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SULIT SULIT 4531/2(PP)

4531/2(PP)
Fizik
Kertas 2
Ogos/September
2007

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI JOHOR

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2007

FIZIK

Kertas 2

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 8 halaman bercetak .


4531/2(PP)@Hak cipta JPNJ [Lihat sebelah
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SECTION A
No. MARKING SCHEME MARK
1(a) Diameter//measure length 1
(b) Outside jaws 1
(c) 0.01 cm 1
(d) Are used to measure external diameter or the length of an object 1
TOTAL 4
2(a)

V1 V2
2

(b) Principle of conservation of momentum 1


(c) Streamline body 1
(d) Collision of car // firing a gun 1
TOTAL 5
3(a) AND gate and NOT gate 1
(b)(i) P Q 1
0 1
1 0

(ii) X Y Z Q
0 0 1 0 2
0 1 1 0
1 0 1 0
1 1 0 1
(b) Diagram 3.2: NOT gate 1
(iii) Diagram 3.3: AND gate 1
TOTAL 6
4(a) Increase the number of turns in the secondary coil 1
Decrease the number of turns in the primary coil. 1
(b) Because iron can be magnetized and demagnetized easily 1
(c)(i) P = VI
36 = 24I 1
Current in the secondary coil = 1.5 A// 1
(c)(ii) VsIs=VpIp
(36) = (240)Ip 1
Current in the primary coil = 0.15A 1
TOTAL 7
5(a) The quantity of heat energy required to increase the temperature of 1 kg of 1
the substance by 1º or 1 K
(b)(i) The temperature of the soup in the metal pot is higher than the temperature 1
of the soup in the clay pot.
(b)(ii) The specific heat capacity of the metal pot is lower than the specific heat 1
capacity of the clay pot.

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(b) An object with a lower value of specific heat capacity will 1


(iii) increase temperature faster when heated by same amount of energy.
The pot that has a lower specific heat capacity requires less heat to 1
increase the temperature.
(b)(iv) The lower the specific heat capacity, the higher the increase in 1
temperature.
(c)(i) The temperature of the soup in the metal pot is lower than the temperature 1
of the soup in the clay pot after 5 minutes move away from the burner.
(c)(ii) An object with a lower value of specific heat capacity cools faster due to 1
its lower amount of heat stored.
TOTAL 8
6(a)(i) Contact area Diagram 6.1 smaller than Diagram 6.2 1
(ii) Weight in Diagram 6.1 = Weight in Diagram 6.2 1
(b) Vehicle 6.2. 1
Contact area is larger. 1
(c) Preasure 1
(d)(i) 10000 500 1
:
4 xA 2 xA

10 : 1 1
(d)(ii) When the air preasure is the wheel lower, the contact area is larger so the 1
preasure on the ground is smaller
TOTAL 8
7(a)(i) Reflection 1
(ii) 1 000 Hz 1
(iii) Less 1
(iv) Less energy 1
(b) The building reflects sound 1
The interval time is shorter 1
(c)(i) 5 cm x 1 ms/cm 1
5 ms 1
(c)(ii) Show on the graph 1
From graph, T = 0.05 s, d = 1.7 m 1
TOTAL 10
8(a) It releases 1000 J of energy per second when 240 V is supplied to it 1
(b) (i) P
Replacement into the formula I =
V
1000 1
I=
240

Answer with correct unit


= 4.167 A 1
(b) (ii) Calculating number of unit 1
E = Pt
1000 30
= X X 30 // 15 units
1000 60

Cost = 15 X 0.23 // RM 3.27 1


(c)(i) Calculate the energy by using E = VIt

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P : 240 X 6 X 90 // 129 600 J 1+1


Q : 240 X 5 X 150 // 180 000 J 1
R : 240 X 4 X 120 // 115 200 J 1
(c) (ii) R 1
Uses the least energy // save energy 1
Save cost // save time 1
TOTAL 12

SECTION B

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No ANSWER MARK
9(a)(i) Mass x velocity //product of mass & velocity 1
(a)(ii) Diagram 9.1 – time for change of momentum is shorter 1
Diagram 9.2 – time for change of momentum is longer. 1
Rate of change of momentum produces impulsive force. 1
Both diagram have same impulsive force//change of momentum is same 1
Time for change of momentum is longer so the impulsive force is
smaller // vice versa 1
(a)(iii) Impulsive force 1
(b) Thai boxer 1
Without wearing boxing gloves, the time for change of momentum is 1
shorter.
The impulsive force is larger 1
(c)(i

Reinforced passenger
compartment
Crumple zone

Crumple
zone

characteristics explanation
Reinforced passenger The passenger should remain
compartment intact during a collision. It is
made of high tensile strength
steel that is able to withstand
large forces
Crumple zones Lengthen the time of collision,
These are specific points at the hence reduces the impulsive
front and back portion of the force on the bus.
car that are made to crumple
progressively
Safety belt Prevent passenger from jerking
forward when the bus stop
suddently
airbag Lengthen the time of collision
Shatter roof windscreen. Break into small pieces with
blunt edges.

Narrower at the front shape To decrease air friction


20
By high strength and high To deceases the fusibilities to
rigidity of material become dented
Maxcimum 10 marks
10 (a) Radioactivity is the spontaneous disintegration of unstable nucleus 1
accompanied by the emission of energetic particles or photons
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(b) Time elapsed for Diagram 10.1 is larger than Diagram 10.2 1
The radioactive mass for both source are the same initially 1
The radioactive mass decrease exponentially with time 1

(c) The mass for the radioactivity and fraction of radioactive is inversely 1
proportional with the time elapsed
Half-time is the time taken for the radioactive of any given sample to 1
fall to half of it’s the original value

(d)(i) 236
U ---- 232
Th + 4 He 2
92 90 2

(ii) During the alpha decay the number of proton will decreases by 2 1
the number of neutron will decrease by 2 1
(e)
Suitable of Explanation
characteristic
Choose a small amount The most penetrating radiation 1,1
of Thalium- which would be able to penetrated
201//Natrium- the patient’s body
24//Technetium-99 Produce / emit X-ray 1,1
Short half-life of a few not pose any serious health risk
days
GM tube can be as a To detect the gamma ray emitted in 1,1
detector practice
The thallium will reach Have an adequate blood supply. 1,1
those region of the body
Analysing the reading of Identify the region that is not 1,1
a gamma ray receiving enough blood.//
Higher reading means blockages
20

SECTION C
NO ANSWER MARK

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11(a) When light ray travels from optically dense medium to optically less 1
(i) dense medium and the angle of incidence is greater than the critical angel
then the light will be totally reflected
(ii) Periscope S 1
All the light is reflected into the eyes of the viewer through total 1
internal reflection.

(iii) R S

Position of mirror//position of prisms 2


Ray diagram for R and S 2
Condition: Light ray travels from optically dense medium to optically
less dense medium, or angle of incidence more than critical angle 1
(iv) v=fλ
3.0 x 108 = f(8.0 x 10-7) 1
f = 3.75 x 1014 Hz 1

(b)(i) Design Z 1
Concave mirror converges all the light to the focal point 1
(ii) Use spherical disc of concave mirror 1
so that more light is converge to the focal point, hence the intensity of 1
light is high
The kettle holder is made of iron 1
Which is a good conductor of heat. 1
(iii) No pollution 1
Renewable 1
(iv) Restriction of the weather 1
High cost 1
Need a large area
20
Difficult to stop and transfer to ac form

Question
MARKING SCHEME MARK
No
12(a) Silicon crystal is doped with pentavalent atoms 1

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A free electron is available as a charge carrier. 1

(b)(i) Bulb in Diagram 12.2 1

(b)(ii) When the potential difference supplied by the dry cell exceeds the 1
junction voltage (barrier potential), a large current flows through
the diode.
The depletion layer is narrow, and the resistance of the diode is 1
small.
Electrons in the n-type semiconductor are attracted to the positive
terminal (the holes in the p-type semiconductor are attracted to the 1
negative terminal) resulting in an electron current flow from the n-
type to the p- type semiconductor.
(c)(i) Ratio Np: Ns = 20 The smaller the ratio Np: Ns is, the 2
higher the secondary voltage// output
voltage will be.
(ii) Laminated soft iron core can be magnetized and demagnetized 2
easily // reduce energy loss
(iii) Full-wave rectification To allow current to flow in a complete 2
circuit. cycle and the same direction
(d)(i)

Diode arrangement is correct


Input wave form is correct
Output wave form is correct
(ii) To get the smoothed direct current. 1
During the forward peaks (positive half-cycles), the capacitor is 1
charged up,
energy is stored in the capacitor. 1
In between the forward peaks (negative half-cycles), the capacitor 1
releases its charge // discharges.
The energy stored in the capacitor acts as a reservoir and maintains 1
the potential difference across the load.
20

END OF MAKING SCHEME

4531/2(PP) SULIT

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