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Cuaderno de Apuntes 2015

INGLS GENERAL I

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Estimado Estudiante de AIEP, en este Cuaderno de Apuntes, junto a cada Aprendizaje Esperado que se te
presenta y que corresponde al Mdulo que cursas, encontrars Conceptos, Ideas Centrales y
Aplicaciones que reforzarn el aprendizaje que debes lograr.

Esperamos que estas Ideas Claves entregadas a modo de sntesis te orienten en el desarrollo del saber, del
hacer y del ser.

Mucho xito.-

Direccin de Desarrollo Curricular y Evaluacin


VICERRECTORA ACADMICA AIEP

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Mdulo: Ingls General I


Unidad 1

Interactuar en un nivel bsico del idioma ingls, en forma oral y escrita, produciendo
mensajes contextualizados y relacionados con variadas situaciones sociales que
incluyen expresiones y frases de uso diario en diferentes niveles de formalidad, y
siendo capaz de complementar y relacionar significativamente sus competencias
profesionales con las referidas al uso del idioma ingls en sus distintas formas.

1. Aprendizaje esperado:
Entregan informacin personal bsica propia y de terceros, aplicando tiempo verbal presente,
generando situaciones comunicativas elementales formales e informales.

1.1. Saying Hello.


There are different ways to say hello, depending on the level of formality. Here you have some
examples:
You use hello when you speak to adult people o when you are in a formal situation like an
interview or you want to show a certain respect to someone.
Hi is used in an informal situation; for example, when you speak to friends.
1.2 Greeting people
There are many ways of greeting people depending on what time of the day it is and the people
who you are talking to.

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Good morning

Good afternoon

Good evening

1.3. Titles
They are words added to someones name to show certain respect or social position.
FOR MALES
Mr.

FOR FEMALES

MARITAL STATUS

Ms.

Single or Married

Miss

Single

Mrs.

Married.

Exercise1: Write an M if you are talking about a man and a W if you are talking about a woman.

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1.- Mr. Brown ____________


2.- Miss Corts ____________
3.- Ms. Chen

_____________

4.- Mrs. Kendall _____________


Answer Keys
1= M / 2= W / 3=w/4= W

1.4 Saying good bye.


There are many ways of expressing good-bye, depending on the formality and the specific
situation.
A: It`s late, I have to go home. Good bye! (formal)
B:
-

Bye
See you
See you later
See you around
See you anytime
Good night

Don forget that good


night is a good-bye
expression. If you want to
say hello during the
night, you have to use
good evening.

1.5 Everyday questions and expressions.


A: How are you?
B:
-

(Formal)

I am fine
Just fine
Very well
Very bad
Not so bad

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Not so good
Terrible
Great

A: Hows it going?

(Informal)

B:
-

Very good
Pretty good
Okay (OK)
Good
Terrific
Awful

Some special situations


Happy birthday / Happy New Year BUT Merry Christmas
Good luck!
Good for you! / Congratulations!
Thank you / Thanks

Youre welcome.

Please.
Im sorry / Excuse me.
Bless you! / Cheers!
As a summary:
Formal Expressions

Less Formal Expressions

Yes.

Yeah - Yep

Thank you.

Thanks

Hello / Good morning, afternoon,


evening.
How are you?

Hi / Hey
How are you doing? / How is it going? / Whats up?

Im fine.

OK / Pretty good / Good / Cool.

Good bye.

Bye / See you (later, tomorrow, soon, etc) / Take care

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1.3 The English alphabet.


The Alphabet is used a lot in the countries where people speak English. There are many names and
last names which they are pronounced in the same way; however, the spelling is completely different.
Example: KOWASKY and KOWASKI are pronounced the same but one is written by y and the
second one is written by i . The way of spelling is very important to clarify.

(ei)

B (bi)

C (si)

D (di)

(i)

F (ef)

G (lli)

H (eich)

(ai)

(llei)

K (kei)

L (el)

(em)

N (en)

O (ou)

P (pi)

(ki)

R (ar)

S (es)

T (ti)

(iu)

V (vi)

W (dbliu)

X (eks)

(wai)

(zed) British
(zi) American

Exercise
Practice the alphabet, spelling aloud the following names:

1) YASNA

5) CAMILA

9) HILARY

2) MATTHEW

6) PETER

10) SEBASTIAN

3) KIMBERLY

7) DAVID

11) JASON

4) STEVEN

8) ALONZO

12) SARAH

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1.4 Asking for personal information.


A: Whats your name?
B: My name is Ricky.
A: Whats your last name?
B: My last name is Blaze.
My first name is Ricky.
My Middle name is Robert.
My last name is Blaze.
Exercise: George Michael Scott is a new student in the English class. His teacher is asking him basic
questions. Complete this conversation
Teacher :
Student:

Welcome to the English class.


What is your first name?
(1) __________________________________

Teacher:

Aha. And What is your middle name?

Student:

(2) _____________________________________

Teacher:

Ok. And What about your last name?

Student:

(3) _______________________________________

Teacher:

Thanks for this information .Have a seat.

Answer keys
1: My name is George
2.- My Middle name is Michael
3. My last name is Scott

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1.5 Talking about numbers

http://xaquelinemonteithenglish.blogspot.com/2013/09/blog-post_8887.html

IMPORTANT
The number 0 can be
pronounced oh or
zero.

* Note: When you say phone numbers, the 0 (zero) can be pronounced like oh
Example:
Robert:
Jason:

Whats your phone number?


It is eight, seven, oh, four, five. (8 7 0 4 5)

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Exercise: Write the results with numbers and words in the following operations:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

30+ 40 =
9X 7 =
10: 2 =
13-1 =
55+ 20 =
3x 3 =
90 + 10=

___________
___________
___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
Answer Keys
1. seventy
2. sixty-three
3. five
4. twelve
5. seventy-five
6. nine
7. one hundred

70
63
5
12
75
9
100

1.6 Exchanging Personal Information with TO BE.


When you are meeting someone and you want to get information about this person, it is
necessary to remind the following questions:
STUDENT 1
Excuse me. Whats your name?

STUDENT 2
Its Felipe

IMPORTANT
Whats = What is

Whats your last name?

Its Kowasky

Where are you from?

I am from Chile.

How old are you?

I am twenty two years old.

What are you like?

I am tall, thin and handsome.

Whats your nationality?

I am Peruvian.

How are you?

I am fine, thanks.

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Whats your phone number?

Its 666-555-378

DONT FORGET:
Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I AM a good student.

I AM NOT (m not) Steven Carson.

AM I in the correct class?

Richard IS my friend.

It IS NOT (s not / isnt) the English class.

IS Laura sick?

Sue IS at the library.

My mom IS NOT (s not / isnt) at work.

Where IS Ben from?

They ARE my classmates.

We ARE NOT twenty years old.

How old ARE your parents?

Exercise:
Complete the conversation using to be. Practice with a partner.
1. A: Jason, (a) _____________ you and Robert from Canada?
B: Yes, we (b) ________.
A: (c) _________ you from Ottawa?
B: No,(d)

___________ not. (e) _____________ from Vancouver.

2.A: (a) __________ Hillary from U.S?


B: No,(b) ______ not. Shes from England.
A ( c)

________ she from London?

B: Yes, she (d) __________. But her parents (e) ___________ from France originally.

3.A: (a) ______________ Guadalupe and Pedro from Peru?


B: No, (b) ___________ not.(c) ___________ from Mexico.
A: What about you?

Where (d)_________ you from?

B: _(e)________ from France.


A: So your first language (f)____________ French, right?
B: Yes, It (g) ______________.

Answer Keys
1. (a) Are

(b) are
(c ) Are
(d) were / Were

2. (a) Is
(b) she is
(c ) Is
(d) / is
(e) are

3.(a) Are
(b) theyre
(c) they are
(d) are
(e ) I am
(f) is
(g ) is

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1.7 Asking for specific information using Wh- questions.


When you want to get information in a conversation, it is necessary to use wh questions.
WH- QUESTION

USE AND

EXAMPLES

WHAT?

Things (concrete or abstract)

WHO?

People (plural or singular)

WHERE?

Places

WHEN?

General time

WHY?

Reason

WHY are you so happy?


WHY is he at the office today?

HOW?

Manner

HOW are you?


HOW is she going home this week?

WHAT TIME?

Exact time

WHAT TIME is the meeting?


WHAT TIME are you coming back?

WHAT is your last name?


WHO are those people?
WHOs your English teacher?
WHERE are you from?
WHERE is your sister?
WHEN is your birthday?
WHEN are your parents leaving?

Exercise:

Complete these conversations with the corresponding Wh- questions, according to the responses
given.
________________ is your teacher of English?
B: Mr. Brown. He is a very good teacher.

1.

A:

2.

A: ________________ is Jason Rowan from?

3.

A: ________________ is it?

4.

A: ________________ are you doing?

B: He is from Minnesota.

B: It is midnight.

B: Okay.

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5.

A: ________________ are you in Miami?

6.

A: ________________ are you like?

7.

A: ________________ is your birthday?


B: It is October 19th (nineteenth).

8.

A: ________________ is your mom?


B: Shes fine, thank you.

B: Because it is a beautiful city, I like it a lot.

B: I am tall, handsome and very friendly.

Answer Keys
1. Who
2. Where
3. What time
4. How

5. Why
6. What
7. When
8. How

Reading Comprehension
Hi dear students.
My name is Carol Hillary Rowan. I am a teacher of English. I am married. My husband is David
Jason Green. We are from Minnesota, U.S. Minnesota is very cold in winter and very hot in summer.
The people are very nice and friendly. David is a pilot and he is always busy. He is tall, a little heavy
and very handsome. I am short, thin and attractive. Our children are Camila, Richard and Adam.
They are students in Apllo Highschool in St. Cloud, a beautiful city in Minnesota. Camila is fifteen,
Richard is twelve and Adam is ten years old.
Camila is a good student. She is good at mathematics but she is bad at history. However, Richard is
a little lazy. He is good at physical education but he is very bad at public speech.
Adam is a very artistic student. He is good at theater and good at arts.
I am very demanding as a teacher but very fair.
Well, Welcome to my English class and now it is your turn to introduce yourself.

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Answer the questions about the text:


1. Where are Carol and her husband from?

__________________________________

2. Who is Camila?

__________________________________

3. Who is David?

__________________________________

4. What is St Cloud like?

__________________________________

5. What is Adam good at?

__________________________________

6. Is Camila lazy?

__________________________________

7. What is Davids last name?

__________________________________

Answer Keys
1. They are from Minnesota , U.S.
2. Camila is Carols daughter/ She is Carols daughter
3. David is Carols husband
4. It is a beautiful city
5.- He is good at theater and good at arts.
6.- No, Camila is not lazy. She is a good student
7.- it is Green.

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2. Aprendizaje esperado:

Entregan informacin sobre la ubicacin fsica de personas y diversos objetos, aplicando el tiempo
verbal presente simple, generando situaciones comunicativas elementales escritas y orales.

2.1. Objects in a classroom.


Checking the Indefinite Articles: A AN: Referring to singular objects
AN= followed by a Vowel

A= followed by Consonant

Examples: It is an apple.

Examples: It is a dog.

He is an engineer.

It is a dictionary.

Write the name of the corresponding objects.

12

11

10

9
1

8
7

2
3

www.afb.org

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1. _________________________

7. _________________________

2. _________________________

8. _________________________

3. _________________________

9. _________________________

4. _________________________

10. _________________________

5. _________________________

11. _________________________

6. _________________________

12. _________________________
Answer Keys
1. A board
2. A globe
3. Books
4. A printer
5.- A desk
6.- A computer
7.- A table
8.- A chair
9.- A calendar
10. A door
11.- A clock
12- A bulletin board/ noticeboard

Exercise: Mary Brown, a Teacher of English, has many objects on the desk because she wants to
practice English with her students.
Teacher

: Let me see Carol. This is something for a rainy day. Look at this. What is this?

Carol

: It is ___________________

Teacher

: Very well. Okay. Lets continue. Angelica, look at these objects. They are useful to

(1)

www.clipartbest.com

write. What are these?


Angelica

: Let me think. Oh yes. They are (2)__________________


onceuponateacher.blogspot.com

Teacher

: Good. What about you, Robert? Look at this object.

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It is used for carrying copybooks, pencils, etc. What is this?

Robert

: It is (3) __________________________

Teacher

: There you are. Let me see. Mary, look at these. They are very delicious and when

www.bagiva.com

you have a cold, they are very important for their vitamin C. What are these?

www.eofdreams.com

Mary

: I cannot see very well. Oh yes, I can see. They are (4) __________________.

Teacher

: Congratulations everybody! You did a very good job today.


Answer Keys
1.an umbrella
2. pencils
3. a book bag
4. oranges

2.2 Asking about the location of objects and people.


Where are these objects?

The glasses are ON the newspaper.

Image taken from: http://venturegalleries.com/wpcontent/uploads/2013/04/articlenew_ehow_images_a02_5m_3p_get-newspaper-editor-job800x800.jpg

The wallet is UNDER the umbrella.


Image taken from: http://www.softicons.com/businessicons/desktop-business-icons-by-aha-soft/wallet-icon

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The marker is IN FRONT OF the laptop


computer.

Image taken from:


http://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/windows-8-laptoproundup/#!bbxGbD

The television is BEHIND the purse.

Image taken from:


http://www.deviantart.com/morelikethis/374614537/scraps?o
ffset=264&view_mode=2#skins

The notebooks are IN the school bag.

Image taken from:


http://www.yeskey.com/space/ywbagrx3310/products_info/c
ool-student-bag-187374.html

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The watch is NEXT TO the CD player.

Image taken from: http://www.techno18.com/2011/12/top-5boomboxes-by-sony/

Exercise
Robert has a big mess in his bedroom. Look at the pictures and help him find his belongings,
completing the conversation below.

Image taken from: http://store.sony.com/am-fm-clock-radiozid27-ICFC218BLACK/cat-27-catid-EOL-Small-

Image taken from: http://store.sony.com/am-fm-clock-radiozid27-ICFC218BLACK/cat-27-catid-EOL-Small-

Image taken from: http://www.jeantique.nl/product/panelback-chair/

Image taken from:


http://brentwoodnylibrary.org/database.html

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Robert : What a big mess! Where is my alarm clock? I cant find it!
You

: Well, (1) ____________________________________. Can you see it?

Robert : Oh, yes. Thanks. And the pillows? Where are the pillows?
You

: Mmmm there they are! (2) ______________________________.

Robert : Wow! I cant understand why theyre there I cant find my sneakers. Where are my
sneakers?
You

: Your black and white sneakers? (3) _____________________________________!

Robert : Really? Well, and I need my English books to take to class today. Can you see them?
Where are my books?
You

: I cant believe it! (4) ________________________________________________. Youre a


real mess, Robert. You need to clean your room!
Answer Keys

1. Its under the bed.


2. They are on the floor.
3. They are on the floor and behind
the laptop
4. Theyre in the wastebasket.

.3. Talking about possession.


It is very important for you to use the possessive adjectives to get personal information.
PERSONAL
PRONOUNS

POSSESSIVE
ADJECTIVES

MY

YOU

YOUR

HE

HIS

SHE

HER

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IT

ITS

WE

OUR

THEY

THEIR

Examples:
1.A:
B:

What is your name?


My name is Jason

2.A:
B:

What is your mothers name?


Her name is Rose

3.-

What s your dogs name?

A:

Its name is Bobby

4.A:
B:

What are their names?


Their names are Camila and Jason

5.A: Excuse me. What are your names?


B: Our names are Sara and Robert.

Exercise
Complete the following dialog using (my, her, his, its, our, their)
A:

Hi Robert.

B:

Hi Francisco. Look at that girl.

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A:

What is ________ (1) name?

B:

______ (2) name is Pamela.

A:

She is very pretty. Who is that man next to her?

B:

________ (3) name is Mauricio. He is _________ (4) girlfriend.

A:

Oh really? What is he like?

B:

He is friendly and nice. He loves animals.

A:

Oh! Interesting. Look at that dog.

B:

What is __________(5) name?

A:

______(6) name is Blacky.

B:

Beautiful name for a dog.


Okay. I have to go. Bye.

A:

See you.

Answer Keys
1.- her
2.- her
3.- his
4.- his
5.- its
6.- its

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3. Aprendizaje esperado:
Describen personas famosas y miembros de su familia y amigos, aplicando el tiempo verbal presente
simple, generando situaciones comunicativas elementales escritas y orales, de manera formal e
informal.

3.1 Describing people: What are you like?


We can use different adjectives to describe a person, whether from a physical or from a psychological
point of view. Lets take a look at some of them:
Classify these adjectives according to this chart:
NICE / SHY / PRETTY / TALL / SERIOUS / SMART / THIN / YOUNG / FUNNY /
HEAVY / LAZY / SHORT / TALKATIVE / HANDSOME / MIDDLE-AGED /
QUIET / OUTGOING / FRIENDLY / INTERESTING / FIT / GOOD-LOOKING
Physical
characteristics

DESCRIBING
PEOPLE

Psychological
characteristics

a) _______________

1) _______________

b) _______________

2) _______________

c) _______________

3) _______________

d) _______________

4) _______________

e) _______________

5) _______________

f) _______________

6) _______________

g) _______________

7) _______________

h) _______________

8) _______________

i)

______________

9) _______________

j)

_______________

10)_______________

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Answer Keys
Physical
Characteristics
1) Pretty
2) Good-looking
3) Tall
4) Short
5) Thin
6) Young
7) Heavy
8) Handsome
9) Middle-aged
10) Fit

Psychological
Characteristics
1.- nice
2.- smart
3.- Serious
4.- talkative
5.- funny
6.- quiet
7.- shy
8.- outgoing
9.- friendly
10.interesting

Activity
Read the following text carefully, looking up the words you dont know.

DIFFERENT LIVES.
Look at this woman. Her name is Carol Rowan. These are her
children, Jason, Adam and Hillary. Carol is an actress. She is rich
and famous.

Image taken from: www.dailymail.co.uk

Look at her house. It is very big


and expensive. There are six bedrooms and three bathrooms in
the house. Carols car is new. It is very comfortable and fast. She
is not very happy with her life, she sometimes feels very lonely.
Image taken from:
www.google.cl/url?q=http:www.90r.com/pics/
big.house

Look at this man. His name is Jason Brown. He is a mechanic.


He has a normal working life in a garage. He is single and his
girlfriend is a French teacher.
Image taken from:
www.google.cl/url?q=http:www.shutterstock.com/
es/pic-53960077/
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He lives in a small apartment downtown. It is very


small and cheap. There are two small bedrooms and
one bathroom. Jasons car is old, too. It is slow and
uncomfortable but its fine for him, he says. He is very
happy and has a nice quiet life.
Image taken from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Downtown_Harrisburg_Com
mercial_Historic_District#mediaviewer/File:Old_Downtown_H
arrisburg_Commercial_Historic_District_Nov_10.JPG

Now, answer the questions below. Use complete sentences.


1.- What is Carols last name?

_______________________________________________.

2.- What is Carols house like?

_______________________________________________.

3.- Is Mauricio married?

_______________________________________________.

4.- What is Mauricios profession?

_______________________________________________.

5.- What is his house like?

_______________________________________________.

6.- Is he happy with his life? Why?


_________________________________________________________________________.
7.- What do you think about Carol? Is she happy? Why or why not?
_________________________________________________________________________.

Answer Keys
1. Its Rowan
2. Its very big and expensive.
3. No, he is single and has a girlfriend.
4. He is a mechanic.
5.- It is very small and cheap, it has two bedrooms
6.- yes, he is. Because he has a quiet life. (it may vary)
7.- No, she is not. Because she feels very lonely. (it
may vary)

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3.2 Members of the family.

Image taken from:


http://baykan.edublogs.org/files/2011/11/familymembers-1-1hf7pec.jpg

(Jennifer and Timmy are playing a guessing game about their family)
Jennifer : Okay Timmy. Who is our grandmother?
Timmy : That is very easy. Helen is our grandmother. Now its my turn. Who is our uncle?
Jennifer : Let me think. Oh, yes, uncle. Frank is our uncle. Timmy, who is our cousin?
Timmy : Alan is our cousin. Jennifer, who is our aunt?
Jennifer: Linda! Linda is our aunt. She is very nice. And who is our grandfather?
Timmy : Walter is our grandfather. He is very tall and thin. Its my turn again. Who is our mother?
Jennifer: Nancy, of course. She is very pretty. By the way, who is my brother?
Timmy : Mmm thats not fair I AM your brother, of course. And whos my sister?
Jennifer: ME! And our father?
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Timmy : Our father is Jack. He is the best dad all over the word.
Jennifer: You are right. Were very lucky, we have a nice family.

IMPORTANT
Formal
grandmother

Informal
grandma

grandfather

grandpa

father

daddy / dad

mother

mom / mum

Activities
Consider the family tree above and answer the exercises:
1. Answer with T (true) or F (false) to each statement. Correct the false information.
1) ( )

Frank is Lindas husband.

2) (

Timmy is Jennifers cousin.

3) (

Frank is Walters son.

4) (

Helen is Jacks mom.

5) (

) Nancy is Franks wife.

6) (

) Jennifer and Timmy are Alans cousins.

7) (

) Linda is Jeniffers sister.

Answer Keys
1. True
2.- False (Timmy is Jennifers brother)
3.- True
4.- False (Helen is Jacks mother-in-law)
5.- False (Nancy is Franks sister)
6. True
7.- False (Linda is Jennifers aunt)

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2. Write the opposite of the following words:


a) Grandmother

____________________

b) ______________

Father

c) Sister

____________________

d) Aunt

____________________

e) _____________

Wife

f) Son

____________________

g) ______________

Brother-in-law

h) Son-in-law

____________________

i) _____________

Mother-in-law

Answer Keys
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)

Grandfather
Mother(mom)
Brother
Uncle
Husband
Daughter
Sister-in-law
Daughter-in-law
Father-in-law

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3.- Glenda is a social worker and she has to complete the information required by her boss based on this
Family Tree.
Can you help Glenda , please?

(image and exercises taken from www.myenglishpages.com/site_php/vocabulary-lesson-family.php#, U8NJwpR50E4)

..
1) Nancy is Mr Lynch's ______________________

2) Bill is Mr Lynch's ________________________

3) Mr Lynch is Nancy's and Bill's _________________________

4) Mrs Lynch is Nancy's and Bill's ____________________

5) Nancy and Bill are Mr Lynch's ____________________

6) Mr and Mrs Lynch are Nancy's _________________

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7) Nancy is Steve's ________________________

8) Steve is Nancy's ____________________

9) Nancy is Bill's _____________________

10) Bill is Nancys ____________________

11) Laura is Bill's and Barbara's _________________

12) John is Laura's ____________________

13) John is Alan's ______________________

14) Alan is Bill's _______________________

15) Lisa is Bill's ______________________

16) Lisa is Mr Lynch's _____________

17) Alan is Mr Lynch's ____________

18) Mr Lynch is Alan's ______________

19) Mr and Mrs Lynch are Alan's ______________

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20) Alan, Lisa, Laura and John are Mr Lynch's __________________

21) Mrs Lynch is Alan's ___________________

22) Barbara is Nancy's __________________

23) Steve is Bill's _____________________

24) Mr Lynch is is Steve's ___________________

25) Mrs Lynch is Steve's _____________________

26) Barbara is Mr Lynch's ___________________

27) Steve is Mr Lynch's ___________

Answer Keys
1) Daughter
2) Son
3) Father
4) Mother
5) Children
6) Parents
7) Wife
8) Husband
9) Sister
10) Brother
11) Daughter
12) Brother
13) Cousin
14) Nephew
15) Niece

16) Granddaughter
17) Grandson
18) Grandfather
19) Grandparents
20) Grandchildren
21) Grandmother
22) Sister-in-law
23) Brother-in-law
24) Father-in-law
25) Mother-in-law
26) Daughter-in-law
27) Son-in-law

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4. Aprendizaje esperado:

Describen sus rutinas diarias y actividades de tiempo libre propios y de terceros, aplicando el tiempo
verbal presente simple, generando situaciones comunicativas elementales, escritas y orales, de
manera formal e informal.

4.1 Daily routines


Our daily routines involve activities that we do every day. For example:
I get up at 6:20AM every day. I take a shower and prepare breakfast for
me and my husband. I always drink some milk and eat toast with jam,
blackberry jam is my favorite! Then I walk to the subway station and take
the train at about 7:45 A.M. I get to work at 8:15 every morning. I usually
have a cup of coffee while I check my e-mail. I have the same schedule
every single morning of the week!

When we talk about everyday situations and activities, we use the Simple Present tense. Dont
forget the basic structure:

In its affirmative form, the Simple Present tense is formed by the SUBJECT + the VERB + the
COMPLEMENT. However, when the subject is he, she or it, we have to add an s at the end
of the verb:
I play tennis on Saturdays.
Pamela plays soccer on Wednesdays.

IMPORTANT
He /She / It
Verb + s

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In its negative form, we need to use the auxiliaries DO or DOES to add the no to the
sentence. Therefore, the structure is: SUBJECT + DO / DOES NOT + VERB +
COMPLEMENT. In this case, when the subject is he, she or it, we use DOES + NOT:
My best friends DONT (do not) live in Chile.
Pamelas boyfriend DOESNT (does not) study in Valdivia.

In its interrogative form, we need to use the auxiliaries DO or DOES. The structure is: (WH-)
DO / DOES + SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT. Again, when the subject is he, she or it,
we use DOES:
DO we have English class on Mondays this semester?
DOES the class start at 8:30AM?
What DOES Beth study?

Arnold Rivera, the TV news reporter, is interviewing Mrs. Cornelia Valdergilt for the program Real
People. Pay attention to the conversation:

AR:

Well, Mrs. Vandergilt, please tell our viewers about an ordinary day in your life.

CV:

Well, I wake up at eight oclock.

AR:

Really? Do you get up then?

CV:

No, of course I dont get up at that time. I have breakfast in bed, and I read The New York
Times. I like being informed.

AR:

What time do you get up?

CV:

I get up at ten.

AR:

What do you do then?

CV:

I read my letters and dictate the answers to my secretary.

AR:

And then?

CV:

At eleven I take a walk with Jimmy.

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AR:

Jimmy? Whos Jimmy?

CV:

Jimmys my dog.

AR:

What time do you have lunch?

CV:

I have lunch at twelve-thirty. I eat alone.

AR:

Oh, I see. Well, what do you do after lunch?

CV:

I rest until six oclock.

AR:

And at six? What do you do at six?

CV:

I get dressed for dinner. I have dinner at seven oclock.

AR:

And what do you do after dinner? I guess you have many interesting things to do!

CV:

Of course! I read or watch TV. I take a bath at nine-thirty, and I go to bed at ten.

AR:

You certainly have a busy and interesting life, Mrs. Vandergilt. Thank you.

CV:

Youre welcome.

Taken from: New American Streamline book Copyright 1994 B.Hartley,P.Viney,and Oxford University Press

IMPORTANT
Some verbs with he, she or it, when we add the final s in
affirmative sentences, have a different form. Some of them
change, and others have es at the end;
*Have

has

*Wash

*Go

goes

*Study

*Teach

teaches

* Fix

washes
studies
fixes

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Activity
According to the conversation above, answer these questions with complete sentences:

1) What Time does Mrs. Vandergilt get up? _________________________________________


2) Where does she have breakfast?

_________________________________________

3) What does she read in bed?

_________________________________________

4) Who does Mrs. Vandergilt walk with?

_________________________________________

5) What time does she have dinner?

_________________________________________

6) What time does she go to bed?

_________________________________________
Answer Keys
1.- She gets up at ten.
2.- She has breakfast in bed.
3.- She reads The New York Times.
4.- She walks with Jimmy.
5.- She has dinner at seven oclock.
6.- She goes to bed at ten.

4.2 Using Time Expressions.


When we speak about our daily routines, it is necessary to use Time Expressions in order to
indicate time, day, length of time, or other time periods in which we perform these activities.
The most common expressions are:

AT

We use AT when we want to specify or clarify the TIME we do something.


I have breakfast AT nine oclock.
Camila goes to AIEP AT three oclock.
We also use AT when we mention night.
I sometimes visit my friends AT night.

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ON

We use ON when we want to specify the DAY (S) on we do something.


I go to class at six thirty PM ON Mondays.
Mary takes a taxi to work ON Fridays.
I get up very early ON weekdays, but never ON weekends.

IN
We use IN when we want to specify or clarify THE MOMENT OF THE DAY we do
something.
I prefer to study IN the morning.
Carol visits her friends IN the evenings, after school.

BEFORE / AFTER
We use BEFORE or AFTER when we want to refer to events in a
sequence with others.

I study English BEFORE going to bed. (1. I study. 2. I go to bed = sequence)


Fernando takes a shower AFTER exercising at the gym. (1. He goes to the
gym. 2. He takes a shower = sequence)

EVERY

We use EVERY when we want to emphasize that the action is repeated


constantly.
Margarita goes to the disco EVERY Saturday.
Robert studies English EVERY Monday.

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Activity
George is describing his daily routine. Complete with the correct Time Expression, accordingly.

Well, I usually get up (1) __________ seven oclock. Then I take a shower. (2)
__________ I shower, I have breakfast.
I also like to clean my bedroom (3) __________ the morning. Im very
organized.
__________ Sunday morning, I visit my friends (5). __________ saying good
bye, I usually have a delicious tea with them. 6) __________ night, I sometimes
read my favorite books but I always watch the news, I do it (7) __________ day.
(4)

(8) __________ weekdays (9) __________ the morning,

I call my friends and (10) __________ the afternoon I take


my dog for a walk. My life is exciting!

Answer Keys
1.- at

7.- every

2.- after

8- on

3.- in

9.- in

4.-on

10. in

5.- before
6.-at

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4.3 Talking about Every day Situation.


When you talk about EVERY DAY SITUATION about you or someone else, you use the Simple
Present.
Example:

(image taken from www.connections.jbhunt.com)

1.- Robert is a truck driver.


2.- He is thirty five years old.
3.- He works five days a week.
4.- He gets up at 5 0clock every day.
5.- He eats an enormous breakfast.
6.- He drinks two cups of coffee.
7.- Then he kisses his wife and says good bye.
8.- He leaves for work at six thirty.
9.- He has lunch at a hamburger place.
10. He comes home at five oclock.
11.- He has dinner and watches TV.
12.- He goes to bed at eleven 0clock.

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: Based on Roberts every day situation, Write the following peoples routine:

(image taken from www.bls.gov)

ANGELA
1.- architect

_________________________________________________

2.- 25

_________________________________________________

3.- six days a week

__________________________________________________

4.- 7:30

___________________________________________________

5.- nothing (eat)

___________________________________________________

6.- orange juice

___________________________________________________

7.- daughter (kiss)

___________________________________________________

8.- the office/ 11:00

___________________________________________________

9.- in a coffee shop (lunch)

____________________________________________________

10.- home / 7:00

____________________________________________________

11.- go out with friends

____________________________________________________

12.- midnight

____________________________________________________

Answer Keys
1.- She is an architect.
3.- She works six days a week.

2.- She is twenty five years old


4.- She gets up at seven thirty.

5.- She eats nothing.

6.- She drinks some orange juice.

7.- She kisses her daughter.

8.- She leaves for the office at eleven.

9.- She has lunch in a coffee shop. 10.- She comes home at seven oclock.
11.- She goes out with fiends .

12.- She goes to bed at midnight.

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(image taken from www.usfca.edu)

ROBERT AND FERNANDO


1.- students

________________________________________

2.- 16

________________________________________

3.- go to high school/five days a week

_________________________________________

4.- 7:00

________________________________________

5.-cereal

_________________________________________

6.- milk

_________________________________________

7.- mother

_________________________________________

8.- high school/ 8:30

_________________________________________

9.- in the cafeteria (lunch)

_________________________________________

10.- home/ 5:00

_________________________________________

11.- watch TV

_________________________________________

12.- nine oclock

_________________________________________

Answer Keys
1.- They are students.

2.-They are sixteen years old.

3.- They go to high school five days a week 4.- They get up at seven oclock
5.- They eat some cereal

6.- They drink some milk.

7.- They kiss their mother.

8.- They leave for high school at eight thirty.

9.- They have lunch in the cafeteria.

10.- They come home at five oclock.

11.- They watch T.V.

12.- They go to bed at nine oclock.

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RICHARD

1.- homemaker
2.- 32

_________________________________________________
________________________________________________

3.- not /work/5 days a week

_________________________________________________

4.- 5:30

_________________________________________________

5.- toast

_________________________________________________

6.- tea

________________________________________________

7.- wife (she goes to work)

_______________________________________________

8.- supermarket / 9:00

_______________________________________________

9.- at home

_______________________________________________

10.- wife/ comes home/5:30

________________________________________________

11.- play with their kids

________________________________________________

12.- ten thirty

________________________________________________

Answer Keys
1.- He is a homemaker.
3) He does not work five days a week

2.- he is thirty two years old-.


4.-He gets up at five thirty.

5) He eats a toast.

6.- He drinks some tea.

7.- He kisses his wife.

8.- He leaves for the supermarket at nine oclock.

9) He has lunch at home.


11) He plays with his kids

10.- His wife comes home at five thirty.


12.- he goes to bed at ten thirty

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4.3 Checking the verbs.


It is important to remember that in He / She / it , we add S/ ES/ IES , When you talk about routines in
the affirmative form.
CROSS
1) STUDY
4) WAIT
5) TAKE
6) WRITE
7) WATCH
9) COOK
10) SEE
13) WALK
15) PLAY
17) DRINK

DOWN
2) THINK
3) DRAW
8) WASH
11) EAT
12) WORK
14) PUT
16) SAY
18) RUN
19) END
20) CRY

20

16
4
5

7
19

11

10

14

12

15

13

18
17

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ADD THESE WORDS WITH S/ ES/ IES DEPENDING ON THE RULE:

KEY ANSWER
2
1

3
U

20
I

16

19

10

15

12
13

T
A

O
18

T
S

D
L

11

N
14

C
R

S
6

17

R
U

R
I

N
S

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4.3 Talking about personal activities.


When we speak about our personal activities, also we use the Simple Present.

Activity
Read this article carefully and Add the missing headline for each paragraph given in the chart.
-VIRTUAL DEMANDS

- ADMISSION

-FACE THE PROBLEM

- AM I ADDICTED?

-SYMPTOMS

- THE CONSEQUENCES

-STOP WASTING YOUR TIME

- IGNORE SMART PHONE NOTIFICATIONS

-ARE YOU AN INTERNET ADDICT?

- BE HONEST WITH YOURSELF

THINK BEFORE YOU GON ON LINE


1)
Do you stay up late at the night using the internet? Are you grumpy or anxious when you cant log
on? Do you need to use the internet to feel satisfied? If you answered yes to any of these questions,
you may be suffering from internet addiction. In recent years, the medical community all over the
world has come to slowly accept that internet use leads to addiction. And both video games and
internet addiction are now well recognized mental health disorders, says Dr Hemant Mittal, neuro
psychiatrist.
2)
The addiction is characterized by excessive use, and symptoms include changes in mood,
preoccupation, inability to control the amount of time you spend on the internet, and diminishing
social life. It leaves you with depression, obsessive compulsive disorder and anxiety. By the time a
person realizes it, its too late to get rid of the addiction. I have patients eating in front of their laptops.
In bizarre cases they have the urge to be online even in the washroom, says Seema Hingorrany, a
city-based clinical psychologist. The most important sign of addiction is that your mind is constantly
thinking about whats happening on Facebook, Twitter and this thought doesnt calm down until you
get online, adds Hemant.
3

3)

Too much surfing on the Internet or using social networking sites also means that the person is
looking for self-gratification from a virtual source, says Dr Sunita Dube, Aryan Hospital. She says that
addicts start feeling low when their posts fail to get desired number of likes or comments, or

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retweets. We all want to be appreciated. And virtual media gives us that opportunity. We have
unseen friends who like us and help boost our confidence, Sunita adds.
Seema says that people who have social phobia and low confidence are seen more online as it is an
easy way to escape face-to-face interaction. Also, people with low self-esteem, poor body image, or
untreated sexual dysfunction can get addicted for a sexual outlet, she adds.
4)
The experts say that excessive social media use can lead to attention problems, school difficulties,
sleep and eating disorders, and obesity. High preoccupation with whats happening online decreases
ability to concentrate on work and studies, leading to memory problems and decreased performance,
adds Hemant. Addicts spend more and more time online, losing on social interactions. Relationships
are affected due to this addiction. Nowadays people hardly have time for each other and Internet eats
into this time, says Sunita. Many spouses complain about their partner spending too much time
online. (Read: Addicted to Facebook?)
5)
We should be aware of these symptoms, keep track of our behaviour, thoughts and emotions. We
should think about why we use the Internet so much and try to find the real problem instead of living
in virtual world, advises Seema. Experts also suggest that one should try to spend as much time as
possible with their loved ones. Indulge in physical activities, to reduce the fear of obesity. Interaction
with family and friends can solve the problem as it cheers up a person and fights depression, says
Sunita.
6)

Changes in mood
Pre-occupation with the internet and digital media
Inability to control the amount of time spent using digital technology
The need for more time or a new game to achieve a desired mood
Withdrawal when not engaged with digital technology
Diminishing social life
Adverse work and academic consequences

Tips to beat internet addiction.


7)
Admit it. You are addicted to the net. It gives you the same rush, the same heady high of that first
cigarette of the day. Admission is the first step to rehabilitation. This applies to any kind of addiction.
8)
Your virtual life has taken over your real life. In fact, you end up thinking I need to update/upload this
on my profile. Your need to take perfect holiday pictures overrules the actual enjoyment of the
holiday. You need to focus on staying in the present.
9)

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Pause to think before you go online next time what am I looking for? Why am I here? Making a
mental note about what you plan to do once you are logged on gives you a direction to follow. Make a
physical note if you must.
What did you do online?
Reflect on what you did once you went online. Did you just view your Facebook account. Or did some
window shopping on e-commerce sites? Find out where youre wasting your time.
10)
Decide beforehand the time limit you will spend on the net. Keep it to a minimum of 20 minutes.
Twice a day should suffice.
11)
Our smart phones have literally become our third appendage. You dont have to check every single
thing out. Just shut off the notifications from time to time.
( Reading taken from www.thehealthsite.com/.../are-you-an-internet-addict)

Answer Keys
1.- Are you an internet addict?
2.- Am I addicted?
3.- Virtual demands
4.

The Consequences

5.- Face the Problems


6.- Symptoms
7.- Admission
8.- Be honest with yourself
9.- Think before you go on line
10.- Stop wasting your time.11.- Ignore smart phone notifications

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4.4 Asking for specific information using WH Questions.


When you want to get information in a conversation, it is necessary to use wh questions.

WH- QUESTION
WHAT?

USE AND
Things (concrete or abstract)

WHO?

People (plural or singular)

WHERE?

Places

WHEN?

General time

WHY?

Reason

HOW?

Manner

WHAT TIME?

Exact time

WHO .. WITH?

Identifying people

HOW OFTEN ?

Frequency of the action

EXAMPLES
WHAT do you usually do?
What does Mary eat every day?
WHO calls you every night?
WHO makes delicious donnuts?
WHERE
do
you
come
WHERE does your friend live?

from?

WHEN do you celebrate your birthday?


When does your boyfriend go to Aiep?
WHY do your sisters study Engineering?
WHY does Camila work in the clinic?
HOW do you feel today?
HOW does Marcela drive?
WHAT TIME do you get up?
WHAT TIME does Peter have lunch?
WHO do you speak WITH?
WHO does Cecilia dance WITH?
HOW OFTEN do you go to the gym?
HOW OFTEN does Mauricio call you?

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Exercise
Complete these conversations with the corresponding Wh- questions, according to the situation
given.

1)
A: __________________________?
B: I go to bed at midnight.

2)
A: __________________________?
B: Pamela works five days a week.
3)
A: ___________________________?
B: Katty dances with Willy.

4)
A: ___________________________?
B: My sisters live in Miami.

5)
A: __________________________?
B: I usually eat pizza.
6)
A: _________________________?
B: Richard celebrates his birthday in November,

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7)
A: _____________________________?
B: My mother always tells me the truth.

8)
A: _____________________________?
B: I go to the beach three times a year.

Answer Keys
1.- What time do you go to bed?
2.- How often does Pamela work?

9)

3.- Who does Katty dance with?

A: _____________________________?
B: I go to Aiep at 7:30 am-

4.- Where do your sisters live?


5.- What do you usually eat?.
6.- When does Richard celebrate his birthday?
7.- Who always tells you the truth?

10)
A: ____________________________?
B: Sharity drives very well.
11)

8.- How often do you go to the beach?


9.- What time do you go to AIEP?
10) How does Sharity drive?
11) Why do you study Health? (it may vary)
12) How often do you go to the disco?

A: ______________________________?
B: Because I like my career.
12)
A: _____________________________?
B: I go to the disco once a week.

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5. Aprendizaje esperado:
Indican las caractersticas de un vecindario y emiten sugerencias cuando son necesarias dentro del
contexto, aplicando el tiempo verbal presente simple, generando situaciones comunicativas
elementales escritas y orales, de manera formal e informa

5.1 Describing a neighborhood.


When you want to describe a neighborhood, it is useful to use two sentences, there is and there are.
There is means when something or someone exist but in a singular form.
Example: I have a bedroom in my house =
Jessica has a car in her garage =

There is a bedroom in my house


There is a car in her garage

There are means when something or someone exist but in a plural form.
Examples:
I have two bedrooms in my house:=

There are two bedrooms in my house

Jessica has two cars in her garage=

There are two cars in her garage.

Note: There is = Theres

Important: In the negative form you use:


Theres no + noun (singular)
Ex. Theres no car in my house
There are no + noun (plural)

There are no lamps in my kitchen

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Dont forget

Theres a park

Adjectives before nouns

Theres no mall

Theres a small park

There are a lot of restaurants

Theres beautiful pool

There are some outdoors stadiums

Theres a new restaurant

There are a couple of movie theaters

There are some expensive restaurants.

There are no clubs


There is = Theres

Exercise 1
Marcelo is having a nice conversation with Hellen about his neighborhood. Play Marcelos role and
answer the questions. (Look at his neighborhood)

.
Image taken from English time.bligoo.com

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.Marcelo:

This is my neighborhood. Its very pretty.

Hellen :

Yeah. How many hospitals are there in your neighborhood?

Marcelo:

(1) _____________________________________________

Hellen:

I see. Well, in my neighborhood, there are two hospitals.

Marcelo:

Good for you. Theres a police station in my neighborhood.

Hellen:

Oh really? How many police cars are there in the police station?

Marcelo:

(2)____________________________________________________

Hellen:

It sounds good to me. What about stadiums?

Marcelo:

(3)____________________________________________________

Hellen:

In my neighborhood, There are some stadiums but we are not good at sports. What
about schools? Are there schools?

Marcelo:

(4) ____________________________________________________________

Hellen:

Well, in my neighborhood is the same. What about trees?

Marcelo:

(5) _______________________________________________________

Hellen:

Good. I like trees. Well, I have to go. Thanks for your invitation. Bye

Marcelo:

Bye. See you any time.

Answer Keys
1.- There is (theres) a hospital in my neighborhood.
2.- There are two police cars in the police station.
There are a couple of police cars in the police station.
3.- There are no stadiums in my neighborhood.
4.- There is a school in my neighborhood.
5.- There are a lot of trees in my neighborhood.
There are thirteen trees in my neighborhood.

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Exercise 2
Brenda is talking about her bedroom.. Read the text carefully and answer the questions.

My bedroom

This is my bedroom. It is small and light. I clean my room every day.


There are two windows in my bedroom. There is a computer on the desk. Theres a bookcase next to
the desk.
There are some books in the bookcase and there are a couple of cds.
My bed is near the bed side table. There is a shelf with a TV set in front of my bed. Also, there is a
clock on the wall. It wakes me up every morning. I really like the nature so there are many paintings
on the wall in my room. Theres no telephone in my room. There are no curtains in my room;
Anyway, I like my bedroom.

Questions:
1) What is Brendas bedroom like?
2) How often does she clean her room?
3) How many windows are there in her bedroom?
4) Where is the bed?
5) Is there a telephone in her bedroom?
6) Are there curtains in her room?
7) Are there cds in her room?
8) Does she like her bedroom?
9) Do you like your bedroom?

Answer Keys
1.- it is small and light.
2.- She cleans her bedroom every day.
3.- There are two windows.
4.- It is near the bed side table.
5.- No, There is no telephone in her room.
6.- No, There are no curtains in her bedroom.
7. Yes, There are a couple of cds in her bedroom.
8.- Yes , She does. /Yes, She likes her bedroom.
9.- Yes. I do / No, I dont.

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5.2 Describing the frequency of the actions or activities.


When we want to talk about the frequency with which we do something- sports, hobbies, chores, fun
activities, we can use adverbs or expressions of frequency.

The Adverbs of Frequency are words that describe frequency in a general way. They are divided into
two categories.

a) The adverbs placed before the verb. They are:

Adverbs of Frequency

Examples

100%

Always

I always study English in Aiep

90%

Usually

Lorena usually eats pizza.

80%

Normally/ Generally

Mario normally calls his girlfriend.

70%

Often/ frequently

My mom often makes cakes.

50%

Sometimes

I sometimes read an interesting book

30%

Occasionally

Ruben occasionally rides a bike

10%

Seldom

Camila seldom travels to Iquique.

5%

Hardly ever/ Rarely

I hardly ever eat cauliflowers.

0%

Never

My dad never gives me money.

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b) The adverbs placed at the end of the sentence. Here we show some of them.
Adverbs of Frequency

Examples

Every day

I get up early every day.

Every week

Catalina goes to the fish market every week

Every month

My uncle goes shopping every month.

Every year

We celebrate Christmas every year.

Once a day

I drink milk once a day

Twice a week

Gabriel goes to the gym twice a week.

Three times a month

Robert eats sushi three times a month

Four times a year

My boss travels to Miami four times a year

Five times a day

My sister visits her friends four times a day.

Important:
Sometimes can be placed before the verb or at
the end of the sentence.
Example: Sometimes I go to the cinema
My mom sometimes makes pies.

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6.- Aprendizaje esperado:


Preguntan e indican la hora utilizando diversas expresiones de tiempo, aplicando el tiempo verbal
presente simple, generando situaciones comunicativas elementales, escritas y orales, de manera
formal e informal.

6.1 Telling the time.


It is very important to tell and to know the time since through this, we can organize our life better,
such as: make appointments, study, rest, eat, etc on the contrary, it would be a big disorder.
Remember

am

pm

(image taken from followupsuccess.com)

(image taken from.background.pictures.picphotos .net)

It is seven oclock IN THE MORNING

pm
(image taken from www.wisegeek.com)

It is eight oclock IN THE EVENING

It is five oclock IN THE AFTERNOON

pm
(image taken from riddlefamiliyinitiaally.typepad.com)

It is eleven oclock AT NIGHT

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am
(image taken from footage,shutterstock.com)

pm
(image taken from footage,shutterstock.com

It is MIDNIGHT

Its twelve oclock

It is twelve oclock AT NIGHT

It is NOON

(image taken from englishhe)

(image taken from quiz.bi )

It is eight five

Its seven fifteen

It is five (minutes) after eight

Its a quarter after seven

(image taken from funenglishch.de)

(image taken from platy.google.com)

Its two thirty

Its eleven forty one

Its a half after two.

Its nineteen to twelve

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IMPORTANT
a.m. = Before 12 noon
p.m. = After 12 noon
(image taken from colleges.ac.rouen.fr)

Its twelve forty five


Its a quarter to one

Exercise
Look at the Television Schedule and answer the questions.
Channel 7:00

7:30

8:00

8:30

9:00

9:30

SWM

60
60
60
The
The
A Short
minutes minutes minutes Flinstones Flinstones Comedy

TOT

Sports

Sports

Talent
Show

MNY

QRE

PMT

FRV

Films

10:00

10:45

11.00

12:00

A short Cooking Cooking


with
Comedy with
Pamela Pamela

Talent
Show

Soap

Soap

Soap

Opera

Opera

Opera

Films

Films

News

News

Concert

Concert

News

Special

Special

Sports

Report

Report

The

Concert

Reality

Reality

Show

show

Soccer

Soccer

Tom

Tom

Religious

Religious The

Match

Match

And

And

Program

Program

Weather Weather

Jerry

Jerry

Sunday Sunday Sunday Salsa

Salsa

Health

Health

Mass

Mass

Mass

Contest

Contest

Program

Talk

Talk

Tennis

Tennis

Famous

Show

Show

Match

Match

actors

Music

Music

Music

Program Videos

Videos

Videos

Famous

Lazy

Lazy

Top

Top

actors

Town

Town

cats

Cats

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Answer the questions about the television schedule:


1) What time does The Talk Show start on FRV Channel?
2) What time does The Music Videos finish on PMT Channel?
3) Does The Tennis Match start at nine 0clock on FRV channel?
4) What time does Cooking with Pamela start on SWM channel?
5) What time does The Short Comedy start on SWM channel?
6) What time does The Weather start on QRE?
7) What time does 60 Minutes finish on SWM?
8) What time does The Concert start on QRE?

Answer Keys
1.- it starts at seven 0clock in FVR channel.
2.- It finishes at Twelve oclock in PMT channel.
3.- No, it doesnt. It starts at eight oclock.
4.- It starts at ten forty five. (It starts at a quarter to eleven)
5.- It starts at nine thirty. (its a half after nine) in SWM
6.- It starts at ten 0clock in QRE.
7.- It finishes at eight oclock in SWM.
8.- It starts at eleven oclock in QRE.

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7. Aprendizaje esperado:
Describen actividades que se estn desarrollando en el momento y el entono en que se
contextualizan, aplicando el tiempo presente continuo y presente simple. Generando situaciones
comunicativas, escrita y orales, de manera formal e informal.

7.1 When we talk about actions or activities performed at the moment, that is, now, it is necessary to
get familiar with Present Continuous. The period of time can be:
a) Short and momentary: Example:

Pamela is studying now. Dont bother me.

b) longer

Pamela is studying Graphics Design at Aiep this semester.

: Example:

Dont forget that


The Present Continuous is formed by
The subject + to be verb+ action verb+ ing
I am watching TV now.
George is taking the bus now.

Dont forget the Time Expressions used in


Present Continuous. They are:
Right now
Today
This morning / week/ month/year/semester/
This season / these days/ now

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Lets remember how to use Present Continuous in different forms: Affirmative, Negative and interrogative.

AFFIRMATIVE

NEGATIVE

INTERROGATIVE

I am eating pizza now

Robert is not looking for a job

Are you speaking English now?

My mom is cooking now.

Camila and Peter are not reading a


book.

What are you doing now?

We are playing tennis now.

I am not working this week.

Is your sister singing in the festival?

Exercise
Look at the chart where there are some people doing different activities now. Answer the questions given
below.

MARGARITA
(image taken from downloadclipart,com)

ROBERT
AND
CAMILA
(Image taken from www.wikihow.com)

DAVID
(Image taken from www.aubum.com)

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ROMINA

(Image taken from www.shutter.com)

HILLARY

(Imagine taken from www.acclaimpartt.com)

RODRIGO, GEORGE
AND ERIKA
(image taken from www.picturesof.net.com)

DORIS AND
RODRIGO

( image taken from drlorraine,net)

Questions:
1) What is Margarita doing?

Answer Keys

2) What are Robert and Camila doing?

1.- She is playing football.

3) What is David doing?

2.- They are dancing.

4) What is Romina doing?

3.- He is reading a book.


4.- She is riding a horse.

5) What is Hillary doing?

5.- She is swimming.

6) What are Rodrigo, George and Erika doing?

6.- They are singing.

7) What are Doris and Rodrigo doing?

7. They are watching TV.

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7.2 Describing the different types of presents used in different situations


.

Temporary Situations:
When we describe activities that last a short and specific period of time, we use the Present
Continuous Tense.
The only way in which we can identify and describe these situations is through Time Expressions.

Example:
Robert is selling pizza this week. (You can understand thats a specific and a short period of time).
Example:
Pamela is not going to Aiep this weekend.

Every day Situations


When we perform activities that we do every day (like routines and habits), we use The Present
Simple Tense. It is also applicable to facts.
Again , we can identify and describe these situations is through Time Expressions and Adverbs of
Frequency.
Example:
Manuel goes to the disco every Saturday. ( It means that Manuel goes not only one Saturday but
every Saturday like a routine)
Example:
My mom always makes doughnuts for tea. ( It means that my mom not only makes doughnuts once
but all the time).

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Exercise: Complete these conversations using the Present Simple Tense or the Present Continuous.

1.A:

Is anyone in your family looking for a job?

B:
Yes, my brother is. He __________(work) part time in a restaurant now , but he
_________________ (look) for a job in a theater company. He ____________ (love) acting.

2.A.:

What is your sister doing now these days?

B:

She _______________(go) to Aiep Institute this semester. She ____________(like) it a lot.


She _______________(study) Construction.

3.A:

Where do your parents live?

B:

They ______________(live) in Minnesota most of the time, but they ____________(stay) in


South Dakota this summer. They _____________(have) a house there.-

4.A:

What is Melissa studying this semester?

B:

Well, She _________________ (study) Graphics Design now but she ____________(think))
to study another career when she _____________(finish).

Answer Keys
1.- He is working/ He is looking for / He loves
2.- She is going to ./ She likes / She is studying..
3.- They live / they are staying / They have
4.- She is studying / She thinks/ She finishes.

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8.- Aprendizaje esperado:


Intercambian informacin relacionadas con prendas de vestir y sus precios dentro de un contexto de
una tienda, aplicando el tiempo verbal presente simple, generando situaciones comunicativas
elementales , escritas y orales, de manera formal e informal.

8.-1 Talking about clothes.


It is important to know the names of the clothes so you can buy or get dressed properly according to formal
and information situation.

Exercise: Label the clothing and personal items in these pictures.


Mans clothes

1
2
3
4
5
6

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Womans clothes

A
B

C
D
E
F
G

Answer Keys
Mans clothes

Womans clothes

1.- Glasses

a) A hat

2.- A shirt

b) An earring / earrings

3.- A tie

c) A necklace

4.- A watch

d) A blouse

5.- A belt

e) A bracelet

6.- Pants

f) A purse

7.- Shoes

g) A skirt
h) High heels

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8.2 Talking about colors.


It is useful to know the colors since it allows you to choose the clothes and accessories better.

White black

red

blue

brown green

yellow gray

Pink

orange purple

beige

Exercise
Color the Mans clothes following the instructions given below.
1) Black glasses
2) A yellow shirt
3) A red tie
4) A green watch
5) A purple belt
6) Blue pants
7) Orange shoes

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Exercise
Color the Womans clothes following the instructions given below.

1) A blue hat.
2) Yellow earrings.
3) A green blouse
4) A green watch
5) An orange purse
6) A red skirt
7) Purple high heels
8) A light blue bracelet
9) A pink necklace

Solution

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Exercise
Read carefully and answer the questions.

The Fashion Show

And now ladies and gentlemen, here is Camila. Camilas wearing a white blouse and a black skirt.
Its made of wool. She is wearing orange shoes, silver earrings and and she is carrying an elegant
purse. Also she has a golden necklace around her neck. Thank you Camila.
Now, heres Jim. Hes wearing dark blue pants and a brown sport coat. He is wearing a pink shirt
and a yellow striped tie. Thank you Jim.
Finally , heres Margaret. She is wearing a big hat, golden earrings, sunglasses, a white blouse, a
beige skirt and purple high heels. Thank you Margaret.
Thank you all of you for coming to this first fashion show.

Questions:
1) Is Jim wearing brown pants?
2) Who is carrying an elegant purse?
3) What color is Camilas skirt?
4) Is Margaret wearing a small hat?
5) Who has a golden necklace around her neck?
6) What is Camilas skirt made of?

Answer Keys
1.- No, he is wearing dark blue pants2.- Camila is carrying an elegant purse.

7) Who is wearing purple high heels?

3.- Camilas skirt is black (it is black)

8) Is Jim wearing a sport coat?

4.-No, She is wearing a big hat.

9) Do you like fashion shows?

5.- Camila has a golden necklace around her neck.


6.- it is made of wool.
7.- Margaret is wearing high heels8.- yes, He is wearing a brown coat9.- Yes, I do. (No , I dont)

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8.3 Talking about prices.


When you go shopping and we want to know the price of a product, we have to make the
difference between products that are grammatically singular, and those that are grammatically
plural.

Singular nouns, we ask for prices as follow:

Customer:

Good Morning, Madam. HOW MUCH IS the sweater?

Salesclerk:

ITS twenty dollars.

(image taken from www.gettyimagines.com)

Plural nouns, we use the following question:

Customer:

Excuse me Sir, HOW MUCH are the pants over there?

Salesclerk:

They re fifty dollars and sixty cents.

8.4 Talking about closeness.


When we go shopping and we want to ask for a product that is close to you, that is, in the shop
window, inside a cabinet or behind a counter, we can use demonstratives.
If the product is close to you, you can use THIS for singular and THESE for plural.
Example:
Angelica:

I really like THIS cap. What do you think?

Leticia :

Its very nice. It looks good on you.

(image taken from www.amazon,com)

(Angelica is talking about one piece of clothing close to her. She can see it and touch it).

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Example:

(image taken from www.dailymail.co.uk).

Robert:

How much are THESE t-shirts?

Salesclerk:

Theyre 10 dollars each.

(Robert is asking about two pieces of clothing and they are close to him. In fact, he is holding two
t-shirts)

Example:

( image taken from www.totalmarketexposure,com)

Katty:

Wow! Look at THAT dress. It is very stylish.

Valentine:

Yeath. It is nice.

(Katty is referring to one dress that is behind the shop window, that is, it is not close to her as the
previous example above)

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Example:

(image taken from www.techeblog.com)

David:

Look at THOSE doors. They are very nice for my house.

Marcelo:

You are right. How much are they?

( David is referring to doors behind the shop window, that is, not close to him as the previous
example) .

Dont forget:
Condition

Singular

Plural

Close

This

These

Not close

That

Those

Is

are

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8.5 Saying prices.


When you go shopping, it is important to hear carefully when a salesperson say a price of an item.
The idea is to pay what the item is worth, and not to pay for extra money.
Practice this Dialog with your partner.
Salesperson:

Hello. Can I help you?

You:

Uh. Hi. How much are those socks?

Salesperson:

These? They are very popular. Theyre $70.

You:

Okay. And what about the blue cap? How much is that?

Salesperson:

This cap is on sale. Its only $2.99

You:

$2.99? It is very cheap. Give me one please.

Salesperson:

Okay. Here it is.

Saying prices:
$3.99 = Three dollars and ninety nine
cents or Three ninety-nine.
$135 = A hundred and thirty -five (dollars).
$575 = Five hundred and seventy five (dollars)

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9.- Aprendizaje esperado:


Entregan informacin bsica sobre diversos pases, sus idiomas y nacionalidades, aplicando el
tiempo verbal presente simple, generando situaciones comunicativas elementales, escritas y orales,
de manera formal e informal.

9.1 Talking about countries and nationalities

Activity
Look at the Map and complete the exercises given below.

1) Shes from New York.


SheAmerican.

5)
6)

2) Theyre from Paris.


Theyre French.

3) Hes from London


Hes English

4.- ..
. Chinese

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6) .
5) .

Australian

.. Russian

Answer Keys
4.- He is from Tokyo / He
Chinese

is

5.- They are from Moscow./ They


are Russian.
6.- He is from Canberra. He is
Australian

Remember:
COUNTRY

NATIONALITY

LANGUAGE

ARGENTINA

ARGENTINIAN

SPANISH

AUSTRALIA

AUSTRALIAN

ENGLISH

BOLIVIA

BOLIVIAN

SPANISH

BRAZIL

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

CANADA

CANADIAN

ENGLISH/ FRENCH

CHILE

CHILEAN

SPANISH

CHINA

CHINESE

CHINESE

COLOMBIA

COLOMBIAN

SPANISH

COSTA RICA

COSTA RICAN

SPANISH

ECUADOR

ECUADORIAN

SPANISH

EGYPT

EGYPTIAN

EGYPTIAN

FRANCE

FRENCH

FRENCH

GERMANY

GERMAN

GERMAN

GREAT BRITAIN

BRITISH

ENGLISH

GREECE

GREEK

GREEK

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GUATEMALA

GUATEMALAN

SPANISH

ITALY

ITALIAN

ITALAIAN

JAPAN

JAPANESE

JAPANESE

THE UNITED STATES

AMERICAN

ENGLISH

MEXICO

MEXICAN

SPANISH

PERU

PERUVIAN

SPANISH

POLAND

POLISH

POLISH

PORTUGAL

PORTUGUESE

PORTUGUESE

RUSSIA

RUSSIAN

RUSSIAN

SPAIN

SPANISH

SPANISH

TURKEY

TURKISH

TURKISH

Exercise: Look at the flag and complete the following chart.


FLAG

COUNTRY

NATIONALIY

LANGUAGE

WWW.VECTOPORTAL.COM

www.openspacesfengshui.com

www.xero.com

WWW.VERYCON.COM

WWW.FOOTAGE.SHUTTERSTOCK

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www.exchange.smarttech.com)

www.enwikipidia.org

www.photo-dictionary.com

Answer Keys

BRAZIL
U.S.A
CANADA
CHILE
ARGENTINA
FRANCE
SPAIN
ITALY

BRAZILIAN
AMERICAN
CANADIAN
CHILEAN
ARGENTINAIN
FRENCH
SPANISH
ITALIAN

PORTUGUESE
ENGLISH
ENGLISH/FRENCH
SPANISH
SPANISH
FRENCH
SPANISH
ITALIAN

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A DIALOGUE
This is a dialog between a Tour Guide and a foreigner who has come to Antofagasta, Chile for the
first time.
TOUR GUIDE:

Hello, I am Pedro Garca. Are you here for the first time?

FOREIGNER:

Hello, Im Tanaka from Japan. This is my first visit to Chile.

TOUR GUIDE

Can I help you?

FOREIGNER:

Yes, at first I want to go to La Portada, the most beautiful natural


monument in the North of Chile. And then to other beautiful places.
Can you guide me?

TOUR GUIDE:

Of course. How do you like to go , by bus, by car or by taxi?

FOREIGNER:

Id like to go there by bus.

TOUR GUIDE

OK. Ill make arrangements to go there. By the way, where are you going
to stay tonight?

FOREIGNER:

Oh, I want to stay in a good hotel here in Antofagasta.

TOUR GUIDE:

Here are the addresses of some hotels in this city.

FOREIGNER:

Thank you very much.

Answer the following questions:


1)

What is the tour guides last name?

2)

Is Tanaka Japanese?

3)

What does Tanaka want to visit?

4)

What is La Portada?

5)

How does he go there?

6)

Is this his second time in Chile?

7)

Where does he want to rest?

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Answer Keys
1.- His last name is Garca
2.- Yes, He is Japanese.
3.- He wants to visit La Portada.
4.- It is the most beautiful natural monument.
5.- He goes there by bus.
6.- No, it is his first time7.- He wants to rest in a good hotel in Antofagasta.

9.2 Taking about foreign food.


When you get tired of eating the same food, it would be a good idea to try foreign food, that is,
international food.

Exercise
Mach the flags with the correspondent ingredients.

FLAGS

INGREDIENTS

A.- _____The United States of Americas flag


made from hot dogs, ketchup and
mustard or cheese.
1.B.- ______Spains flag made from chorizo and
rice.

2.-

C.-______ Brazils flag made from banana leaf,


Limes, pineapple and passion fruit.
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D.- ______ Australias flag made from meat pie


and sauce.
4.-

E.- _______ United kingdoms flag made from


scone, cream and jams.

5.Images taken from www.visualnews.com/2013/08/27/nationalflag.created.food-country-commonly-associated/

Answer Keys
1
2
3
4
5

C
D
B
E
A

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9.3 Talking about interesting places in a city or country.


When you are in another city or country, it is necessary to ask for information about it or if it
is a good idea to go, because some places can be dangerous for tourists. This is why it is important
to remember the following modal.
REMEMBER:
Interrogative

I
YOU
HE
Can

go to Arica

SHE
IT
WE
YOU
THEY

AFFIRMATIVE

NEGATIVE

YOU

YOU

HE

HE

SHE

CAN go to Arica.

SHE

IT

IT

CAN NOT go to Arica.

WE

WE

CANT

YOU

YOU

THEY

THEY

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We use CAN in the following situations:


a)

Ability
Example: Peter can play the piano very well.

b)

Permission
Example: Jim, Can I use your PC for a while?

c)

Request
Example: Can you please write it for me?

d)

Ask for a suggestion


Example: Can I visit New York at night?

Exercise
What can you do in New York city? Match the questions and answers them. Then
practice with a partner.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1.- What historic neighborhoods can you see ? (

2.- Can you take a walking tour? (

b) You can walk around Greenwich.

3.- What historic sites can you visit? I mean , can you go
to a castle? ( )
4.- What can you do on a rainy day? (

a) Yes, you can . You can go to the top of the


Empire State Building.

5.- What kinds of museums can you go to ? (


6.- Where can you get a good view of the city?
I mean, can you go to the top of a tall building? (

C) Yes, and you can take a bus tour, too.

d) Well, you can go to an art museum or to


the Museum of Natural History
)

e) You can go shopping or go to a museum


)

f) No, you cant. There are no real castles in


New York.

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Answer Keys
1.- ( B)
2.- ( C)
3.-

(F)

4.- ( E)
5.- ( D)
6.- (A)

DIALOGUE
Read this dialog and answer the questions.
MY DAD CAN DO EVERYTHING

Sally:

My dads really wonderful. Hes big and strong and handsome.

Annie:

Really? Well, my dad can do everything.

Sally:

Can he? What?

Annie:

Hes really smart. He can speak a hundred languages.

Sally:

A hundred! What languages can he speak?

Annie:

Well, he can speak Spanish, Italian, French, German, Japanese, Arabic,


and, uh, a lot more.

Sally:

Well, my dad is very athletic.

Annie:

Athletic?

Sally:

Uh-huh. He can swim, ski, and play football, tennis and baseball.

Annie:

Oh, well, can your dad cook?

Sally:

Cook? No, he cant.

Annie:

My dad is a wonderful cook.

Sally:

Really?

Annie:

Yes, and he can paint and play the piano, too.

Sally:

she Oh. My dad cant do that. But my mom is beautiful and smart and can
.
( dialog taken from New American Streamline Bernard Hartley and Peter Vieny)

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Questions:
1) Is Sallys father big?
2) Is he ugly?
3) Can he play football?
4) Can he play the piano?
5) Can he ski?
6) Can he cook?
7) Is Annies father athletic?
8) Is he smart?
9) Can he speak Arabic?
10) Can he play tennis?
11) Can he paint?
12) Is Sallys mother smart?

Answer Keys
1.- Yes, he is big.
2.- No, he is handsome.
3.- Yes, he can play football.
4.-No, he cant.
5.- Yes, he can.
6.- No, he cant.
7.- No , he is not.
8.- Yes, he is.
9.- Yes, he can.
10. No, he cant.
11. Yes, he can paint.
12.- Yes, she is.

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10.- Aprendizaje esperado:


Producen situaciones comunicativas escritas y orales para describir actividades realizadas en el
pasado reciente, aplicando el tiempo verbal pasado simple.

10.1 Talking about past events


When you perform an action that already happened, you are talking about past tense. So it is
important to know this structure.

Remember :

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I danced salsa last night.

I did not dance salsa last night.

Did I dance salsa last night?

didnt
Pamela bought a car yesterday.

Pamela did not buy a car yesterday

Did Pamela buy a car yesterday?

didnt
George played tennis last week.

George did not play tennis last week Did George play tennis last
week?
didnt

Camila got up very early.

Camila did not get up early.

Did Camila get up early?

didnt

Examples:
1)
A:

Did you watch tv last night, David?

B:

No, I didnt. I went to bed early.

2)
A:

Did your mother cook chicken last Sunday?

B:

Yes, she did. She took one hour to prepare it.

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10.2 Classifying the verbs.


When we want to talk in action already happened, it is necessary to make the distinction between
regular and irregular verbs. They follow the same rules in affirmative, negative and interrogative
sentences, but they change differently from present to past form.
a) Regular
Verbs
b) Irregular

a)

Regular verbs: They are called regular because these verbs dont change
from the present to the past form. When we change a regular verb into its past
form, we just
add ED at the end of the word.
Examples:
I danced pop music last Saturday.

(play -

played)

Richard worked very hard last night.

(work -

worked)

We lived there for two years.

(live

lived )

CAREFUL! With most verbs, we just add- ED . However,


there are some rules we need
To follow carefully when we change some verbs:

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Verbs ending in ..

e
Consonant + Y

How to make the simple past

Examples

Add- D

live
dance
move
try
study
cry

Change y to i, then add-ED

One vowel + one consonant


(but NOT w or y)

Double the consonant, the


add-ED

Anything else including w

Add ED

b)

lived
danced
moved
tried
studied
cried

stop
commit
plug

stopped
committed
plugged

boil
play
call
show

boiled
played
called
showed

Irregular verbs: They are called irregular because these verbs change

considerably from the present to the past form.


Examples:
I went to Aiep yesterday.

(go

went )

My mom bought a delicious cake.

(buy

bought)

Camila wrote a poem for me.

(write -

wrote )

My dad sold his old car last month.

( sell

sold

Peter swam very far from the beach.

(swim -

swam )

You took the bus very early this morning.

(take -

took

Sarah made delicious doughnuts last Sunday.

(make -

made )

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Time expressions used in Past tense:


-

Yesterday

Last night

Last year / month/ summer/ Monday/


weekend / Sunday / etc

Five minutes ago

Ten years ago

Five seconds ago, etc

In 2013

10.3 Asking for information about past event.


We can ask for specific information about past events, using the WH questions we have seen in
previous lessons. The structure is the same as interrogative sentences.

WH- QUESTION

Ask the question

WHAT?

What DID you do yesterday?

WHO?

Who DID you dance with?

WHERE?
WHEN?

Where DID Ann go last night?


When DID Tom celebrate his
birthday?

Answer the question


I STUDIED English very hard.
I DANCED with my boyfriend.
She WENT to the disco last night.
He CELEBRATED his birthday in
December,

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WHY?

Why DID you study in Aiep?

Because I LIKED my career.

HOW?

How DID Valentina drive?

She DROVE carefully.

WHAT TIME?

What time DID you get up?

I GOT UP at nine oclock.

Dont forget that .


In Simple Past, when we use the auxiliary DID
in questions or negative form, the verb
remains in its present form.
DID you GO bowling?
I did not DRINK juice last night.
Didnt

Exercise
Read Ashley s journal. Then answer the questions.

Monday

( image taken fromascambells.blogspot.com)

I started my new job at the design company. I like it a lot. I met Brad after work.
He wants to go out for dinner on Wednesday, but I already made dinner plans with
some people from work and I really want to go . Anyway, Brad never pays!
Tuesday
Brad called me three times at work, I turned off my cell phone in the end! I met
Rachel for lunch. She works in another department. Shes funny. We laughed a lot.

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Thursday
I had a really busy day! I went to a big meeting, and it went all day. I came home late. I
called Brad before I went to bed, but he didnt answer. Im sure hes mad at me.
Friday
I had a great day. We finished work early. (My new boss is nice!). Then I met Brad for
dinner in the evening . We argued about Wednesday the night I went out with
friends

from work. I dont think I want a boyfriend right now.

Saturday
Actually, I am writing this on Sunday morning! I felt too tired when I came home last
night. I went to a party, and I met some really fun people. A guy called Jos wanted
me my phone number.

I hope he calls!
(reading taken from touchstone students book 1 www.cambridge.org)

Questions:
1) Where did Ashley start her new job?
2) Who did She meet after work?
3) When did Ashley make dinner plans with some people from work?
4) Who called her three times at work?
5) What did she do in the end?
6) Who laughed a lot?
7) When did she go to a big meeting?
8) Who did Ashley call before going to bed?
9) When did she have a great day?
10) Is her boss very nice?

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11) Did Ashley and Brad argue about Monday?


12) Did She go to a party Saturday night?
13) Who wanted Ashleys phone number?
Answer Keys
1.- She started her new job at the design company.
2.- She met Brad after work.
3.- She made dinner plans on Wednesday.
4.-Brad called her three times at work.
5.- She turned off her cell phone.
6.- Brad and Rachel laughed a lot.
7.- She went to a big meeting on Thursday.
8.- She called Brad before going to bed.
9.- She had a great day on Friday.
10. Yes, her boss is very nice.
11. No, they didnt. They argued about Wednesday.
12.- Yes, she did13.- Jos wanted Ashleys phone number.

Exercise
Look at the chart where some people did different activities in the past.. Answer the questions:

Jason

(image taken from www.codigovenezuela)

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Mary and Camilo


(image taken from clinicafq.ceprep.blogspot.com)

Robert, David and Porcel


(image taken from www.plusesmaa.com)

Diana and Manuel

( image taken from crecejoven.com)

Angelica

(image taken from estilofemenino.com)

Ruben

(image taken from elcuerpohumano.net16.net)

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Sharity

(image taken from galen.com)

Adam

(image taken from www.encuentos.com)

Danae

(image taken from cuedafacil.blogspot.com)

Questions:
1)

What did Jason do last night?

2)

What did Mary and Camilo do last year?

3)

What did Robert, David and Porcel play last Saturday?

4)

What did Diana and Manuel do last Friday?

5)

What did Angelica do last festival?

6)

What did Ruben do after lunch?

7)

What did Sharity do very early?

8)

What did Adam do in his free time?

9)

What musical instrument did Danae play last night?

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Answer Keys
1.- He ate pizza last night.
2.- They flew by airplane.
3.- They played football..
4. They danced last Friday.
5.- She sang last festival.
6.- He slept after lunch.
7.- She got up very eartly.
8.- He rode a bike.
9.- She played the guitar.

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11.- Aprendizaje esperado:


Describen experiencias personales ocurridas en el pasado, aplicando el tiempo verbal pasado
simple, generando situaciones comunicativas elementales escritas y orales.

11.1 Exchanging Personal Information with TO Be in Past tense.


If you want to get information from a person about his/her past , it is necessary to remind the way
this structure works. The verb TO BE is an irregular verb; that means that it changes in its past form
and we use one or the other depending on the subject of our sentence.
Remember:
Interrogative form
I
WAS

YOU
HE

SHE

WERE

WE

THEY

IT
Affirmative form
I

YOU

HE
SHE

WAS

IT

WE

WERE

THEY

Negative form
I
HE
SHE
IT

YOU
WAS NOT
WASNT

WE
THEY
THEY

WERE NOT
WERENT

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Examples:
AFFIRMATIVE

NEGATIVE

INTERROGATIVE

I WAS at home yesterday

I WAS NOT at home yesterday.


WASNT

WAS I at home yesterday?

You WERE a good doctor.

You WERE NOT a good doctor.


WERENT

Were you a good doctor?

My mom WAS tired.

My mom WAS NOT


WASNT

WAS my mom tired?

1)
Jason:

Margaret, were you a good student in AIEP?

Margaret:

Yes, I was. I studied very hard.

2)
Robert:

Jason, Where were you yesterday?

Jason:

I was at home. I did not go out.

3)
Catalina:

Martha, Who was your first teacher of English?

Martha:

I dont remember. I think Rodrigo was.

4)
Sarah :

Valentina, Were you at the bank yesterday?

Valentina:

No, I was not. I was at the supermarket.

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In the Prison.

Exercise
Read this dialog and Practice with your partner.
Detective:

Let me see. Jack, Where were you yesterday?

Jack:

Yesterday? I dont remember.

Detective:

Where were you at six oclock?

Jack:

I was at home.

Detective:

no, you werent

Jack:

Yes, I was.

Detective:

Where you were on January 12th?

Jack:

I dont want to answer it.

Detective:

I am getting mad. Where were you on January 12th?

Jack:

now I remember. I was in a bank.

Detective:

Who were you with?

Jack:

I was with Felipe.

Detective:

What were you doing in the bank?

Jack:

We were in a bank robbery.

Detective.

How long were you in the prison?

Jack:

I was five years and Felipe was three years.

Detective:

Oh. I see.

(homelawanimations.deviantart.com)

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11.2 Talking about past experiences.


It is very nice to remember your childhood, youth , an anecdote or a funny story or an
experience happened in the past.

Exercise

Read this letter and answer the questions given below.

Letters from

our readers.

Last week we asked you to send in stories about an unforgettable experience. Reader
Alexa Astor wins a weekend for two at the Sun Valley Spa for this letter.

(image taken from es.fotolia.com)

Dear City Life:


A funny thing happened to me last Saturday afternoon. I went to the mall to meet my
friend Sammy. I was a bit early, so I decided to have a snack and a drink.
I went to a new caf called The Metro. It was a little expensive, so I just got a soda. It was
really crowded , but I found a table and sat down.
Then a guy came over and said: Is this seat free? He was gorgeous, so I said. Sure.
Anyway, he had a cup of coffee and a sandwich. He drank the coffee and ate half of the
sandwich , and then he left. I was hungry, so I ate the other half.
Then a few minutes later, he came back!. He was on his cell phone, so I didnt explain
about the sandwich. I just left, I was embarrassed!.
But things got worse. I met my friend Sammy about 15 minutes later, and she said: Lets
go and meet my cousin Josh. He just called me from The Metro Caf.
And , yes, it was the same guy!

(reading taken from Touchstone 1 students book www.cambridge.org)

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Questions:
1) What happened to Alexa Astor last Saturday afternoon?
2) Where did She go?
3) Who was she supposed to meet?
4) What did Alexa decide to have?
5) Did she go to an old Caf?
6) What was the Caf called?
7) Was The Metro cheap?
8) What did she get there?
9) Was the The Metro crowded?
10) What did she find in the Caf?
11) Who came over?
12) What did the guy have?
13) What did the guy drink?
14) What did the guy eat?
15) What did the guy do after eating the half of the sandwich?
16) Who ate the other half of the sandwich?
17) What happened a few minutes later?
18) Did Alexa explain about the sandwich?
19) Was she embarrased?
20) Who did Alexa meet 15 minutes later?
21) Where did Alexa and Sammny go?
22) Who did Alexa see?
23) What was his name?

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Answer Keys
1.- A funny thing happened to her last Saturday
afternoon.
2.- She went to the mall.
3.- She was supposed to meet her friend Sammy.
4. She decided to have a snack and a drink.
5.- No, she went to a new Caf,
6.- The Caf was called The Metro
7.- No.The Metro was expensive.
8.- She just got a soda.
9.- Yes, it was crowded.
10.- She found a table.
11.- A guy came over.
12.- He had a cup of coffee and a sandwich.
13.-He drank the coffee.
14.- He ate a half of the sandwich.
15.- he left.
16.- Alexa ate the other half of the sandwich.
17..- He came back.
18.- No, she didnt explain about the sandwich.
19.- Yes, she was emabarrased.
20.- She met Sammy.
21.- They went to the Caf.
22.- She saw the same guy.
23.-His name was Josh.

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11.3 Using expressions with GO (WENT) and GET (GOT).


There are some useful sentences where you can use GO or GET depending on what you
want to express. This is why it is important to study them and how we use in past tense.

(image taken from www.fishingbasque.blogspot.com)

Hiking
shopping
GO

snorkeling
Bowling
Fishing

Examples:
A:

Where did you go last summer?

B:

I went fishing. I caught five fish.

A:

Pamela, What did you do last Sunday?

B:

I went hiking. I was very tired.

A:

Marcela, You look very nice with that new jacket! When did you go shopping?

B:

Thanks. I went shopping last night. It was crowded.


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A:

Charles, where did you go snorkeling?

B:

I went snorkeling in La Portada. The reef was fantastic.

A:

Peter, What did you do last Friday?

B:

I went bowling. I had a very good result. I was the winner.

(image taken from www.psicologia-onlien.com)

SCARED
ALONG

GET

LOST

SICK
MARRIED
Examples:
A:

Hillary, What did you do last Sunday?

B:

I went to the cinema. I saw Dracula. I got scared.

A:

Did you visit your mother-in-law yesterday?

B:

Yeah. Unfortunately . I did not get along with her.

A:

Manuel. Did you go to New York last week?

B:

Yes. It is a big city. I got lost there.

A:

Robert, did you eat pork yesterday?

B:

Yes. I did not enjoy it. I got sick. I had a stomachache.

A:

Hi Susan! Are you still single?

B:

No, I am married. I got married last weekend.


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11.4 Showing that you are interested or surprised or just that you are listening.
When you are speaking with a person in past tense, it is important to use YOU DID? To
show interest, surprise or attention.
Example:
A:

I had a nice day, relaxing day at the beach last weekend.

B:

YOU DID? Did you go swimming?

Exercise

Complete the conversation with YOU DID? And then add a question like the example
above.
1) A: I had four exams this week- I had three yesterday.
B: ________________?

________________________________?

2) A: I had a busy day today. I had 50 e-mails this morning.


B: _________________? __________________________________?

3) A: I went dancing last night. I danced all night.


B: ________________? __________________________________?

4) A: I had an interview in English. I got the job.


B: ___________________? ________________________________?
Answer Keys
1.- You did? Did you pass them? (it may vary)
2.- You did? Did you answer them? (it may vary)
3.-

You did? Did you enjoy the music? (it may vary)

4.- You did? Did you understand all? (it may vary)

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11.4 Changing the topic or ending a conversation.


When you are talking to a person and you want to change the topic or end the
conversation you use the expression ANYWAY so that you dont sound rude or sharp.
Examples:
A: How was Jasons party last weekend?
B: Good. He cooked some delicious food. Anyway,

(Change the topic)

do you still want to go out tonight?

A: Lets go camping together one weekend.

( end the conversation)

B: That sounds nice. Anyway, call me later and we


can talk about it.

Dont forget that .


We use the following responses to any
comments:
Good luck!
Happy birthday!
Congratulations!
Good for you!
You poor thing!

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12.- Aprendizaje esperado:


Describen gustos y preferencias en comida, as como sus hbitos alimenticios, utilizando verbos de
modalidad apropiados, generando situaciones comunicativas escritas y orales.
12.1 Talking about food and eating habits.
Before talking about food, it is important to make the difference between countable and uncountable
nouns.

FOOD

COUNTABLE

EGGS
BANANAS
APPLES
POTATOES
MANGOES
COOKIES
PINEAPPLES
GREEN BEANS
CARROTS
CUCUMBERS
STRAWBERRIES
ORANGES
GRAPES
TOMATOES
PEARS
CHERRIES

UNCOUNTABLE

SUGAR
RICE
PASTA
BREAD
TEA
COFFEE
MEAT
BEEF
LAMB
OIL
WINE
FLOUR
SHELLFISH
STEAK
CHEESE
MILK

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REMEMBER:
Countable Nouns

Uncountable Nouns:

Use a/ an or plural -s

Dont use a/an or plural-s

Examples:

Examples:

I have an egg for breakfast every day.

I drink water every morning

I dont eat bananas.

I dont eat meat for lunch.

Use: How many

Use: How much

Examples:

Examples:

How many eggs do you eat a week?

How much milk do you drink a day?

I eat a lot of eggs

I drink a lot of milk

I dont eat many (eggs)

I dont drink much (milk)

I dont eat a lot of eggs.

I dont drink a lot of milk

Examples: vegetables, potatoes ,mangoes,

Examples: cheese, meat, fish, rice, sugar


,oil, wine, flour, pasta, meat, beef, tea,
coffee, water, bread, etc

oranges, pineapples, lemons, bananas,


cookies, carrots, tomatoes, etc

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Exercise
Circle the correct words in these questions and answers, then practice with a partner.
1. A: How much/many fruit do you eat a week?
B: Well, I have orange/ an orange every day for breakfast, and I eat a lot of/much
fruit after dinner for dessert,
2. A: How often do you eat vegetable/ vegetables?
B: I usually eat many/ a lot of French fries. Is that a vegetable?
3. A: How much/ many times a week do you rice/ rices?
B: About twice a week. But I eat potato/ potatoes every day.
4. A: Do you eat many/ a lot of seafood?
B: Well, I eat much/ a lot of fish, but I cant eat shellfish/ a shellfish.
5. A: Do you eat meat/ meats?
B: Well, I dont eat beef/beefs, but I eat many / a lot of chicken.
6. A: How much/ many eggs do you eat a week?
B: I dont eat much/many. I dont really like egg/eggs.

exercises taken from touchstone students book 1 www.cambridge.org)

Answer Keys
1.- much/ an orange/ a lot of/
2.- vegetables/ a lot of/
3.- many/ rice/ potatoes/
4.- a lot of/ shellfish/
5.- meat/ beef/ a lot of/

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12.2 Offering and requesting food.


When you are in a restaurant, a house or in another place, and you want to offer or request
something, you use: Would you like ..
Examples:

A:

Would you like some tea?

B:

Yes, please.
No, Thanks.

A:

What would you like?

B:

Id like a sandwich.

Note: We use SOME in affirmative most of the time, however, SOME is common in
questions that are offers or requests.
Examples:
A:

Would you like some chicken?

B:

Yes, Id like some.

A:

Can I have some chocolate?

B:

Yes, you can have some.

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ANY is common in questions and in a negative form.


Examples:

A:

Do we have any meat?

B:

Yes, we have some (meat)


No, we dont have any (meat)

A:

Do we have any bananas?

B:

Yes, we have some (bananas)


No, we dont have any (bananas)

Exercise
Complete the questions and answers with SOME OR ANY.
1. A: Im sleepy. Would you like to get ________ coffee after class?
B: I just had ________ before class, but I can go with you and get something else.
2. A: I am hungry. Do you have _________ chocolate or candy with you?
B: No, but I have ___________ peanuts. Would you like ___________?
3. A: How many snacks do you eat a day?
B: Actually, I dont eat ___________. I dont eat between meals.
4. A: I have ___________ cookies in my backpack. Would you like __________?
B: No, thanks. I dont want ________ right now. But can I have ________ later?
(exercises taken from touchstone students book 1 www.cambridge.org)

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Answer Keys
1.- some/ some
2.- any/ some/ some
3.- any
4.- some/ some/ any/ some
(image taken from fotolog.com)

Exercise:
Read the dialog and practice with a partner.
AN AMERICAN RESTAURANT

(taken from new American streamline departure)

Customer:

Waiter! Id like the menu, please.

Waiter :

There you go, sir.

Customer:

Thanks. Id like some soup .

Waiter:

Tomato soup?

Customer:

Yes, and Id like a steak.

Waiter:

Rare, medium, or well-done?

Customer:

Medium , please.

Waiter:

Which vegetables would you like?

Customer:

Id like some potatoes, some peas oh, and a green salad.

Waiter:

Certainly, sir. Would you like dressing on your salad?

Customer:

Please

Waiter:

Which salad dressing would you like, sir? French? Italian? Thousand Island?

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Oil and vinegar?


Customer:

Oil and vinegar, please-

Menu
APPETIZERS
ONION SOUP
$2.90
TOMATO SOUP
$2.50
FRIED MUSHROOMS
$4.30
STUFFED TOMATOES
$2.60
ENTREES
SIRLOIN STEAK
$14.80
ROAST BEEF
$12.70
FRIED CHICKEN
$10.90
FILET OF SOLE
$ 11.50
HAM OMELETTE
$9.30
CHEESE OMELETTE
$8.60
VEGETABLES
ALL ENTREES COME WITH
CHOICE OF:
BAKED POTATO OR MASHED
POTATOES, PEAS, CARROTS,
GREEN BEANS, OR BROCCOLI

SIDE DISHES
FRENCH FRIES
$1.80
MIXED GREEN SALAD
$2.40
SPINACH SALAD
$2.20
CHOICE OF SALAD DRESSING:
FRENCH, ITALIAN, THOUSAND ISLAND, OIL
AND VINEGAR
DESSERTS
ICE CREAM
$2.30
CHOICE OF CHOCOLATE, STRAWBERRY, OR
VAINILLA APPLE PIE
$2.10
CHOCOLATE CAKE
$3.50
BEVERAGES
COFFE
$1.60
TEA
$1.40
COLA
$1.70

Exercise
Look at the Menu and answer the questions.
Examples:
A: How much is the steak?
B: It s fourteen dollar and eighty cents.
A: How much are the mushrooms?
B: They are four dollars and thirty cents.

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Exercises
1)

A: How much is the roast beef?


B: _________________________

2)

A: How much are the stuffed tomatoes?


B: _________________________________

3)

A: How much is the filet of sole?


B: _________________________________

4)

A: How much is the ham omelette?


B :___________________________________

5)

A: How much is the ice-cream?


B: _____________________________________

6)

A: How much is the chocolate cake?


B: _____________________________________

7)

A: How much are the French fries?


B:______________________________________

8)

A: How much is the coffee?


B: _____________________________________
Answer Keys
1.- Its twelve dollars and seventy cents.
2.- They are two dollars and sixty cents.
3.- its eleven dollars and fifty cents.
4.- Its nine dollars and thirty cents.
5.- Its two dollars and thirty cents.
6.- Its three dollars and fifty cents.
7.- They are one dollar and eighty cents.
8.- Its three dollars and fifty cents.

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Useful expressions
Was it
The restaurant was

good?

bad?

good

terrible

The service was

excellent

slow.

The servers were

friendly

unfriendly

The meal was

delicious

awful

The food was

tasty

tasteless

The potatoes were hot

cold.

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BIBLIOGRAFA

McCarthy, Michael et. al. (2005). Touchstone Level 1, Students Book. Cambridge University Press.

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