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YALK ORIKNTAL SKKIKS.

RESEARCHES, VOI, JX

APPENDIX

A SYSTEM OF ACCENTUATION
FOR

SUMERO-AKKADIAN SIGNS
BY

CLARENCE ELWOOD KEISER,

PH.D.

MEMBER OP THE YALE BABYLONIAN SEMINARY

NEW HAVEN
YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS
LONDON HUMPHREY MILFORD OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

MDCCCCXIX

Li

SUIM

YALE ORIENTAL SERIES. RESEARCHES, VOL. IX APPENDIX

A SYSTEM OF ACCENTUATION
FOR

SUMERO-AKKADIAN SIGNS
BY

CLARENCE ELWOOD REISER,

PH.D.

MEMBER OF THE YALE BABYLONIAN SEMINARY

D-TIH

a own

NEW HAVEN
YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS
LONDON HUMPHREY MILFORD OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

MDCCCCXIX

FOREWORD
As

is

well

known, various systems of accentuation are being followed by

In many of these
scholars in distinguishing the values of cuneiform signs.
schemes there is no uniformity as to the accent used, while others include
only such values as are found in a comparatively small group of inscriptions.
In the following system of accentuation each value is differentiated by an

Both
corresponding sign can be readily identified.
Sumerian and Akkadian values are included because it was thought more
convenient and less confusing to have but one list for the two languages,

accent, so that the

rather than a separate list for each.


Primarily only monosyllabic values are
considered, others are given when the same value occurs for more than one

For the values designated by h in Akkadian and frequently by g in


Sumerian, it seemed best, in order to avoid many duplications, to use the
same letter; so that h in the list represents both the Sumerian and Akkadian
values.
The list must naturally be supplemented from time to time as new

sign.

values are found.

The

writer wishes to acknowledge with thanks his indebtedness to Professors Clay, Barton, and Price, Dr. Grice, and Mr. Tremayne for valuable
suggestions and helpful assistance in making the list.

lip

16

ITp

liq
lis

1H
1ft

lub

lad
iub
lul

Imn

1P
lug
lut

lu^

M
ma
ma

mi

mi

niz
qad

dk
qal

qu

q/n
qap
q/p

qaq
qar

qun

q/r

qnp

qas

qat

pul
qat

HC
qaz
qi

rf

qid
qCd
qii

HfT^

ru

r<
{

"

Jw

rl

rug

j^jf

ruk

H^ST

ruq
rtfq

ruiT

8
sa
si

sa

sa

sa
sab

sad
s/d

sad
sag

sal)
It)

sa])ar
sak.

sak
sal

ziz

ZUffl

NT

2iq

III

zun

zur

,r,

2^1

zuq

VtX

zir

zug

zir

zuk

zur

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