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M3T Schools

Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Unit 1 Decision Time


Key vocabulary
Word
decisions

Definition
Things you choose to do after you have thought about something carefully

shade

An area where the light and heat of the sun don't reach

echoed

A sound that bounced back off a surface and was repeated

glanced

Looked quickly

pretend

To imagine

sweating

Feeling wet with the heat

proud

Feeling pleased with what you can do

corridor

A path between rooms

footstep

The sound of somebody walking

pretend

To appear to do something in order to trick somebody

A synonym is a word that means the same, or nearly the same, as another word:
"pleased" means the same as ' glad'
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word:
'miserable' is the opposite of 'glad'

Word
cool

Synonym
chilly

Antonym
warm

quiet

silent

loud

bright

radiant

dull

sticky

humid

dry

empty

unoccupied

dull

glad

content

unhappy

difficult

hard

Simple/easy

strange

odd

normal
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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Key structures
I'm too hot.
I'm getting fed up.
It was so hot, they were all sweating.

Language building
First, second and third person pronouns
* First person pronouns refer to the person ( or persons ) who is speaking.
I waited for Sarah and we went out to play.
* Second person pronouns refer to the person ( or persons ) we are speaking to.
Will you bring me a can of drink?
* Third person pronouns refer to the person ( or persons ) we are speaking about.
They sat under the tree and ate their sandwiches.

First person pronouns singular


First person pronouns plural

I, me, mine
We, us, our

Second person pronouns singular


Second person pronouns plural

You, yours
You, yours

Third person pronouns singular

He, him, his


She, her, hers
It, its
They, them, theirs

Third person pronouns plural

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Grammar
Present Simple
Form :
Affirmative : Subject + infinitive
I
play basketball.
He plays basketball.
Negative :
Subject + dont / doesnt + infinitive
I
dont play
tennis.
He doesnt play tennis.
Questions :
Do / Does + subject + infinitive ?
Do you play tennis?
What do you play?
Spelling : 3rd person singular
* In affirmative sentences , for 3rd person singular ( he/she/it) we add s.
play -------Ahmed plays volleyball.
* verbs ending in consonant + y : replace y with ies.
try ---------He tries to help his friends.
* Verbs ending in ss,ch,sh,x,o : add es.
go ---------He goes everywhere in a wheelchair.
Use
1. Talking about routines and repeated actions:
We always watch TV in the evening.
2. Talking about likes and opinions.
I dont like coffee.
I think he is friendly.
Adverbs of frequency
never
0%

sometimes
50 %

often
75%

usually
90 %

Form
* We put adverbs of frequency after the verb to be .
Im sometimes selfish.
* We put adverbs of frequency before other verbs.
He always plays volleyball at the gym.
3

always
100 %

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Present Continuous
Form
Affirmative : Subject + am / is / are + ing form
1
am watching
TV.
He is playing
basketball.
Negative :

Questions :

Subject + am / is / are + not + ing form


She is not sleeping now.
We are not going out .
Am/Is/Are + subject + ing form ?
Are you watching a DVD?
What are you watching?

Spelling : Adding ing


* For most verbs we add ing ,e.g. eating / playing/going
* For verbs ending in e we take away the e and add ing,
e.g. live --- living

write --- writing

* For verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant ,


We double the final consonant , e.g. shop --- shopping / run --- running
Use
- Talking about actions that are happening at the moment:
What are you doing at the moment?
I am doing my homework.
Key words
now ,

Look ,

Listen

, at present

at the moment

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Past simple
FORM
* Affirmative ( regular verbs ) : Subject + verb with ed
She visited her aunt.
* Affirmative ( irregular verbs ) : Subject + irregular past form
She ate her lunch.
* Negative : Subject + didnt + infinitive
She didnt eat her breakfast.
* Questions : Did + subject + infinitive
Did you eat you breakfast?
Yes, I did. / No, I didnt.
Spelling: regular verbs
* In affirmative sentences, for most regular verbs we add ed
shout ------- shouted
* Verbs ending in e : add d
move ------- moved
* Verbs ending in consonant + y : replace y with ied
study ------- studied
* Verbs ending in 1 vowel and 1 consonant : double consonant + ed
travel ------- travelled
stop ------- stopped
Use
* Talking about an event that finished in the past:
Man arrived on the moon on 20th July 1969.
Key words
yesterday , last , ago , once , in the past , in ( 2000)

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Grammar

Past continuous tense

1. Form :
Affirmative:

subject + was / were + -ing form

He was doing his homework.


subject + wasnt / werent + -ing form

Negative :

He wasnt watching TV.


Question:

Was / Were + subject + -ing form ?


Was he watching TV?
What was he doing?

2. Use : Talking about actions that were in progress at a specific time in the past:
I was having lunch at 2 oclock yesterday.
Past simple or past continuous
- We often use the past continuous with the past simple. We use the past continuous to talk
about a longer action and the past simple with a shorter action that interrupts the longer
action.
While / As ---- longer action ( past continuous ) ------ shorter action ( past simple )
While I was watching TV, the lights went out.
The lights went out while I was watching TV.
When ---- shorter action ( past simple ) --------- longer action ( past continuous )
When it rained, we were playing football.
We were playing football when it rained.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Spelling
In words of one syllable which contain a short vowel in the middle, we double the last
consonant before we add a suffix ( -ing / -ed )which begins with a vowel
stop + ing = stopping
wrap + ing = wrapping
plan + ing = planning

stop + ed = stopped
wrap + ed = wrapped
plan + ed = planned
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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 1

Underline the correct word(s) in brackets .


1- The children liked Mr Graham . (We They You ) liked him very much .
2- "( We Us Our ) are too hot ," Heba and Salma said .
3- " Is that your can?" "Can I have (it him her ?"
4- At the moment, he ( watches is watching was watching ) TV .
5- He always (enjoys is enjoying was enjoying ) cartoon films .
6- The children usually ( go are going were going ) to school by bus .
7- Tom and Sue ( go were going went ) to the seaside last summer .
8- While they ( swam were swimming are swimming ), they saw a shark .
9-The sun ( shines is shining was shining ) brightly today .
10- Sally ( is having was having had ) lunch when her friends arrived .
11- This morning Mum ( drove drives is driving ) them to school .
12- Look! The boys ( play are playing were playing ) football .
13- The telephone ( rang was ringing is ringing ) while we were having lunch .
14- While they ( studied were studying are studying )their lessons, the light went out .
15- The children ( have are having were having ) a break every morning .
16- Listen! The children ( shout shouted are shouting ) outside .
17- Yesterday the children did not ( go went - going ) outside .
18- What were the children doing when Dan ( were shouting shouted -are shouting)?
19- While they (watched-are watching-were watching) the match, their aunt came in .
20 He doesn't ( go goes is going ) to school every day .

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 2

Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets .


1-My dad reads the paper every morning .
(now)
..
2- Nada washes the dishes every day .
(at the moment )

3- Dolly is walking to school now .


(usually )

4- He is reading an English story .


(often)
.
5- She is riding her bike at the moment .
(every day)
.
6- They sometimes visit their grandparents .
(today)
.
7- I was drawing a picture . My friend came m
(While)
.
8- I was walking down the street . I saw the accident .
(when)
.
9- I listened to music .During this, my brother arrived .
( While )
.
10- I slept . I had a dream .
(When)
.
11- My sister goes to school early .
(Yesterday)
.
12- He played a match yesterday .
(not)
.
13- He watches TV every day.
(not)
.
14- He phoned some of his friends yesterday .
(not)
.
15- We spend the summer holiday in Alexandria .
(not
.

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 3
1-Give one word:
..

1-Feeling pleased with what you can do


2-Things you choose to do after you have thought about something
carefully..
3-To imagine

..

4-A sound that bounced back off a surface and was repeated

..

5-Looked quickly

..

6-Feeling wet with the heat

..

7-An area where the light and heat of the sun don't reach

..

2-Supply the following dialogue:


Ali : Have you ever been to Saudi Arabia ?
Ahmed : Yes , I .
Ali : .?
Ahmed : Yes , I like it very much .
Ali : .?
Ahmed : I travelled by plane .
Ali : .?
Ahmed : At a small hotel in Makka .
Ali : .?
Ahmed : Three weeks .

3-write paragraph of six sentences about :


"Sports "
Guiding Questions :
- Are sports important for your body ?
- What sports do you do ?
- How long have you been playing them ?
- How often do you do them ?
- Where do you practise them ?
- What are the benefits of sports ?
.
.
.
.
.
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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Unit 2 The Panama Canal


Key vocabulary

Word

Definition

canal

a river made by people

cargo

things that are being sent by ship

ditch

a long narrow hole that has been dug into the ground

lock

where the level of the water is raised or lowered

toll

the money you pay to use a canal

route

the way from one place to another

ocean

a large sea

government

the people who control a country and make its laws

journey

when you travel from one place to another

link

to join

blast

to use explosives like dynamite to blow up rocks

Language building
Brackets (

They are punctuation marks. They are sometimes used to enclose more information.
Brackets separate the extra information fr4om the rest of the sentence.

The Suez Canal ( in Egypt ) was opened in 1869.


Ferdinand de Lesseps ( a famous engineer ) was French.

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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Grammar
Wys to express future time
will + infintive / be going to + infinitive

"be going to" is used for things we are planning to do or that we expect to happen.

"will" is used for things we are sure will happen.

- They are going to build a canal. ( They are planning to build it.)
- It will link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ( we are sure it will link the two oceans.)

* What are you going to do at the weekend?


I'm goping to play basketball.

Teacher : I'm going to give you some homework. Will you do it?
Student : Yes, we will.

Spelling
Dropping magic e before adding suffix beginning with a vowel

In words which end with a magic 'e' ( words which end with a long vowel + consonant + e )
We drop the 'e' before we add a suffix which begins with a vowel

hope ---- hoping


bake ---- baking
close ---- closing

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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 4
Q1: Underline the correct word(s) in brackets.
1- A ( canal sea route ) is a river made by people .
2- The ( toll route cargo ) is the things that are being sent by ship .
3- ( Toll Canal Route ) is the money you pay to use a canal .
4- Work stopped because it was not going ( good well bad )
5- A ( government route journey ) is the way from one place to another .
6- We will go to Italy ( by on in ) ship .
7- Thousands of workers took part in ( digging managing-costing)the Suez Canal.
8- Tomorrow we will pass ( during through with ) the Panama Canal .
9- How ( long - much many ) did it cost to build a canal ?
10- A lock is a length of a canal with ( doors-windows-gates) at either end .
11- ( Canals Tolls Locks ) are where the level of the water is raised or lowered.
12- The ( canal river ocean ) is a large sea .
13- The ( route journey-toll) is when you travel from one place to place .
14- Panama Canal(communicates-contacts-links) the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic
15- Builders had to (blast-jog-hike) through rock to make Panama Canal .

Q2: Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets .


1- He has decided to buy a new laptop .
(going)

2- He intends to play tennis with his friends next week .


(going)

3- My plan is to study hard this year .


(I'm)

4- It's too cold . He wants to put on his jacket.


(will)

5- Lots of friends are going to come to the picnic.


(coming)

6- I've arranged to fly to London next year .


( flying)

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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 5
1-Underline the correct word(s) in brackets .
1- Do you think it ( is raining-will rain-has rained ) tomorrow ?
2- I think Brazil (wins is winning will win ) the match .
3-Look! He ( is going to fall falls down had fallen )
4- Salma ( will be is is going to be ) sixteen next week.
5- He hasn't studied hard. I'm sure he (will pass won't pass isn't going to pass).
6- There are a lot of clouds in the sky. It (is going to rain-rains-is raining)
7-I hope you ( will finish-are finishing-are going to finish) your work in time .
8- We ( go-have gone-are going-was going) to the club tomorrow.

Q2: Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets .


7- I'll certainly travel to Paris next Friday .

(traveling)

8- She's planned to read a new story next week.

(going)

.
9- My decision is to study my lessons now.

(I)

.
10- I've decided to visit my aunt .

(will)

.
11- Her decision is to take a shower.

( She)

.
12- I'll go to the club next week .

(going)

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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 6
Q1: Match the words with their definitions.
1- canal

a) where the level of the water is raised or lowered.

2- cargo

b) a large sea .

3- lock

c) a river made by people .

4- toll

d) things that are being by ship .

5- route

e) when you travel from one place to another .

6- ocean

f) the money you pay to use a canal .

7-government

g) the way from one place to another .

8- journey

h) the people who control a country and make its laws .

Q2: supply the following dialogue:


Sally : Tomorrow is a holiday , I don't want to stay at home .
Amy : Neither do I . ..?
Sally : That's a good idea . ?
Amy : The film is called " The pirate ".
Sally : When will it start ?
Amy : .
Sally : .?
Amy : We can go there by my car .

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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Unit 3 Journey to the centre of the Earth


word

definition

archaeologist

Someone who studies things from the past

crater

the round hole at the top of a volcano

surface

the top layer of something

weapopns

something used to fight with

armour

metal clothes worn by soldiers to protect the body

scales

small hard flat pieces of skin on the body of a fish or a reptile

razor

something used to shave with

relax

to rest and become calm

inhabit

to live in a particular place

doze

to sleep for a short time

plunged

to dive quickly under water

eerie

strange and mysterious

fearful

frightened

hideous

very ugly or frightening

ghastly

very bad or unpleasand

coiling

in the shape of circles

uneventfully

without a lot of exciting or unusual things happening

Langauge building
Adjectival phrases
An adjectival phrase does the same job as an adjective. It describes a noun.
The sea was deep and dark.
What was the sea like? It was deep and dark.
The turtles's shel was hard and armour-like
What was the turtles's shell like? It was hard and armour-like.

Remember
A phrase does not usually contain a verb.
A phrase doesn't make sense on its own.
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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Grammar
First conditional
If the weather is hot tomorrow, we will go to the beach.

If --- present simple --- future simple


If it rains, we will stay at home.
We will stay at home if it rains.

If it doesn't rain, we won't sta at home.


We won't sta at home if it doesn't rain.

Unless = if not
Unless he studies well, he will fail .

Spelling
Verbs which end with a consonant + y, don't change when we add ing
BUT we must change the y to

i before we add ed

Harry was trying to sleep.


Hary tried to be brave.

cry ---- crying ---- cried


hurry ---- hurrying ----- hurried
dry ----- drying ------ dried

16

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 7
1-Give one word for:
1-Someone who studies things from the past

2-the round hole at the top of a volcano

3-the top layer of something

4-something used to fight with

5-metal clothes worn by soldiers to protect the body

6-small hard flat pieces of skin on the body of a fish or a reptile

7-something used to shave with

8-to rest and become calm

2-Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets :


1- Get up early so as to reach school early.

(If)

..
2- Read the lesson carefully in order to understand it.

(If)

.
3- Work hard in order to earn a lot of money .

(If)

...
4- You should have much money to buy a new mobile .

(If)

..
5- Playing well make you win the match .

(If)

...
6- When you have homework, do it before dinner.

(If)

...

17

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 8
1-Underline the correct word(s) in brackets :
1- An ( archaeologist adventurer - inventor) is a person who discovers tombs and
monuments
2- Can you point to your country on the ( map location crater )?
3- My brother's son is my ( niece uncle nephew ).
4- A ( raft map crater ) is a round hole in a volcano .
5- Who wrote the ( dairy diary daily ) ?
6- He set ( off up down ) on his journey early yesterday .
7- The underground runs through a (raft-tunnel-bridge) under the ground .
8- A ( volcano raft cave ) is a kind of a small boat made of pieces of wood .
9- While we were driving in the dark, a strange,( eerie deep- tired) light surrounded us .
10- He was tired so he wanted to ( relax realize exist ) .
11- Lions are fearful ( archaeologists rafts creatures ) .
12- Dinosuars used to ( inhabit inhibit relax ) the Earth millions of years ago .
13- I saw ( bubbles ropes volcanoes ) on the surface of the water .
14- We need some ( bubbles ropes weapons ) to kill the dangerous animals .
15- He was very tired so when he ate, he began to ( doze realize point ) .

2-Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets :


1- I promise to give you a present when you succeed .
(will)
..
2- Save much money or you won't be able to buy a car.
(If)
..
3- Study hard or you won't pass your exams.
(If)
..
4- Hurry up or you won't catch the bus .
(If)
...
5- Don't put the glass here. Someone will break it .
(If)
..
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M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 9
1-Give one word for:
1-to live in a particular place

2-to sleep for a short time

3-to dive quickly under water

4-strange and mysterious

5-frightened

6-very ugly or frightening

7-very bad or unpleasand

8-in the shape of circles

9-without a lot of exciting or unusual things happening

2-Underline the correct word(s) in brackets :


1- If the weather ( is-will be -is going to be) hot tomorrow, we will go to the beach.
2- If it rains, we ( stay will stay would stay ) at home .
3- Nada will pass her exams if she ( will work worked works ) hard .
4- Sam ( will buy buys would buy ) a car if he has enough money .
5- If the boys (play- will play-would play ) well, they will win the match .
6- If we ( will go went go ) to Egypt, we will see the pyramids .
7- If she lives in France, she ( would speak will speak could speak ) French .
8- The children ( will play-play-would play) on the beach if the sun is shining .
9- Your teacher will be cross if you (won't do-didn't do don't do) your homework .
10- If you come to my house , you (will play-would play-have played) computer games.
11- What will John do if it ( is will be would be ) hot tomorrow ?
12- We ( will drown - drown-have drowned ) if we fall into the water .
13- If you ( will throw threw throw ) a metal bar into water , it will sink .
14- What ( would could will ) you do if you are tired after school ?
15- If it's wet tomorrow, he ( would watch watches will watch ) TV .
16- If you see Ali, ( tell will tell may tell might tell ) him to phone me .
19

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Unit 4 tourism
Key vocabulary
word
tourist
culture
souvenirs
gifts
services
benefits
employment
sewage
habitat
dump
graze
destroy
local

definition
Someone who visits a place on holiday
Activities that make a society distinctive, e.g. art, music, etc.
Things that you buy to remind you of the places you visit
Presents, things you buy for someone else
The things that the public needs
Advantages, good things
Work that someone is paid to do
Waste from people's bodies
A place that something lives in
To get rid of something that is no longer wanted
To eat grass
Spoil, ruin
To do with the area in which you live

Language building
Adverbial phrase
An adverbial phrase does the same job as an adverb.
It tells us more about a verb.
1- adverbial phrase of manner answer a question with 'How'
The tourist said hello with a smile.
How did the tourist say hello? With a smile.
2- adverbial phrase of place answer a question with'where'
Mr Smith was fishing in the sea.
Where was Mr Smith fishing? In the sea
3- adverbial phrase of time answers a question with 'when'
The plane left on Saturday morning.
When did the plane leave?

20

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Grammar
Present perfect and past simple
We use the present perfect: to describe an event in the past without a definite time
Someone has broken my camera.
We use the past simple to describe finished vents in the past, when we think about a
definite time.
Someone broke my camera yesterday.
A: Have you ever ridden a horse?
B: Yes, I have.
A: When did you see it?
B: I saw it last month.

Spelling
Sometimes we can make a verb into a noun by adding the suffix ment.
Tom and Sam disagree about tourism.
Tom and Sam have a disagreement.
move - movement
govern government
argue argument
excite excitement

21

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 10

Q1: Choose the correct answer.


1- A ( tourist-souvenir-shopkeeper) is someone who visits a place on holiday .
2- Have you ever been ( in on at ) holiday to another country ?
3- Most people are proud ( on of in ) where they live .
4- Tourists come to Egypt to see famous (sights sites insights )
5- All people know him . He is ( famous proud destroyed )
6- Hotels and restaurants ( spend show provide ) jobs and money .
7- Tourists buy ( souvenirs sights culture ) and gifts to take home .
8- Shopkeepers ( do hold make ) money by selling things to tourists .
9- Electricity and telephones are local ( services sights souvenirs )
10- Sadly, tourists can ( benefit improve damage ) the places they visit .

Q2-Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets:


1- We caught the plane to London .
(not)
.
2- She spoke to her friend on the phone .
(not)

3- I study Maths every year .


(last year )

4- He eats pizza every now and then .


(yesterday)
.
5- I will visit my aunt next week .
(two days ago)

6- I have written an e-mail to my friend .


(last month )

7- He went upstairs .
(go)
..
8- She left home early .
(leave)
..
9- I haven't read the paper for three weeks .
(ago )
..
10- I went to the club last Friday .
(Where)
.
22

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 11
1-Underline the correct word(s) in brackets:
1- I have ( yet just since ) finished my work .
2- I haven't had a really good ice cream ( already just yet ).
3- Nada has been in Port Said ( for since from ) three months .
4- We haven't eaten ( for yet since ) yesterday .
5- We ( don't go haven't been didn't go ) to the cinema for weeks .
6- He has studied English ( for since ago ) he was seven years old .
7- His mother has been there with him ( for since from ) two weeks .
8- He hasn't had any fish and chips ( for since from ) he arrived .
9- I ( don't start am not starting haven't started ) this exercise yet .
10- I ( didn't draw haven't drawn don't draw ) a picture since last year .
11- They ( were are have been ) friends since kindergarten .
12- She ( worked works has worked )in the supermarket since August .

2-Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets :


1- You've had that computer since 2004 .
(for)
.
2- I've seen this film before .
(already )
..
3- I phoned my friend a moment ago .
(just )
.
4- Sally called her sister a moment ago .
(just)
.
5- I last went to the club a week ago .
(for )
.
6- The last time I saw him was in 2000 .
(since)
.
7- The last time he smoked was last year .
(since)
.
8- I last bought a new shirt last August .
(since)
.
23

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 12
Give one word for:

1-Someone who visits a place on holiday

2-Activities that make a society distinctive, e.g. art, music, etc.


3-Things that you buy to remind you of the places you visit

4-Presents, things you buy for someone else

5-The things that the public needs

6-Advantages, good things

7-Work that someone is paid to do

8-Waste from people's bodies

9-A place that something lives in

10-To get rid of something that is no longer wanted

11-To eat grass

12-Spoil, ruin

13-To do with the area in which you live

24

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Unit 5 Escape from the castle of Doom, by John Little


Key vocabulary
words
companions

meaning
friends

warrior

a brave soldier

knight

a king's soldier in the past

patrol

moving round a place to guard it

dungeon

a dark room in a castle used as a prison

courtyard

a square surrounded by buildings or walls

gaurdroom

room where gaurds can meet and work

statues

an image of a person made of stone

gag

a piece of cloth put over someones' mouth

capturred

caught someone and kept him as a prisoner

rescue

help someone to get free

froze

stood still

beckoned

signalled to someone to come towards you

trusted

someone you believe is good, honest and true

cautiously

carefully

incredibly

extremely very

Language Building
Compound sentences and clauses
A compound sentence can be made up of two simple sentences.
A simple sentence can also be called a main clause.
Main clause 1
conjunction main clause 2
Sapphire is beautiful
and
she is also very clever.
Somnetimes we leave out the subject of the second sentence.
The guard came out of the hut and he didn't see Braveheart.
Midge is ver short

but

he is incredibly strong.
25

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Grammar
Past perfect
Form : had + p.p.
Affirmative : I had watched TV.
Negative : I hadn't finished my homework.
Question : Had you finished your homework?
Use :
- It is used to describe a past event which happens before another event in the past.
I watched TV after I had finished my homework.
Key words
After
As soon as
past perfect(had+p.p.) --------- past simple
When
After I had written e-mail, I sent it.
I sent the e-mail after I had written it.
Before
By the time
past simple ---------- past perfect(had + p.p.)
Before I sent the e-mail, I had written it.
I had written the e-mail before I sent it.

-sion words
decision
television
explosion
division
revision

Spelling
sion / ssion words
-ssion words
discussion
expression
possession
permission
profession

1- possession : something you own


2- discussion : when you ytalk about something together
3- profession : a job that needs special skills to mdo
4- explosion : a loud noise
5- decision : whne you decide something
6- division : whne you devide something
26

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 13
1-Underline the correct word(s) I brackets :
1- When does this story ( take have make ) place ?
2- You can depend on him. He is a ( whistled-trusted-flattered) person.
3- He doesn't fear anything. He ( incredibly brave lucky ) .
4- People used ( knives swords - walls ) when they fought in the past .
5- A ( warrior sword guard ) is a person who is trained to take part in battles .
6- The poor man lives in a small ( villa castle hut ) in the countryside .
7- I often ( stretch creep blaze ) immediately after I get up .
8- The door (clanked clattered creaked ) loudly when I opened it .
9- The guard ( in at o ) duty was sitting at a table .
10- You can see your ( dark shade shadow ) in the sun .
11- They tied a ( dungeon gag latch ) around his mouth to stop him from shouting.
12- Braveheart was strong ( and or but ) climbing the wall was hard work .
13- The princess was very quiet (and or but ) she was fast asleep .
14- Freddie was ill because he (has eaten-had eaten-was eating) too much cake .
15- After the rain (has stopped was stopping- had stopped ), we went for a walk .
16- Before she ( went - has gone had gone ) to the cinema, she had bought the ticket .
17- The police wanted to catch the thief but he could (escape-improve-arrest).
18- Adel and Ahmed are the (companions-companies-climbers) who Ali goes with them
everywhere .
19- A ( warrior knight companion ) is a very well trained horse rider .
20- There was no one on (petrol-patrol-patron) so the thieves could get into the villa.
21- He ( whispered yawned- crept ) because he wanted to sleep .
22- After they(were climbing-have climbed-had climbed) the hill, they stopped for rest.
23- Before she went to sleep , she (has done-was done-had done) her homework .
24- Freddie felt ill because he (has eaten- had eaten was eating) too much cake .
27

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 14
1-Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets :
1- First, she studied her lessons . Then, she went to bed .
(After)
.
2- He played a match and then he had a bath .
(Before)
.
3- She wrote a letter . Then, she posted it .
(After)
.
4- First, he had lunch . Then, he did his homework .
(Before)
..
5- I passed my exams . I studied hard .
(Because)
..
6- Midge is very short . He is incredibly strong .
(but)

7- Hend is beautiful . She is also very clever .


(and)

8- He doesn't play football . He doesn't play tennis .


(or)
.

2-Give one word for:


1-a brave soldier

..

2-a king's soldier in the past

..

3-moving round a place to guard it

..

4-a dark room in a castle used as a prison

..

5-a square surrounded by buildings or walls

..

6-room where guards can meet and work

..

7-an image of a person made of stone

..

8-a piece of cloth put over someone's' mouth

..

9-caught someone and kept him as a prisoner

..

10-help someone to get free

..

11-stood still

..

12-signalled to someone to come towards you

..

13-someone you believe is good, honest and true

..

28

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Unit 6

writing letters

words

definitions

editor

a person who is in charge of a newspaper .

complaint

when you say you are not happy with something .

litter

rubbish

unhygienic

unclean, likely to cause illness

germs

small bacteria that spread illness and disease .

council

the people who are in charge of a city or a town

damage

do harm to something

historic

important and old

poachers

people who hunt protected animals and kill them

Opposites ( prefixes un and dis )


We can make some words mean the opposite by adding the prefixes
The opposite of the adjective 'pleasant' is 'unpleasant'.
The opposite of the verb 'to like' is 'to dislike'.

un or dis.

hygienic ( unhygienic )
pleasant ( unpleasant)
kind ( unkind)
like ( dislike )
appear ( disappear )
honest ( dishonest )

language building
reflexive pronouns
reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject of the sentence
subject
reflexive pronoun
The queen liked herself more than anyone.
singular
myself
yourself
plural
ourselves
Yourselves
Examples
- I was myself in the bath.
- The guards defended themselves.
- Can you read this by yourself.
29

himself,herslef,itself
themselves

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Grammar
Passive present and past
Form
Present passive : to be ( am is are ) + p.p.
Past passive : to be ( was were ) + p.p.
Active : Tourists visit the town.
Passive : The town is visited by tourists.
Active : We clean our rooms everyday.
Passive : Our rooms are cleaned everyday.
Active : The guards rescued the princess.
Passive : The princess was rescued by the gaurds.
Active : The policeman chased the thief.
Passive : The thief was chased by the policeman.

Spelling
Suffix ery
word
discovery
bakery
nursery
machinery
jewellery
cookery
robbery
bravery
pottery
delivery

meaning
To find something you didn't know before
A place where a baker makes things like
bread
A place where young children are looked
after
Machines
Things like rings that you wear for
decoration
Cooked things
when someone or somewhere is robbed
being brave
a place where pots are made from clay
bringing things to a place

30

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 15
1-Underline the correct word(s) in brackets :
1- I dont like horror films. I ( adore love dislike ) them .
2- If the town isn't cleaned ( off up out ) , visitors will stop coming .
3- Rubbish is unpleasant and ( unhygienic dangerous-historic) for people who live here.
4- Why aren't they ( making doing working ) their job ?
5- ( Motorists Visitors Editors) are people who drive their own cars .
6- I ( divide participate share ) a room with my sister .
7- Have you ( done made broken ) some good new friends ?
8- You can give (themselves-yourselves-ourselves ) a clap for doing so well !
9- The monkey picked ( yourself-myself-itself) a banana from the tree .
10- Goats ( keep are keeping are kept ) for milk and meat .
11- Our town ( is visited is visiting were visited ) by many tourists.
12- The Great Wall ( was built is building was building ) by the Chinese .
13- The guards defended ( ourselves yourselves themselves ) .
14- We hid ( ourselves yourselves themselves ) behind a rock .

Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets :


1- Tourists visit historic buildings every year .

(are visited )

..
2- They built the castle of Dom o a high mountain .

(was)

..
3- The boys went to the cinema with no one .

(by)

4- Children throw rubbish in the street .

(Rubbish is )

5- The imprisoned the princess in a dark dungeon.

(The princess was)

31

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 16
Q1 :Underline the correct word(s) in brackets :
1- Have you ever written a ( litter latter letter) to your friend ?
2- Mr Ahmed is the ( editor tourist archaeologist ) of the local magazine.
3- A ( fountain-lake-pond) is a stream of water that is forced up into the air through a small
hole
4- The shop is in the main ( triangle rectangle square ) in the city centre .
5- There is a lot of rubbish in the street it looks ( pleasant awful hygienic )
6- Tourists come to Egypt to see the ( history historic horrible ) buildings .
7- Braveheart was tall ( and or but ) Midge was small .
8- The wind whistled ( and or but ) it began to rain .
9- After the rain (has stopped-was stopping-had stopped), we went for a walk .
10- Before she cooked the meat, she (has bought-was buying-had bought ) it.

Q2: Rewrite these sentences using the word(s) in brackets :


1- He doesn't like fish . He doesn't like meat .

(or)

.
2- Midge is very short . He is incredibly strong .

( but )

..
3- Can you read this alone ?

(yourself)

..
4- I cleaned al the house alone .

( myself )

.
5- Many tourists visit the town .

( by )

.
6- The policeman chased the thief .

(was)

...
32

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 17
Q1: Underline the correct word(s) in brackets :
1- Clara bought ( myself herself yourself ) a cake .
2- I chose the shoes ( ourselves herself myself ).
3- The boy drew a lovely picture of ( herself myself himself ) .
4- You can get the drink ( herself myself yourself ).
5- The children found the way home by ( themselves yourselves ourselves ).
6- We forgot to get (themselves-yourselves-ourselves) some books from the library.
7- This book ( wrote is written was written ) in 2004 .
8- Look! This necklace ( is made made is making ) of gold .
9- In the past tigers ( hunt are hunting were hunted ) for their fur .
10- Elephants ( found are found are finding ) in Africa and Asia .

Q2: Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets :


1- The guards rescued the princess .
( by )

2- Egyptian farmers grow cotton .


( Cotton )

3- My uncle gave me a present .


( given )
..
4- We clean our rooms everyday.
(Our rooms are )
.
5- They told the soldiers to guard the princess.
(The soldiers)
.

Q3-Give one word for:


1-a person who is in charge of a newspaper .

..

2-when you say you are not happy with something .

..

3-rubbish

..

4-unclean, likely to cause illness

..

5-small bacteria that spread illness and disease .

..

6-the people who are in charge of a city or a town

..

7-do harm to something

..

8-important and old

..

9-people who hunt protected animals and kill them

..

33

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Unit 7 The TV Game Show


Key vocabulary
words

Meaning

audience

people who are watching

congratulate

to tell someone you are pleased with them

fortunate

lucky

fanfare

a loud sound of trumpets

horrid

not very nice = horrible

chance

an opportunity to do something

cheer

to give a loud shout of happiness or approval

stir

to make something move slightly

expenses

all the money you spend

pause

a short time when someone stops doing something

applaud

clap

TV presenter

a person who introduces a television programme

Alliteration
Some writers use alliteration .
This is when words begin with the same sound .
e.g. nice name / playful panda / rocky river /
terrible tiger / wild wolf / orange octopus /

Language building
Gender of nouns
Ahmed is a man.
'man' is a masculine(male) noun
Soha is a girl.
'girl' is a feminine(female) noun.
'chair' is not masculine or feminine. It is neuter.
34

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Sometimes we read a word it could be either masculine or feminine, but we are not sure.
We say these nouns have a common gender.

'friend' is a common noun


1- Masculine = male noun
e.g. Adel man boy brother father uncle nephewking
2- Feminine = female noun e.g. Dina woman-girl-sister mother-aunt-niece-queen
3- common = both masculine or feminine nouns . e.g. dentist-doctor-friend-audience
4- neuter = things' nouns . e.g. table trumpet camera box

Grammar
Future passive
Form : will be + p.p.
Active: Subject + will/shall + first form of the verb + object
Passive: Object of the active sentence + will/shall + be + past participle form of the
verb + by + subject of the active sentence
Active: I will write a letter.
Passive: A letter will be written by me.
Active: She will help me.
Passive: I will be helped by her.
Active: John will learn the lesson.
Passive: The lesson will be learnt by John.

Spelling
' ate ' words
Lots of words end with 'ate'
congratulate,
fortunate,
separate,
illustrate
investigate,
35

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

worksheet 18
1-Underline the correct word(s) in brackets:
1- He is very ( helpless-hopeful-fortunate). He wasn't injured in the car accident .
2- He always ( remembers-reminds-forgets) me to get all my books .
3- When the presenter was opening the envelope , Anna looked (comprehensiveapprehensive-expensive )
4- When she said the correct answer, there was (applause-shocks-sounds) from her
classmates.
5- Next year our town (are visited-were visited-will be visited) by many tourists.
6- In tomorrow's sale all prices ( will cut have cut will be cut ) by fifty percent .
7- This film will ( seen see be seen ) all over the world .

2-Write each noun in the correct column :


( Anna Larry dentist camera box parent doctor policeman boy student
mother- lady )
Masculine
..
..
..
..

feminine

.
.

common
.
..

neuter

..

3-Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets :


1- Scientists will discover new cures for diseases .
(New diseases)
..
2- My father will iron the clothes .
( will be )
.
3- Salma will dust the furniture .
(be )
.
4- The farmer will grow some trees in our garden .
(Some trees will)

36

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 19
Q1: Underline the correct word(s) in brackets :
1- My sister works as a TV ( presenter representative present ).
2- The ( photographer artist cameraman ) is filming the TV programme.
3- The studio ( audience viewers spectators ) is watching the show game .
4- Let me ( applaud congratulate present ) you because you've passed your exams.
5- My uncle ( won gained earned ) the first prize last week .
6- Who will pay the ( expenses salaries wages ) of the holiday ?
7- Where is the show taking ( place part site ) ?
8- The girls ( will be given have given will give ) a tent to sleep in .
9- They ( will drive will be driven have driven ) to school at 8 o'clock tomorrow .
10- Next year our town ( are visited were visited will be visited ) by many tourists .

Q2: Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets :


1- My teacher will give me a present .

(I will)

.
2- My uncle will explain the lesson .

(by)

.
3- We will paint our flat next summer .

(be)

.
4- Nada will write a letter to her friend .

(by)

..
5- My brother will drive us to school .

( We will )

.
6- They will draw pictures in the art class tomorrow .
.

37

(Pictures )

M3T Schools
Primary stage (6) Language Section, Macmillan, First Term

Worksheet 20

Give one word for:


1-people who are watching

2-to tell someone you are pleased with them

3-a loud sound of trumpets

4-not very nice = horrible

5-an opportunity to do something

6-to give a loud shout of happiness or approval

7-to make something move slightly

8-all the money you spend

9-a short time when someone stops doing something

10-a person who introduces a television programme

38