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31 Nervous System

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Chapter Test A

Multiple Choice
Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided.
_____ 1. Which division of the nervous system speeds up your heart rate?
a. somatic
c. central
b. autonomic
d. brain and spinal cord
_____ 2. Your alarm clock wakes you up and reminds you to get ready for school. Which type of
neuron receives the sound of the alarm?
a. interneurons
c. sensory neurons
b. myelin neurons
d. motor neurons

Figure 311

_____ 3. Refer to Figure 31-1. Which structure carries impulses away from the cell body?
a. A
c. C
b. B
d. E
_____ 4. What begins when a neuron is stimulated by another neuron or by a stimulus in the
environment?
a. a threshold
c. an impulse
b. a resting potential
d. a dendrite
_____ 5. When an impulse reaches the end of a neuron, it triggers the release of
a. neurotransmitters.
c. dendrites.
b. sodium ions.
d. receptors.
_____ 6. When drugs produce a sensation of feeling and well being, what part of the brain is being
stimulated?
a. limbic system
c. cerebrum
b. cerebellum
d. thalamus
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_____ 7. When exposed to addictive drugs, how does the brain react to excessive dopamine levels?
a. It reduces the number of receptors for the neurotransmitter.
b. It increases the number of receptors for the neurotransmitter.
c. It increases the production of dopamine.
d. It shuttles the dopamine to other areas of the brain.
_____ 8. Which of the following sensory receptors would lead you to squint in bright light?
a. thermoreceptors
c. photoreceptors
b. mechanoreceptors
d. chemoreceptors
_____ 9. Which type of sensory receptor is responsible for smell and taste?
a. photoreceptor
c. mechanoreceptor
b. thermoreceptor
d. chemoreceptor
_____ 10. When you move your fingers to type a text message, you are using motor neurons of the
a. somatic nervous system.
c. autonomic nervous system.
b. sensory nervous system.
d. central nervous system.
_____ 11. Which organ does not have pain receptors?
a. brain
c. stomach
b. heart
d. bladder
_____ 12. If you did not like the flavor of a certain oral liquid medicine, you could hide much of its
taste by
a. closing your eyes.
c. holding your nose.
b. covering your ears.
d. folding your hands together.

Figure 312

____ 13. In Figure 312, which structure sends impulses to your brain enabling you to stand on one
foot?
a. structure A
c. structure C
b. structure B
d. structure D

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_____ 14. Which structure in Figure 312 is commonly injured by people inserting cotton swabs or
other objects into their ears?
a. structure A
c. structure C
b. structure B
d. structure D
_____ 15. If the muscles in a persons irises are damaged, how is his or her eye sight directly affected?
a. The person is not able to transfer impulses to the brain.
b. The persons eye color changes.
c. The person is not able to distinguish colors from each other.
d. The person is not able to regulate the amount of light that enters the eye.

Modified True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the underlined word or phrase to make
the statement true
_____ 16. Myelin sheaths can be damaged by strokes or nutritional deficiencies. If a neuron has a
damaged myelin sheath, impulses move faster through the axon than they would in a
healthy neuron.
.
_____ 17. When a stimulus is weaker than the threshold of a neuron, it will not produce an impulse.
.
_____ 18. When walking into a dimly lit room, the cones in your eyes help you find your way around.
.

Completion
Complete each statement on the line provided.
19. The cell bodies of cranial and spinal nerves are arranged in clusters called
20. The pathway illustrated in Figure 313 is called a(n)

Figure 313

21. The sensory organs that detect taste are called

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.
.

Short Answer
In complete sentences, write the answers to the questions on the lines provided.
22. Why is a severe injury to the brain stem often fatal?

23. What causes a drug user to keep increasing the amount of drug they abuse?

24. Why does your mouth feel hot when you eat a jalapeno pepper?

25. Describe the role of the cochlea in hearing.

Using Science Skills


Use the diagram below to answer the following questions on the lines provided.
26. Interpret Graphs What is the name of structure C in
Figure 314?

27. Apply Concepts Referring to Figure 314, which


lettered structure receives sensory information, such
as the sound of a car, from the thalamus?
Figure 314

28. Applying Concepts Referring to Figure 314, which lettered structure is the control center for
recognition and analysis of hunger, thirst, fatigue, anger, and body temperature?

29. Interpret Graphs In Figure 314, how do structures A and B work together?

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30. Apply Concepts Referring to Figure 314, how does structure F act as a switchboard in the
body?

Essay
Write the answer to each question in the space provided.
31. Using the following terms, construct a graphic organizer to demonstrate the relationships among
parts of the nervous system. Be sure to give a brief description of each term.
central nervous system, sensory division, somatic nervous system, nervous system, peripheral
nervous system, motor division, autonomic nervous system

32. Construct a table in which you describe the four types of lobes in the brain. The information in the
table should include their location and function.

33. Why do you think some teens abuse drugs? Based on what you know about how drugs affect the
brain, what could you tell a friend who is thinking of trying them?

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34. In your own words, describe what is occurring in Figure


315. Include the roles of the three types of neurons in
your description.

35. Do you think your fingertips or the palms of your hands


have the greatest concentration of sensory receptors?
Explain your answer.
Figure 315

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