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Environmental Chemistry, vanLoon & Duffy, Chapter 16

Guidelines

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16.2.1 Introduction
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Runoff from feedlots,
cultivated land,
logged forests, and
construction sites.

16.2 Waste Water and its treatment


16.2.1 Introduction
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Biological oxygen demand (BOD) is the amount of O2 (in milligram) required to carry out
the oxidation of organic carbon in one liter of water.

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The objectives for water treatment derive from two concerns:


Human health and welfare
The health of aquatic ecosystems

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16.2.2 Secondary treatment

Activated Sludge Process

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16.2 Waste Water and its treatment


16.2.3 Tertiary Treatment
Also called advanced waste treatment, includes a variety of processes performed on the
effluent from secondary waste treatment.
Remove P nutrients:
P removal by precipitation with lime:
3 PO43- + CaO (lime)

Ca5(PO4)3(OH)

Phosphate can also be removed by microorganisms that absorb phosphate.

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Systems add disinfectants to
destroy microorganisms that
can cause disease in humans.
Public water treatment systems
are required to disinfect water
obtained from different sources,
surface or groundwater.

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