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R&TPO-rrr QWI3

Date: 05/01/04 issue


5

Welding Inspection
General Theory Paper QWI-3
Name:

Multichoice marks:

Date:

Result:
30

x 100 =

1. How do you convert psi to N/mm?


a.
b.
c.
d.

145
X 25.4
X 145
0.707

2. What is the UTS value of a material?


a.
b.
c.
d.

The fracture point of a material.


The maximum load a specimen can withstand
The proof stress of a material.
Both a and b

3. What is the purpose of a Charpy test?


a.
b.
c.
d.

To measure the ductility of a material


To test the materials ultimate tensile of a material
To test the notch toughness of a material
To measure the materials resistance to fatigue failure

4. What is the purpose of the Vickers hardness test?


a.
b.
c.
d.

To measure impact toughness


To measure ductility
To measure hardness
All of the above

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R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

5. Which of the following NDT methods would not be effective on a butt weld
made from austenitic stainless steel?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Dye Penetrant
Radiography
Ultrasonic
Magnetic particle

6 .A sides bent test, tests for:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Fatigue fracture strength


Lack of sidewall fusion.
Toughness values
All of the above

7. Which unit is used to express the energy absorbed by a Charpy specimen:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Joules
Newtons
Mega Pascals
Watts

8. Which mechanical test(s) can be used to make an assessment of surface


breaking defects?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Bent test
Nick break test
Macro test
All of the above

9. What is the purpose of the tensile test?


a.
b.
c.
d.

To assess ultimate tensile strength


To measure the notch toughness of the material
To test for the materials resistance to fatigue failure
All of the above

Qu Paper BG-WI-1

R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

10. What is the term used to describe the ability of a material to be drawn into
wire without fracture?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Plasticity
Ductility
Elasticity
Malleability

11. Which of the following statement is true?


a. The core wire in an MMA welding electrode has a higher melting point
than the flux covering
b. Basic electrodes are always used when porosity free welds are required
c. Rutile electrodes are generally used in situations when deep penetration is
required
d. Cellulose electrodes may deposit 40 ml of hydrogen per 100g of weld
metal
12. What is the main constituent of a rutile flux?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Cellulose
Titanium dioxide
Calcium carbonate
asbestos

13. What does the 70 represent on an E7010 AWS classified electrode?


a.
b.
c.
d.

70 N/mm minimum UTS


70 N/mm minimum impact strength
70,000 p.s.i. minimum UTS
70,000 p.s.i. minimum yield strength

14. Basic electrodes provided in standard packaging:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Should be baked prior to them being used


Under conditions, no baking required
May be used in situations were porosity free welds are specified
All of the above

Qu Paper BG-WI-1

R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

15. Sodium silicate in an MMA electrode flux:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Stabilises the arc


Forms a friable slag
Improves toughness values
All of the above

16. Which electrodes are very susceptible to porosity in the deposited welds if
long arcs are employed?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Basic
Acidic
Rutile
cellulose

17. What is the purpose of a rectifier?


a.
b.
c.
d.

To adjust the voltage


To adjust the current
To convert ac to dc
To convert dc to ac

18. A welding plant with a flat characteristic:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Will require a permanent or temporary backing strip


Has the advantage of being able to used with any diameter of electrode
Is most likely to used on electrode diameters of less than 2mm
Is most likely to used on electrode diameters greater than 2mm

19. Which of the following statement is false?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Dc electrode negative is used for the TIG welding of steel


If material is tough it is ductile
Tensile stress is a type of normal stress
Radiography does not always detect lack of sidewall fusion

Qu Paper BG-WI-1

R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

20. Shrinkage that taken place in line (parallel) to the centre line of a weld is
termed:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Transverse
Longitudinal
Hoop
Bowing

21. Which of the following are applicable to dc electrode ve when using the
MMA welding process?
a. A broad heat affected zone, a reduction in hardness and a narrow deep
fast freezing weld pool.
b. A narrow heat affected zone, fast freezing weld pool, and good penetration
properties
c. Mechanically and metallurgical no different to d.c. electrode +ve
d. A wide shallow weld pool, flat welds profile and low hardness values
22. Which shielding gas would give the best results when aluminium with the
TIG/TAG welding process?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Nitrogen
Helium
Argon
co

23. The length of weld run deposited in a given time can be abbreviated to:
a.
b.
c.
d.

LOW
WDR
WDT
ROL

24. In the MMA welding process, which type of flux covering gives the deepest
penetration?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Rutile
Acidic
Cellulosic
Basic(electrode dc positive)

Qu Paper BG-WI-1

R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

25. What does WPAR stand for?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Welder production acceptance record


Welded product account record
Weld procedure approval record
Weld process approval record

26. Which of the following best describes the elastic limit?


a. The resistance to fracture under impact loading
b. The maximum stress to which a material can be subjected without
permanent deformation
c. The amount of stress at which point the material will continue to elongate
without an increase in force applied
d. The ability if a material to stretch and become permanently deformed
without breaking or cracking
27. Which of the following shielding gas/gas mixes would you expect to use on
stainless for MAG welding?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Argon plus 25% co


Pure argon
Argon plus 5% oxygen
Pure co

28. In BS EN 499 an electrode classified as E46 3 INI B:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Minimum yield strength of 46,000 psi UTS value of 3,000 psi


UTS value of 430 to 550 N/mm, minimum yield strength of 360 N/mm
Minimum yield strength of 460N/mm,UTS value of 530 to 680 N/mm
UTS value of 460 to 580 N/mm,minimum yield strength of 440 to 570
N/mm

29. An E80 electrode would normally be classified in which standard?


a.
b.
c.
d.

BS EN 499
BS 639
AWS A5.5
AWS A5.1

Qu Paper BG-WI-1

R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

30. What is an active flux?


a. A material used it clean surfaces of the joint through continued chemical
reaction
b. A material used to protect the molten weld pool during welding
c. A material used to aid fusion
d. All of the above

Qu Paper BG-WI-1

R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

31. Which electrode will deposit weld metal of the highest ductility E38 3 1Ni B 5
4 or E45 5 1Ni B 5 4?
Explain why:

32. What are the main ingredients in the flux of an MMA Rutile rod? Describe
typical applications rods:

33. What are the main ingredients in the flux of on MMA Cellulose rod? Describe
typical applications of Cellulose rods:

34. What are the main ingredients in the flux of an MMA Basic rod? Describe
typical applications of Basic rods:

35. What is the purpose of the gauge marks if they are applied to a test
specimen? What mechanical property does this measure?

Qu Paper BG-WI-1

R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

36. With the aid a diagram explain the stress / stain curve showing the key areas.

37. Name four aspects of safety that a welding inspector should monitor.

38. Name three types of bend tests:

39. What is the definition of ductility, elasticity and brittleness?

40. What is the of an MMA weld, which has been made using iron powder
electrodes?

Qu Paper BG-WI-1

R&TPO-rrr QWI3
Date: 05/01/04 issue
5

Qu Paper BG-WI-1