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December 12, 2011

B5557.01-122-34

JAR/ STS

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Design Wind Pressure Tables


Report B5557.01-122-34
Rendered to:
BORAL STONE PRODUCTS LLC
2256 Centennial Road
Toledo, Ohio 43617
Prepared by:
Joseph A. Reed, P.E.
Scott T. Swaltek, P.E.

Architectural Testing, Inc.


130 Derry Court
York, Pennsylvania 17406
(717) 764-7700

December 12, 2011

______________________________
Joseph A. Reed, P.E.
Director Engineering and Product Testing

______________________________
Scott T. Swaltek, P.E.
Senior Project Engineer
2012.01.27 08:10:26 -05'00'
Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011


JAR/ STS

B5557.01-122-34

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Scope
Architectural Testing, Inc. was contracted by Boral Stone Products LLC to calculate the design
wind pressure requirements for Versetta Stone wall cladding products with various building
conditions and building locations.
Methods of the following reference standards are used:
2007 Florida Building Code (includes 2009 Supplement). International Code Council, Inc.,
2008.
2009 International Building Code. International Code Council, Inc., 2009.
ASCE 7-05 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures. American Society of
Civil Engineers, 2005.
Criteria
Design wind pressures for components and cladding are calculated assuming the following criteria:
Building Category:
Building Importance:
Topographical Factor:
Wind Directionality:
Building Envelope:

II
I = 1.00
Kzt = 1.00
Kd = 1.00
Enclosed

The design wind pressures for components and cladding are determined for these criteria and the
following variables:
Basic Wind Speed:
Building Roof Height:
Component Area:
Building Exposure:

V = 90, 100, 110, 120, 130 140, 146 and 150 MPH
h = 15', 30' and 45'
A = 2.1 ft2 (8-1/2" x 36" panel)
B and C

Definitions of Building Category, Building Importance, Building Exposure, Topographical Factor


and Wind Directionality are presented on page 16.

Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011


JAR/ STS

B5557.01-122-34

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Calculations
Calculations of component positive and negative pressures use the spreadsheet format presented on
page 3. The spreadsheet is executed for each combination of the variables presented above. Results
are grouped by basic wind speed and presented in the tables on page 4 through page 6. The
elevation of the product is assumed to be at or less than the building height shown in the tables. For
intermediate building heights not shown in the table, use the design pressure for the next higher
elevation or interpolate.
The calculated design pressures are then compared to the design pressure capacities for various
anchorages established by Architectural Testing report 99242.06-122-34. If a calculated design
pressure capacity is greater than the calculated design pressure for a particular installation, the
installation is deemed acceptable. Summary tables are presented on page 8 through page 15.

Revision 2: 01/25/12

Kh
0.85
0.98
1.07

qh
(psf)
48.9
56.6
61.6

2.0

Area

Zone 4 & 5
1.00
1.00
1.00

degrees
inches
inches
2
ft

MPH

GCP
Zone 4
-1.10
-1.10
-1.10

Kzt
Kd
GCpi

Zone 5
-1.40
-1.40
-1.40

Design Wind Pressures (psf)


Zone 4 & 5
Zone 4
Zone 5
57.7
-62.6
-77.3
66.8
-72.4
-89.4
72.7
-78.9
-97.4

1.00
1.00
0.18 (0.18 Enclosed, 0.55 Partially Enclosed)

JAR/ STS

Building Roof
Height (ft)
15
30
45

II
1.00
150
C
11.0
36.0
9.0

Building Category
Importance
Basic Wind Speed
Exposure Category
Building Roof Slope
Panel Width
Panel Height

ASCE 7-05
For Buildings <= 60 ft tall

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding

December 12, 2011


B5557.01-122-34
4
11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011


JAR/ STS

B5557.01-122-34

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding (psf)


Design Wind Speed: 90 MPH
Building Roof
Height (ft)

Exposure B

Exposure C

15

+17.1 / -23.0

+20.8 / -27.8

30

+17.1 / -23.0

+24.0 / -32.2

45

+19.2 / -25.8

+26.2 / -35.0

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding (psf)


Design Wind Speed: 100 MPH
Building Roof
Height (ft)

Exposure B

Exposure C

15

+21.2 / -28.3

+25.6 / -34.3

30

+21.2 / -28.3

+29.7 / -39.7

45

+23.8 / -31.8

+32.3 / -43.3

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding (psf)


Design Wind Speed: 110 MPH
Building Roof
Height (ft)

Exposure B

Exposure C

15

+25.6 / -34.3

+31.0 / -41.5

30

+25.6 / -34.3

+35.9 / -48.1

45

+28.8 / -38.5

+39.1 / -52.4

Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Design Wind Speed is 3-second gust speed at 10m with 50 year return period.
Wind pressures calculated at worst-case product location (i.e. corner zone).
Calculations assume building is "enclosed" (GCpi = +/ 0.18).
Calculations assume Importance I = 1.00, Wind Directionality Kd = 1.00 and Topographical
Factor Kzt = 1.00.
5. Roof slope assumed > 10o to forego 10% reduction in GCp for h < 60 ft.
6. Interpolation can be performed for intermediate building roof heights.

Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011


JAR/ STS

B5557.01-122-34

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding (psf)


Design Wind Speed: 120 MPH
Building Roof
Height (ft)

Exposure B

Exposure C

15

+30.5 / -40.8

+36.9 / -49.4

30

+30.5 / -40.8

+42.7 / -57.2

45

+34.2 / -45.8

+46.5 / -62.3

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding (psf)


Design Wind Speed: 130 MPH
Building Roof
Height (ft)

Exposure B

Exposure C

15

+35.8 / -47.9

+43.3 / -58.0

30

+35.8 / -47.9

+50.1 / -67.1

45

+40.2 / -53.8

+54.6 / -73.1

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding (psf)


Design Wind Speed: 140 MPH
Building Roof
Height (ft)

Exposure B

Exposure C

15

+41.5 / -55.5

+50.3 / -67.3

30

+41.5 / -55.5

+58.2 / -77.9

45

+46.6 / -62.4

+63.3 / -84.8

Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Design Wind Speed is 3-second gust speed at 10m with 50 year return period.
Wind pressures calculated at worst-case product location (i.e. corner zone).
Calculations assume building is "enclosed" (GCpi = +/ 0.18).
Calculations assume Importance I = 1.00, Wind Directionality Kd = 1.00 and Topographical
Factor Kzt = 1.00.
5. Roof slope assumed > 10o to forego 10% reduction in GCp for h < 60 ft.
6. Interpolation can be performed for intermediate building roof heights.
7. 140 MPH and Exposure C is the building code requirement for Broward County, Florida
Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011


JAR/ STS

B5557.01-122-34

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding (psf)


Design Wind Speed: 146 MPH
Building Roof
Height (ft)

Exposure B

Exposure C

15

+45.1 / -60.4

+54.7 / -73.2

30

+45.1 / -60.4

+63.2 / -84.7

45

+50.7 / -67.8

+68.9 / -92.2

Design Wind Pressures for Components and Cladding (psf)


Design Wind Speed: 150 MPH
Building Roof
Height (ft)

Exposure B

Exposure C

15

+47.6 / -63.8

+57.7 / -77.3

30

+47.6 / -63.8

+66.8 / -89.4

45

+53.5 / -71.6

+72.7 / -97.4

Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Design Wind Speed is 3-second gust speed at 10m with 50 year return period.
Wind pressures calculated at worst-case product location (i.e. corner zone).
Calculations assume building is "enclosed" (GCpi = +/ 0.18).
Calculations assume Importance I = 1.00, Wind Directionality Kd = 1.00 and Topographical
Factor Kzt = 1.00.
5. Roof slope assumed > 10o to forego 10% reduction in GCp for h < 60 ft.
6. Interpolation can be performed for intermediate building roof heights.
7. 146 MPH and Exposure C is the building code requirement for Dade County, Florida

Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011


JAR/ STS

B5557.01-122-34

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Table 1 Maximum Wind Speed for Exposure Category - Versetta Stone


Quantity

Fastener

3/16" Countersunk
Tapcon Anchor

#8 Sheet Metal Screw


(SMS)

#10 Sheet Metal Screw


(SMS)

#8 Pan Head
Wood Screw

#10 Pan Head


Wood Screw

10d Ring Shank Nail

Substrate

Building
Height (ft)

IBC & IRC


3-second gust
(mph)
Cat. B Cat. C

15

150

130

30

150

120

45

146

120

20 Gage Steel Stud


with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

146

130

30

146

120

45

140

120

20 Gage Steel Stud


with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

150

140

30

150

130

45

150

120

Wood 2x Framing
with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

146

130

30

146

120

45

140

120

Wood 2x Framing
with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

150

140

30

150

130

45

150

120

Wood 2x Framing
with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

150

150

30

150

146

45

150

140

Concrete Masonry
Unit (CMU)

Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011

B5557.01-122-34

JAR/ STS

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Table 1 Maximum Wind Speed for Exposure Category - Versetta Stone (Continued)
IBC & IRC
3-second
gust
Building
Quantity
Fastener
Substrate
(mph)
Height (ft)
Cat. B Cat. C

10d (0.128" dia.)


Box Nail

11 gage (0.120" dia.)


Roofing Nail

10d (0.128" dia.)


Box Nail

11 gage (0.120" dia.)


Roofing Nail

Wood 2x Framing
with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

90

30

90

45

90

Wood 2x Framing
with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

90

30

90

45

Wood 2x Framing
with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

100

90

30

100

90

45

100

Wood 2x Framing
with 1/2"
OSB/Plywood
Sheathing

15

100

90

30

100

45

90

Notes:
1. Anchors spacing and embedment/penetration must conform to the requirements of
Architectural Testing report 99242.06-122-34.
2. A minimum of two fasteners must penetrate framing
3. 20 gage steel stud = 0.0359" or thicker

Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011


JAR/ STS

B5557.01-122-34

10

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Definitions
Building Category: Refers to the Building Occupancy (i.e. intended use) and the relative hazard
for occupants. Building Category I represents a low hazard such as minor storage facilities or
agricultural buildings. Building Category III represents a high hazard for occupants and is generally
designated for larger institutional buildings, larger day care facilities and similar buildings.
Building Category IV is for essential facilities such as hospitals or high hazard facilities such as
chemical processing plants. Building Category II, assumed for this analysis, includes those
buildings designated not at Building Category I, Building Category III or Building Category IV and
represents most residential, commercial, industrial and institutional buildings. See ASCE 7-05
Table 1-1 for more information.
Building Importance: A factor applied to calculation of the basic wind pressure based on Building
Category. For Building Category II, assumed for this analysis, a Building Importance factor of 1.00
is applied.
Building Exposure: A category based on ground surface roughness in the vicinity of the subject
building that defines factors to be applied to the calculation of the basic wind pressure. This
analysis considers the following two ground surface roughness categories.
Exposure B: Urban and suburban areas with closely spaced obstructions.
Exposure C: Open terrain such as grasslands and all water surfaces in hurricane prone regions.
Topographical Factor: A factor applied to the calculation of the basic wind pressure based on the
geometry and relative location of hills, escarpments or cliffs that may affect the basic wind speed
experienced by the subject building. For this analysis, a Topographical Factor of 1.00 (i.e. no
influence from hills, escarpments or cliffs) is utilized.
Wind Directionality Factor: A factor applied to the calculation of the basic wind pressure to
account for eventual combination of the design wind pressure with other building loads. Because
vertical glazing, in general, is not influenced by other building loads (i.e. snow load, soil load, flood
load, earthquake load or ice load), a wind directionality factor of 1.00 is appropriate.

Revision 2: 01/25/12

December 12, 2011

B5557.01-122-34

JAR/ STS

11

11

Boral StoneWind Pressure Tables

Revision Log
Date

Page(s)

Revision(s)

12/12/11

N/A

Original report issue

01/12/12

Revised wind speed table per client


request.

01/25/12

Added plain nail installation conditions to


Table 1.

Rev. #

Revision 2: 01/25/12