AP Physics C

© All Rights Reserved

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AP Physics C

© All Rights Reserved

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The materials included in these files are intended for noncommercial use by

AP teachers for course and exam preparation; permission for any other use

reproduce them, in whole or in part, in limited quantities, for face-to-face

teaching purposes but may not mass distribute the materials,

electronically or otherwise. This permission does not apply to any

third-party copyrights contained herein. These materials and any copies

made of them may not be resold, and the copyright notices

must be retained as they appear here.

The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to college success and opportunity.

Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 4,500 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational organizations. Each year, the

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PSAT/NMSQT, and the Advanced Placement Program (AP). The College Board is committed to the principles of

excellence and equity, and that commitment is embodied in all of its programs, services, activities, and concerns.

For further information, visit www.collegeboard.com

Copyright 2004 College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved. College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, AP Central,

AP Vertical Teams, APCD, Pacesetter, Pre-AP, SAT, Student Search Service, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the

College Entrance Examination Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark of the

College Entrance Examination Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation.

Educational Testing Service and ETS are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service.

Other products and services may be trademarks of their respective owners.

For the College Boards online home for AP professionals, visit AP Central at apcentral.collegeboard.com.

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

General Notes about 2004 AP Physics Scoring Guidelines

1.

The solutions contain the most common method(s) of solving the free-response questions, and the

allocation of points for these solutions. Other methods of solution also receive appropriate credit for

correct work.

2. Generally, double penalty for errors is avoided. For example, if an incorrect answer to part (a) is

correctly substituted into an otherwise correct solution to part (b), full credit will usually be awarded.

One exception to this may be cases when the numerical answer to a later part should be easily

recognized as wrong, e.g. a speed faster than the speed of light in vacuum.

3. Implicit statements of concepts normally receive credit. For example, if use of the equation expressing a

particular concept is worth one point, and a students solution contains the application of that equation to

the problem but the student does not write the basic equation, the point is still awarded.

4. The scoring guidelines typically show numerical results using the value g = 9.8 m s 2 , but use of

5.

Numerical answers that differ from the published answer due to differences in rounding throughout the

question typically receive full credit. The exception is usually when rounding makes a difference in

obtaining a reasonable answer. For example, suppose a solution requires subtracting two numbers that

should have five significant figures and that differ starting with the fourth digit (e.g. 20.295 and 20.278).

Rounding to three digits will lose the accuracy required to determine the difference in the numbers, and

some credit may be lost.

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 1

15 points total

Distribution

of points

(a)

i.

3 points

For field lines inside the shell that point outward and are reasonably close to being

90 to both the line charge and the shell surface, with obviously more lines on

the right side than the left

For field lines outside the shell that are radial and noncontinuous with those inside

the shell, reasonably close to 90 to the shell surface, and approximately

evenly spaced

For no field lines inside the shell, given that there are field lines drawn elsewhere

ii.

1 point

1 point

1 point

2 points

For only negative charges on the inside surface of the shell, with obviously more

charges on the right side

For only positive charges on the outside of the shell, approximately evenly spaced

1 point

1 point

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 1 (continued)

Distribution

of points

(b)

4 points

4 Va

(c)

i.

3 Vb

2 Vc

1 Vd

3 Ve

For giving the lowest number to Vd (i.e. placing it at the highest potential)

1 point

1 point

1 point

For giving the highest number to Va (i.e. placing it at the lowest potential)

1 point

2 points

Using Gausss law:

Q

EidA =

E dA =

For the correct expression for the value of the integral of the area

A = 2 p r (where is the length of the Gaussian surface)

For the correct expression for the total charge enclosed, which comes only from

the line charge

Q=l

Substituting and solving for the field:

l

E (2p r ) =

1 point

1 point

E =

l

2p0 r

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 1 (continued)

Distribution

of points

(c) (continued)

ii.

2 points

For any indication that the total field or the total charge enclosed is the sum of

contributions from the line charge and the shell

Qtot = Qline + Qshell or

Etot = Eline + Eshell

The field from the line charge is the same as calculated in part i.

l

Eline =

2p0 r

For the shell, the charge enclosed is that between r and r1

Qshell = r p r 2 - pr12

For substitution of the correct enclosed charge for the shell into Gausss law

r

Eshell ( 2p r ) =

p r 2 - p r12

0 (

Eshell =

Etot =

iii.

r

20 r

1 point

1 point

(r 2 - r12 )

(

r

l

+

r 2 - r12

2p0 r 20 r

2 points

For any indication that the total field or the total charge enclosed is the sum of

contributions from the line charge and the shell

Qtot = Qline + Qshell or

Etot = Eline + Eshell

The field from the line charge is the same as calculated in part i.

l

Eline =

2p0 r

For the shell, the charge enclosed is that between r2 and r1

For substitution of the correct enclosed charged for the shell into Gausss law

r

Eshell ( 2p r ) =

p r22 - p r12

0 (

Etot

1 point

r

r 2 - r12

20 r 2

r

l

=

+

r 2 - r12

2p0 r 20 r 2

Eshell =

1 point

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 2

15 points total

(a)

Distribution

of points

1 point

Once the switch is closed, VR1 = VC .

From the graph, one can see that at t = 0 , VC = 0 . Therefore, all the voltage drop

occurs across resistor R2 .

For the correct answer, with units

VR 2 = 20 V

(b)

1 point

1 point

From the graph, the maximum voltage across the capacitor (and thus also R1 ), is 12 V.

The remaining voltage drop occurs across R2 .

VR 2 = 20 V - 12 V

For the correct answer, with units

VR 2 = 8 V

(c)

1 point

3 points

A long time after the switch is closed, I C = 0 .

For any indication that I R1 = I R 2

1 point

I R1 = VR1 R1 = (12 V ) (15 kW ) = 0.8 103 A

Using Ohms law to calculate R2 :

R2 = VR 2 I R 2 = (8 V ) 0.8 10 -3 A

For the correct units

R2 = 10 kW

1 point

1 point

NOTE: There was a discrepancy in this question between information in the graph and

the circuit diagram. The value of the time constant as shown in the graph was about

a factor of ten too large when compared to the value determined from the information

in the diagram. Determination of R2 by equating the expression for the time constant

in terms of resistance and capacitance to the time constant from the graph yields a

negative resistance. Since it was not the fault of the students that the correct analysis

yielded a negative value of resistance, full credit could be earned for this method.

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 2 (continued)

Distribution

of points

(d)

3 points

Using the relationship for the energy stored in a capacitor:

1

U = CV 2

2

For substituting the correct value of voltage

For substituting the correct value of capacitance

1

2

U = (20 mF )(12 V )

2

For the correct answer, with correct units

U = 1.44 10 -3 J

(e)

1 point

1 point

1 point

4 points

From part (a), VR 2 = 20 V immediately after the switch is closed

1 point

For a correct value for the final current

From part (c), I R 2 = 0.8 10-3 A a long time after the switch is closed

1 point

For labeling the vertical axis (including units)

Only the general shape of the graph and the endpoints were graded. The time constant

of the graph was not evaluated.

1 point

1 point

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 2 (continued)

Distribution

of points

(f)

3 points

For indicating that the energy would be greater

For a correct and complete explanation

For example: Consider the circuit a long time after the switch is closed, when there

is no current in the capacitor. If R2 is replaced with a smaller resistance, then

the total resistance decreases. This results in a larger current through the resistors.

Therefore, the voltage across R1 , and thus across the capacitor, increases. Since

1

U = CV 2 , energy increases.

2

One of the two explanation points could be earned for an incomplete but correct

explanation.

1 point

2 points

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 3

15 points total

(a)

Distribution

of points

4 points

The magnetic field from the wire with current I is given by:

m I

B= 0

(this equation can be remembered or derived from Amperes law)

2p r

Using the equation for the flux:

fm = Bid A

For correctly including the dimension 4 of the loop when re-expressing the area

integral as an integral over r

dA = 4 dr

For the correct limits on the integral

4

fm =

m I

2 p0 r

4 dr =

2 m0 I

p

fm =

2 m0 I

ln r

p

2 m0 I

(ln 4 - ln

p

1 point

2 m0 I

fm =

ln 4

p

(b)

1 point

dr

r

4

1 point

1 point

3 points

For correctly indicating that the induced current is counterclockwise

For a complete correct explanation

For example: The decreasing current means that the magnetic field, which points out

of the plane of the page, is decreasing in magnitude. Using Lenzs law, the induced

current thus needs to create a field to counteract this change. The current must

therefore be counterclockwise to create a field directed out of the page

1 point

2 points

Only one point was awarded for incomplete explanations, such as merely saying

that Lenzs law or the right-hand rule justifies the answer.

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

2004 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 3 (continued)

Distribution

of points

(c)

(d)

4 points

For a correct relationship between the current, resistance, and derivative of the flux

I loop = e R = (1 R )( - df dt )

1 point

2 m0 I

fm =

ln 4

p

For substituting I (t ) in the flux equation

2 m0 I 0

fm =

(ln 4) e - kt

p

For correctly differentiating this expression to determine the emf

e = - ddtf = - ( - k ) 2 mp0 I0 (ln 4) e- kt

e = 2 kpm0 I0 (ln 4) e- kt

Substituting into the expression for current:

2 k m0 I 0

I loop =

(ln 4) e - kt

pR

1 point

1 point

1 point

4 points

For using a correct expression for power

P = I 2R

For substituting the expression for current from part (c)

2

2

2 k m0 I 0

2 k m0 I 0

P=

(ln 4) e - kt R =

(ln 4) 1 e -2kt

pR

R

p

For indicating that the dissipated energy is the integral of the power

1 point

1 point

1 point

U =

P dt

0

2

2 k m0 I 0

U =

(ln 4 ) 1 e -2 kt dt

R

p

0

2

( )

1

(R - 21k )(0 - 1)

2 k m0 I 0

U =

(ln 4) 1 - 1 e -2 kt

R 2k

p

2

2 k m0 I 0

U =

(ln 4)

1 point

2

2 m0 I 0

k

U =

(ln 4)

p

2R

Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for AP students and parents).

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