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Namami Gange Programme

NamamiGange Programme: Features


Union Cabinet has approved the NamamiGange programme integrating efforts
to clean and protect the Ganga in a complete way
Programme will be implemented by the National Mission for Clean
Ganga/NMCG and its state counterpart State Programme Management
Groups/SPMG
A three tier mechanismhas been proposed for monitoring the programme
comprising:

1.At National Level:


High level task force chaired by Cabinet Secretary assisted by NMCG
2. At State Level:
Committee chaired by Chief Secretary assisted by SPMG at state level
3. At District Level:
District committee chaired by DM
Centre will provide 100% funding of activities/projects under this
programme
Centre will provide assets operation and maintenance for a minimum of
1 decade and use a PPP/SPV method for combating pollution hotspots
Centre also plans to establish a territorial army unit called 4-Battalion
Ganga Eco-Task Force for checking pollution and river protection
Programme emphasises coordinated mechanisms between ministries
/agencies of central and state government; other infrastructure
investments falling in mandate of other ministries will also be included
NamamiGange focuses on pollution elimination interventions through:
Interception, diversion and treatment of waste water flowing
through open drains through appropriate in-situ treatment, bioremediation, innovative technologies. sewage/STPs and effluent

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Namami Gange Programme


treatment plants and rehab as well as augmentation of existing
STPs
Approach is underpinned by socio-economic benefitssuch as
-Job Creation
- Enhanced livelihood opportunities
- Apart from this, there will also be health benefits
Facts and Stats
Programme has budget outlay of INR 20,000 crore for the
coming 5 years
This is a four fold increase in expenditure in the past 3 decades
This programme involves giving people on the river banks the
right to sustainable results
State and grass root level institutions such as Panchayati Raj and
Urban Local Bodies are also involved in the programme

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Namami Gange Programme


More About -NamamiGange Programme

Cabinet approved the flagship NamamiGange programme to clean and protect


the Ganga, incorporating significant new funding and implementation
elements. ShyamlalYadav outlines the national effort to clean the holy river,
its history, and what has changed.

FOCUSSED
Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar, Mahananda, Chambal, Beehar, Khan,
Shipra, Betwa, Ramganga and Mandakini have been moved to a new
Ministry NRCP.
NRCP had 42 rivers and 195 towns in 20 states under it.
NamamiGange is 100% centrally funded. The intention is to ramp up
progress of the Ganga clean-up mission, the government has said in a release.

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Namami Gange Programme

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Namami Gange Programme


47 TOWNS, 12 RIVERS
Covered under the project in 8 states.
Dept of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation proposes to make 1,632
gram panchayats by the Ganga open defecation-free by 2022, at a cost of
Rs 1,700 cr (central share).
Several ministries such as Environment, Shipping, Urban Development,
Tourism, Rural Development have been working with the nodal Water
Resources Ministry to undertake projects.
PEOPLE-CENTRED
According to the government, a major change in implementation from
earlier efforts will lie in the focus on involving people living on the
rivers banks.
States and grassroots institutions such as Urban Local Bodies and
Panchayati Raj institutions will be involved by implementing agency
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) and its state counterparts,
State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs)
POLLUTION FOCUS
1.Pollution abatement interventions:
Interception, diversion, treatment of waste water in drains through bioremediation/ in-situ treatment/use of innovative technologies/sewage
treatment plants/effluent treatment plants; immediate measures to arrest
inflow of sewage; PPP/SPV approach for pollution hotspots; 4-battalion
Territorial Army Ganga Eco-Task Force; possible new laws
2.Alarming levels of pollution:
A river is considered polluted when the Bio-Chemical Oxygen Demand
(BoD) level rises above 2mg/l.

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Namami Gange Programme


A recent Central Pollution Control Board report says about 2,300 km of
NamamiGange rivers are polluted, including 550 km of Ganga, 667 km
of Yamuna, 250 km of Gomti.
Some 12,363 km of Indias 275 prominent rivers (including
NamamiGange rivers) are polluted

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Namami Gange Programme


WHAT ABOUT OTHER RIVERS?
Rs 1,500 cr were provisioned for NRCP in the 12th Plan, but only Rs
388.38 cr were provided in the first three years.
For 2015-16, projected requirement for rivers other than Ganga and its
tributaries was Rs 295 cr; only Rs 40 cr have been provided.
Environment Minister PrakashJavadekar has been seeking funds
unsuccessfully for a pollution control project for the Mula-Mutha in
Maharashtra.
ARs 444 cr project for the Sabarmati was sanctioned last year, but no
money has been released yet.

HISTORY OF UNDERACHIEVING
Ganga Action Plan Ph I & II:
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi launched Phase I in 1985, covering 25
Ganga towns in three states; Rs 862.59 crorewere spent. Phase II
covered 59 towns in five states; Rs 505.31 cr were spent.
Rivers such as Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar, Mahananda had separate
action plans. No results were visible.
UPA governments NGRBA effort:
The lack of tangible results from earlier efforts prompted the setting
up of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) by
Manmohan Singhs government, focused on a basin-specific
approach. 43 towns were covered in five states; Rs 1,027 crorewere
spent until March 31, 2015.
The Ganga Basin
The largest river basin in India in terms of catchment area, which constitutes
26% of the countrys land mass and supports about 43% of its population. The
basin is spread over 11 states.

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