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HITEC University

Heavy Industries Taxila Education City, Taxila Cantt.


Department of Electrical Engineering
Coulomb's Law:

Engineering Physics
Assignment

Q-1. Two equally charged particles, held 3.2mm apart, are released from rest.
The initial acceleration of the first particle is observed to be 7.22 m/s 2 and that
of second to be 9.16m/s2. If the mass of first particle is 6.31x10-7 kg. What are
(a) the mass of second particle and (b) the magnitude of the charge of each
particle?
Q-2. Two positive charges, each of 4.18C, and a negative charge of -6.36C are
fixed at the vertices of an equilateral triangle of side 13cm. Find the electrical
force on negative charge?
Q-3. In figure three charged particles lie on a straight line and are separated by
a distance d. Charge q1 and q2 are held fixed, charge q3 is free to move but
happens to be in equilibrium (no net electrostatic force on it). Find q1 in terms of
q2?

Q-4.What is the magnitude and direction of the electric field at the centre of the
square shown in figure? If Q=3.0x10-6 C and a=6.5cm.

Q-5. A disk of radius 3.7cm has a surface charge density of 7.3C/m2 on its
upper face. What is the magnitude of the electric field produced by the disk at a
point on its central axis at distance Z=17 cm from the disk?
Q-6. At what distance along the central axis of a uniformly charged plastic disk of
radius R is the magnitude of the electric field equal to one half the magnitude of
the field at the centre of the surface of the disk?
Q-7. An electric dipole, consisting of charges of magnitude 2.50nC saperated by
7.20m, is in an electric field of strength 1100 N/C. (a) What is the magnitude of
electric dipole moment? (b) What is the difference between the potential
energies corresponding to dipole orientations parallel and antiparallel to the
fields?

Q-8. An Electric dipole consist of charges +2e and -2e saperated by 0.87 nm in
an electric field strength of 4.40x106 N/C Calculate the magnitude of the torque
on the dipole, when the dipole moment is (a) parallel , (b) Perpendiculer,
(c) Antiparallel to the electric field?

Electric Flux & Gausss Law


Q-9. What is the electric flux through a sphere that has a radius of 1.00 m and
carries a charge of +1.00 C at its center?
Q-10. A spherical Gaussian surface surrounds a point charge q. Describe what
happens to the total flux through the surface if
(A) The charge is tripled,
(B) The radius of the sphere is doubled,
(C) The surface is changed to a cube, and
(D) The charge is moved to another location inside the surface.
Q-11. A 45.0-cm-diameter loop is rotated in a uniform electric field until the
position of maximum electric flux is found. The flux in this position is measured
to be 6.20 x105 Nm2/C. What is the magnitude of the electric field?
Q.12. Consider a closed triangular box resting within a horizontal electric field of
magnitude 7.80x104 N/C, as shown in Figure. Calculate the electric flux through
(a) the vertical rectangular surface, (b) the slanted surface, and (c) the entire
surface of the box.

Q-13. A point charge q is located at the center of a uniform ring having linear
charge density and radius a as shown in Figure. Determine the total electric
flux through a sphere centered at the point charge and having radius R, where
R a.

Q-14. A point charge of 12.0 C is placed at the center of a spherical shell of


radius 22.0 cm. What is the total electric flux through (a) the surface of the shell
and (b) any hemispherical surface of the shell? (c) Do the results depend on the
radius? Explain?

Q-15. A solid sphere of radius 40.0 cm has a total positive charge of 26.0 C
uniformly distributed throughout its volume. Calculate the magnitude of the
electric field (a) 0 cm,(b) 10.0 cm, (c) 40.0 cm, and (d) 60.0 cm from the center
of the sphere.

Electric Potential
Q-16. A proton is released from rest in a uniform electric field that has a
magnitude of 8.0x104 V/m. The proton undergoes a displacement of 0.50 m in
the direction of E.
(A) Find the change in electric potential between points A and B.
(B) Find the change in potential energy of the protonfield system for this
displacement.
(C) Find the speed of the proton after completing the 0.50 m displacement in
the electric field.

Q-17. A rod of length located along the x axis has a total charge Q and a
uniform linear charge density =Q/L Find the electric potential at a point P
located on the y axis a distance a from the origin as shown in figure.

Q-18.
An electric dipole consists of two charges of equal magnitude and
opposite sign separated by a distance 2a, as shown in Figure. The dipole is along
the x axis and is centered at the origin.
(A) Calculate the electric potential at point P.

(B) Calculate V and Ex at a point far from the dipole.


(C) Calculate V and Ex if point P is located anywhere
between the two charges.

Capacitors and Capacitances


Q-19. Two metal objects have net charges of +70 pC and -70 pC, which result in
a 20V potential difference between them. (a) What is capacitance of the system?
(b) If the charges are changed to +200 pC and -200 pC, What does capacitance
become? (c) What does the potential difference become?
Q-20. Four capacitors are connected as shown in Figure. (a) Find the equivalent
capacitance between points a and b. (b) Calculate the charge on each capacitor
if Vab=15.0 V.

Q-21. Consider the circuit shown in Figure, where C1 =6.00 F, C2 =3.00 F and
V=20V, and Capacitor C1 is first charged by the closing of switch S1 . Switch
S1 is then opened, and the charged capacitor is connected to the uncharged
capacitor by the closing of S2 . Calculate the initial charge acquired by C1 and
the final charge on each.

Q-22. Find out expressions for capacitances of cylindrical and spherical shaped
capacitors.?
Q-23.a. How much energy is stored in one cubic meter of air due to the electric
field of magnitude 150 V/m.
b. What capacitance is required to store an energy of 10kw.h at a potential
difference of 1000 V ?

Magnetic Force and Field:


Q-24. A particle with a charge of -2x10-7 C is moving with instantaneous velocity
V= (5.2 x 104 m/s) ax + (-7.2 x 10 4 m/s) ay. What is the force exerted on this
particle by magnetic field (a) 1.40 T ax and (b) 2 T az ?
Q-25. A group of particles is traveling in a magnetic field of unknown magnitude
and direction. You observe that a proton moving at 1.50 km/s in the +x direction
experiences a force of 2.25 X 10-16 N in the +y direction, and an electron moving
at 4.75 m/s in the -z direction experiences a force of 8.50 X 1O-16 N.
(a) What are the magnitude and direction of the magnetic field?
(b) What are the magnitude and direction of the magnetic force on an electron
moving in the -y direction at 3.2 km/s?
Q-26. A long wire carrying 4.50 A of current makes two 90 bends, as shown in
Figure. The bent part of the wire passes through a unifonn O.240 T magnetic
field directed as shown in the figure and confined to a limited region of space.
Find the magnitude of the force that the magnetic field exerts on the wire.

Q-27. The plane of a 5.0 cm X 8.0 cm rectangular loop of wire is parallel to a


0.19T magnetic field. The loop carries a current of 6.2 A. (a) What torque acts
on the loop? (b) What is the magnetic moment of the loop? (c) What is the
maximum torque that can be obtained with the same total length of wire
carrying the same current in this magnetic field?
Q-28. A straight wire caries a 1O.0-A current ABCD is a rectangle with point D in
the middle of a I.I0 mm segment of the wire and point C in the wire. Find the
magnitude and direction of the magnetic field due to this segment at (a) point A;
(b) point B; (c) point C.

Q-29. Two parallel wires are 5.00 cm apart and carry currents in opposite
directions, as shown in Figure. Find the magnitude and direction of magnetic
field at point P due to two 1.50-mm segments of wire that are opposite each
other and each 8.00 cm from P.

Q-30. Find out the strength of magnetic field at the center of a circular loop of
radius 'a' carrying current.
Q-31. A long, straight, cylindrical wire of radius R carries a current uniformly
distributed over its cross section. At what location is the magnetic field produced
by this current equal to half of its largest value? Consider points inside and
outside the wire.
Q-32. A solenoid is designed to produce a magnetic field of 0.0270 T at its
center. It has radius 1.40 cm and length 40.0 cm, and the wire can carry a
maximum current of 12.0 A. (a) What minimum number of turns per unit length
must the solenoid have? (b) What total length of wire is required?
Q-33. A wooden ring whose mean diameter is 14.0 cm is wound with a closely
spaced toroidal winding of 600 turns. Compute the magnitude of the magnetic
field at the center of the cross section of the windings when the current in the
windings is 0.650 A.
Q-34. A flat, rectangular coil consisting of 50 turns measures 25.0 cm by 30.0
cm. It is in a uniform, 1.20T, magnetic field, with the plane of the coil parallel to
the field. In 0.222 s, it is rotated so that the plane of the coil is perpendicular to
the field. (a) What is the change in the magnetic flux through the coil due to this
rotation? (b) Find the magnitude of the average emf induced in the coil during
this rotation.
Q-35. A circular loop of wire with a radius of 12.0 cm and oriented in the
horizontal xy-plane is located in a region of uniform magnetic field. A field of 1.5
T is directed along the positive z-direction, which is upward. (a) If the loop is
removed from the field region in a time interval of 2.0 ms, find the average emf
that will be induced in the wire loop during the extraction process. (b) If the coil
is viewed looking down on it from above, is the induced current in the loop
clockwise or counterclockwise?

Good Luck