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Ch.

Organisms

Diseases
 Pyogenic
Diseases :

Staphylococcus aureus
2

Staphylococcus epidermidis
Staphylococcus saprophyticus

Steptococcus pyogenes

3
Streptococcus agalactiae
Viridans Streptococci

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Enterococcus :
Enterococcus faecalis

Mode(s) of Transmission
- Localized Skin Infections
 Cutaneous Infections  Post-Operative Infections  Post-Traumatic Infections
- Staphylococcal Pneumonia
- Invasive Conditions Osteomyelitis, Endocarditis & Meningitis

- Staphylococcal Food Poisoning


 ToxinMediated
- Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)
Diseases :
- Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS)
- causes infections with Prosthetic Devices & Catheters
- Urinary Tract Infections esp. in young Sexually Active Females
- Pharyngitis
- Scarlet Fever
- Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
 Impetigo (Pyoderma)
 Cellulitis & Erysipelas
- Invasive Streptococcal Infections :
 Puerperal Fever
 Acute Endocarditis
 Necrotizing Fasciitis
 Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)
- Neonatal Sepsis
Pneumonia, Septicaemia, Meningitis & Bone and Joints Infections
- Serous Infections in Adults ; in cancer & diabetic patients
- Sub-acute Bacterial Endocarditis (SBE)
- Dental Caries
- Pneumonia, Meningitis & Otitis Media
- Sinusitis & Conjunctivitis
- Endocarditis & Septic Pericarditis
- Urinary Tract Infections
- Intra-abdominal or Pelvic Wound Infections
- Bacteraemia
- Endocarditis
-Abscesses, Meningitis, Peritonitis, Osteomyelitis & Wound Infection
- Gonorrhoea
- Neonatal Conjunctivitis

Nisseria gonorrhoeae

Nisseria meningitidis
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Listeria monocytogenes
6
Gardnerella vaginalis
Erysipelothrix
Bacillus anthracis
Bacillus Cereus
7

Clostridium perfringens
Clostridium tetani
Clostridium botulinum

Clostridium difficile
Bacteroids fragilis
Fusobacterium
Propionibacterium acne
Lactobacillus odontolyticus
Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Non-Tuberculous
Mycobacterium (NTM)
Mycobacterium leprae
Escherichia coli

10

Salmonella

Klebsiella

mainly K. pneumoniae and


much less frequently K.
oxytoca
K. ozaenae
K. rhinoscleromatis
Citrobacter, Enterobacter
& Serratia
S. enteritidis
& S. typhimurium
S. typhi
& S. paratyphi A, B, C
S. choleraesuis

- Eating Contaminated Food containing Performed Toxin

- Contamination of Prosthetic Devices & Catheter


- Mechanical Introduction of Organism
- by Droplet

- by Contact
- Enter Blood bacteremia

- Enter blood stream after Tooth Extraction and


Tonsillectomy in Predisposed Patients
- by Droplet

- Endogenous Origin

- Sexual Transmission
- Direct Contact during Deliver of Infant of Infected
Mother

- Vulvovaginitis
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Disseminated Gonococcal Infection (DGI) or Gonococcaemia
- Meningitis
- by Droplet
- Diphtheria
- by Droplet
- Neonatal Meningitis
- Transplacental
- Food Poisoning
- Eating Fresh Soft Cheese or Meat Contaminated
- Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
- Endogenous Origin
- Preterm Birth, Premature Rupture of Membranes & Chorioamnionitis - Postpartum or Postabortal Fev
- Neonatal Infections
- Erysipeloid
- enters through Skin Abrasions
 Cutaneous Anthrax : by Handing Infected Material
- Anthrax
 Intestinal Anthrax : by Eating Infected Meat
 Pulmonary Anthrax : by Inhaling Spore-Laden Dust
- Food Poisoning Emetic & Diarrhoeal Forms
- Eating Contaminated Food containing Performed Toxin
- Gas Gangrene or Clostridial Myonecrosis
- Wounds Contamination with C. perfringens Spore in Soil
- Anaerobic Cellulitis
- Clostridium perfringens Food Poisoning
- Eating of Cooked Meat Stored at Inappropriate Temp.
- Tetanus
- Wounds Contaminated with C. tetanus Spore
- Ingestion of Preformed Toxin Canned without adequate
- Food-Borne Botulism
sterilization
- Infant Botulism
- Pseudomembranous Colitis
- Antibiotic Associated Diarrhoea
- Endogenous Origin
- Intra-abdominal & Soft Tissue Infections below the Diaphragm
- frequently isolated from Dental or Brain Abscesses
- with Spirochaetes Produce Fusospirochaetal Disease in Oral Cavity
- Acne Vulgaris
- Dental Caries
 Inhalation of Droplet Nuclei
- Human Tuberculosis
 Ingestion of Milk Contaminated with M. bovis
Table in Page 47 .. Vol II
- Leprosy
 Intestinal Diseases :
 Extra- Intestinal Diseases :

- Exactly Unknown ( Close, Prolonged Contact is requires )


- Diarrhoea 5 Types
- Urinary Tract Infection - Neonatal Meningitis - Pneumonia, Sepsis, Septicemia & Endotoxic Shock

- Urinary Tract Infection


- Pneumonia
- Neonatal Sepsis
- Wound & Bloodstream Infections with Focal Lesion
- Atrophic rhinitis (Ozena)
- Rhinoscleroma
- (Opportunistic Infections) .. similar to those caused by K. pneumoniae
- Salmonela Food Poisoning

- Eating Contaminated Poultry Food

- Enteric Fever or (Typhoid Fever & Paratyphoid Fever)

- Person-to-Person Transmission

- Septicaemia or Bacteraemia

Shigella [S. dysenteriae, S.


flexneri, S. boydii & S. sonnei ]
Proteus
Providencia rettgeri
Morganella morganii
Yersinia enterocolitica
& Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

11

12

- Plague

Vibrio cholerae
Aeromonas hydrophila

- Cholera
- Septicaemia or Bacteraemia

Campylobacter

Helicobacter

H. pylori
Enterohepatic
Helicobacter

14

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

15

Encapsulated Types :
Non-capsulated Types :

Haemophilus ducreyi
Haemophilus aegyptius
16

17

18

Bordetella pertussis

Brucella

Legionella

20

Borrelia

Treponema pallidum

19

22
23
24
25

 Flea-Borne from Infected Flea


 Respiratory Droplet from Cats or Humans with
Pneumonic Plague
 Direct Contact with Infected Tissuue
- Faeco-Oral Route
- Wound Infections

- Gastroenteritis

- Faeco-Oral Route
- Person-to-Person Transmission
 Campylobacter enteritis : Campylobacter Diarrhoea
- Sexually Contact in Homo-sexual Men
- Exposure to Sick Kittens
 Extera-Intestinal Infections : Reactive Arthritis, Bacteraemia, Meningitis, Pneumonia, Abortion & Acute Cholecystitis
 Guillain-Barre Syndrome : Acute Paralytic Disease
- Peptic Ulcer
- Inflammation or Malignant Transformation
 Community-acquired P. aeruginosa Infections :
- Folliculitis
- External Ear Infections
- Eye Infections - Osteomyelitis
- Endocarditis
 Nosocomial P. aeruginosa Infections :
- Respiratory Tract Infection - Urinary Tract Infection - Wound Infections & Septicaemia - Meningitis - Chronic Lung Infection
- Bacterial Meningitis & Epiglottitis
- Pericarditis, Pneumoniam Septic Arthritis, Osteomyelitis
& Facial Cellulitis
- Pneumonia & Bacteraemia
- Otitis Media & Sinusitis
- Chancroid
- Acute Mucopurulent Conjunctivitis
- Brazilian Purpuric Fever
- Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

- Brucellosis or Undulant Fever or Malta Fever

- Legionnaires Disease
- Pontiac Fever
- Venereal Syphilis
- Congenital Syphilis

- Lyme Disease
- Leptospirosis or Weils Disease (Infectious Jaundice)
- Trench Mouth: Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (ANUG)
Table in Page 94 .. Vol II

 Genital Tract Infections :


Chlamydophila pneumoniae - Atypical Pneumonia
Chlamydophila psittaci
- Psittacosis

Coxiella burnetii

- Q Fever

Rickettsia
Actinomycetes israelii
Nocardia asteroides
Malassezia furfur
Microsporum, Tricophyton
& Epidermophyton
Aspergillus fumigatus
Pneumocystis carinii
Pneumocystis jiroveci
Candida Albicans mainly
rarely C. stellatoidea or C.
krusei
Cryptococcus neoformans
Madurella mycetomatis

Table in Page 101 .. Vol II


- Actinomycosis
- Nocardiosis
- Pityriasis Versicolor

- by Droplet
 Ingestion of Unpasteurized Milk, Milk Products & Meat
from Infected Animal
 Direct Contact through Skin Abrasions & Mucous
Membrane during handling of Infected Animals
 Inhalation during handling of Brucella Cultures in the
lab.

- Sexually Transmitted Disease


- Transplacental

B. burgdorferi

 Non-Sexually
Transmitted Diseases :

- Sexually Transmitted Disease


- Contact to surface

- Inhalation of Contaminated Water Aerosols

- Louse-Borne (Epidemic) Relapsing Fever


- Tick-Borne (Epidemic) Relapsing Fever

Leptospira
Fusospirochaetal Disease
Mycoplasma

Chlamydia

- Contaminated Food or Water

B. recurrentis
B. duttoni & B. hermsii

Chlamydia trachomatis
21

- Yersiniosis

Yersinia pestis

Haemophilus
influenzae

13

 Eating Food washed by Contaminated Water


 Drinking Contaminated Water with Feces
- Urinary Tract Infection esp. by Pr. Mirabilis
- Wound Infections & Abscess Formation
- Respiratory Infections : Otitis Media & Pneumonia
- Septicaemia & Meningitis
- Urinary Tract Infection
- Wound Infections
- Burn Infections
- Urinary Tract Infection
- Wound Infections
- Diarrhoea
- Bacillary Dysentery

- Trachoma

- Blood-Feeding Arthopods

- Zoonotic Disease
- Vincents Angina
- by Fingers, Fomites & Flies
[ Mostly during Hot & Dry Climates ]
- Person-to-Person Spread
- Neonates born Vaginally to Infected Mother

- Inclusion Conjunctivitis
- Neonatal Pneumonia
- Non-Gonococcal Urethritis
- Sexually Transmitted Disease
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
- associated with Atherosclerosis, Heart Disease, Adult Asthma & Alzheimers

- Air-Borne: via Inhalation of Animal Aerosols


- Ingestion of Milk from Infected Animals
- Endogenous Origin
- by Contact

- Dermatophytes

- Direct or Indirect Contact

- Aspergillosis
- Pneumocystis in Rodents
- Pneumocystis in Human

- by Inhalation

- Candidiasis (Moniliasis)
- Cryptococcosis
- Mycetoma or Madura Foot or Maduromycosis

- by Inhalation