You are on page 1of 27

Workflow Example

Microstrip Power Splitter

Purpose:
Optimize the structure such that
the reflection is minimal at 6 GHz.
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

CST MWS - Standard Workflow


Choose a project template.
Create your model.
parameters + geometry + materials

Define ports.
Set the frequency range.
Specify boundary and symmetry conditions.
Define monitors.
Check the mesh.
Run the simulation.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Microstrip Power Splitter


11.308

5.2
0.635

Units: mm, GHz


Frequency Range: 0-8 GHz
Substrate: 11.308 mm x 5.2 mm x 0.635 mm, permittivity r=9
Height of Metallization: 0.017 mm
Chamfer Edge Width: 0.8 mm
Electric Boundaries
E-field, H-field, and Power Monitors at 6 GHz

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

New Project Template


At the beginning, choose File New to create a new project.
For an existing project you may choose File Select Template.

The project templates customize the default settings


for particular types of applications.
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Units & Background Material


Units

Background Material

Those settings have been set correctly by the project template.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Microstrip Power Splitter Construction (I)

Define a brick and define a


new material substrate.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Microstrip Power Splitter Construction (II)

Pick the midpoint of the top edge.

Align the WCS with the picked


point.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Microstrip Power Splitter Construction (III)


Define the profile of the
microstrip line.

Enter the polygon


points.

Please note that a text (ASCII) file


containing the polygon data can be
directly loaded into CST MWS.
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Microstrip Power Splitter Construction (IV)

Preview of the metallization

Final metallization

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Microstrip Power Splitter Construction (V)

Pick the
short edge.

Chamfer the
edge (chamfer
width: 0.8 mm).

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Microstrip Power Splitter Construction (VI)

Select the metallization in the


tree view.

Mirror and copy the


metallization.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Microstrip Power Splitter Construction (VII)


Pick the small faces of the metallization.

Pick faces.

Define a variable
move and set move=1.

Offset the picked faces


using the parameter "move".
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Port Definition (I)

Pick the points at the upper corner


of the metallization.
Then, pick the midpoint of the
lower edge of the substrate.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Port Definition (II)

Define port 1.
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Port Definition (III)

Pick face of the


metallization.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Port Definition (IV)

Similarly define port 3.


Define port 2.
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Set Frequency Range

Set the frequency range.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Boundary Conditions
Check boundary conditions.

Those settings have been set correctly by the project template.


CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

3D Field Monitors
Add field monitors for E-field, H-field, and power flow at 6 GHz.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Mesh View (I)


Please keep the default mesh settings.

Mesh for x-y-plane


(press
)
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Global Mesh Properties

Mesh View (II)

Mesh for x-z-plane (press

Mesh for y-z-plane (press

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Set S-Parameter Symmetries


Use S-parameter symmetry to reduce the simulation time.

Select symmetrical S-parameters and click on Set Symmetry.


CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Start the Simulation


Time Domain Solver

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Analyze 1D Results

Please note that the minimum of S11 is currently at approx. 7.8 GHz.
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Analyze 2D/3D Results

Port Information:
Mode type
Line impedance
Propagation constant
CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

E-Field & H-Field at 6 GHz

The plots can be


obtained using the
clamp to range option.

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13

Surface Currents & Power Flow at 6 GHz

CST COMPUTER SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY | www.cst.com | Feb-13