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9/9/2015

InterviewQuestionsElectricalEngineeringTips

Q:Differencebetweenmeggertestequipmentandcontactresistancemetertest
instruments?
A:Meggertestequipmentusedtomeasurecableelectricresistance,conductor
continuity,phaseidentificationwhereascontactresistancemetertestinstruments
usedtomeasurelowresistancelikerelays,contactors.
Q:Whenweconnectthelargecapacitorbankinseries?
A:weconnectlargecapacitorbankinseriestoimprovethevoltagepowersupplyat
theloadendinbalancedtransmissionlinewhenthereisconsiderablevoltagedrop
alongthebalancedtransmissionlineduetohighimpedanceoftheline.Soinorderto
bringthevoltageattheloadterminalswithinitslimits(i.e(+or%6)oftheratedhigh
terminalvoltage)thelargecapacitorbankisusedinseries.
Q:Whatiselectricaldiversityfactorinelectricalinstallations?
A:Electricaldiversityfactoristheratioofthesumoftheindividualmaximum
demandsofthevarioussubdivisionsofasystem,orpartofasystem,tothe
maximumdemandofthewholesystem,orpartofthesystem,underconsideration.
Electricaldiversityfactorisusuallymorethanone.
Q:Whyfieldrheostatiskeptinminimumpositionwhilearmaturerheostatat
maximumposition?
A:Inmotorsatthetimeofstartingthearmatureresistanceisintroducedtoreducethe
highstartingcurrentandthefieldresistanceiskeptminimumtohavehighstarting
torque.
Q:WhycomputerhummingsoundoccurredinHTtransmissionline?
A:Thiscomputerhummingsoundiscomingduetoionization(breakdownofairinto
chargedparticles)ofairaroundtransmissionconductor.Thiseffectiscalledas
Coronaeffect,anditisconsideredaspowerloss.
Q:Whatisratedspeed?
A:Atthetimeofmotortakingnormalcurrent(ratedcurrent)thespeedofthemotoris
calledratedspeed.Itisaspeedatwhichanysystemtakesmallcurrentandgive
maximumefficiency.
Q:Whatisdifferentbetweenresistancegroundingsystemandresistance
earthingsystem?
A:Resistancegroundingsystemmeansconnectingtheneutralpointoftheloadto
thegroundtocarrytheresidualcurrentincaseofunbalancedconditionsthroughthe
neutraltothegroundwhereasresistanceearthingsystemisdoneinanelectric
equipmentinordertoprotectheequipmentinoccurenceoffaultinthesystem.
Q:Whyshouldbethefrequency50Hz60Hzonlywhynototherslike45,9556
oranything,whyshouldwemaintainthefrequencyconstantifsowhyitis
only50Hz60Hz?
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9/9/2015

InterviewQuestionsElectricalEngineeringTips

only50Hz60Hz?
A:Wecanhavethefrequencyatanyfrequencyyoulike,butthanyoumustalso
makeyourownmotors,highvoltagetransformersoranyotherequipmentyouwantto
use.Wemaintainthefrequencyat50hzor60hzbecausetheworldmaintainsa
standardat50/60hzandtheequipmentsarearemadetooperateatthese
frequency.

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