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Vol. XXIII

No. 6

Gurgaon -122 003 (HR). Tel : 0124-4951200

e-mail : info@mtg.in website : www.mtg.in

based on assumptions that are verified by experimentation. This was

Regd. Office

true during the days of classical physics. However, modern physics in the

Ring Road, new Delhi - 110029.

Managing Editor

Editor

:

:

intuition or Experimentation?

June 2015

Corporate Office :

rial

twentieth century has grown by leaps and bounds flouting the ancient

logical methods. If one were to analyse the march of physics, einstein,

Mahabir Singh

Anil Ahlawat (Be, MBA)

Bohr, Louis de Broglie, Dirac, Schrodinger, Max Born and many other did

not wait for experimentation for the formulation of theories.

contents

Physics Musing (Problem Set-23)

wave. Diffraction and interference of light as well as that of electrons were

AIPMT

Solved Paper 2015

10

Exam Prep

23

29

Target PMTs

Practice Questions 2015

31

Kerala PMT

Solved Paper 2015

41

Brain Map

46

Series 1

51

Core Concept

62

WB JEE

Solved Paper 2015

65

experimentation.

76

80

84

Crossword

85

the idea of Soonya of Indian Philosophy. However our philosophy says

that it is Poorna or infinity.

Infinity + infinity = infinity, according to modern mathematics. But

infinity infinity is undefined. According to our concept, if one takes

Poorna from Poorna, Poorna remains.

einsteins concept of c, the velocity of light and his enunciation that the

mass of a body increases with velocity are beyond classical physics and

transcends normal logic. einstein, Bohr, Louis de Broglie and Max Born

set right the controversy of whether light is a particle or wave, by their

correction that particles and light are simultaneously matter and wave.

Owned, Printed and Published by Mahabir Singh from 406, Taj Apartment, New Delhi - 29 and

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advertisements published in this magazine. Focus/Infocus features are marketing incentives

MTG does not vouch or subscribe to the claims and representations made by advertisers. All

disputes are subject to Delhi jurisdiction only.

Editor : Anil Ahlawat

Copyright MTG Learning Media (P) Ltd.

All rights reserved. Reproduction in any form is prohibited.

Anil Ahlawat

Editor

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PHYSICS

MUSING

hysics Musing was started in August 2013 issue of Physics For You with the suggestion of Shri Mahabir Singh. The aim of Physics Musing is

to augment the chances of bright students preparing for JEE (Main and Advanced) / AIIMS / Other PMTs with additional study material.

In every issue of Physics For You, 10 challenging problems are proposed in various topics of JEE (Main and Advanced) / various PMTs. The detailed

solutions of these problems will be published in next issue of Physics For You.

The readers who have solved five or more problems may send their detailed solutions with their names and complete address. The names of those

who send atleast five correct solutions will be published in the next issue.

We hope that our readers will enrich their problem solving skills through Physics Musing and stand in better stead while facing the competitive

exams.

1.

2.

surface, with constant angular velocity. The angle between

the velocity and acceleration vectors at point P is

(a) zero

(b) 45

(c) 135

(d) tan1(1/2)

A solid ball of radius r rolls inside a hemispherical shell

of radius R without slipping.

It is released from rest from

point A as shown in figure.

The angular velocity of centre

of the ball in position B about

the centre of the shell is

(a) 2

(c)

3.

4.

g

5(R r)

2g

5(R r)

(b)

(d)

5.

by a thin wire at the other end. When a monochromatic

parallel beam of wavelength 4200 incident normally

on the glass plates is reflected, an interference pattern of

30 fringes is observed. If the wavelength of light used is

taken 7000 instead of 4200 , the number of fringes

observed will be

(a) 50

(b) 40

(c) 30

(d) 18

7.

amplitudes of waves from slits are A and 2A, respectively.

If I0 be the maximum intensity of the interference pattern,

then intensity of the pattern at a point where phase difference

between waves is f, is

(a) I0 cos2 f

5g

2(R r)

(b) w =

a

(c) w = 0 w0

6.

10 g

7(R r)

axis. The image is also found to be moving towards the

lens. Then, the object distance u must satisfy

(a) 2f < u < 4f

(b) f < u < 2f

(c) u > 4f

(d) u < f

A uniform solid brass sphere of radius a0 and mass m

is set spinning with angular speed w0 about a diameter

at temperature T0. If its temperature be increased to T

without disturbing the sphere, its new angular speed,

assuming that its new radius is a, will be

(a) w = w0

ratio of viscosity of water to that of the liquid is

(a) 2.0

(b) 0.5

(c) 4.0

(d) 0.25

T

w

T0 0

T T0

w0

T0

(d) w =

while another metal ball B (density 6.0 g cm3) is dropped

in a liquid of density 1.6 g cm3. If both the balls have the

(c)

I0

f

sin 2

3

2

I0

[5 + 8 cos f]

(d)

9

(b)

I0

[5 + 4 cos f]

9

subjective type

8.

frequency of 500 Hz when kept under the same tension.

What fractional increase in the tension of one wire would

cause an occurrence of 5 beats per second, when both

wires vibrate together?

9. Find the temperature at which the fundamental

frequency of an organ pipe is independent of small

variation in temperature in terms of the coefficient of

linear expansion (a) of the material of the tube.

10. A uniform rope of length 12 m and mass 6 kg hangs

vertically from a rigid support. A block of mass 2 kg is

attached to the free end of the rope.

A transverse pulse of wavelength

0.06 m is produced at the lower end

of the rope. What is the wavelength

of the pulse when it reaches the top

of the rope?

By Akhil Tewari, Author Foundation of Physics for jee Main & Advanced, Senior Professor Physics, RAO IIT ACADeMY, Mumbai.

Exact Questions

Exam Q. No.

MTG Book

Q. No.

P. No.

Exam Q. No.

MTG Book

Q. No.

P. No.

AIPMT Guide

28

103

24

AIPMT Guide

39

651

AIPMT Guide

33

650

27

AIPMT Guide

26

294

AIPMT Guide

45

720

29

NCERT Fingertips

38

119

12

AIPMT Guide

28

579

36

AIPMT Guide

81

217

13

AIPMT Guide

56

449

37

AIPMT Guide

56

141

18

AIPMT Guide

21

200

43

AIPMT Guide

120

20

22

AIPMT Guide

314

44

AIPMT Guide

153

456

Q. No.

P. No.

Similar Questions

Exam Q. No.

MTG Book

Q. No.

P. No.

Exam Q. No.

NCERT Fingertips

17

291

20

MTG Book

Physics For You May'15

39

34

AIPMT Guide

118

615

32

NCERT Fingertips

54

94

AIPMT Guide

88

345

34

AIPMT Guide

73

256

21

609

39

NCERT Fingertips

38

208

AIPMT Guide

AIPMT Guide

34

535

41

AIPMT Guide

85

345

15

21

15

45

AIPMT Guide

18

446

1.

1 kg respectively, are in contact on a frictionless

surface, as shown. If a force of 14 N is applied on

the 4 kg block, then the contact force between

A and B is

A

(a) 8 N

(c) 2 N

2.

RAl

(d)

(a)

1/3

13

(b)

53

RAl

5

R

3 Al

variation of particle momentum and the associated

de-Broglie wavelength?

p

(b) 18 N

(d) 6 N

3.

If radius of the 27

13 Al nucleus is taken to be RAl,

then the radius of 125

53Te nucleus is nearly

3

(a) RAl

5

10

1/3

53

(c)

13

(b)

p

(c)

(d)

4.

5.

6.

temperatures 100C and 110C. The rate of heat

flow in the rod is found to be 4.0 J/s. If the ends are

maintained at temperatures 200C and 210C, the

rate of heat flow will be

(a) 8.0 J/s

(b) 4.0 J/s

(c) 44.0 J/s

(d) 16.8 J/s

For a parallel beam of monochromatic light of

wavelength l, diffraction is produced by a single

slit whose width a is of the order of the wavelength

of the light. If D is the distance of the screen from

the slit, the width of the central maxima will be

Da

2Da

(a)

(b)

l

l

Dl

2Dl

(c)

(d)

a

a

Which logic gate is represented by the following

combination of logic gates?

(a) AND

(c) OR

7.

Its velocities at distances x1 and x2 from the mean

position are V1 and V2, respectively. Its time period

is

(a) 2 p

(c) 2 p

8.

9.

(b) NOR

(d) NAND

V12 + V22

x12

+ x22

x12

V12

+ x22

+ V22

(b) 2 p

(d) 2 p

m0n2e

r

m0ne

(c)

2 pr

(a)

(b)

(d) Zero

motion such that its velocity varies according to

v(x) = bx2n,

where b and n are constants and x is the position

of the particle. The acceleration of the particle as

a function of x, is given by

(a) 2b2 x2n + 1

(b) 2nb2 e4n + 1

2

2n

1

(c) 2nb x

(d) 2nb2 x4n 1

11. The electric field in a certain region is acting

radially outward and is given by E = Ar. A charge

contained in a sphere of radius a centred at the

origin of the field, will be given by

(a) 4pe0Aa3

(b) e0Aa3

2

(c) 4pe0Aa

(d) Ae0a2

12. A radiation of energy E falls normally on a

perfectly reflecting surface. The momentum

transferred to the surface is (C = Velocity of light)

2E

E

(a) 2

(b) 2

C

C

2E

E

(c)

(d)

C

C

13. A, B and C are voltmeters of resistance R, 1.5R and

3R respectively as shown in the figure. When some

potential difference is applied between X and Y, the

voltmeter readings are VA, VB and VC respectively.

Then

V12 V22

x12

x22

x22

V12

x12

V22

(refractive index 1.5) each having radius of

curvature of 20 cm are placed with their convex

surfaces in contact at the centre. The intervening

space is filled with oil of refractive index 1.7. The

focal length of the combination is

(a) 50 cm

(b) 50 cm

(c) 20 cm

(d) 25 cm

An electron moving in a circular orbit of radius r

makes n rotations per second. The magnetic field

produced at the centre has magnitude

m0ne

2r

B

X

(a) VA = VB VC

(c) VA = VB = VC

(b) VA VB VC

(d) VA VB = VC

knife edges A and B and is in equilibrium in a

horizontal position. The knives are at a distance d

from each other. The centre of mass of the rod is at

distance x from A. The normal reaction on A is

(a)

W (d x )

x

(b)

W (d x )

d

(c)

Wx

d

(d)

Wd

x

11

in adjoining figure. Linear parts of the wire are

very long and parallel to X-axis while semicircular

portion of radius R is lying in Y-Z plane. Magnetic

field at point O is

Z

I

R

I

Y

I

m I ^ ^

(a) B = 0 p i + 2 k

4p R

m I ^ ^

(b) B = 0 p i 2 k

4p R

m I ^ ^

(c) B = 0 p i + 2 k

4p R

m I ^ ^

(d) B = 0 p i 2 k

4p R

roof of a house. The area of the roof is 250 m2.

Assuming that the pressure inside the house is

atmospheric pressure, the force exerted by the wind

on the roof and the direction of the force will be

(rair = 1.2 kg/m3)

(a) 2.4 105 N, upwards

(b) 2.4 105 N, downwards

(c) 4.8 105 N, downwards

(d) 4.8 105 N, upwards

17. In a double slit experiment, the two slits are

1 mm apart and the screen is placed 1 m away.

A monochromatic light of wavelength 500 nm

is used. What will be the width of each slit for

obtaining ten maxima of double slit within the

central maxima of single slit pattern?

(a) 0.5 mm

(b) 0.02 mm

(c) 0.2 mm

(d) 0.1 mm

18. A mass m moves in a circle on a smooth horizontal

plane with velocity v0 at a radius R0. The mass is

attached to a string which passes through a smooth

hole in the plane as shown.

v0

R0

12

R

and finally m moves in a circle of radius 0 . The

2

final value of the kinetic energy is

1 2

mv

2 0

1 2

2

(c) mv0

(d) mv0

4

19. Keplers third law states that square of period

of revolution (T) of a planet around the sun, is

proportional to third power of average distance

r between sun and planet i.e. T2 = Kr3 here K is

constant.

If the masses of sun and planet are M and m

respectively then as per Newtons law of gravitation

force of attraction between them is

GMm , here G is gravitational constant.

F=

r2

The relation between G and K is described as

1

(a) K = G

(b) K =

G

(c) GK = 4p2

(d) GMK = 4p2

2

(a) 2mv0

(b)

of mass m and radius r are placed

as shown in figure. Consider an axis

XX which is touching to two shells

and passing through diameter of

third shell. Moment of inertia of

the system consisting of these three

spherical shells about XX axis is

16 2

mr

(a)

(b) 4mr2

5

11 2

mr

(c)

(d) 3mr2

5

21. A ship A is moving Westwards with a speed of

10 km h1 and a ship B 100 km South of A, is

moving Northwards with a speed of 10 km h1.

The time after which the distance between them

becomes shortest, is

(a) 5 2 h

(b) 10 2 h

(c) 0 h

(d) 5 h

22. The ratio of the specific heats

Cp

Cv

degrees of freedom (n) is given by

2

(a) 1 +

n

n

(b) 1 +

2

1

(c) 1 +

n

n

(d) 1 +

3

= in terms of

applied, as shown,

(a) 90 J

(c) 100 J

(b) 1 J

(d) 99 J

transition from A to B along a path AB as shown in

the figure,

then the output across RL will be

(a)

(c)

5 V

(b)

5V

P(in kPa) 2

B

4

(d)

V(in m3)

monochromatic light of wavelength, l. The

stopping potential for photo-electric current for

this light is 3V0. If the same surface is illuminated

with light of wavelength 2l, the stopping potential

is V0. The threshold wavelength for this surface for

photo-electric effect is

l

p

(a)

(b)

6

4

(c) 6l

(d) 4l

25. A parallel plate air capacitor of capacitance C is

connected to a cell of emf V and then disconnected

from it. A dielectric slab of dielectric constant K,

which can just fill the air gap of the capacitor, is now

inserted in it. Which of the following is incorrect?

1

2

1 .

K

(c) The potential difference between the plates

decreases K times.

(d) The energy stored in the capacitor decreases

K times.

26. A particle of mass m is driven by a machine that

delivers a constant power k watts. If the particle

starts from rest the force on the particle at time t is

1

mk t 1/2

(a) 2mk t 1/2

(b)

2

mk 1/2

t

(c)

(d) mk t 1/2

2

1

27. A Carnot engine, having an efficiency of =

as

10

heat engine, is used as a refrigerator. If the work

done on the system is 10 J, the amount of energy

absorbed from the reservoir at lower temperature is

the transition is

(a) 20 J

(b) 12 kJ

(c) 20 kJ

(d) 20 kJ

29. A block of mass 10 kg, moving in x direction with

a constant speed of 10 m s1, is subjected to a

retarding force F = 0.1x J/m during its travel from

x = 20 m to 30 m. Its final KE will be

(a) 275 J

(b) 250 J

(c) 475 J

(d) 450 J

30. Consider 3rd orbit of He+ (Helium), using nonrelativistic approach, the speed of electron in this

orbit will be [given K = 9 109 constant, Z = 2 and

h (Placks Constant) = 6.6 1034 J s]

(a) 0.73 106 m/s

(b) 3.0 108 m/s

6

(c) 2.92 10 m/s

(d) 1.46 106 m/s

31. A resistance R draws power P when connected

to an AC source. If an inductance is now placed in

series with the resistance, such that the impedance

of the circuit becomes Z, the power drawn will be

R

(a) P

(b) P

Z

R

(c) P

Z

(d) P

R

Z

light string connected to it passes over a frictionless

pully at the edge of table and from its other end

another block B of mass m2 is suspended. The

coefficient of kinetic friction between the block

and the table is mk. When the block A is sliding on

the table, the tension in the string is

m m (1 mk ) g

m m (1 + mk ) g

(a) 1 2

(b) 1 2

(m1 + m2 )

(m1 + m2 )

(c)

(m2 + mk m1 ) g

(m1 + m2 )

(d)

(m2 mk m1 ) g

(m1 + m2 )

13

index of the material of the prism is cot (A/2). The

angle of minimum deviation is

(a) 90 A

(b) 180 + 2A

(c) 180 3A

(d) 180 2A

34. On observing light from three different stars P, Q

and R, it was found that intensity of violet colour

is maximum in the spectrum of P, the intensity of

green colour is maximum in the spectrum of R

and the intensity of red colour is maximum in the

spectrum of Q. If TP, TQ and TR are the respective

absolute temperatures of P, Q and R, then it can be

concluded from the above observations that

(a) TP < TR < TQ

(b) TP < TQ < TR

(c) TP > TQ > TR

(d) TP > TR > TQ

35. A conducting square frame of side a and a long

straight wire carrying current I are located in the

same plane as shown in the figure. The frame

moves to the right with a constant velocity V. The

emf induced in the frame will be proportional to

(a)

(c)

1

2

(2 x + a)

1

x2

(b)

(d)

1

(2 x a)(2 x + a)

1

(2 x a)2

R and 2R are released in free space with initial

separation between their centres equal to 12R. If

they attract each other due to gravitational force

only, then the distance covered by the smaller body

before collision is

(a) 7.5R

(b) 1.5R

(c) 2.5R

(d) 4.5R

37. Two similar springs P and Q have spring constants

KP and KQ, such that KP > KQ. They are stretched

first by the same amount (case a), then by the

same force (case b). The work done by the springs

WP and WQ are related as, in case (a) and case (b)

respectively

(a) WP > WQ ; WQ > WP

(b) WP < WQ ; WQ < WP

(c) WP = WQ ; WP > WQ

(d) WP = WQ ; WP = WQ

14

velocities u1and u2. On collision, one of the

particles get excited to higher level, after absorbing

energy e. If final velocities of particles be v1 and v2

then we must have

1

1

1

1

(a) m1u12 + m2u22 e = m1v12 + m2v22

2

2

2

2

1 2 2 1 2 2

1 2 2 1 2 2

(b) m u1 + m u2 + e = m v1 + m2 v2

2 1

2 2

2 1

2

(c) m12u1 + m22u2 e = m12v1 + m22v2

1

1

1

1

(d) m1u12 + m2u22 = m1v12 + m2v22 e

2

2

2

2

39. The approximate depth of an ocean is 2700 m.

The compressibility of water is 45.4 1011 Pa1

and density of water is 103 kg/m3. What fractional

compression of water will be obtained at the bottom

of the ocean?

(a) 1.2 102

(b) 1.4 102

2

(c) 0.8 10

(d) 1.0 102

40. Figure below shows two paths that may be taken by

a gas to go from a state A to a state C.

and in process BC, 100 J of heat is added to the

system. The heat absorbed by the system in the

process AC will be

(a) 460 J

(b) 300 J

(c) 380 J

(d) 500 J

41. The fundamental frequency of a closed organ pipe

of length 20 cm is equal to the second overtone of

an organ pipe open at both the ends. The length of

organ pipe open at both the ends is

(a) 120 cm

(b) 140 cm

(c) 80 cm

(d) 100 cm

42. When two displacements represented by

y1 = a sin(wt) and y2 = b cos(wt) are superimposed

the motion is

a 2 + b2

(a + b)

(b) simple harmonic with amplitude

2

(c) not a simple harmonic

a

(d) simple harmonic with amplitude

b

(a) simple harmonic with amplitude

43. If energy (E), velocity (V) and time (T) are chosen

as the fundamental quantities, the dimensional

formula of surface tension will be

(a) [EV2T2]

(b) [E2V1T3]

2

1

(c) [EV T ]

(d) [EV1T2]

h

3. (d) : de-Broglie wavelength, l =

p

1

or l , lp = constant

p

This represents a rectangular hyperbola.

section a constant potential difference is applied.

The quantity which remains constant along the

conductor is

(a) drift velocity

(b) electric field

(c) current density (d) current

dQ

dT

= KA

dt

dx

Let length of the rod be L.

110 100 10

Case I : dT = DT =

=

dx Dx

L

L

dQ1

10

(i)

\

= KA

dt

L

dQ1

Also,

= 4 J s 1

(ii)

dt

dT DT 210 200 10

Case II :

=

=

=

dx Dx

L

L

dQ2

10

(iii)

\

= KA

dt

L

So, from equations (i), (ii) and (iii)

dQ2 dQ1

=

= 4 J s 1

dt

dt

8 W. The resistance that must be connected in series

with the wire and an accumulator of e.m.f. 2 V, so

as to get a potential gradient 1 mV per cm on the

wire is

(a) 44 W

(b) 48 W

(c) 32 W

(d) 40 W

solutions

1. (d) :

Here, MA = 4 kg, MB = 2 kg, MC = 1 kg, F = 14 N

Net mass, M = MA + MB + MC = 4 + 2 + 1 = 7 kg

Let a be the acceleration of the system.

Using Newtons second law of motion,

F = Ma

14 = 7a \ a = 2 m s2

Let F be the force applied on block A by block

B i.e. the contact force between A and B. Free body

diagram for block A

shown in the figure.

For central maxima,

l

sin q =

a

Also, q is very-very small so

y

sin q tan q =

D

lD

y l

\

= , y=

a

D a

Width of central maxima = 2 y =

F F = 4a

14 F = 4 2

14 8 = F

\ F = 6 N

A1/3

\

1/3

RAl AAl

=

RTe ATe

1/3

RAl 27

=

RTe 125

5

3

=

RTe = RAl

3

5

6. (a) :

2lD

.

a

Y = A + B = AB = AB

Thus, the combination represents AND gate.

7. (d) : In SHM, velocities of a particle at distances

x1 and x2 from mean position are given by

V12 = w2(a2 x12 )

V22

= w (a

x22 )

Physics for you | june 15

(i)

(ii)

15

V12

V22

w=

=w

(x22

V12 V22

x22 x12

x12 )

\ T = 2p

x22 x12

V12 V22

lenses. In which two are plano-convex with refractive

index 1.5 and one is concave lens of refractive

index 1.7.

varies as

v(x) = bx2n

(i)

dv

2n 1

(ii)

= 2nbx

dx

Acceleration of the particle is given by

dv dv dx dv

a=

=

=

v

dt dx dt dx

Using equation (i) and (ii), we get

a = (2nbx2n 1) (bx2n)

= 2nb2 x4n 1

11. (a) : According to question,

electric field varies as E = Ar

Here r is the radial distance.

1

1

1

= (m 1)

f

R1 R2

For plano-convex lens

R1 = , R2 = 20 cm,

1

1

1 0. 5 1

1

\

= = (1.5 1)

=

=

f1 f2

20 20 40

So, f1 = f2 = 40 cm

For concave lens,

m = 1.7, R1 = 20 cm, R2 = 20 cm

1

1

1

\

= (1.7 1)

f3

20 20

7

2

= 0. 7 =

20

100

100

So, f3 =

cm

7

Equivalent focal length (f eq) of the system is given by

1

1 1

1

1

1

1

= + +

=

+

+

feq f1 f3 f2

40 100 / 7 40

1

7

2

1

=

=

20 100

100

50

\ feq = 50 cm

=

e

9. (b) : Current in the orbit, I =

T

e

we (2pn)e

I=

=

=

= ne

(2p/w) 2p

2p

Magnetic field at centre of current carrying circular

coil is given by

m I m ne

B= 0 = 0

2r

2r

16

At r = a, E = Aa

(i)

Net flux emitted from a spherical surface of radius

a is

q

net = en

e0

(Aa) (4pa2) =

\ q = 4pe0Aa3

q

e0

Also, its momentum p =

hC

l

h E

= = pi

l C

E

C

So, momentum transferred to the surface

E E 2E

= pi pr = =

C C C

pr = pi =

of circuit is indicated in the figure.

VA = IR

2I 3

VB = R = IR

3 2

I

VC = 3R = IR

3

Thus, VA = VB = VC

14. (b) : Given situation is shown in figure.

N1 = Normal reaction on A

N2 = Normal reaction on B

W = Weight of the rod

In vertical equilibrium,

N1 + N2 = W

(i)

Torque balance about centre of mass of the rod,

N1x = N2(d x)

Putting value of N2 from equation (i)

N1x = (W N1)(d x)

N1x = Wd Wx N1d + N1x

N1d = W(d x)

W (d x)

\ N1 =

d

15. (a) : Given situation is shown in the figure.

field at O due to them

m I ^

B1 = B3 = 0 k

4pR

Magnetic field at O due to semi-circular arc in

YZ-plane is given by

m I^

B2 = 0 i

4R

Net magnetic field at point O is given by

B = B1 + B2 + B3

m I ^ m I^ m I ^

= 0 k 0 i 0 k

4pR

4R

4pR

m I ^ ^

= 0 (p i + 2 k)

4pR

16. (a) : By Bernoullis theorem,

1

1

P1 + rv12 = P2 + r v22

2

2

inside

outside

Pressure difference,

1

P1 P2 = r(v22 v12 )

2

Here, r = 1.2 kg m3, v2 = 40 m s1, v1 = 0,

A = 250 m2

1

P1 P2 = 1.2 (402 02 )

2

1

= 1.2 1600 = 960 N m2

2

Force acting on the roof F = (P1 P2) A = 960 250

= 2.4 105 N upwards

17. (c): For double slit experiment,

d = 1 mm = 1 103 m, D = 1 m, l = 500 109 m

Dl

Fringe width b =

d

2lD

Width of central maxima in a single slit =

a

As per question, width of central maxima of single

slit pattern = width of 10 maxima of double slit

pattern

2lD

lD

= 10

d

a

2d 2 103

a=

=

= 0.2 103 m = 0.2 mm

10

10

18. (a) : According to law of conservation of angular

momentum

mvr = mvr

R

v0 R0 = v 0 ; v = 2v0

2

1 2

K 0 2 mv0 v0 2

\

=

=

K 1 2 v

mv

2

2

K v

=

= (2)2

or

K 0 v0

K = 4K0 = 2mv 02

(i)

(Using (i))

and planet provides centripetal force for the orbit

of planet.

GMm mv 2

\

=

r

r2

GM

(i)

v2 =

r

Time period of the planet is given by

2pr

4p2r 2

, T2 = 2

v

v

2 2

4p r

T2 =

[Using equation (i)]

GM

r

4p2r 3

T2 =

GM

T=

(ii)

17

According to question,

T2 = Kr3

Comparing equations (ii) and (iii), we get

K=

n

C p = + 1 R

2

(iii)

n

+1 R n + 2

2

2

\ =1 +

=

=

=

n

(n/2)R

Cv

n

4p2

\ GMK = 4p2

GM

Cp

I = I1 + I2 + I3

The moment of inertia of a shell about its

diameter,

2

I1 = mr 2

3

The moment of inertia of a shell about its tangent

is given by

2

5

I2 = I3 = I1 + mr 2 = mr 2 + mr 2 = mr 2

3

3

2

12mr

5

2

= 4mr 2

\ I = 2 mr 2 + mr 2 =

3

3

3

21. (d) : Given situation is shown in the figure.

i.e. V > 0, so output across RL is given by

equation

hc hc

eVs =

l l0

where Vs = Stopping potential

l = Incident wavelength

l0 = Threshold wavelength

or Vs =

photoelectric

hc 1 1

e l l0

hc 1 1

3V0 =

e l l0

For the second case

Velocity of ship A

vA = 10 km h1 towards west

Velocity of ship B

vB = 10 km h1 towards north

OS = 100 km

OP = shortest distance

Relative velocity between A and B is

hc 1

1

e 2 l l0

Divide eqn. (i) by (ii), we get

V0 =

1 1

l l

0

3=

1

1

2 l l

0

v AB = v 2A + v B2 = 10 2 km h 1

cos 45 =

1 1 1

1

=

3

2 l l0 l l0

3

3 1 1

=

2 l l0 l l0

1

2

=

or l0 = 4 l

2 l l0

OP 1 OP

;

=

OS 2 100

100 100 2

=

= 50 2 km

2

2

The time after which distance between them equals

to OP is given by

OP =

t=

OP 50 2

=

t = 5h

vAB 10 2

v

2

Also, Cp Cv = R

n

C p = Cv + R = R + R

2

18

25. (b) :

q = CV V = q/C

Due to dielectric insertion, new capacitance

C2 = CK

...(i)

...(ii)

q2

2C

1+

q2

Final energy stored in capacitor, U 2 =

2KC

Change in energy stored,

DU = U2 U1

Q1 = 90 J

So, 90 J heat is absorbed at lower temperature.

q 1

1

2 1

1 = CV 1

K

2C K

2

New potential difference between plates

q

V

V =

=

CK K

26. (c): Constant power acting on the particle of mass

m is k watt.

or P = k

dW

= k ; dW = kdt

dt

W

t

DU =

dW = k dt

0

W = kt

Using work energy theorem,

1

1

W = mv 2 m(0)2

2

2

1 2

kt = mv

[Using equation (i)]

2

(i)

2kt

m

dv

Acceleration of the particle, a =

dt

1 2k 1

k

a=

=

2 m t

2mt

mk

mk 1/2

Force on the particle, F = ma =

=

t

2t

2

27. (a) : For Carnot engine,

v=

T 1

T

Efficiency, = 1 1 ; = 1 1

T2 10

T2

T1

1

9

=1 =

10 10

T2

(i)

or

[ PV = nRT ]

2 nR

nR

5

5

= (PBVB PAVA ) = (2 103 6 5 103 4)

2

2

5

3

= ( 8 10 ) = 20 kJ

2

29. (c): Here, m = 10 kg, vi = 10 m s1

Initial kinetic energy of the block is

1

1

K i = mvi2 = (10 kg ) (10 m s 1 )2 = 500 J

2

2

Work done by retarding force

30

x2

30

x2

W = Fr dx = 0.1 xdx = 0.1

2 20

20

x

1

900 400

= 0. 1

= 25 J

2

According to work-energy theorem,

W = Kf Ki

Kf = W + Ki = 25 J + 500 J = 475 J

30. (d) : Energy of electron in He+ 3rd orbit

4

Z2

E3 = 13.6 2 eV = 13.6 eV

9

n

= 13.6

Q2 T2

=

Q1 T1

Q1 + W T2

=

Q1

T1

Q1 + 10 10

=

Q1

9

5R

5R

= n (TB TA ) [for diatomic gas,Cv = ]

2

2

4

1.6 1019 J 9.7 1019 J

9

As per Bohrs model,

Kinetic energy of electron in the 3rd orbit = E3

1

\ 9.7 1019 = mev 2

2

For refrigerator,

\

10 10 10 10

1

= ;

= 1=

Q1 9 Q1 9

9

v=

2 9.7 1019

9.1 1031

= 1.46 106 m s 1

19

A

cot =

2

V

= Vrms rms

R

V2

2

= PR

P = rms Vrms

R

...(i)

V

R

P = Vrms Irms cos = Vrms rms

Z

Z

R

R

2

= Vrms 2 = PR 2

Z

Z

m = cot 2

A+d

A

sin

2

2

=

A

A

sin

sin

2

2

cos

A d p A A d

p A

sin = sin + ; = +

2 2 2 2 2 2

2 2

\ d = p 2A = 180 2A

2

R

P = P 2

Z

32. (a) : Given situation is shown in the figure.

Here, N = m1g

f = mkN = mkm1g

A+d

sin

2

A

sin

2

(i)

lmT = constant

(i)

For star P , intensity of violet colour is maximum

For star Q, intensity of red colour is maximum.

For star R, intensity of green colour is maximum.

Also, lr > lg > lv

Using equation (i), Tr < Tg < Tv

TQ < TR < TP

35. (b) : Here, PQ = RS = PR =QS = a

Equation of motion for A and B

T f = m1a

m2g T = m2a

Adding equation (ii) and (iii), we get

m2g f = (m1 + m2)a

a=

(ii)

(iii)

m2 g f

m1 + m2

(m g f )

T = m2 g m2 2

m1 + m2

m1m2 g + m1m2mk g m1m2(1 + mk )g

=

=

m1 + m2

m1 + m2

(Using (i))

A+d

sin

2

33. (d) : As m =

A

sin

2

20

e = B1(PQ)V B2(RS)V

=

m0 I

m0 I

aV

aV

2p(x + a/2)

2p(x a/2)

m I 2

2

aV

= 0

2p (2x a) (2x + a)

m I

2a

= 0 2

aV

2p

(2x a)(2x + a)

1

\ e

(2x a)(2x + a)

36. (a)

37. (a) : Here, KP > KQ

Case (a) : Elongation (x) in each spring is same.

1

1

WP = K P x 2 , WQ = K Q x 2

2

2

\ WP > WQ

So, x1 =

F

F

and x2 =

KP

KQ

1

1 F2

KP x12 =

2

2 KP

1

1 F2

WQ = KQ x22 =

2

2 KQ

1

2 103 4 104 )

2

380 = DQAC (40 + 40), DQAC = 380 + 80 = 460 J

WP =

\ WP < WQ

1

1

= m1u12 + m2u22

2

2

Total final energy of two particles

1

1

= m2v22 + m1v12 + e

2

2

Using energy conservation principle,

1

1

1

1

m u2 + m u2 = m v 2 + m v 2 + e

2 11 2 2 2 2 11 2 2 2

1

1

1

1

\

m1u12 + m2u22 e = m1v12 + m2v22

2

2

2

2

39. (a) : Depth of ocean d = 2700 m

Density of water, r = 103 kg m3

Compressibility of water, K = 45.4 1011 Pa1

DV

=?

V

Excess pressure at the bottom, DP = rgd

= 103 10 2700 = 27 106 Pa

DP

We know, B =

(DV /V )

1

D

V

D

P

= K . DP K =

=

V

B

B

= 45.4 1011 27 106 = 1.2 102

points are same so

DUABC = DUAC

AB is isochoric process.

DWAB = 0

DQAB = DUAB = 400 J

BC is isobaric process.

DQBC = DUBC + DWBC

100 = DUBC + 6 104 (4 103 2 103)

100 = DUBC + 12 10

DUBC = 100 120 = 20 J

As, DUABC = DUAC

DUAB + DUBC = DQAC DWAC

is given by

v

uc =

4l

For open organ pipe, fundamental frequency is

given by

v

uo =

2l

2nd overtone of open organ pipe

3v

u = 3uo ; u =

2l

According to question, uc = u

v 3v

=

4l 2l

l = 6l

Here, l = 20 cm, l = ?

\ l = 6 20 = 120 cm

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Physics for you | june 15

21

p

y2 = b cos wt = b sin wt +

constant.

45. (c): Required potential gradient = 1 mV cm1

1

= V m 1

10

Length of potentiometer wire, l = 4 m

a 2 + b2 .

43. (a) : Let S = kEaV bTc

where k is a dimensionless constant.

Writing the dimensions on both sides, we get

[M1L0T2] = [ML2T2]a[LT1]b [T]c

= [M a L2a + b T2a b + c ]

Applying principle of homogeneity of dimensions,

we get, a = 1

... (i)

2a + b = 0

... (ii)

2a b + c = 2

... (iii)

Adding (ii) and (iii), we get

c=2

From (ii), b = 2a = 2

\ S = kEV2 T2 or [S] = [E V2T2]

uniform so current density will be different but the

1

(i)

= 4 = 0. 4 V

10

In the circuit, potential difference across 8 W

=I8=

2

8

8+R

(ii)

2

8

8+R

4

16

=

, 8 + R = 40

10 8 + R

\ R = 32 W

0. 4 =

nn

Haryana police have nabbed four people, including two dentists and an MBBS

student, from Rohtak for allegedly passing on answer keys to students using

vests with SIM card units and bluetooth-enabled earpieces during the All India

Pre Medical Test (AIPMT).

Apart from probing how 90 answer keys to the highly competitive all-India

test were leaked, police are also investigating at least nine candidates who

allegedly paid the gang around Rs 15-20 lakh for the help in their bid to

become doctors.

Police said the gang may have spread its reach to other states too, particularly

Bihar and Rajasthan. They added that the accused claimed they had purchased

the engineered vests from a shop in new Delhi.

Of the four arrested, police have identified two as BDS doctors Sanchit and

Bhupender, one as second-year MBBS student Ravi and the fourth as Rajesh.

The alleged kingpin of this racket, Roop Singh Dangi, is on the run, police

said.

Another MBBS doctor his identity has been withheld is also under the

scanner for acting as a mediator between the accused and the students.

Shrikant jadhav, Inspector General of Police (Rohtak range), said the arrests

followed a tip-off. We alerted the examination authorities and ordered a

thorough frisking of every student. Also, we received concrete information

about the four accused who were staying in a hotel in Panipat. We tracked their

mobile phones to the jhajjar bypass in Rohtak and caught them, jadhav told

The Indian express.

elaborating on the special vests, one of the investigating officers said, They

had sim card units linked to earpieces via bluetooth. Specially configured

phones were also supplied to some students. Soon after the exam began, the

accused started sending answer keys to the nine students from whom they had

allegedly taken Rs 15-20 lakh each. For students with phones, answer keys

were sent through WhatsApp, and for those using the earpieces, they were

passed on through phone calls.

Police said the engineered vests and keys to the 90 questions were recovered

from the four accused who were produced in a Rohtak court they were sent

to police custody for four days for further interrogation.

So far, we have received a list of nine students who appeared in the AIPMT

exams by allegedly paying money to the accused. Raids are being conducted to

nab all those involved, jadhav said.

We have also sent teams to nab those who sold these vests to the accused.

each vest was purchased by the accused at a cost of approximately Rs 9,000

each, he added.

Police also suspect that at least one of the accused Ravi, the MBBS student

may have resorted to similar means to pass his own medical entrance test.

He undertook PMT coaching from an institute in Kota, Rajasthan in 2005-06

and got through the exam in 2007. But after eight years, he is still in the second

year. It appears from interrogation that he might have got through the exam

using unfair means, the investigating officer said.

As for Dangi, the alleged kingpin, police said he is a Meham resident who

operates from Alwar in Rajasthan. They believe that he allegedly procured and

supplied the answer keys to the four accused.

During their interrogation, police said, the accused also claimed that the shop

from where they purchased the vests had sold 700 such units in Bihar. There

could be a possibility that the magnitude of this racket is much larger in Bihar

and Rajasthan, jadhav said.

Courtesy : The Indian Express

22

Useful for All National and State Level Medical/Engg. Entrance Exams

units and MeasureMent

[ML2Q2], where Q denotes the electric charge?

(a) weber (Wb)

(b) Wb/m2

(c) henry (H)

(d) H/m2

2. In an experiment of simple pendulum, the errors

in the measurement of length of the pendulum (L)

and time period (T)

T) are 3% and 2% respectively. The

T

L

maximum percentage error in the value of

is

T2

(a) 5%

(b) 7%

(c) 8%

(d) 1%

a

a t2

in the equation P =

,

b

bx

where P is pressure, x is distance and t is time are

(a) [M2LT3]

(b) [ML0T2]

3

1

(c) [ML T ]

(d) [MLT3]

3. The dimensions of

x t and F represent

displacement, time and force respectively,

1

F = a + bt +

+ A sin(wt + f)

c + dx

The dimensional formula for Ad

d is

1

1

1

(a) [T ] (b) [L ] (c) [M ] (d) [TL1]

5. What is the number of significant figures in

0.310 103?

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 5

6. The study of the earths surface is normally

performed with

(a) rectangular cartesian co-ordinates

(b) gaussian system

(c) cartesian co-ordinates, but spherical

(d) none of these

7. Which one of the following is dimensionally

incorrect?

Capacitance C = [M1L2T4A2]

Magnetic field induction B = [ML0T2A1]

Coefficient of self-induction L = [ML2T2A1]

Specific resistance r = [M L3T3A2]

DV

, where e0 is the

8. A quantity X is given by e0 L

Dt

permittivity of free space, L is length, DV is potential

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

formula for X is the same as that of

(a) resistance

(b) charge

(c) voltage

(d) current

9. The moment of inertia of a body rotating about a

given axis is 12.0 kg m2 in the SI system. What is the

value of the moment of inertia in a system of units

in which the unit of length is 5 cm and the unit of

mass is 10 g?

(a) 2.4 103

(b) 6.0 103

5

(c) 5.4 10

(d) 4.8 105

10. A wire has a mass (0.3 0.003) g, radius

(0.5 0.005) mm and length (6 0.06) cm. The

maximum percentage error in the measurement of

its density is

(a) 1%

(b) 2%

(c) 3%

(d) 4%

11. Match List I with List II and select the correct

answer :

List I

List II

A. spring constant

1. [M1L2T2]

B. pascal

2. [M0L0T1]

C. hertz

3. [M1L0T2]

D. joule

4. [M1L1T2]

A B C D

(a) 3 4 2 1

(b) 4 3 1 2

(c) 4 3 2 1

(d) 3 4 1 2

Physics for you | june 15

23

regarding significant figures?

(a) All the non-zero digits are significant.

(b) All the zeros between two non-zero digits are

significant.

(c) Greater the number of significant figures in a

measurement, smaller is the percentage error.

(d) The power of 10 is counted while counting the

number of significant figures.

13. The length and breadth of a rectangular sheet are

16.2 cm and 10.1 cm, respectively. The area of the

sheet in appropriate significant figures and error is

(a) 164 3 cm2

(b) 163.62 2.6 cm2

2

(c) 163.6 2.6 cm

(d) 163.62 3 cm2

14. The density of a material in CGS system of units is

4 g cm3. In a system of units in which unit of

length is 10 cm and unit of mass is 100 g, the value

of density of material will be

(a) 0.04

(b) 0.4

(c) 40

(d) 400

15. Distance Z travelled by a particle is defined by

Z = a + bt + gt2. Dimensions of g are

(a) [LT1]

(b) [L1T]

2

(c) [LT ]

(d) [LT2]

KineMatics

horizontal distance of 100 m. With the same speed

how much high above the ground can the cricketer

throw the same ball?

(a) 50 m

(b) 100 m

(c) 150 m

(d) 200 m

17. A particle moving along the x axis has position given

by x = (24t 2.0t3) m, where t is measured in s. What

is the magnitude of the acceleration of the particle

at the instant when its velocity is zero?

(a) 24 m s2

(b) zero

2

(c) 12 m s

(d) 48 m s2

18. When the angle of projection is 75, a ball falls

10 m short of the target. When the angle of

projection is 45, it falls 10 m ahead of the target.

Both are projected from the same point with the

same speed in the same direction, the distance of

the target from the point of projection is

(a) 15 m

(b) 30 m

(c) 45 m

(d) 10 m

directions indicated in the figure. Which of the

following statements is true?

24

(a) b + c =

(b) d + c =

(c) d + e =

(d) b + e =

point A on the ground. It takes time t1 to reach a

point B, but it still continues to move up. If it takes

further time t2 to reach the ground from point B.

Then height of point B from the ground is

1

2

(a) g (t1 + t2 )

(b) gt1t2

2

1

1

(c) g (t1 + t2 )2

(d) gt1t2

2

8

21. A rectangular vessel when full of water, takes

10 min to be emptied through an orifice in its

bottom. How much time will it take to be emptied

when half filled with water?

(a) 9 min

(b) 7 min

(c) 5 min

(d) 3 min

22. Time taken by the

projectile to reach

u

from A to B is t, then

60

the distance AB is

30

A

equal to

(a) 2ut

(b) 3 ut

(c)

3

ut

2

(d)

ut

3

at the same instant another ball B is released from a

height h. At time t, the speed of A relative to B is

(a) u

(b) 2u

(c) u gt

(d)

u2 gt

speed of 10 km h1, the second one-third at a speed

of 20 km h1 and the last one-third at a speed of

60 km h1. Find the average speed of the car over

the entire distance x.

(a) 10 km h1

(b) 12 km h1

1

(c) 18 km h

(d) 20 km h1

25. The co-ordinates of a moving particle are x = at2,

y = bt2 where a and b are constants. The velocity of

the particle at any moment is

(a) 2t a2 + b2

(b) 2t a + b

(c) 2t a2 b2

(d) 2 a2 + b2

height is 2 / 5 times its speed at half the maximum

height. What is its angle of projection?

(a) 30

(b) 60

(c) 45

(d) 0

27. A passenger is walking on an escalator at a speed of

6 km/h relative to escalator. The escalator is moving

at 3 km/h relative to ground and has a total length

of 120 m. The time taken by him to reach the end of

the escalator is

(a) 16 s

(b) 48 s

(c) 32 s

(d) 80 s

28. A body is projected such that its kinetic energy at

the top is (3/4)th of its initial kinetic energy. What is

the angle of projection with the horizontal?

(a) 30

(b) 60

(c) 45

(d) 120

29. A particle is moving on

circular path as shown in the

figure. Then displacement

from P1 to P2 is

(a) 2r cos

q

2

(c) 2r sinq

P2

P1

q

2

q

(d) 2r sin

2

(b) 2r tan

2

of particle at any time t is r = {(2t )i + (2t )j} m. The

rate of change of q at time t = 2 s (where q is the

angle which its velocity vector makes with positive

x-axis) is

2

1

rad s 1

rad s 1

(a)

(b)

17

14

4

6

rad s 1

rad s 1

(c)

(d)

7

5

solutions

[Wb] = [ML2T2A1]

Wb

2 1

2 =[M T A ]

m

[henry] = [ML2 T2 A2]

H

2 2

2 = [MT A ]

m

ML2

Obviously henry (H) has dimensions

.

Q2

T = 2

L

g

L

\ T 2 = 42

g

or g = 4 2

T2

The maximum percentage error in g is

...(i)

Dg

DL

DT

100 =

100 + 2

100

g

L

T

= 3% + 2 2% = 7%

From (i), we get

g

L

=

2

T

4 2

L

The maximum percentage error in

is

T2

L

D

T 2 100 = Dg 100 = 7%

L

g

2

T

3. (b) : P =

a t2

bx

From, P =

a t2 t2

=

bx

bx

t2

[T2 ]

[b] = =

= [M1L0T4]

Px [ML1T 2 ][L]

\

[T2 ]

a

=

= [ML0T2]

b

[M 1L0 T 4 ]

1

+ A sin(wt + f)

c + dx

As sin(wt + f) is dimensionless, therefore A has

dimensions of force.

\ [A] = [F] = [MLT2]

As each term on RHS represents force

1

\

=F

c + dx

1

=F

c

1

1

\ [c] =

=

= [M 1L1T2 ]

[F ] [MLT2 ]

4. (b) : F = a + bt +

25

same that of dx.

\ [dx] = [c]

[c] [M 1L1T2 ]

=

= [M 1L2 T2 ]

[x]

[L]

The dimensional formula for Ad is

[Ad] = [MLT2][M1L2T2] = [L1]

or

5. (b)

6. (c) : Spherical cartesian co-ordinates are used with

latitudes and longitudes.

Carte also means map in French. This is derived

from Descrate the great mathematician.

7. (c) : [C] =

[B] =

12.

13.

...(i)

(Using (i))

(r 2 )L

F [MLT 2 ]

=

= [M1L0 T2 ]

[L]

x

pascal = unit of pressure

F [MLT 2 ]

= =

= [M1L1T2 ]

A

[L2 ]

1

hertz = unit of frequency = T = [M0L0T1]

joule = unit of work = force distance =[MLT2] [L]

= [M1L2T2].

(d) : The power of 10 is irrelevant to the

determination of significant figures.

(a) : Let length and breadth of a rectangular sheet

are measured by using a metre scale as 16.2 cm and

10.1 cm respectively. Each measurement has three

significant figures.

\ Length l can be written as

l = 16.2 0.1 cm = 16.2 cm 0.6%

Similarly, the breadth b can be written as

b = 10.1 0.1 cm = 10.1 cm 1%

Area of the sheet, A = l b = 163.62 cm2 1.6%

=163.62 2.6 cm2

Therefore, as per rule, area will have only three

significant figures and error will have only one

significant figure. Rounding off, we get

A = 164 3 cm2

(c) : As n1u1 = n2u2

100 g

g

4

= n2

n2 = 40

cm3

(10 cm)3

(c) : By homogeneity of dimensions of LHS and

RHS,

2

Distance (LHS) = [g] [T]2 \ [ g] = [LT ]

e0 A

C =

L

=

,

=

,

=

m

0. 3

r

0. 5

L

6

m

= 1 + 2 + 1 = 4%

=

= [ML3T3A 2 ]

[L]

[L]

M L T

9. (d) : n2 = n1 1 1 1

M2 L2 T2

Dimensional formula of moment of inertia

= [ML2T0]

\ a = 1, b = 2, c = 0

Here, n1 = 12.0, M1 = 1 kg, M2 = 10 g

L1 = 1 m, L2 = 5 cm, T1 = 1 s, T2 = 1 s

Dr

Dm 2Dr DL

\ r 100 = m + r + L 100

=

+

+

100

0. 5

6

0. 3

[F ] [MLT2 ]

=

= [ML0T2 A1]

[I ][l] [A][L]

26

As r =

[q ]

[AT]

=

= [M 1L2T4 A2 ]

2

2

[W ] [ML T ]

Dq

8. (d) : As, C =

DV

A Dq

or e0 =

L DV

(Dq)L

or e0 =

A(DV )

DV

X = e0 L

(Given)

Dt

(Dq)L DV

\ X=

L

A(DV ) Dt

But [A] = [L]2

Dq

\ X=

= current

Dt

(Using (i))

W

q [t ] ML2T2 [T]

e

[L] =

= =

AT [A]

[i]

di

dt

= [ML2T2 A 2 ]

[r] =

1000 g 100 cm

= 12

1

10 g 5 cm

= 12 100 400 = 4.8 105

[d] =

1 kg 1 m 1 s

n2 = 12.0

10 g 5 cm 1 s

...(i)

14.

15.

Rmax =

of ball)

u

(where u is the velocity of the projection

g

or u2 = 100g

...(i)

Using v2 u2 = 2as

(0)2 100g = 2 (g) (H)

or H = 50 m

[Using (i)]

d2 x

dt

1

1

t +t

h = ut1 gt12 = g 1 2 t1 gt12

2

2

2

d

(24 6t 2 ) m s 2

dt

= 12t m s2

10 min

t

\ t2 = 1 =

7 min

2

2

For v = 0, we get

24 6t2 = 0 or t = 2 s

Hence, at t = 2 s, the acceleration will be

a = 12(2) m s2 = 24 m s2

Its magnitude is 24 m s2.

of velocity at A.

u

of projection.

\

u sin(2 75)

or

and

or

= d 10

u

= d 10

2g

u2 sin(2 45)

g

...(i)

= d + 10

u2

= d + 10

g

...(ii)

d 10

1

= or d = 30 m

d + 10 2

19. (c) : As per the laws of

vector addition,

d +e = f

This is as shown in adjacent figure.

(Using (i))

or

dx d

= (24t 2.0t 3 ) m s 1

dt dt

= 24 6t2 m s1

Acceleration, a =

...(i)

t2 t t 1

h = g 1 + 1 2 gt12 or h = 1 gt1t2

2

2 2

2

the free surface and A that of vessel, time t taken to

empty the tank,

A 2H \ t1 = H1 = H1

t=

t2

H2

H1 / 2

A0 g

Velocity, v =

t +t

u= g 1 2

2

20. (d) : Time taken for the particle to reach the highest

t +t

point is 1 2 .

2

As v = u gt

At highest point, v = 0

uH = u cos60 =

60

30

u

ut

\ AC = uH t =

2

2

AB = AC sec 30 =

ut

ut

2

=

2

3

3

Velocity of A, vA = u gt (upwards)

Velocity of B, vB = gt (downwards)

= gt (upwards)

Relative velocity of A with respect

to B is

vAB = vA vB = (u gt) (gt) = u

B

uB = 0

h

uA = u

A

x

Distance covered = km

3

speed = 10 km h1.

The time taken for the journey,

x /3

x

h=

h

10

30

For the next one-third of distance :

x

Distance covered = km.

3

t1 =

27

Speed = 20 km h1

The time taken for travel is

x /3

x

t2 =

h=

h

20

60

For the last one-third of distance :

x

Distance covered = km.

3

1

Speed is 60 km h

The time taken for travel is

x /3

x

t3 =

h=

h

60

180 total distance

x

=

\ Average Speed =

x x

x

total time

+ +

30 60 180

180 x

=

= 18 km h1

10 x

dx

dy

25. (a) : v x =

= 2at ; v y =

= 2bt

dt

dt

\

2

2

v = v 2x + v 2y = 4a2t 2 + 4b2t 2 = 2t a + b

2

H

and v 2y = u2 sin2 q 2 g = u2 sin2q gH

2

u2 sin2 q u2 sin2 q

=

(Using (i))

2

2

1/2

H

\ Net velocity at height = v 2x + v 2y

2

As per question,

1/2

2 2

2 2

2

v x + v 2y

= v H or

v + v 2y = v H

5

5 x

2 2

u2

2

or

sin2 q = u2 cos2 q

u cos q +

5

2

or sin q = 3 cos q

or sin2q = 3cos2q

v 2y = u2 sin2 q

or tan q = 3 = tan 60

or

q = 60

27. (b) : Velocity of the passenger with respect to

ground

vPG = vPE + vEG = 6 + 3 = 9 km h1

120 m

x

240

s = 48 s

Time taken t =

=

=

5

v PG

5

1

9 m s

18

28

1

3 1

m(u cos q)2 = mu2

2

4 2

3

3

2

or cos q =

or cos q =

= cos 30

4

2

or q = 30

29. (d) :

P2

r

x

P1

r

cos q =

u sin q

u sin q

...(i)

or gH =

2g

2

Velocity at highest point, vH = u cosq

Let vx, vy be the horizontal and vertical velocity of

H

projectile at height . Then

2

v = ucosq

H=

28. (a) :

r2 + r2 x2

2r 2

or 2r 2 cos q = r 2 + r 2 x 2

or x2 = 2r2 2r2cosq = 2r2 [1 cosq]

q

= 2r 2 2 sin2

2

Displacement from P1 to P2 is

q

x = 2r sin

2

^

^

Comparing it with standard equation of position

^

dy

dx

= 4t

= 2 and v y =

vx =

dt

dt

v y 4t

\ tan q =

= = 2t

vx 2

Differentiating with respect to time we get,

dq

=2

dt

dq

(1 + tan2 q) = 2

dt

dq

2

=

dt 1 + 4t 2

(sec2 q)

or

or

or

(1 + 4t 2 )

dq

=2

dt

2

2

dq

at t = 2 s, =

rad s 1

=

2

dt 1 + 4(2) 17

3. (b) :

Solution Set-22

weight acting vertically downwards; N1, reaction

due to her weight; N2, horizontal reaction which

provides the centripetal acceleration.

a/2

a

=

As

sin sin(p q)

pressure = 105 N m2

gRT RT P

v=

,

=

M

M

mv 2

Fx = N 2 =

r

SFy = N1 mg = 0

v = (2pr)u

(where u is frequency)

= (2p 9) (6/60)

= 1.8p m s1

Therefore,

2

(50)(1.8p)

= 178 N

9

N1 = mg = 490 N

The magnitude of her weight is the magnitude of

the resultant force exerted on her by the chair.

N2 =

N = N12 + N 22

= 4902 + 1782 = 521 N

2. (c): Let T be the time of flight and u be the initial

velocity of the stone then

u

A

and T =

u2 sin 2q

g

...(i)

2u sin q

g

...(ii)

Eliminating u, we get

tan q =

10 102

1

gT 2

=

=

4R 4 250 3

3

\ q = 30

v=

gP

g=

v 2 (330)2 1.3

=

= 1. 4

P

105

5. (d) : Along the vertical direction,

Net impulse due to normal = change in momentum

...(i)

Ndt = m (v/2) + mv cos q

(where N is the normal by the floor on the ball)

Along the horizontal direction,

Friction force, f = mN

Let horizontal velocity of the ball after collision = v

Net impulse due to friction = change in momentum

in horizontal direction

m Ndt = mv mv sin q

(Using eqn. (i))

\ v = v sin q m(v/2) + v cos q}

6. (c):

mg

2

mg

T = Tcosq =

cos q

2sin q

mg

\ T=

2 tan q

Tsinq =

B

2R

2R =

= mmg.

Tension T2 to move 2nd block = mmg + 2T3

= 3mmg.

Force F required to move the first block

= 2T2 + mmg = 7mmg.

physics for you | june 15

29

direction

cos 30

h = l

+l

d2 y

2

dy 2

1 +

dx

R=

d2 y

lcos30= l 3/2

60

60

l

1 kg

JT

JT

30

(1 + 1)3/2

= 10 (2)3/2

1

10

v2

36

9 2

aR = T =

=

units

R 20 2 10

l 3

Work done by gravity = mg h = mg

+ l

4

3 +4

= mgl

4

1 kg

= 10 2 2 2 = 20 2

Normal acceleration

9. (b) :

3/2

dx 2

1

10

dx

Radius of curvature at the given point is

CM

10 cos30 N s

10 N s

30

Here 10cos30 JT = JT

[Both the masses will move with same velocity

along the string]

5

JT = 5 cos 30 =

3N s

2

10. (b) : Equation of path,

x2

20

x

dy x dx

v

=

, vy =

10 x

dt 10 dt

At x = 10

vy = vx

y=

Total v =

v 2x

+ v 2y ,

6=

36

= = 18 , v x = 3 2

2

vy = 3 2

2v 2x

v 2x

constant, tangential acceleration will be zero. It has

only normal acceleration.

Now

x2

y=

20

dy 2x x

\ dy

=

=

dx x =10 = 1

dx 20 10

30

Guneet Kaur

Harsh Gupta

rizwan Khan

Aditya srivastava

Chandra shekhar Panigrahi

rajneesh Kumar

sEt-22

1. Swayangdipta Bera

2. Debajyoti Dash (West Bengal)

3. Sayantan Bhanja (West Bengal)

sEt-21

1. Komal Khatri (Pune)

2. Girish Ranjan (Bihar)

1.

2.

The phase of the wave is

(a) f

(b) kx wt

(c) wt + f

(d) kx wt + f

Name of units of some physical quantities are given

in List I and their dimensional formulae are given

in List II. Match List I with List II and select the

correct answer.

List I

Pa s

P.

Q. N m K1

R. J kg1K1

S. W m1 K1

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

List II

[M0L2T2K1]

[MLT3K1]

[ML1T1]

[ML2T2K1]

P

Q

R

S

(a) 4

3

1

2

(b) 3

2

4

1

(c) 3

1

4

2

(d) 3

4

1

2

The apparent weight of a person in a lift moving

downwards is half his apparent weight in the same

lift moving upwards with the same acceleration.

The acceleration of the lift is

g

g

g

(a) g

(b)

(c)

(d)

2

3

4

The ratio of the angular velocities of the earth about

its own axis and the hour hand of a watch is

(a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 1 (c) 1 : 12 (d) 12 : 1

Consider the following statements :

Nuclear force is

1. charge independent

2. long range

3. central

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1 and 3

6.

299. The permeability of the material of the rod is

(m0 = 4p 107 H m1)

(a) 3771 105 H m1 (b) 3771 106 H m1

(c) 3771 107 H m1 (d) 3771 108 H m1

7.

x = 2sin t, y = 3cost and z = 5 sin t. The speed of

the particle at any instant is

(a) 3 2 sint

(b) 3 cos 2t

(c) 3 sin 2t

8.

9.

receiving antenna is at the ground level, the

maximum distance between them for satisfactory

communication in LOS mode is

(Radius of the earth = 6.4 106 m)

128

(a) 64 10 km

(b)

km

10

64

(c) 128 10 km

(d)

km

10

A battery of emf 3 V and internal resistance 0.2 W

is being charged with a current of 5 A. What is the

potential difference between the terminals of the

battery?

(a) 2 V

(b) 3 V

(c) 3.5 V (d) 4 V

water

(a) increases

(b) decreases

(c) remains constant (d) nothing can be said

Finding the market closed, he instantly turns back

and reaches his house with a speed of 7.5 km h1.

The average speed of the person is

physics for you | june 15

31

5

14

(b) m s 1

m s 1

3

3

1

5

(c) m s 1

(d) m s 1

3

6

12. The half life of a radioactive element is 10 h. The

fraction of initial activity of the element that will

remain after 40 h is

1

1

1

1

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

4

16

8

2

13. Light travels from air to water, from water to glass

and then again from glass to air. If x represents

refractive index of water with respect to air, y

represents refractive index of glass with respect to

water and z represents refractive index of air with

respect to glass, then which one of the following is

correct?

(a) xy = z

(b) yz = x

(c) zx = y

(d) xyz = 1

wave-particle duality?

(a) Wave-particle duality holds for matter particles

but not for light.

(b) Wave-particle duality holds for light but not for

matter particles.

(c) Wave-particle duality holds for electrons but

not for protons.

(d) Wave-particle duality holds for light as well as

for matter particles.

(a)

(a) Mass

(b) Speed

(c) Momentum

(d) Kinetic energy

and 2 W respectively. When a shunt resistance S is

connected to X, the balancing point is found to be

0.625 m from A. Then, the resistance of the shunt

is

sound in air is 328 m s1, then the length of the pipe is

(a) 0.40 m

(b) 0.04 m

(c) 0.50 m

(d) 0.25 m

10 g, the power of the gun is

(a) 7.2 kW

(b) 72 kW

(c) 3.6 kW

(d) 36 kW

1

times by using shunt

40

resistance of 10 W. Then, the value of the resistance

of the galvanometer is

(a) 400 W

(b) 410 W

(c) 30 W

(d) 390 W

current is decreased by

expanding under the condition V T 2/3 is

(R = 8.31 J mol1K1)

(a) 116.2 J

(b) 136.2 J

(c) 166.2 J

(d) 186.2 J

(a) 5 W

(b) 10 W

5

y = 10 x x 2 m. The range of the projectile is

9

17. A ray of light travels from an optically denser

for the two media is C. The maximum possible

angle of deviation of the ray is

p

(a) C

(b) p 2C

2

p

(c) 2C

(d) + C

2

32

charges C and D repel each other. If A and D are

held close together then which one of the following

is correct?

(a) They cannot affect each other.

(b) They attract each other.

(c) They repel each other.

(d) Cannot be predicted due to insufficient data.

(a) 110

(b) 0.950.99

(c) 20100

(d) 200300

20

100

and

,

21

101

required to prevent it from sliding down the plane.

If the coefficient of friction between the body and

1

the inclined plane is

, the angle of the inclined

2 3

plane is

(a) 60

(b) 45

(c) 30

(d) 15

beam of light is incident on the cathode, it is found

that a stopping potential 4.144 V is required to

reduce the current to zero. The frequency of the

incident radiation is (h = 6.63 1034 J s)

(a) 2.5 1015 Hz

(b) 2 1015 Hz

15

(c) 4.144 10 Hz (d) 3 1016 Hz

The rms current is

0.55

(a) 0.55 A

(b)

A

2

2

(c)

(d) 2 A

A

0.55

amplitudes of the two interfering waves will be

(a) 3 : 7

(b) 7 : 4

(c) 4 : 7

(d) 7 : 5

magnetic moment of the coil is

1

A m2

4

(a) p A m2

(b)

(c) p A m2

(d) 4p A m2

^

free space is E = 30 cos(kz 6 108 t ) i Vm 1 . The

magnitude of wave vector is

(a) 2 rad m1

(b) 3 rad m1

(c) 4 rad m1

(d) 6 rad m1

figure. The magnitude of the resultant electric field

in the region marked I is

1

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

29. On a temperature scale Y, water freezes at 160Y

of 340 K is

(a) 106.3Y

(b) 96.3Y

(c) 86.3Y

(d) 76.3Y

(a)

3pr

G

(b)

3p

2rG

(c)

3p

rG

(d)

3pG

r

(a)

s1

2e 0

(b)

s2

2e 0

(c)

s1 + s 2

2e 0

(d)

s1 s 2

2e 0

between two parallel plates 6 mm apart, by applying

a potential difference of 1200 V between them. How

many electrons does the oil drop carry ?(g = 10 m s2)

(a) 7

(b) 8

(c) 9

(d) 10

36. Two long wires each parallel to the z-axis and each

carrying current I, are at (0, 0) and (a, b). The force

per unit length of each wire is

m0 I 2 (a + b)

m0 I 2

(a)

(b)

2 p(a2 + b2 )

2 p(a2 + b2 )

2

m0 I

m0 I 2

(c)

(d)

2 p(a2 + b2 )3/2

2 p(a2 + b2 )1/2

physics for you | june 15

33

wire going over a smooth pulley

as shown in the adjacent figure.

The breaking stress of the metal is

40

106 N m 2. What should be

3p

the minimum radius of wire used

if it should not break?

(g = 10 m s2)

(a) 0.5 mm

(b) 1 mm

(c) 1.5 mm

(d) 2 mm

38. A rectangular coil is rotating in a uniform magnetic

when the plane of the coil

(a) is parallel to B

(b) makes an angle 30 with B

(c) makes an angle 45 with B

(d) is perpendicular to B

correct?

1. The electric field at the axis of the conductor is

zero.

2. The magnetic field at the axis of the conductor

is zero.

Select the correct answer using the code given

below :

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) both 1 and 2

(d) neither 1 nor 2

1

it is at a distance of

of its amplitude from the

N

mean position is

(a) N2 + 1

(c) N2

1

N2

(d) N2 1

(b)

are moments of inertia about PQ, QR and PR axes

respectively, then

34

(c) I2 > I1 > I3

(b) I1 = I2 = I3

(d) I3 > I1 > I2

volume of water that will come out from this hole

per second is (g = 10 m s2)

(a) 103 m3 s1

(b) 104 m3s1

3 1

(c) 10 m s

(d) 102 m3s1

5.67 108 W m2 K4, then heat radiated by it in

0.3 minutes is

(a) 1701 J

(b) 17010 J

(c) 102060 J

(d) 1020 J

plates. In order to increase the capacity by 66%, a

dielectric slab of dielectric constant 5 is introduced

between the plates. What is the thickness of the

dielectric slab?

d

d

(a)

(b)

4

2

5d

(c)

(d) d

8

45. A simple pendulum is executing SHM with a

period of 6 s between two extreme positions B and

C about a point O. If the length of the arc BC is

10 cm, how long will the pendulum take to move

from position C to a position D towards O exactly

midway between C and O ?

(a) 0.5 s

(b) 1 s

(c) 1.5 s

(d) 3 s

soLuTioNs

1. (d) : The argument of the sine function is called the

phase.

Thus the phase of the wave is kx wt + f.

2. (d) : P. Dimensional formula of Pa s

= [ML1T2][T] = [ML1T1]

Q. Dimensional formula of N m K1

= [MLT2][L][K1]

= [ML2T2K1]

R. Dimensional formula of J kg1 K1

= [ML2 T2][M1][K1] = [M0L2T2K1]

S. Dimensional formula of W m1 K1

= [ML2 T3][L1][K1] = [MLT3K1]

Thus P 3, Q 4, R 1, S 2

When the lift is moving downwards with

acceleration a, then the apparent weight of the

person inside it,

Wapp = m(g a)

where m is the mass of the person.

When it is moving upwards with same acceleration

a, then his apparent weight is

Wapp = m(g + a)

1

As Wapp = Wapp

(given)

2

1

\ m( g a) = m( g + a)

2

2(g a) = g + a or 2g 2a = g + a

g

3a = g or a =

3

4. (a) : The earth completes one rotation about its own

axis in 24 h. Its angular velocity is

2p rad

w1 =

24 h

The hour hand completes one rotation in 12 h. Its

angular velocity is

2 p rad

w2 =

12 h

Their corresponding ratio is

2 p rad

24 h

w1

12 1

=

=

=

w2 2 p rad 24 2

12 h

5. (a) : Nuclear force is charge independent, short

range and non-central.

6. (c) : The permeability (m), permeability of vacuum

(m0) and magnetic susceptibility (c) are related as

m = m0(1 + c)

Here, m0 = 4p 107 H m1, c = 299

\

m = 4p 107 H m1(1 + 299)

22

=4

107 300 H m1

7

= 3771 107 H m1

7. (d) : Here, x = 2sint, y = 3cost and z = 5 sint

dx d

\ vx =

= (2sint) = 2cost

dt dt

dy d

vy =

= (3 cost) = 3sint

dt dt

dz d

= ( 5 sin t ) = 5 cos t

and vz =

dt dt

The speed of the particle at any instant is

v=

v 2x + v 2y + v z2

= 5+4

( sin2 q + cos2 q = 1)

=3

Hence it is independent of time.

8. (b) : Here,

Radius of the earth, R = 6.4 106 m

Height of transmitting antenna, hT = 128 m

The maximum distance (dM) between the transmitting

and receiving antennas for satisfactory communication

in LOS mode is

dM = 2RhT + 2RhR

where hR is the height of the receiving antenna.

As the receiving antenna is at the ground level

so, hR = 0.

\

dM =

6

2

= 12.8 128 10 m

m

10

128 103

128

m =

km

=

10

10

9. (d) : The potential difference between the terminals

of the battery during charging is

V = e + Ir

Here, e = 3 V, r = 0.2 W, I = 5 A

\ V = (3 V) + (5 A)(0.2 W) = 3 V + 1 V = 4 V

=

when NaCl is added to water, the surface tension of

water increases.

11. (b) : Time taken by person to reach the market is

2.5 km 1

= h

t1 =

5 km h 1 2

and time taken by him to return back to his house is

2.5 km

1

= h

t2 =

1

3

7.5 km h

1

1

5

\ Total time taken = t1 + t2 = h + h = h

2

3

6

Total distance travelled = 2.5 km + 2.5 km = 5 km

The average speed of the person is

physics for you | june 15

35

=

Total time taken

5

h

6

5

5

= 6 km h1 = 6

m s1 = m s1

3

18

12. (b) : If A0 be initial activity of the element, then

fraction of initial activity after time t is

vav =

t /T

A 1 1/2

=

A0 2

where T1/2 is the half life.

Here, t = 40 h, T1/2 = 10 h

\

A 1

=

A0 2

40 h /10 h

1

1

= =

2 16

where the subscripts a, w and g represent air, water

and glass respectively.

Here, amw = x, wmg = y and gma = z

xyz = 1

\

14. (d)

15. (b) :

angle of projection with the horizontal.

We get

tanq = 10

...(i)

g

5

=

and

...(ii)

2u2cos2q 9

Dividing eqn. (i) by eqn. (ii), we get

tan q

10

=

g

5

9

2u2cos2q

sin q

cos q = 90

g

5

2

2

2u cos q

2u2sin q cos q 90

=

g

5

The range of the projectile is

u 2sin 2q

R=

g

=

2u 2 sin q cos q

g

= 18 m

17. (b)

When the resistance S is connected in parallel with

X, the balance point is obtained at 0.625 m (= 62.5 cm)

from A.

XS

62.5 cm

62.5 cm

X

+S =

=

\

Y

(100 62.5) cm 37.5 cm

(5 W)S

(5 W + S) 5

=

2W

3

(5 W)S

5

=

2 W(5 W + S) 3

(15 W)S = (10 W)(5 W + S)

(15 W)S = (10 W)(5 W) + (10 W)S

(15 W)S (10 W)S =(10 W)(5 W)

(5 W)S = (10 W)(5 W)

(10 W)(5 W)

S=

= 10 W

(5 W)

5

16. (c) : Comparing the equation y = 10x x 2 with

9

the equation of trajectory of a projectile

y = x tan q

36

gx 2

2u2cos2q

...(iii)

(using (iii))

The resonance frequencies of vibration in the open

pipe are

nv

un = ; n = 1, 2, 3, ........

2L

where v is the speed of sound in air.

And the difference between successive frequencies is

v

v

( Dn = 1)

Dun = Dn =

2L

2L

or

L=

v

2Dun

Here, v = 328 m s1

Dun = 2600 Hz 1944 Hz = 656 Hz

328 m s 1 1

\ L=

= m = 0.25 m

2(656 Hz) 4

19. (a) : Here,

Mass of the bullet, m = 10 g = 10 103 kg

Velocity of the bullet, v = 600 m s1

The number of bullets fired per second is

240

n=

=4

60

1

1

P = nmv 2 = 4 10 103 (600)2 W

2

2

= 72 102 W = 7.2 kW

20. (d) : Let the resistance of the galvanometer be G.

I G

As shunt resistance, S = g

(I Ig )

(I Ig )S

\ G=

Ig

1

Here, Ig = I , S = 10 W

40

I

I 40 (10 W)

\

G=

= (39)(10 W) = 390 W

I

40

21. (d)

22. (c) : Work done, dW = PdV

According to an ideal gas equation

nRT

PV = nRT or P =

V

dV

\ dW = nRT

V

As V T2/3 (given)

\ V = KT2/3

where K is a constant of proportionality.

Differentiating both sides, we get

2

dV = K T 1/3dT

3

\

2

K T 1/3dT

3

dV

2

2 dT

= T 1dT =

=

V

3

3 T

KT 2/3

2 dT 2

dW = nRT

= nRdT

3 T 3

\ W=

T2

2

2

2

2

nRdT

=

nR

dT = nR(T2 T1)

3

3 T

3

T

1

T2 T1 = 30C = 30 K

2

\ W = (1)(8.31 J mol 1K 1)(30 K) = 166.2 J

3

23. (c)

24. (c) : The a and b are related by the relation

a

b=

1 a

...(i)

20

21

20

20

b = 21 = 21 = 20

20 1

1

21 21

100

,

For a =

101

For a =

100

100

b = 101 = 101 = 100

100

1

1

101 101

Thus the value of b lies between 20-100.

1

25. (c) : Here, m =

2 3

Let m be mass of the body and q be angle of the

inclined plane.

The minimum force required to move the body up

the inclined plane is

F1 = mgsinq + mmgcosq = mg(sinq + mcosq)

and the minimum force required to prevent it from

sliding down the plane is

F2 = mgsinq mmgcosq

= mg(sinq mcosq)

As F1 = 3F2 (given)

\ mg(sinq + mcosq) = 3mg(sinq mcosq)

sinq + mcosq = 3sinq 3mcosq

2sinq = 4mcosq

1 1

tanq = 2m = 2

=

2 3

3

1

q = tan 1

= 30

3

26. (b) : Here,

Threshold frequency, u0 = 1 1015 Hz

Stopping potential, V0 = 4.144 V

Plancks constant, h = 6.63 1034 J s

According to Einsteins photoelectric equation

Kmax = hu f0

where u is the frequency of incident radiation.

or hu = Kmax + f0

But f0 = hu0 and Kmax = eV0

\ hu = hu0 + eV0

eV

or u = u 0 + 0

h

(1.6 10 19 C)(4.144 V)

15

= 1 10 Hz +

(6.63 10 34 J s)

15

= 1 10 Hz + 1 1015 Hz = 2 1015 Hz

physics for you | june 15

37

V = V0 sinwt, we get

V0 = 220 V and w = 50 rad s1

The capacitive reactance is

104

1

1

XC =

=

=

W

wC (50 rad s 1 )(50 106 C)

25

The rms current is

V0

Vrms

V

( Vrms = 0 )

Irms =

= 2

XC

XC

2

220

V

220 25

0.55

2

= 4

= 4

A=

A

2

10 2

10

W

25

28. (d) : The symbol for NAND gate is

29. (c) :

to 340 K on kelvin scale, then

340 K 273 K

TY (160Y)

=

50Y (160Y) 373 K 273 K

TY + 160Y 67 K

=

110Y

100 K

TY + 160Y = 0.67(110Y)

TY + 160Y = 73.7Y

TY = 73.7Y 160Y = 86.3Y

30. (c) : As the satellite is revolving very close to the

planet, its period of revolution is

R3

...(i)

GM

where M is the mass of the planet, R is its radius

and G is the universal gravitational constant.

M

4

As r =

or M = pR3r

4 3

3

pR

3

Putting this value of M in eqn.(i), we get

T = 2p

T = 2p

38

R3

3

= 2p

4

4 prG

G pR3r

3

3(4 p2 )

3p

=

4 prG

rG

interfering waves. Then

2

I max (A1 + A2 )

=

I min (A1 A2 )2

But

\

I max 36

= (given)

I min 1

(A1 + A2 )2 36

=

(A1 A2 )2 1

A1 + A2 6

=

A1 A2 1

A1 + A2 = 6(A1 A2)

A1 + A2 = 6A1 6A2

A 7

5A1 = 7A2 or 1 =

A2 5

coil of N turns of radius r, then

l

l = N2pr or r =

N 2p

Here, l = 6.28 m, N = 2

6.28 m

1

\ r =

= m = 0. 5 m

2(2 3.14) 2

The area of the coil is

A = pr2 = p(0.5 m)2 = 0.25p m2

The magnetic moment of the coil,

M = NIA = (2)(0.5 A)(0.25p m2)

p

= 0.25p A m2 = A m 2

4

33. (a) : Comparing the given equation with

^

E = E0 cos(kz wt ) i

we get, w = 6 108 rad s1

The velocity of electromagnetic wave in free space is

c = 3 108 m s1

The magnitude of wave vector is

8

1

w 6 10 rad s

= 2 rad m 1

k= =

8

1

c 3 10 m s

34. (c) :

sheets 1 and 2 act in the same direction.

the region I is

s + s2

s

s

EI = E1 + E2 = 1 + 2 = 1

2e0 2e0

2e0

35. (d) : Here,

Mass of the drop, m = 3.2 1014 kg

Distance between the plates,

d = 6 mm = 6 103 m

Potential difference between the plates,

V = 1200 V

The electric field between the plates is

1200 V

V

E= =

d 6 103 m

Let the charge on the drop be q.

As the drop is held stationary,

\ Upward force on drop = Weight of the drop

due to electric field

qE = mg

V

q = mg

d

mgd

q=

V

Tension

Area of cross-section

breaking stress.

If the minimum radius needed to avoid breaking

is r, then

Breaking stress =

T

pr 2

40

N

40

106 N m 2 = 3 2

3p

pr

40

N

2

3

= 1 106 m2

r =

40

p

106 N m 2

3p

r = 103m = 1 mm

e = NBAwsinwt

p

i.e.

2

when the plane of the coil is parallel to the field.

This is maximum when sinwt = 1 or wt =

1200 V

= 1.6 1018 C

The number of electrons the drop carries is

18

q 1.6 10 C

n= =

= 10

e 1.6 10 19 C

36. (d) : The force per unit length of each wire is

m0 I1I2

2 pd

where I1 and I2 are the currents in the two wires

respectively and d is the distance between them.

f =

Here, I1 = I2 = I, d = a2 + b2

m0 I 2

2 p a 2 + b2

Breaking stress =

\ f =

40

106 N m 2

3p

2

T=

=

= N

(m1 + m2 )

(1 kg + 2 kg)

3

39. (c)

40. (d) : The kinetic energy of the body executing

simple harmonic motion at a distance x from the

mean position is

1

K = mw2 ( A2 x 2 )

2

1

and the potential energy is U = mw2 x 2

2

where A is the amplitude, w is the angular frequency

and m is the mass of the body.

2

1

A

A

At x = , K = mw2 A2

N

2

N

1

A

and U = mw2

N

2

K

=

U

1

A

mw2 A2

N

2

1

A

mw2

N

2

2 A2

A 2

N

A2

N2

39

A2 2

(N 1)

2

=N

= N2 1

A2

N2

41. (a) : The centre of mass of a triangular lamina lies at

from its centroid is inversely proportional to the

length of that side, so

rPQ > rQR > rPR

\ I1 > I2 > I3 or I3 < I2 < I1

42. (a) : Here,

A = 1 cm2 = 104 m2

Height of the tank, h = 5 m

According to Torricellis theorem,

Speed of water coming out of the hole is

2

1

v = 2gh = 2(10 m s )( 5 m) = 10 m s

Volume of water coming out of the hole per second is

43. (c) : According to Stefan-Boltzmann law,

Heat radiated by a perfect black body is

Q = sAT4t

where the symbols have their usual meanings.

Here, s = 5.67 108 W m2 K4

A = 0.1 m2

T = 727C = (727 + 273) K = 1000 K

t = 0.3 min = 0.3 60 s = 18 s

\ Q = (5.67 108 W m2 K4)(0.1 m2)(1000 K)4 (18 s)

= 102060 J

44. (b) : The capacity of a parallel plate capacitor when

eA

... (i)

C= 0

d

where A is the area of cross-section of each plate.

When the dielectric slab of dielectric constant

K (= 5) of thickness t is introduced between the

plates, then its capacity becomes

e0 A

e0 A

eA

C =

= 0

=

4

1

1

d t 1

d t 1 d t

K

5

5

66

166

But C = C +

C=

C (given)

100

100

40

eA

166

C= 0

4

100

d t

5

Dividing eqn. (i) by eqn. (ii), we get

4

100 d 5 t

=

166

d

664

100d = 166d

t

5

664

t = 66d

5

330

d

t=

d = 0.5d =

664

2

\

... (ii)

and C represent extreme positions and D is the

midpoint between C and O.

Since B and C are the extreme positions, therefore

amplitude of the SHM oscillation is

BC 10 cm

A = OC =

=

= 5 cm

2

2

As D is the midpoint between C and O,

OC A 5

\ CD =OD =

= = cm

2

2 2

Since time is noted from extreme position, hence

displacement x from the mean position at any time

t is

x = Acoswt

Let t1 be the time taken by the pendulum to move

from C to D. Then

A

At t = t1, x =

2

A

= A cos wt1

\

2

1

= cos wt1

2

p

2p

2p

cos = cos t1

w =

T

T

3

t1 =

T 6s

=

=1s

6

6

nn

Kerala PMT

1.

(a) 1 angstrom = 1010 m

(b) 1 fermi = 1015 m

(c) 1 light year = 9.46 1015 m

(d) 1 parsec = 3.08 1016 m

(e) 1 astronomical unit = 1.496 1011 m

2.

(a) The motion of an object along a straight line

is a rectilinear motion.

(b) The speed in general is less than the magnitude

of the velocity.

(c) The slope of the displacement-time graph gives

the velocity of the body.

(d) The area under the velocity-time graph gives

the displacement of the body.

(e) The negative slope of speed-time graph

indicates a retarded motion.

3.

4.

projection is 40. For the same velocity of projection

and range, the other possible angle of projection is

(a) 45

(b) 50 (c) 60

(d) 40

(e) 30

5.

(a) weight of body (b) temperature gradient

(c) elementary area

(d) magnetic field strength

(e) electric potential

6.

plane surface does not involve force?

(a) Accelerated motion in a straight line.

(b) Retarded motion in a straight line.

(c) Motion with constant momentum along a

straight line.

(d) Motion along a straight line with varying

velocity.

(e) Motion in a circle with uniform speed.

7.

(a) Newton's laws of motion hold good for both

inertial and non-inertial frames.

(b) During explosion, linear momentum is

conserved.

(c) Area under force-time graph gives the

magnitude of impulse.

(d) Force of friction is zero when no driving force

is applied.

(e) The apparent weight of a lift moving upwards

with uniform velocity, equals its true weight.

8.

same kinetic energy. Then the ratio of their

momenta is equal to the ratio of their

(a) masses

(b) square of masses

(c) square root of masses

(d) cube root of masses

(e) inverse of masses

is shown in figure. It indicates that

throughout

(b) the acceleration of the particle is constant

throughout

(c) the particle starts with a constant velocity and

is accelerated

(d) the particle starts from rest and is accelerated

throughout

(e) the motion is retarded and finally the particle

stops

41

9.

same velocities are stopped by the same force. Then

the ratio of their stopping distances is

(a) 1 : 2

(b) 2 : 1

(c) 2 : 1

(d) 1 : 2

(e) 1 : 3

of radii r and 2r respectively, then the moment of

inertia of A is

(a) the same as that of B

(b) twice that of B

(c) four times that of B

(d) half that of B

(e) one-fourth that of B

11. Choose the wrong statement.

(a) The centre of mass of a uniform circular ring

is at its geometric centre.

(b) Moment of inertia is a scalar quantity.

(c) Radius of gyration is a vector quantity.

(d) For same mass and radius, the moment of

inertia of a ring is twice that of a uniform

disc.

(e) Force in translational motion is analogous to

torque in rotational motion.

12. Orbital velocity of earth satellite does not depend

on

(a) mass of the earth

(b) mass of the satellite

(c) radius of the earth

(d) acceleration due to gravity

(e) its height from the surface of earth

13. Gravitational potential energy of a body of mass

m at a height of h above the surface of earth

(M = mass of earth, R = radius of earth) is

GMm

GMm

(a)

(b)

( R + h)

h

Gm

GM

(c)

(d)

( R + h)

( R + h)

(e)

GMm

( R + h)

a water tank. If the stones are unloaded into water,

the water level

(a) rises till half the number of stones are unloaded

and then begins to fall

(b) remains unchanged

(c) rises

42

and then begins to rise

(e) falls

15. Two wires of same length and same material but

of radii r and 2r are stretched by forces F and f

respectively to produce equal elongation. The ratio

F to f is

(a) 1 : 1

(b) 1 : 2 (c) 2 : 1

(d) 1 : 4

(e) 4 : 1

16. Choose the correct statement.

(a) Ter mina l velo cit ies of rain drops are

proportional to square of their radii.

(b) Water proof agents decrease the angle of

contact between water and fibres.

(c) Detergents increase the surface tension of

water.

(d) Hydraulic machines work on the principle of

Torricelli's law.

(e) Venturimeter measures the flow speed of

compressible fluids.

17. If DU represents the increase in internal energy and

W the work done by the thermodynamic system,

then

(a) DU = W is an isothermal process

(b) DU = W is an isothermal process

(c) DU = W is an adiabatic process

(d) DU = W is an adiabatic process

(e) DU = W is an isochoric process

18. If the energy input to a Carnot engine is thrice

the work it performs then, the fraction of energy

rejected to the sink is

1

1

2

2

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

4

3

5

3

3

(e)

4

19. The ratio of rms speed of an ideal gas molecules at

pressure P to that at pressure 2P is

(a) 1 : 2

(b) 2 : 1

(c) 1 : 2

(d) 2 : 1

(e) 1 : 1

20. A pendulum of time period 2 s on earth is taken to

another planet whose mass and diameter are twice

that of earth. Then its time period on the planet is

(in second)

1

1

(a)

(b) 2 2 (c)

(d) 2

2

2

(e)

simple harmonic motion is

(a) kinetic energy

(b) potential energy

(c) restoring force

(d) displacement

(e) frequency

22. Sound waves

(a) can be polarized (b) can exhibit diffraction

(c) are transverse in nature

(d) can travel in free space

(e) travel slower in liquids than in air

23. If a closed organ pipe has the same third harmonic

frequency as that of an open organ pipe, then their

respective lengths are in the ratio

(a) 1 : 1

(b) 1 : 2

(c) 1 : 4

(d) 3 : 4

(e) 4 : 5

24. A particle of mass 1.96 1015 kg is kept in

equilibrium between two horizontal metal plates

having potential difference of 400 V separated

apart by 0.02 m. Then the charge on the particle is

(e = electronic charge)

(a) 3e

(b) 6e

(c) 2e

(d) 5e

(e) 4e

25. Two small spherical shells A and B are given positive

charge of 9 C and 4 C respectively and placed such

that their centres are separated by 10 m. If P is a

point in betweeen them where the electric field

intensity is zero, then the distance of the point P

from the centre of A is

(a) 5 m

(b) 6 m (c) 7 m

(d) 8 m

(e) 4 m

26. Identify the wrong statement.

(a) Charge is a vector quantity.

(b) Current is a scalar quantity.

(c) Charge can be quantised.

(d) Charge is additive in nature.

(e) Charge is conserved.

27. When the rate of flow of charge through a metallic

conductor of non uniform cross section is uniform,

then the quantity that remains constant along the

conductor is

(a) current density (b) electric field

(c) electric potential (d) drift velocity

(e) current

28. The resistance of a carbon resistor of colour code

red, red, green, silver is (in kW)

(a) 2200 5%

(b) 2200 10%

(c) 220 10%

(d) 220 5%

(e) 2200 1%

29. The slope of the graph showing the variation of

potential difference V on x-axis and current on

y-axis gives conductors

(a) resistance

(b) resistivity

(c) reciprocal of resistance

(d) conductivity

(e) impedance

30. Identify the mismatched pair.

(a) Hard magnet

- Alnico

(b) Soft magnet

- Soft iron

(c) Bar magnet

- Equivalent solenoid

(d) Electromagnet

- Electric bells

(e) Permanent magnet - Loud speaker

31. When the temperature of a magnetic material

decreases, the magnetization

(a) decreases in a diamagnetic material

(b) decreases in a paramagnetic material

(c) decreases in a ferromagnetic material

(d) remains the same in a ferromagnetic material

(e) remains the same in a diamagnetic material

32. The magnetic field at the centre of a circular coil

carrying current I ampere is B. If the coil is bent

into smaller circular coil of n turns, its magnetic

field at the centre is B. The ratio between B and B

is

(a) 1 : 1

(b) n : 1

(c) n2 : 1

(d) 2n : 1

(e) (n + 1) : 1

33. The magnetic flux linked with a circuit of resistance

R changes by Df in a time Dt. Then the total quantity

of charge Q that passes at any point in the circuit

during the time Dt is

Df

1 Df

(a)

(b)

R

R Dt

Df

Df

(c) R

(d)

Dt

Dt

(e)

Df

R2

34. In an LCR series resonant circuit, the capacitance

is changed from C to 4C. For the same resonant

frequency, the inductance should be changed from L to

L

L

(a) 2L

(b)

(c) 4L

(d)

2

4

L

(e)

8

physics for you | june 15

43

in nearby metal bodies and the currents are called

as

(a) eddy currents

(b) flux currents

(c) alternating currents

(d) leakage currents

(e) wattless currents

36. Ozone layer in the atmosphere absorbs

(a) radio waves

(b) infrared waves

(c) ultraviolet rays (d) X-rays

(e) microwaves

37. The magnifying power of a convex lens of focal

length 10 cm when the image is formed at the near

point is

(a) 6

(b) 5.5

(c) 4

(d) 3.5

(e) 2

38. The waves that require a medium to travel is

(a) infrared radiation (b) ultraviolet radiation

(c) visible light

(d) X-rays

(e) ultrasound

39. In Young's double slit experiment, the locus of

the point P lying in a plane with a constant path

difference between the two interfering waves is

(a) a hyperbola

(b) a straight line

(c) an ellipse

(d) a parabola

(e) a circle

40. The ratio of the respective de Broglie wavelengths

associated with electrons accelerated from rest

with the voltages 100 V, 200 V and 300 V is

(a) 1 : 2 : 3

(b) 1 : 4 : 9

1 1

1 1

(c) 1 :

(d) 1 : :

:

2 3

2 3

(e) 3 : 2 : 1

41. A radioactive source of half-life 2 hours emits

radiation of intensity which is 64 times the

permissible safe level. The minimum time in hours

after which it would be possible to work safely with

the source is

(a) 12

(b) 8

(c) 6

(d) 24

(e) 3

42. Nuclear fusion is not found in

(a) thermonuclear reactor

(b) hydrogen bomb

(c) energy production in sun

(d) atom bomb

(e) energy production in stars

44

and 107

47 Ag nuclei is

(a) 197 : 107

(b) 47 : 79

(c) 79 : 47

(d) 1 : 1

(e) 107 : 197

44. Identify the gate used in the following diagram.

197

79 Au

(a) AND

(b) OR

(c) NAND

(d) NOR

(e) either NAND or NOR

45. Acceptor level in p-type semiconductors lies

(a) nearer to the conduction band

(b) at the middle of conduction band and valence band

(c) within the valence band

(d) nearer to the valence band

(e) within the conduction band

46. The frequencies that are reflected and transmitted

at ionospheric layer respectively are

(a) 3 kHz and 10 MHz

(b) 10 MHz and 40 MHz

(c) 10 MHz and 20 MHz

(d) 35 MHz and 70 MHz

(e) 100 Hz and 100 kHz

47. The gap between the frequency of the side bands in

an amplitude modulated wave is

(a) twice that of the carrier signal

(b) twice that of the message signal

(c) the same as that of the message signal

(d) the same as that of the carrier signal

(e) the sum or difference of the frequencies of

carrier and message signal

48. A transmitting antenna at the top of a tower has

a height of 20 m. For obtaining 40 km as the

maximum distance between the transmitter and

receiver for satisfactory communication in LOS

mode, the height of receiving antenna should be

(radius of the earth R = 64 105 m)

(a) 30 m

(b) 35 m

(c) 40 m

(d) 45 m

(e) 50 m

solutions

1. (e) : 1 astronomical unit = 1.496 1011 m

All the other unit conversions are correct.

2. (b) : The speed in general is greater than the

magnitude of the velocity.

All the other statements are correct.

3. (e) :

having negative slope and finally becomes parallel

to time axis. So it indicates that motion is retarded

and finally the particle stops.

4. (b) : For the same velocity of projection and range,

the sum of the two angles of projection is 90. As

one angle of projection is 40, so the other possible

angle of projection is 90 40 = 50.

5. (e) : Among the given quantities electric potential

is a scalar quantity whereas all others are vector

quantities.

6. (c) : Motion with constant momentum along a

So, according to Newton's 2nd law

dp d

F=

= (constant) = 0

dt dt

7. (a) : Newton's laws of motion hold good for inertial

frame. All the other statements are correct.

8. (c) : The kinetic energy (K) and momentum (p) of

a body are related as

K=

p2 or p = 2mK

2m

The moment of inertia of disc A is

1

IA = mr2

2

and that of disc B is

1

1

IB = m(2r )2 = 4 mr2 = 4 IA

2

2

1

or IA = IB

4

vo =

gR2

GM

=

R+h

R+h

GM

g = 2

R

(m) but depends on the mass of the earth (M),

radius of the earth (R), acceleration due to gravity

(g) and height (h) of the satellite from the surface

of earth.

13. (e) : Gravitational potential energy of a body of

mass m at a height h above the surface of earth is

GMm

U =

( R + h)

14. (e) : When the stones are unloaded into water, the

water level falls because the volume of the water

displaced by stones in water will be less than the

volume of water displaced when stones are in the

boat.

15. (d) : According to definition of Young's modulus

Y=

But K1 = K2 (given)

p

m1

\ 1=

p2

m2

Here, m1 = 1 kg and m2 = 2 kg

ds 1 kg 1

=

\ 1 =

2 kg 2

ds

(using (i))

12. (b) : Orbital velocity of earth satellite is

2m1K1

p1

m1K1

=

=

\

p2

m2 K 2

2m2 K 2

with the same velocities are stopped by the same

force, then the ratio of their stopping distances

is

ds

m

1

= 1

ds

m2

...(i)

F / A F / pr 2

=

DL / L DL / L

FL

DL = 2

pr Y

where L is the length of the wire, r is its radius

and F is the stretching force.

As both wires are of same length (L) and same

material i.e., Y is same and produce equal elongations

\ DL1 = DL2

FL

fL

=

2

pr Y p(2r )2 Y

F

f

=

2

r

(2r )2

F

r2

r2 1

=

=

=

f (2r )2 4r2 4

physics for you | june 15

45

Tp

2r2 ( ) g

vt =

9

Te

Thus vt r2

(b) Water proof agents increase the angle of contact

between the water and fibres.

(c) Detergents decrease the surface tension of

water.

(d) Hydraulic machines work on the Pascal's

law.

(e) Venturimeter measures the flow speed of

incompressible fluids.

17. (c) : According to first law of thermodynamics

DQ = DU + W

In an adiabatic process, DQ = 0

\ 0 = DU + W

or DU = W

18. (d) : If Q1 is the energy input and Q2 is the energy

rejected to the sink, then work done

W = Q1 Q2

Dividing by Q1 on both sides, we get

Q

Q

W

W

= 1 2 or 2 = 1

Q1

Q1

Q1

Q1

As Q1 = 3W (given)

Q

1 2

W

\ 2 = 1

= 1 =

3W

3 3

Q1

2

.

3

So,

vrms(P )

vrms(2P )

P

1

=

2P

2

speed of an ideal gas is independent of the pressure

of the gas. So vrms(P) : vrms(2P) = 1 : 1

20. (b) : Let L be length of the pendulum.

\ Its time period on earth is

L

ge

and that on the planet is

Te = 2p

Tp = 2p

L

gp

...(i)

...(ii)

gravity on the surface of the earth and the planet

respectively.

Dividing eqn. (ii) by eqn. (i), we get

48

ge

gp

...(iii)

be corresponding quantities of the planet, then

GMe

4GMe

ge =

=

2

(De / 2)

De2

and g p =

GM p

(Dp / 2)2

4GM p

D2p

Tp

Te

(4GMe / De2 )

(4GM p / D2p )

2

Me Dp

M p De2

2

Me Dp

or Tp = Te

M p De2

\ Tp = (2 s)

Me (2De )2

=2 2 s

2 Me De2

harmonic motion.

22. (b) : (a) Sound waves can't be polarized.

(b) They can exhibit diffraction.

(c) They are longitudinal in nature.

(d) They can't travel in free space.

(e) They travel faster in liquids than in air.

23. (b) : Let Lc and Lo be the lengths of the closed and

the open organ pipes respectively.

The frequency of third harmonic of the closed

organ pipe is

3v

u3c =

4 Lc

and that of the open organ pipe is

3v

u3o =

2Lc

where v is the speed of the sound.

As u3c = u3o (given)

L

3v

3v

1

\

=

or c =

Lo 2

4 Lc 2Lo

Mass of the particle, m = 1.96 1015 kg

Distance between the plates, d = 0.02 m

Potential difference between the plates, V = 400 V

The electric field between the plates is

V 400 V

E= =

= 2 104 V m 1

d 0.02 m

As the particle is in equilibrium,

\ Upward force on the particle due to electric field

= Weight of the particle

mg

qE = mg or q =

E

q=

(2 104 V m 1 )

= 9.6 1019 C = 6 1.6 1019 C

= 6e

( e = 1.6 1019 C)

25. (b) : Let the point P be at the distance x from the

centre of A where the electric field intensity is

zero.

\ At point P, EA = EB

1 9C

1

4C

=

2

4 p0 x

4 p0 (10 m x )2

9

4

=

2

x

(10 m x )2

3

2

=

or 30 m 3x = 2x

x 10 m x

30 m

5x = 30 m or x =

=6 m

5

26. (a) : Charge is a scalar quantity.

All the other statements are correct.

27. (e) : When the rate of flow of charge through a

metallic conductor of non uniform cross section

is uniform, then current remains constant along

the conductor while current density, electric

field, electrical potential and drift velocity are not

constants and all vary inversely with area of cross

section.

28. (b) : The number for red is 2 and that for green

is 5. For silver, tolerance is 10%.

\ The resistance of the resistor shown in the figure is

R = 22 105 W 10%

= 2200 kW 10%

29. (c) : According to Ohm's law,

Potential difference (V )

= Resistance (R)

Current (I )

I 1

= = = reciprocal of resistance

V R

30. (e) : Electromagnet - Loudspeaker

31. (e) : The magnetization of a diamagnetic material

is independent of the temperature.

32. (c) : Let r be the radius of the coil.

I

... (i)

\ B= 0

2r

When the coil is bent into small circular coil of n

turns of radius r, then

r

n2pr = 2pr or r =

... (ii)

n

nI

nI n2 0 I

\ B = 0 = 0

=

2r 2(r / n)

2r

(using (ii))

B n2

=

1

B

magnitude of the induced emf in the circuit is

D

||=

Dt

As R is the resistance of the circuit, so induced

current is

| | D

I=

=

R RDt

D

D

\ Q = I Dt =

Dt =

RDt

R

34. (d) : The resonant frequency of an LCR series circuit is

1

ur =

2 p LC

When the capacitance is changed to C (= 4C)

and inductance changed to L, the new resonant

frequency becomes

physics for you | june 15

49

ur =

2 p L C

But ur = ur (given)

1

1

\

=

2 p L C 2 p LC

Squaring both sides, we get

1

1

LC LC L

\

=

L =

=

=

L C LC

C 4C 4

all others are based on nuclear fusion.

43. (d) : The nuclear mass density is independent of mass

number (A). Thus the approximate ratio of nuclear

107

mass densities of 197

79 Au and 47 Ag nuclei is 1 : 1.

44. (a) :

35. (a) : Changing magnetic fields can set up current

B

are high. So the logic gate is AND.

loops in nearby metal (any conductor) bodies.

They dissipate electrical energy as heat. Such 45. (d) : Acceptor level in p-type semiconductor lies

currents are called eddy currents.

nearer to the valence band.

36. (c) : Ozone layer in the atmosphere absorbs 46. (b) : The frequencies that are reflected and

ultraviolet rays.

transmitted at ionospheric layer respectively are

10 MHz and 40 MHz.

37. (d) : When the final image is formed at the near

point, the magnifying power is

47. (b) : T he f re qu e nc y

D

spectrum of an

m = 1+

amplitude modulated

f

wave is shown in the

where D is the least distance of distinct vision and

adjacent figure.

f is the focal length of the convex lens.

The gap between the frequency of the side bands

Here, D = 25 cm, f = 10 cm

(i.e.

upper side band and lower side band) is called

25 cm

\ m = 1+

= 1 + 2. 5 = 3. 5

bandwidth and it is given by

10 cm

Bandwidth = uUSB uLSB

38. (e) : Ultrasound are mechanical waves and they

=(uc + um) (uc um)

require a medium to travel whereas infrared

= uc + um uc + um = 2um

radiation, ultraviolet radiation, visible and X-rays

i.e. Bandwidth = twice of the frequency of the

are all electromagnetic waves and they do not

message signal.

require a medium to travel.

48. (d) : The maximum distance between the transmitter

39. (a) : In Young's double slit experiment, the locus of

and receiver for satisfactory communication in

the point P lying in a plane with a constant path

LOS mode is

difference between the two interfering waves is a

dM = 2RhT + 2RhR

hyperbola.

where hT and hR are the heights of transmitting

40. (c) : de Broglie wavelength associated with an electron

and receiving antennas respectively.

(mass m, charge e) accelerated from rest with a voltage

Here, dM = 40 km = 40 103 m

V volt is

h

hT = 20 m, R = 64 105 m

1

=

or

2meV

V

\ 40 103 m = 2(64 105 m)(20 m) + 2(64 105 m)hR

1

1

1

\ 1 : 2 : 3 =

:

:

\ 40 103 m = 2(64 105 m)(20 m) + 2(64 105 m)hR

V1 V2 V3

1

1

1

40 103 m = 16 103m + (128 105 m)hR

=

:

:

100 V 200 V 300 V

or (128 105 m)hR = 40 103 m 16 103 m

1 1

= 1:

:

= 24 103 m

2 3

Squaring both sides, we get

41. (a) : Since the half-life is 2 hours, the intensity of

(128 105 m)hR = (24 103 m)2

the radiation falls by a factor of 2 every 2 hours. In

(24 103 m)2

12 hours, it will fall by a factor of (2)6 = 64. Thus,

hR =

= 45 m

in 12 hours, the intensity attains the safe level.

(128 105 m)

nn

50

Time Allowed : 3 hours

Maximum Marks : 70

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

(i)

(ii) This question paper has five sections: Section A, Section B, Section C, Section D and Section E.

(iii) Section A contains five questions of one mark each, Section B contains five questions of two marks each, Section C

contains twelve questions of three marks each, Section D contains one value based question of four marks and Section

E contains three questions of five marks each.

(iv) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks, one question

of three marks and all the three questions of five marks weightage. You have to attempt only one of the choices in such

questions.

section-A

1. What is the nature of symmetry of electric field due

to an electric dipole ?

why?

3. A student plotted E r curves

for a point charge, a long

charged straight wire and

an electric dipole but failed

to label them. Identify the

curves and give reason for

your choice.

placed at a distance d

apart with their axes

coinciding as shown in

the following figure.

The charges on the two rings are +q and q. Find the

value of potential difference between the centres of

the two rings.

A1 of the parallel plate capacitor as shown in the

figure. Find the net capacitance of the capacitor.

of 1 m radius? Why ?

5. Two point charges placed at a distance r apart in

air exert a force F on each other. At what distance

will these charges experience the same force F in a

medium of dielectric constant er?

section-b

6. n tiny drops, all of same size, are given equal charges.

then what will be the new potential of the drop? What

is the surface charge density of the bigger drop?

field with angle q between the direction of dipole

moment and field.

OR

physics for you | june 15

51

potential V. On disconnecting with the battery,

it is connected with an uncharged capacitor of

capacitance C2. Find the ratio of total electrostatic

potential energy before and after.

10. An electron is constrained to move along the axis

electron can perform oscillations whose frequency

is given by =

qe

4pe0ma 3

section-c

11. Dedue the expression for the capacitance of a parallel

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

52

between its plates. Assume the slab thickness is less

than the plate separation.

Two point charges + 4e and + e are fixed at a

distance a apart. Where should a third point charge

q be placed on the line joining the two charges

that it may be in equilibrium? In which case the

equilibrium will be stable and in which unstable ?

A small sphere of radius r and charge q is enclosed

by a spherical shell of radius R and charge Q. Show

that if q is positive, charge q will necessarily flow

from the sphere to the shell (when the two are

connected by a wire) no matter what the charge

Q on the shell is.

Two charged conducting spheres of radii a and

b are connected to each other by a wire. What is

the ratio of electric fields at the surfaces of the two

spheres? Use the result obtained to explain why

charge density on the sharp and pointed ends of a

conductor is higher than on its flatter portions.

Derive an expression for the torque on an electric

dipole placed in a uniform electric field. Hence

define dipole moment.

OR

Two point charges +q and q are placed distance

d apart. What are the points at which the resultant

electric field is parallel to the line joining the two

charges?

(a) Determine the electrostatic potential energy of

a system consisting of two charges 7 mC and 2 mC

(and with no external field) placed at (9 cm, 0, 0)

and (9 cm, 0, 0) respectively.

(b) How much work is required to separate the two

charges infinitely away from each other?

(c) Suppose the same system of charges is now

placed in an external electric field E = A(1/r2);

A = 9 105 N C1 m2. What would the

electrostatic energy of the configuration be?

physics for you | june 15

enters a uniform electric field of strength 103 N C1

directed perpendicular to its direction of motion.

Find the velocity and displacement, of the particle

after 10 s.

18. A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is

then disconnected from the supply and is connected

to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much

electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

19. A spherical capacitor has an inner sphere of radius

12 cm and outer sphere of radius 13 cm. The outer

sphere is earthed and the inner sphere is given a

charge of 2.5 mC. The space between the concentric

spheres is filled with liquid of dielectric constant 32.

(a) Determine the capacitance of the capacitor.

(b) What is the potential of the inner sphere?

(c) Compare the capacitance of this capacitor with

that of an isolated sphere of radius 12 cm. Explain

why the latter is much smaller.

20. Obtain the equivalent capacitor of the network in

and voltage across each capacitor.

is the force on a charge Q (with the same sign as q)

placed at the centroid of the triangle?

l without using Gausss law.

section-d

video monitor surface remain charged for long. He

further heard his father instructing his assistant not

to bring his finger close to the screen or touch the

screen with contaminated gloves as the screen may

become a source of bacteria. Devansh asked for the

explanation from his father and shared his learning

with his classmates during the physics period. His

teacher and classmates had appreciations for him.

(i) What values had Devansh shown?

(ii) How did the father explain his observations?

section-e

24. Define dipole moment of an electric dipole. Show

to a short dipole at a distance d along its axis is

twice the intensity at the same distance along the

equatorial axis.

OR

What is an electric dipole? An electric dipole is

placed in a uniform electric field at some angle q.

Deduce the expression for its potential energy.

What is physical significance of electric dipole?

25. Draw a labelled diagram of Van de Graaff generator.

State its working principle to show how by

introducing a small charged sphere into a larger

sphere, a large amount of charge can be transferred

to the outer sphere. State the use of this machine

and also point out its limitations.

OR

State Gausss theorem in electrostatics and express

it mathematically. Using it, derive an expression

for electric field at a point near a thin infinite plane

sheet of electric charge. How does this electric field

change for a uniformly thick sheet of charge?

26. Derive an expression for the energy density in a

parallel plate capacitor.

A parallel plate capacitor with air as dielectric is

charged by a dc source to a potential V. Without

disconnecting the capacitor from the source, air is

replaced by another dielectric medium of dielectric

constant 10. State with reason, how does (i) electric

field between the plates and (ii) energy stored in the

capacitor change?

OR

What are conductors? Explain the electrostatics of

conductors.

solutions

1. The electric field due to an electric dipole exhibits

cylinder.

2. Yes, it is possible to move a charge in an electric field

without doing any net work. If electric potential of

initial and final points is same,

i.e., VA = VB, then WAB = q(VB VA) = 0

3. The curve 1 represents variation of electric field E

with distance r normal to a long uniformly charged

straight wire because here E 1/r and slope of curve 1

is the least. The curve 3 represents E r curve for

an electric dipole because here E 1/r3 and slope of

curve 3 is maximum.

Then, the curve 2 should represent Er graph for a

point charge, because here E 1/r2.

surface,

Q

9 109 1

=

= 9 109 V m 1

E=

4pe0R 2

(1)2

However, the dielectric strength of air present

around the conductor is much less (about 3 106 V m1).

So, the charge will immediately leak. Thus, it is

not possible to store a charge of 1 C in a spherical

conductor of radius 1 m.

5. As, electric force between two point charges q1

and q2 in a medium = electric force between same

charges in free space

ke q1q2

r

= ke 122 or er r 2 = r 2 or r =

er r 2

er

r

6. Let each drop be having a radius r and charge q.

Then, potential at the surface of each drop,

q

V=

4pe0r

q

=

4pr 2

When n drops coalesce to form a single bigger drop

of radius R, total volume remains unchanged.

4

4

Hence, pR 3 = n pr 3

3

3

R = (n)1/3r

and total charge on the bigger drop,

Q = nq

\ Potential of bigger drop,

Q

nq

V =

=

= (n)2/3V

4pe0R 4pe (n)1/3r

0

Q

nq

=

=

= (n)1/3

2

4pR

4pn2/3r 2

7. Electric potential at centre O1 of 1st ring,

V1 =

q

1 q

+

4pe0 R

R 2 + d 2

q

q

1

V2 =

+

4pe0

2

2 R

R +d

\ V1 V2 =

q

q

q

1 q

R

4pe0 R

R2 + d 2 R2 + d 2

53

q 1

1

2pe0 R

R 2 + d 2

plate separation d. The two capacitors are filled

with dielectrics of dielectric constants K1 and K2

respectively and are joined in parallel.

K e A / 2 K1e0 A

\ C1 = 1 0

=

d

2d

K e A

and C2 = 2 0

2d

\ Net capacitance of the capacitors,

e A

C = C1 + C2 = 0 (K1 + K 2 )

2d

9. We know that potential energy of an electric dipole

is given by

U = pE cosq

Hence,

(a) for q = 0, U = pE

p

(b) for q = , U = 0

2

(c) for q = p, U = +pE

On the basis of this data, we plot the curve as shown

in the given figure. It is a part of cosine curve.

1

C1V 2

Ui

C + C2

2

=

= 1

2

2

Uf

C1

1 C1 V

2 (C1 + C2 )

charge q,

E = ke

qx

2 3/2

(a + x )

k qx

= e3

a

(for x << a)

Acceleration of the electron,

d 2x

dt

F eE keqxe

=

=

m m ma 3

keqxe / ma 3

d 2 x / dt 2

2

x

=

=

=

x

x

dt 2

qe

or =

4pe0ma 3

11. The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor of plate

area A and plate separation d with vacuum between

its plates is given by

e A

C0 = 0

d

Suppose initially the charges on the capacitor

plates are Q. Then the uniform electric field set up

between the capacitor plates is

Q

E0 = =

e0 Ae0

As

d 2x

between the plates, the field E0 polarises the

dielectric.

OR

1

Ui = C1V 2

2

On joining C1 with C2, after being disconnected

from the battery, common potential,

V =

C1V

(C1 + C2 )

1

U f = (C1 + C2 )V 2

2

C12V 2

(C1V )2

1

= (C1 + C2 )

=

2

(C1 + C2 )2 2(C1 + C2 )

54

and +Qp on the lower surface of the dielectric.

These induced charges set up a field Ep inside the

induced field is given by

p

P

Q

Ep =

= [ P = = P, polarisation density]

e0 e0

A

The net electric field inside the dielectric is

E

E = E0 E p = 0

K

E0

E E = K

0

p

between the capacitor plates, the field E exists over

a distance t and field E0 exists over the remaining

distance (d t). Hence the potential difference

between the capacitor plates is

E E

V = E0(d t ) + Et = E0(d t ) + 0 t 0 = K

K E

t Q

t

= E0 d t + =

d t +

K e0 A

K

dielectric slab becomes

e0 A

Q

C= =

.

t

V

d t +

K

12. Suppose the three charges are placed as shown in

the figure. Let the charge q be positive.

Force of repulsion F1 between + 4e and +q

= Force of repulsion F2 between + e and +q

eq

1 4e q

1

=

or

4pe0 x 2

4pe0 (a x)2

4(a x)2 = x2

2(a x) = x

2a

x = or 2a.

3

As the charge q is placed between + 4e and +e, so

only x = 2a/3 is possible. Hence for equilibrium, the

charge q must be placed at a distance 2a/3 from the

charge + 4e.

We have considered the charge q to be positive. If

we displace it slightly towards charge e, from the

equilibrium position, then F1 will decrease and

F2 will increase and a net force (F2 F1)will act on

q towards left i.e., towards the equilibrium position.

Hence the equilibrium of positive q is stable.

Now if we take charge q to be negative, the force F1

and F2 will be attractive, as shown in figure.

or

or

56

x = 2a/3. However, if we displace charge q slightly

towards right, then F1 will decrease and F2 will

increase. A net force (F2 F1) will act on q towards

right i.e., away from the equilibrium position. So

the equilibrium of the negative q will be unstable.

13. Consider a small sphere of radius r placed inside

a large spherical shell of radius R. Let the spheres

carry charges q and Q, respectively.

Total potential on the outer sphere,

VR = Potential due to its own charge Q

+ potential due to the charge q on the inner sphere

1 Q q

=

+

4pe0 R R

Potential on the inner sphere due to its own charge is

1 q

V1 =

4pe0 r

sphere is the same as that on its surface, so potential on

the inner sphere due to charge Q on outer sphere is

1 Q

V2 =

4pe0 R

\

1 q Q

Vr =

+

4pe0 r R

q 1 1

Vr VR =

4pe0 r R

So if q is positive, the potential of the inner

sphere will always be higher than that of the outer

sphere. Now if the two spheres are connected by

a conducting wire, the charge q will flow to the

outer sphere, irrespective of the charge Q already

present on the outer sphere. In fact this is true for

conductors of any shape.

14. As the two spheres are connected to each other by a

wire, so they have same electric potential i.e.,

Va = Vb

or

1 qa

1 qb

=

4 pe0 a 4 pe0 b

qa a

=

or

qb b

...(i)

two spheres is

1 qa

Ea 4 pe0 a2 qa b2 a b2

=

=

=

1 qb qb a2 b a2

Eb

4 pe0 b2

or

Ea b

=

Eb a

produces more electric field on its surface. Hence,

the charge density on the sharp and pointed ends of

conductor is higher than on its flatter portions.

15. Consider an electric dipole consisting of charges +q

and q and of length 2a placed in a uniform electric

moment of magnitude,

p = q 2a

(along E )

(opposite to E )

Fnet = + qE qE = 0.

Hence the net translating force on a dipole in a

uniform electric field is zero. But the two equal and

opposite forces act at different points of the dipole.

They form a couple which exerts a torque.

Torque = Either force Perpendicular distance

between the two forces

t = qE 2a sinq = (q 2a)E sinq

or

t = pE sinq

(p = 2aq)

p and E, so we

can write

t = p E

plane of paper.

Clearly, the torque on the dipole will be maximum

tmax = pE sin90 = pE.

Dipole moment :

As t = pEsinq

If E = 1 unit, q = 90,then t = p

Hence dipole moment may be defined as the torque

acting on an electric dipole, placed perpendicular

to a uniform electric field of unit strength.

OR

As shown in figure, suppose the charges + q and q

are located at points A and B distance d apart.

Let P be a point such that AP = r1 and BP = r2.

Electric field at P due to charge +q is

1 q

E1 =

,

4pe0 r 2

1

along AP produced.

Electric field at P due

to charge q is

q

1

E2 =

. 2,

4pe0 r

2

along PB produced.

Draw PR||AB and PQ, PS ^ PR. If a and b are the

angles made by AP and BP with AB, then

Component of E1 along PR = E1 cosa

Component of E1 along PQ = E1 sina

Component of E2 along PR = E2 cosb

Component of E2 along PS = E2 sinb

The resultant field will be parallel to PR if the

components E1 sina and E2 sinb are equal and

opposite or zero. Hence

(i) When E1 sina = E2 sinb

q PS

1 q PS

1

. =

.

4pe0 r 2 r1 4pe0 r 2 r2

1

or

r1 = r2

(ii) When E1 sina = E2 sinb = 0, we have

sina = sinb = 0

i.e., a = 0 or 180 and b = 0 or 180

Thus the resultant intensity will be parallel to the

physics for you | june 15

57

bisector of AB, or (ii) P lies on either side of

AB i.e., a = b = 0 or 180

16. (a) q1 = 7 mC = 7 106 C, q2 = 2 106 C,

r = 18 cm = 0.18 m

Electrostatic potential energy of the two charge

system is

1 q1q2

.

U=

4pe0 r

9 109 7 10 6 (2) 10 6

= 0. 7 J

0.18

(b) Work required to separate two charges infinitely

away from each other,

W = U2 U1 = 0 U = (0.7) = 0.7 J

(c) Energy of the two charges in the external

electric field = Energy of interaction of two

charges with the external electric field

+ Mutual interaction energy of the two charges

1 q1q2

= q1V (r1) + q2V (r2 ) +

4pe0 r 2

=

A

A

A

1 q1q2

V = Er =

+ q2 +

2

r

r1

r2 4pe0 r

2 mC

7 mC

5

1 2

=

+

9 10 NC m 0.7 J

0

.

09

m

0

.

09

m

= q1

17. The velocity of the particle, normal to the direction

of field

vx = 1000 m s1, is constant.

The velocity of the particle, along the direction of

field, after 10 s, is given by

vy = uy + ayt

qE y

2 10 6 103 10

= 2000 m s 1

t=

=0+

m

10 10 6

The net velocity after 10 s,

Displacement, along the x-axis, after 10 s,

x = 1000 10 m = 10000 m

Displacement along y-axis (in the direction of field)

after 10 s,

1

1 qE y 2

y = uy t + a yt 2 = (0)t +

t

2

2 m

1 2 10 6 103

(10)2 = 10000 m

=

6

2

10 10

Net displacement,

r = x 2 + y 2 = (10000)2 + (10000)2 = 10000 2 m.

58

On

connecting

charged

capacitor

to

uncharged capacitor, the common potential

V across the capacitors is

12

12

C V + C2V2 600 10 200 + 600 10 0

V= 1 1

=

C1 + C2

(600 + 600) 10 12

or V = 100 V

Energy stored in capacitors before connection is

1

1

Ui = C1V12 + 0 = 600 10 12 2002

2

2

or Ui = 12 mJ

Energy stored in capacitors after connection is

1

1

Uf = (C1 + C2 )V 2 = (600 + 600) 10 12 1002

2

2

or Uf = 6 mJ

Hence the energy lost in the process is

DU= Ui Uf = (12 6) mJ or DU= 6 mJ.

19. Here, r1 = 13 cm, r2 = 12 cm, K = 32, Q = 2.5 mC

(a) Capacitance of capacitor is

C=

4pe0Kr1r2 1 32 13 10 2 12 10 2

=

r1 r2

9 109

(13 12) 10 2

or C = 5.5 109 F

(b) Electric potential of inner sphere is

VB = VBB + VBA

Q r1 r2

1 Q Q

=

+

=

4pe0K r2 r1 4pe0K r1r2

9 109

13 12 10 2

2.5 10 6

32

13 12 10 4

= 4.5 102 V.

Capacitance of isolated sphere of radius 12 cm is

=

(c)

12 10 2

9 109

or C0 = 1.3 1011 F

Here C > C0, because a single conductor A can

be charged to an electric potential till it reaches

the breakdown value of surroundings. But when

another earthed metallic conductor B is brought

near it, negative charge induced on it decreases the

electric potential on A, hence more charge can be

stored on A.

20.

Since C2 and C3 are in series so

C C3

C = 2

=100 pF

C2 + C3

Now, C1 and C are in parallel so

C = C1 + C = 100 + 100 or C = 200 pF

C0 = 4pe0r =

AD AD

=

AB

l

3l

or AD = l cos 30 =

2

2

2

3l

l

As AO = AD =

or AO =

....(i)

3

3 2

3

l

Similarly BO = CO =

3

Forces on charge +Q at O due to charges +q at A, B

and C are

Qq

1

1 3Qq

=

FOA = FOB = FOC =

2

4pe0 l

4pe0 l 2

3

Horizontal component of net force on +Q charge

at O is

Fx = FOB cos 30 FOC cos 30 = 0

or Fx = 0

...(ii)

and vertical component of net force on +Q charge

at O is

Fy = FOB sin 30 + FOC sin 30 FOA

In D ABD, cos 30 =

the network is

1

1

1

1

1 1+ 2

=

+

=

+

=

C C C 4 200 100 200

200

or C =

pF = 66.7 pF

3

Net charge stored on the combination is

200

Q = CV =

10 12 300 = 2 108 C

3

As C and C4 are in series, so

Q = Q4 = Q

or Q = Q4 = 2 108 C

Q

2 10 8 C

and hence V=

=

= 100 V

C 200 10 12 F

Q4

2 10 8 C

=

= 200 V

C 4 100 10 12 F

C1 and C are in parallel, so

V1 = V = V

or V1 = V = 100 V

Hence, Q1 = C1V1 = 100 1012 100 = 1 108 C

and Q = CV = 100 1012 100 = 1 108 C

C2 and C3 are in series, so

Q2 = Q3 = Q = 1 108 C

and V4 =

Hence,V2 =

Q2

1 10 8 C

=

= 50 V

C2 200 10 12 F

Q

1 10 8 C

and V3 = 3 =

= 50 V.

C3 200 10 12 F

or Fy = FOA [2sin30 1]

1

or Fy = FOA 2 1 = FOA [11]

2

or Fy = 0

So, net force on charge +Q at O is

...(iii)

2

2

Fnet = Fx + Fy

or Fnet = 0

22. Consider an infinite line of charge with uniform

linear charge density l, as shown in figure. We

wish to calculate its electric field at any point P at a

distance y from it. The charge on small element dx

of the line charge will be

dq = ldx

The electric field at the point P due to the charge

element dq will be

ldx

1 dq

1

. =

.

dE =

4pe0 r 2 4pe0 y 2 + x 2

59

dEx = dE sinq and dEy = dE cosq

The negative sign in x-component indicates that

element on the right has a corresponding charge

element on the left. The x-components of two

such charge elements will be equal and opposite

contributions only from y-components and is given by

E = Ey = dE y =

=2

x =

x =0

l

=

2pe0

x =+

dE cos q

x =

ldx

1

.

cos q

4pe0 y 2 + x 2

x =

x =0

dx

y2 + x2

q = p /2

cos q

l

2pe0 y

OR

Physics)

25. Refer point 1.11 (11 (ii)), page-17(MTG Excel in

Physics)

OR

Physics)

y sec2 qdq

cos qdq =

q=0

l

[sin q]0p/2

2pe0 y

l p

sin sin 0

2pe0 y 2

l

E=

2pe0 y

23. (i) Inquisitiveness and sharing.

=

accelerated electrons on the positively charged

screen, that is why Devansh observed charging on

the screen. The charged screen also attracts airborne

infected particles floating around. As many of

the particles collected on the screen surface carry

bacteria, the screen becomes contaminated with

bacteria.

60

Physics)

cos q 2

y (1 + tan 2 q)

q=0

q = p /2

Physics)

Now x = y tanq

dx = y sec2q dq

l

E=

2pe0

screen the bacteria may shift to the gloves. To avoid

the risk, surgeons are suggested not to bring finger

near a video monitor.

e A

1

Energy stored U = CV 2 where C = 0

2

d

Now battery remains connected and dielectric

of constant K = 10 introduced, the potential will

remain the same, the capacity becomes C= KC

= 10C

V

(i) Electric field remains same as E =

d

1

(ii) Energy changes as U= C V 2

2

1

(10C )V 2

2

1

1

Change in energy, U U = (10C )V 2 CV 2

2

2

U =

DU =

9

CV2

2

OR

Physics)

nn

Silvering of Lens

been mirrored and location of the image is asked, as

below.

of all that when thin optical devices (lens or mirror)

are kept in contact, the optical power follows algebraic

addition rule which simply means, a converging (lens or

mirror) + another converging (lens or mirror) increases

the converging nature whereas converging + diverging

will be less of converging.

Conventionally, the ability to converge is taken to be

positive power and ability to diverge is negative power.

For mirror,

1

,

fm

where fm = focal length of mirror

For lens,

1

Power, Pl =

, where f l = focal length of lens

fl

Hence, if two thin lenses of focal lengths f1 and f2 are

kept in contact

we can replace the combination with a single lens of

equivalent power.

Power, Pm =

f1 f2

Peq = P1 + P2

1

1 1

= +

feq f1 f2

respective lenses.

Now, what happens if a lens is silvered?

Any ray which is incident on the set up, has to pass

through lens mirror lens, in the same order as

indicated.

Note that for a lens, P and f have same sign whereas for

mirror they follow opposite sign.

Clearly following the definition of power stated above,

once through mirror.

\ Equivalent power of this combination, whose

overall nature (behaviour) is that of a mirror can be

written as

Peq = Pl + Pm + Pl = 2Pl + Pm

1

2

1

1

1

2

=

feq fl fm

feq fm fl

62

Feq

out equivalent focal length of the combination and then

we can use mirror formula to trace the image formed.

1 1

1

+ =

v u feq

Note : If focal length of lens has not been given, instead

the radius of curvature of the two surfaces and refractive

index of the material is given, first find out the focal

length of the lens using lens makers formula

1

1

1

= (m 1)

fl

R1 R2

and if the second surface of radius of curvature R2 has

been silvered, the focal length of the mirror becomes

1 R2

=

fm

2

Apparent depth

assume near normal incidence of incident rays, i.e.,

angle of incidence would be small, such that we can

assume sini i.

This is a very common phenomenon, in which

objects kept in denser medium when viewed from

rarer medium appear to be shifted closer.

Let us see the physics involved behind this.

depth as below :

index m1,

R

R

A=

=

m

m12

1

m2

increases when viewed from denser medium and

decreases when viewed from rarer medium.

Note : If the rarer medium is air, m1 = 1 whereas

the other medium might be water, glass etc. whose

refractive index, m2 = m (say).

R

when depth decreases

\ A= m

mR when depth increases

together front to front with its rear portion silvered

such that a sharp image is formed 20 cm from the

mirror. When the air between the glass pieces is

replaced by water (m = 4/3), then find the location

of image.

Object O, is kept in medium of refractive index

(R.I.) m2 and is viewed from a medium of refractive

index m1.

R is the real depth of the object whereas A is the

apparent depth.

\ m2sini = m1sinr m2i m1r

R

R

x

x

A=

=

m2 = m1

m2 m21

R

A

m1

m

where, m21 = 2 = refractive index of 2nd medium

m1

with respect to 1st medium.

On similar lines, if the object was kept in rarer

medium and viewed from denser medium, it would

Soln.: The first thing to note here is, what would happen

with the thin convex glass pieces? Do they have any

role to play?

Imagine a thick slab,

change since radius of curvature is identical.

physics for you | june 15

63

lateral displacement will be negligible.

water, nothing else.

In the first situation (without water), the entire set

up is equivalent to only a concave mirror on which

a ray travelling from infinity is incident. Hence they

would be focussed at f =

R

.

2

R

= 20 cm R = 40 cm

2

Now, we have a lens made of water.

\

=4

3

R1 = +R

\

\

R2 = R

1 4 1 1 2

=

1

=

fl 3 R R 3R

2

4

1

1

2

=

( R ) 3R

f eq fm fl

=

10

10

1

=

=

3R 3 40

12

after 1st refraction, and final image respectively.

Remember the rule, as many times there is a change

in medium for a plane surface we can apply the

concept of real and apparent depth, where we apply

R

mR for increment in depth,

for decrement in

m

depth and that can be understood by taking a ray

and see how it bends. If it bends towards normal,

depth increases. If it bends away from normal,

depth decreases.

For 1st refraction (interface AB),

R = x, A = mx

2nd refraction (interface CD),

mx + t

R = mx + t, A =

m

\ Shift in location of image,

mx + t

OI = x = (x + t )

m

1

x = t 1

m

3. A point object is kept in front of a glass slab of

thickness 10 cm, at a distance of 16 cm. The rear

face of slab is silvered and hence starts behaving as

a mirror. The image of the object is formed 12 cm

behind mirrored face. Find the refractive index of

glass slab.

Soln.:

concave mirror of focal length 12 cm.

Hence, rays get focussed at 12 cm from

combination.

2. A glass slab of thickness t and refractive index

m is kept in between a point object and observer.

By what distance the object appears shifted?

Soln.:

1

x = 10 1

m

\ From this shifted mirror,

object distance = image distance

1

10

16 + = 12 + 10 1

m

m

20

10

=6 m=

m

3

nn

64

1 mark, for each wrong answer 1/4 mark will be

deducted.

1. An object is located 4 m from the first of two thin

converging lenses of focal lengths 2 m and 1 m

respectively. The lenses are separated by 3 m. The

final image formed by the second lens is located

from the source at a distance of

(a) 8.0 m

(c) 6.0 m

T1 and L2 when the tension is T2. The unstretched

length of the wire is

L +L

(a) 1 2

(b) L1L2

2

T2L1 + T1L2

T L T L

(c) 2 1 1 2

(d)

T2 + T1

T2 T1

4. A hollow sphere of external radius R and thickness

t (<<R) is made of a metal of density r. The sphere

will float in water if

R

R

(a) t

(b) t

3r

r

R

2r

a forward bias resistance of 50 W and an infinite

reverse bias resistance. The current through the

resistance 150 W is

(b) 7.5 m

(d) 6.5 m

plane. The tension of the string when it makes

an angle q with the vertical and the bob of mass

m moves with a speed v is (g is the gravitational

acceleration)

(a) mv2/L

(b) mgcosq + mv2/L

2

(c) mgcosq mv /L (d) mgcosq

(c) t

R1. The wire is now stretched without breaking so

that its length is doubled and the density is assumed

to remain the same. If the resistance of the wire now

becomes R2 then R2 : R1 is

(a) 1 : 1

(b) 1 : 2

(c) 4 : 1

(d) 1 : 4

(d) t

R

3r

(a) 0.66 A

(c) zero

(b) 0.05 A

(d) 0.04 A

magnetic field 0.1 T. The velocity of the conductor

is 15 m/s and is directed perpendicular to the field.

The e.m.f. induced between the two ends of the

conductor is

(a) 0.10 V

(b) 0.15 V

(c) 1.50 V

(d) 15.00 V

8. A ray of light is incident at an angle i on a glass slab

of refractive index m. The angle between reflected

and refracted light is 90. Then the relationship

between i and m is

1

(a) i = tan 1

m

(c) sini = m

(b) tani = m

(d) cosi = m

figure. Their total angular momentum about the

point O is

Physics for you | June 15

65

(c) 52.7 kg m2/s

(b) zero

(d) 37.9 kg m2/s

with a uniform velocity of

magnitude 10 m/s. Particle B

moves with uniform velocity

20 m/s along a direction

making an angle of 60 with

the positive direction of X-axis

as shown in the figure.

The relative velocity of B with respect to that of A is

(a) 10 m/s along X-axis

(b) 10 3 m/s along Y-axis (perpendicular to X-axis)

(c) 10 5 m/s along the bisection of the velocities

of A and B

(d) 30 m/s along negative X-axis

11. When light is refracted from a surface, which of its

following physical parameters does not change?

(a) velocity

(b) amplitude

(c) frequency

(d) wavelength

12. A solid maintained at t1 C is kept in an evacuated

chamber at temperature t2 C (t2 >> t1). The rate of

heat absorbed by the body is proportional to

(a) t24 t14

(b) (t24 + 273) (t14 + 273)

(c) t2 t1

(d) t22 t12

13. The work function of metals is in the range of 2 eV

to 5 eV. Find which of the following wavelength

of light cannot be used for photoelectric effect.

(Consider, Planck constant = 4 1015 eVs, velocity of

light = 3 108 m/s)

(a) 510 nm

(b) 650 nm

(c) 400 nm

(d) 570 nm

14. A thin plastic sheet of refractive index 1.6 is used to

cover one of the slits of a double slit arrangement.

The central point on the screen is now occupied by

what would have been the 7th bright fringe before

the plastic was used. If the wavelength of light is

600 nm, what is the thickness (in mm) of the

plastic?

(a) 7

(b) 4

(c) 8

(d) 6

66

of another closed organ pipe. The fundamental

frequency of the open pipe is100 Hz. The frequency

of the third harmonic of the closed pipe is

(a) 100 Hz

(b) 200 Hz

(c) 300 Hz

(d) 150 Hz

16. A 5 mF capacitor is connected in series with a 10 mF

capacitor. When a 300 volt potential difference is

applied across this combination, the total energy

stored in the capacitors is

(a) 15 J (b) 1.5 J (c) 0.15 J (d) 0.10 J

17. Two particles of mass m1 and m2, approach each

other due to their mutual gravitational attraction

only. Then

(a) accelerations of both the particles are equal.

(b) acceleration of the particle of mass m1 is

proportional to m1.

(c) acceleration of the particle of mass m1 is

proportional to m2.

(d) acceleration of the particle of mass m1 is

inversely proportional to m1.

18. Three bodies of the same material and having

masses m, m and 3m are at temperatures 40C, 50C

and 60C respectively. If the bodies are brought in

thermal contact, the final temperature will be

(a) 45C

(b) 54C

(c) 52C

(d) 48C

19. A satellite has kinetic energy K, potential energy

V and total energy E. Which of the following

statements is true?

(a) K = V/2

(b) K = V/2

(c) E = K/2

(d) E = K/2

20. The line AA is on a charged infinite

conducting

plane

which

is

perpendicular to the plane of the

paper. The plane has a surface density

of charge s and B is a ball of mass m

with a like charge of magnitude q. B

is connected by a string from a point

of the line AA. The tangent of the

angle (q) formed between the line

AA and the string is

qs

qs

(a)

(b)

2e0mg

4pe0mg

(c)

qs

2pe0mg

(d)

qs

e0mg

temperature. If the temperature is doubled and

oxygen molecules dissociate into oxygen atoms, the

r.m.s. speed becomes

(a) v

(b) 2v (c) 2v

(d) 4v

23. Two particles, A and B, having equal charges,

after being accelerated through the same potential

difference enter a region of uniform magnetic field

and the particles describe circular paths of radii R1

and R2 respectively. The ratio of the masses of A and

B is

(a) R1/R2

(b) R1/R2

2

(c) (R1/R2)

(d) (R2/R1)

origin, each at a distance R from the origin. The

distance of the center of mass of the system from

the origin is

(a) = R

(b) R

(c) > R (d) R

25. A 20 cm long capillary tube is dipped vertically in

water and the liquid rises upto 10 cm. If the entire

system is kept in a freely falling platform, the length

of water column in the tube will be

(a) 5 cm (b) 10 cm (c) 15 cm (d) 20 cm

26. A train is moving with a uniform speed of 33 m/s

and an observer is approaching the train with the

same speed. If the train blows a whistle of frequency

1000 Hz and the velocity of sound is 333 m/s,

then the apparent frequency of the sound that the

observer hears is

(a) 1220 Hz

(b) 1099 Hz

(c) 1110 Hz

(d) 1200 Hz

27. A photon of wavelength 300 nm interacts with a

stationary hydrogen atom in ground state. During

the interaction, whole energy of the photon is

transferred to the electron of the atom. State which

possibility is correct. (Consider, Planck constant

= 4 1015 eVs, velocity of light = 3 108 m/s,

ionization energy of hydrogen = 13.6 eV)

(a) Electron will be knocked out of the atom

(b) Electron will go to any excited state of the atom

atom

(d) Electron will keep orbiting in the ground state

of atom

28. Block B lying on a table weighs W. The coefficient

of static friction between the block and the table is

m. Assume that the cord between B and the knot is

horizontal. The maximum weight of the block A for

which the system will be stationary is

(a) W tan q

m

(b) mW tanq

(c) mW 1 + tan2 q

(d) mW sinq

The output Y is

(a) A + B + C

(b) (A + B) C

(c) A + B + C

(d) A + B + C

are projected from a tower with same speed. A

is projected vertically upward and B vertically

downward. On reaching the ground

(a) velocity of A is greater than that of B.

(b) velocity of B is greater than that of A.

(c) both A and B attain the same velocity.

(d) the particle with the larger mass attains higher

velocity.

2 marks, for each wrong answer 1/2 mark will be

deducted.

31. Two cells A and B of e.m.f. 2 V and 1.5 V respectively,

are connected as shown in figure through an external

resistance 10 W. The internal resistance of each cell

is 5 W. The potential difference EA and EB across the

terminals of the cells A and B respectively are

Physics for you | June 15

67

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

EA = 2.0 V, EB = 1.5 V

EA = 2.125 V, EB = 1.375 V

EA = 1.875 V, EB = 1.625 V

EA = 1.875 V, EB = 1.375 V

electric flux through any of the three faces adjacent

to the charge is zero. The flux through any one of

the other three faces is

(a) q/3e0 (b) q/6e0 (c) q/12e0 (d) q/24e0

33. In the circuit shown below, the switch is kept in

position a for a long time and is then thrown to

position b. The amplitude of the resulting oscillating

current is given by

(a) E L/C

(c) infinity

(b) E/R

(d) E C / L

AT BT 2

, where A

V

and B are constants. The work done by the gas when

the temperature changes from T1 to T2 while the

pressure remains constant, is given by

2

2

(a) A(T2 T1 ) + B (T2 T1 )

certain gas are related by p =

(b)

V2 V1

V2 V1

2

2

(c) A(T2 T1 ) B (T2 T1 )

(d)

A(T2 T22 )

V2 V1

kept on a block of height h/2. The level of water in

the cylinder is kept constant. Four holes numbered

1, 2, 3 and 4 are at the side of the cylinder and at

heights 0, h/4, h/2 and 3h/4 respectively. When all

four holes are opened together, the hole from which

water will reach farthest distance on the plane PQ is

the hole no.

68

(a) 1

(c) 3

(b) 2

(d) 4

choosing which will fetch maximum 2 marks on pro

rata basis. However, choice of any wrong option(s)

will fetch zero mark for the question.

36. Consider two particles of different masses. In which

of the following situations the heavier of the two

particles will have smaller de Broglie wavelength?

(a) Both have a free fall through the same height.

(b) Both move with the same kinetic energy.

(c) Both move with the same linear momentum.

(d) Both move with the same speed.

37. A circular disc rolls on a horizontal floor without

slipping and the centre of the disc moves with a

uniform velocity v. Which of the following values

the velocity at a point on the rim of the disc can

have?

(a) v

(b) v

(c) 2v

(d) zero

38. A conducting loop in the form of a circle is

placed in a uniform magnetic field with its plane

perpendicular to the direction of the field. An e.m.f.

will be induced in the loop if

(a) it is translated parallel to itself.

(b) it is rotated about one of its diameters.

(c) it is rotated about its own axis which is parallel

to the field.

(d) the loop is deformed from the original shape.

39. Find the right condition(s) for Fraunhoffer

diffraction due to a single slit.

(a) Source is at infinite distance and the incident

beam has converged at the slit.

(b) Source is near to the slit and the incident beam

is parallel.

(c) Source is at infinity and the incident beam is

parallel.

(d) Source is near to the slit and the incident beam

has converged at the slit.

in a uniform electric field. The dipole moment of

^

the angle between the direction of the field and the

line joining the two charges. Which of the following

statement(s) is/are correct?

(a) The torque exerted by the field on the dipole

vanishes.

(b) the net force on the dipole vanishes.

(c) The torque is independent of the choice of

coordinates.

(d) The net force is independent of a.

solutions

Using lens formula,

1 1 1

=

v1 u1 f1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

= =

= ;

v1 4 2 v1 2 4 4

v1 = 4 m

For second lens, f2 = 1 m

Object distance, u2 = |v1| 3 = 4 3 = 1 m

Image distance, v2 = ?

Again using lens formula,

1 1 1

1

= or

= 1 + 1 = 2; v2 = 0.5 m

v2 1 1

v2

So, distance of final image from the source point

= 4 + 3 + v2 = 4 + 3 + 0.5 = 7.5 m

2. (b) : Given situation is shown in the figure.

L = length of pendulum

m = mass of the bob

q = angle between

pendulum and vertical

v = speed of pendulum

Let T be the tension in the

string at given situation.

v2

L

Using Newtons second law of motion,

mv 2

Fnet =

L

mv 2

T mg cos q =

L

mv 2

T = mg cos q +

L

Area of cross-section of the wire = A (say)

Stress

Youngs modulus, Y =

Strain

Case I : Length of wire = L1

Tension in the wire = T1

Extension in the wire = (L1 L)

T1 /A

T1L

\ Y=

...(i)

=

(L1 L)/L A(L1 L)

Case II : Length of wire = L2

Tension in wire = T2

Extension in wire = (L2 L)

T2 /A

T2 L

=

\ Y=

(L2 L)/L A(L2 L)

...(ii)

T1L

T2 L

=

A(L1 L) A(L2 L)

T1(L2 L) = T2(L1 L)

T1L2 T1L = T2L1 LT2

L(T2 T1) = T2L1 T1L2

T L T L

\ L= 2 1 1 2

T2 T1

Mass of hollow sphere

= (Surface area) (thickness) r

= 4pR2 t r

Sphere will float in water if

4

(4 pR2tr) g pR3 rw g

3

R rw

t

3 r

\

R

3r

[ rw = 1 g cm3]

rl rl l rl 2

=

=

A Al V

Here, r and V are constant.

\ R l2

5. (c) : As R =

R1 l12

=

R2 l22

Given, l2 = 2l1

Hence,

R1 l12 1

=

=

R2 4l12 4

R2 : R1 = 4 : 1

Physics for you | June 15

69

reverse biased and offers

infinite resistance, diode D2

is forward biased and offers

50 W resistance.

Equivalent circuit is redrawn.

Total resistance of the circuit,

R = 50 + 50 + 150 = 250 W

V = 10 V, I = ?

V 10

I= =

= 0.04 A

R 250

So, current through the resistance 150 W is 0.04 A.

7. (b) : Assuming magnetic field (B), conductor length

(l) and its velocity (v) are mutually perpendicular

so, emf induced between the two ends of the

conductor

e = Blv

Here, B = 0.1 T, l = 0.1 m, v = 15 m s1, e = ?

e = 0.1 0.1 15 = 0.15 V

8. (b) : Given situation is shown in the figure.

Angle of refraction,

r = (90 i)

Using Snells law at the interface

m1 sin i = m2 sin r

1 sin i = m sin(90 i) = m cos i

tan i = m

9. (a) : Total angular momentum of two particles

about the point O

Lnet = LA + LB = rA pA + rB pB

pA = mv A = (6.5)(2.2 i ) = (14.3 i ) N s

pB = mv B = (3.1)(3.6 j ) = (11.16 j ) N s

\

Lnet = (1.5 j ) (14.3 i ) + (2.8 i ) (11.16 j )

= 21.45(k ) + 31.248(k ) 9.8k

70

3

1

= (20) i + (20) j = (10 i + 10 3 j ) m s 1

2

2

Relative velocity of B with respect to A is given by

v BA = v B v A

= (10 i + 10 3 j ) 10 i = 10 3 j m s 1

11. (c) : When light is refracted/reflected from a

surface, then frequency of light does not change

because it depends on the source of light.

12. (*) : Rate of heat radiation emitted by a body at

temperature t1 C (= (t1 + 273) K).

u1 = e s A (t1 + 273)4

Rate of heat radiation absorbed by a body due to

surrounding temperature t2C (= (t2 + 273) K)

u = e s A (t2 + 273)4

Net rate of heat absorbed by the body

= u u1 = e s A [(t2 + 273)4 (t1 + 273)4]

*None of the given options is correct.

Option (a) would be correct if t1 and t2 were in

kelvin.

13. (b) : Range of work function of metals = 2 5 eV

hc = 4 1015 eVs 3 108 m s1= 1200 eV-nm

hc

As, l =

E

1200 eV - nm

l min =

= 240 nm

5 eV

1200 eV - nm

l max =

= 600 nm

2 eV

Hence light of wavelength 650 nm cannot be used

for photoelectric effect.

14. (d) : Here, m = 1.6, n = 7, l = 600 nm

t=?

According to question, shift in central point due to

insertion of plastic sheet = 7b

(m 1)tD

Dl

or

=7

d

d

\

t=

7 l 7 600 109

=

m 1

1. 6 1

7 6 107

= 7 106 m

0. 6

t = 7 mm

15. (c) : Let length of open organ pipe = lo

length of closed organ pipe = lc

Also, lo = 2lc

Fundamental frequency of the open pipe,

uo = 100 Hz

v

Also, uo =

= 100

2lo

=

v

v

= 200;

= 200

2lc

lo

v

= 400

lc

v

400

uc =

=

= 100 Hz

4lc

4

So the frequency of third harmonic of the closed

organ pipe = 3uc = 300 Hz.

16. (c) : Here, C1 = 5 mF

C2 = 10 mF

V = 300 V

U=?

Equivalent capacitance of the circuit,

C C2 5 10 10

10

C= 1

=

=

mF = 106 F

C1 + C2 5 + 10 3

3

1

1 10

U = CV 2 = 106 (300)2 = 0.15 J

2

2 3

17. (c) : Given situation is shown in the figure.

Gravitational force,

Gm1m2

F=

r2

Acceleration of particle of mass m1,

F Gm2

a1 =

=

m1

r2

\ a1 m2

18. (b) : Here m1 = m2 = m, m3 = 3m

s1 = s2 = s3 = s, T1 = 40 C, T2 = 50 C, T3 = 60 C

Let T be the final temperature at the thermal

equilibrium.

Using principle of calorimetry,

Heat gained by m1 and m2 = heat lost by m3

m1s1(T T1) + m2s2(T T2) = m3s3(T3 T)

ms(T 40) + ms(T 50) = 3ms(60 T)

T 40 + T 50 = 3(60 T)

2T 90 = 180 3T

5T = 270; \ T = 54C

19. (a) : As potential energy of satellite

GMm

V =

r

GMm

Kinetic energy of satellite, K =

2r

Total energy of satellite, E = K + V

GMm GMm

GMm

E=

=

2r

r

2r

V

V

or K + V = ; \ K =

2

2

20. (d) : Electric field due to charged conducting sheet,

s

E=

e0

Let T be the tension in the string.

Ball is in equilibrium so

T cos q = mg

T sin q = qE

T sin q qE

\

=

T cos q mg

qE

qs

tan q =

=

mg e0mg

e 2 2

r 2+2

=2 V

=

eeq =

1 1 1

+

r 2 2

1 1 1

req = = + = 1 W

r 2 2

Current in the circuit,

2+2 4

I=

= = 1.33 A

1+ 2 3

3RT

M

For oxygen molecules at temperature T,

3RT

...(i)

vrms = v =

M

Now, temperature is doubled and oxygen molecules

71

M/2) then rms speed will be

vrms

=

3R(2T )

3RT

=2

= 2v [using eqn. (i)]

M

(M /2)

a magnetic field is given by,

mv p

2mK

...(i)

r=

=

=

qB qB

qB

Here, K = Kinetic energy of charged particle

Charge q is accelerated through some potential

difference V. So kinetic energy of charge, K = qV

From eqn. (i),

r=

2mqV

qB

m

R

r

rA

mA

or A = A = 1

=

mB rB

R2

rB

mB

plateform,

2S cos q

h=

rr aeff

Here, aeff = 0

(for free falling plateform)

\ h=

It means length of water column in the tube will be

20 cm.

apparent frequency heard by observer,

v + v0

u=

u0

v v s

Here, u0 = 1000 Hz, v0 = vs = 33 m s1

v = 333 m s1, u = ?

366

333 + 33

u=

1000 =

1000 = 1220 Hz

333 33

300

27. (d) : Here, wavelength of photon, l = 300 nm

h = 4 1015 eVs, c = 3 108 m s1

Ionization energy of hydrogen = 13.6 eV

Physics for you | June 15

= 4 eV

For hydrogen atom, En =

(300 109 m)

13.6

n2

First excitation energy = E2 E1

eV

13.6 13.6

22 12

= 3.4 + 13.6 = 10.2 eV

Since energy of photon is less than 10.2 eV, so no

excitation is possible, i.e., electron will keep orbiting

in the ground state of atom.

28. (b) : Weight of block B = W

=

of particles.

If arc AB 0

the position of centre of mass will

be at distance R from the origin.

If arc length AB increases, centre

of mass of the system starts

moving down (< R).

72

hc

l

(4 1015 eVs)(3 108 m s 1 )

Energy of photon, E =

Weight of block A = W

T = tension in the string

Normal on block B, N = W

Friction force on block B, f = mN = mW

System will be in equilibrium, if

T cos q = f = mW

T sin q = W

Divide eqn (ii) by eqn (i), we get

sin q W

=

\ W = mW tan q

cos q mW

(say)

...(i)

...(ii)

29. (c) :

Y1 = AB

Output of NOT gate,

Y2 = C

Output of OR gate,

Y = Y1 + Y2 = AB + C

= A+ B +C

( AB = A + B )

30. (c)

31. (c) : Suppose current I is

I 2V 5

flowing through the circuit.

A

10

Using Kirchhoff s voltage

1.5

V

law in the circuit

B

2 1.5 5I 10I 5I = 0

5

0. 5 1

0.5 = 20I; I =

= A

20 40

Terminal potential difference across the cell A,

1

EA = 2 I r = 2 5 = 1.875 V

40

Terminal potential difference across the cell B,

1

EB = 1.5 + I r = 1.5 + 5 = 1.625 V

40

32. (d)

33. (d) : During connection of switch with point a for

long time, capacitor gets fully charged.

y below water level.

Velocity of efflux v = 2 gy

Time taken by water to reach on the plane PQ will be

2 + (h y )

2

3h 2 y

t=

=

g

g

Horizontal distance x travelled by the liquid is

3h 2 y

x = vt = 2 gy

g

x = 2 y(3h 2 y )

Charge on capacitor, q = CE

q2

2C

When switch is thrown to position b, there is an LC

oscillating circuit.

Suppose amplitude of current in LC circuit is I0.

Using energy conservation principle,

Maximum electrical energy = Maximum magnetic

energy

Energy stored in capacitor, U =

q2 1 2

= LI0

2C 2

C2 E2

C

= LI02 ; \ I0 = E

C

L

34. (c) : For a certain gas,

AT BT 2

pressure, p =

V

2

or, V = AT BT

... (i)

p

Work done by the gas at constant pressure,

W = pDV = p(V2 V1)

AT BT 2 AT BT 2

2

1

= p 2

1

p

p

For x to be maximum,

1

2 2 y(3h 2 y )

dx

=0

dy

2(3h 4 y ) = 0

3h

4

3h

h

Hence, x will be maximum at y =

= h

4

4

where hole number 2 is present.

36. (a,b,d) : de-Broglie wavelength of a particle is given

by,

h

h

h

l= =

=

; K = kinetic energy

p mv

2 mK

or, 3h 4y = 0 \ y =

same height, their speed will be same.

v = 2 gh

1

m

So heavier block will have smaller de-Broglie

wavelength. i.e., option (a) is correct.

(b) For same kinetic energy (K),

1

l

m

Again heavier block will have smaller de-Broglie

wavelength, i.e., option (b) is correct.

\ l

73

de Broglie wavelength.

So option (c) is incorrect.

(d) For same speed,

1

l

m

Again, heavier particle will have smaller de-Broglie

wavelength, i.e., option (d) is correct.

37. (a, c, d) : In case of pure rolling,

v = wR

So, velocity at the point of contact,

vg = v wR = 0

Velocity at the top,

vt = v + wR = 2 v

Velocity at a point on

the rim of disc,vr = v is

possible if v and wR are

at 120.

Velocity at a point on the rim of disc, vr = v is not

possible because 1 cosq 1.

change in magnetic flux through it.

Flux changes through the loop only in options (b)

and (d).

39. (b, c) : In Fraunhoffer diffraction, the incident rays on

the slit are parallel. This can be achieved by keeping :

(a) point source at the focus of a converging lens

(b) point source at infinite distance

40. (b, c, d) :

So, option (b) is correct.

Torque on the dipole,

t = pEsinq 0

Here, p, E and q are independent of choice of coordinates.

So, options (c) and (d) are correct.

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75

from the ceiling. The ceiling is 3 m above the floor.

(a) If the elevator is moving upward with a speed

of 2.2 m s1, how long does it take for the screw

to hit the floor? (b) How long is the screw in air if

the elevator starts from rest when the screw falls,

and moves upwards with a constant acceleration of

a = 4 m s2?

2. An enemy fighter jet is flying at a constant height

of 250 m with a velocity of 500 m s1. The fighter

jet passes over an anti-aircraft gun that can fire

at any time and in any direction with a speed of

100 m s1. Determine the time interval during

which the fighter jet is in danger of being hit by the

gun bullets.

3. A particle is to be projected from a point P so that it

may strike the incline perpendicularly. Determine

the required velocity of projection if it is horizontal

initially.

length L is attracted by an electromagnet. The force

of attraction imparts an acceleration a = K/(L x)2,

where K is constant and x is distance travelled.

If the ball is released from rest at x = 0, determine

the velocity v with which it strikes the pole face.

to the distance from its bank and reaches the

maximum value v0 in the middle. Near the banks

the velocity is zero. A boat is moving along the river

in such a manner that it is always perpendicular to

current and the speed of the boat in still water is u.

Find the distance through which the boat crossing

the river will be carried away by the current if the

width of river is c. Also trace the trajectory of boat.

6. A gas-filled spherical balloon is expanding.

The radius of sphere at time t is r. Find the radius

when the rates of increase of the surface area and

the radius are numerically equal.

7. A projectile is fired with velocity u from a gun

adjusted for a maximum range. It passes through

two points P and Q whose heights above the

horizontal are h each. Show that the separation

u 2

between the two is

u 4 gh .

g

8. A particle is moving in a circle of radius r in such

a way that at any instant, the total acceleration

makes an angle of 45 with radius. Initial speed of

particle is u. Find the time taken to complete the

first revolution.

*Randhawa Institute of Physics, S.C.O. 208, First Fl., Sector-36D & S.C.O. 38, Second Fl., Sector-20C, Chandigarh, Ph. 09814527699

76

SOLUTIONS

with a constant velocity. Equation for floor

yf = vf t = 2.2t

...(i)

The screw falls with

acceleration due to

gravity

1

...(ii)

ys = h + 2.2 t gt 2

2

At time t, ys = yf

1

i.e., 2.2 t = h + 2.2t gt 2

2

23

2h

or t =

=

= 0.78 s

g

9. 8

1

(b) Equation for floor is yf = af t 2

2

1 2

Equation for screw is ys = h gt

2

When the screw meets the floor, ys = yf

1

1

\

a f t 2 = 3 gt 2

2

2

23

or t =

= 0.66 s

g + af

2. The equation of trajectory of bullet is

1 2

gx

y = x tan q 2 2 sec2 q

u

1 2

gx

= x tan q 2 2 (1 + tan2 q)

...(i)

u

For a given value of x, maximum y can be determined from

1 2

gx

u2

dy

= x 2 2 (2 tan q) = 0 or tan q =

gx

d(tan q)

u

...(ii)

Putting (ii) in (i), we get,

1 2

u2 2 gx

ymax =

2

2g

u

The bullet can hit an area defined by

1 2

u2 2 gx

y

2

2g

u

On substituting given values, we get

x2

250 or 500 2 x + 500 2

2000

be hit. So the plane is in danger for a period of

1000 2

=2 2s

500

3. Let v be the velocity

when the particle strikes

the incline. The velocity

components are

vx = v0 and vy = gt

v

v

v

\ tan q = x = 0 t = 0 cot q

g

v y gt

Since, x = v0t, we have

v2

x = 0 cot q

g

The equation of trajectory of particle is

1 gx 2

2 v02

The incline is a straight line, its equation is

y = xtanq

On solving (i), (ii) and (iii) we get

y =h

v0 =

...(ii)

...(iii)

2 gh

2 + cot 2 q

4. Acceleration of ball, a =

(L x)2

dv dv dx vdv

Since, a =

=

=

dt dx dt dx

vdv

K

\

=

dx (L x)2

v dv =

...(i)

(given)

Kdx

(L x)2

On integrating,

v

L D /2

v dv =

K dx

(L x)2

L D /2

v2

1

=K

2

L x 0

or

v2

2 1

=K

D L

2

2 1

\ v = 2K

D L

physics for you | june 15

77

5. Current velocity, v = ky

c

v = v0 when y = ,

2

2v

k

\ v0 = c or k = 0

c

2

2v0

ut

y = ut \ v =

c

v 2v u

\ Rate of change of velocity = = 0

t

c

\ Acceleration of the boat along the water

2v u

current, a = 0

x

c

1 2v0u 2

\ x =0t +

t

2 c

v u y2 v

x = 0 2 = 0 y2

( y = ut )

uc

c u

uc

\ y2 = x

v0

It represents the equation of a parabola.

1 cv0

c

When y = , x =

2

4 u

cv0

Hence, drift = 2 x =

2u

6. Surface area of sphere is S = 4pr2,

ds

dr

So,

= 8pr

dt

dt

ds dr

(given)

As

=

dt dt

1

Hence 8pr = 1 or r = p

8

78

gx 2

(1 + tan2 q)

2u2

Gun is adjusted for maximum range, i.e., q = 45

y = x tan q

\ y=x

gx 2

u2

For y = h, we have,

u2

u2

g

h = x 2 x 2 or x 2 x + h = 0

g

g

u

x1 + x2 =

u2

u2

and x1x2 = h

g

g

u2

u2

\ (x1 x2 ) = (x1 + x2 ) 4x1x2 = 4 h

g

g

u

x1 x2 =

u2 4 gh

g

2

acceleration (ar) ( q = 45)

dv v 2

=

dt r

2pr

dv

dt

v2 = r

u

0

1 1 t

ur

=

or v =

\

u v r

r ut

dx

ur

=

dt r ut

ur

dt 2pr = r ln[(r ut]T0

r ut

0

0

r

which gives T = (1 e 2p )

u

dx =

nn

(a) radial acceleration only

(b) tangential acceleration only

(c) both radial and tangential acceleration

(d) neither radial nor tangential acceleration

2. Which of the following physical quantities is not

dimensionless ?

(a) Relative density

(b) Relative velocity

(c) Relative refractive index

(d) Relative permittivity

3. The numerical ratio of displacement to the distance

covered is always

(a) less than one

(b) equal to one

(c) equal to or less than one

(d) equal to or greater than one

4. A student unable to answer a question on Newtons

laws of motion attempts to pull himself up by

tugging on his hair. He will not succeed because

(a) the force exerted is small.

(b) the frictional force while gripping is small.

(c) Newtons law of inertia is not applicable to living

beings.

(d) the force applied is internal to the system.

5. If mass-energy equivalence is taken into account

when water is cooled to form ice, the mass of water

should

(a) increase

(b) remain unchanged

(c) decrease

(d) first increase then decrease

6. Which one of the following waves does not involve

oscillations of particles of a medium?

(a) Waves in a hanging spring

(b) Ripples on a water surface

(c) A light wave

(d) Ultrasonic waves

80

horizontal, then

(a) its velocity is always perpendicular to its

acceleration.

(b) its velocity becomes zero at its maximum height.

(c) its velocity makes zero angle with the horizontal

at its maximum height.

(d) the body just before hitting the ground,

the direction of velocity coincides with the

acceleration.

8. The internal energy of an ideal gas depends on

which of the following factors?

(a) Pressure only

(b) Volume only

(c) Temperature only

(d) Pressure, volume and temperature

9. Bernoullis principle is not involved in the working/

explanation of

(a) movement of spinning ball

(b) blades of a kitchen mixer

(c) heart attack

(d) dynamic lift of an aeroplane

10. The temperature of the system decreases in the

process of

(a) isothermal expansion

(b) adiabatic expansion

(c) isothermal compression

(d) adiabatic compression

11. A wire is stretched under a force. If the wire

suddenly snaps, the temperature of the wire,

(a) remains the same

(b) decreases

(c) increases

(d) first decreases then increases

12. For a constant volume gas thermometer, one should

fill the gas at

(a) low temperature and low pressure

(b) low temperature and high pressure

(c) high temperature and low pressure

(d) high temperature and high pressure

(a) Gravitational force (b) Electrostatic force

(c) Magnetic force

(d) Buoyant force

14. Which of the following characteristics does not

change due to the damping of simple harmonic

motion ?

(a) Angular frequency (b) Time period

(c) Initial phase

(d) Amplitude

15. A cricket bat is cut at the location of its centre of

mass as shown. Then

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

the bottom piece will have larger mass.

the handle piece will have larger mass.

mass of handle piece is double the mass of

bottom piece.

16. Which of the following thermodynamic variables is

an extensive variable ?

(a) Temperature

(b) Pressure

(c) Internal energy (d) Density

17. Angle between wave velocity and particle velocity

of a longitudinal wave is

(a) 90

(b) 60

(c) 0

(d) 120

18. If there were no gravity, which of the following will

not be there for a fluid ?

(a) Viscosity

(b) Surface tension

(c) Pressure

(d) Archimedes upward thrust

19. A lead ball falling freely from a height strikes the

ground, as a result its temperature rises. This is due to

(a) friction of air

(b) conversion of chemical energy into heat

(c) conversion of mass into heat

(d) conversion of mechanical energy into heat

20. Which of the following quantities is zero on an

average for the molecules of an ideal gas in equilibrium ?

(a) Kinetic energy

(b) Momentum

(c) Density

(d) Speed

21. In a simple harmonic oscillator, at the mean

position

(a) kinetic energy is minimum, potential energy is

maximum.

(b) both kinetic and potential energies are

maximum.

(c) kinetic energy is maximum, potential energy is

minimum.

(d) both kinetic and potential energies are minimum.

22. In planetary motion, the angular momentum

conservation leads to the law of

(a) orbits

(b) areas

23.

24.

25.

1.

(c) periods

(d) conservation of linear momentum

Energy is not transferred by

(a) transverse progressive wave

(b) longitudinal progressive wave

(c) stationary wave

(d) electromagnetic wave

Which of the following is not an illustration of

Newtons third law ?

(a) Flight of a jet plane

(b) A cricket player lowers his hands while catching

a cricket ball

(c) Walking on the floor

(d) Rebounding of a rubber ball

Hydrostatic paradox states that the pressure exerted

by a liquid

(a) depends on the shape of the containing vessel

and independent of height of liquid column.

(b) depends on both shape of the containing vessel

and height of liquid column.

(c) independent of both shape of the containing

vessel and height of liquid column.

(d) depends on height only and independent of the

shape of the containing vessel.

soLuTioNs

(a) : A particle in uniform circular motion can

possess radial acceleration only.

3. (c) : Since displacement is always less than or equal

to distance covered, but never greater than distance

covered. Hence the numerical ratio of displacement

to the distance covered is always equal to or less

than one.

4. (d) : According to Newtons first law of motion, the

state of rest or motion of body in a straight line

with uniform velocity remains the same unless an

external force is applied on the body. Internal forces

are the forces which are exchanged by the particles

in the system.

5. (c) : When water is cooled to form ice, its thermal

energy decreases. By mass-energy equivalence, the

mass of water should decrease.

6. (c) : A light wave is an electromagnetic wave.

It does not require a medium for propagation.

A man may imagine

things that are false, but

he can only understand

things that are true, for

if the things be false, the

apprehension of them is

not understanding

-Sir Isaac Newton

81

point has velocity =ucosq in the horizontal direction

which makes zero angle with the horizontal

direction.

8. (c) : The internal energy of an ideal gas depends

only on temperature.

9. (b) : Movement of spinning ball, heart attack and

dynamic lift of an aeroplane, all are based on the

Bernoullis principle.

10. (b) : In an adiabatic expansion the temperature

of the system decreases while in an adiabatic

compression it increases.

In an isothermal expansion or isothermal

compression the temperature of the system remains

constant.

11. (c) : The work done on the wire to produce a strain

in it will be stored as energy which is converted into

heat when the wire snaps suddenly. Due to it, the

temperature of the wire increases.

12. (c)

13. (d) : Among the given forces buoyant force is a

contact force whereas all others are non-contact

forces.

14. (c)

15. (b): The centre of mass is closer to massive part

of the body therefore the bottom piece of bat has

larger mass.

16. (c) : Among the given thermodynamics variables

internal energy is an extensive variable whereas all

others are intensive variables.

17. (c) : In a longitudinal wave the particles of the

medium oscillate along the direction of wave

motion. Thus the angle between wave velocity and

particle velocity is 0.

18. (d) : For a fluid, Archimedes upward thrust will not

be present if there were no gravity.

19. (d)

20. (b)

21. (c) : At the mean position, the kinetic energy is

maximum and potential energy is minimum.

22. (b) : Angular momentum conservation leads to the

law of areas.

23. (c) : Energy is not transferred by stationary wave

but it is transferred by all others.

24. (b) : A cricket player lowers his hands while catching

a cricket ball is an illustration of Newtons second

law, whereas all others are illustrations of Newtons

third law.

25. (d)

nn

82

Y U ASK

WE ANSWER

Do you have a question that you just cant get

answered?

Use the vast expertise of our mtg team to get to the

bottom of the question. From the serious to the silly,

the controversial to the trivial, the team will tackle the

questions, easy and tough.

The best questions and their solutions will be printed in

this column each month.

formation by the flag. Indeed, whether the wind

merely extends the flag or causes it to flutter, the free

end of the flag sheds vortexes, that is, alternating

on the left and right side of the flag, form and then

move downstream. The vortexes are larger if the flag

flutters, but they are a product of, not the cause of,

the fluttering and they can be present even if the flag

is not fluttering.

it to electromagnetic radiation in the microwave

spectrum. Passage of microwaves through food

results in increased agitation of molecules. Microwave

induces polarized molecules in the food to rotate and

produce in a process known as dielectric heating. At

microwave frequencies, the alternating electric field

of the radiation interacts with the electric dipole

moment of water molecules, making them vibrate

faster. The absorption length of the microwave

energy is long, that means not all energy falling

on a chunk of cooking food gets absorbed while

traversing through it. It also mean that the heating

occurs all through the body of the food. That is the

reason you do not get a crisp surface on the outside,

as you would in normal cooking where the heat has

to travel inwards from outside. When you cook a big

chunk of raw food in a pan on open fire, the surface

might become crisp, while the inside might remain

relatively raw. Also remember that a microwave oven

is an enclosure whose walls have excellent reflecting

properties. Therefore, the fact that little microwave

energy is absorbed upon initial traversal through the

chunk of food does not mean the rest of the energy is

lost, the reflective metallic walls of the oven bounce

the microwaves back and forth to ensure repeated

interaction with water contained in the food.

Q2. What causes a flag on a flagpole to flap even in a

moderate breeze?

Anoop Kumar (Bihar)

the direction of the passing air so that the air pushes

against one side of the flag. That push can simply

straighten out the flag, making it extend in the

direction of the airflow. Instead, the push can bend

the flag. If the airspeed is above a certain critical

value, this bending can become unstable and the flag

will then flutter.

84

Akshi Sharma (Delhi)

However, a simple explanation is as follows. A breeze

or some disturbance in the air or water creates ripples.

The ripples can then grow into larger waves as wind

moves across them. In particular, the wind pushes on

the windward side of a crest, comes over the crest,

and then breaks up into vortexes, and so the pressure

difference between the windward and leeward sides

of the crest can push the crest downwind and also

make it taller. In other words, the wind can feed

energy into the crest. If the wind becomes stronger,

the waves grow larger and their wavelengths also

change.

Q4. Electric field for a point charge is proportional to

1/r2 but electric field for a dipole is proportional to

1/r3. Why?

Anubhab Banerjee (W.B.)

Ans. Experimentally, electric field due to a point charge is

1 q

1

;E 2.

2

40 r

r

Now electric dipole is the distribution of some

charges which give net charge on dipole zero and

1 p

1

,V

potential due to it, V =

2

40 r

r2

(For simplicity we take dipole as two oppositely

charges of same magnitude separated by a very small

distance.)

dV

Also, E =

dr

1

So electric field due to dipole, E

r3

1

Note : For infinitely line charge, E . So electric

r

field due to any charge system depends on its

distribution.

given by E =

Readers can send their answer with complete address before 15th of every month to win exciting prizes.

Winners' name with their valuable feedback will be published in next issue.

3.

5.

11.

13.

16.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

1.

2.

4.

across

The ratio of the total absorbed

radiation to the total incident

radiation. (11)

The fraction of solar energy reflected

from the earth back into space. (6)

Short form of quasi-stellar radio

source. (6)

Black body radiation that is predicted

to be released by black holes, due

to quantum effects near the event

horizon. (7, 9)

A collective excitation in a periodic,

elastic arrangement of atoms or

molecules in condensed matter, like

solids and some liquids. (6)

Carrier of strong nuclear force. (5)

A hypothetical set of multiple

possible universe which exist in

parallel with each other. (10)

A unit of atmospheric pressure equivalent to

1000 dyne per cm2. (8)

A branch of physics applied to technology that makes use

of gas or pressurized air. (10)

A mechanism that converts rotational motion to linear

motion and a torque to a linear force. (5)

CGS unit of magnetic field strength. (7)

The division between two regions of differing physical

properties. (8)

The phenomenon that consists of a given system being

driven by another vibrating system or by external forces

to oscillate with greater amplitude at some preferential

frequencies. (9)

DoWN

Single disturbance moving through a medium or fluid.

(4, 5)

The dark lines in the spectrum of sun. (10)

The temperature of steam over pure boiling water under

1 atm pressure. (5, 5)

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

12.

14.

15.

17.

18.

20.

at or near room temperature. (4, 6)

A group of lines in the ultraviolet region in the spectrum

of hydrogen. (5, 6)

The study of magnets and magnetism. (11)

Subatomic particle composed of three quarks. (6)

The lowest possible energy of molecular vibration.

(4, 5, 6)

The branch of mechanics that deals with matter and

forces in equilibrium. (7)

A hypothetical tunnel through space time that connects

widely distant regions thus providing a shortcut through

space time. (8)

The melting point of ice under 1 atm pressure. (3, 5)

An electrical device that converts thermal energy into

electrical energy. (10)

The theory that nature contains no vacuums. (7)

A magnesium alloy used to enclose uranium fuel element

in certain types of nuclear reactors. (6)

85

86

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