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# SULIT 4531

4531
Fizik
September
2007

## PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA

SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

## PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2007

PHYSICS

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

4531
2

## PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2007

KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

PHYSICS

PAPER MARKS
Paper 1 50
Paper 2 100
Paper 3 40
Total 190

## Jumlah markah diskalakan kepada 100%

PHYSICS
Paper 1

1 D 26 B
2 A 27 A
3 B 28 D
4 C 29 A
5 D 30 A
6 D 31 A
7 A 32 B
8 C 33 A
9 A 34 C
10 D 35 A
11 D 36 C
12 C 37 A
13 B 38 B
14 B 39 C
15 E 40 D
16 B 41 C
17 B 42 D
18 A 43 C
19 B 44 B
20 C 45 D
21 C 46 D
22 E 47 B
23 D 48 C
24 C 49 A
25 D 50 B
3
PHYSICS
Paper 2
SECTION A

Question 1
1 1 (a) 1 State the distance and its units correctly
15 m

## 1 (b) 1 State the correct physical quantity

Velocity // Speed

## 2 (c) (i) 1 Describe the correct motion

Constant / uniform velocity /speed

## (ii) 1 Describe the correct motion

Stationary / not moving / stops
4

Question 2
1 2 (a) (i) 1 State the correct type of error
Zero error / systematic error

24.0 s

## 1 (b) (i) 1 State the correct value of the period

T = 1.20 s / 1.2 s

2 (ii) 1  g  2
Correct substitution in equation l =  T

2
 4π 
10
(1.2) 2
4(3.142) 2

## 1 Answer with correct unit

0.3647 m / 0.365 m / 36.5 cm
5
4

Question 3
1 3 (a) 1 Name the correct mirror
Convex mirror

## 1 (b) 1 State one correct characteristic

Upright / diminished / smaller / virtual

3 (c) 1 Draw a parallel ray from the object that is incident along a path
parallel to the principal axis is appears to go through the focal
point
1 A radial ray that is incident through the centre of curvature, C
of the curved mirror is reflected back along the incident path
through point C
1 Determine the correct position of the image
1 (d) 1 Describe the advantage correctly
To increase the field of vision
6

Question 4
1 4 (a) 1 Name the type of transistor correctly
Transistor NPN

## 1 (b) (i) 1 Showing the correct relationship between IB, IC and IE

IB + IC = IE
2 (ii) 1 Correct substitution
V2 R2
=
6 R2 + 1500
R2= 750 Ω
2 (c) (i) 1 State the correct answer
The bulb will not light up
1 State the correct reason
Resistance R2 is small // V2 is small
1 (ii) 1 Give one of the uses correctly
Current amplifier
7
5

Question 5
1 5 (a) 1 State the meaning of impulse correctly
Change in momentum

## 1 (b) (i) 1 State the correct comparison of the force

Force on the egg in Diagram 5.2 is larger
1 (b) (ii) 1 State the comparison in the time of impact correctly
Time of impact for Surface A is longer / vice versa
1 (iii) 1 State the comparison in change in momentum correctly
The change in momentum is the same
1 (iv) 1 State the relationship between the time of impact and the force
produced in a collision correctly
The time of impact is inversely proportional to the force produced in
a collision
1 (v) 1 State one suggestion correctly
Sponge / carpet / towel / cloth / grass or any other acceptable
materials
2 (c) 1 State the time taken for impact correctly
The time taken during the impact is small/short
1 State the impulsive force produced on the pile correctly
The impulsive force produced on the pile during impact is large
8

Question 6
1 6(a) 1 State the meaning of induced current correctly
The current that induced by electromagnetic inductions when the
circuit is complete//The current that can be produced without any
electrical supply/source
2 (b) (i) 2 Label the polarity of each solenoid correctly
1 X: N
2 Y: S
2 (ii) 2 Label the direction of motion of each magnet correctly
Diagram 6.1 bar magnet towards the solenoid
Diagram 6.2 bar magnet away from the solenoid
2 (c) (i) 2 State the effect of the polarity at the end of the solenoid on the
motion of the bar magnet correctly
1 When the bar magnet is pushed towards the solenoid, the end of
the solenoid facing the bar magnet has the same polarity as the
bar magnet
2 When the bar magnet is pulled away from solenoid, the end of
the solenoid facing the bar magnet has the opposite polarity as
the bar magnet
1 (ii) 1 Name the law correctly
Lenz’s Law

## 1 (d) 1 Correct suggestion

Increase the speed of bar magnet/increase the number of turns of the
solenoid/use a stronger magnet
8
6
Question 7
1 7 (a) 1 State the meaning of specific latent heat of fusion correctly
Quantity of heat required to change 1 kg of a substance from solid to
liquid without any change in temperature
1 (b) (i) 1 State the correct cup of coffee
Cup B
2 (ii) 1 State the explanation correctly
The ice is exposed to the surroundings
1 State the explanation correctly
The ice absorb heat from the surroundings
2 (c) 1 Shows a correct substitution
Heat released = 0.2 x 4500 x (75.5 - 25)
45450 J
3 (d) (i) 1 Shows the expression correctly
mi x 3.36 x 105 + mi x 4200 (25 – 0)
1 Shows the correct substitution
mi x 3.36 x 105 + mi x 4200 (25 – 0) = 45450
0.103 kg
1 (ii) 1 State the assumption correctly
No heat loss from the coffee to surroundings
10

Question 8
1 8 (a) 1 State the type of wave correctly
Electromagnetic waves/transverse waves
1 (b) (i) 1 Name the phenomenon correctly
Diffraction
2 (ii) 2 Name the two factors correctly
1 Wavelength
2 Width separation
4 (c) 1 Shows a correct substitution
3.0 x 108 = 50 x 106 x λ // 3.0 x 108 = 500 x 106 x λ //
3.0 x 108 = 5 x 109 x λ
1 6m
2 0.6 m // 60 cm
3 0.06 m // 6 cm
2 (d) 2 State the most suitable radio frequency and correct explanation
1 50 MHz
2 wavelength > width separation
2 (e) 1 Name the wave correctly
Microwave
1 Give the reason correctly
Higher frequency//not easy to be diffraction//higher penetrating
power
12
7
SECTION B
Question 9
1 9 (a) 1 State the meaning correctly
Force exerted per unit area
5 (b) 1 Compare the depth correctly
The depth of the water in Diagram 9.1 is higher than that in Diagram
9.2
2 Compare the rate of water spurt out correctly
The water spurts out in Diagram 9.1 is at a higher rate than that in
Diagram 9.2
3 Compare the distance which the water spurts out correctly
The water spurts out further in Diagram 9.1 than that in Diagram 9.2
4 Relate the depth of water spurt with the distance of water
correctly
The deeper the water, the further the distance of water spurt
5 Relate the depth of water with the pressure of water correctly
The deeper the water, the higher the pressure of the water
2 (c) (i) 1 Relate the pressure with the depth of water correctly
The pressure of water increases with the depth of the water
2 Relate the changes of volume of air bubble with the depth of
water correctly
The bubble expands upon reaching the surface of the water//The
volume of air bubble increases as the depth of water decreases
2 (ii) 1 Relate the buoyant force with the volume of air bubble correctly
Buoyant force increases as the volume of the bubble increases
2 State the motion of the air bubble correctly
The air bubble moving with increasing acceleration
2 (d) (i) 1 State the choice of the dam correctly
Diagram 9.3
2 State the correctly explanation
The weight of the dam is supported by the force exerted by the water
2 (ii) Give two of the uses correctly
1 Water in the dam can be filtered and chlorinated to be uses as public
water supply
2 To drive turbines for the generation of hydroelectricity//
For irrigation//Recreation centre

## 6 (iii) Give 3 suggestions correctly

Give 3 suitable explanations correctly
20
8

Suggestion Explanation
Thicker wall at the base To withstand greater pressure at the bottom as the
pressure increases with depth
The wall is constructed using To avoid the wall from breaking / To increase the
stronger materials / Using reinforce strength of the wall / To avoid leaking
concrete
Equipped with the water overflow To avoid flooding / To channel away the overflow water
system

Question 10
1 10 (a) 1 State the meaning correctly
The spontaneous disintegration of an unstable nucleus accompanied
by emission of energetic particles
2 (b) (i) 1 State the time taken for the activity of source A to become half
correctly
The time taken for the activity of A to be half its original value is
constant (5 hrs)
2 State the time taken for the activity of source B to become half
correctly
The time taken for the activity of B to be half its original value is
constant (100 s)
1 (ii) 1 Compare the time taken between the sources correctly
This time is different for different substances
1 (iii) 1 State the common characteristic for the time taken
The time taken for the activity to become half its initial value is
constant
1 (iv) 1 Name the time correctly
Half-life
4 (c) 1 State the meaning for nuclear fission correctly
The splitting of a heavy nucleus into two lighter nuclei
2 State the meaning for nuclear fusion correctly
the combining of two lighter nuclei to form a heavy nucleus
3 State there is a mass defect after reaction
The resulting nucleus (nuclei) formed has a smaller mass than the
original nucleus (nuclei)
4 State energy released due to mass defect
The mass defect caused energy to be released (resulting in a more
stable nucleus (nuclei))
9

Question 10 (continued)
4 (d) 1 State that the radioactive substance is mixed with water
Put a radioactive substance into the water and let the water flow to the
location of the leak
2 State the use of detector to detect the radioactive rays correctly
After some time use a radiation detector above the ground to detect
the location of increased activity
3 State the location of the detector correctly when there is an
increasing activity
This position is the location of the leak
4 State the explanation correctly
The radioactive substance would flow out together with the water and
remained outside the pipe
6 (iii) Give 3 suggestions correctly
Give 3 suitable explanations correctly
20

Suggestion Explanation
The half-life should be a few days This allows for the location to be detected and
long thereafter the radioactive contamination is reduced
The source should emit γ particles This allows the radiation to be able to be detected
above the ground
The detector should be able to detect High ionising particles like α and β particles are
γ particles (low ionising particles) absorbed by the ground
10

SECTION C
Question 11
1 11(a) (i) 1 State the equation correctly
speed of light in vacuum
refractive index =
speed of light in the mediujm
4 (ii) 1 Diagram shows a curved optical fibre (with outer and internal
layer) with at least two total internal reflection
2 State the relationship of the refractive index correctly
The refractive index of the internal layer of the optical fibre is
greater than the external layer or air
3 State that the angle of incidence is greater than the critical angle
Angle of incidence, i > critical angle, c
4 State the correct phenomenon occur
Total internal reflection occur
10 (iii) States a suitable refractive index and reason
1 High refractive index
2 Total internal reflection can occur easily
State a suitable % of light energy absorbed and reason
3 Small amount of light energy being absorbed by the material
4 The object under observation can be seen clearly // more light can be
transmitted
State a suitable rigidity of the material and reason
5 Material with weak rigidity
6 The optical fibre can be bent easily
State a suitable strength of the material and reason
7 Material with strong strength
8 The optical fibre can last longer/not easily spoil
Choose the most suitable material and justify the choice
9 Material R
10 High refractive index, low % of light energy absorbed, weak rigidity
and strong strength
4 (b) (i) 1 State the comparison correctly
The coin appear bigger when seen by observer B
2 State the reason correctly
The coin is nearer to the observer B
(ii) 3 Making a correct substitution
4 16
=
3 x
12 cm
11

Question 11 (continued)
1 (c) 1 State a suggestion correctly
20

Question 12
1 12(a) (i) 1 Diagram shows the connection correctly
Three resistors are connected one after another
4 (ii) 1 State the current through each appliance correctly
The current through each electrical appliance is higher//The bulbs in
the parallel circuit light up brighter compared to the same bulbs in
series circuit// Effective resistance is much smaller when connected
in parallel circuit
2 State that each electrical appliance is independent of the other
If any devices/components broke down, others can still be used
3 State the installation of circuit breaker
The circuit breaker / fuse can be connected to each path for safety
4 State that the electrical appliances can be operated separately
Only certain devices that are not in used can be switched off. The
current can still flow through the other path
10 (b) State a suitable power and reason
1 Low power lamp
2 Safe cost//electric bill
State a suitable efficiency and reason
3 High efficiency
4 The room looks brighter//high output power//less power wastage
State a suitable life span and reason
5 Long life span
6 No need to replace often
State a suitable price and reason
7 Low price
8 Save money/cost
Choose the most suitable lamp and justify the choice
9 Long fluorescent
10 Low power with highest efficiency, long hours of life span and
medium price
12

Question 12 (continued)
5 (c) (i) 1 Correct answer with unit
3.3 Ω //3.33 Ω
2 Making a correct substitution
9=Ix5
1.8 A
4 Making a correct substitution

92
// (0.9)2 x 10
10
5 Making a correct substitution
8.1 W
20
13

PHYSICS
Paper 3

SECTION A

Question 1
1 1 (a) (i) 1 State the correct manipulated variable
Length / L/
1 (ii) 1 State the correct responding variable
Resistance / R // Potential difference / V // Current / I
1 (iii) 1 State one fixed variable
Diameter of the wire // Cross-sectional area of the wire // Type of
wire
1 (b) 1 State the correct use of the mirror
Reduce parallax error
5 (c) 5 Tabulate L, I, V and R correctly

## Give a tick () based on the following:

A  Columns L, I, V and R 
B  Correct units for I, V and R 
C  All values of I correct 
D  All values of I consistent to 2 d.p. 
E  All values of V correct 
F  All values of V consistent to 1 or 2 d.p. 
G  All values of R correct 
H  All values of R consistent to 2, 3 or 4 d.p. 

## L / cm I/A V/V R/Ω

20.0 0.36 0.4 1.11
30.0 0.42 0.7 1.67
40.0 0.50 1.1 2.20
50.0 0.62 1.7 2.74
60.0 0.70 2.3 3.29

## Note for G : Accept e.c.f. from C and E

Marks awarded :
Number of  Marks
8 5
6-7 4
4-5 3
2-3 2
1 1
14
Total marks : 5

Question 1 (continued)
5 (d) 5 Draw correctly a graph of R against L

## Give a tick () based on the following:

A  R at the
y-axis, L at the x-axis 
B  Correct units at both axes 
C  Uniform scale at both axes 
D  5 points plotted correctly 
[Note : 3 or 4 points plotted correctly : ]
E  Best straight line 
F  Minimum size of graph 5 x 4 big squares 
(Big square : 2 cm x 2 cm)
(From the origin to the last point)

Marks awarded :
Number of  Marks
7 5
5-6  4
3-4  3
2 2
1 1

Total marks : 5

1 (e) 1 States the correct relationship based on the straight line drawn
For a straight line with positive gradient passing through the
origin,
Resistance is directly proportional to length / R directly proportional
to L / R ∝ L
For a straight line with positive gradient that does not pass
through the origin,
Resistance increases linearly with length
1 (f) 1 States one suitable precaution
Check the voltmeter for zero error and make zero adjustment //
Position of the eye such that the image of the pointer in the mirror is
blocked by the pointer to avoid parallax error
16
15

Question 2
2 2 (a) 1 States the correct value of v
28 m s–1
2 Draws the intrapolation line from t = 3.8 s to the curve and from
the curve to the v - axis
2 (b) 1 States the correct value of the terminal velocity
51 m s–1
2 Draws the line v = 51 to the v - axis
2 (c) 1 States how the acceleration initially changes with time
The acceleration decreases as time increases
2 States how the acceleration subsequently changes with time
The acceleration becomes zero
4 (d) (i) 1 Draws a tangent to the curve at t = 6 s
2 Constructs a triangle using the tangent drawn
3 Writes the correct expression for the gradient
56 −20
10 .6 −1.0

## 4 States the correct value of the gradient

3.75 m s–2
2 (ii) 1 Makes correct substitution
0.20 x 3.75
0.75 N
12
16

Section B

Question 3
1 3(a) 1 Writes a suitable inference
The object distance affects the size of the image
1 (b) 1 Writes a suitable hypothesis
The greater the object distance, the smaller the size of the image
10 (c) (i) 1 Writes the aim of the experiment
To investigate the relationship between the object distance and the
size of the image
(ii) 2 States the manipulated variable and responding variable
Manipulated variable : object distance, u
Responding variable : size of the image, H
3 States the fixed variable
Focal length of the lens / type of lens
(iii) 4 States the list of apparatus and materials
Convex lens with holder, light bulb with power supply, screen,
metre rule
(iv) 5 Draws a labeled and functional diagram of the set up of the
apparatus
Light bulb in holder connected to power supply, object in front of
bulb, convex lens in holder and screen – all in line.
(v) 6 States how the manipulated variable is controlled
The convex lens is placed at distance of, u = 15 cm from the object
7 States how the responding variable is measured
The screen is adjusted until a sharp image is formed on it. The size
of the image, H is measured with a ruler.
8 States how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of
results
The procedure is repeated with values of u = 20 cm, 25 cm, 30 cm,
35 cm and 40 cm.
(vi) 9 Constructs a table showing the suggested values of the
manipulated variable
u / cm H / cm
15
20
25
30
35
40
10 States the graph to be drawn
A graph of H against u is drawn
12
17

Question 4
1 4(a) 1 Writes a suitable inference
The current affects the strength of the magnetic field of an
electromagnet
1 (b) 1 Writes a suitable hypothesis
The greater the current, the stronger the magnetic field
10 (c) (i) 1 Writes the aim of the experiment
To investigate the relationship between the current and the strength
of the magnetic field of an electromagnet.
(ii) 2 States the manipulated variable and responding variable
Manipulated variable : current
Responding variable : strength of the magnetic field
3 States the fixed variable
The number of turns of the coil
(iii) 4 States the list of apparatus and materials
D.c. power supply, ammeter, rheostat, petri dish and retort stand
with clamp, paper clips, soft iron rod, insulated copper wire, and
connecting wires.
(iv) 5 Draws a labeled and functional diagram of the set up of the
apparatus
(v) 6 States how the manipulated variable is controlled
The current was switched on. The rheostat was adjusted to obtain a
current of 0.5 A
7 States how the responding variable is measured
The number of paper clips, N attracted to the soft iron rod was
counted
8 States how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of
results
The procedure was repeated for the values of current, I = 1.0 A, 1.5
A, 2.0 A, 2.5 A and 3.0 A
(vi) 9 Constructs a table showing the suggested values of the
manipulated variable
Current, I / A Number of pins attracted, N
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0

## 10 States the graph to be drawn

A graph of N against I is drawn
12