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E-WASTE MANAGEMENT

Presented By
Purva Surana Deoyani Sonawane Kaveri Sonawane Raunak Saraf
Over 2 million old PCs Ready for Disposal in India
Over 75 million current mobile users expected to increase to
300 million by 2010 end.
INTRODUCTION
At present, India has about
16 million computers
which are expected to grow
to 75 million computers
by 2010
…an estimated 30,000 computers
Become Obsolete Every Year
From The IT Industry In Bangalore Alone.
WHAT IS ELECTRONIC WASTE? • Electronic waste, "ewaste" or "Waste Electrical and
Electronic Equipment" ("WEEE") is a waste consisting of any broken or unwanted e
lectrical or electronic appliance. • It is a point of concern considering that m
any components of such equipment are considered toxic and are not biodegradable.
SOURCES OF EWASTE.
• • • • • • • • IT & Telecom Equipments Large Household Appliances Small Househo
ld Appliances Consumer & Lighting Equipments Electrical & Electronic Tools Toys,
Leisure & Sports Equipment Medical Devices Monitoring & Control
IS IT HAZARDOUS WASTE ? E-Waste contains several different substances and chemic
als, many of which are toxic and are likely to create adverse impact on environm
ent and health, if not handled properly. However, classification of E-waste as h
azardous or otherwise shall depend upon the extent of presence of hazardous cons
tituents in it.
Effects On Environment.
Pollution of Ground-Water. Acidification of soil. Air Pollution. E-Waste
accounts for 40 percent of the lead and 75 percent of the heavy metals found in
landfills.
Effects On Human Health.
Damage to central and peripheral nervous systems, blood systems and kidney dam
age. Affects brain development of children. Chronic damage to the brain. R
espiratory and skin disorders due to bioaccumulation in fishes. Asthmatic bron
chitis. DNA damage. Reproductive and developmental problems. Immune system
damage. Lung Cancer. Damage to heart, liver and spleen.
E-Waste Management.
• In industries management of e-waste should begin at the point of generation. T
his can be done by waste minimization techniques and by sustainable product desi
gn. Waste minimization in industries involves adopting:
1. 2. 3. 4.
Inventory management, Production-process modification, Volume reduction, Recover
y and reuse.
The Current Scenario in India.
E-WASTE PILING UP
Mumbai at present tops the list • Mumbai - 11, 017 tonnes • Delhi - 9,730 tonnes
• Bangalore - 4,648 tonnes • Chennai - 4,132 tonnes • Kolkata - 4,025 tonnes •
Ahmedabad - 3,287 tonnes • Hyderabad - 2,833 tonnes • Pune - 2,584 tonnes • Sura
t - 1,836 tonnes
The Total E-Waste in India has been Estimated to be
1,46,180 Tonnes per year.
Recycling Of
1. Treatment Options Of E-Waste. • Land filling. • Incineration. Technologies In
India. • E-waste trade value chain. • Environmentally Sound E-waste Treatment T
echnology. • CRT treatment technology.
1.
1.
Technology Currently Used in India.
• • • • • Decontamination. Dismantling. Pulverization/ Hammering. Shredding. Den
sity separation using water.
Approach and Methodology.
• Step 1: Identify the E-waste category item. • Step 2: Identify the E-waste com
position or determine it. • Step 3: Identify possible hazardous content in E-was
te. • Step 4: Identify, whether the E-waste component is hazardous or the entire
Ewaste item is hazardous.
CASE STUDY.
Company’s Name:
Features Of Infotrek:
• • • • • • An e-waste management company. State of art recycling facility. Germ
an technology. 9 locations. Investment over $ 25 million. Eco recycling.
• ISO 9001:2000 Certified • Established in 1994. • Profit making since inception
• Listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, since 1995
COLLABORATION
• • • • • • Member of International Association of Electronics Recyclers (IAER),
USA Co-promoters of e-exchangeindia.com in association with Recycle Net Corpora
tion U.S.A Tie ups with the OEM’s, large corporate, Government Departments, for
procuring the materials Tie up with National level logistic service providers fo
r movement of goods based on in house SCM Present network of kabadies (scrap dea
lers) will be motivated to procure from door to door for the smaller quantities
Local Municipal authorities for collection & disposal
PROCESS
Material Recovery (Step - III)
5
4
Automated Separation (Step - II)
Hazardous material Segregation & Disposal
6
Collection of Electronic Waste
1
3
Manual Dismantling & Sorting (Step - I)
Safe Storage
2
ACTIVITIES
Recycling Collection Recycling Certification Legal Compliance Disposal of Hazard
ous Substances
Remarketing Repairing Refurbishing & Upgrading Sale & Lease Charity / Donation
Data Security Integrated Logistic Services
Conclusion.
Reduce
Recover
Reuse
Recycle
= Zero Land Fill