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# MARKING CRITERIA MARKS

SUB TOTAL
No.
SKEMA
1.a JP TEKNIK 2007
Ratchet 1 1
1.b To prevent too much pressure being exerted on the object. 1
= 1.85 mm 1 4

## 2.a Momentum is the product of mass and velocity 1

2.b A moving skateboard 1
The momentum of a heavy lorry is zero because it is stationary.
The momentum of the skateboard is not equal to zero because it 1
is in motion.
2.c Momentum of the boy = 50 × 5 = 250 kgms-1
Hence, momentum of the girl is 250 kgms-1 1
250
The speed of the girl = = 50 ms −1 in the opposite direction.
50 1 5
3.a Nm-2 or Pascal 1

3.b The cutting edge of the sharper blade has a smaller surface area 2
and therefore creates a larger pressure

## 3.c Total area of 800 nails = 800 x 2.0 x 10-7 m2

= 1.6 x 10-4 m2 1

F
P=
A
500 N
−4 2
= 1.6 x10 m 1
= 3.125 M Nm-2

1 6

## 4.a State the meaning of refractive index correctly

Refractive index is the ratio of sin i to sin r

## a.c. supply voltage

[voltan bekalan air
a.u].

## voltan bekalan a.u. Glass block

( The refracted ray is closer to the normal compare to the water )
time

## ii Give the correct reason.

The glass block is denser than water, so the light ray is refracted more.

## c i Draw the reflected angle correctly.

Output
The total voltage
internal reflection – angle of reflection is equal to the angle of
[Voltan output].
incidence.
Voltan output
ii Give the correct reason.
The incident angle in the diamond is more than the critical angle. time

d Sin c = 1
n
SKEMA JP TEKNIK 2007 2