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CONFIDENTIAL

SMK TINGGI KLANG


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PENGGAL 1
SISTEM MODULAR
TINGKATAN 6 BAWAH 2014
PRAUNIVERSITI
PHYSICS (960/1)
(1

hrs)

Date: 14 Okt. 2014


Instructions to candidates:
DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.
This paper consist of section A, Section B and Section C.
In Section A, there are fifteen of objective questions . For each question, four suggested
answers are given. Choose one correct answer and indicate it on the multiple-choice
answer sheet provided.
In Section B, there are two structure questions. Answer all the questions.
Write your answers in the spaces provided.
In Section C, there are three questions. Answer any two of the questions. Begin each answer
on a fresh sheet of paper.
Prepared by:
..
PN. MARIAM BT HARON.
Physics Teacher

Approved by:
-----------------------------PN. AZIZAH BT BADAR
Pen Kanan Tingkatan Enam

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------This question paper consists of 12 printed pages.


*This paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

SECTION A (15 marks)


Answer all question in this section
1. The dimensions for the base physical quantities of length, mass, time, quantity of matter
and temperature are represented by L, M, T, N and respectively. What are the dimensions
for R in the formula PV = nRT?
A. MLT-2N-1-1

B. ML2T-2N-1-1

C. ML2T-1N-1-1

D. ML2T-2N-2-1

2. Which of the following is true regarding errors in measurements?


A. A zero error is a random error
B. An accurate measurement is one in which the random error is small
C. A systematic error is caused by a measuring instrument that is less sensitive
d. Random errors can be reduced by taking repeating measurements of a reading

3. A tennis ball is released, it falls vertically to the floor and bounces back. Taking velocity
upwards as positive, which of the following is the velocity-time graph of the ball?
A.
B.
vc
v
+

C.

D.
v

0
-

4. A parcel dropped from a helicopter flying horizontally at a speed of 80 ms-1 at a height of


200 m. Assuming air resistance is negligible, what is the time taken and the horizontal
distance transversed by the parcel when it hits the ground.
A. 6.4 s, 512 m
B. 8.2 s, 720 m
C. 9.1 s, 850 m
D. 9.8 s, 980 m
5. A passenger of mass 50 kg is in a car which is moving with a velocity of 30 ms-1. If
the driver suddenly brakes the car, the passenger who is wearing a seat belt is pushed forward
at a distance of 0.5 m. What is the average pulling force of the seat belt and the time interval
of the force acted on the passenger?
[ Neglect the effect of friction between the passenger and the seat of the car.]

A.
B.
C.
D.

Average force
4.9 x 102 N
4.9 x 102 N
4.5 x 104 N
4.5 x 104 N

Time interval
0.03 s
3.06 s
0.03 s
3.06 s

6. Which of the following statements is true regarding elastic collision between two bodies
A. Momentum remain constant, but kinetic energy and the total energy does not
B. Momentum , kinetic energy and total energy of the system remain constant
C. Momentum and kinetic energy remain constant but its total energy does not
D. Momentum does not remain constant, but its kinetic energy and total energy remain
constant.

7. A car of mass 1000kg can generate a constant power of 2000 W. If air resistance is
negligible, what is its acceleration at the speed of 30 ms-1?
A. 6.67 x 10-2ms-2
B. 6.67 x 10-1ms-2
C. 6.67 x 10ms-2 D. 6.67 x 102ms-2

8. The figure shows a body performing a circular motion with radius r in a vertical plane at
constant rate.
C

Which of the following statements is true regarding the tension in the string and the
centripetal force on the body?
A. Both the tension and the centripetal force remain constant throughout the motion
B. Tension increases on the way up from A to C and then decreases on the way down from C
to A ; the centripetal force decreases on the way up from A to C and then increases on the
way down from C to A.
C. Tension decreases on the way up from A to C and then increases on the way down from C
to A ; centripetal force increases on the way up from A to C and then decreases on the
way down from C to A.
D. Tension decreases on the way up from A to C and then increases on the way down from C
to A ; centripetal force remain constant throughout the motion.

9. A man has a weight of 800 N on the Earth. When he is on a planet whose mass is 3 times
larger and the radius is 2 times larger than that of the Earth, his weight is
A. 500 N
B. 600 N
C. 700 N
D. 800 N

10. The escape velocity of a body at the surface of the Earth is 1.1 x 104ms-1. Given that the
ratio of the mass of Earth to the mass of the Moon is 81 and the ratio of radius of Earth
to the radius of the Moon is 3.7, find the escape velocity of the body at the surface of the
Moon.
A. 1.1 x 103ms-1
B. 2.4 x 103ms-1
C. 3.2 x 103ms-1
D. 4.1 x 103ms-1

11. A uniform plank of mass 2.0 kg is leaning against a smooth wall. The upper end of the
plank is 4.0 m from the ground. The lower end of the plank is resting on a rough ground and
is 3.0m from the foot of the wall. What is the force acting by the plank on the wall?
A. 5.12 N
B. 5.83 N
C. 6.21 N
D. 7.34 N

12. When a wire of length L, area of cross section A and Youngs modulus E is acted upon
by a load W, and extension e is produced. The energy stored in the wire is given by

A. Fe

B.

EAe
L .

C.

EAL
2e

D.

EA e
2L

13. An ideal gas has a pressure P. The volume of the gas is kept constant. If the average
kinetic energy of the gas molecule s is doubled, the pressure of the gas will be
A. halved
B. remain the same
C. double
D. increased by a factor of 4

14. The molar heat capacity at constant volume of a gas at 300 K is 20.6 Jmol-1K-1. The
molar heat capacity at constant pressure of the same gas at 30 K in Jmol-1K-1 is
A. 12.5
B. 20.8
C. 24.9
D. 29.1

15. The energy emitted by a black body of surface area A at temperature T in a time t is
directly proportional to
A. AT4t

B. A2T4t

C. A2T2t

D. ATt4

SECTION B (15 marks)


Answer all questions in this section

16. (a) The formula for the period of a simple pendulum is T = 2

l
g

. The pendulum is

used to determine g. The fractional error in the measurement of the period, T is


that in the measurement of the length, l is

p and

q. What is the fractional error in the

calculated value of g?
(3)

(b) The length of a piece of paper is measured as 295 1 mm.

Its width is measured as

207 1 mm .
(i) What is the fractional uncertainty in its length?

(1)

(ii) What is the percentage uncertainty in its length

(1)

(iii) What is the area of one side of the piece of paper? State your answer with its
uncertainty.
(3)

17. The extension-force graph of two wires X and Y of the same material but of different
lengths and diameters are shown.

Extension (mm)

4.00

Wire X

2.00

Wire Y

Force (N)
0

50.0
7

The table shows the lengths and diameters of the wires


Wire
X
Y

Length (m)
3.5
2.4

Diameter (mm)
0.56
dY

Calculate
(a) the force constant of the wire X

(2)

(b) the Youngs Modulus of the material of the wire

(2)

(c) the diameter dY of the wire Y

(3)

SECTION C (30 marks)


Answer any two question in this section
18. (a) Define work and energy

(2)

(b) In a game, balls are thrown at wooden cubes in order to turn them over. Each cube is
of mass 150g and each of its sides is of length 10 cm as shown in figure (a)
10 cm
G
G

Ball

10 cm

A
(a)

A
(b)

In order to turn the block over, the centre of gravity G of the block must be raised so that G is
vertically above the corner A, as shown in figure (b). For the block shown in figure (b),
(i) calculate the vertical height through which the centre of gravity has been raised
(2)
(ii) calculate the gain in potential energy of the block
(2)
(c) The block is struck by a ball of mass 16 g travelling horizontal towards G as shown in
figure (a) . The collision perfectly elastic and without sliding the block turns about the corner
A. The block is just able to reach the position in figure (b) if 30% of the kinetic energy of the
ball transferred to the block. Calculate
(i) the kinetic energy of the ball just before it strike the block.
(2)
(ii) the speed at which the ball strikes the block
(2)
(iii) the speed at which the ball rebounce from the block
(2)
(iv) the change in momentum of the ball
(2)
(v) the average force on the block , assuming that the ball and the block are in contact
for 0.020 s.
(1)

19. A satellite orbits the Earth in a circular path as shown beside. Both the Earth and the
satellite may be considered to be point masses with their masses concentrated at their centres.
The satellite has speed v and the radius of its orbit about the Earth is R.

Earth
R

O Satellite

v
(a) State Newtons law of Universal Gravitation
(b) Show on the diagram, the direction of the gravitational force on the satellite
(c) (i) Show that v is given by

v2 =

GM
R

(2)
(1)

, where G = gravitational constant


M = mass of the Earth

(2)

(ii) The mass of the satellite is m. Determine an expression for the kinetic energy
Ek of the satellite in term of G, M, m and R
(2)
(d) (i) State an expression in terms of G, M, m and R for the gravitational potential
energy , Ep of the satellite
(1)
GMm
(ii) Hence, show that the total energy Et = (2)
2R
(e) A satellite of total mass 300 kg goes round the Earth of mass 6.0 x 1024 kg in a
circular orbit of radius 9.6 x 106m. Calculate
(i) the potential energy of the satellite
(ii) the kinetic energy of the satellite

(2)
(2)
10

(iii) the total energy of the satellite

(1)

20. (a) (i) State two assumptions of an ideal gas


(2)
(ii) State two physical conditions under which a gas behaves as an ideal gas (2)
(iii) A 0.35 m3 gas tank contains 7.0 kg of butane gas. Assuming that the gas
behaves as an ideal gas, calculate its pressure at 27oC.
[ Molecular mass of butane is 58 gmol-1 ]
(3)
(iv) Butane gas normally behaves as a real gas. The actual pressure of butane
gas is higher than the calculated value in (a)(iii).Give a reason.
(1)
(b) (i) What is mean by the degree of freedom of a gas molecule?
(1)
(ii) Write an expression relating the total kinetic energy E of a gas molecule
to the number of degree of freedom, f. Explain any other symbols
used.
(2)
3
-1
(iii) The escape velocity of Mars is 5.0 x 10 ms . If the temperature of
Mars is 300 K, determine whether oxygen gas can exist on the planet.
[Molecular mass of oxygen is 32 g mol-1 ]
(4)

11

960 PHYSICS
Values of constants

Acceleration of free fall

= 9.81 m s-2

Avogadros constant

NA

= 6.02 x 1023 mol-1

Boltzman constant

= 1.38 x 10-23 JK-1

Gravitation constant

= 6.67 x 10-11 Nm2 kg-2

Magnitude of electronic charge

= 1.60 x 10-19 C

Mass of the Earth

ME

= 5.97 x 1024 kg

Mass of the sun

MS

= 1.99 X 1030 kg

Molar gas constant

= 8.31 JK-1 mol-1

Permeability of free space

= 4 x 10-7 Hm-1

Permittivity of free space

= 8.85 x 10-12 Fm-1

Planks constant

= 6.63 x 10-34 Js

Radius of the Earth

RE

= 6.38 x 106m

Radius of the Sun

RS

= 6.96 x 108 m

Rest mass of electron

me

= 9.11 x 10-31 kg

Rest mass of proton

mp

= 1.67 x 10-27 kg

Speed of light in free space

= 3.00 x 108 m s-1

Stefan-Boltzman constant

= 5.67 x 10-8 Wm-2K-4


12

Unified atomic mass unit

= 1.66 x 10-27 kg

13

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