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Exercise on Smart Forms

Create a Form by name ZUSERID_INVOICE and the program name ZUSERID_PRINTINVOICE

Solution to the exercise on printing Invoices


Let us print an Invoice whose output will be as follows:

Step 1 :
Go to Transaction SMARTFORMS from the SAP Easy Access Screen.

Give the Smart Form name which starts with Y or Z and click on

Create.

Step 2 :
Rename Page1 as FIRST by expanding the node Pages and Windows, double click on the node
%PAGE1.

As per the Requirement we need to have 5 windows.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1st window for displaying Logo


2nd window for displaying Billing Document Details
3rd window for displaying Customer Details
4th window for displaying the Item Details and the Total Amount
5th window for displaying the Footer Details

Of all these windows the Main window i.e. the window, which holds the Item Details is already
defined. So let us now create the other windows.
Step 3 :
Expand the node FIRST to see the main window. Now to create the Logo window.

The following screen appears. Ensure that the window type is Secondary. Now Rename
WINDOW1 as LOGOWIN by double clicking on the node %WINDOW1.

The following screen appears.

Repeat the same for creating remaining windows. After creating the remaining windows the
screen should look like this:

Step 4 :

Now go to the Form Painter by clicking on the button


application toolbar. Adjust all the windows as per the requirement.

present on the

You can close the Form painter by pressing the button


.
Step 5 :
Now let us place a Graphic into the LOGOWIN (Logo Window).
For that we need to first import the image from the local system. To do this Go to transaction
SE78 from the SAP Easy Access screen. The initial screen for Administration of Form Graphics
appears. Expand the node GRAPHICS and select Bitmap images. Select the Radio Button Color
for uploading Colored images.
Now Click on Import Button in order to import an image from your system.

A pop up appears. Give the File path in the File Name, Enter a Name and Description as shown
below and

Continue.

Step 6 :
Now go back to the transaction SMARTFORMS. Right Click on the LOGOWIN Create
Graphic.

As per the following screen shot make the changes. In the field NAME with the F4 help select the
image which you have imported from SE78.

Step 7 :
Now coming to the Declarations. As required the data into the form comes from 3 tables namely,
KNA1 - For printing the Customer Details in the Customer Details Window.
VBRK - For printing the Billing Document Header Details in the Billing Document Details Window.
VBRP - For printing the Item Details in the Main Window.
The Data Retrieval and printing the Form is done through a Driver Program called
ZSF_PRINTINVOICE.
In the Form we need to declare some Import parameters and also define some Global Definitions.
For declaring Import parameters double click on Form Interface and include the lines as shown
below :

If you have table types defined for VBRK and VBRP tables give those names in the Associated
types column.
IM_FS_KNA1 - The field string for Holding Customer Details.
IM_T_VBRK - Table to hold Billing Document Header Data.
IM_T_VBRP
- Table to hold Billing Document Item Data.
For Global Definitions, double click on the Global Definitions and include the lines as follows :

IM_T_KNA1
IM_FS_VBRK
IM_FS_VBRP
W_TOTAL

- Table to hold Customer Details.


- Field String to hold Billing Document Header Data.
- Field String to hold Billing Document Item Data.
- Stores the Total Amount of the field NETWR.

If the above screen shot is observed we find a arrow which is placed on Currency/Quant. Fields.
Open this Tab to include the following lines.

This is to refer the currency field NETWR in the table VBRP to its corresponding currency key
field in the table VBRK.
Step 8 :
Displaying the contents in BILLWIN (Billing Window).
Create a Loop under the node BILLWIN

Name the Loop as LOOP_BILL, give a description as Loop for Billing Details. In the field Operand
give the details as IM_T_VBRK
INTO IM_FS_VBRK. In the where condition give the field
name as KUNAG, Select the operator as = and comparison value as IM_FS_KNA1-KUNNR.

Create Text under the Loop LOOP_BILL to display Billing Document Details

Give the Name for the TEXT and a Description. To display the fields click on
Field List
on/off button on the application toolbar. A list with field names appear at the bottom left corner as
shown in the screen shot below. Drag & Drop the fields from IM_FS_VBRK on to the editor.

Step 9 :
Displaying the contents in CUSTWIN (Customer Window)
Create Text under the node CUSTWIN to display the Customer Details.

Give the Name for the TEXT and a Description. Click on


Field List on/off button on the
application toolbar. A list with field names appear at the bottom left corner as shown in the screen
shot below. Drag & Drop the fields from IM_FS_KNA1 on to the editor.

Step 10 :
Displaying contents in MAIN (Main Window)
Create a Table under the node MAIN.

Give Name for the table and Description. Right click on %LTYPE1 and rename the Line as Line1.

Since we have to display 5 columns, LINE1 has to be divided into 5 cells. To draw lines Select
the button

Draw Lines and Columns.

Now create a Table line under the node Header and give the Line Type as Line1.

As soon as you give the Line type as Line1 and press ENTER you can see that under the
%ROW1 5 Cells namely %CELL1%CELL5 are created. Now Rename each of these as
shown below:

Now under each Cell create TEXT for Displaying the Column Headings.

Repeat the same steps for the node Main Area.


Define a Table line. Give the Line Type as LINE1.
As soon as you give the Line type as Line1 and press ENTER you can see that under the
%ROW1 5 Cells namely %CELL1%CELL5 are created. Now Rename each of these Cells

and Create Texts under each Cell to display the Details from VBRP. After Creating all these your
screen should look like this :

In the Main Area Drag and Drop the fields from the field string IM_FS_VBRP to print the Item
Details. So in the Text ITEMNO1 it will be &IM_FS_VBRP-POSNR& and so on as shown
above.
Since we have to display the Total amount in the Footer area, Create a Table Line with one Cell.
To create a Table Line Right Click on the Line 1 Insert Empty line underneath . An empty
Line appears after Line 1. Name this Line as Line2.

Create a Text under the cell TOTAL. Give the Line type as Line 2. The Following screen appears

In order to calculate the Total (W_TOTAL) go to the Table ITEMDET. Select the Tab Calculations
and give the details as shown in the screen shot below:

Go back to the Footer Text for Displaying the TOTAL. Drag and Drop W_TOTAL from the
Global Data. To display the field list Click on the button

Step 11 :

Field list on/off.

Displaying contents in BOTTOMWIN (Footer Details)


Create a TEXT under the Node BOTTOMWIN to display the Footer Information.

Give the Name for the TEXT and a Description an Enter the Text you want to Display in the
window. So your screen looks something like this:

Step 12 :
Finally

Save and

Activate the Form.

As we know, when we Activate the Smart Form it generates a Function Module automatically. To
view the Function Module generated for this Smart Form, Go to Environment Function Module
Name.

By Clicking on the Function Module Name, a pop up appears which gives the name of the
Function Module.

Note down the Function Module name.


Step 13 :
Driver program to Execute the form ZSF_INVOICE
Go to Transaction SE38 from the SAP Easy Access Screen and create an Executable Program
with some name say ZSF_PRINTINVOICE.

As in the following program, declare the Selection screen elements, Work variables, Internal
Tables etc and call the Functions 'SSF_FUNCTION_MODULE_NAME' and /
1BCDWB/SF00000201 (The one which we got in Smart form by going to Environment
Function Module Name). After calling the Function /1BCDWB/SF00000201 just replace it by
FM_NAME as shown in the code below:
REPORT zsf_printinvoice.
*"Table Declarations...................................................
TABLES:
kna1,
vbrk,
vbrp.
*"Select Screen Elements...............................................
PARAMETERS :
p_kunnr LIKE vbrk-kunag,
p_vbeln LIKE vbrk-vbeln.
*"Data Declarations....................................................
*"--------------------------------------------------------------------*
*
Work
Variables
*
*"--------------------------------------------------------------------*
DATA :
fm_name TYPE rs38l_fnam.
" Name of the Function Module
*"--------------------------------------------------------------------*
* Internal Table to Hold Billing Document Header Details *
*"--------------------------------------------------------------------*
DATA :
t_vbrk LIKE
STANDARD TABLE
OF vbrk.
*"--------------------------------------------------------------------*
* Internal Table to Hold Billing Document Item Details
*
*"--------------------------------------------------------------------*
DATA:
t_vbrp LIKE
STANDARD TABLE
OF vbrp.
DATA :
fs_kna1 TYPE kna1,
" Holds Customer Details

fs_vbrk LIKE LINE OF t_vbrk,


" Holds BillingDoc Header Details
fs_vbrp LIKE LINE OF t_vbrp.
" Holds BillingDoc Item Details
*"--------------------------------------------------------------------*
*
START-OF-SELECTION EVENT
*
*"--------------------------------------------------------------------*
START-OF-SELECTION.
SELECT SINGLE *
FROM kna1
INTO fs_kna1
WHERE kunnr EQ p_kunnr.
SELECT *
FROM vbrk
INTO TABLE t_vbrk
WHERE kunag EQ p_kunnr
AND vbeln EQ p_vbeln.
SELECT *
FROM vbrp
INTO TABLE t_vbrp
FOR ALL ENTRIES IN t_vbrk
WHERE vbeln = t_vbrk-vbeln.
CALL FUNCTION 'SSF_FUNCTION_MODULE_NAME'
EXPORTING
formname
= 'ZSF_INVOICE'
IMPORTING
fm_name
= fm_name
EXCEPTIONS
no_form
= 1
no_function_module = 2
OTHERS
= 3.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
* MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
*
WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.
ENDIF.
CALL FUNCTION fm_name
EXPORTING
im_fs_kna1
= fs_kna1
im_t_vbrk
= t_vbrk
im_t_vbrp
= t_vbrp
EXCEPTIONS
formatting_error = 1
internal_error
= 2
send_error
= 3
user_canceled
= 4
OTHERS
= 5.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
* MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
*
WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.
ENDIF.
When the Above Program is Executed the final output would be: