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ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb.

17-21) 2014

A list of software that can assist in design of mechine elements. You are encouraged to do a
research and evaluate them.
(1) MITCALC (www.mitcalc.com)
Excel integrated. It includes design package for gear, shaft, bolt, spring, bearing, etc.
Interface is not very attractive.
(2) AutoCAD Inventor (Design accelerator)
It is used to be called mechsoft, which was bought by Autodesk. You can register and
download AutoCad Inventor from http://students.autodesk.com/ for free.
The design accelerator has built in design equations for different machine elements.
(3) Solidworks (Tool library)
A very complete parts library including bearings, gears, bolts. You need to design your
(4) KISSsoft (www.kissosft.ch)
An European software works for gear, shaft, bearing, springs, belts with good interface.

(5) MDSolids
Very useful for studying mechanics of material.
(6) Power Gear (www.gear-doc.com)
For gear only; for spur and helical gear only. It contains a super set of AGMA standard

@Dr. Yang Cao

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ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

Example: How to Model a Spur Gear in Solidworks?

Diametral pitch,

Number of teeth,

Pressure angle,

= 2;
= 18;
= 20

We can find the followings:

Pitch diameter:

= 9 in

Base circle diameter,



Addendum circle diameter, or outer circle diameter,

Dedendum circle diameter, or root circle diameter,


(This circle may not be necessary, but I keep it here for reference) Diameter of the

= (9) cos 20 = 8.4572 in

= 0.5 in; Dedendum,

= 0.625 in
+ 2 = 10in
2 = 7.75in

clearance circle, 7.75 + 0.25 = 8 in.

Step 1: Sketch the addendum circle and extrude to get the gear body. Use face width of 2 inches
Step 2: Create involute tooth profile. Under the same sketch,
Tools->Sketch Entities->Equation Driven Curves->Choose parametric equation
The parametric equation of the involute curve is

@Dr. Yang Cao

= cos +

sin = (cos + sin )

= sin

cos = (sin cos )

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ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

This will start the involute curve from point

If we would like to start the involute from point






then the parametric equation is

+ sin



or is the radius of base circle.

If we would like to start the involute from point

and direction of the involute as shown,

then the parametric equation is

= (cos( ) sin( ))
= (sin( ) + cos( ))
Unit for

needs to be in radian when entering the expression in Solidworks.

Note that we can use the base circle diameter dimension in the
expression to drive the involute. This way, the invlute will be
updated once the base circle diameter is changed.

@Dr. Yang Cao

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ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

We can also generate the involute curve starting anywhere on the base circle. Since we
know the number of teeth, thus we know how much angle corresponds to circular pitch
or circular pitch along base circle, which is

= 20. Since tooth thickness is the

same as width of space, we have four equally distributed angle along the circular pitch,
= 5. As illustrated in the following diagram,

can be found to be

(If you are interested in how

rad = 0.854 deg

is obtained, please come to me)



Pitch circle
Base circle


@Dr. Yang Cao

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ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

Here are the expression for creating the following two involute curves.
For inv1 we can use
X(t) = "D2@Sketch2"*0.5*(cos(t)+t*sin(t))
Y(t) = "D2@Sketch2"*0.5*(sin(t)-t*cos(t))

For inv2 we can use

X(t) = "D2@Sketch2"*0.5*(cos(-t-2*"D4@Sketch2"*pi/180)-t*sin(-t-2*"D4@Sketch2"*pi/180))
Y(t) = "D2@Sketch2"*0.5*(sin(-t-2*"D4@Sketch2"*pi/180)+t*cos(-t-2*"D4@Sketch2"*pi/180))

Note that D2@Sketch2 is the dimension for base circle diameter. D4@Sketch2 is for

Step 3: Create profile for the width of space.

Under the same sketch, Trim off unecassary curves and lines to keep onely the profile of the
width of space (you need to keep the radial line between base circle and dedendum circle.)

Check and finish this sketch

@Dr. Yang Cao

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ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

Step 4: Create the Extruded Cut using the width of space profile.
Click on Extruded Cut feature and select the sketch 2 which is the sketch we just finished.
This should give us following.

Step 5: fillet the bottom edge. Fillet radius should be smaller than the clearance .

Step 6: Do a circular pattern for both the extruded cut and the fillet features. Enter the number of
instance as 18.

Now we get a precise involute profile spur gear.

@Dr. Yang Cao

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ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

@Dr. Yang Cao

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