V.103; 111.26; 14.30-31; 111.47
MV.144; .1.23
V.85; 111.30; 1.9.5*; 11.34, 36*; 4.38; 14.30
V.66
V.87, 138, 145; 1.196; 3.38; 1.37; 1.2.32
=14 V. 135; 1.213.35

2-4
5
6
8
21
22
25
26-27

45
46
47
48
49-51
54-55
56
57
58-59
63-64
67
69
72
75
81 ()

302

82 ()
85 ()
86 ()
87 ()
88 ()
89 ()
90 ()
91 ()
92 ()
93 ()

= XI.95
= V.65
=.91;.15
= V.88; III.5
= V.105; 1.194; 111.31; 23.32*; 1.8.52*
MV.106
=.17;.
=MV.1O8; 111.32; 3.58*
= V.1O9; .33-34; 1.8.2*; III.1.27*; = 3.60*
MV.110

23
2
4
5
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16-17
19-21
22
23
25-26
27
28
30
33
36-37
38 ()
39 ()
40 ()
41 ()
43 ()
47 ()
48 ()

16.3
16.10
MV. 123; 1.8.49; 14.3; 3.59*; 1.34; 16.2
V.112; 1.182; 1.8.33, 46-^7; 3.61-62; 16.4
1.182-183
.117;1.183
MV.116;
1.185;
1.17.13;
1.8.50;
13.26-28,31-32;
16.6
.117;1.184
MV.115; 1.184; 16.7
V. 115, 118; 1.184; 1.14.12; 16.9
V.118-119; 1.182, 184; 1.8.38, 42^43; 13.13; 14.11; 3.49, 53;
1.29, 33; VII.28-29; 35.4
MV. 119; 1.182; 1.10.9; 35.5
V.122; I. 13.21-22; VII.29; 35.9
V.120; 1.186; 1.8.39-40; 1.29
V.120; 1.187; 1.8.41; 3.55
MV.121; 1.185; 1.8.45^7; 3.52; 1.31
MV.114; 1.190; An I.17.11; 1.8.33; 3.49, 58*; 1.29;
VII.2; 16.4; 35.17-18
V.115; 1.185; An I.17.12; 1.8.35; 3.49; 1.29
1.185; 1.8.37; 3.54
MV.115; 1.190; 14.26; 35.18
V.122; 1.187; An I.17.10; 1.8.34; 3.49; 1.29
35.26
=MV.125; 1.189; 14.22-23
= VI26; 1.191; 3.48; 1.42; 35.19
= 1.194; 28.9
= 1.197; 1.9.7; VII.34; 35.25
V.128; 1.192; 1.9.10*; 3.35, 47*
=MV.127; 1.191; = 1.9.9*; = 14.24*
= V.129; 1.187; 1.9.1; 3.46
303


49 ()
50 ()
51 ()
52 ()
53 ()
54 ()
55 ()
56 ()
57 ()

=MV.13O;
1.187, 193;
1.9.2;
3.45^6*;28.8*;
16.16; 1.222.23
MV.131; 1.192; 3.45*; 35.20
= V.132; 1.194; 1.10.19; 6.1.3.4
= V.133; 1.193; 35.21
=MV.141; 1.195; 1.16.11-13; 1.8.24-25*; 3.37;
1.38^1
= V.142; 1.195; 1.10.34*; 3.42*
= .143; 1.8.27-29; 3.43*; 1.28
MV.122; 1.188; 1.9.11; 3.56; 16.8; 35.15
V.124; 1.188; 1.13.19; 3.57

24
1-4
1
2
3
4
5
6-8
9-10
12-16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

III. 13; 1.57; 1.24; 4.7


1.16.2; 12.5; 1.4.8; XIII.47.4
1.16.3; 1.4.9; .47.47
1.16.4; 1.4.10; XIII.47.51
1.16.5; 1.4.11; XIII.47.57
111.43; 1.62; 12.2; 4.14
MIII.44; 1.62; 4.14
III.5; 1.53; II. 1.37-38; 8.1-2; 4.1-5; .4.45; 4.1
III.8; 1.53; XIII.107.125
111.20; 1.20.1; 1.28; 12.38; 4.2
111.21; 1.58-61; 1.29; 12.38-39; 4.2; 1.67.89
.27;1.58;
An II.11.17; 1.20.2; 1.30; 4.6;
12.40; III.2.2; 4.4; 1.6.1; 1.7.12
Mill.28; 1.59; II.11.19; 1.20.5; 1.31; 4.9; 12.41;
III.2.5; 4.4; 1.6.2
.29;1.59; .11.18; 1.20.4; 1.32; 4.8; 12.41;
III.2.4; 4.4; 1.6.3
III.30; 1.60;
1.20.3;
4.7; 12.40; III.2.3;
4.5; I 6.3
.32;1.61; . 11.20; 1.20.7; 1.33; 4.10; 12.42;
III.2.6; 4.5; 1.6.5
III.31; 1.61; II.12.1; 1.20.6; 1.35; 4.11; 12.42:
III.2.7; 4.5; 1.6.6; 1.7.12
III.33; 1.61; 11.12.2; 1.20.8; 1.34; 4.12; 12.43;
III.2.8; 4.6; 1.6.8
111.34; 1.61; 1.20.9; 4.13; 12.43; KAIII.2.9;
4.6; 1.6.7
III.24: .12.3; 1.20.10; 4.14; 12.44; .2.10;
4.3: 1.67.10
304

-
28
29
30-32
38
40 ()
41 ()

1.20.12; 4.15; 12.44; 1.67.11-14


111.37; 1.58; 4.33; 1.6.1.2-4.1
III.38; 1.59-60; 4.29-32; 1.6. 1.2-4
.151;1.64
1.90;1.64;
1.1.14*;
17.67-68;
.44.16
MIX.93

18.20;

25
3
4-6
9-10
12
13

15 ()
17 ()

1.83
M V . 150; 1.83
IX.75; 1.84
14 V.147-148; IX.3; 1.85; II.3.44-45; 5.1, 3; 18.1
V.148, 151;1.85;.3.45;5.3
M V . 151; 1.75
= V.155; 1.77; .3.47; 21.14*
= .160;1.75;131

26
1
2
6 ()
7 ()

1.88
IX. 86; S8
III. 15; 1.27
III. 18; 14.11

27
1
2
3
4
5
6-9
10-11
12
13
14

1.11; 2.1; 1.13


1.11; 2.1; 1.13.2; 11.6.1; II.2.1-2;
1.20.
1.11; 1.14.1; II.7.1-2
11.29; 1.11; 1.15.1-3; 11.7.17-21; 1.16.3;
1.24.1; III. 177.29
11.30; 1.12; 2.2; 1.15.4; II.8.8;
1.17.1; 1.24.4
11.31; 2.3^1; 1.15.4-6
11.34; 1.12; 2.5; 1.16.1; 1.17.5; 1.19.1;
1.27.1
11.35; 1.12; 1.17.1; .9.1; II.1.1-2;
J 28.1-2
11.66; 1.13; 1.15.10; 16.6; 17.18
1.13
305

15-17

18

19
20

21

22
23
24
25
26 ()

27 ()
28 ()
29 ()

11.36; 1.14; 1.1.19; 1.3.7-9; 11.49-51; 1.5-7, 11;


2.6; 1.19.1-4; 11.10.1-3; 41.1-3;
.2.1-3; II. 1.1, 4-5
11.42; 1.29; 1.2.33-37; 1.3.13; 11.58-60; 1.15;
2 10; 1.19.12; II. 10.10; II.5.21-24;
11.1.15-17
. 4 1 , 4 4 ; 1.29; An I.2.39-40; 3.8; 1.8.5; 1.17-18;
2.12; 11.10.12; 11.5.16
11.41; 1.29; 1.3.3, 5-7; 1.3.14; 11.61-63; 1.16;
2.10; 1.19.10; II. 10.8-9; .5.17-19;
11.1.2,4-5
11.45; 1.29; 1.2.38; 11.52-54; 1.22-24; 1.3.15;
2.11; 1.19.13; II.10.11; 11.5.25-28;
II. 1.18-20;
11.46; 1.3.15; 11.55-57; 1.26; II. 1.21-24
11.45; 1.29; An I.2.38; 1.3.15; 11.52-54; 1.22-24
11.47; 1.25
11.49; 1.30; 1.3.28-30; 1.3.16-17; 11.68-70; 2.36;
2.13; 1.22.8; II.5.2^1
= 11.38;
1.1.27;
1.3.12;
11.71-73;
1.12-14;
2.7; 1.19.5-7;
. 10.4;
41.4;
115.36-38; II. 1.1-8
= 11.39;
1.38;
11.74-75;
21.11;
2.8;
1.19.9; II. 10.5; .5.39; . 1.9-13
= 11.174; 1.19.10
=14 11.64; 1.6.6-9

28
1
2
3
4

5
6
7

8
9

1.2.11
11.222; 11.7.2; 2.11; V111.2(l 12.11-13)
11.101; 1.23-25; An I.30.8; 11.7.13-14; 7.16; 2.10II; II.9.1-3
11.108, 186;
1.25;
1.4.14, 16;
1.3.19;
2.8;
VIII.2(112.11-13);
.1.27;
II.5.9, 11;
11.6.8
11.176; 1.22; An I.2.30; 1.3.39-40; 7.17; 2.8;
1 23
11.73; 1.27; An I.5.26; 7.13; 1.54; 2.29
11.108, 182, 191;
1.27;
An I.2.20,4.23;
2.30;
VIII.2(112.16-113.3);
3.9;
III. 1.15;
II 5.11; II.6.8
11.41^47; 1.29; 1.2.33; 3.10; 1.15, 16, 22; 3.13
11.183, 184; 1.29; 1.3.25; 1.3.18; 7.9; 2.35
306

-
10

12
13
14
15-16
17
18
19 ()
20-22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32-33
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44-45
46
47 ()
48 ()
49 ()
50 ()
51 ()
52 ()
53 ()

An I.3.25; 7.14; VIII.2(112.16-113.3)


11.177-179; 1.33; 1.2.22-23; 25-27; 3.11; 7.8-10; 1.3.24;
7.15; 14.20;
VIII.2(112.16-113.3);
2.13, 16, 17;
3.12; 111.1.16, 19, 25-26; 11.5.12
3.12
11.194; An I.4.22.28; 1.3.21; 2.21; 3.11
An I.5.12, 18; 3.10; III.1.27
11.72;
An I.5.19-22;
1.3.25;
13.42;
6.1-3;
VIII.2(112.11-13); IV.12.5
11.122, 124; 1.26; 1.5.12; 1.3.27; 13.44; 6.5;
IV.12.5
II. 195; An I.6.5; 2.25; 7.12
11.196;
An I.6.6-9;
1.3.38;
7.12;
2.28;
VIH.2(112.13-15); .5.30
11.197; 7.12; VIII.2(112.13-15)
11.198
11.199; An I.8.15; 2.18, 23; VIII.2(112.16-113.3)
11.199
11.200
II.204; An I.8.12-13; 1.3.34
11.204
13.54*
14 11.205; An I.6.29-30; 8.19-20; 13.54; 6.3-4
11.208; 1.7.28; 13.54*; VIII.2(112.16-113.3)
11.209; An I.7.30; 1.3.36; 2.31-32
11.168; 3.2*
11.169; 1.39; 2.3*; 1.6
11.170; 2.3*; 1.7; III.177.29
1.39; 1.8
II. 172; 2.6*; 1.3.6; 1.8
11.219; An I.2.31-32; 7.11; 1.27
11.245; 1.51; An I.7.19;! 1.30; 2.48-49; 3.15
.9.4; .4.1-2
11.243; 1.49; An II.21.6; 11.11.13; 7.4; 3.5-6
11.247; 1.1.49; 7.5; 3.7.8
11.248; 1.49; 7.5-6; 3.8
11.249; 3.9
= XI.121; II. 1.30; 23.4
= XI. 123; 23.18; III.I2.6-8
= XI.124; 23.19; III.12.8
= 11.181; III.278; 23.20
=14 11.187; III.281; 23.20
= 11.220; 11.12.13-14; 20.4; 23.21

307

29
1
2
3
7 ()
8 ()
9(-)
10 (-)

11.140; 1.34; An I.1.14; 3.21; 1.9-10


11.141; 1.35; 3.22-23; 3.1
11.143; 1.35
= 11.111
= 11.112; 1.4.1
.4;=2.8*;.4*
. 115; = 2.9*; = II.4*

30
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
21
22
23
24-25
26
27
30
32
33
34-38

MIV.95; 1.142; An 1.9.1,3; 1.12.16; 13.1-5; 16.1-2


IV.96; 1.143; An I.9.2; 1.12.16
IV.98; 13.7
MIV.113; 1.146; 1.9.28; 1.21.4, 17,22; 13.22;
16.35; 3.5
IV.; 1.146; 16.22; 13.34; 3.5
3 5
IV.122; 1.149; 1.11.8; 1.21.5
1.103;1.145, 149; 1.11.25; 1.21.6
MIV.103, 105, 115; 1.145, 150; 1.11.30; 1.21.4; 13.33,3536; 16.22
IV. 108; 1.148; An I.9.14; 13.11; 16.19
IV. 121
IV.115; 1.148; An I.10.19; 1.21.16; 16.8
16.7; 13.21
MIV.99; 1.148; An I.9.9-11; 1.21.15; 18.12-13; 16.19
IV. 116; 1.148; An I.9.6; 1.11.9; 13.13; 1.61; 16.18
IV.109; 1.149; 16.12; II. 11.4; IV.7.36
IV.112; 13.14.23; 16.17.34; IV.7.45
MIV.120;
1.151;
An I.9.27;
13.19;
16.17;
1V.7.32
IV.121; 13.28; 16.34;
IV. 121; 13.31
MIV.126; 1.147; 1.59
1.21.4
MIV.97, 119; 1.144; 1.10.2; 16.40; IV.5.17*
MIV.123; 1.148; An I.10.19; 1.21.5; 13.30; 16.21;
II. 11.6; IV.7.21
1.32.15; 12.46
1.21.22*
11.71; 1.26; 1.3.25-28; 1.46; 11.7.4-6; 1V.8.15
11.74; An I.13.6; 1.57; IV.8.12-13
1.41-46; .3.3
308

-
41-42
43 ()
44 ()
45 ()
46()
47(-)

14 11.116
11.117
= 11.146; 2.3*-5
= 11.147; An I.1.18
= 11.148; 1.1.16-17
11.144; An I.I.14-15; 2.10*; II.4*

31
1-2
3
5-6
7 ()
8 ()
9 ()
10 ()

11.225; 1.14.6
21.15
11.228, 235; 3.9
11.230; XII. 109.6
11.231; XII. 109.7
= 11.234; = XII.109.11
= 11.233; XII. 109.8

32
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8-9
10
11
13 ()
14 ()
15 ()
16 ()
17 ()
18 ()

.206-207
11.131
. 131,133
11.130; An I.14.11; 1.3.45; 13.41; 6.9
11.210
.211; 1.3.37; 2.32
11.129
1.205;1.291
An I.2.20
11.201
11.212; 2.34; 1.3.33
= 11.216
= 11.217; An I.14.8; 2.33; 6.1-3
= 11.136; 1.116; 13.56-57; 6.20
= 11.135; An I.14.25*; XIII.8.20
= 11.155

33
6

=BxrrXVI.21;M6xV.33.57

34
2 ()

XI.104, 171; III.259, 233; An I.25.2; II. 1.13-14; 20.1416; 23.8-9


309

35
1
2
3-5
6 ()

1.235;1.55;.227;
An I.21.8;
1.19;
17.3; 168.24
III.227; 1.20; 168.24
MXI.181;
111.261;
11.2.35*;
1.21-22*;
XII.159.34; 170.1-2
XI.83; III.244; An I.24.22; II. 1.5; 22.9

21.1;

21.3;

36
1
2
3
4-7
8

MXI.88; 111.228, 251; 1.24.6-9; II.1.12; 20.23-24, 34;


22 12-13; 17 4
XI.57; III.228-229; An I.21.8; 21.1
XI.58; III.230; .2.3; 168.27
XI.59, 171; 111.231-233; An I.21.8-9, 17; 11.2.13; 20.1516; 21.1; 23.12; 168.28
1.24.22

37
1-3
4-5
6
7
13
14
15-18
19
20-21
22-26
27
28-32
33
35 ()

XI.56; III.229; 21.10; 168.25


XI.57; 111.228; An I.21.8; 168.26
XI.60; 111.234, 237, 239; 1.23; 168.29
1.65; 1.21.14-17; 168.35
XI.67; 111.234, 236; 21.11; 168.37
XI.63; III.234; .2.5; 168.32
1.61;.234-235, 238; 168.30
1.63;.234;21.11; 168.32
III.235
XI.64-65; 111.240, 242; 168.33-34
XI.65; III.239; 168.35
1.66;1.234, 236, 242; 11.2.13; 168.35-36
XI.67; III.239; 168.36
XI. 118; III.265; 169.15

38
1-6
7 ()

XI.68; 168.37
= XI. 125; = 169.23

39
I
2()

MXI.69; 168.38-39
XI. 126; 169.24-25
310

40
2 ()

1.70; 168.39-40
1.126; 169.24-25

41
5 ()

1.71; 168.40
1.126; 169.24-25

1-45
1-22
2-7
8-15
16-22
34 ()

V.26; I1.VI; II; VIII


III.222-224; 371.20-22
IV.88
IV.89
IV.90
XII.76

43

44
11
14-20
21-25
26-30
31-34
35-37
39^12
44 ()
45 ()

15.23
.62;1.214-215
MXII.63; 111.211,215
.64;1.215
.65;.213
.66;.214-215
.67; 111.214
= XII.68
=11.69;.112.110

45
1
3-6
7-10
11-14
20-21,31
32 ()

XI.48; 20.43*
XI.49; .29; 20.44*
MXI.50; 111.211
1.51;.21
MXI.52
MXI.53

46
1
2-9

26.1
18.1-2
311


6-7
10
11
13
18
19
20
21
22
23
24 ()
25 ()

26.6
1.212;1.319; An 1.27.7; .2.38; IV.5.6;
21.20;
26.2-5; 18.3; 5.11; 171.11
1.215;.317; 11.2.37; IV.5.10; 21.21; 23.2;
18.4; 6.1
.320; .2.41; IV.5.9; 26.20; 24.3; 171.8
XI.216 ; .320; IV.5.15*; 18.5; 171.10
1.213;1.314; 1.5-13; 27.13; 18.8;
7.1-3; 171.8-9
.315;1.5.16;27.13;
18.8; 7.4;
171.9
171.10
III.322; IV.5.22; 18.9
.316;27.12
XI.224-225; 24.4-5; 26.6.8
XI.223, 225, 226; 18.13

47
1
2-4
5-6
7
8
9
10 ()

.8.1; 23.44; 27.1


XI.217-218; 111.323;
III.8.19-23; IV.5.17*;
27.21*; 27.12-15; 18.11-12; .2
III.8.26
MXI.219;BflxIV.5.19*
1.220;/.5.18*
1.221;.324;/.5.20*
XI.222; III.8.30

48
1
2
3
4
5
6 ()
7
8()
11
12
13
14
16
17 ()
18 ()

=.6.1
= .6.2
= III.6.3 (.6.2)
= 111.6.4 (.6.3)
= 111.6.6(111.6.11)
.6.6 (III.6.13); IX.96.6
.6.7(.6.14)
= 111.6.8(111.6.15)
= 111.6.9(111.6.16); 171.7
111.6.10(111.6.17); 171.7
III.6.11 (III.6.18); 171.8
111.6.12(111.6.19)
111.6.13(111.6.20)
= 111.6.5(111.6.4)
111.6.5(111.6.5)
312

23.45*;

19 ()
20 ()
21 ()
22 ()

.6.5 (.6.6); .4.7


.6.5 (III.6.7)
.6.5 (111.6.10); .19.1
.6.5 (.6.8, 9)

50
1-6

7
9
10
12
13
14
15
16
17-18
19-20
21
22
25-28
29
30-32
33
34

1.73;.243;
An I.24.11, 14-16; 28.21-29.1;
.1.2-3;
20.28; 22.4, 6; .66-67; 17.1-3; 169.1
II.1.3; 20.28; .66-67; 17.2
. 1.2; 20.28; 22.4; 17.2-3
1.88;1.251; An I.24.6-9; II.1.12; 20.34; 22.12;
17.4
XI.88; .251; An I.24.6; 20.34; 17.4
XI.88; III.251; .1.12; 20.34; 22.12
MXI.89; 17.6
XI. 127; III.266; II. 1.8; 20.31; 22.14; 17.8
XI. 127; .267; II. 1.9; 20.32; 22.15; 17.8
XI.127; .1.10; 20.33; 22.16; 17.9
XI.73; .243; An I.24.11; II. 1.3; 20.28; 22.4
1.109;.263
MXI.111-112
XII13
XI.114; = VIII.32
XI.110
1.!37;.27!
1.138;1.273
XI.132; .270; An I.25.13; 1.19.6; 21.24
XI. 136; .272; An I.25.13; 1.19.6
1.134;.273;22.25

35
36-39
36
40^1

1.134;.273;22.23
XI. 135; .271, 274; 22.24
XI.135; 22.24
XI.138; III.272

46()

=1.141;.269;
An I.26.2;
17.12
=1.142;1.275;22.22
=:.!43;.276
=1.144;1.275
=1.145;.276

3
6
7-9

47
48
49
50

()
()
()
()

21.25;

22.20-21;

51
1
2-4

XI.93; III.254
XI.151; .255; 11.1.21; 20.19-20; 23.3-4
313

MV.5, 12, 19; XI.157; 1.171-176; An I.17.26, 29, 32; 1.12.3;


14.33, 48; 23.30; 17.29-30, 32
5
XI. 152; 11.1.20; 20.18; .
7
1.209;1.161, 168; An I.18.16-17; 14.10; 17.17
8
MIV.210, 218; 1.18.18, 22; 17.17; .37.22
9
MIV.210, 211; 1.161; An 1.18.22; 14.3; 17.17
10
M1V.212; 1.162; An I.19.15*; 18.21; 14.2, 19*; 17.17, 19
11
MIV.213; 1.162-163
12
1.214;1.165
14
1V.215; 1.161, 163; An I.18.19; 14.5
15
MIV.216; 1.163, 164; 14.11
16
M1V.216; 1.164; 14.6
17
MIV.208, 209; 1.167, 168; 17.10-12
18
MIV.208, 213; 1.167, 168; An 1.16.28; 17.10
19
MIV.207; 1.162; 1.19.1
20
MIV.213; 1.167; An I.17.4; 17.21
21
MV.16; 1.173-175, 177-178; 1.12.8; 17.36
23-24
XI. 148; II. 1.22*; 20.21
23
II. 1.22*
25
XI. 150; 23.6; XII. 159.71
26
MV.18; 1.174; 14.40
27
MV.13, 17; 1.174-175; 14.44
28
V.11; 1.172; An I.17.34; 1.12.2
29
V. 12; 1.172-174; 1.17.33, 35; 14.48; 17.28-29
30
M V . I I , 18; 14.40; 17.28
31
14.48; 17.34-35
34
MV.5, XI.156; 1.171; An I.17.28; 14.33; 17.32
35
V.25; 1.169; An I.17.17-19; 1.12.14-15; 14.37-38
36
MV.6; 1.171; 14.33; 17.33
37
.7; 1.171, 173
38
V.9; 1.170; An I.17.21-22; 1.12.11-12; 17.24
39^t0
MV.8; 1.170;
An I.17.23-24;
1.12.9-10;
14.34-35;
17.22-23,25-26
42
MV.9, 10; 1.167; An I.17-20; 14.37; 17.14; 1.12.14-15
43^14
XI.158; 23.12
45
1.159;.282;23.11
46-47
XI. 160; 23.11
50,54,56 XI. 153; 14.33
59 ()
= V.36; 1.179; 1.17.29-31
60 ()
.38;1.180
61 ()
= V.39
62 ()
= V.34
63 ()
=MV.40; 19.12
64 ()
V.41; 4.6*; II.16.1*
65 ()
V.42
314

66 ()
67 ()
68 ()
69 ()
70 ()
71 ()
72 ()
73 ()
74 ()
75 ()
76 ()
77 ()
78()

= V.43
= V.44
= V.45
= V.46
= .47;1.181
= V.48; 4.7*
= V.49
= V.50
= V.51
= V.52; 16.14, 34; 117.10
= V.53; 1.181; XIII. 116.10, 16
= V.54
= V.55

52
1
2
3
5
6
7
8
9
10
11-13

VIII.314, 315; XI.100; III.257; An I.25.4; 20.41; .1.16;


12.43; XII.77-78; 169.20
VIII.316; XI.101; III.257; 1.25.4; 20.41; .1.17;
12.44; XII.78; 169.21
XI.102 ; III.258; 17.3
XI. 163; 227.42
XI.164; 227.43; 173.44
1.165; 227.44; 169.29
XI. 166; 227.45; 169.30
XI.167; 227.46; 169.31
XI. 168;; 227.47; 169.32
XI.169; 227.48; 169.33

53
1
2
3
4
5-6
7
9 ()

XI.106, 171; III.260; 17.3; 169.34


21.16-17; 17.9
23.6
XI.174-175; An I.26.7; 169.36-37
1.176; 11.4.13-14*; 23.41; 169.38
XI.174; 22.36; 169.36
= XI. 179; 1.27.11 *; II.2.11 *; VII.8c-9a; = 169.41

54
1
9
10

XI. 182; 227 .61


17.5
XI.203
315


11
12
13
14
15
16
23
24 ()
25 ()
26 ()
27 ()
28 ()
29 ()
30 ()
31 ()
32 ()
34 ()

11.220; An II. 12.13-14; 20.4; 23.21


1.200; .277; 23.31; 23.7
XI.41; 21.27; 17.6
21.28
21.29-30
20.7-8
XI.202; .290
=1.195;1.289
=1.198; .288; 1.26.7
=1.192; 1.1.28-29; 11.76-79; = 170.8-9
=1.193.
= XI.194; An I.28.11-12; 23.36; 20.45^17
= XI.204
= XI.209; III.292; = II. 1.7*
XI. 190
=1.191;.298
=1.210;.293

55
1
2
3
4
6
7 ()
9 ()
10 ()
11 ()
12 ()
13 ()
14 ()
15 ()
16 ()
17 ()
18 ()
19 ()
20 ()
21 ()

XI.248; III.300; 25.1 *; 24.1


XI.249; III. 3OI-3O2; IV.1.29*; 26.4*; 24.10;
12.18-19
111.301
XI.250; III.303; 26.5*; 24.10
1.252;.304;26.7*
= XI.261; 26.8*; 1V.2.15*; 24.12; 9.13
1.23; = 25.13*; = IV. 1.28*; = 7.13
=14 11.76
= 11.77
= 11.78; II. 11.6
11.79; IV. 1.29*; 26.4*
11.80; 11.7.15*
= 11.81
= 11.82; .7.22
= 11.83; 10.5*; 25.11*
11.84
= 11.85; 26.9*; 12.29
= .86;=26.10*
= 11.87; = 26.11*

56
1-2
3-9

111.3.7; 28.10;
= 28.11 11.1
316

-
3
4
5
6
7
8
10-13
15-17
18-19
21-24
26
27(-)

.3.8; IV.2; 26.8; 11.1


.3.8;
XI.250; .3.8; 26.5; 11.1
XI.254; .3.8
.3.8; 11.1
XI.258; .3.8; 11.1
28.12; 11.2
28.13; 11.3
28.14; 11.4
28.14; 11.4
XI.252; 26.7
= 28.15; 11.5

57
6-7
8
9
10
11 ()
12 ()
13 ()
14 ()
15 ()
16 ()

IV. 186
MIV.187, !90
1.186; 1.213
MIV.247, 250; 1.214; An I.18.1; 1.9.8; 14.12; 17.3
IV.248; 1.215; An I.19.13*; 14.16*
= IV.249; An I.19.13*; 14.18*
IV.251; 1.216; An I.7.20; 14.13*; 17.4
IV.211,213; 1.215
MIV.252
= IV.253; 1.166; An I.18.14; 17.6

1-2
9 ()
10 ()
11 ()
12 ()

1.40.46; 1.213. 86-87


1.41; 1.213.87
1.42
1.43
1.45

58

59
1-2
4
5-7
8-9
10
1!

111.67; IV.25; 1.97; 8.9; 11.45; 5.7-8; 8.16; .4.22;


5.14
IV.25; .4.23; 11.46; 5.14
IV.26;
1.125;
.4.23; 11.46;
5.15;
.8.1
XI.7; 1.124; 8.10; .159.5
XI.27; 1.126; XII.159.14; 5.16
1.25;1.127
317


13
18
19
20-24
25
26
27
28

()
()
()
()

III.94; 1.108; An II.4.10; II.9.I2


.68; 5.1
.69; An I.12.14-15; 13.1; II.11.1; 5.3, 9; 5.23; III. 1.1-2
.70;1.102; An I.12.15; 13.1; III 1.1; 5.4;
III. 1.3; 1.5.6.1;
= 111.72
III.77-78; VI.87, 89; 8.14*-16*; 5.5
III.78; VI.89; 8.14*; 5.5
=.80;8.14*-16*

60
1
2
3
4
5
7
8-9
10
12
16
18
21
22
23
24
25 ()
26 ()

IV.92; 1.115; XIII.107.16; 1.213.24


1.50;1.16; An I.31.1; 1.10.10; 6.10*; 9.41^*3;
IV.12.25; 1.213.26-27
MIV.49;
AnI.3O.I5;
1.10.10;
12.13*;
9.38;
.7.15; IV.12.21
IV.46; 1.30.18; 6.12*; 9.40; .7.15; 1.213.28
1.134; 9.40; 1.213.28
6.12*
IV.47
M I V . 4 6 ; m I.213.28
IV.45; 1.134; An I.30.18; 6.12; 9.40
MIV.47
6.12; 9.40; 1.213.28
IV.46;An I.30.18; 1.213.28
IV.48; 1.134; An I.30.20; 9.12; IV.12.23
IV.49; An I.30.I4-I5; 1.10.10; 9.37; IV.12.20
V.134.; 1.17 ; 1.10.11; 1.213.30
= V.I36; 1.10.12-15; 6.18*; 1.213.31-32
= V.137; = 6.19*; 16.23-24

61
1
6-7
8-10
13
14
15
16 ()
17 ()

1.32.9; .6.4; 9.44 ; 12.34;


1.2.2; IV.24.6-7; I.V.71; 85.2
85.2
85.8
1.2.2;
IV.24.6-7;
4apI.V.73;
85.3-7;
1.213.48-^9
1.2.2; IV.24.6; 1.213.50
MIV.152;flI.98; 1.2.1,3; IV.24.4; I.V.71, 72;
85.8-9
1.213.50
318

62
l^t
5
6-7
8
9()

M 11.59; 1.19; 1.8.15-16;


3.64-68;
10.2;
34.103-109
11.61; 1.18, 20; An I.15.4-6; 16.1-2; 1.8.17-18; 3.26, 30,
36; 1.36; 10.5-6; 1.2.5.22-23, 27
11.58, 60; 1.18, 20; An I.16.2; 1.8.14,20-21; 3.26; 1.36;
10.3
11.60; 1.20; An I.16.5-7; 3.28; 1.8.26; 1.36;
10.3; 1.2.7-8
M1I.62; = 1.21; 1.16.2; 1.8.23*; .31-34; 1.36;
10.4; 1.2.29

63
1
2
4
6
7-8
9
12-14
15
18
23-24
25-32
39
40
41
42
45
46
50 ()

MIV.33;X.l 13; 1.130; 9.63-64; 12.2


IV.60; 11.6.21; IV.12.12; .5.33
IV. 140; .6.22; .5.34; .107.25
IV.140
IV.55; 11.6.23; .5.32; XIII. 107.24
IV.140; 12.43; XIII.107.24
MIV.67
MIV.72
MIV.131; XIII.107.52
IV.78; 1.139; 11.20.11; 9.15; .6.16
IV.39; 1.133; 9.66; IV.12.15
IV. 130; 1.152
MIV.132;flI,152
MIV.38; An 1.31.13; 11.6.15; 12.9; 9.52
1V.38; .9.6; III.5.11
IV.77; .6.26; 12.45; 9.32; .9.6;
12.44
11.138; 1.117; II..5-9; .6.30*; 13.58-60; 6.2425

64
!
2
4
5
6
8
12

M1V.201; 1.159; 11.5.6


1.159;.5.7
IV. 129
MIV.45; .6.24; 9.61; .9.6;
IV. 12.31
MIV.129; .6.25; .9.6
An I.32.8
IV.83
319

11.7.6;

13
14
15
16

19
21
24
27
30-31

IV 12 32
12.14
1.16
MIV.203;flI.159
IV.4.2
IV.4.4
IV. 152; II. 176; I. 100; II.3.5.4
1.196
11.3.5.2

65
3-4
6-8
14

= .90.2
= II.90.3-4
= II.90.7

67
1-3
3
4-23

5
6-7
9
10
11
12
15-18
19
20
21-22
23
24-25
26
27
29
30
31
33 ()
34 ()
35 ()
36 ()

III.84-86; II.5.11; 11.3; 5.10; 1.2.1-2; 1.3.1;


.9.2; .11.14.1-4
1.2.2; 54.1; 2.12.2-3; II. 14.4
.87-91; An II.3.15, 18-23; .4.1-8; 11.4; 5.11-17;
1.2.3-10; 1.4.8-12; .9.3-10; II 14.517
.3.19;54.2
54.3
An II.3.22
II.4.2-3; 2.12.7
.3.21
.11.14.10
2.12.12-15; II. 14.7
= 2.12.16
.4.2; 2.12.7
111.90; 2.12.18; .11.14.16
.91; 11.5; 1.2.10; 2.12.20
III.82; .100.8
III.92; 1.103; An II.9.5-6; 11.9; . 14.22
.94; 1.108; An II.4.10; II.9.I2
III.105; 1.107; 8.4; 5.40
.105;8.5
5.7
.100; 8.6; II. 17.1*; .184.12; 29.3132; 1.63
= III. 102; = 8.7*; 5.40
= .103; = 8.8*; 5.40; An II.6.5; 1.42; II. 16.3*
= ; 11.6; 5.44
320

37 ()
38 ()
39 ()
40
41
42
43
45

()
()
()
()
()

= III. 112; An .4.18-20; .5.14; 11.6; 5.45


= 1 1 3 ; 1.108; 11.6
Mill.114; 1.105; .4.12;
11.13.5; 11.7 5.25;
11.14 21; II.9 13
III. 115; II. 13.5; 5.18
III.116; 1.105; II.8.2; 11.8, 11; II.9.14
1.117;.13.6.
=1.118;.13.2.
.99; 1.107; An II.4.13-14, 16; II.6.7-14; 8.12; 5.31-34

68
12
14
19
20
21
23
26
27
29
34
35
37
38
40
41
42
43
46 ()
47 ()
48 ()
49 ()

M1V.55
IV.45; 1.131
M1V.74
IV.65
IV.63; .6.5; 12.35; 9.56
IV.74
.8.4
IV.62; . 18.1; 9.58
IV.75
11.53; IV.76; .5.21; .107.29
11.53; II.5.21
1.135
MIV.82
11.51, 52; An I.31.1; II. 12.7; 12.18
11.52
11.54; 1.31; .5.21; 3.69; 9.59
11.54; II.5.21; II.12.7
IV.43; 1.131; 12.31; 9.32; IV.11.10
IV.63; 11.56; II.1.3; II.12.9
M l V . 6 2 ; A n I l . l . 2 ; 9.59
1.65; 17.13

69
1
15

MIV.128; 111.45; 1.79;


.1.16;
12.21; XIII.107.54
9.28

1
2

IV.76; XIII. 107 .29


1.136

70

321

1.21.17-18;

5.2;


3
l^t
13
16
17 ()

MIV.75; 9.60; XIII. 107.34


53.124
MIV.57
53.124
IV.55; 1.2.24; 2.13; IV.11.18

71
1
2
3
4
5-6
8
9
11
13
14
15
16
17-18
19-21
23
25
26
32
35
36
37
39
40
41
42^13
44
45
46
47
48-52
53
54
55
56
58
59
60

1.135;1.153
MIV.141;M6x XIII. 107.59
2.17
IV.I7; 1.129; III.5.29
IV. 18; 1.123
MIV.19
MIV.34;An I.30.13; 9.3
III.5.15
IV.36; 1.133; 1.5.3; .6.7; 12.14, 37; III.4. 27
M1V.36; 1.133; 1.5.4; 7.1, 6-9; 12.14
IV.36; 1.133; 1.5.5; 12.14; IV.11.22
IV.36; 1.133; .6.7; 12.38
IV.37; 1.135; 1.31.18; .6.10; 12.10; II.7.6
1.37;1.135;.107.18
IV.38; .7.8
IV.43
IV.44, 53; 1.135; 9.48; III.9.6; IV. 11.1
IV.53
IV.56; 1.137; An I.30.19; 12.11-12;; IV.12.26
1.54;1.137
1.53;1.137
IV.65
11.20.12; .6.8; 9.32
MIV.55
IV.70; An I.32.28; 9.51
IV.69
MIV.74; 1.138; 2.17
IV.69
IV.66; 9.4-5
MIV.80;An I.31.22; 18.14*
IV.82; IV. 12.18
MIV.250; 1.214; 17.3
IV.55
1.57;1.138
MIV.57; IV.11.6
9.16
MIV.58;II.193; .6.38*; IV.7.48; XII.186.19;
XIII.148.24
322

-
61
62
64-68
69
70
71
72-74
75
76
77
79
80
81-82
83
84
85
86
90 ()
91 ()
92 ()

An I.31.9-10
11.6.17; 9.23; 11.7.14
IV.60-61; 1. 32.18; .6.31; 9.65
IV.63;
IV.64; 11.7.3-4
IV.64
IV. 138; 1.132; .6.20; 9.68
1.153
1.137;1.153
IV.93
IV. 144
IV. 164
IV. 164; VII1.299-300; 2.43; III.3.8; 227.151-153
IV. 163; 12.41
IV. 176
1.176;1.156
IV. 150
IV 55; 1.154; 6.1*
IV.156; 6.7*; .107.6
= IV.158; = 6.8*; = .107.13

72
7 ()

= 11.70

73
1
2
3-4
5-7
11
12
13-14
15
16
17
18-19
20
21
22
23

.187; 1.225; An II.17.11; .14.6; 11.17; IV.7.2


.187, 208, 278; 1.226, 229; .17.12; .14.6;
IV.7.2
III. 125; 1.227,228; .14.6; 15.10*; 11.27*; 15.21;
14.9; IV.7.2; IV. 1.2
63.1-7
1.234; 63.3
.209-210; 1.231-236; An II.17.17-19; .14.7; IV.7.720; IV. 1.4-6
1.237; IV. 1.7
IV.8
III.232
.215;88.7, 10; 63.14; 2.13.1
.215; 88.7-8; 2.13.1
63.15
III.226-227; 1.240-241
MIII.216
.218; II 10.4; 63.16
323


25
26
27
28 ()
32 ()

III.254; 1.241; 3.71; IV.7.27; IV.4.14.


1.245, 252; 63.19
III.258; I. 245
= .259; = 1.246
1.247

74
1-8
6-7

65-66; II.4; 5; 111.10; IV.2; III.3;


III.13; III.5
III.3.11; III.13.6

75
1
4
7

III.220
MIII.221
1.228

76
1-2

M i l l . 122, 273-274, 276-278, 281; IV. 150; 1.217, 264; An II.16.4-6;


11.16; 15.2-4; XIII.87.18

77
AujrpIV.7.1
1.280;.17.23, 25

78
1-7
8^19
8-35
36-50
36
37
39
40
41
42
43

11.20.16-17
III.276-278; 1.261-270; II. 16.8-22
1.261-270;
.89.2-14;
11.18;
220.33-41;
11.20; II.20.9-15; 33.8-16
11.16.8-22; .87.9-17; II.17.10-22; 220.14-21;
II.19.10-19; 11.20.18-22
.16.8;.87.9
1.262;.87.10
1.262; II. 16.11, 19; XIII.87.10
1.262; II.16.12; XIII.87.11
1.262; II. 16.13
II.16.14
1.262, 266; II.16.17; XIII.87.12
324

45
1.262; An 1I.16.16; XIII.87.10
44
1.262; An II.16.11, 19; XIII.87.10
46
1.263, 267; II.16.10; XIII.87.14
47
1.263;.87.15
49
XIII.87.17
50
1.264
52-53 (-).273-274; 1.261; 11.40*; XIII.88.15, 12; 82.11;
204.5

79
8
10-11
16
17-18
19-21
24 ()

III.226
14.18
III.234
14.19-22; 15.36-38
III.229, 235; II.18.3
III.202; II. 19.3

80
1
2-5
6-8
9
10
11
12
14 (-)

III.267; 1.258;
II.16.23;
15.15;
XIII.88.3;
1.VI.23-26; III.XVI.5-6; 8.153-54; 83.3; 32.9-10
.268; 1.258; 15.15; .88.5; III. XVI.1-2
III.269; 1.258; II.16.27; 15.15; XIII.88.7
.16.26;.88.7
III.270; 1.259; II.16.27; 15.15; XIII.88.8
III.271; 1.258; An I1.16.27; 15.15; XIII.88.9
1.271;1.258;.88.12
III.272; 1.260; II.17.1-3; 15.15;
14.26;
XIII.88.10; 204.7; III.XVI.3

81
2
11
12-13
15
18
19
20
21 ()
22 ()
23 ()
24 ()

III.229
III. 236
111.238
III.242
III.242
.243
III.236
111.237; 11.32*
= 111.244 ; 1.241
= III.245 ; 11.23*-24*
= .246 ; 11.23*
325

82
1-2
3-30
3
4
5
7
8-9
12-13
19
20
21
22
23
26
27
28
29
30

III. 130, 149; 11.21.22


.150-167; 1.222-224; II.I7.21; 11.17-19; 15.16-19;
XIII.90.8-20; III. 15.5-13; .21.23-47; 16.14-17
1.222
11.17
III.159
162
III.
152
III.
15. 16
111.151;
; 11.19; 15.18
.161;1.222:
.156;1.223

III.156
15. 18
.164,
III.
157
III. 153; 15 .18

11.19
159; 15. 19; XIII.90.8
III.
111.157; 1.224
XIII.90.5

83
1-19
2-4
5-8
11
15-16
17-18
18
19

.183-186; 1.219-221; .17.22; .14.2; 3.19;


15.28; .90.25-38; 11.21.23-27
III.185; 1.219-221;
.17.22;
.14.2;
15.28;
.90.26-27
.184;1.219;
.17.22;
.14.2^;
11.17;
.90.35-36
1.221
111.185; 1.219-221;
.17.22;
15.28;
.14.2;
.90.26-27
III. 148; 1.220
MIII.234
11.17

84
2
4 ()

11.24; An I.32.18
.22-23; 1.2; 1.2.9-12; 1.8-15

85
1
3

II.15.40; .20.34; 22.61


III.80.45
326

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
22
25
26
27
28
29
31
32
35
36
37
38
40
44
46
47
48
49
50
51
53
58
66
69 (-)
70 (-)
71 (-)

11.15.15-16; .40.36; 22.28; 188.81-88


.20.32
.20.35; 22.25
22.20
.20.29
XIII.26.12; .20.35; 22.69
XIII.26.12; .20.32; 22.70
XIII.26.12; .20.33; 22.70
.26.12;.37.10
.20.33; 22.66
.20.33; 22.31
1.35.12; .20.34; 22.11
.20.33; 37.1-4
.20.34
.15.85;.37.20
.20.33
.20.34; 22.23, 38
XIII.26.12; .20.33; 22.10
.20.29; 22.8
.20.34; 22.15
.20.32; 22.7
22.63;163.60
22.19
22.35
.20.35; 22.43
.37.44
22.25
.20.35; 22.46, 78
22.31
.20.35; 22.20
.20.35; 22.23
22.36
22.12
22.19
III.207
III.206; 1.227
= 204.3
11.42
=22.6; 207.40; = III.82.85; 85.7; XIII.88.14; .99.13;
=.6.12; .34.13

86
1-20
1

1.147.1-19; .6.15-28
.9.1; 1
327

2
4
5
6-7
8
9
10
12
15 ()
16 ()
18 ()
19 ()
20 ()

III.9.3; III. 11.2; .6.18


.9.6; 207.3-8
207.13-15
.9.6;.6.19-22
.9.6
III.9.5; III. 11.5
.6.25
.9.6; .6.16-17
= 1.147.1.12
= 59.5; .9.6; III. 11.14; = 1.147.1.12;
.3.9.1
59.6; III.9.8; III. 11.16; II.5.47
.21.17
11.21.19

87
1
2-4
5
8 (-)
9 (-)
10 (-)

206.2-6
206.7
206.8
28.20; 204.11
28.21
= 28.22

88
1
2
4 (-)

1.207; 112.30
112.34-35, 45
1.206; 204.14; 112.31

90
3
5
6
10

II.18.19-19.1
.18.19
1.261-267
28.18-19

3
14
15-16
17-18

MIV.229; 1.210; 29.8


1.211
IV.229; 1.210; 29.8
1.209

91

328

92
2
3
4
5
8-9
10
11-12
13-14
21-23
27
28
28-32
31
32 ()

1.232;1.211
IV.230
29.16
IV.231; 1.204-206
1.204-205
1.231; 1.210
IV.231
/.230;1.210
M1V.229, 232; 1.210-211; 29.8-9, 12
MIV.232; 29.12
29.15
1.211
MIV.230; 29.14
/.227;1.201

93
1^1
7 ()
8 ()
9 ()
10 ()
11 ()
12 ()
13 ()

VII.85; 5.20
= IV.192
= IV. 195
= IV.196
= 1.197;28. 18*19*
= IV. 198
= IV. 199
= IV.200

94
1-2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

VI.2; 111.45; II.17.5; 3.26; 6.1


VI.3; 111.45; VIII.6(115.8-11); 6.2
MVI.4; 11.11.15; .27; 9.10; VIII.6(115.8-11);
6.2
VI.5; 111.46; .22.17; II.11.15; 9.12; 3.29;
6.3
VI.8; 111.48; II.21.21; 6.4
.45;.21.19;9.5
MVI.6;
An II.22.1;
11.11.15;
9.1;
3.34;
VIII.7(116.15-17)
VI.6; 111.46; II.11.15; 9.1; 3.34; VIH.7(116.1517); 6 4
VI.6, 22; 111.48; .22.12; .11.15; 9.9
VI. 18; 111.47; 3.35; VIII.8(117.3-11)
329


12
13 ()

VI.15; 111.47; An II.22.24; 3.35; VIII.7(116.15-17)


VI.28; 111.55; 6.4

95
1-4
5-6
7-10
11-12
13-14
15 ()
16 ()

V1.23; III.52; 6.5-6


VI.19; III.50; VIII.8(117.3-11); 6.6
MVI.13, 21;1.49; II.22.2, 17; 11.23.2; II.11.15; 9.4;
3.26; VIII.8(117.3-11)
VI.20; 111.50
VI.17; 111.49; VIII.8(117.3-11)
MXI.235
=1.239

96
1
2
3
4
6
7
8

VI.33, 38; III.56; 11.21.7-8; . 17.1-6; 11.6(125.16126.4); 7.1; .237.3


VI.38, 43; 111.56; An II.21.10; II.11.16; 17.18-28; 3.11.14;
7.2; .246.5
10.7
VI.57; 10.22*; 7.3; .269.10
VI.56; II.11.22; 18.4; 10.8; .269.9
VI.54; 111.60;
11.6(125.19-126.4);
7.4;
.237.7
MVI.53; .60; 7.4

MVI.58

10-11
12
13
14-17
18
19-20

VI.44; 10.13; 7.5; .237.7


3.21
10.9; 3, 18
VI.46; II.11.25; 17.43; 18.2; 7.6
VI.45;M6xXII.237.15
MVI.47; II. 11.23; 10.29; 3.24;
7.7;
XII.269.6, 8
VI.48; III.53; 7.1; = .9.25
VI.72; 7.8, 12-15
VI.61-64; 111.6364; 7.9-11
VI.76; XII.316.42.43; - III.4
111.70; 7.23
III.84
111.85
III.86
III.87
III.88
III.89

23 ()
24
25-42
44-53
51
54-55
57-59
60-64
65-67
68-72
73-76

330

-
11-19
80-83
84
85-87
88
89
91
92
93
94
95
96
97-98 ()

111.90
111.100
III.I0I
III.102
III. 103
= 111.84
111.93-95
II 1.96-99
111.91; 7.25; XII.291.24, 26
.91; 7.24; XII.291.26-27
111.92; 7.26; XII.291.26
111.179; 7.27
XII. 12; III. 178; XIII.1-2

97
2-5
9-14
16-20

7.15,29
7.17-22
7.28-34

98
7-101

XIII.149; 1.15; VI.72

99
9-22

XII.221.19-26

2
-

(ablinga), - (ablinga-sukta). :
(abdaivata) - (abdaivata sukta),
. . (ablingah) (ablingah rcah).
56.16 28.13; 25.7
.7.2; 17.37; III.2.7; IV.2.13;
1.24 VIII. 106; XI. 133 . .9.1-3, :
hi stha mayobhuvas ta na Qrje dadhatana | mahe ranaya caksase || 1
yo vah sivatamo rasas tasya bhajayateha nah | usatTr iva matarah || 2
tasma ararn gamama vo yasya ksayayajinvatha | apo janayatha ca nah || 3,
1.5.1-3; II.1187-1189
( . . )'. histhlya 3.1.4; hi stha 15.20; 1.6.1 sarnbhumayobhQ 9.1;
18.25; 19.1; 41.14; 43.12.
hi stha ( ) 64.18, 65.3,
26.10, 4.8; 5.20.6 ( .
. ). hi sfha mayobhuvah II.8.11 ( , ), 6.5.1.2; 2.8.12; 9.8;
4.6.14; 1.10.2; 21.5; 2.18.9; 1.2.11. | 56.16; 64.18, 65.3]
(agnirvrata) VIII.44.16
( 1.27; 11.882): agnir murdha divah kakut .. 56.27 (= 28.15) ; agnir murdha divah kakut 1.300.
agnir murdha ( . . ). [ 56.27]
(aghamarsana) - (aghamarsana
sukta) , , .190 (
):
' . : Bloomfield M. Vedic Concordance. Baltimore, 1906 (Harvard Oriental Series. Vol. 10).
332

rtarn ca satyam cabhlddhat tapaso'dhy ajayata |


tato ratry ajayata tatah samudro arnavah || 1
samudrad arnavad adhi samvatsaro ajayata |
ahoratrani vidadhad viSvasya misato vasT || 2
suryacandramasau dhata yathapurvam akalpayat
divarn ca prthivlrn cantariksam atho svah |] 3

. ;
-, , - ,

( XI.260,261; III.302; II.8 (127.1); .8.11; 17.37; .4.5; 5.2; 10.10;
IV.7.15; 3.8; 4.2; 22.9; 23.19, 23; 26.8; 28.11; 19.12; 24.10,12;
2.18.9; XII 148.26; 207.13 ).
10.1.13-14 ( 5.57); rtam ca satyam ca 11.13 (130.14-15),
1.4.2, IV.4.2, .338.5.
.. , , , ... , , . ...
, ,
(. IX-X. . .
.. . 1999, . 549). [ 22.10; 46.5; 51.25; 55.4, 7; 56.3;
64.19|
(ajyadoha) 56.27 (= 28.15) . , 1.67;
11.490 (= VI.7.1): murdhanam divo aratim prthivyah.
murdhanam divah (
. . ). | 56.27]
(atTsangah)
, purojitl vo andhasah, 1.545; 11.47 (= IX.101.1). . (Sayana) 6.4.2.12-13 ,
.47^9 (= IX.101.1-3) (Dharmasutras: The Law Codes of Apastamba,
Gautama, Baudhayana, and Vasistha. Annot. Text and Transl. by P. Olivelle. Delhi,
2000 [Sources of Ancient Indian Law], 711). 56.10 28.12,
, . [ 56.10]
(atharvasiras) , , brahma devanam prathamah
sambabhuva ( ), - (1.1.1).
. [ 56.22)
(asvasukta) . [ 56.19|
(barhaspatya)
somam rajanam varunam. . . [ 56.17]
333

(brhat) VI.46.1 ( 1.234; 11.159):


tvam id dhi havamahe .. 56.27 (= 28.15)
2.6.1. 20.98.1
( . . ); tvam id
dhi 11.113. .35 , . [ 56.27]
.
, , . [ 55.10]
(vamadevya) IV.31.1 ( 1.169;
11.32; 20.124.1; 27.39; 36.4; 4.2.11.2): kaya nas citra a bhuvad QtT
sadavidhah sakha | kaya sacisthaya vita || 56.27
(= 28.15) 4.6.7; 7.34 2.6.2.
(samapavitra) An I.2.2. kaya nas citra a bhuvat, kaya nascitrah kaya nah ( . . ). [ 56.27]
(vyahrti) bhurbhuvahsvah (, ,
. , , !). 55.15 (= 11.81) ().
( .7.7; 17.36 .;
.8[127.3-5]), . ( 25.8), satya ( 1.51). . . . [ 55.9,10, 12; 56.12]
(gayatrl) . [ 54.11; 55.5, 9, 15,
16; 64.37]
(go-sukta) PBVIII.14.1 ( 1.122; 11.1184;
20.27.1): yad indraham yatha tvam .. yad indraham ( .
. ). 56.18
28.14 (aSvasukta) 56.19. [ 56.18]
(devakrta) devakrtasyainaso vayajanam asi
.., IV.3.6,
( 8.13; 3.2.5.7), 18.1 ( . . ). 56.4 28.11 . , XI.257 sakala-homlya ,
, (.
XI.201). devakrtasya 25.10, 27.7
. [ 56.4]
(jyestha-saman)
. 334

, , , -
( , ) ( ). , . ,
.209-211. [ 83.4|
(drupada savitri) . , drupadad iva mumucanah,
6.115.3; 20.20; 3.11.10 (157.11); 38.5; 12.9.2.7;
2.4.4.9; 6.6.3; 19.10.5; IV.4.4. (drupada) 11.20 , .,
2.55,135. | 64.21]
(durgasavitri) 56.9,
, (durga) (. 28.11; III.8).
., 1.91.1 tvam soma pra
cikito manlsa, 19.52; 2.6.12.1; 21.14;
2.6.16.1; .; tvam soma pra cikito manTsa 8.15.15; .
( . . ). [ 56.9]
(hiranyavarna) 65.4 86.11
hiranyavarnah sucayah
pavakah. ,
, - ( 1.33.1; 5.6.1.1; 2.8.9.3;
10.6.1.1; 2.4.8; 5.12.6; 1.10.2; 21.5; 2.18.9; II.8.11; .;
. . ). hiranyavarnah sucayah
2.1.1.30; 11.9.1; 11.9.3; 1.2.11; 10.7; hiranyavarnah
16.33.2; 9.1,4; 41.14; 54.5; 121.1; 136.8; 26.10; 2.136.
64.18; 65.4; 86.11 90.9; II.7.2; 17.37, 3.5; 16.5 43.4,
16.5 43.4, 86.11, . . - , 5.6.1.1-2 (The Kathakagrhyasutra with Extracts from Three Commentaries, an Appendix and Indexes.
Ed. for the first time by W. Caland. Lahore, 1925, 62). | 64.18; 65.4; 86.11]
(kusmand!) -, , ,
( kusmandah kusmandah,
kusmandani kusmandani kusmandyah kusmandyas; . 19.12;
2O.'l2;'22.36; 24.9;' 22.9; 23.21; 28.;' 1.19.16; II.2.31; .7.1; 10.10;
IV.3.8; 7.5; VIII. 106; III.304; .). . ,
20.14-16 10.3-5. .
: 1) yad deva devahedanam, 6.114.1;
20.14; 2.4.4.8; 6.6.1; 3.7.12.1; 2.3.1 ; 335

.10.16 27.6; yad devah 10.5.4.17


.; devahedanam 46.30; 60.7; 2) vaisvanarayaprati vedayamah (AB 6.119.2; 2.6.1; 7.1 .7.12). [ 8.16; 56.7;
86.12]
(mahavrata)
somarp rajanam. Somarn rajanam somam rajanam
varunam .., 1.91 1.7.10.3; 14.2;
1.11.4 (164.12) . , ( . . ).
, 56.17 , somam rajanam varunam. 28.13,14. . , , -.
: , , , (bhadra), (rajana) (DharmasQtras: The Law Codes, . 712).
[ 56.24]
. , . [ 55.15)
()
, ambhasya pare bhuvanasya madhye,
- ( 10.1.1) -
( 1; ).
, . [ 56.25]
(pavamam) IX , - (soma-pavamana ), 1.4.8. An I.2.2 , : yad anti yac ca durake,
IX.67.21-27. 56.80 , (pavamanah, pavamanyah pavamanyah; .
19.12; 20.12; 22.9; 28.11; .7.2; 17.37; IV.3.8; 7.5; V.86; XI.258
). . ,
IX. 1.1 ( 1.468; 11.39; 26.25): svadisthaya madisthaya ..
( . . ). [ 56.80|
(padastobha) , 56.11
28.12 .
. , dharta divah pavate krtvyo rasah .., PBIX.76.1
( 1.558; 11.578). . . (Dharmasutras: The Law Codes, . 713),
11.578-580.
336

(padastoma), tha, .
(padastobha). 28.12,
, . | 56.11J
(purusasOkta/pauruasukta) .90.1-16,
,
. 16 , ,
16 . , .: . IX-X, . 235236 491.
19.6, 31.1-16, 3.12.1-6, . ,
, ,
( 19.12; 22.9; 26.7; 28.13;
III. 10.10; XI.252 ), .
IV.7.5 sahasrak$a; sahasrasTra
III.304; 21.1.11 .
-
( 56.26). , ( 64.23, 28, 38; 65.15),
( 55.6) ( 86.12). 64.39 , ,
, . [ 55.6; 56.26;
64.23, 28, 38; 65.15; 86.12|
(purusa-vrate samam) 1- 4- . . ,
- IV.33-34
(Goldschmidt). . . | 56.15)
(rathantara) VII.32.22 ( 1.233;
11.30): abhi tva Sura nonumo .. 56.27
(= 28.15) 2.6.1. AB20.I2I.1; 27.35; 2.4.14.2; 17.8.4; 5.2.3.8, 12
( . . ). [ 56.27|
(rudra) . [ 86.12]
(savitrT),
, .62.10, : tat savitur varenyarn bhargo devasya dhTmahi | dhiyo yo nah pracodayat ||.
(
) . , -
( 55.12-17; 64.39). ( 11.17.14, ) ( ),
; 55.11 11.77 tat.
337

,

( 27.26; 28.38; 54.26). , , ,
( 30.46 = 11.148). , ( 64.37;
65.14). , ,
. 11.812, .
tat savituh 20.24.6; 4.11.9; 1.2.3; 4.4,
8; 5.2; . ( . . ). [ 27.26, 27; 28.38; 30.46;
54.24, 26; 55.11, 12, 17]
(agnirvrata) . [ 56.27)
(ajyadoha) . [ 56.27]
(brhat) . [ 56.27]
(vamadevya) . [ 56.27]
( ) (purusa-vrate samanT) . [ 56.15]
(bharundani) ,
(bharunda) , 21,
: yat te krsnah sakuna atutoda pipllah sarpah ( .16.6)
(ranayana) [ (ranayanlya)].
. , - (aranyagana)
(- ), . , -
, ,
Ekavimsatyanugana, , . .16.6 18.3.55
6.4.2; yat te krsnah 80.5; 83.20. 56.13 28.12,
. [ 56.13]
(vyahrti saman) , bhuh
, : bhuvah, svah, satyam, purusah. , , .
. Uhyagana III.2.10 Satyavrata Samasramrs edition of
the Sama-veda Samhita. . . [ 56.12]
(rathantara) . [ 56.27]
( ) (candrasukta samanl) . [ 56.20)
338

(taratsamandTya) 56.6, ,
( .3.5.8; 4.2.5; XI.254); (taratsamand!)
20.12 IV.2.4; (taratsamah) 28.11
IV.3.8. . , IX.58.1^ ( 1.500; .407-410): tarat sa mandl dhavati
.., 13.6 2.137 (. . ). | 56.6|
(trisuparna)
. 15.28, II.17.22, II.14.2,
1.219, 83.16 ; 56.23, 28.14
. 11.17.22 ,
, catuskaparda yuvatih
supesah (.. X.I 14.3), -",
brahma metu mam ( 10.48). 56.23
II. 14.2. . ,
brahma metu mam .., 10.48.1 ( 17.6).
| 56.23; 83.16)
(candra-saman) . , atraha gor amanvata ..,
III.8.8; 1.84.15; 1.147; 11.265; 20.41.3; 39.12;
1.5.8.1; 9.8.3; 2.6; 4.25. , . | 56.14]
(candrasukta samanT) : 1) eto nvindram stavama .., VIII.24.19; 1.387; 20.65.1; .; eto nvindram
stavama sakhayah 7.8.2; 2) revaffr nah sadhamadah 1.30.13; 1.153; 11.434; 20.122.1,
revatlr nah ( .
. ). (revatyah). 18.12
(raivata). . ,
1.350 1.153,
11.812, .. . [ 56.20]
(satarudriya/satarudnya) namas te rudra
manyave .., 16.1; 4.5.1.1; 17.11;
9.1.1.14 ( . . ).
28.14; 2.8.11; 21.6;
17.11.3; 12.2; . (rudra)
86.12 111.304, (rudrah) 22.9;
111.10.10; IV.3.8; 19.12; 7.20.8; . ,
11 namas te rudra manyave. [ 56.211
339

(siras) jyotT raso'mrtam brahma bhur


bhuvas svar ! ( , , , , , , , !), 10.27.1 ( 15.2).
jyotT raso'mrtam brahma 10.15.1; 28.1
( 13.1; 15.3) ( . .).
55.9; 21.6-8; 25.13;
IV. 1.28; 1.23. | 55.9|
(suddhavatT) 56.5,
, (,
23.39; 26.5; 28.11; 1V.3.8; XI.250).
eto nv indrarn stavama, VIII.95.7
( 1.350; 11.752). 10. , VIII.84.7-9, ,
, . | 56.5|
a me yantu ( []) . , -,
63.4, . - ; .: The Kathakagrhyasutra, . 306. | 73.12|
abhiramantu bhavantah ( !)
73.26 : ... abhiramantu . 63.20. 1.252
4.2.6 abhiramyatam. . ( ) , , ,
. ( 73.26)
abhiratah smah ( )
- (73.26); 1.252 abhiratah sma ha. M.
. [ 73.26]
adityS rudra vasavah ( , , !) . , , . ,
. -: aditya rudra
vasavo me sadasyastesam sakhye svadhaya madadhvam | svadharn vahadhvamamrtasya yonirn yatra svadha pitarastarn bhajadhvam (The Kathakagrhyasutra,
307), ( 63.7). | 73.12]
agnau karavani ( [] !) , , ,
. ,
agnau karisyami ( 4.2.38; II.14.7); agnau karisye
( 4.7.18); agnau karanam (Manlilp 11.9.1).
. (
), . ( 73.12]
340

agnaye kavyavahanaya svadhS namah (, , !)


21.7 , , (pitrmate svadha namah 21.6) (somaya yamayafigirase svadha namah 21.8)
II. 14.7, 18.4.71-73 (
). agnaye
kavyavahanaya 1.3.10.3; 1.8.4; 88.2
( . . ). | 21.7|
ahoratrSih ( ) . ,
, ,
samarndhikaih, . . ,
III. I3.5 (ahoratras ca samarndhijah). ahoratraih
63.13, . - : ahoratraih samamdhikair-ardhamasairmasairrtubhih | parivatsaih samvatsarasya klrptibhirantayan-pitendadhe || (The Kathakagrhyasutra,
. 307). | 73.15|
amba namasi ( !) . ,
40.4 17.5.4. [ 67.7|
ambhasya bhuvanasya madhyecM.
amrta vag ( ) . ,
, amrta vag
63.5, . - ; .: The Kathakagrhyasutra, . 306. [ 73.12)
antariksam darvir aksita ( )
, . antariksam darvir
aksitaparimitanupadasta sa yatha prthvT darvir aksitaparimitanupadastaiva tatasyeyam darvir aksitaparimitanupadastetista, 88.9.
, - . [ 73.18]
apayantvasurah ( )
63.3, . - : apayantv asurah pitrapaha ye rupani pratimucyacaranti |
parapuro nipuro ye bharanty agnistam lokat pranudatyasmat || (The Kathakagrhyasutra, 305). 1.8.7
1.1.2.8, (agnitanasmat
prarjunottu lokat). . , , , , , .15.1. , -
, . [ 73.11)
hi 5(ha . [ 64.18; 65.3|
341

jyotT raso'mptam brahma .


asvinoh pranas tau te ([] ; [] [
]!) , (kathaka).
11.7: asvinoh pranastau te pranarn dattarn tena
jlva mitravarunayoh pranastau te pranam dattarn tena jlva brhaspateh pranassa te
pranam dadatu tena jlva. asvinoh pranah
36.10. . , 65.2,
asvinoh prano'si tau te pranarn dattarn tenajiva 2.3.4 (31.16); 2.3.5
(33.11). asvinoh prano'si tasya te dattad yayoh
prano'si svaha 2.3.10.1; asvinoh prano'si 2.3.11.2
19.24.1. ]65.2]
atra pitaro madayadhvarn yathabagam ( , [ ] ) , . atra pitaro madayadhvarp yathabagam avrsayadhvam ,
2.31; 2.4.2.20; 6.1.36; 2.7.1; 4.3.11;
3.5.18 .
, : atra pitaro yathabagam madayadhvam ( 1.8.5.1; 3.2.5.5;
1.6.9.7; 1.9.9; 8.16.8.) . [73.22|
atraha gor amanvata .
ayam yajnah ( ) . , , 63.10,
. -
; .: The KathakagrhyasOtra, . 307. [ 73.13]
baia-vrttam a-dharmam raja-dvara-krtarp ca yat | suvarna-stainyam
a-vratyam a-y3jyasya ca yajanam | brahmananam parlvSdaip punTdhvam ca
yava mama || ( , [ ] , , , [- ]
, , , , ,
!) 48.22 III.6.5 (III.6.8, 9)
, ( , , .. ). ( 48.22]
brahma devanam padavTh kavinam rsir viprSnSrp. mahi;o mrganam /syeno
grdhrSnam svadhitir vananarn somah pavitram atyeti rebhan || (, , , ,
, , , ) IX.96.6, 48.6
, ( 11.294;
3.4.11.1; 23.12; 10.10.1, 10.50.1 ( 9.1; 17.8); .; .
342

-
. ). brahma devanam 1.11.1
.6.13. [ 48.6]
dadhikravna () . , dadhikravno akarisam [jisnor asvasya vajinah | surabhi no
mukha karat pra na ayufisi tarisat |[]2 (PB IV.39.6; AB 20.137.3; CB 1.358;
23.32; 1.5.11.4; 7.4.19.4; 6.9; 7.4; 13.2.9.9; 5.2.9; 4.14.1;
6.16.6; 3.3.7; .; . .). dadhikravna 2.10.16; IV.5.12;
11.32 . surabhimaff 3.9.7.5;
.7.2; 17.37. [ 65.12]
devakrtasyainaso vayajanam asi .
devas ea pitaras ( ) . ,
, 63.20,
. -
; .; The Kathakagrhyasutra, . 308. | 73.26]
dharta divah pavate krtvyo rasah .
dhur asi dhurva ( , [ ])
, dhur asi dhurva dhurvantam (taittinya) dhupam. M. dhur asi 1.8; 1.1.4.1; 1.1.4 (2.16); 1.2.6(15.11); 1.4; 2.7; 31.3;
1.1.2.10; 3.2.4.3; ., . [ 65.10]
drupadad iva mumucanah .
dyaur darvir akjita ( )
. dyaur darvir aksata. M
dyaur darvir aksata aksitaparimitanupadasta [sa yatha prthvT
darvir aksitaparimitanupadastaiva tatasyeyarn darvir aksitaparimitanupadastetista]3,
88.8. , -
. | 73.19]
eta pitarah ( , !) . ,
eta pitarah somyasah .., 2.3.5
(eta pitarah somyaso gambhirebhih pathibhih purvinebhih | dattasmabhyam dravineha bhadramrayirn ca nah sarvavlrarn niyacchata) eta pitarah
somyasa 4.3.4. [ 73.12]
etad bhavadbhyo bhavatlbhyo'stu cSksayam (
!) .,
. - , () () : etad bhavadbhya ity uktva
2
1

,
. . 2.
343

trpyantu bhavanta ( 65.6) etad bhavatlbhya ity uktva trpyantu bhavatya


(65.7). | 74.81
etad vah pitarah ( , ) . , etad vah pitaro vasah, 2.3.14, 2.32,
2.7.6; etad vah 3.5.30 ( . . ). . 63.10, . : etad vah pitaro bhagadheyarn patresu dattamamrtam svadhavat | akslyamanamupajlvatainarn maya prattarn svadhya madadhvam || (The Kathakagrhyasutra,
307). [ 73.12, 13|
etarp. yuvanaip patirn vo iladSmy anena kridantTs carata priyerta | ma
hilsmahi prajaya ma tanubhir radhama | dvijate soma rajan || (, , . , ,
) 86.16 ;
, 59.5 1.147.1.12. 111.11.14
111.9.6 III.3.9.1. etam vo
yuvanam 9.19.13; etam vo yuvanam prati dadhmo
atra 9.4.24; etam vo yuvanam 24.21. | 86.16]
etat te ( ) . ,
etat te tata ye ca tvam anu .., 1.8.5.1; 3.2.5.5; 9.6; 1.6.9.7; 1.9.1; 8.16.6
; etat te tatasau 2.12.3. | 21.10J
gana-annarn ganika-annam ca sudra-annam sraddha-sutakam | caurasya
annam nava-SrSddhaip punTdhvam ca yava mama || ( ,
[ ] , , , [ ] , []
-!) 48.21 III.6.5 (III.6.10) .
. ganannam ganikannarn ca
19.1, . [ 48.21|
ghrtam yava madhu yava v3 amrtam yavah | sarve punTta me papaip.
yan me kirn-cana dujkrtam || ( ! -, ,
, ! , - !) 48.18 ,
III.6.5 . [ 48.18]
hiranyagarbha () X. 121.1:
hiranyagarbhah sam avartatagre bhutasya jatah patir eka aslt ] sa dadhara prthivTm
344

dyam utemam kasmai devaya havisa vidhema || (AB 4.2.7 ;


13.4; 23.1; 4.1.8.3-4; 2.8.2; 16.15; 40.1; 10.23; .;
. . ). hiranyagarbhah sam avartatagre
20.5; 7.4.1.19; 13.5.2.23; 14.29.1;
hiranyagarbhah - 32.3; 2.2.12.1; 4.16;
8.17; 10.13; 1.13.3; 10.1.3 ( 1.12); .5.18; 1.14.3;
1.10.10 . [ 65.13)
hiranyavarnah .
idamapah pravaha ( , ) idam
apah pra vahata yat kim ca duritam mayi | yad vaham abhidudroha yad va epa
utanrtam || (PB 1.23.22; X.9.8; 1.8.4.40); idam
apah pra vahatavadyarn ca malam ca yat | yac cabhidudrohantarn yac ca sepe
abhTrunam|| (AB 7.89.3; 6.17; 7.21.6; 57.24). 3.5.2;
6.13.11 . idam apah pra
vahata 8.12.6; 57.24; ., idam apah pra
vahata yat kim ca 2.29.4. [ 64.18; 65.6]
iha ratih ( ) ,
4.6.9.8; 21.9.13; 3.11.4; 1.10.1; 3.4.7; 9.4; 14.10;
. 59.3 iha radih.
|86.9|
ma me k$e$(ha ( !) . ,
,
63.17, . - ; .: The Kathakagrhyasutra, . 308. | 73.25J
namo bhagavate vasudevaya (, ) 12- , . [ 49.1, .|
pita vatsanarp ( ) ,
(kathaka), 13.9
(pita vatsanarp patir aghnyanam atho pita mahatarn gargaranarn)
AB 9.4.4, 3.3.9.2 . pita vatsanam
9.5.3 59.6. | 86.13|
prthivT darvir ak?ita ( )
. prthivf darvir aksitaparimitanupadasta sa yatha prthvT darvir aksitaparimitanupadastaiva tatasyeyam darvir
aksitaparimitanupadastetista, 8.10.
prthivT darvirh 73.17 63.14.
-
, 17-19 , . , - , , , 345

, 88.8-10. , . [ 73.17]
punar mam ( ...) ,
punar mam aitv indriyam,
7.67.1, 1.32.1, 14.9.4.5, 6.4.5 ( 3.6.8, 1.17.4, 1.3.1;
3.3.34). punar mam
2.5.35 11.181. [ 28.51]
purojitT vo andhasah .
$ ga anv etu nah ( )
, PBV1.54.5; 4.1.11.2; 4.15;
20.15; .2.4.1.5 ( . . ).
59.2; ,
,
( 3.9.1; 11.5; 3.9.5; 1.18.1). [ 86.9]
pujpavattr () , puspavaffr prasuvaffh, ,
(rcah) puspam, 4.2.6.1 (= 16.13).
.97.3; 8.7.27;
12.77 . [ 65.9|
rathe ak?esu vfjabhasya v3je ( , ,
) . , , .
(ka(hasakha). . ,
-. rathe aksesu
vrsabhasya vaje 36.15 (rathe aksesu vrsabhasya vaje |
vate parjanye varunasya Susme | indrarn ya devT subhaga jajana | sa na agan varcasa
samvidana ||) , .
II.7.7.2 6.38.3.
. ka, gha rathesvaksesu vrsabharaja, . , (Sayana) W.I.I.2 (3-6): "(Proud) of the chariot,
of the poles, the hero". [ 65.7]
revatlr nah sadhamadah .
rudra-suktam .
sam nah apo dhanvanyah ( [] ) , (kathaka), , 2.1, . , , 346

-.
1.6.4. [65.5]

saip no devlr abhistaye ( )


.9.4 ( 1.33), 1.6.1;
36.12; 13.15; 38.13; 1.2.1.1; 2.5.8.5; 4.42.4; 5.4.1;
6.1.5; 1.5.7 ( . . ). sam no devlh - ( 12.1; 23.4; 24.10; 45.8; 49.1), 1.301, 8.8
. sam no devl 1.230, 9.7; 140.5;
. [ 86.11)
samsrjatu tva pjthivl samanT va ( , , ...) .
samsrjatu tva prthivT , 21.14. , , samani
va akutih. Samani va akutih
: samanT va akutih samana hrdayani vah | samanamastu vomano yatha vah
susahasati || ( .191.4). .. ,
... , ( 6.63.4; 5.64.1-3); .: . IX-X,
. 550. 2.4.4.5, 3.5.8.
. , samanT va akutih samani vah; no
21.14. [ 21.14)
sarvSms tan agra ( , !) ,
- , . , , .
sarvarns tan agne, .
. .
sarvams tan agna a vaha, 18.2.34b (sarvarns tan agna
a vaha pitrn havise attave , , !). | 73.12)
snatah pita bhavata apo asmakam udare yavah, ta asmabhyam
anamlva a-yaksma an-agasah santu devlr amrtarji jtavfdha iti || ( , , !
,
) 48.10 .
. , ,
svatrah pita bhavata apah,
4.12 3.2.2.19, svatrah pTtah 7.4.35.
. , 4.12 (svatrah pita bhavata
apo asmakam antar udare susbvah | ta asmabhyam ayaksma anamlva
anagasah svadantu devTr amrta rtavrdhah ||), , (The Institutes of Vishnu. Transl. by
J. Jolly. 1880 [SBE. Vol. 7], XIX). | 48.10)
347

somaip rajanam .
somaip rajanam varunam .
somaya pitrmate svadha namah ( , !)
21.7-8 (agnaye kavyavahanaya svadha namah yamayangirase
svadha namah) II. 14.7 18.4.71-73,
.
2.6.12; 11.29; 1.1.2.17-18; 2.10.7; 2.9.13; .

[21.6]
suproksitam ([ ] ) . suproksitam
11.9.2; 11.9.4, suproksitam astu. , ,
. [ 73.25]
svadis.th.ayS madi^hayd .
sva-sOkara-avalTdam ca ucchita-upahataip. ca yat | mata-pitror asusrusam
tat punldhvam yava mama || ( [ ]
, []
, , !) 48.20
, III.6.5 ( III.6.10), . [ 48.20)
tad vijnoh paramam padam ( ) tad visnoh paramam padam sada pasyanti surayah | divTva caksur atatam,
tad visnoh 1.22.20; II. 1022;
7.26.7; 6.5; 1.3.6.2; 4.2.9.3; 3.3; 26.5; .7.1.18
( . . ). [ 64.20]
tat savitur varenyam bhargo devasya dhimahi | dhiyo yo nah pracodayat ||
. ,
tejo'si sukram ( , ) tejo'si sukram
amrtam ayuspah. , (rcah) dlpam
, . ,
-. 22.1,
13.4.1.7. tejo'si sukram
11.33 , . , 7.28. [ 65.11]
0

trpta bhavantah sampannam ( ) . trpta bhavantah, ,


. 63.18
: trpta bhavantah, . . ,
, . [ 73.25]
348

Qrjaip vahantlh ( , ) .
urjarn vahantlr amrtam ghrtarp payah kilalam parisrutam
.. 2.34, .10.4, 1.10.4
( . ); urjarn
vahantlh 63.16; 4.3.26; 3.5.31; 5.278;
urjarn 4.1.19. [ 73.23]
v3c3 kjtarn karma-lqiarn manasa dur-vicintitam | a-lak$mTm kala-karnlrn
ca nSsayadhvaip yava mama (, , , , )
48.19 , 111.6.5
(III.6.6) ; 4.7. [ 48.19]
vaisvanariSya prati vedaySmah .
vaje vSja ( ) . ,
VII.38.8: vaje vaja'vata vajino nah ..
( 9.18; 21.11;
1.7.8.2; 4.7.12.1; 13.14; 1.5.24; 2.16.14; .),
4.1.11.4; 2.11.3; 12.14; 20.15; 5.1.3.11;
., 1.247 ( . . ). | 73.32]
vTrSn nah pitaro dhatta ( , !)
. , . . 73 - -
, 88.25: vlran
me pratatamaha datta vTran me tatamaha datta vTran me pitaro data. M.
. [ 73.21]
visve devah pnyantSm ( !) .
, visve devasca priyantam 1.245.
. 73 - - . [ 73.27]
vro hi bhagavSn dharmas catu$-padah praklrtitah | vrnomi tarn aham
bhaktya sa me rak$atu sarvatah || (
, , ) 86.15 1.147.1.12. | 86.15]
yad deva devahedanam .
yad indraham yatha tvam .
yad vah kravyad (, []!) . ,
yad vah kravyad angam adahat,
349

2.11.1 yad vah kravyat 73.15. 63.13, . : yad vah kravyadajahadekamangam pitrlokam janayafijatavedah | tadva etena punarapyayatamaristasah pitaro
madayadhvam || (The Kathakagrhyasutra, 308).
2.11.1, . ( 73.15]
yamSyangirase svadha namah (-, !)
(agnaye kavyavahanaya svadha namah somaya pitrmate svadha namah)
21.6-7 II. 14.7 18.4.71-72,
74, . 18.4.74
(yamaya pitrmate svadha namah),
II. 14.7. yamayangirasvate pitrmate svadha
namah 1.8.4, 11.9.1, 2.10.7, 2.9.13,
. yamaya pitrmate 88.4. ( 21.8]
yan me mSta ( ) . ,
yan me mata pralulubhe, 1.9.9 (yan me mata
pramamada yaccacarananuvaratam), 3.13.5 (yan me mata pralulubhe
vicarantyapativrata) 2.10.7.
IX.20. yan me mata 63.5, .
- : yan me mata
pralulobha yaccacarananuvratam | tan me retah pita vrdktamabhuranyo'vapadytam ||
(The KathakagrhyasOtra, 306). . . [ 73.12]
yan me prakamat ( ) ., , ,
athava, . 63.13,
. -
: yan me prakamaduta vapyakamadasmsiddhve brahmane 'brahmane va |
yatskandati nirrtirn patha ugramagnisttsarvarn sundhatu | uSantastena pitaro
madantam tena putena devata madayantam || (The Kathakagrhyasutra, 307).
| 73.15]
yan me ramah ( [] ) . , ,
63.19, . - : yanme ramah sakunih svapadasca yanme'sucirmantrakrtasya prasat | vai^vanarah savita tatpunatu tasminpute devata madayantam tena
putena pitaro madantam || (The Kathakagrhyasutra, 308). -
gha ramah namah. ,
yan me ramah, ,
.
, 7.64.1, 2, 46.47, . | 73.26]
350

ySs tisthanti ( ) .
yas tisthanti ya dhavanti
3.15.5 2.19.2 ( 8.21.3), , ,
. . yas
tisthanti 63.5, . -
: yas tisthanti ya dhavanti ya adrugdhah
parisasrusih | adbhirvisvasya dhartnbhirantaranyanpitrndadhe || (The Kathakagrhyasutra, 306). | 73.12]
yat te krsnah sakuna atutoda pipTlah sarpah .
yavo 'si dhanya-rajo 'si vSruno madhu-samyutah | nirnodah sarva-papanam
pavitram rsibhir smrtam || ( , , ,
, , ) 48.17 , III.6.5
(III.6.4) . [ 48.17]
ye atra pitarah pretah ( , )
, ,
63.15, . -
(The Kathakagrhyasutra, . 308).
| 73.20]
ye dcva manojata monojusah su-daksa daksa-pitaras te nah pantu | te no
'vantu tebhyo namas tebhyah svaha || ( ,
, ,
, !)
48.8 , , ,
III.6.8 (ye deva manojata monoyujah...). . , 4.11, 1.2.3.1, 3.2.2.18, .
ye deva manojata monoyujah
6.1.4.5, 3.6.9 (72.14) (ye deva manujata), . | 48.8]
ye mamakah pitarah ( ) . , , 63.10,
. -
(The Kathakagrhyasutra, . 307). | 73.13]
yunjate mana ( ) yufijate mana
uta yufijate dhiyo vipra viprasya brhato vipascitah | vi hotra dadhe vayunavid eka in
mahl devasya savituh paris{utih || (PBV.81.1; 5.14; 11.4; 37.2; 1.2.13.1;
4.1.1.1-2; KC2.10; 15.11; 14.1.2.8; 4.2.1; 2.4; .;
. . ). yufijate manah
18.19; 25.8; 11.6.10; 15.1.1, yufijate
4.1.6; 1.2.3. | 64.22; 65.2]
351

yuvS suvSsS (, ) yuva suvasah


parivlta agat sa u sreyan bhavati jayamanah | tam dhTrasah kavaya un nayanti
svadhyo manasa devayantah || (PB III.8.4; 15.12; 3.6.1.3; 2.2.9; .;
. . ). yuva suvasah
1.27.2, 5.2.8.10, 2.6.25, 1.22.8,
. |65.8)

(agni) , ;
, , . 89.2 sarva-devanam mukham ,
, .. , . -
(agni-svistakrt) . , ;
(kravyad) ( 73.15); , , ( 67.3).
.
(agnihotra) , , ,
(), ().
(a-dharma) , :
, , , ..
- (ama-sraddha) , () .
(amrta) , . ().
(anvastaka) .
- (anvastaka-Sraddha) ,
.
(angula) , 2,5 .
(artha) , ; , ()
(
),
(a-sura, , -) , .
.
353

, ,
, ,
.
(atman) - .
(, ..).
,
, , - , , , , .
(acamana)
- ( , , ..),
, - . , : ,
..
() (,
), .. , . 29.1 (, 11.140, 145) , , , .
,
. ,
; ,
, .
. .
(acyuta) , , , ,
- /.
(asadha) -,
(asadha).
(asvamedha) ,
. .
(asvina), (a^vayuja) -,
(asvinl).
(astaka) .
- (as{aka-siaddha) ,
.
(ball) , ; -,
.
354

(brahma) , ; .
, . , . :
. . ()
(. . 264, . 1) , .
: , () .
- (brahma-loka) .
(brahman) , .
(brahma-rsi) .
(brahmacarin) ,
,
;
(); .
(brahmacarya) ()
; ,
, ;
; .
(brhaspati) , , ,
.
, ,
.
(bhagavan) , , (). , , , , .
, .
. - (. )
. -
, -
, ( 1.18), (49.1; 90.3;
97.10). , , .
(bhadra), (prausfhapada) -,

(prostha-pada).
(bhuta) , , ,
, , ..
, . , .
355

(vaisakha) -,
(visakha).
(varaha) () .
(vasudeva) - /.
(vasusena) - /.
(vedanga) , ; ,
. : (siksa) , (chandas) , (vyakarana) , (nirukta) , (jyotisa)
(kalpa) .
(vitasti) , 12 .
- (viva-deva) - ,
.
(vratya) ,
, , .
(vrshalT) , , .
(gandharva) -,
, , ;
, . .
(govinda) - /.
(gotra, , ) ,
, .
(guda)
.
(guru) , , , . (. (gravitas)
).
(, II.2.26).
, - ,
, , .. . .
, (ghrta) (
, );
( ),
, , ..
, .
356

(daitya) -, ,
.
(daksina) , - ; .
- (dvapara-yuga)
(), , , , .
. .
(jagannatha) , - /.
(janardana) , , -
/.
(japa, , , )
,
. :
mandra , upamsu manasa .
-.
, , .
(jata) , .
(jyaistha) -, (jyestha).
(dTksa) .
(drona) ; An II.20.1,
;
XI. 133,
III.274, 50.37 (
) VII.126 23.36. 4 adhaka.
23.37 , 4 adhaka = 1024 musti (),
. MW, adhaka 3 11 , . 3,5 , 14 . . .
(dhanvantari) -.
(indragni) , ,
.
, .

, .
(itihasa, , ) , , , , .
357

(yoga, , ) : 1) () ; 2)
; 3)
.
(yogin) , ; , .
- (kali-yuga) .
. .
(kalpa) , ; .

, .
14 , . ,
.
(karttika) -,
(krttika).
(kasyapa) -, .
, . , , , , , , , .
(kesava) , , .
(krsara) , , .
- (krta-yuga), - (satya-yuga) ,
, . . .
(krcchra) , . 12- ,
( 46.10) .
- (krcchra-atikrcchra) ,
21 .
(krsnala) Abrus precatorius
Linn. (. rosary pea, crab's eye, coral bean, Indian liquorice .; . guficT, ratti; . guflja). , , ,
- , , , . 1-2 (1 = 0,0648 ), ,
,
. ( II.3.2.1;
2.2.2) ( 1.3.6.7).
raktika gufija. ( XI.4 ).
358

(kula) , , .
(kumbha) , , ;
, , , , , .. VIII.320 (= 19.33) 5.12 , 90.3 .

(., , . VIII.320). 5.12 20,
, , .
. MW , 20 (.. ) ,
3 3 , .. 121 . 90.3 ,
25 .
(laksmT) () , ; , .
(magha) -, (magha).
(madhusudana) -
/.
(manvantara) ; 14
, , .
(mantra) , , , , .
(margaiirsa), (agrahayana/agrahayana), ,
, -.
(mrgasiras).
(masa, , ) , 5 0,3240,648 . . - (. 4).
(mleccha) ,
, - ;
, (, ); , .
(ksTra-uda) ;
, .
(muni) , .
(naksatra) , , , ; 27 ; , , .
12 , 27 28.
(naiayana) - /.
(niksepa) , ;
(, ),
.-. ; , .
.
359

( ) .
, .
(padma-nabha, , , ) .
(padma-sarnbhava, , ) .
(pancagavya) : , ,
, ,
(paraka) , 12-
.
(parapurva, , , )
,
.
(parvan, , ) . ; , , ( () , , , ).
, .
( 82.18), ( 54.8), ( 68.8) ( 71.86).
1.21.22 : , , ,
[] . : ...,
( 1.21.19).
(pausa) -. (pusya).
(pinda) , .
(pisaca) , , .
(pravara), / (arseya/arsa), -, . , .
(pravargya)
, .
(pradaksina) ,
, ( ). , .. , .
(prajapati, , ,
..) , -. 360

, - (, ); , , ,
.
(prajapatya) 12- , , ,
, , .
(pranava) . . .
(pranayama, , ) , . ( )
-.
(prausfhapada) . .
(prayascitta)
.
(preta) .
(prsni-garbha) - /.
: (
, )
/ ( , ,
).
(punarbhu) , . , ,
, , . , (., , IV. 1.16; 17.74). ,
, ,
. - , (aksata).
(purusottama, , [])
; - .
(putrika) , ,
, .
(pOsan, pus ) , , , .
, .
; .
(phalguna) -,
(phalgunT).
(raksas) , , ; .
361

(rasatala) ,
.
(rsi) ,
; . .
: , , .
(rudra) ,
, ; .
, .
(saman) , , , .
(sarntapana) , , , , , , , ,
.
(sarndhya) , .. . (-).
(samskara)
, , . , , ,
.
(samnyasa) ()
; 96. ,
, II. 17.1.
(samnyasin) ;
(), .
(-) (sapindT-karana)
.
(sa-pinda) ,
() . , , -. 22.5,
,
( ).
(sarasvatT) ,
; ( ) (
). (vac).
362

(satya) .
- (satya-yuga) . -.
! (svadha) , . III.252 : ... !" .
(,
) (., , XIV.2.3).
.
(svadhyaya, , , ) .
- (svarga-loka) .
! (svaha) su-aha !,
, .
(snataka) , (snana), ;
.
(soma) ,
, . ,
, .
(soma) , ;
, .
(sruva) ;
.
(suvarna), , 16
5,184-10,368 .
(sura) , ;
.
, (., ,
1.27.185). 22.82 (=1.95) , :
, ;
, , ,
.
(tapasvin) , ().
(taptakrcchra) 12- ,
, , ,
, , .
(tarpana) .
(fiftha, , , ) . , ,
.
363

- (treta-yuga) , , , , . . .
(trivarga) : , .
(tula) , 1 = 100 .
(udgatar) , .
(upadhyaya) , ;
29.2 ,
.
(upakarma) .
(upanayana) , ;
(), . (
), ,
.
(upanisad, , ) -
, .
(utsarga) .
(hari) - /.
(hasta) (), 0,5 .
(homa) ,
.
(hrsfkesa) - /.
(caitra) - ;
(citra).
(candala) ,
(MX. 12) , - ,
; ;
.
(candrayana) ,
: , ; .
- (catur-yuga) . .
(chandas) .
(sakra) .
.
364

(sarnga, , ) /, , : , .
(sastra, , , ) ,
, .
- (sveta-dvTpa) -, /. , , .. .
(sesa) , , , .
(sltakrcchra) 12- , , , ,
, , .
(smasana) .
(sravana) -, .
(sraddha) , , .
. ,
, , , .
(srotriya) , .
- (ekoddista-sraddha) ,
( ).
,
.
(yuga) ,
: -, , - -, -
( ), - ( ). - , , .
, , , . :
; ,
(. 86.15), : , , , , ; 4:3:2:1,
. 1000 -
, ( 20.12, 13).
365

(yavaka) , .
(yajfla) , .
.
(yaksa) ,
.
(yama) , , . , () ; : -, , ; ( ), ( ).
- (yama-angiras) , .

(agaru) MW Agallochum, Amyris


agallocha. Agaru aguru. Arypy
(Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.) ,
; (, ) . 79.11
, , .
(alabu) , (Lagenaria vulgaris Ser.).
: .
, , . .
,
.
; , , ..
8.10.29, 30; 20.132.1.
, ( 96.7;
VI.54; III.60). ,
, 2.8 (127.1-3) ( )
1.14.9 ( ). 79.17
, .
(amalaka) (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.; Phyllanthus emblica Linn.). , ( 200 ); , . . ,
. 99.12 , . .
367

.
(amlika/amlika) .
(apamarga) {Achyranthes aspera Linn.)
1 , , , ( 900 ). , (.: MacdonellA.A.
and Keith . . Vedic Index of Names and Subjects. Vol. 1-. L., 1912. Repr. Delhi,
1995, vol. I, c. 25). 61.14 ,
, 1.302
,
.
(arjuna) .
(arimeda) , {Acacia leucophloea Roxb., Willd.;
Mimosa leucophloea Roxb.). ( 35 ) ,
, , ; , .
, , , (white-bark
acacia). ,
, .
, . 61.14 ,
, .
(arka) / (Calotropis gigantea Linn.).
,
. - , , , . . , , , , .
.
6.72.1.
( arka ),
. 1.302 , ; 61.14 , .
85.3,
. .
(asana)
.
Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.,
. (15-30 ) ,
, . . asana
368

{Terminalia tomentosa Wight & Am).


(20-30 ) ,
, . 61.14 ,
;
.
(aSvattha), (pippala) , (Ficus religiosa Linn.).
, ,
(.. ); -, , , , 11-17 7-12 . ,
.
-, - (II.3.1) . ,
; ,
, .

() , () ,
. . 61.4 , .
(badara), Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.; Ziziphns jujube
Linn.
(1-2,5 ), . .
( 22.83). 61.14 , .
An I.2.38 - ( ). .
.
(balbaja) (Eleusine indica Linn.).
( VIII.55.3; 14.2.22, 23), .. , , ()
(.10). An I.21.1 ( ),
11.43 27.18 ( ), .
(bandhujTva, , ),
(Pentapetes phoenicea Linn.). 60-150 , , ,
. 1.22
. .
369

(bandhuka) . . 61.3 . .
.
.
(bilva), , (snphala)
(Aegle marmelos Linn., Corr.), . , ,
(sivadruma, , ). , , ;
. , -, . , - . (5-15 ), - ,
, , . , . , . 23.21
. 61.14 , .
- .
(brahmasuvarcala) {Helianthus) Clerodendrum Siphonanthus R.Br., Clerodendrum indicum Linn., Kuntze. .
.
(bhustrna) , (Cymbopogon
flexuosus Nees ex Stend., Wats.; Cymbopogon citratus DC, Stapf; Andropogon
citratus DC). , ,
: -, - . ,
, ,
. 79.17
.
(vartaka) , , . 79.17 ,
.
(vata), (nyagrodha) , (Ficus benghalensis
Linn.). ( , ) , ; ,
,
500 . ksTra-vyksa
( , , ,
), .
370

(, )
, . , (.
, ),
. : , , ,
, .
(vibhitaka), (kalidruma) (Terminalia bellerica Gaertn., Roxb.).
( 11.25.12; .34.1). 61.2
.
.
(gaura-sarsapa) .
. ,
(sarsapa)
: (Brassica nigra, Sinapis ramosa),
(Brassica juncea), (Brassica alba, Sinapis alba,
Sinapis glauca) . , . (
25%), ,
. ,
.
.
( ).
- : 1) (gaura-sarsapa, Sinapis glauca Roxb.); 2)
(siddharthaka); 3) (raja-sarsapa, Sinapis ramosa
Roxb.). , ,
,
( 19.18; 90.3); .
(ginjana)
(. ). 51.3, V.5 14.33
, .
V.5 . grnjana onion (), 14.33 turnips
(, ).
(guggulu) (Commiphora
mukul Hook ex Stocks, Engl.; Balsamodendron mukul Hook ex Stocks; . Indian
bdellium tree). , , . , (guggulu), .
61.4 ,
, , . 79.10 ,
.
371

(darbha) (Desmostachya
bipinnata Linn., Stapf; Eragrostis cynosuroides Retz., P. Beauv .)
,
50
1 .
.
, . . ,
, ,
, . 6.43 , , (manyuSamana); ,
48.5. 73.25, ,
.
, , 21.2: lohitadarbha.. (lohita). .: GondaJ. The Ritual Functions and Significance of Grasses in the
Religion of the Veda. N. Y., 1985, 52-107.
(jatTphala) , . 66.2 .
{Myristica fragrans Houtt.).
(durva) (Cynodon
dactylon Linn., Pers.). ;
,
.
(dhava) Grislea Tomentosa Roxb. Anogeissus latifolia
Roxb. ex DC, Wall, ex Guill & Perr. 61.2 . 5.5.5; 20.137.11,
;
.
.
(saka) , 80.1
.
(inguda) ()
(Terminalia Catappa Linn.). 61.4
.
(kavaka) , .
(kakubha), Terminalia arjuna
Roxb. ex DC, Wight & Am. . 61.14 ,
.
372

(kala-saka), / (tulasI/tulsT) ,
(Ocium sanctum Linn.; Ocium tenuiflorum Linn.). ; . . ,
, ( )
III.272
80.14. ,
.
.
() Cinnamomum camphora
Linn., Presl. , .
(kapittha) (Limonia acidissima Linn.; Feronia
elephantum Corn; . elephant apple, wood apple). ,
-, , ,
.
. .
(karaflja) (Pongamia pinnata Linn., Pierre;
Pongamia glabra Vent.; Derris indica Bennet.). 61.14 , . . ,
. An I.17.26
karanja (kalanja) , , . .
(kasa) Saccharum spontaneum Linn.; , , ..;
.
(kovidara) (Bauhinia variegate Linn.). yugapattraka.
, , -
(-); , . , . , .
(
, )
(. ). 61.4
, 68.31 ,
3.5 (136.9-11)
.
.
(narikela) .
373

.
(tila), , Sesamum indicum Linn. / ( 60%).
( 1200 ), , 2.8.3; 6.140.2; 18.3.69; 4.32,
, , . ,

. .
, ..
(kusumbha) , (Carthamus
tinctorius Linn.). ,
. 45-60 , , . 79.17 .
(kusa) cyposuroides Retz.
. ,
( .: GondaJ. The Ritual Functions, . 29-107).
, . ,
(), , ( 73.2, 17; 79.2; 86.9). 79.2
. /
,
, ,
. ( ) ( 46.19, 23).
(kusmanda) {Benincasa hispida Thunb., Gogn.).
( 7-10 , ); , . ,
, 20 . , .

, . 1.27.102 , . 79.17
.
(khadira) (Acacia catechu Linn, f., Willd.; Mimosa
catechu Linn. f.). (9-12 ) -
, .
374

, (
. . 215, . 10, . 1), ,
, , ( 27.21), ( 61.14). ( kath
cutch) .
(kharjura) (Phoenix sylvestris Linn., Roxb.). , .
, ,
. -,
, , . . ,
, . Kharjura
(Phoenix dactylifera Linn.),
.
(padma) .
(shaluka) ( 51.37),
(padma-aksa) ( 23.24; 46.17) (bisa) ( 46.15).
99.2 (kokanada) : nila-abja ( 99.3), nlla-pankaja ( 1.22) nTla-utpala ( 1.27).
(palandu) ( cera Linn.);
. .
.
(madhuka) (Madhuka logifolia
Koenig, Macbride; Bassia logifolia J. Koenig; Bassia latifolia Roxb.)
- .
, .
( ), .
(malatT) (Jasminum grandiflorum Linn.).
, .
, . , .
61.14 , .
(masura) (Ervum hirsutum Linn.; Lens culinaris Medikus).
;
( Prakash. Food and Drinks in Ancient India
(from earliest times to 1200 A.D.). Delhi, 1961, 2, 11, 12, 61).
XVIII.12, III.8.14.6, VI.3.13. 79.18
.
,
11.15.31 ( ) 24.14 (
).
375

(masa) -, , , (Vigna mungo Linn.;


Hepper, Phaseolus mungo Linn.). 6.140.2; 12.2.53; ,
. ( II. 16.23; 15.15) ( 111.267; 1.257), 80.1 -
.
(mesas'ifigT) (Odina Pinnata Linn.; Gymnema
sylvestre Retz., R.Br.).
(mocaka) . 61.5 .
. . .
(mudga) -, , {Vigna
radiata Linn., Wilczek; Phaseolus radiata Linn., non Roxb. & auct.). - , , , (., , I.VI.21-23; VIII. 153-154),
, . 80.1, 32.10
- . IX.39
, , .
(mukundaka) . 79.17 .
(munja) (Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.; Erianthus
anindinaceus Retz., Jesw. ex Heyne; Saccharum ciliare Anderss.; Saccharum munja
Roxb). ( 3 ); , . ,
, , - ( 1,5 ), ,
, , ( 60 ). ( , ,
..), . , , ( 1.161.8) ( .: GondaJ. The Ritual Functions,
. 122-132). , -
( 27.18; 28.37; 11.42; An I.2.33; 1.15;
1.3.13; 11.59), - (An I.2.35). - maunjT(Bn 27.18; 28.37, 40; 1.39).
.
(arista, aristaka) Sapindus emarginaius Vahl.; Sapindus
laurifolia Vahl.; Sapindus Detergens Roxb.
()
( 23.20; MV.120; 1.186; 1.8.39),
. 61.2
, , 376

( 38%) , ;
.
, .
(nlvara) (Hygroryza aristata Retz., Nees ex Wight &
Arn.; Pharus aristatus Retz.). ( 30-45 )
. ,
, .
, (III.3.48). XVI.19.13-14,
I.VI.21-23, VIII.153-54 ,
. 80.1
. .
(nikunja)
(Acacia caesia), .
85.59 ,
.
(nimba) (7-20 )
(Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) ; ; ( 19.8).
61.14 ,
.
(nirgundT) ( 3 ) Vitex negnndo Linn. .
, , . 61.3
,
. (surasa), 79.17 .
. . .
.
(padmaka) (Prunus cerasoides
D. Don; Prunus puddum Wall., Roxb., ex Brandis.; . Himalayan wild cherry,
bird cherry). ( 900-2300 ). ,
, -
.
(palakya) . 79.17
.
(palasa) (Butea monosperma Lam.,
Taub.; Butea frondosa Koenig ex Roxb.; . )
; - . ,
( 20 ) .
.
. ; 377

, ,
( ), . 27.21 ( ) .
, , .. (An I.32.9;
II.6.4; 9.44; 12.34). 61.1
( 70.6) .
(paribhadraka) (Erythrina
variegata Linn.; Erythrina indica Linn.). 61.5
, , , , .
.
(pllu) (Salvadora persica Linn.; .
salt bush, toothbrush tree). ,
, . 61.4
.
, ,
, , .
(pindaluka) : 1.27.123, , II.24.22
, () (, ). 79.17,
, . ,
MW .
, ,
. (Ipomaea batatas Linn., Lam.)
, ,
. , , ,
30 0,5 , ,
, ,
. .
.
(pippall) (Piper longum Linn.),
.
- (priyangu) (Panicum italicum
Linn.), . . . .
, VI.3.13 , I.VI.20-22 , . 17.3
14.12 , . 80.1 - .
378

npoco- .
(phalgu) (Ficus oppositifolia Roxb., Willd.;
Ficus hispida Linn.) . . 79.22, 24 , . .
(godhuma)
, ,
. (, .. ) - ().
, , , ,
.
, , VI.3.13 . , ,
. .
, V.25 1.169, , ( 51.35). . , 80.1,
.
(rajamasa) , , (Vigna sinensis Linn.,
Hassk.; Vigna catjang Walp.; Vigna unguiculata Linn., Walp.). , . (Vigna catjang
Walp.) , . - (V.1.20; II .
..), - { Prakash. Food and Drinks,
. 276). 79.18 - .
.
(raja-sarsapa) .
(vrlhi) , , . , , vrlhi,
, ( 80.1 nlvara).
vrihi , , sali, , sastika,
(60 ), vrlhi
. ,
.
anna,
,
, 1:5 .
, .
.
379

( ) (candana) (Santalum album Linn.) 10 ,


, , . ,
, (,
, ). -
( ) , ,
.
. , (srikhanda) , , .
, , ,
, , ( ..).
(sarja) {Valeria indica Linn.).
(20-30 ), ,
,
( 1200 ). ,
, . 61.14
,
, 79.17
.
.
(iksu) Saccharum officinarum Linn.
, , (
-) . ( 22.82)
( 22.83).
(svadhiti) , ,
.
.
(siddharthaka) .
(suvarcala) (Ruta graveolens Linn.).
75
. . 1.27.90 ,
. 79.17
.
(surasa, , , ) . ,
. 79.17 . . .
, ( , tamr hindT ) (Tamarindus indica Linn.). (
380

40 ) . ,
. - (15-20 ), - , . ,
, . , . -
(amlika/amlika) , (61.5).

.
(tandulTyaka) {Amaranthus spinosus Linn.).
( 30-60 )
, , -, -, . , .
, . 79.17
.
(tanka) , .
(tanka). . .
(tilva), (tilvaka) Symplocos racemosa Roxb. III.8.1.16, , . III. 1.9
() tailvaka, .. (MacdonellA.A. and Keith .. Vedic Index, . 312). 61.3
, . .
(tinduka) {Diospyros embtyopteris Pers.; Diospyros
malabarica Desr., Kostel.). He ( 15 ),
. , . 61.3
, . .
/ (tulasl/tulsl) .
.
.
(udumbara) () (Ficus rasemosa
Linn.; Ficus glomerata Roxb.); .
, . , - (V.24),
( sadaphala ), (VII. 15) , (381

). , , ,
. . , ,
: , ( 79.24), .. (.
VI.3.13), .
( 27.21), ( 46.23).
(upodakT) (Basella alba Stewart; Basella
rubra Linn.; Basella cordifolia Lam.). 79.17 .
.
(lasuna) .
, 51.3, .
- (grnjana) .
.
(chatraka) .
(ksudrapanasa) Artocarpus communis Forst; Artocarpus
incisus Linn. ,
. .
(jalmall) {Bombax ceiba Linn, Salmalia malabarica DC, Schott & Endlicher).
, ( 1500 ), .
( 40 )
, .
( ,
) . (semul-gum
mocharas), . 61.5 .
(SamI) ; Prosopis spicigera Linn, Mimosa suma Roxb.

, . ( .8).
, , sam . 61.3 .
(sana) (Cannabis saliva Linn.; Crotolaria juncea Linn).
( ,
..).
, 1,5 , .
382

.
, ,
. ( 1.6.1.24; 2.15; III.2.1.11; 2.4.5 ,
). Cannabis saliva Linn, ,
.
, , . (bhanga), , ( IX.61.31, . 11.66.15), ,
. 61.5
, 68.31
. 11.44 ,
, 11.60 , An I.2.40
-.
(sankhapuspT) Canscora decussate Rox., Schult. 60 , ( 1500 ), ,
. . XI. 148, 27.II,
11.1.22 . . , Andropogon aciculatus, ,
II. 1.22 ,
.
(kunkuma) Crocus sativus Linn., , .

,
.
(sigru), (mocaka) (Moringa
oleifera Lam.; Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn.). ,
, ,
- (45 ); , . ,
. 61.3
. 79.17
. MV1.14 3.5 (136.9-11)
. 1.171 . . . .
(slesmataka), : (slesmala), (slesmata), (selu) (Cordia dichotoma Forst. f.; Cordia obliqua Willd.;
Cordia latifolia Roxb.; . sebesten plum). , ( ) . ,
. 61.2
383

. XIV.4.2
, . .5 (136.9-11) ;
14.33, (Slesmantaka). .
.
(Srftga) Pistacia chinensis Bunge ssp.; Pistacia integerrima Stewart ex Brandis. ,
, , . ,
,
. 13.3 .
(srlvyksa) , .
(sriphala) .
(shyamaka) (Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem. et
Schult.; Panicum miliare Lam.; Panicum frumentaceum Roxb. .), . .
. .
. 19.50.4 , III. 14.3 ,
. I.VI.25-26 ,
(. III.8.22-23).
III.2.18 , . (
2100 ). 80.1 .
.
(yava) .
yava ,
.
, ( 80.1).

--

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

-


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-.
-
-
-

--
-
(St. Petersburg
Dictionary)
-
-

-
-


-
-
-
-

385


-

-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
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56.16; . 332, 341


.
, 28.52; . 229
229
43.9
79.11; . 367
- 85.33; . 271
. 36; 11.11; 21.7; 67.3; 73.12;
89.1, 2; 92.13; . 207, 221, 255, 278,
341,347,353
. 36; 67.3; . 353
.
- 251
59.2; 67.44; 68.6; . 353
45, 276, 277
73.8; . 255
59.6
.
. 37; 22.10, 63; 46.5;
51.25; 55.4, 7; 56.3; 64.19; . 243,

332-333
.
.
73.12;. 215, 256
, 39
, 27.10
, 67.10
1.54; 32.1; . 353
17.18; . 217
22.83; . 222
16.4,8; . 212
207
- 381

. 21,59
67.20; 98.2; . 283, 287
, 4.8,9
21.4; 73.27; . 220, 257
265, 266, 270
.
265, 270, 371
99.12; . 367
, 85.6; . 266
, 267
() 79.17;
. 368,381
- .
67.7; . 251,341
.
1.34, 54; 48.10, 18; . 344,
347,353,356,361,363
23.21; . 223
76.1; . 353
- .
254
-, 59, 212
5.25; 11.2; 21.4; 61.16; . 258,
353
73.27
43.3; 93.10
. 36; 67.2; . 251
27.11
251
27.20
80.7
80.3
227, 259, 260, 276

* , - (),
, /. ,
/.

399

56.22; . 333
64.22; 65.2; . 275
. 63; 85.56; . 273-274
73.12; . 256
31.8; . 231
217, 221
286
. 36; 67.3
254
.
, 54.25;
16, 25, 230, 231, 236, 333, 337
. 243
61.14; . 368
.
39, 49, 59, 277
273
16
21.1, 15, 16; 22.75; 23.54, 55;
- 39
-,
62.5; 64.27; 65.1, 5; 73.2, 25; . 220,
224, 248, 253, 354
, , 16, 24, 31, 34, 38, 42, 43, 48, 51, .
.
56,71,226,228,245,246,376
, . 36; 67.2
- 206
.
.
.
.
16
249
.
- 39, 226
. 32; 16.3; 27.27; . 209, 217, 8.36; 35.6; 36.8; 51.76;
55.7; 85.71; . 354
260, 263, 264, 270, 276
56.19; . 333; .
61.14; . 368
61.14; . 368

5.193; 29.8; 71.84; . 353


11.3; . 369, 371, 378
() 26,31,32, 209
61.4; 68.31; . 369, 378
, 24.18, 21, 31, 35
.
. 61; 84.4; . 263-264, 273, .
() .
276
65.2; 90.24; . 249, 342
.
, . 17, 28, 33, 34;
61.14; . 368-369
43.21
1.47^8, 62-63; 3.3; 33.2; 59.26 3.75; 82.7
28; 96.1; . 207, 208, 355, 362
, . 41; 24.18, 24
222
1.16, 60; 73.11; . 207, 255, 341, 76.1; . 354
353-354
- .
206
284
- 284
.
.
.
85.41;. 272
67.34; . 252
61.14;. 369, 384
.
222, 369, 384
20.51; 30.43; 96.96; 97.7; . 206, () 79.17; . 369,
354
370
36.1; 50.9; . 207, 231, 239, 254, 47
263
27.18; . 226, 369
1.50; 98.2; . 287
48.3; 59.23-24; 67.4, 7-9, 12,
5.192; 30.37; . 236,
20-22; 99.21; . 251, 253, 354, 355
347, 350, 354, 381
60
400

1.22; . 369
61.3; . 369
46.23; 61.14; 68.31; . 265,
266,270,370,371
370-371, 377
223, 370-371, 377
56.17; . 333, 348; .

() 370
- 40
-, ,
16, 34, 37,
38, 42, 43, 48, 51, 71, 216, 223, 235238, 342
.
60
, 273
. 71
, 273
267
, 23.21; 46.16; 61.14;
99.12; . 234,379, 384
370
63.28; . 384
234, 370, 384
85.12;. 267
- 80.1; . 370, 376
1.3; 15.44; 20.15-16, 23;
47.10; 48.6; 49.8; 67.19; 98.29, 37, 38;
. 206, 265, 333, 342, 355
- 55.18; . 355
1.1; . 360
() 51.61;
. 355
, . 41; 24.18, 19,
29, 33; . 225
- 30.31; . 206, 355
60.1
55.15-16; . 239, 340, 353,
355, 358
. 17, 32, 56-60; 2.1, 5, 11,
17; 3.26, 45, 56, 58-61, 63, 72, 73, 76,
79, 81, 84, 96; 5.1-4, 8, 94, 98, 190,
195; 8.2, 20, 40; 9.14, 15, 17, 23, 27,
33; 10.9; 15.3; 16.6, 18; 17.13, 14, 19;
18.1-2,6,8, 10, 12, 14, 16-17, 19,22,
25, 28, 38-39; 19.5, 19-23; 21.1, 3-4,
12-13, 16, 23; 22.1, 8, 11, 13, 22, 84,

91; 23.47^18; 24.1; 27.6, 15, 26, 47;


29.9, 10; 30.23, 44; 32.17, 18; 35.1;
36.1, 3, 7; 38.1; 42.2; 45.3, 5, 15; 49.2;
50.6, 31, 33, 47; 51.50, 53, 59; 54.2, 7,
15, 27, 28, 30; 55.12, 14, 21; 57.7;
59.29; 60.23; 62.9; 63.28, 39; 67.25,
31, 34-36, 41; 68.4, 32; 71.60, 83;
73.1-3, 10, 12-15, 23, 25-27, 32; 74.1;
81.11, 19, 20, 22; 82.1, 30; 83.21;
86.18; 87.6, 8, 10; 88.2; 90.1, 3, 7, 10;
12-17, 19, 24-27; 93.2, 12; 98.30, 36;
99.11; . 209, 212, 215, 217, 220, 224,
226-228, 232, 238, 241, 246, 252, 254256, 260, 261, 264, 276-278, 280, 340,
342, 348, 357, 365, 370, 378, 379, 383
, 70, 364, 369, 377-379,
384
- 28, 45
- 28
271
. 61; 20.26; . 219, 355
46.23; 51.32, 46;
. 370
-, 62.2, 6;
. 245
.
28.47; . 229,355
- 48, 49, 70
, 90.3; 355
49
, . 36; 49.9; . 239
-, 44.
50, 57, 65
.
- 223,
247
22.92; 96.96; 97.7; . 286
96.98
- 21, 23, 33, 46
.
- 60, 206, 211, 232
36, 251
, 270
.
, 273
.
67.8; . 251
207

401

, 85.7; . 266
63, 219
- 267
63.28; . 247
80.14; . 260
. 28, 30-32; 1.47^18, 61, 63;
2.1, 15; 3.3, 46, 66, 80; 5.19, 24, 3537, 40-41, 104, 152; 6.2-3; 8.15, 38;
16.1-3; 18.7, 36; 22.10, 19-22, 66, 7374; 24.1, 5-6; 26.1-3; 27.25, 27; 28.45;
32.2, 5; 36.7; 58.6-9; 62.7; 67.31;
. 207, 208, 210, 212, 217, 221, 225227, 251, 253, 254, 263, 264, 275, 276,
264
.
. 36; 48.17; 67.3, 11, 17; 91.2;
. 207, 236,274, 351,356, 365
.
78.29
, 16.6, 12; . 212
.. 62, 269, 272, 274
51, 67
207, 254
.
-, ,
34
16, 24, 34, 37,
- 40
42,43, 45,48, 51, 216, 231, 276, 337
- 16, 31
. 36; 67.3
- 59, 60
.
.
.
, . 36, 40; , 85.5, 70; . 265, 266
.
67.1-46; 68.7
207, 366
.
, 251
67.14
. 31; 2.1, 7, 13; 3.5, 60; 5.102; 1.4, 53; 28.35; 30.3, 38; 83.6;
8.22; 9.12; 16.4-6; 18.4, 8, 11, 14, 15,
. 205, 207, 230, 356
19, 21, 25, 26, 28-30; 22.3, 12-15, 22- . 24, 29, 37, 70; 1.3, 16, 53, 58;
24, 84; 24.3, 7; 27.8, 17, 26; 32.18;
2.9; 3.70; 5.31; 7.8; 22.90; 28.34, 36,
36.1; 37.13; 50.7, 13; 51.51, 55, 56;
42; 29.1-2; 30.32, 42^4, 46; 31.7;
54.4; 55.14; 62.9; 67.37; . 209, 226,
35.5; 37.4; 51.65-66, 67; 54.13, 15, 29;
227, 246, 364, 369, 382, 383
55.10-12; 56.1; 59.19, 20; 68.39; 71.4;
- 28, 45, 63, 267
73.28; 82.20-21; 83.5, 15; 93.3-4, 7,
223
12; 99.11, 15; . 205, 207, 227, 230.
236
232, 233, 244, 253, 254, 262, 281, 337,
.
354-357, 360, 364, 365
- 63
, 273
, . 34; , 85.48; . 273
17.15; 95.1
, 61.2; . 371.
. 50, 62; 268; 85.32; . 271
373
51, 69, 268, 273
.. 20, 53, 65, 72, 213, 214,
( ) .
225
273
.
47, 244
, 251
34
273
28.17; . 228
254, 267, 287
, 85.16; . 267-268
- 206
- 206
79.17; . 370
- 251
43.42; 59.19, 23, 28; 14, 21-22;
. 244,251,254,355
. 18, 19, 40, 64, 64, 69, 216, 218,
223, 224, 236-238, 240, 241, 243, 254,
261,263,280,283,359,371

402

. 29; 1.13, 40, 44;


99.7, 22; . 359
98.94
1.60
. 47; 1.50; 98.98; . 282,
360
1.50; 98.74; . 360
1.59; . 360
. 46; 64.28; 97.7-9, 13,
15-16; 98.83; . 287
- . 46; 97.16
1.51, 56, 58; 99.23;
. 267, 361
98.44; . 287
1.36; . 270,364
1.50; 98.77; . 364
- 248
- 41, 46, 249,
250
85.44; . 266, 272
- 28, 60, 205, 233
- 28, 288
273
. 41; 24.18
27.27; 57.2; 82.16; . 243,
356
20.21- 22, 25-28; . 219
20.43; . 219
- 48
24.41; 53.9; . 356
,
. 45; 85.71; 86.1; . 274, 275
47
- 50
- 59
258
54.10; 55.9, 10, 12; 56.12;
. 334, 336, 338; .
.

50
48, 50, 51, 223, 230,
254,283-285
274
- 230, 231
63.30, 38
50
, 266, 267, 271, 273
, 85.49; . 273
206
49
206
, 85.50; . 268, 273
21.4; . 258, 356
.
- 43.18
- . 36; 59.12; 67.3; 73.13;
. 356, 259
207
47
- 47
. 27-30, 33, 35-37, 46, 49, 66;
1.1, 45, 65; 64.20; 67.12; 90.3;
97.16; 98.1, 93, 102; 99.1; . 205-208,
248, 265, 269, 275, 287, 288, 348, 354357, 359-361, 364, 365, 369, 371
1.60; 98.81; . 354
. 30; 1.18, 61; 49.1; 65.1;
90.3; 97.10; 98.2-3; . 238, 249, 345,
355, 365
98.59; . 288
1.2, 12, 18, 51; 98.79; . 205,
355,356,366
. 36, 44, 47; 1.60; 49.1;
67.2; 90.3, 17, 19-20; 97.10; 98.8;
. 238, 251,278, 356
1.59; . 356
1.56; . 208
1.51; . 356
1.50, 58; . 357
1.19, 31; . 357
98.88
98.85
1.33, 39; 49.8; . 358
, / 98.96;
. 206, 269, 274, 287, 334, 354-359,
361,364,365
98.73; . 288

206
. 22, 238
. 62; 19.11-12; 20.23; 23.61;
64.17; 85.10, 30; . 264, 267, 269-271,
273
85.28; . 270
, 268

403

, 24.18, 23, 28,


37
1.17; 24.37; 91.12; . 207,
356,358
235
- 28, 233
31.8; . 231
. 26, 45; 78.51; 80.13; 83.20;
85.68; 87.7; 88.3; . 274
22.82; . 222, 263, 280
.
, 4.4; . 211,
371
207
-, , 16, 24, 34, 43, 48,
51,56,64,218,240,334
85.71; . 265, 267-269, 272, 365,
371
. 31; 22.10, 14, 15, 63; 23.37;
54.11; 55.5, 9, 15-16; 83.14; 89.3; . 229,
334, 337; .
85.4, 70; . 265
1.35; 13.3; . 267-273, 377,
382, 384
29
.
.
, 236
49
50.16; 53.3; . 239
/, 271
85.46; . 266, 272-273
273
, 85.47; . 270, 273
. 39
63.30; . 224, 247
23.58; . 224
19.18; 79.17; 81.4; . 219,
260, 371
23.22; 90.3; . 219,
371
371
63.29; 79.16; . 371,
380
.
56.18; . 333, 334, 349; .

21.3-4; 24.9; 36.7; 67.23; 73.14,


27; . 220,221,239, 261,356
5.182, 184; 92.4; , 280
234
23.8;. 223
59, 64, 64, 359
51.3; . 371, 382
34
33, 35, 36, 38^11, 44, 59,
225, 226, 230, 235, 333, 336-339, 341,
342,344,346,351
61.4; 79.10; . 259, 371
23.31; . 222,356,380
266, 269
270, 273
.
() 44.15; 50.33; 51.29
.
, .
, 207
51.29
, 24.18, 20, 30, 34;
. 225
- 245
20.25; . 206, 357
48.8; . 235, 267, 270, 352, 358
1.8; 21.4, 16; 50.31; 73.26;
74.1; 96.1; . 225, 262, 281,357
31.8; . 231
- 273
206
211
1.3; 21.5; 48.5; 67.23; 73.22.
25; 81.23; . 220, 257, 372, 374
. 45; 59.14; 67.46;
88.14; 90.13-14; 91.17; 92.5-10
63-66
23.50
- 50
273
. 31, 33, 35; 2.2,
8-9; 8.16; 18.32; 19.1-2, 4; 22.10, 1617, 63, 65, 82; 26.4-6; 28.37-39, 40,
48, 51; 51.4, 65-^6; 53.9; 54.26-27;
55.8, 13; 56.2; 62.1, 9; 93.7, 9; 100.1;
. 217, 264, 338, 355, 356, 362, 364,
369, 379

404

25, 242
- 20.7; . 219, 357, 365
273

22.81
15.1
1.15; . 207
250
. 38; 56.4; . 334, 343
260, 264
19,228, 256, 341
362
- 232
224
61, 267, 272, 273
20.13
. 22,53,218,244
271
.
- 40
, 207
207
207
269
.
- 206
20.45; 22.90; 28.3, 53; 53.9;
54.24, 28; 55.19-21; 85.2; 89.4; . 228,
229, 357
63.34; 94.9; . 357
27.4
.
66.2; . 250, 372; .
, 273
. 18
, 271
.
.
271
271
, 85.37; . 271
- 258
.
58
18, 49
207
51.9; 63.39; . 357

43.20; . 233
353, 357
() 62
() 51.29
23.36; 50.37; . 357, 359
64.21; . 335, 343
67.7; . 251
, 50.31
9.5; 63.30; 79.2; . 372, 374
215
56.9; . 335
237
61.2;. 372
. 36; 67.3; . 357
, 96.24; . 282
, 4.12; . 211
( ) .
, 67.10; . 363
. 14-16, 22, 24, 28, 31-33, 35,
36, 39, 56, 58, 59, 66; 1.5, 16, 48,
54, 61, 63-65; 2.4, 16; 3.3, 44; 5.24,
187, 193; 8.8; 10.10-12; 11.12; 12.8;
13.7; 20.38, 40; 23.61; 24.27; 26.5;
28.48; 29.8; 31.9; 32.15; 51.12, 67;
52.16; 54.31-32; 67.10; 71.51, 84, 85,
90; 93.7-8, 11, 14; 98.89, 90; 99.17,
19, 22; . 207-209, 236, 254, 255, 263,
276, 278, 281, 282, 353, 364, 366
.
. 14, 15-17, 18-25, 29-31,
34, 38, 40, 42-46, 48, 53-56, 59, 61,
71, 208, 211, 224, 226, 227, 230, 233,
234, 244, 246, 260, 263, 276, 277, 279,
333-335, 337, 341, 343, 357, 358, 361,
362, 367-373, 375-379, 381, 382
. 1417, 18-25, 27, 29-33,
35-37, 42-48, 50-60, 63, 64, 66, 67, 72;
.70; 30.38; 73.16; 83.8; 100.1, 5;
. 207, 208, 212, 216-218, 222, 223, 225,
226, 230, 233-235, 239, 242, 244-246,
254, 256, 260, 263, 264, 270, 276-279,
281, 288, 333-341, 343, 346, 354, 357,
358, 360, 362-364, 367-379, 381, 382
10.10
.
253
96.24; 97.5-6, 11; . 249, 282,
287

405

43.6
80.14; . 373, 381
/ 274, 373, 381
60, 225, 271, 273, 288
.
272
- 20.6; . 219, 278, 358, 365
, 9.30; 95.4; . 215
64.18; 65.4; 86.11; 85.39;. 271
1.2; 20.12, 24; 43.23; . 358,
. 335, 345
359, 365
16, 38, 71
279
8.2; 15.32, 35; 22.56-57; 30.14; 58, 60
35.3; 46.25; 51.11; 57.3, 14; 64.15; 71.84
71.14; . 254
81.17; 82.23; . 214, 232
26
.. 283
66.2; 79.11; . 250, 373
61.4; . 372
373
.
- 278
66.3
. 36, 51; 1.24; 20.23, 25; 30.6; - .
67.3, 15; . 206, 207, 230, 251, 259, 85.14; . 267
49
274, 353, 357, 364, 365, 373
5.197; 78.23; 59.29; 90.3; - 85.34; . 271
99.9; . 365
.. 209, 222
.. 17, 18, 21, 22, 30, 41-43, 47,
, 26
. 35; 67.3; . 353,357
51, 53, 54, 59-61, 63, 64, 226, 235,
, 85.53; . 273
264-269,271-274,277
.
. 272
3.70; 30.38; 73.16; 83.7; . 357 - 43.19
247, 262
- 280
. 266, 270
59.10; . 243, 244
. 222, 372; .
268
209
9.29; . 215, 242
1.11; . 358
. 19, 21-23, 38-43, 49, 51, 53, 61.14; . 250, 373
54,64,67-72, 205, 206, 208, 209, 212- 20.28, 43, 50; . 208, 261
214, 218, 220, 223, 224, 226, 228, 229, .
231, 238, 239, 242-247, 249-251, 255- 4.13; . 211
257, 259, 261, 262, 270, 272-274, 276, 4.13; 5.26-28, 33, 38, 44,
279, 281, 284, 285, 335-341, 343, 34650-54, 60, 91, 140
348, 359
250
, 38-42, 53, 256
51.34; . 372
- 19, 21, 37-42,
29
70, 228, 234, 256, 276, 335, 340-343,
268, 272
345-351
1.54
- 38
43.13
- 40, 41, 255, 256, 346, 61.14; . 368, 372
348
.
264
51.29; . 241
49
() 61.14; . 372,375
() 51.29;
. 241

406

-, 44, 50,
51,57,58
22.83;. 222
59
, 85.35; . 271
79.2; . 373
19, 39, 42, 268, 269, 271, 273
1.20-21, 30, 33; . 207, 353,
357, 358
, 272
85.17;. 268, 269
268
.
51, 67
51
. 57, 58
. ,
() 18.44; 23.56; . 218
219,224,233
; 68.31; . 373
22.83; . 373
.. 18,69
, 61
, 273
24
43.34, 37; . 233
, 271
271
272
- 207
50.31; 51.37; . 358
- 20.9; . 219, 276, 358, 365
.
21, 41, 49, 50
.
- .
, / .
, 271, 273
271
4.6, 11; 5.86; 9.5-9; 50.29;
. 358
254
85.15; . 267
207
43.14
17.11; . 225,359
46, 228, 240
279

, 269
225
, 5.12; 90.3; . 359
270
9.6; 19.18; 50.37; 54.18; 68.29;
71.50; 73.11-12, 24; 79.16; 80.1; 81.4;
87.2, 8, 10; 90.6, 10, 19, 22, 27; 92.23;
. 219,238,242,256, 260,278,374,381
3.97; 90.22; . 212,
219,250
- 63, 266
59, 62, 63, 266, 272-274
. ,
19.7; 20.44; 46.19, 23; 71.38;
73.2, 12, 17; 79.2; 86.9; 372-374
85.11; . 266
.
8.16; 56.7; 86.12; . 335336, 349
79.16
27.21; 61.14; . 215, 374-375,
382
.
22.83; . 222, 375, 382
. 31, 32, 41, 66; 2.1, 6, 12, 59;
3.59; 5.101; 8.21; 9.13; 16.5-6; 18.3, 9,
11-13, 19-20, 22-23, 25, 28, 29; 22.2,
11-12, 14, 22-23, 84; 24.2, 6, 28; 27.7,
16, 26; 32.18; 36.1; 37.13; 50.7, 12;
51.52, 54; 54.3; 55.14; 62.9; 67.36;
. 217, 226, 227, 246, 364, 375, 376, 383
1.52; 96.97, 98; 97.21; . 208
15.3; . 216
1.52; 96.97,98; . 208,286
/, 207, 365
1.32-33; . 207,
253, 359
51.31
270, 273
. 29; 1.43; 23.61; 98.28;
99.4, 7; . 246, 359
21, 49
. 57, 213-215
39
- 39, 41
. 18,22,25,53,64
9.26; 59.6; 95.2; . 215

407

4.2; . 211
- 267
1.29; 46.23; 97.9-10; 98.2, 75-76;
99.12, 17; . 241, 264, 287, 355, 360,
375
51.37; . 375
99.2; . 250, 375
23.24; 46.16; . 375
1.22, 27; 99.3; . 375
46.15; . 375
272
43.22
43.16
51.3; . 371,375, 376
.
264
, 16.5, 10; . 212, 264
.
.
51
22.82; . 222
, 1.54
48.17; . 236, 237, 351, 381
3.25; 5.83; 21.10; 22.83; 28.11;
30.35; 44.17; 48.18; 51.45; 54.20;
57.10; 63.29; 68.45; 73.24; 79.10;
87.6, 10; 90.10, 26; 92.16; 99.14;
. 236,237, 344, 363, 381
22.83; . 222
254
.
- 264
- 266, 271, 273
, 266
22.83;. 222
.
- 41
-/ .
.
271
, 271
. -
- 19
22.92; 96.96; 97.7; . 286
20.; 43.24; . 358, 359

. 24, 36-38, 40, 42, 52, 59, 70,


72; 1.6, 53; 2.3; 3.87; 8.16; 20.45;
21.2, 20; 27.13-14, 29; 46.25; 48.4;
51.59; 56.1; 64.18, 20, 36, 39, 40;
65.2-13; 73.11-13, 15, 20-23, 25-26,
32; 74.8; 75.7; 83.13; 86.9, I I , 13; 90.3;
. 206, 220, 227-229, 235-238, 248,
249,251,256, 258,261,275, 276, 332352, 354, 357, 359
. 16, 49, 64, 65; 20.24; . 358,
359
-, ,
15, 17, 19-26, 30-32, 42, 43, 45,
46, 48-51, 56, 64, 66, 70, 205, 218,
224, 228-231, 239-241, 243, 245, 246,
252, 280, 350
60
.
67.13; 98.27; . 356, 362, 368
.
85.42; . 372
- 28, 44, 45, 260, 266,
275,277
51, 267
34
28, 33, 46, 49, 59, 61, 62,
65, 209, 227, 260, 264-266, 270, 271,
274, 287, 357
, 251
.
50.5, 11; 52.3; 53.1
54.10; 55.15; . 228, 336;
. ;
, 85.23; . 269
20.17
, 85.18; . 268
1.8
269
43.7
.
.
43.5; 54.7
- 206
.
206
.
71.83
61, 63, 266, 267

408

80.14
- 219, 365
266
. -
, 4.7, 8; 5.96, 141;
50.44; . 211,240, 359, 363
4.9, 11
267
273
.
.. 63
47, 48, 58, 228, 230, 241, 257
. 19,20,23,209
4.1-13, 210-211

90.12; . 215, 275, 354


() 86.2; 90.15;
94.12; . 215,275,281,354
() 90.24; . 215,
354
() 30.1; 76.1;
. 215,355
87.1; 90.10, 17; . 277,
356
90.11; . 215, 357
78.53; 86.2; . 215, 275,
278,358
76.1; 90.6, 20, 27, 29; . 215,
255, 270, 359

()
. 36;
.40; 49.1; 90.1; . 210, 215,
255, 359
90.3, 19; . 215, 255, 360
() 90.14;
. 361
90.7, 29; . 215, 362
3.40; 90.9; . 210, 364
30.1; 90.13; . 215, 365
222, 376
24.33; 31.10; 92.5; . 231
24.35; 49.6
24.37; 91.12
15.46; . 216
5.197; 59.29
48-51
. 36; 67.3
248, 259
22.76; 64.15; . 263, 264, 359

. /
.
22.83; . 222
.
67.10
80.1;. 376
79.17; . 376
.
.
- 287
27.18; 28.37; . 226, 227,376
1.20; 51.77; . 242, 287, 359
222, 232, 250, 376; .

66.2
23.20; 61.2; . 376377
. 18, 19,21,24
- .
206
, 85.19; . 268
- .
, 85.31; . 270, 273
44, 63, 258, 259, 359-360
27.5
96.22; . 282
, 207
18, 30, 32, 40, 50-52, 57,
61, 67, 69-72, 205, 206, 208, 209, 212215, 217-227, 229-233, 235, 237-240,
242-245, 247-255, 257-269, 271-286,
332, 333, 335-343, 345-348, 350, 357,
359, 365, 373, 377, 380, 384
- .
67.8; . 251
63.28; . 247
16
-, 15, 17, 42,
44,50,51,56,64,70,212
- 63
, 251
.
. 37; 56.25; . 336, 341
- 59
266, 267, 271
266
70, 268, 269

409

18, 21,49
.
216
251
85,59; . 377
9.3; 36.3; 52.4; . 360
, 50.25; 86.6; . 239,275
85.13; . 267
19.8; 61.14; . 267, 377
61.3; . 377; .
229, 251
223
206
- .
51.14; . 240
27.1
4.10; . 211
1.1; 20.14
.
.. 209
() 22.29-30; 27.12
3.68; 71.86
96.89; . 286
. 16, 18, 218, 224, 237, 243,
261,333,336,383
1.57; 2.1; 30.33; 55.12, 15, 1718; 98.6; . 208, 238, 334, 340, 345,
360, 361
. 35, 36, 55-59; 9.1-2, 1112, 18-21,23, 33; . 213-215
9.11,23; 10.1-13
9.11, 29; 12.1-8
9.11, 25; 11.1-12
. 56, 57; 9.10,
14, 15, 31; 14.1-5
9.11,27; 13.1-7
1.43; . 207
9.26; 59.6; . 215
23.1, 2, 6, 42,
44; . 222
() .
56.8; . 336, 448
.
79.11; . 259, 377

.
- 28, 45, 60, 206
.
.
-, 51
, 24.18, 26
22.82; . 222
55.20; 59.1; . 243
11.5; . 211, 278, 279, 359, 364
.
23.16; 27.21; 46.23; 61.1;
63.36; 70.6; . 245, 377-378
4.14; 5.35, 57, 65-66, 81, 106,
, 120,128,131, 155, 159; . 211
22.83; . 222
42, 62, 269, 273, 379
24.5; . 225
25, 222, 376
( ) 243, 244
22.18,79; 23.45; 51.47;
52.8; 54.6-7; . 224, 239, 242,360
73.5-8; . 255
33
.
15.9; 22.43; . 360
-, 22, 50,
51,59,239
54.8; 68.8; 71.86; 82.18; . 230,
253,254,360
61.5; . 373, 378
34
34
220
, 273
206
.
51.21; . 241
.
247, 268
- .
() 79.17;
. 378
61.4; . 378
19.7, 13; 20.32; 21.3, 9, 15, 17;
67.23-24; 73.17-19, 22-23; 74.3;
75.4-6; . 257, 362
79.17; . 378

410

.
.
.
-, 57
. 45; 78.51; 80.13; 83.20;
85.68; . 274, 282
22.85; . 222
59.22; . 244
- 245
9.27; . 215
1.17; 51.73; . 360
44.16; 51.29; . 241
- 207
() 46.1; . 233234, 243, 358
46.2-9
54.30; . 234, 243
46.21
52.5; 54.25-26, 30; . 234,
243
- 39.2; 41.5;
46.13; 54.30; . 358
. 41; 46.20
46.15; . 234
37.35; 46.18; 51.58
46.23; . 234
47.4, 5; . 234
22.16; 38.7; 46.10;
51.45; 53.1, 7; 54.18; . 234, 243,
361
- 47.9
. 41; 38.7; 40.2; 46.19;
51.34; 52.7
22.58; 40.2; 41.5;
46.11; 51.28; 54.17; . 234,363
46.22
46.14; . 234
37.35; 47.1-4; 51.2, 26;
52.6; 53.6; 54.16, 19, 21; 95.12;
. 364
40.2; 46.12; . 234,
365
- 47.8

46.16-17;
. 234
. 38, 43; 48.1-22;
. 235
411

47.3,6; . 234
- 47.7
.
85.26; . 269
24.9; . 261,360
1.8; . 360
. 61; 73.26; . 219, 247,
257, 360-361
. 36; 55.10-11, 18;
57.11; 62.1; 67.3; 76.2; 77.7; 96.1;
. 240, 270, 360-361
- 245
, 24.18, 22,
32,36
.
. 36; 67.2; . 251
.
50
65.2; 96.89; . 249
54.9; 55.9; . 361
50.47; 54.12, 23; 55.2, 8, 9,
17; 96.24; . 242,282,361
90.1;. 278
37, 332-352
217
50
223
.
218
85.29; . 265, 270, 365, 371
235, 361

5.29; 36; 43.25; 44.4


33.4; 40; 43.29; 44.8
33.3; 34; 43.23; 44.2;
45.2
33.4; 38; 43.28;
44.6
-/
33.5;
41; 43.30; 44.9; . 232
5.1; 8.25; 33.3; 35;
36.8; 43.24; 44.3; 48.13; . 211
5.29; 15.36; . 216
33.5; 42; 43.31; 44.10
33.4; 39; 43.27;
44.7

5.30; 8.25; 33.3; 37;


43.26; 44.5
20.33; . 219
20.33; 43.41; . 206, 219, 274,
361
.
- 80.1; . 378
- 80.1; . 379, 384
9.30; . 215
.
256, 279
16.5, 9
27.2
15.7, 8; . 361
.
. 22, 44^16, 49, 60-63, 66;
30.38; 73.16; 83.7; . 205-207, 216,
260, 264-267, 271, 273, 274, 276, 277,
358, 373
93.5; . 281
.
, . 36; 20.16, 1819; 64.28; 67.2; 97.7-9, 13, 15-16;
. 265,287
- .
.
55.6; 56.26; 64.23,
28, 38; 65.15; 86.12; . 238, 248, 337
.
.
15.44; . 216
43.15
15.44; . 216
15.4, 5-6; . 361
86.9; . 275, 361
.
- 207
85.1, 3; . 264-265, 269, 271
.
79.22, 24; . 379
.
.
- 85.22; . 269
51.35; 80.1; . 379
273
85.55; . 273
.

412

, 273
225
31, 35
79.18; . 379
20.26; . 362
,
4.3; . 211,371,379
264, 269
58, 60, 288
.
51.21; . 241
268, 371
60
, 24.18, 25
1.17; 79.16; 93.12; . 206,
207, 358, 360, 361
33, 274, 357
1.12, 45; . 206, 362
272
.
.
43.4
.
. 21,26-29, 37
43.17
. 59, 70; 30.26, 34; 50.48;
. 211, 233, 235, 236, 269, 273, 280,
381
, 273
11.10; 21.10; 30.38; 46.22; 59.7;
73.12, 23; 74.5-6; 76.1; 80.1; 90.26;
. 222, 242, 243, 251, 258, 260, 275,
276, 279, 379
() 80.1; . 377, 379
29.3
.
. 56; 24.9; 37.29; 48.6, 17;
59.28; . 206, 232, 355, 360, 362, 363,
342,351
- .
. 69
.
51.21, . 241
.
48.10; . 236
47.10; . 235, 265, 267, 362
339; .
86.12;. 256, 275

.
51.31
230
, 273
227
27.26-27; 28.38; 30.46;
54.24, 26; 55.11-12, 17; 64.37; 65.14;
. 227, 228, 334, 337-338; .

270
261
50
- 68.30; . 253
24.38; . 225
30.26, 36; . 230
274
1.4; . 332-339, 342, 351,
362
56.27; . 332, 338
56.27; . 333, 338
56.10; . 333, 346
56.27; . 334, 338
56.13; . 334, 338
56.27; . 334, 338
56.12; . 334, 336,
338
83.4; . 334-335
56.24; . 333, 336,
348; .
56.11; . 336-337,
343
56.15; . 337, 338;
.
56.27; . 336, 337,
338
56.14; . 339, 342
56.20; . 338, 339,
346
- .
-, 51, 229
43.8
.
A.M. 213, 244, 263
.
43.11
.
- 15

43.12
66.2; 79.11; 96.23; . 380
63.30, 38; . 380
225
,
28.2-3; 68.12; 69.10; 70.17; 71.77;
82.25; . 228, 362
- 228
. 36; 67.2; . 251
. 46; 98.86; . 282, 283, 287
96.25, 39-40; . 231, 282
35, 38, 226, 240, 362
22.91; . 362
. 33, 34; 63.35; . 247, 262,
263, 282, 362
(-) .
15.3; 22.1, 5, 21-24, 46;
. 217,362
. 63; 85.43; . 272
- 272
272
85.36; . 271
.
, 99.4; . 355, 362
, . 62; 85.27; . 268,
269-271,273,274
- 47
61.14; 79.17; . 380
.
.
, 207
, 269
272
55, 59-61,220, 226
273
221
, . 36; 67.2
1.5; . 263,363
8.27-36; 22.92; 55.17; 83.12;
96.16; . 276, 363
- 206
, 268
.
() 79.17; . 374, 380
23.31; . 207, 222,
232, 233, 356, 363, 379, 380
28
252

413

! 21.6- 8; 99.5, 15; . 219221,341,348,350,363


48.6; . 380
, 22.6; 59.20, 29;
67.44; 71.4; 94.6; 82.24; . 363
247
- 49.5; . 280,363
85.45; . 272
- 206
90.3; . 278
278
.
! 48.8; 99.5, 15; . 220, 363
.
() 79.17; . 377, 380
.
9.28; . 210, 215
( ) .
5.192-193
. 44, 63; 78.1-7
96.43; . 283, 284
() 1.15; . 207
1.15; . 206
1.15; . 207
1.15; . 206
1.16; 47.10; . 207, 272
.
.
27.3
, , 85.54; . 273
51.21; . 241
- 226
1.24; . 207

67.19
67.17
67.15; . 251
67.18
67.16
244
3.46; . 210
.. 283
. 15, 17, 22, 42, 44, 46, 48, 49,
51, 54, 55, 59, 71; 71.90; . 235,
240,255,261,264
49, 50

229
. 38; 54.29; 63.50; 99.16;
. 363

78.27
78.31
78.25
78.17
78.32
90.12;. 354
78.34; 90.15; . 354
78.16
78.26; . 259
78.30
78.21; 90.10; . 356
90.11; . 357
78.8; 90.16
90.6; . 359
78.22; . 259
90.1
78.24; . 259
78.15
90.14; . 355
78.12
78.33
78.13; 90.3; . 259, 278
90.7; . 261
78.11
90.26
78.9
78.14
78.10
78.20
78.19
78.18
90.9; . 364
78.23; . 259
49.10; 78.28; 90.13, 20;
. 365
78.35
, . 36, 58; 21.6; 48.6;
67.3, 18; 86.16; . 207, 220, 240, 336,
342, 344, 348, 363
1.6; 22.50; 51.25; 54.17; 59.9;
. 208, 221, 223, 239, 241, 243, 244,
356, 360, 363, 376
288
269

414

, 271
23.11;. 223
1.4; 23.9; . 363
23.9; . 223
17.18; . 218
- 59
67.8; . 251
4.9, 10; 5.183; 9.10; . 211,
363
79.17; . 380
, 85.20; . 268
, 207
67.8; . 251
, 207
5.100; 22.77, 82; 23.1; 35.1; 36.2;
51.23, 25; 54.7; . 363
79.17; . 380; .
273
- 45
16.6, 13; . 212
206
- 249, 284, 285
- 41, 59, 224
251
207
66.11; . 368, 380-381
61.5;. 368,381
43.2
- 269
.
22.83; . 222, 381; .

43.10
22.88, 90, 92; 54.28; 55.17;
59.27; 67.44; 83.11; 85.2; 95.1, 15-16;
99.1; . 206,276, 363
1.3; 99.14; . 363
- 206
.
. 38; 56.6; . 339
64.24, 26, 30, 32; . 363
. 46; 97.1, 16; . 286
.
259
61.3;. 381
61.3; . 381

46, 61, 62, 264


, . 46, 55,
61-63, 66; 35.6; 36.8; 64.18; 85.22,
39, 57, 70; . 264-274, 363, 365
62.1^t, 6-7; 64.3031; . 245
(, ) 3.25;
5.83; 8.16; 13.4; 21.10; 23.58; 44.20;
65.15; 66.11; 68.45; 73.12, 24; 79.8,
10, 13, 22; 87.6, 10; 90.3, 15, 21, 26,
27; 92.16; 99.14; . 243, 279, 356-357
4.1; . 211
, 266, 267
86.10; . 275
- 20.8; . 219, 364, 365
7.1-2
6.41
71.91
31.7; . 205
1.5; . 205
59.29; . 364
- 270
35
83.2; . 263
56.23; 83.16; . 339
85.24; . 269
25, 26, 29, 46, 230, 231
90.21, 22; . 279,364
.
/ .
, 273
62, 274
() 79.17, 96.7;
. 367, 381
() 79.17;
. 374, 381
.
1.6; . 364
27.21; 46.23; 79.24; . 369371,381-382
26
.
, 1.8; . 206
,
30.1,3, 24; . 230,364
23.56; . 222

415

. 31, 33, 35, 40, 41; 22.30;


27.15; 29.1; . 217, 226, 227, 240, 248,
264,280, 338, 354,364
1.9; . 205, 208, 336, 364
.
64.27; . 248
251
, 79.17;
. 382, 384
1.17; . 207
- 267
30.2, 25; . 230,364
85.40; . 272
205, 220
. 15, 17, 30, 33, 34, 38; 5.132;
17.16; 22.44, 85, 87; 28.1-2, 4, 12, 41;
30.22, 30-32; 32.6; . 227-229, 248,
262, 354, 355, 360, 363, 369, 376, 378,
383
. 34; 25.17; 28.46,
48, 51; 51.43; 59.26; 60.26; . 229,
355
17.16; 22.44, 85; 30.30-32
. 15-17, 25, 65, 72; 1.56;
5.190; 17.15; 28.1, 18-19, 24, 26-27,
29-31, 43-44; 30.2, 22, 30-32, 41;
32.10; . 212, 217, 227-229, 262, 354,
355, 357, 360, 364
5.113; 17.15; 22.42, 44, 86;
28.38; 29.1; 39.46; 31.1; 32.1;
. 248, 338,354
. 15; 5.7; 22.85, 86; 28.7, 9,
10, 13-15, 42, 44; 31.8, 10; 32.5, 6,
13-15; 35.1; 36.4; 37.3; 45.6; 51.66;
54.14; 55.6; 60.22; 63.39; 70.16;
71.22; 82.29; . 212, 228, 229, 248,
356
22.44, 86; 29.2; 32.1;
36.6; . 248, 364
220
() 21.15;
28.11, 32; 48.20; 51.10; 71.49;
73.17; 81.23; 91.18; . 228, 237,
240, 253
- 235
222, 374

. .
, 34, 228, 241, 242, 246,
260, 339
, 240
, 271
267, 269, 270
.
28, 245
270
.
-, 48, 51, 59,
235
62
.
10.2-3; . 364
209
, 251
232
216
249, 344-345
() 40
() 38, 71
26
222, 382
1.6; 54.10; 55.6; 59.21; . 364
86.17; . 223, 276
1.16; . 207
.
, 270
44.25; 50.33; 51.29; . 233
.
, 1.50 86.10; 98.2; . 207,
275, 287
50.33; 51.29; . 239-240
65.14; . 249
23.8; . 223
, 271, 273
16.6, 11, 14; 22.69, 76; 23.50;
51.57; 53.5; . 212, 223,263, 364
.
, 85.52; . 273
.
.
- 210, 241, 249, 284

416

- 38
, 23.9; . 223
, 86.9; . 275
-, 20.10-12;
43.26; . 219,364, 365
.
. 45; 80.16;
87.1,8, 10; . 259, 276, 277
38
51.3; 382
. 28, 30, 31; 1.61, 63;
2.1; . 208
1.17;
. 205
3.38; . 209,
210
. -
() 79.18; . 375, 382
273
208
108 22.15, 64; 54.11; . 221,
279
1008 22.10, 63; . 229
.
.
.

67.7; . 251
1.9;. 206
30.1; . 230, 365
51.34; . 382
277
222, 382
85.21; . 268
23.11; . 223
64, 65
.
.
51.21; . 241
269, 272
- 207
41.19; 43.19; 61.5; . 382
61.3; . 382-383
61.5; 68.31; . 374,382-383
46, 23; 51.23; . 383
-, 48, 51, 235
- 220

417

, 1.51; . 207, 365


. 20, 52, 65, 67; 1.47; 71.8,
83; 99.18; . 214, 229, 252, 254, 365
, 85.51; . 273
28
- 207
56.21; . 275, 339,
346; .
- 251, 280
66.2, 9; 79.11; 90.21; . 383
67.26; . 212, 251
- . 36; 49.4; . 207, 365
3.6; . 209

3.39; . 209-210
1.39-41; . 364
206, 235, 265, 266, 268, 271, 275,
355, 362, 370
61.3; 79.17; . 376, 383
61.5; . 376, 383
273
55.9; . 340, 342
56, 214-215
.
- .
.
61.2; . 242, 383-384
69.7; 70.13; . 365
85.37; . 271
.
.
.
. 32, 33, 35, 38, 44, 45, 60, 61,
63; 20.34-36; 21.19, 21; 28.11;
51.43; 69.2^1; 73.1, 7, 25; 74.1; 75.1,
7; 76.2; 77.7-9; 78.1, 8, 36, 50, 53;
79.1, 16; 81.1, 5, 10, 15, 24; 82.3, 30;
83.21; 84.1; 85.1, 70; 90.6; 100.3;
. 220, 221, 237, 255, 258, 260, 261,
263-268, 270, 272, 274, 353, 354, 357,
365, 367, 370-384
- . 41; 51.49; 73.5;
. 353
- 73.9; 74.1;
. 353
- 73.8; 74.1; . 255,
354

- . 33, 41; 73.5; - .


. 255, 258
3.33; . 209- 48.21; . 237, 344
210
- . 33; 77;
88.4; . 219, 276,365
. 258
.
- 222
- . 33; 76.2; . 221
- 73.6; . 255
, 4.5; 13.4; . 211
(-)
. 33; , .
20.33-34; 21.19, 22-23; . 221, 39.2; 48.1, 10, 16; . 235, 347,
362
366
- . 33; 21.2; .
.
. 221,365
64
- 244, 364
1.12; 17, 52; 73.13; . 256, 279,
- 38
, 67.9; 99.1, 4, 8
342,366
97.10; . 287
16, 65
. ,
-,
,

13.3; . 384
, 85.38; . 271
15, 20-23, 25, 30, 39,
271
42, 43, 45-51, 56, 58, 65, 70, 210, 230,
. ,
241,245,279,283,284,340
30.26, 35; . 334, 338,
.
.
358,369,377-379,381,384
30.23; 32.1; 36.6; . 365
1.17; . 206, 207, 366
20.39; 43.32-33, 37, 44; 64.42;
. 49; 71.90; . 224, 255, 261
56.5; . 340
67.16; . 207, 231, 350, 366, 373
50
90.10, 28; . 366
. 31, 32, 66; 2.1, 8, 14; 3.5,
- 21.8; . 221, 366
61; 5.103, 115; 8.17, 23; 9.5, 10, 12; -, 51, 227
16.4-6; 18.5-6, 11, 16, 18, 22, 24-26, , 85.9; . 264, 266, 270,
28, 31, 32, 38-39; 19.1-2, 4; 21.20;
271,273
22.4, 16-18, 22-24, 63, 65; 24.4, 8; .
26.4-6; 27.9; 28.36, 40; 30.14; 32.18; 263
37.13; 40.1; 46.25; 48.21; 50.14, 46; - .
51.50, 54, 56; 54.5, 7; 57.16; 59.11; 73.11; 81.4
62.5, 9; 63.4; 67.37; 71.48, 64; 81.16; 48.17-22; . 236, 342, 344,
82.14, 22; 93.11; . 216, 225-227, 237,
348,349,351
239, 242, 244, 246, 252, 264, 344, 364
19.9; 46.14; 48.16; 51.35;
. -
59.7; 68.30; 77.1; 79.16; 80.1; 90.17;
. 235, 238, 253, 258, 260, 275 279,
51
281,363,366,379,384

SUMMARY

This book presents the first complete Russian translation of Visnusmrti,


also known as Visnu-dharmasutra or Vdisnava-dharmasastra. The translation is based on the critical edition: Visnusmrti with the Commentary of
Nandapandita. Vol. 1-2. Ed. by V. Krishnamacharya. Madras, 1964 (Adyar
Library and Research Centre. Vol. 93). J. Jolly's edition of the text was also
taken into consideration {Visnusmrti: The Institutes of Vishnu. Together
with Extracts from the Sanskrit Commentary of Nandapandita Called Vaijayanti. Ed. with Critical Notes, an Anukramanika, and Indexes of Words
and Mantras by J. Jolly. Calcutta, 1881).
Visnusmrti belongs to the dharmasastra literature, but unlike other wellknown works of this genre, such as Manusmrti, the so-called Laws of Manu, and Yajnavalkyasmrti, it was composed in the sutra style, with poetical
parts mainly composed in sloka verses.
The originality of the Visnusmrti's format caused the pioneers of
dharmasastra studies prominent European Sanskrit scholars of the late
19th early 20th century to presume its affinity with the most ancient
texts of this genre. Precisely the format of Visnusmrti, comprised of prose
and verse, drew the attention of scholars, who attempted to find in it
confirmation of some general assumptions about the development of
dharma literature.
Despite early studies of Visnusmrti and the fact that it is frequently cited
to this day in specialized as well as in general Indological publications, the
Visnusmrti did not receive the scholarly attention it deserved. As a result,
researchers still rely exclusively on the works of German Sanskrit scholar
J. Jolly, which were written over 100 years ago. His English translation and
the study of Visnusmrti appeared in the famous Oxford University Press
series, Sacred Boob of the East, edited by Max Muller in 1880.
In accordance with the accepted methods of translation of the time,
J. Jolly uncritically accepted the interpretation of the medieval commentator
Nandapandita. J. Jolly not only included Nandapandita's commentary in his
English translation, but he often replaced the parts of the text that were
419

Summary

difficult to translate with arbitrary and approximate rephrasing. In J. Jolly's


translation as well as in his commentary there is a tangible inadequacy of
the analysis of the content of the text; some words are ommitted and often
the context is not taken into account while translating. Over the past
100 years there have appeared numerous studies, new translations, and
critical editions of dharmasastra texts including a critical edition of
Visnusmrti as well as other related Sanskrit texts. The very principles of
translating ancient texts have changed.
In her Introduction to the present edition, the author attempts to define
the specific characteristics of the text and to analyze its composition.
Visnusmrti is written in classical Sanskrit in accordance with Panini's
grammar. There are virtually no grammatical errors, and the language is
simple and clear although the part written in prose appears somewhat
verbose. Although those characteristics at first make Visnusmrti seem
similar to sutras, a closer examination allows one to distinguish it from the
sutra genre. The first, introductory, and two concluding chapters are written
in verse. Other verse passages appear at the end of each chapter and in this
respect the text is similar to KautilTya's Arthasastra, Vatsyayana's
Kamasutra and some other texts.
The basic characteristics of VisnusmrtFs compositional structure are its
format and its division of the text into 100 chapters. The number of chapters
corresponds to 100 epithet-names of Visnu by which the Goddess Earth
glorified God in chapter 98. The format of this composition that is its
sequence of relating topics and their intrinsic interconnectendness is laid
out differently in comparison to other dharmasastras.
The introduction presents an over-all analysis of Visnusmrti and its
comparison with other texts of dharmasastra's genre, and it allows one to
review its timing and place in the dharma literature. The study of the text
demonstrates that Visnusmrti may have been composed around the middle
of the first millennium AD. Unlike other Vedic sutras, Visnusmrti, along
with other later smrti texts, was designed not for a narrow audience limited
by the parameters of particular schools, but for a significantly broader circle. That explains the tendency for expansiveness, clarity, and completeness
in writing. Its second half is expressed in a distinctive Vishnuitic character,
and it corresponds to numerous early medieval Pur anas and recent smrtis.
Visnusmrti is therefore a unique encyclopedia of Vishnuitic dharma.
Not only does the text vividly reflect general tendencies in the evolution
of the dharmasastra genre, but it also distinctly shows the essence of
processes underway in Indian society. The evolution of dharmasastra texts
clearly shows a major advance in the people's mentality in the first centuries AD. The transition to classical Hinduism signified a colossal leap in the
420

Summary

dissemination of Vedic-Brahmanical traditions to the vast territories with a


non-Aryan population.
In the meantime, due to new conditions, the Vedic-Brahmanical tradition itself was undergoing cardinal changes: there was a growing influence
on that culture by social and ethnic groups that were not part of this tradition. That explains precisely why Visnusmrti includes a description of rituals which, undoubtedly, existed earlier, but remained outside the genre of
dharmasastra (sati, pilgrimage to tlrthas, ritual of gift of black antelope
skins, etc.). Moral edifications occupy a large part of the Visnusmrti. This is
characteristic of classical Hinduism that came to replace ancient ritualism.
Over all, one may claim that the Visnusmrti reflects the process of
change in the religious consciousness that is connected with the transformation of Indian society on the cusp between Antiquity and the Middle Age.
A careful study of this text is the basis of this translation, the aim of
which is to determine the place of Visnusmrti in the dharmasastra literature.
This translation of Visnusmrti is based on the analysis of the text itself, on
studying contexts and parallel passages from other Sanskrit sources close to
Visnusmrti in time and genre. The interpretation of unclear passages is
based to a lesser degree on the commentary by Nandapandita. In addition,
other scholarly publications on related topics were used.
The translator has tried to make the Russian version of Visnusmrti as
close to the original as possible in terms of its stylistic and syntactic peculiarities. The words in square brackets that are essential for its compehension are absent in the original text.
The translation includes extensive notes and commentary, an index of
parallel passages from other Sanskrit texts, an index of mantras, as well as
a glossary of flora, a glossary of terms, a bibliography, a list of abbreviations, and a general index.

-



..
..
..
..
..

22.10.07
6090'/,6.
. . . 26,5. . .-. 26,6. .-. . 27,1
500 . . 8182. . 1966



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ISBN 978-5-02-018469-5

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