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Security Level: internal use

OptiX RTN 600 Introduction

www.huawei.com

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Foreword
OptiX RTN 600 is a PDH/SDH integrated short-haul digital
microwave transmission system developed by Huawei.
The maximum microwave transmission capacity is STM-1.
The system provides the backhaul transmission link in the
mobile communication system or private network, and also
networks with optical transmission equipments.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 1

References
z

Product Description and Hardware Description in the OptiX


RTN 600 Product Manual.

Digital Microwave Communication principle

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 2

Objectives
z

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Describe the main characteristics of OptiX RTN 600.

Describe the system structure ,software and hardware structure


of OptiX RTN 600.

List the functions of boards in the IDU, ODU, Hybrid coupler.

Explain the equipment-level protection mode of OptiX RTN 600.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 3

Contents
1. Equipment Overview
2. Equipment Structure
3. Equipment Protection

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 4

Contents
1. Equipment Overview

1.1 Equipment Components

IDU

ODU

Antenna

Intermediate Frequency (IF) Cable

Hybrid coupler

1.2 Equipment Characteristics

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 5

Equipment Components
Antenna
Hybrid coupler

IF cable

ODU
IDU

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Pole

Page 6

IDU
z

Indoor unit (IDU) realizes the


mutual conversion between the
service signal and IF analog signal.
Two types of IDU are available:

IDU 610 is 1U high and supports

IDU 610

one microwave direction.

IDU 620 is 2U high and supports


maximum four microwave
directions.

IDU 620

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 7

IF Cable
z

The IF cable provides -48V power for ODU and transmits the IF signal
and ODU management signal between IDU and ODU.
Three types of IF cable in OptiX RTN 600:

IF jumper: connection between IDU and other IF cable.


1/2 inch and RG-8U (1/4 inch) cable: connection between ODU and IF
jumper.

RG-8U (1/4 inch) cable is used for the distance less than 180 meter.

1/2 inch cable is used for the distance between 180m and 300m.

IF transit jumper

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

IF cable

Page 8

ODU
z

Outdoor unit (ODU) realizes the


mutual conversion between IF analog
signal and RF signal.

ODU is irrelevant to the microwave


transmission capacity. An ODU of the
OptiX RTN 600 can support the
transmission capacity from 4 E1 to
one STM-1.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 9

Hybrid Coupler
z

When two ODUs share one antenna, the ODUs must be connected to
an RF signal coupler/ splitter (hybrid coupler). Then, the hybrid
coupler is connected to the antenna.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 10

Antenna
z

The antenna performs the


directional transmission and
reception of RF signals. The main
parameters are frequency band,
diameter and antenna gain.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 11

Equipment Characteristics
z

PDH/SDH integrated microwave transmission system.

The modulation mode and link capacity are set through software.

Microwave link supports the SNCP.

Built-in ADM provides flexible service add/drop function.

Providing the clock tracing function.

Supporting mobile FLASH card.

The boards of IDU 610 and IDU 620 are compatible each other.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 12

Questions
z

What are the components of OptiX RTN 600? What are the functions
of them? What about the connection relation among the components?

What are the characteristics of OptiX RTN 600 digital microwave


equipment?

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 13

Contents
1. Equipment Overview
2. Equipment Structure
3. Equipment Protection

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 14

Contents
z

Equipment Structure

2.1 System Diagram

2.2 Software Structure

2.3 IDU Structure and Boards

2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters

2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 15

System Diagram
z

OptiX RTN 600 is divided based on functional units. It consists of service


interface unit, cross-connection unit, IF unit, control unit, clock unit, auxiliary
interface unit, and ODU.
E1
STM-1e
STM-1o

Service
interface
unit

Antenna

Baseband
signal

Crossconnect
unit

Baseband
signal

RF
signal
IF signal
IF unit

ODU

Overhead and control bus

Order wire
External alarm
Transparent data
interface

Auxiliary
interface
unit

Clock unit

External clock
or WS signal

Control unit

Fan and
power
supply unit

NM network
port
NM serial
NM cascading
port
network port

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 16

-48V power supply

Software Structure
z

In the OptiX RTN 600, all the board


software and host software are
integrated together and run on the
SCC board.
ODU is regarded as a logical board.
The ODU board software in the SCC
board manages and controls the ODU
hardware through the management
signal between the IDU and ODU.
z

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

NM software

Host software
Board software
ODU
SCC

Page 17

Contents
z

Equipment Structure

2.1 System Diagram

2.2 Software Structure

2.3 IDU Structure and Board

2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters

2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 18

IDU Structure ( IDU 610)


z

IDU 610 is 1U high and adopts


the nature heat dissipation
mode.

Support 1+0 configuration.

Line board and tributary board

IF board

EXT

slot3

EXT

slot4

PXC

slot1

SCC

slot2

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Note: The slot numbering


rule is from bottom to up
and left to right.

Page 19

IDU Structure ( IDU 620)


z

IDU 620 is 2U high and dissipates heat


through wind cooling.

Support a maximum of 4+0


configuration or two groups of 1+1
configuration.

slot
20

EXT

slot7

EXT

slot8

EXT

slot5

EXT

slot6

PXC

slot3

EXT

slot4

PXC

slot1

SCC

slot2

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

The slot numbering


rule is the same as
OptiX RTN 610 .

Page 20

IDU Board -- IF Board IF1A


z

The IF board receives and transmits 1x IF signal. It realizes the conversion


between baseband digital signal and IF signal, it also provides -48V DC
power supply and management signal to the ODU.

IF cable interface

ODU power
supply switch

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Indicators

Page 21

IF Board -- Types
IF1B

IF1A

The -48V power is isolated

by the DC-DC power supply


module and then sent to the
ODU.

-48V power supply is

output directly to ODU.

Support the DC-C

grounding mode only.

Support DC-I and DC-C

grounding modes.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 22

IF Board -- Board Installation


z

No limitation for board installation under HSB configuration.

Only installing IF boards in paired slots under SD or FD configuration.

Recommended
installation
sequence for IF
boards
Paired Slots

Paired Slots

EXT

slot3

EXT

slot4

PXC

slot1

SCC

slot2

IDU 610
EXT

slot7

EXT

slot8

slot EXT
20
PXC

slot5

EXT

slot6

slot3

EXT

slot4

PXC

slot1

SCC

slot2

IDU 620
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 23

IF Board -- Block Diagram


ODU management signal
SMODEM unit

IF interface Combiner
interface
unit

IF
process
unit

Modem
unit

HSM switch signal

MUX /
DEMUX
unit

TUPP
unit

Crossconnect
active/
standby
unit

Control bus

Power
unit

Clock
unit

Support
loop-back
function

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Logical control
unit

Page 24

Backplane

Paired
slots

IF Board -- Receiving Signal Flow


Serial port
signal
ODU
management
analog signal

SCC board

SMODEM unit

IF interface Combiner
interface
unit

Analog IF
signal

IF
process
unit

Modem
unit

Digital IF
signal

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Baseband
digital
signal

Page 25

IF Board -- Receiving Signal Flow (Cont.)


z

When MUX/DEMUX unit works in SDH mode:


SDH RS, MS, HP overhead
and pointer processing

The first 2M
overhead signal

The second 2M overhead


signal--wayside E1
SCC
board

Modem
unit

SDH microwave
frame signal

MUX /
DEMUX
unit

Clock signal

Cross-connection
and clock board

TUPP unit
Detecting LINKID, ATPC,
and microwave RDI
information

LINK ID identifies the microwave link and is


used to distinguish different microwave links.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 26

IF Board -- Receiving Signal Flow (Cont.)


z

When MUX/DEMUX unit works in PDH mode:


Only 1x 2M
overhead
signal

Detecting the frame


header and B1 byte

SCC board

Modem
unit

PDH microwave
frame signal

MUX /
DEMUX
unit

Clock signal

Cross-connection
and clock board
TUPP unit

Detecting J0, LINKID,


ATPC and microwave
link RDI information.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

VC4 signal

Page 27

Receiving Signal Flow in HSB Mode


Bite Error or
alarm happened

Modem
unit
two signals
have the phase
difference.
MUX /
DEMUX
Unit
On
Standby
IF board

MUX / DEMUX
unit

Local board
Microwave signal

TUPP
unit

Standby board
Microwave signal

2 signals are
synchronized

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 28

IF Board -- Receiving Signal Flow (Cont.)


High-order
pointers are
aligned
VC12/VC3
service
MUX /
DEMUX
unit

TUPP unit
VC4 service

Crossconnection
active/
standby
unit

High-order pointer signal

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Active
crossconnection
board
Standby
crossconnection
board

Page 29

IF Board -- Transmitting Signal Flow


Clock fault

Clock
System clock used
by local board

Service

Active
crossconnection
clock board

VC4 signal
MUX /
DEMUX
unit

Clock
High-order pointer
signal C1J1

Service

Standby
crossconnection
clock board

Cross-connection
active/standby unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 30

IF Board -- Transmitting Signal Flow


(cont.)
z

When MUX/DEMUX unit works in SDH mode:


Process the
overhead, pointer,
and scramble.

2M overhead
SCC
board
2M overhead wayside E1

Modem
unit

SDH microwave
frame signal

Inserting LINKID, ATPC,


and microwave link RDI
information.

MUX /
DEMUX
unit

VC4 signal

High-order
pointer signal

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Crossconnection
active/
standby
unit

Page 31

IF Board -- Transmitting Signal Flow


(cont.)
z

When MUX/DEMUX unit works in PDH mode:


De-mapping TU12 and set the
PDH microwave frame overhead,
scramble, LINKID, ATPC, and
microwave link RDI information.

Modem
unit

PDH microwave
frame signal

1x 2M overhead

MUX /
DEMUX
unit

VC4 signal

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

SCC
board

Crossconnection
active/
standby
unit

Page 32

IF Board -- Transmitting Signal Flow


(cont.)
ODU
management
analog signal

Serial port
signal

IF
interface Combiner
interface
unit

-48V power
supply

SCC
board

SMODEM unit

IF
process
unit

IF analog
signal

IF digital
signal

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Modem
unit

Baseband
digital signal

Page 33

IF Board -- IF Performance
Performance

Item

4 X E1

8 X E1

16 X E1

Modulation
mode

QPSK

16QAM

QPSK

16QAM

Channel
spacing
(MHz))

3.5

13.75 /14
a

Coding
scheme

Remarks

STM-1

QPSK

16QAM

128QAM

27.5/

13.75 /14
a

27.5 / 28 b

28 b

PDH signal is coded through the Reed-Solomon (R-S).


SDH signal is coded through the Trellis-Coded Modulation (TCM) and R-S.
a: At the 18G band, the channel spacing is 13.75MHz, At other bands, the
channel spacing is 14MHz.
b: At the 18G band, the channel spacing is 27.5MHz. At other bands, the
channel spacing is 28MHz.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 34

IF Board -- IF Signal Parameters


Item

IF signal

ODU
management
signal

Performance

Transmitting frequency
(MHz)

350

Receiving frequency (MHz)

140

Impedance (ohm)

50

Modulation mode

ASK

Transmitting frequency
(MHz)

5.5

Receiving frequency (MHz)

10

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 35

IF Board -- Indicators
Indicator

STAT

SRV

LINK

Status

Meaning

On

The board is working normally

On

The board hardware is faulty.

Off
On

The board is not working, not created,


or has no input power.
The service is normal.

On

The service has a critical or major alarm.

On

The service has a minor or remote alarm.

Off

No services are configured.

On

The space link is normal.

On

The space link is faulty.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 36

IF Board -- Indicators
Indicator
ODU

BER

Status
On

The ODU is normal.

On

The ODU is faulty.

On

The microwave BER exceeds the


threshold.

Off

The microwave BER does not exceed


the threshold.

On

The remote equipment has a Remote


Defect Indication (RDI).

Off

The remote equipment has no RDI.

On

The board is in active state.

Off

The board is in standby state.

RMT

ACT

Meaning

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 37

IDU Board -- Tributary Board PH1


z

The tributary board processes multi-channel E1 signals and provides


the E1 interface.

Indicator

1-8 channel E1
DB44 interfaces

9-16 channel E1
DB44 interfaces

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 38

Tributary Board -- Types


PH1A

PO1A

PH1B

16-channel E1
interface

8-channel E1
interface

16-channel E1
interface

75 ohm

75 ohm

The board interface impedance is


selected through the jumper:

If there is a jumper, the impedance


is 75 ohm.

PO1B

120 omh

Four groups of
jumpers
determine the
impedance.

If there is no jumper, the


impedance is 120 ohm.
Front
panel

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

8-channel E1
board

Page 39

120 ohm

Tributary Board -- Board installation


Recommended
installation
sequence for TU
boards

EXT

slot3

EXT

slot4

PXC

slot1

SCC

slot2

IDU 610
EXT

slot7

EXT

slot8

slot EXT
20
PXC

slot5

EXT

slot6

slot3

PXC

slot1

EXT
SCC

slot4
slot2

IDU 620

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 40

Tributary Board -- Block Diagram


Backplane

E1
interface Tributary
interface
unit

Coding
and
decoding
unit

Mapping/
De-mapping
unit

Cross
-connect
active/
standby
unit

Control bus
Clock
unit

Support loop-back
function

Logical
control
unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 41

Tributary Board -- Indicators


Indicator

STAT

SRV

Status

Meaning

On

The board is working normally.

On

The board hardware is faulty.

Off

The board is not working, or created, or


has no input power.

On

The service is normal.

On

The service has a critical or major alarm.

On

The service has a minor or remote alarm.

Off

No services are configured.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 42

IDU Board -- Line Board SD1/SDE


z

The line board processes 1-2 channel STM-1 signal and provides
STM-1 optical or electrical interface.
LC optical
interface

SMB
electrical
interface

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 43

Line Board -- Types


SD1

Dual-port STM-1

optical interface

SL1

Single- port STM-1

optical interface

Ie-1
S-1.1
L-1.1
L-1.2
interface interface interface interface

Ie-1
S-1.1
L-1.1
L-1.2
interface interface interface interface

SDE

SLE

dual-port STM-1

electrical interface

Single-port STM-1

electrical interface

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 44

Line Board -- Board installation


Recommended
installation
sequence for LU
boards

EXT

slot3

EXT

slot4

PXC

slot1

SCC

slot2

IDU 610
EXT

slot7

EXT

slot8

slot EXT
20
PXC

slot5

EXT

slot6

slot3

PXC

slot1

EXT
SCC

slot4
slot2

IDU 620

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 45

Line Board -- Block Diagram


Backplane

Support the loop-back function

Optical
interface

O/E
converter
unit

Overhead bus

Overhead
process
unit

TUPP
unit

Crossconnect
active/
standby
unit

Control bus
Clock
unit

Logical
control
unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 46

Line Board -- Interface Parameters


Item

Performance

Nominal bit rate (kbit/s)

155520

Application code

Ie-1

S-1.1

L-1.1

L-1.2

Optical fiber type

Multimode fiber

G.652

G.652

G.652

Transmission distance (km)

0.5

15

40

80/100

Working wavelength (nm)

1260-1360

1261-1360

1263-1360

1480-1580

Average transmit optical


power (dBm)

19~14

15~8

5~0

5~0

Minimum sensitivity (dBm)

-23

-28

-34

-34

Minimum overload (dBm)

-14

-8

-10

-10

Minimum extinction ratio (dB)

8.2

8.2

10

10

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 47

Line Board -- Indicators


Indicator
STAT

SRV

LOS1
LOS2

Status

Meaning

On

The board is working normally.

On

The board hardware is faulty.

Off

The board is not working, or created, or no power supply.

On

The service is normal.

On

The service has a critical or major alarm.

On

The service has a minor or remote alarm.

Off

No services are configured.

On

No.1 opt. port on the SL1/SD1 board has a R_LOS alarm.

Off

No.1 opt. port on the SL1/SD1 board has no R_LOS alarm.

On

No.2 opt. port on the SD1 board has a R_LOS alarm.

Off

No.2 opt. port on the SD1 board has no R_LOS alarm.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 48

IDU Board -- Ethernet Board EFT4


z

EFT4 is a Ethernet transparent transmission board. It receives,


transmits and processes four-channel Ethernet signals.
Recommended
installation
sequence for EFT4
boards

EXT

slot3

EXT

slot4

PXC

slot1

SCC

slot2

IDU 610
EXT

slot7

EXT

slot8

slot EXT
20
PXC

slot5

EXT

slot6

slot3

PXC

slot1

EXT
SCC

slot4
slot2

IDU 620
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 49

Power Cross-Connection Clock Board


-- PXC
z

The PXC board realizes the cross-connection (1616 VC4) and clock
functions , it also provides the DC power for other boards.

Power input
interface

IDU
Power
switch

External clock/
Wayside
interface

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Indicator

Page 50

PXC -- Board Installation


EXT

slot3

EXT

slot4

PXC

slot1

SCC

slot2

IDU 610
EXT

slot7

EXT

slot8

EXT

slot5

EXT

slot6

PXC

slot3

PXC

slot1

EXT
SCC

slot4
slot2

slot
20

IDU 620

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 51

PXC -- Block Diagram


Backplane

External clock/
wayside E1
interface

Clock
unit
External
clock
unit

Cross
-connect
unit

Overhead bus
Control bus

Logical
control
unit

External -48V
power

System
power
unit

48V
System power supply

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 52

PXC -- Block Diagram for Wayside E1


SCC board
wayside E1 Cross
-connect
board

Cross
-connect
wayside E2 board

IF board

IF board

Note: To plug out


SCC board may
interrupt the
wayside E1
services.

IF board

IF board

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 53

PXC -- Indicators
Indicator

STAT

PWR

SYNC
ACT

Status

Meaning

On

The board is working normally.

On

The board hardware is faulty.

Off

The board is not working, or not created, or has no


input power.

On

The power is normal.

On

+3.3V power fault or -48V input power abnormal

Off

No input power.

On

The clock is normal.

On

The clock source is lost or the switch exists.

On

The board is in active state.

Off

The board is in standby status.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 54

IDU Board -- SCC


z

SCC provides system control and communication functions, auxiliary


interfaces management and standby internal power module.

Flash
memory

Indicators
NM
interface

Indicator
test button

NM serial
port
Reset
button

Order wire
Asynchronous
data and
Boolean
interface

NM cascaded
interface

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 55

SCC Board -- Board Installation


EXT
PXC

slot3
slot1

EXT
SCC

slot4
slot2

EXT
EXT

slot8
slot6

EXT
SCC

slot4
slot2

IDU 610

slot
20

EXT

slot7

EXT
PXC
PXC

slot5
slot3
slot1
IDU 620

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 56

SCC Board - Block Diagram


Order wire interface

Backplane

Auxiliary
interface
Boolean interface unit

Asyn. data interface

NM interface
HUB
Cascaded network
port
NM serial port

Overhead Overhead bus


crossconnect
unit

Control
comm.
unit

Control bus

System
power
unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

48V
System power supply

Page 57

SCC Board -- NM Cable Connection


z

The SCC board sets the NE ID through the software. The initial NE ID is set
to 49136 by default.

The IP address of NE is also set through the software. The IP address is set
to 129.9.0.ID by default.

NMS
Connected by
Ethernet cable

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 58

SCC Board -- Wrong Connections


Self-loop of
single NE
Multiple NEs are
cascaded as a loop.

The connection
will cause NE
reset frequently.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 59

PDH Microwave Overhead


z

When the IF board is set as PDH mode, such as 4E1/8E1/16E1, the


DCC, order wire, and asynchronous transparent data interface can
only use one byte.

When the IF board is changed from STM-1 mode to PDH mode, if the
transparent transmission setting of DCC byte occupies the D1 byte,
the manual modification is required. Set the working mode to DI
mode first. Otherwise, when the IF board is changed to the PDH
mode, the DCC is interrupted.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 60

SCC Board -- Indicators


Indicator

STAT

PROG

Status

Meaning

On

The board is working normally.

On

The board hardware is faulty.

Off

The board is not working, or not created, or


has no input power.

On 100 ms and off


100 ms

During the board power-on/reset, loading the


software.

On 300 ms and off


300 ms

The board software is introduced through the


BIOS during the power-on/reset.

On

Initialize the upper layer software.

On 100 ms and off


100 ms

During the board power-on/reset, BOOTROM


self-test fails.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 61

SCC Board -- Indicators


Indicator

Status
On

During the board power-on/reset, the memory self-test


fails or the upper layer software loading fails, or during
the board running, the logical file and software are lost.

Off

The software is normal.

On

The system is normal.

On

The system has a critical or major alarm.

On

The system has a minor alarm.

Off

The system has no input power.

On

The system is in maintenance state ( that is, loop-back,


laser power-off, and ODU transceiver mute)

Off

The system is in working state.

PROG

ALM

Meaning

MANT

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 62

IDU Board -- Fan Board (FAN)


Indicator

EXT
EXT
PXC
PXC

slot
20

slot7
EXT
slot5
EXT
EXT
slot3
slot1
SCC
Fan direction

Indicator
FAN

Status

slot8
slot6
slot4
slot2

Meaning

On

The fan is working normally.

On

The board is faulty.

Off

The board has no input power.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 63

Contents
z

Equipment Structure

2.1 System Diagram

2.2 Software Structure

2.3 IDU Structure and Board

2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters

2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 64

ODU -- Interface
Grounding
double-screw bolt

RSSI test
interface

IF interface

Antenna
port

Dimension: < 260 mm X 260 mm X 92 mm (width X height X depth)


Weight: < 5 kg

Power consumption: < 40W

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 65

ODU -- Block Diagram


Control unit

Amplifier

IF interface

Up
conversion

Amplifier
Antenna port

IF
interface
unit

Frequency
synthesizer

Amplifier

Down
conversion

Duplexer

Amplifier

Power
unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 66

ODU -- Main Performance


The ODU frequency bands covers from 7G to 38G. Some commonly used
frequency band indexes are listed in the table.
z

Item

Performance
7G

15G

18G

23G

14.501-

17.685-

22.000-

15.257

19.710

23.608

1010

1008

Frequency range
(GHz)

7.114-7.743

TR spacing (MHz)

161

420

Channel spacing
(MHz)

3.5, 7, 14,
28

3.5, 7, 14,

3.5, 7,

28

13.75, 27.5

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 67

3.5, 7, 14, 28

ODU -- Main Performance (cont.)


Performance

Item

maximum Tx (dBm)

7G

15G

18G

23G

QPSK

25.5

24.5

24

22.5

16QAM

21

20

20

19

128QAM

15

14

14

13

minimum Tx (dBm)

-4

Transceiver frequency
stability (ppm)

[Note]: If the transmitting power exceeds the maximum level ,the Bite
Error will occur in the service.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 68

Contents
z

Equipment Structure

2.1 System Diagram

2.2 Software Structure

2.3 IDU Structure and Board

2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters

2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 69

Hybrid coupler

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 70

Hybrid coupler -- Main Performance


Item

Performance

Flatness (dB)

0.5

Attenuation (dB)

1.7

Coupling (dB)

6.50.6

Isolation (dB)

25

Standing wave ratio

1.2

Weight (kg)

<5

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 71

Summary
z

Equipment Structure of OptiX RTN 600

Software Structure: the host and board software are integrated in the SCC and the
ODU is a logical board.
IDU: includes IDU 610 and IDU 620.

IF board: IF1A and IF1B

Line board: SL1, SD1, SLE, and SDE

Tributary board: PH1 and PO1

Data board: EFT4

Power cross-connection clock board: PXC

System control and communication board: SCC

Fan board: FAN

ODU: interface, dimension, weight, power consumption, power indicator, and frequency
indicator
Hybrid coupler: interface and main indicators

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 72

Contents
1. Equipment Overview
2. Equipment Structure
3. Equipment Protection

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 73

1+1 Hot Standby Backup (1+1HSB)


mute

Active
ODU

Active
IF Board

Cross-connection
board

Hybrid coupler
Antenna

mute

Standby
ODU

Standby
IF Board

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 74

Service
board

Description of 1+1 HSB


z

Switch point

The services are switched in the cross-connection board.

Switch condition

Automatic switch: IF board hardware fault, ODU hardware fault, remote


failure indication, and microwave frame loss.,

Manual switch: locking, forced, manual, and clearing

Characteristics

The active/standby unit has no restrictions on the paired slots.

The switch actions are implemented by the software and hardware.

The service will be interrupted in the case of switch.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 75

1+1 Space Diversity (1+1 SD)


Active
ODU

Active
IF Board

Cross-connection
board

Antenna 1
Antenna 2

Mute

Standby
ODU

Standby
IF Board

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 76

Service
board

1+1 Frequency Diversity (1+1 FD)


tf1
rf1

Active
ODU

Active
IF Board

Cross-connection
board

Antenna Hybrid

Standby
ODU

tf2

Standby
IF Board

rf2

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 77

Service
board

Space Frequency Diversity (1+1 SD+FD)


rf1

tf1
Active
ODU

Active
IF Board

Cross-connection
board

Antenna 1
Antenna 2

Standby
ODU

tf2

Standby
IF board

rf2

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 78

Service
board

Description of Hitless Switch (HSM)


z

Switch point

Switch condition

The services are switched on the IF board.

Automatic switch: microwave frame loss, microwave signal loss, microwave


bit error , and the HSB switch triggers HSM receives forcibly the services
from standby board.
Manual switch: Force switch, clear.

Characteristics

The Active /standby IF board must in paired slots.

Switch is implemented by hardware.

Service has no interruption during switch.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 79

Reverse Switch
z

Introduction

Switch condition

When the system fails to detect the hardware faults in the transmission
direction, the HSB and SD cannot be triggered.

Remote site detecting the failure and send RDI to local site to trigger the HSB
or SD switch.

Characteristics

It is only configured in the case of HSB or SD.


Through the service detection, all the hardware faults in the transmission
direction can be protected.
Fail to accurately differentiate the hardware fault and external fading. After
the fading, the repeated switch may be caused.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 80

Questions
z

From the service switch point, protection object, card position


installation, switch condition, service impairment, and signal flow,
compare the HSB protection with the HSM protection.

What are the application scenarios of reverse switch?

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 81

Summary
Contents Review
z

Main characteristics

System Structure, Software and Hardware Structure

Board Functions and Signal flow in the IDU

ODU and Hybrid coupler Features and Functions

Equipment Level Protection Actions and Signal flow

Microwave Link Protection Actions and Signal flow

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 82

Thank You
www.huawei.com