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OILFIELD PRODUCTS GROUP

Useful Formulas

Belt Length
Formula:

Strokes per Minute

PL = 2CD + 1.57(D + d) +

Formula:

Example:

RPM d
SPM =

R
D

1170 12
SPM =

= 9.9
30.12 47

Where:

RPM
R
d
D

=
=
=
=

P.O. Box 849 (Hwy 69S & FM 326)


Lufkin, Texas 75902-0849
Phone: 936/637-5437
Fax: 936/633-3563
www.lufkin.com

ARTIFICIAL LIFT NOMENCLATURE


AND APPLICATION FORMULAS

1170 Revolutions per minute of prime mover


30.12 (320D Gear Reducer)
12" Pitch Diameter of Prime Mover Sheave
47" Pitch Diameter of Gear Reducer Sheave

(D - d)

4 CD

Example:

PL = 2 66.21 + 1.57(47 + 14.5) +


Where:

(47 - 14.5)

4 66.21

= 232.96 inches

CD = 66.21 inch Center Distance of Shafts


D = 47 inch Pitch Diameter of Gear Reducer Sheave
d = 14.5 inch Pitch Diameter of Prime Mover Sheave

Use nearest belt size available depending on type of sheaves selected.


Prime Mover Sheave Diameter
Formula:

d=

Example:

SPM R D
RPM

Where:

SPM
R
D
RPM

=
=
=
=

d=

12 30.12 47
= 14.5 inches
1170

12 Strokes per Minute


30.12 Ratio (320D Gear Reducer)
47" Pitch Diameter of Gear Reducer Sheave
1170 Revolutions per Minute of Prime Mover

Use nearest size available depending upon belt section and number of
grooves in sheave.

Horsepower of Prime Mover (these values are approximate)


Formula A:

Formula B:

BPD Depth
HP =
56000

HP =

Example: Assumes high slip (Nema D) motor.

HP =

217 5600
= 21.7 (use 25 HP motor)
56000

Where:
Belt Velocity
Formula:

v=

p d RPM
12

Where:

v=

BPD Depth
45000

BPD = 217 @ 100% pump efficiency


Depth = 5600 feet, pump setting

Example:

Formula A: for high slip (Nema D) electric motors and slow speed engines.
Formula B: for normal slip electric motors and multi-cylinder engines.

3.1416 14.5 1170


= 4441 FPM
12

Multiply HP by 0.8 for Mark II units.

d = 14.5 inch Pitch Diameter


RPM = 1170 Revolutions per minute of Prime Mover

Maximum Strokes per Minute (based on the free fall speed of the rod)

Limit between 2000 and 5000 feet per min. (FPM)

Formula:

Belt Velocity less than 2000 FPM results in poor belt life. Belt Velocity
greater than 5000 FPM requires dynamically balanced sheaves.

Conventional Units:

Center Distance
Formula:

Air Balanced Units:

Mark II Units:

Example: Assumes a C-320D-256-100 Conventional Unit.

SPM = .7

60000
L

SPM = .7

60000
= 17.15 SPM Maximum
100

SPM = .63

60000
L

SPM = .56

60000
L

Also:
2

V
CD = U + + ( AB - b)

VV
UU +
+ ( AA - b)

Example: Assumes Hi-Prime Electric Motor Driven C-320D-256-100 Conventional Unit


2

33.25
CD = 31 +
+ ( 54 - 8)

Where:

UU
VV
AA
b

=
=
=
=

= 66.21 inches

31 (see General Dimensions)


33.25 (see General Dimensions)
54 (see General Dimensions)
8 (assume 25 HP, Frame 324T Motor)

Definition of Symbols Used


SPM = Strokes per Minute
RPM = Revolutions per Minute of
Prime Mover
FPM = Feet per Minute
R = Gear Reducer Ratio
D = Gear Reducer Sheave Pitch
Diameter, inches
d = Prime Mover Sheave Pitch
Diameter, inches
v = Belt Velocity, Feet per Minute
= 3.1416 (Pi)
PL = Belt Pitch Length, inches
CD = Shaft Center Distance, inches
U = see General Dimensions

V
AB
UU
VV
AA
b

=
=
=
=
=
=

HP =
BPD =
Depth =
L =

see General Dimensions


see General Dimensions
see General Dimensions
see General Dimensions
see General Dimensions
Prime Mover Backing (vertical
distance from mounting feet to
center of shaft), inches
Horsepower
Barrels per Day at 100% Pump
Efficiency
Pump Setting, feet
Stroke Length, inches