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# ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb.

17-21) 2014

A list of software that can assist in design of mechine elements. You are encouraged to do a
research and evaluate them.
(1) MITCALC (www.mitcalc.com)
Excel integrated. It includes design package for gear, shaft, bolt, spring, bearing, etc.
Interface is not very attractive.
(2) AutoCAD Inventor (Design accelerator)
It is used to be called mechsoft, which was bought by Autodesk. You can register and
The design accelerator has built in design equations for different machine elements.
(3) Solidworks (Tool library)
A very complete parts library including bearings, gears, bolts. You need to design your
shaft.
(4) KISSsoft (www.kissosft.ch)
An European software works for gear, shaft, bearing, springs, belts with good interface.

(5) MDSolids
Very useful for studying mechanics of material.
(6) Power Gear (www.gear-doc.com)
For gear only; for spur and helical gear only. It contains a super set of AGMA standard
2001.

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## ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

Example: How to Model a Spur Gear in Solidworks?
Given:

Diametral pitch,

Number of teeth,

Pressure angle,

= 2;
= 18;
= 20

Pitch diameter:

= 9 in

cos

## Dedendum circle diameter, or root circle diameter,

Clearance,

(This circle may not be necessary, but I keep it here for reference) Diameter of the

= 0.625 in
+ 2 = 10in
2 = 7.75in

## clearance circle, 7.75 + 0.25 = 8 in.

Step 1: Sketch the addendum circle and extrude to get the gear body. Use face width of 2 inches
Step 2: Create involute tooth profile. Under the same sketch,
Tools->Sketch Entities->Equation Driven Curves->Choose parametric equation
The parametric equation of the involute curve is

= cos +

= sin

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## ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

This will start the involute curve from point

Set

cos

cos

sin

2
2

+ sin

cos

2
2

## then the parametric equation is

= (cos( ) sin( ))
= (sin( ) + cos( ))
Unit for

## needs to be in radian when entering the expression in Solidworks.

Note that we can use the base circle diameter dimension in the
expression to drive the involute. This way, the invlute will be
updated once the base circle diameter is changed.

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## ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

We can also generate the involute curve starting anywhere on the base circle. Since we
know the number of teeth, thus we know how much angle corresponds to circular pitch
or circular pitch along base circle, which is

## = 20. Since tooth thickness is the

same as width of space, we have four equally distributed angle along the circular pitch,
= 5. As illustrated in the following diagram,

can be found to be

Center
Line
Inv1

Inv2

Pitch circle
Base circle
360
360
4

Line

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## ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

Here are the expression for creating the following two involute curves.
For inv1 we can use
X(t) = "D2@Sketch2"*0.5*(cos(t)+t*sin(t))
Y(t) = "D2@Sketch2"*0.5*(sin(t)-t*cos(t))

## For inv2 we can use

X(t) = "D2@Sketch2"*0.5*(cos(-t-2*"D4@Sketch2"*pi/180)-t*sin(-t-2*"D4@Sketch2"*pi/180))
Y(t) = "D2@Sketch2"*0.5*(sin(-t-2*"D4@Sketch2"*pi/180)+t*cos(-t-2*"D4@Sketch2"*pi/180))

Note that D2@Sketch2 is the dimension for base circle diameter. D4@Sketch2 is for
.

## Step 3: Create profile for the width of space.

Under the same sketch, Trim off unecassary curves and lines to keep onely the profile of the
width of space (you need to keep the radial line between base circle and dedendum circle.)

@Dr. Yang Cao

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## ENGR380 Tutorial #6 (Feb. 17-21) 2014

Step 4: Create the Extruded Cut using the width of space profile.
Click on Extruded Cut feature and select the sketch 2 which is the sketch we just finished.
This should give us following.

Step 5: fillet the bottom edge. Fillet radius should be smaller than the clearance .

Step 6: Do a circular pattern for both the extruded cut and the fillet features. Enter the number of
instance as 18.

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