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A Semi-Detailed Lesson Plan in Grammar

Presented by:
MA. JULIE ANNE C. GAJES
I.

Objectives
After the 30-minute lesson, each student with 85% proficiency will:
a. Identify and differentiate dependent from independent clauses;
b. Discuss the different sentence structures; and
c. Construct simple, compound, complex and compound-complex sentences.

II.

Subject Matter
a. Topic:
b. References:

c. Materials:
III.

Sentence Structure
O Brien, E. (2009-2015)Grammar Revolution: Grammar the easy
way. Retrieved: September 3, 2015. Website: http://www.englishgrammar-revolution.com/sentence-structure.html
Prentice Hall Grammar and Composition (c. 2009)
Laptop, LCD projector and visual aids

Learning Tasks
A. Routine/Preparation:
1. Prayer
2. Checking of Attendance
B. Review:
Ask the students to define the parts of the sentence: subject and predicate.
C. Motivation:
Ask for two volunteers. The first volunteer is supposed to stand up holding a sentence
an independent clause. The second volunteer is going to be asked to kneel while
holding a dependent clause. The teacher then explains the difference between the two
by asking the students to visualize the student who is standing as an independent
clause, someone who can stand on its own while the student who is kneeling is going
to be visualized as a dependent clause, someone who cannot stand on its own and
who needs an independent sentence in order to express a complete thought.
D. Lesson Proper
There are four sentence structures:
1. Simple sentence
A sentence consisting of one independent clause
2. Compound sentence
A sentence which is made up of two or more independent clauses joined together
by a coordinating conjunction
3. Complex sentence
A sentence consisting of one independent clause and one or more dependent
clauses

4. Compound-complex sentence
A sentence that contains two or more independent clause and one or more
dependent clauses
E. Activity
From an excerpt of Alice in Wonderland, the students are going to be asked to
classify the sentences according to their structure.
F. Generalization
It is very important for students to learn about the different sentence structures so
that they can write grammatically correct sentences and avoid certain writing
problems such as fragments, run-on sentences and misplaced or dangling
modifiers.
G. Evaluation
Ask the students to get a one half sheet of paper (crosswise) and ask them to write
one sentence per structure about the following topics: high school life, friends and
the country.
IV.

Assignment
On a sheet of paper, write your vision of the Philippines 10 years from now. Make
sure to use all of the four sentence structures.