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Exercise5

1.

Abulbinastaircasehastwoswitches,oneswitchbeingatthegroundfloor
andtheotheroneatthefirstfloor.ThebulbcanbeturnedONandalsocan
be turned OFF by any one of the switches irrespective of the state of the
otherswitch.Thelogicofswitchingofthebulbresembles

a.anANDgate

b.anORgate

c.anXORgate

d.aNANDgate

2.

Consider a vector field A(r ) . The closed loop line integral Aidl can be
expressedas

a. A ids overtheclosedsurfaceboundedbytheloop

b. i A dv overtheclosedvolumeboundedbytheloop

c. i A dv overtheopenvolumeboundedbytheloop

d. A ids overtheopensurfaceboundedbytheloop

3.

Two systems with impulse responses h1(t) and h2(t) are connected in

cascade.Thentheoverallimpulseresponseofthecascadedsystemisgiven
by

a.productofh1(t)andh2(t)

b.sumofh1(t)andh2(t)

c.convolutionofh1(t)andh2(t)

d.subtractionofh2(t)fromh1(t)

4.

In a forward biased pn junction diode, the sequence of events that best


describesthemechanismofcurrentflowis

a. injection, and subsequent diffusion and recombination of minority


carriers

b.injection,andsubsequentdriftandgenerationofminoritycarriers

c.extraction,andsubsequentdiffusionandgenerationofminoritycarriers

d.extraction,andsubsequentdriftandrecombinationofminoritycarriers

5.

In IC technology, dry oxidation (using dry oxygen) as compared to wet


oxidation(usingsteamorwatervapor)produces

a.superiorqualityoxidewithahighergrowthrate

b.inferiorqualityoxidewithahighergrowthrate

c.inferiorqualityoxidewithalowergrowthrate

d.superiorqualityoxidewithalowergrowthrate

6.

Themaximumvalueof untilwhichtheapproximationsin holdsto


within10%erroris

a.10

7.

Thedivergenceofthevectorfield A = xa x + ya y + za z is

a.0

8.

Theimpulseresponseofasystemish(t)=tu(t).Foraninputu(t1),the
outputis

b.18

b.1/3

c.50

c.1

d.90

d.3

b.

t (t 1)
u (t 1)
2

(t 1) 2
u (t 1)
2

d.

t2 1
u (t 1)
2

t2
a. u (t )
2

c.

9.

TTheBodeplotofatraansferfuncctionG(s)isshownin
nthefigureebelow.

T
The
gain (20 log |G
G(s)|) is 32 dB and 8 dB att 1 rad/s and 10 rad/s
r
reespectivelyy.Thephaseisnegattiveforall.ThenG(s)is

39.8

b.

39.8
s2

c.

332

d.

322

s2

a.

10.

n the circu
uit shown below what is thee output voltage
v
(Vout
In
o ) if a sillicon
trransistorQ
Qandanid
dealopam
mpareused
d?

a.15V

b.0.7V

c.+0.7V

d.+15V

11.

deltaconn
C
Considera
nectionoffresistors anditsequivalentsttarconnecction

as shown below.
b
If all
a elemen
nts of the delta connection arre scaled by a
faactor k, k > 0, the elements
e
o the corrrespondingg star equivalent will be
of
sccaledbyafactorof

a.k2

12.

For8085microprocesssor,thefo
ollowingprrogramiseexecuted.

MVIA
A,05H;

MVIB,05H;

P
PTR:ADDB
B;

DCRB;

PTR;
JNZP

b.k

c.1/k

d. k

ADI0
03H;

HLT;

Attheendofprogram
A
m,accumulatorcontaains

a.17H

13.

T
Thebitrate
eofadigittalcommunicationsyystemisR kbits/s.Th
hemodulaation

b.20H

c.23H

d
d.05H

usedis32Q
QAM.Theminimumbandwidth
hrequiredforISIfreetransmisssion
iss
b.R/10kHz

a.R/10Hz

c.R
R/5Hz

d.R//5kHz

14.

Foraperiodicsignal v(t)=30ssin100t+ 10cos300t+6sin (500t+ /4),


hefundam
mentalfreq
quencyinrad/sis
th

a.100

b.300

15.

In
navoltage
evoltageffeedbackaasshownb
below,whichoneoffthefollow
wing

c.500

500
d.15

sttatementssisTRUEifthegainkkisincreaseed?

a.Theinputtimpedanceincreasesandouttputimped
dancedecrreases.

b.Theinputimpedanceincreasesandouttputimped
b
dancealsoincreases..

c.Theinputimpedancedecreasesandoutputimpedancealsodecreases.

d.Theinputimpedancedecreasesandoutputimpedanceincreases.

16.

Abandlimitedsignalwithamaximumfrequencyof5kHzistobesampled.
According to the sampling theorem, the sampling frequency which is not
validis

a.5kHz

17.

In a MOSFET operating in the saturation region, the channel length

b.12kHz

c.15kHz

d.20kHz

modulationeffectcauses

a.anincreaseinthegatesourcecapacitance

b.adecreaseinthetransconductance

c.adecreaseintheunitygaincutofffrequency

d.adecreaseintheoutputresistance

18.

WhichoneofthefollowingstatementsisNOTTRUEforacontinuoustime
causalandstableLTIsystem?

a.Allthepolesofthesystemmustlieontheleftsideofthejaxis.

b.Zerosofthesystemcanlieanywhereinthesplane.

c.Allthepolesmustliewithin|s|=1.

d. All the roots of the characteristic equation must be located on the left
sideofthejaxis.

19.

T
Theminimu
umeigenvvalueoftheefollowinggmatrixis
3 5 2
5 12 7

2 7 5

b.1

c.2

a.0

d.3

20.

A
Apolynomi
ialf(x)=a4x4+a3x3++a2x2+a1xa0with
hallcoefficientspossitive
h
has

a.norealro
oots

b
b.nonegat
tiverealroot

c.oddnumberofreallroots

onepositivveandonenegativerrealroot
d.atleasto

21.

A
Assuming
zero
z
initial condition, the ressponse y (t) of the system given
g
belowtoaunitstepinputu(t)iss
b

b.tu(t)

a.u(t)

22.

T
Thetransfe
erfunction

c.

t2
u (t )
2

u(t)
d.et

V2 ( s )
oftthecircuitshownbelowis
V1 ( s )

a.
23.

0.5s + 1
3s + 6
s+2
b.
c.
d. s + 1
s +1
s+2
s +1
s+2

A source Vs(t) = V cos100t has an internal impedance of (4 + j3) . If a


purelyresistiveloadconnectedtothissourcehastoextractthemaximum
poweroutofthesource,itsvalueinshouldbe

a.3

b.4

c.5

d.7

24.

Thereturnlossofadeviceisfoundtobe20dB.Thevoltagestandingwave
ratio(VSWR)andmagnitudeofreflectioncoefficientarerespectively

a.1.22and0.1

b.0.81and0.1

c.1.22and0.1

d.2.44and0.2

25.

Letg(t)=et2,andh(t)isafiltermatchedtog(t).Ifg(t)isappliedasinput
toh(t),thentheFouriertransformoftheoutputis
d. e 2 f

a. ef

26

LetUandVbetwoindependentzeromeanGaussianrandomvariablesof

b. e f

c. e| f |

/2

1
1
variances and respectively.TheprobabilityP(3V2U)is
9
4

a.4/9

b.1/2

c.2/3

d.5/9

27.

LetAbeanmnmatrixandBannmmatrix.Itisgiventhatdeterminant
(Im+AB)=determinant(In+BA),whereIkisthekkdeterminantofthe
matrix given below is identity matrix. Using the above property, the
determinantofthematrixgivenbelowis

2
1

b.5

1 1 1
2 1 1

1 2 1

1 1 2

a.2

c.8
8

d.16
6

28.

nthecircu
uitshownb
below,ifthesource voltageV
VS=100 53.13Vtthen
In
th
heTheveninsequivaalentvoltaageinVoltsasseenb
bytheload
dresistancceRL
iss

a.10090
0

29.

T openlo
The
oop transffer functio
on of a dc motor is given
g
as

b.800
00

c.80090

d.10060

( s )
10
=
.
Va ( s ) 1 + 10s

W
Whenconn
nectedinfeedbackasshownb
below,the approximaatevalueo
ofKa
th
hat will re
educe thee time constant of the closeed loop syystem by one
h
hundredtim
mesascom
mparedtothatoftheeopenloo
opsystemis

a.1

b.5

c.10

00
d.10

30.

In
nthecircu
uitshownb
below,theekneecurrrentoftheeidealZen
nerdiodeiis10
m To maaintain 5V
mA.
V across RL, the min
nimum vallue of RL in and the
m
minimump
powerratin
ngoftheZenerdiodeeinmW,reespectivelyy,are

a.125and125

5and250
b.125

c.250aand125

d. 250 and

250
31.

T
The
follow
wing arran
ngement consists
c
o an ideaal transfo
of
ormer and
d an
attenuatorwhichatteenuatesbyyafactoro
of0.8.AnaacvoltageVWX1=100
0Vis
appliedacrossWXtogetanop
pencircuit voltageVYZ1
YZ.Next,aanac
Y acrossY
voltageVYZ22=100VissappliedaacrossYZttogetano
opencircuitvoltage VWX2
acrossWX.Then,VYZ11/VWX1,VWX2
arerespecttively,
W /VYZ2a

a.125/1
100and80
0/100

b.100
0/100and8
80/100

c.100/100and100/1
100

d.80/100and80/10
00

32.

T
Twomagne
eticallyunccoupledinductiveco
oilshaveQ
Qfactorsq1andq2attthe
chosen ope
erating freequency. Their
T
respective ressistances are
a R1 and
d R2.
W
When
conn
nected in series,
s
theeir effectivve Q factor at the saame operaating
frrequencyis

a.q1+q2

c.(q1R1+q2R2)/(R1+R2)

33.

T
Theimpulse
eresponseeofaconttinuoustim
mesystemisgivenbyyh(t)=(t1)

b.(1/q1)+(1
1/q2)

d.(q1R2+ q2R1)/(R1 +R2)

+ (t3).TThevalueo
+
ofthestep
presponseatt=2is

b.1

c.2

a.0

d.3

34.

T smallssignal resisstance (i.ee., dVB/dID) in k offfered by the nchannel


The
M
MOSFETM
shownin thefigureebelow,attabiaspo
ointofVB==2Vis(deevice
data for M:
M device transcond
t
uctance parameter
p
kN = nCox (W/L) =
= 40
A/V2, thre
eshold voltage VTN =
= 1V, and neglect body
b
effect and channel

leengthmod
dulationefffects)

a.12.5

35.

T
Theacsche
ematicofaanNMOSccommonssourcestaggeisshow
wninthefiggure

b.25

c.50

d.10
00

b
below,
whe
ere part of the biasiing circuitss has been
n omitted for simpliicity.
Forthench
hannelMO
OSFETM,tthetransco
onductanceegm=1m
mA/V,andb
body
effectandcchannellengthmodu
ulationeffectareto beneglectted.Thelo
ower
cutofffrequ
uencyinHzofthecirrcuitisapp
proximatelyyat

a.8

36.

d2y
dy
A
Asystemis
dbythediffferentialeequation 2 + 5 + 6 y (t ) = x(t ) .
described
d
dt
dy

Letx(t)beaarectangularpulseggivenby

1
x (t ) =
0

A
Assumingt
haty(0)=0
0and

b.32

c.50

00
d.20

0<t <2

otherwise

dy
= 0 att=0
0,theLaplaacetransfo
ormofy(t)is
dt

e 2 s
1 e 2 s
e 2 s
a.
b.
c.

( s + 2)( s + 3)
s ( s + 2)( s + 3)
s ( s + 2)( s + 3)
37.

1 e 2 s
d.

( s + 2)( s + 3)

A system described by a linear, constant coefficient, ordinary, first order


differentialequationhasanexactsolutiongivenbyy(t)fort>0,whenthe
forcing function is x( t) and the initial condition is y(0). If one wishes to
modifythesystemsothatthesolutionbecomes2y(t)fort>0,weneed
to

a.changetheinitialconditiontoy(0)andtheforcingfunctionto2x(t)

b.changetheinitialconditionto2y(0)andtheforcingfunctiontox(t)

c. change the initial condition to j 2 y (0) and the forcing function to


j 2 x(t )

d.changetheinitialconditionto2y(0)andtheforcingfunctionto2x(t)

38.

Considertwoidentically distributedzeromeanrandomvariablesUandV.
Let the cumulative distribution functions of U and 2V be F(x) and G(x)
respectively.Then,forallvaluesofx

a.F(x)G(x)0

b.F(x)G(x)0

c.(F(x)G(x))x0

d.(F(x)G(x))x0

39.

TheDFTofavector [ a b c d ] isthevector [ ] .Considerthe


product

a b c d
d a b c

[ p q r s ] = [ a b c d ]
c d a b

b c d a

T
TheDFTof
thevectorr [ p q r

a. 2 2

c. [ + + +

+ ]

40.

T signal flow graph for a syystem is giiven below


The
w. The transfer funcction

s ] isasscaledverssionof

b.

d. [ ]

Y ( s)
forth
hissystemis
U ( s)

a.

s +1
s +1
s +1
b. 2
c. 2

5s + 6 s + 2
s + 6s + 2
s + 4s + 2

41.

d.

1
5s + 6 s + 2
2

In
nthecircuitshownb
belowtheo
opampsareideal.Th
henVoutinVoltsis

a.4

b.6

c.8
8

d.10
0

42.

In
nthecircuitshownb
below,Q1h
hasnegligiiblecollecttortoemitttersaturaation
voltageand
dthediodeedropsneegligiblevo
oltageacro
ossitunderrforward bias.
IffVccis+5V
V,XandYaredigitalsignalsw
with0Vaslogic0and
dVccasloggic1,
th
hentheBo
ooleanexp
pressionforZis

a.XY

b. XY

43.

Avoltage1000sinco
A
otVoltsisaappliedacrrossYZ.Assumingideealdiodes,,the

X
c. XY

X
d. XY

voltagemeasuredacrrossWXinVolts,is

a.sint

c.(sint|sint|)//2

44.

T
Three
capaacitors C1, C2 and C3 whose values are 10F, 5F, and 2F

b.(sint+|sint|))/2
d.0foralllt

reespectivelyy,havebreeakdownvvoltagesoff10V,5V, and2Vrespectively.For
th
heinterconnectionsshownbelow,them
maximumsafevoltageinVolts that

canbeappliedacrosssthecomb
bination,andthecorrrespondin
ngtotalcharge
in
n C stored in th
he effectivve capacitance acrross the terminals are
reespectivelyy,

a.2.8and3
36

7and119
b.7

32
c.2.8and3

d.7
7and80

45.

T
Therearef
fourchips eachof10
024bytes connected
dtoa16b
bitaddresssbus
asshownin
nthefigurrebelow.R
RAMs1,2,,3and4rrespectivelyaremap
pped
to
oaddresse
es

a.0C00H0FFFFH,1C00
0H1FFFH,2C00H2FFFH,3C00H3FFFH

b
b.1800H1
FFFH,2800
0H2FFFH, 3800H3FFFH,4800H4FFFH

c.0500H08
8FFH,1500
0H18FFH, 3500H38
8FFH,5500H58FFH

0H1BFFH,,2800H2B
BFFH,3800
0H3BFFH
d.0800H0BFFH,1800

46.

n the circu
uit shown below, th
he silicon npn transsistor Q haas a very high
In
valueof.TTherequirredvalueo
ofR2ink toproduceIC=1mA
Ais

a.20

b.30

c.4
40

d.50
0

47.

Let U and V be tw
wo indepeendent and identicaally distrib
buted random

1
variablessu
uchthatP(U=+1)=P
P(U=1)== .TheentropyH(U
U+V)inbiitsis
2

a.3/4

b.1

c.3/2

d.logg23

CommonDataQuestion
ns:CommoonDatafoorQuestionns48and449:
Bits1and0aretrransmitted
dwithequalprobability.Attheereceiver, thepdfoffthe
respectivereceive
edsignalsfforbothbiitsareasshownbelo
ow.

48.

Iffthedetecctionthresholdis1,ttheBERwillbe

1
a.
2

49.

T
Theoptimu
umthresho
oldtoachieeveminimumbiterrrorrate(BEER)is

1
a.
2

1
b.
4

4
b.
5

1
c.
8

d.

c.1

d.

166

onDataforrQuestion
ns50and5
51:
Commo
Consideerthefollo
owingfigurre

50.

T
Thecurrent
tISinAmp
psinthevo
oltagesou
urce,andvvoltageVS inVoltsaccross
th
hecurrenttsourcerespectively,,are

a.13,20

51.

T
Thecurrent
tinthe1Q
Qresistorin
nAmpsis

a.2

b.8,10

b.3.33

c.8,20

c.10

20
d.13,2

d.12
2

Linked
dAnswerQuestion
ns
Stateme
entforLin
nkedAnsw
werQuestio
ons52and
d53:
A mono
ochromaticc plane waave of wavelength = 600 m is prop
pagating in
n the
directio
onasshow
wninthefiggurebelow
w. E i , E r , and E t deenoteincid
dent,refleccted,
andtran
nsmittede
electricfieldvectorsaassociated
dwiththew
wave.

52.

T
Theangleo
ofincidenceiandth
heexpressiionfor E i are

j
E
a. 60 and 0 (a x a z )e
2

10 ( x + z )
j
E0
3

b 45 and
b.
( a x + a z )e
V/m
2

j
E
c. 45 and 0 (a x a z )e
2

104 ( x + z )
3 2

V/m

104 ( x + z )
3 2

V/m

10 z
j
E0
d. 60 and
(a x a z )e 3 V
V/m
2

53.

T
Theexpress
sion E r is

j
E
a. 0.23 0 (a x + a z )e
2

100 z
j
E0

b
b.
(a x + a z )e 3 V/m
2

j
E
c. 0.44 0 (a x + a z )e
2

10 ( x + z )
j
E
3
d. 0 (a x + a z )e
V/m
2

104 ( x z )
3 2

V//m

104 ( x z )
3 2

V//m

entforLin
nkedAnsw
werQuestio
ons54and
d55:
Stateme
Thestattediagram
mofasysteemisshow
wnbelow.A
Asystemisdescribedbythesttate
variableeequations

54.

TThestatevariableequationsofthesystem
mshownin
nthefigureeabovearre

1
1 0
+
X=
X

1 u
a.

1 1
y = [1 1] X + u
i

1
1 0
X=
X
+

1 u
b.
1 1

y = [ 1 1] X + u
i

1 0
1
X=
X
+

1 u
c.
1 1

y = [ 1 1] X u

1 1
1
X=
X
+

1 u
d.
0 1

y = [1 1] X u

55.

ThestatetransitionmatrixeAtofthesystemshowninthefigureaboveis

et
a. t
te

et

et
b. t
te

et

et
c. t
e

et

et
d.
0

KeyforExcerise5

Q.NO

KEY

19.

38.

1.

20.

39.

2.

21.

40.

3.

22.

41.

4.

23.

42.

5.

24.

43.

6.

25.

44.

7.

26.

45.

8.

27.

46.

9.

28.

47.

10.

29.

48.

11.

30.

49.

12.

31.

50.

13.

32.

51.

14.

33.

52.

15.

34.

53.

16.

35.

54.

17.

36.

55.

18.

37.

te t

et