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DELHI, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

Regd. DL(ND)-11/6110/2006-07-08 RNI No. TNENG/2012/49940 ISSN 0971 - 751X Vol. 5 No. 213 CITY EDITION 28 Pages Rs. 8.00 www.thehindu.in

Printed at Chennai, Coimbatore, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Madurai, Noida, Visakhapatnam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Vijayawada, Mangaluru, Tiruchirapalli, Kolkata, Hubballi, Mohali, Allahabad and Malappuram

PROMISE FULFILLED, SAYS PRIME MINISTER You spent your life for the country, we cannot ignore you

Early retirees eligible for OROP: Modi


Commission
will be set up
to address
shortcomings

Govt. makes
one more bid
to get GST
Bill through

National Bureau

Smita Gupta

FARIDABAD/NEW DELHI: Prime

NEW DELHI: After announcing the

Minister Narendra Modi


claried on Sunday that all
service personnel who had
taken premature retirement
would be entitled to the One
Rank One Pension (OROP)
scheme.
Armed forces personnel
who retired prematurely will
be entitled to OROP, Mr.
Modi told a rally in Faridabad
after inaugurating the new
Badarpur-Escorts (Mujesar)
corridor of Delhi Metro.

One Rank, One Pension (OROP)


scheme, the Narendra Modi
government is making another bid
to reconvene the monsoon
session of Parliament later this
month to get the Goods and
Services Bill through. With the
Congress and the Left Parties still
opposing the Modi governmentsponsored version of the Bill,
senior Cabinet Ministers have
renewed their appeal to the
Opposition to cooperate with
them to approve the legislation in
Parliament.
Meanwhile, Congress sources
told The Hindu that the Congress
Working Committee meeting here
on September 8 to deliberate on
the changes proposed to the
partys constitution will also
discuss the current political
situation, as general secretary
Janardan Dwivedi said recently.

AGITATION ENDS: Prime Minister Narendra Modi is greeted by


ex-servicemen at the inauguration of the Badarpur-Faridabad extension
of the Delhi Metro in Faridabad on Sunday. PHOTO: PTI

You have spent your life for


this country, we cannot ignore you, he said.
Mr. Modi said those seekNot an easy decision
ing voluntary retirement or
He said a commission retiring at an early age were
would be set up to address set to benet the most and it
any
shortcomings
and was wrong to mislead them.
stressed that it was not an If you have spent 15 years in
easy decision for his govern- the service of the nation, you
ment but nothing mattered will get the benet of OROP.
to his government more than
the esteem of the soldiers.
RANK AND FILE WILL GET MOST
I have fullled my prom- BENEFIT: MODI; CHANGES AS SUGGESTED
ise of One Rank One Pension. BY PANEL, SAYS PARRIKAR | PAGE 12

Veterans call off fast


Dinakar Peri

has been leading the agitation, said: Weve ended our


fast but if the government
does not full its promise
we are going to be back.
Happy that a 40-year-old
demand had been conceded, Maj. Gen. Singh said
Sept. 5 was a historic day.

NEW DELHI: Soon after the


veterans ended their hunger strike following Prime
Minister Narendra Modis
clarication that those
seeking early retirement
too would benet from the
One Rank, One Pension
(OROP) scheme, Maj. Gen.
REVISION EVERY FIVE YEARS
(retd.) Satbir Singh, who UNACCEPTABLE | PAGE 12

No Kejriwal at Metro inauguration


Jatin Anand
NEW DELHI: In a break from

norms, Delhi Chief Minister


Arvind Kejriwal was not invited for the inauguration of
the Badarpur-Faridabad Metro line on Sunday.
Prime Minister Narendra
Modi was the centre of attraction at the ceremony even as
the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, the Centre and the Haryana government chose to
deect blame for what the
Aam Aadmi Party government
called petty politics.
Sources in the BJP claimed
the DMRC had been categorically told that it could
choose inviting either the PM
or the CM. The DMRC refused
to comment, but sources said
the function was organised
entirely by the Haryana government and it had nothing to
do with sending out invitations.
The Delhi government is
50 per cent partner in the
DMRC in terms of its nances
and to the extent that even a
routine meeting cannot be

SHEENA BORA CASE

Indrani taken to her home


MUMBAI: Indrani Mukherjea, the
prime accused in the Sheena
Bora murder case, was taken
to her home in Worli here on
Sunday.

NEWS | PAGE 13

INJURIES TAKE A TOLL

Shane Watson retires


LONDON: Australian all-rounder
Shane Watson retired from Test
cricket on Sunday, accepting
defeat in his battle against
injuries that ravaged his career.

SPORT | PAGE 17

EDUCATIONPLUS
4 Pages

METROPLUS
4 Pages

Centre, said a State government official.


Haryana Chief Secretary
D.S. Dhesi did not respond to a
text fromThe Hinduasking
why Mr. Kejriwal was not invited when the then CM Sheila
Dikshit and her U.P. counterpart Mayawati attended the
inauguration of the extension
of Metro from Delhi to Noida.
Ms Dikshit was also present
during the opening of Metro's
extension to Gurgaon. When
contacted, Amit Arya, Media
Advisor of Haryana CM, said
the programme was held in
Haryana but was organised by
Prime Minister Narendra Modi took the Metro from the Centre.
On her part, Ms. Dikshit
Janpath for the inauguration of the Badarpursaid she sympathised with her
Faridabad line on Sunday. PHOTO: PTI (SEE ALSO PAGE 4)
successor who at least deheld without the Chief Secre- and the Centre jointly funded served an invite. These are
tary, the Finance Secretary the extension of the Metro not party functions, but govand the Transport Commis- Line to Faridabad. Though ernment functions; extending
sioner in attendance; how the Delhi government did not invitations (to all concerned)
they could exclude the leader provide funding directly, the is not an official practice but
of the government of Delhi is rolling stock (coaches) and such protocols do exist as babeyond basic courtesy and other technical equipment sic courtesies extended by one
simple logic, said an official, apart from the manpower be- government to another, she
conrming that Mr. Kejriwal long to DMRC in which the toldThe Hindu.
(With inputs from Ashok
had not been invited.
Delhi government has an
The Haryana Government equal partnership with the Berwal)

After tiff, senior officer in WCD


Ministry put on compulsory wait
Chahal had sought
a transfer out of
the Ministry
Vijaita Singh
NEW DELHI: Once the blue-eyed
boy of the former Union Home
Minister,
Sushil
Kumar
Shinde, I.S. Chahal, an IAS officer of the Maharashtra cadre,
has been put on compulsory
wait after he reportedly had a
tiff with Women and Child Development Minister Maneka
Gandhi.
An August 31 order said that
Mr. Chahal had been put on
compulsory wait in the same
Ministry. Mr. Chahals veyear central deputation gets
over in 2018, since he came
here in 2013.
In the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), three important
vacancies (Union Territory,
North-East, Police-I) at the
level of Joint Secretary are
coming up, but not many IAS
officers from the States are
willing to go to the Centre on
deputation, sources said.
As per the offer list posted
on the website of the Central
Staffing Scheme, only four IAS
and six IPS officers have expressed their willingness to go

Sources said I.S. Chahal (right) wanted to shift to


the Enforcement Directorate and had requested
WCD Minister Maneka Gandhi (left) to clear it.
to the Centre on deputation.
When the NDA government
came to power, we got an impression that bureaucrats
would be made powerful. But it
is the Ministers who call the
shots, and if we dont fall in
line, officers are unceremoniously shunted out or forced
to resign, said a senior official.
When contacted, Ms. Gandhi refused to comment but
sources close to her said:
Since the time this officer
[Mr. Chahal] came to the WCD
Ministry in November last, he
wanted to move out. Soon after
joining, he went to the Minister with a le and asked her to
clear his transfer to the Enforcement Directorate (ED).

In May, he went on a 90-day


unscheduled leave without informing anybody The government has taken a very grim
view of the subject and he has
been put on compulsory
wait
A 1989 batch officer, Mr.
Chahal was brought to the
Centre on deputation by Mr.
Shinde, who made him his Ofcer on Special Duty. When
the NDA government came to
power last year, he was shifted
out of MHA to the WCD Ministry in November. Mr. Chahal is
the third senior bureaucrat to
have been shunted out unceremoniously.

CONTINUED ON PAGE 12

Police shielding Asaram in witness murder case


Mohammad Ali
SHAHJAHANPUR: The father of

the alleged rape victim in the


Asaram case on Sunday alleged that the State police
ensured that the self-styled
godmans name did not gure in the murder case of Kripal Singh, one of the crucial
witnesses in his daughters

case. Singh was murdered allegedly by the goons of Asaram.


The father of the victim
told The Hindu that Kripal
Singh had in his dying declaration said Asaram was responsible for the attack on
him.
Singh was attacked in
Shahjahanpur on July 10 and

died at a hospital in Bareilly


the next day.
He was the ninth witness
in the case against Asaram to
have been attacked and the
third to have died.
I was present when Kripal Singhs statement was being recorded in the hospital
by the police officials. He
mentioned Asarams name

but sadly that never found


mention in the FIR registered in the murder case, he
alleged.
Babloo Kuma, Superintendent of Police, Shahjahanpur, said: Whatever
Kripal Singh said was recorded by the police and he didnt
say Asaram was responsible
for the attack.

Hotel, varsity
property seized
Staff Reporter
NEW DELHI: A ve-star hotel, a

university and a Central


Government agency are
among tax defaulters whose
properties or accounts have
been attached by the South
Delhi Municipal Corporation.
The SDMCs Assessment
and Collection Department
has started cracking down on
defaulting property owners.

DETAILS | PAGE 3

More women workers can Newspapers in Kashmir,


boost growth: IMF chief PoK to share content
Puja Mehra

Peerzada Ashiq

NEW DELHI: If the number of

ISLAMABAD: In a rst, some 12

female workers were to increase to the same level as


the number of men, GDP in
the United States would expand by 5 per cent, by 9 per
cent in Japan, and by 27 per
cent in India, the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
has estimated.
Delivering the keynote address at the Womens 20
(W-20) Summit in Ankara,
Turkey on Sunday, IMF Managing Director Christine
Lagarde said: Womens empowerment is not just a fundamentally moral cause, it is
also an absolute economic
no-brainer.

newspapers on both sides of


Kashmir have decided to exchange news and views
through the Internet.
They will sign a memorandum of understanding to
share content to build a
permanent linkage and to
understand each others
problems. Initially, only
apolitical content will be
shared.
The arrangement was reached at a meeting of 29
journalists and newspaper
owners in Islamabad recently. We will have a news pool
rst for joint use of content.
A memorandum of understanding will be signed later
to have regular coverage,
Shujaat Bukhari, Editor of
the Srinagar-based Rising
Kashmir, said.
An intra-Kashmir journalist workshop, a joint effort of the Kashmir
Initiative Group, the Kashmir Institute of Internation-

of hunger. Women are increasingly seen, by men as


well as women, as active
agents of change: the dynamic promoters of social transformations that can alter the
lives of both women and
Access to farming
men, Ms. Lagarde said, quThe Food and Agriculture oting economist Amartya
Organisation, she said, has Sen. The world has a unique
estimated that giving women moment of opportunity, she
the same access to farming told the meet, according to
resources as men could in- an official statement. We
crease output in developing must seize it
countries by up to 4 per cent
lifting over 100 million out
CONTINUED ON PAGE 12

CM
YK

CONTINUED ON PAGE 12

Only apolitical
reports will be
exchanged for now
al Relations and the Centre
for Peace, Development and
Reforms, was held in Pakistan in the last week of
August.
It is unique as journalists
on both sides [of Jammu and
Kashmir] are able to interact at this level for the rst
time in 70 years. This provides an opportunity to get
direct information, Ejaz
Abbasi, president of the
PoK-based Kashmir Journalist Forum, said.

Government backing
The PoK government has
decided to support the initiative. We welcome any
measure aimed at connecting the divided parts of Jammu and Kashmir, said PoK
Prime Minister Chaudhry
Abdul Majid, a leader of the
Pakistan Peoples Party.
ND-ND

2|

CITY

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

D E L H I

Sep 07, Mon

Sep 08, Tue

Sep 09, Wed

RISE 06 02 SET 18 36

RISE 06 03 SET 18 35

RISE 06 03 SET 18 34

RISE 00 43 SET 14 31

RISE 01 36 SET 15 19

RISE 02 29 SET 16 03

TRUMPET CALL

PHOTOGRAPHER RAJESH BEDI SHOOTS ELEPHANTS TO CREATE AWARENESS

On a mammoth tusk
Staff Reporter

igers have been a favourite with


wildlife photographers in the
country for years, considering
the luck and timing required to
capture them due to their dwindling
numbers.
Elephants,
meanwhile, are more common to
spot as they often stray into human habitation and can be domesticated.
To capture them in their myriad moods is a delight, keeping in
mind their unique physical features and the majestic aura they
exude. The animals even smile
for the camera occasionally, as
they did in some of the frames
captured by photographer Rajesh Bedi, which are on display as
part of his exhibition at the Visual Art Gallery, India Habitat
Centre.
Titled Elephant- The Divine
Mystery, the exhibition showcases the skill of the photographer, besides acting as a platform
to sensitise people about the
need to protect the animal and
prevent its extinction.
The 40 close-up frames Bedi
has captured reect the bond an
elephant herd shares. The photographer, who has been fascinated with the shy giants ever
since he was a kid who would

WE CANNOT KNOW THE MIND OF AN


ELEPHANT, BUT THESE INTELLIGENT,
EXPRESSIVE CREATURES SHARE
MUCH WITH US. INTENSELY SOCIAL
ANIMALS, THEY HAVE LARGE BRAINS,
FAMOUSLY LONG MEMORIES
AND APPEAR TO EXPRESS A WIDE
RANGE OF EMOTIONS

Titled Elephant- The Divine Mystery, the exhibition is


on at the India Habitat Centre till September 10.
PHOTOS: SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT

explore the forests near his home


in Haridwar, shows how spending days in jungles across India
enabled him to capture rare moments in the lives of elephants.

Photographing wildlife requires immense knowledge


about the subject, which is
gained through experience in
tracking animals on foot and

spending days observing their


natural behaviour. According to
Bedi, We cannot know the mind
of an elephant, but these intelligent, expressive creatures share
much with us. Intensely social
animals, they have large brains,
famously long memories and
they appear to express a wide
range of emotions.
India without elephants is unthinkable, and yet, fewer than
30,000 of them remain today.
The relentless expansion of agriculture and industry is closing in
on the last fragments of natural
forests and grasslands.
Straying outside these enclaves, as they often do, elephants inevitably enter into
violent conict with man, which
also nds space in Bedis frames,
leading to a larger debate that
expands beyond photographs in
the gallery.
What makes the exhibition a
delight for the viewers are the
small captions posted with every
picture. They recount the story
behind every picture, with one of
them recounting how the photographer was chased by an elephant while taking a shot.
A close-up of the eyes, the patterns the folded trunks make,
and a perspective photo that asks
whether the photograph is of the
front or back of the elephant
makes for some captivating
viewing. Bedi also attempts to
capture the way elephants are
used in temples, and shares images of how the animals are
hunted for their tusks. The exhibition is on till September 10.
For feedback, please mail us at
cityeditordelhi@thehindu.co.in

A different story frame


Diksha Bijlani
NEW DELHI: Photo stories have

the tendency to evoke an emotion, says Arjun Kamath, a


28-year old photographer
from Los Angeles. In his photo
story titledComing Out,
which is creating waves on social media, Kamath depicts
two women Alpana and
Maitreyi hesitantly coming
out of the closet. They are
blessed by a transgender
woman, Parvala, who herself
came out not very long ago.
The couple has an intimate
time together, but soon social
demons take over, for they
have sinned by not loving a
man. Alpana and Maitreyi are
burnt in the same closet they
came out of.
I wanted to portray that
they come out trusting the
world outside, but they are not
going to be treated fairly. I
wanted to do something soulful? Kamath toldThe Hindu.
For an issue that has often
been debated on, the photo
story has received a commendable response. One of
the comments read, This is

Arjun Kamaths photo story titledComing Out is


creating waves on social media.
PHOTO: SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT

very tastefully done. You have sy. Also, people sleep peacerepresented the angst of com- fully at night if they get happy
ing out in the most sensible endings. I wanted this photo
and soft manner. The tonality story to be so disturbing that it
of your images is perfect for would stay with them, he
the forlorn yet intimate feel- said. Kamaths hometown is
ing of the whole experience.
Bengaluru. He studies lmWhy the negative ending? making in LA and is currently
A lot of people who are shar- working on a documentary on
ing the story harbour homo- Nudity and Art.
(Diksha Bijlani is an intern
phobic tendencies in real life. I
wanted to hint at this hypocri- with The Hindu)

Four new ticket CINEMA


counters
Staff Reporter
NEW DELHI: Starting from September 6, the Northern Railway has opened railway
reservation counters at four
locations New Delhi Railway station, Delhi Main (Old
Delhi), Sarojini Nagar and
Hazrat Nizamuddin.
While counters are open
only on Sunday mornings,
these new counters would also be open between 2 p.m.
and 8 p.m. on Sundays. Railways has started this as an
experiment that will run for
one month, after which a decision to continue the facilities would be taken.

PHANTOM (New Release: Saif


Ali Khan, Katrina Kaif): Delite, Shiela,
Regal, Liberty, Milan, Batra, Samrat,
Aakash, Suraj, Supreme, Lokesh, Suraj, Ritz, Abhishek Cineplex, Gagan,
Amba, Golcha, Cinemax, G3S (Rohini), PVR (Plaza, Rivoli, Priya, Saket,
Citywalk, Naraina, Vikaspuri, Prashant Vihar, EDM, Mahagun, Opulent),
M2K (Rohini, Pitampura), FUN (Moti
Nagar, Pitampura, Laxmi Nagar, Karkardooma), DT (Saket, Shalimar Bagh,
Vasant Kunj), Movie Time (Raja Garden, Pitampura), Satyam (Patel Nagar,
Janakpuri, Nehru Place), Wave (Raja
Garden, Noida, Kaushambi), BIG
(Odeon, Noida, Vaishali, Kaushambim
Greater Noida), Chaudhary (Ghaziabad), Movie World and Silver City
(Ghaziabad), Inox and Q Cinemas
(Faridabad.

BAANKEY KI CRAZY BARAAT (New Release: Sanjay Mishra,


Rajpal Yadav, Vijay Raaz): PVR (Plaza,
Rivoli, Priya, Saket, Citywalk, Naraina, Vikaspuri, Prashant Vihar, EDM),
M2K (Rohini, Pitampura), FUN (Moti
Nagar, Pitampura, Laxmi Nagar, Kar-

kardooma), DT (Saket, Shalimar Bagh,


Vasant Kunj), Movie Time (Raja Garden, Pitampura), Satyam (Patel Nagar,
Janakpuri, Nehru Place), Wave (Raja
Garden, Noida, Kaushambi), BIG
(Odeon, Noida, Vaishali, Kaushambi),
Spice (Noida), JAM Shipra, Galaxie,
Movie World and Silver City
(Ghaziabad).
KAUN KITNEY PAANI MEIN:
(New Release: Kunal Kapoor, Radhika
Apte, Gulshan Grover): G3S (Rohini),
PVR (Plaza, Rivoli, Priya, Saket, Citywalk, Naraina, Vikaspuri, Prashant Vihar, EDM, Mahagun, Opulent), FUN
(Moti Nagar, Pitampura, Laxmi Nagar,
Karkardooma), DT (Saket, Shalimar
Bagh, Vasant Kunj), Movie Time (Raja
Garden, Pitampura), Satyam (Patel
Nagar, Janakpuri, Nehru Place), Wave
(Raja Garden, Noida, Kaushambi),
BIG (Odeon, Noida, Vaishali, Kaushambi), SRS Cinemas, Spice (Noida).
BOOKING ENQUIRIES: PVR
51513391;
Spice
Gold
012043890000; Satyam Cinemas
25797385; Delite 23272903;
Wave 51832222

Published by N. Ram at Kasturi Buildings, 859 & 860, Anna Salai, Chennai-600002 and Printed by S. Ramanujam at HT Media Ltd. Plot No. 8, Udyog Vihar, Greater Noida Distt. Gautam Budh Nagar, U.P. 201306, on behalf of KASTURI & SONS LTD., Chennai-600002. Editor: Malini Parthasarathy (Responsible for selection of news under the PRB Act).

CM
YK

ND-ND

CITY

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

|3

CNG FITNESS SCAM

CHARGE SHEET LEAKAGE REPORTS TO BE SUBMITTED TODAY

One scam, two reports


F
Jatin Anand

actionalism within the Delhi governments anti-graft body is expected to surface yet again on
Monday with one side likely to
suggest a Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) probe and the
other likely to ignore an inquiry
to investigate the preparation of a
charge sheet related to the CNG
fitness scam.
Deputy Chief Minister Manish
Sisodia had, last Wednesday,
asked both the chiefs of the AntiCorruption Branch (ACB) Joint
Commissioner of Police Mukesh
Kumar Meena and Additional
Commissioner Surender Singh
Yadav to inquire into and submit
separate reports on the preparation of and the leakage of information about the charge sheet by
11 a.m. today.
The bitter feud between the
two entities over whose writ ran
supreme over the Delhi government ACB has been triggered
mainly in reaction to the Delhi
governments nod to re-open investigation in the case on June 6.
While sources close to Mr.
Meena said he was likely to ignore the request, those close to
Mr. Yadav said he was likely to
recommend a CBI probe on the
same failing which more time
would be sought to prepare a de-

THE CHARGE SHEET, WHICH WAS


SUBMITTED TO A CITY COURT LAST
WEEK, HAS BEEN PREPARED IN LINE
WITH PROCEDURES ESTABLISHED BY
LAW,

Delhi Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia (centre) has


asked the twin chiefs of the Anti-Corruption Branch
Joint Commissioner of Police Mukesh Kumar Meena (left)
and Additional Commissioner Surender Singh Yadav to
submit separate reports.
tailed report on the matter.
The charge sheet, which was
submitted to a city court last
week, has been prepared in line
with procedures established by
law, said an ACB source close to
Mr. Meena. In light of that fact,
no other agency has the legal authority to question or expect the
allowance of its interference related to it, the source added.
Meanwhile, Mr. Yadav was understood to report to Mr. Sisodia
before the 11 a.m. deadline following which, a source said, he
would officially request the Deputy Chief Minister to refer the
matter to the CBI.
As reported by The Hindu on
September 3, the role of Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung in the
framing and submission of the
charge sheet was termed highly
suspect by a senior government
official who said that a probe by
an independent agency was necessary to get to the bottom of
both his alleged participation in
the hurried filing of the charge

Five-star hotel, SAI, Jamia


among tax defaulters
Staff Reporter
NEW DELHI: A five-star hotel, a

university and a Central Government agency are among


property tax defaulters whose
properties or accounts have
been attached by the South
Delhi Municipal Corporation.
The SDMCs Assessment
and Collection Department
has started cracking down on
property owners that have not
been paying their taxes.
The SDMC has ordered the
property of Radisson Blu Hotel in Dwarka to be attached
after insufficient funds were
found in the four bank accounts that were attached earlier. It owes Rs.4.40 crore in
property tax dues. The accounts of the Sports Authority
of India (SAI), which has dues
of Rs.134.47 crore, Jamia
Hamdard University that
owes Rs.14.89 crore and
Acharya Narendra Dev College that owes Rs.89.46 lakh
have been attached.
SDMC Joint Assessor and
Collector Radha Krishnan
said 70 farmhouses have been

sheet as well as his involvement


in the scam.
The ACB was also understood
to be in the process suggesting
disciplinary proceedings against
several officers posted in the unit,
including Mr. Meena, associated
with the preparation of the
charge sheet in relation to the
inquiry ordered by Mr. Sisodia.
If Mr. Sisodia is insistent that
investigation in the matter lie
solely with the ACB, Mr. Yadav
might seek more time for the
preparation of the report he requires, said another ACB
official.
On August 11, after a bitter
three-month tussle, the Aam
Aadmi Party-led (AAP) dispensation had one-upped L-G Najeeb
Jungs office by approving the
setting-up of the Independent
Commission to probe the scam.
For feedback, please mail us at
cityeditordelhi@thehindu.co.in

Two dead in accident


Staff Reporter

Property of Radisson
Blu Hotel in Dwarka,
accounts of Sports
Authority of India,
Jamia Hamdard
University and
Acharya Narendra
Dev College have
been attached
attached in the past few days
in Daulatpur, Kapashera,
Mehrauli, Sultanpur, Nangli
Sakrawati, Neelwal, Goyla
Khurd, Paprawat, Mitraon,
Maksundabad, Malikpur, Bijwasan, Ghitorni, Deramandi,
Gadaipur and Fatepur Beri.
Commissioner Puneet Kumar Goel said: They have
been given every opportunity
to liquidate their dues, but due
to non-compliance of the assessment orders the properties of the farmhouses have
been attached. If the defaulters dont pay up, officials said
the properties will be auctioned to raise the amount.

WEATHER WATCH (City-wise reading yesterday)


For metros highlighted, readings show max temperature

Delhi | 36.4 C

Kolkata | 35.2 C

birthday party. The car


overturned several times
NEW DELHI: Two men were
before its front portion
killed after their car
almost came off, said the
rammed the central verge
police, adding that a
between two metro pillars passerby informed the PCR.
in south west Delhis
A police team had to cut the
Cantonment, with an
upper portion of the
eyewitness claiming that
damaged vehicle to pull
the driver lost control while them out.
trying to save a pedestrian
They were rushed to the
on Sunday.
AIIMS Trauma Centre,
The victims have been
where doctors declared
identified as Puneet
them dead, said the official.
Kriplani (25), an IT
An eyewitness told the
professional who worked
police that a pedestrian
for a south Delhi-based
suddenly appeared before
multinational company,
the speeding car and the
and his college batch-mate driver took a sharp drift to
Jaideep Singh, who was
save the pedestrian.
looking for a job, the police
A case has been
said. The accident took
registered at the Delhi
place last night, when
Cantonment police station
Puneet and Jaideep were
and the exact cause of the
heading towards Vasant
accident is being probed,
Kunj to attend a friends
the official added.

DELHI TODAY
Art: A Dash of Colour group
exhibition of Artworks at Gallery No. 7,
Lalit Kala Akademi, 11 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Exhibition: An exhibition of
prints and watercolours by M.F. Husain
and Devraj Dakoji at Triveni Kala Sangam, 11 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Exhibition: Mystery And Mood,
an exhibition of paintings & sculptures
by Shekhar Ballari, Rangaswamy D., Sukesha B. C, K. V. Shankar, Ganesh Dodamani at India Habitat Centre, 10 a.m.
to 7 p.m.
Talk: Restoring Municipal Finances by Dr. Isher Ahluwalia,
ICRIER Chairperson, at IHC, 7 p.m.
Lecture: Mithak Aur Yatharth Ka
Dwand: Jaat Khaap Panchayaton Ke
Vishesh Sandarbh Mein Ek Aitihasik
Vishleshan by Surajbhan Bharadwaj at
Nehru Memorial and Museum and Library, 3 p.m.
Screening: The Invisible (R)evolutions special film screening at Alliance Franaise, 7 p.m.
(Mail your listings for this column at
cityeditordelhi@thehindu.co.in)

Mumbai | 32.2 C

Man shot dead

Hyderabad | 35.5 C

NEW DELHI: A group of unidenChennai | 35.0 C

Bengaluru | 30.5 C

Image & Data: India Meteorological Department

Forecast for Monday: Heavy rainfall would occur at isolated places over
Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Rayalaseema, Coastal Karnataka,
North Interior Karnataka, South Interior Karnataka and Kerala.
Max Min
Agartala
Ahmedabad
Allahabad
Aizawl
Bengaluru
Bhopal
Bhubaneswar
Chandigarh
Chennai
Coimbatore
Dehradun
Gangtok
Goa
Guwahati

35.1
35.3
37.1
26.4
30.5
33.8
34.4
34.1
35.0
33.6
31.3
20.6
33.0
33.3

25.2
25.4
25.4
15.7
21.3
23.8
24.5
24.0
27.7
23.5
22.1
16.6
24.0
23.5

CM
YK

Max Min
Hubballi
Hyderabad
Imphal
Jaipur
Kohima
Kolkata
Kochi
Kozhikode
Kurnool
Lucknow
Madurai
Mangaluru
Mumbai
Mysuru

32.0
35.5
30.2
38.2
23.4
35.2
32.2
35.7
35.5
37.1
35.0
33.2
32.2
32.6

21.0
23.4
21.8
27.2
16.0
26.9
24.0
25.0
26.2
24.6
25.1
24.0
23.8
21.1

Max Min
New Delhi
Patna
Port Blair
Pune
Puducherry
Raipur
Ranchi
Shillong
Shimla
Srinagar
Vijayawada
Visakhapatnam
Thiruvananthapuram
Tiruchi

36.4
36.0
31.4
32.9
34.9
34.4
34.0
23.5
22.5
29.3
35.6
33.0
32.7
34.4

25.5
26.0
23.0
21.0
26.4
26.5
22.8
15.0
14.9
14.3
25.9
27.4
24.0
25.8

tified persons opened fire at a


meat shop in outer Delhis Samaypur Badli, killing the
owner, the police said on Sunday.The deceased has been
identified as 24-year-old Ravindra Kumar. His cousin, Vipin (18), has been admitted to
a nearby hospital. PTI

Disclaimer: Readers are requested to verify &


make appropriate enquiries to satisfy
themselves about the veracity of an advertisement before responding to any published in
this newspaper. Kasturi & Sons Limited, the
Publisher & Owner of this newspaper, does not
vouch for the authenticity of any advertisement
or advertiser or for any of the advertisers products and/or services. In no event can the
Owner, Publisher, Printer, Editor, Director/s,
Employees of this newspaper/company be held
responsible/liable in any manner whatsoever for
any claims and/or damages for advertisements
in this newspaper.

Gang arrested
Staff Reporter
NEW DELHI: Five men

allegedly belonging
to an inter-State gang
of industrial storage
warehouse burglars
have been arrested.
The five accused are
allegedly involved in
over 15 cases, said
Joint CP (Crime) Ravindra Yadav.
ND-ND

4|

CITY

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

NEW SATELLITE LINK

MODI TRAVELS FROM JANPATH TO BATA CHOWK ON BADARPUR-ESCORTS (MUJESAR) METRO LINE

PM launches Faridabad corridor


Staff Reporter

rime Minister Narendra Modi on


Sunday inaugurated the Badarpur-Escorts (Mujesar) corridor
of the Delhi Metro, which will
connect the Capital with Faridabad and hoped that it would give
an impetus to economic growth
in the region.
Mr. Modi, who took a ride on
the violet line from Janpath to
Bata Chowk here, said the new
section could help boost employment opportunities in the industrial hub.
The Prime Minister said that
the economic policies of his government over the past one year
have begun to show results with
the country surviving the worst
global slowdown.
Addressing a public meeting at
Sector 12 in Faridabad in connection with the inauguration,
Mr. Modi said Hindustan was
the only country to stand firm
amid the storm of economic
slowdown across the world.
Reiterating that development was the only agenda of his
government, he said it was the
remedy for the ills of the country.
The youth want employment;
farmers want the best price for
their crops; and the elderly need
facilities. All this is possible only
with development, said Mr.
Modi.
He said that implementing
One Rank One Pension (OROP)
was not an easy decision for his

THE YOUTH WANT EMPLOYMENT;


FARMERS WANT THE BEST PRICE FOR
THEIR CROPS; AND THE ELDERLY NEED
FACILITIES. ALL THIS IS POSSIBLE
ONLY WITH DEVELOPMENT

Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the inauguration of the new metro line at Escorts
(Mujesar) station on Sunday. PHOTO: PTI
government and it could have very wide ramifications. It was
hanging fire for more than four
decades. Many governments
came and went, but failed to resolve the issue. My government
came to power on May 26 last
year and is just 15 months old.
But we had made a promise and
fulfilled it, the Prime Minister
said.
Mr. Modi said that Haryana
was second home to him as he
had spent several years in the
State after leaving Gujarat. He
said he would return the love bestowed on him by the people of
Haryana with interest.
Describing the inauguration a
historic event, Union Minister

of Urban Development M. Venkaiah Naidu said the metro


would soon be extended another
three km till Ballabhgarh in Faridabad.
He said Mr. Modi was now
known as a Maker of Modern
India and his government had
resolved several issues. Of the
300-km metro network across
India, more than 200 km was in
Delhi, said Mr. Naidu.
Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar was present
on the occasion. The new corridor with nine stations Sarai,
NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector-28, Badkal Mor, Old
Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk and Escorts

Mujesar marks the extension


of the line 6 of the Delhi Metro
from Central Secretariat to Badarpur. The entire stretch is elevated and the stations are
located on either side of DelhiMathura Road.
All the stations and depots on
this corridor are energy-efficient
with the use of LED lighting and
regenerative braking in lifts.
These stations have also been
provided with roof-top solar system of 1.9 MWp capacity to meet
the entire auxiliary power requirement.

FARIDABAD: The extension of

the metro network from


Badarpur to Escorts (Mujesar)
will make life a lot easier for
the Faridabad residents.
The 13.87-km elevated
section will not only meet the
long-pending demand of about
two lakh commuters on a daily
basis, but also make
commuting hassle-free and

help save a lot of time,


energy, and money.
It is expected to provide
people a safe, affordable,
quick, comfortable, reliable,
environment-friendly, and
sustainable transport facility.
Non-availability of a reliable
transport system has caused
congestion on the roads and
resulted in long hours of
journey, high consumption of
fossil fuel, and environment

pollution. The metro has


given the much-needed fillip
to the city and made it a sort
of extension of Delhi. With the
metro, it will hardly take
half-an-hour to reach
Connaught Place, said Rajesh
Kumar, a resident of Sector 15.
The real estate sector is
also upbeat about the entry of
metro to Faridabad. Despite a
large number of residential
colonies and commercial

READERS' MAIL
Shivaji was not feudal
Referring to the news headlined
'Historians call NDMC move
attempt to rewrite history, on
August 30, 2015, I object to the
remark made by Sohail Hashmi.
How can Mr. Hashmi call Maratha
King Shivaji feudal?
The term feudal has a very limited
context. Feudalism, according to
the Webster dictionary, means a
social system that existed in
Europe during the Middle Ages in
which people worked and fought
for nobles who gave them
protection and the use of land in
return.
To the best of my knowledge,
Shivaji never fought for his own
benefit. I welcome the NDMC for
renaming Aurangzeb Road.
Kiran Ransing,
New Delhi

Rename other roads too


The road named after prominent
Mughal ruler Aurangzeb has been
re-christened APJ Abdul Kalam
Road. It was no ordinary decision
by the New Delhi Municipal
Council.
But there are other prominent
roads in the capital such as Shanti
Path that could have been named
after the former President of
India.
Aurangzeb Road was perhaps
chosen because it reminded
everyone of a 'cruel' and
'dictatorial' Muslim ruler. In fact,
long before the change, BJP MP
Maheish Girri had demanded that
the road be renamed in order to
"correct the mistakes made in our
history.
If the benchmark for changing
names is being 'cruel' and
'dictatorial,' then many more
roads in Delhi need to be
renamed. Roads and institutions
named after Veer Savarkar must
be changed as he believed in the
two-nation theory like the Muslim
League. We must also rechristen
Shankaracharya Road.
Shamsul Islam,
New Delhi

History based on facts


CM
YK

The NDMCs decision to rename


Aurangzeb Road as Dr.A.P.J.
Abdul Kalam Road is not guided
by sound historical knowledge.
The NDMC should have consulted
historians and experts before
proposing such a move. After all
we are in a democracy and we
should promote holding of a
dialogue. Also, East Delhi MP
Maheish Girri should read
unbiased historical opinion before
commenting on the matter.
History is based on facts and not
popular notions.
M.K.S Singh,
New Delhi

No place for pet dogs


We shifted to the city two years
back and I live in the Paharganj
area of New Delhi, I have a pet dog
registered with the MCD and we
always take him out on a leash.
But, it has always been an uphill
task as the area is full stray dogs.
On June 12 this year, my dog was
bitten by these strays while out on
an evening walk. His left eye was
gouged out and we had to taken
him to a vet.
I complained to the MCD on their
website and even with the
concerned MCD zone (complaint
number 574). But more than two
months have passed and nothing
has happened.
The area is unsafe even for
morning walkers but no one
seems to care.
Dr. Anu D Dharmani,
New Delhi

Filthy, unhygienic markets


The Hindu has done yeoman
service to the citizens of Delhi by
highlighting the mess at local
markets. Filth, trash and
unhygienic conditions are all
pervasive. I live in Chittaranjan
Park and its main Market No. 1 is
littered with rubbish and garbage
at any point of time. No authority
bothers to clear the mess. The
DDA builds markets, mostly
through improper planning, and
then washes its hands off them.
Another ugly, squaluor-filled
market is in R K Puram, opposite
the upscale Vasant Vihar. In other

countries, local authorities build


nice sheds for vegetable sellers
and earmark fixed trading zones.
Cleanliness and hygiene rules are
strictly enforced. But our markets
become mini-slums in no time and
the R K Puram vegetable market is
a prime example of that.
B Basu,
New Delhi

fter the Aam Aadmi


Partys student wing,
CYSS, has printed freedom fighter Bhagat
Singhs pictures on their
pamphlets along with
Chief Minister Arvind
Kejriwals, parties are
claiming the freedom
fighter as their icon. The
BJP is contemplating to
file a complaint against
the CYSS. The Congress
has slammed Mr. Kejriwal for equating himself
with the freedom fighter.

A bizarre situation arose


in the Delhi High Court
last week when the counsels representing the
Centre and the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) government in a case relating to
the appointment of Lokayukta in the Capital
claimed that each of

till Ballabargh, the real estate


scenario is expected to
improve, said Sumit Jha, a
realtor.
NCR Chamber of Commerce
and Industry president H.P.
Yadav welcomed the
extension of metro as very
positive for the growth of the
region. But he demanded that
the Gurgaon metro be
extended till Manesar for the
betterment of the industry.

DEATH
ANNIVERSARIES

he transfer of a Delhi
Police official involved
in the execution of dozens
of anti-terror operations in
the recent past has exposed
what seems to be lack of
evaluation procedures governing routine transfers,
police sources say. The police establishment failed to
realise that the police official is a Z-category protectee, which came to the fore
only after the official reported to work with a mini
contingent of gun-toting
bodyguards on the first day
of his new assignment.
The official was assigned a new position
which consists mainly of
public interface despite an
appeal seeking a review of
his transfer. This proves
that either no background
check was conducted or
that this was a deliberate
attempt to put the officials
life in jeopardy, said a police official. The matter was
reported to the police establishment by the officials new boss who
realised the error of judgement and has since transferred the official back to
his previous department.

For feedback, please mail us at


cityeditordelhi@thehindu.co.in

complexes having come up in


a 2,500-acre area in Neharpar
over the past few years, the
occupation rate has been slow
due to poor connectivity with
neighbouring Delhi.
Those working in south
Delhi prefer to stay in Gurgaon
because of better connectivity
thus harming the real estate
in Faridabad. Now with
increased connectivity and
possible extension of metro

Metro extension to benefit two lakh commuters


Ashok Berwal

Terror buster
unfit for policing

DEATH

them was authorised to


represent
the
Lieutenant-Governor.
Central
government
standing counsel Kirtiman Singh told a Bench
of Justice V.P. Vaish that
the L-Gs office had authorised him through a
letter to appear in the
court and the L-G had no
objection in allowing an
intervention application
moved by the Leader of
Opposition in the Delhi
Assembly, Vijender Gupta, in the matter.
On the other hand, the
Delhi governments additional standing counsel, Gautam Narayan,
claimed that as per a Delhi government notification, the L-G was to be
represented by the AAP
government counsel. He
opposed Mr. Guptas intervention application in
the main writ petition
seeking prompt appointment to the vacant post
of Lokayukta.
Even as the court found
this situation perplexing,
Mr. Singh contended
that since a recent letter
of the L-G had blamed
the Delhi government for
delaying the Lokayuktas
appointment, a conflict
of interest between the
two could not be ruled
out. Mr. Gupta has taken
exception to the AAP
government not consulting him on the Lokayuktas appointment.
The Bench finally asked
both the counsels to
place on record the notifications by which they
have been authorised to
represent the L-G.
Inputs by Jatin Anand,
Maria Akram and Mohammed Iqbal

011- 43579738, 43579797


PERSONAL
CHANGE OF NAME

DEATH
ANNIVERSARIES

PUBLIC NOTICES

Apathetic MCD, PWD


Congratulations on the wonderful
series on the governments
"Swacch Bharat Abhiyan" and the
article on concretisation of Delhi's
pavements and footpaths.
While the National Green
Tribunal is trying its best to keep
the city green, inefficient
departments such as the MCD and
PWD remain oblivious. Our roads,
pavements, footpaths and
roadsides have become filthy. It is
sad to see construction waste
dumped in every corner, broken
footpaths and piled up garbage.
Delhi is becoming a large dumping
ground and it seems no one is
bothered.
I have lodged several complaints
with the MCD and the PWD but
have got no response.
Anuragini,
New Delhi

Please contact: 011-43579797


from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m

I, Princy,
D/o. Rajkumar Saini,
R/o.15 Ashoka Police Colony Kautilya Marg Chanakyapuri, New Delhi
have changed my name to Princy Saini vide affidavit dated 03September15 sworn before notary R.V.
Singh, Delhi

Honour power agreements


Long term power purchase
agreements are meant to stabilise
long term power purchase costs.
Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal is
arguing for the cancellation of
agreements with higher cost. But
in my view, only the state should
not have the right to cancel an
agreement which is not favourable
to it. The same right should also be
given to electricity producing
companies. The Chief Minister
should study the process of price
fixation.
The process is transparent and
variation in prices is mainly due to
difference in plant installation
cost. If such cancellations are
allowed, then things should be left
to market forces. In such a
situation, crores of poor people
won't be able to get power for
their domestic and agricultural
needs.
Manoj Goel,
New Delhi
ND-ND

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

CM
YK

|5

ND-ND

6|

STATE

CM
YK

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

ND-ND

|7

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

EDUCATIONAL

EDUCATIONAL

EDUCATIONAL

PACKERS

011- 43579738, 43579797


EDUCATIONAL

SITUATIONS
VACANT
GENERAL

LOST/FOUND

LEGAL NOTICE

PUBLIC NOTICES
P.G.DIPLOMA in Geriatric Care by
correspondence. Visit:www.geriatric
sindiacenter.com
04842305737,
9447165290

TENDERS

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YK

ND-ND

8|

NATION
KALBURGI MURDER

FEARS ABOUND PROBE MAY MEET SAME FATE AS DABHOLKAR, PANSARE CASES

Investigators still clueless


K.V. Aditya Bharadwaj

week after M.M. Kalburgi was


shot dead at his residence in Kalyan Nagar, Dharwad, the probe
into the case has almost hit dead
end,
leaving
investigators
clueless.
While the Central Bureau of
Investigation (CBI) is yet to take
up the case, the fact that the investigations by Karnataka police
has made no headway so far has
raised fears that the probe may
be similar to those into the murders of Narendra Dabholkar and
Govind Pansare, which are still
inconclusive.Apart from coming
out with two portraits of the assailants, we havent been able to
conclusively establish whether
the assailants spoke in Kannada
or Marathi, which could have given a direction to the probe, a
senior official said in Bengaluru,
adding that as the days passed
hope was fading.
In the absence of solid leads
from the crime scene or the call
detail records (CDR) of Kalburgi,
the CID probing the case is working to eliminate various suspects.
A senior official involved in the
probe said they had by now ruled
out property dispute within the
family and Kalburgis run-in with
government officials when he
headed two literary research
institutes.
Girish Patattanashetti reports
from Hubballi:
The families of Kalburgi, Dabholkar and Pansare have decided

did not want security.


The police just took it easy.
They should have kept an eye [on
him] this is very absurd. This is
the third time that something
like this has happened, Mr. Nandy added.
The meeting was also attended
by many eminent members of
Delhis Kannada community.

Megha Pansare, daughter-in-law of slain rationalist


Govind Pansare, met the family members of
M.M. Kalburgi in Dharwad on Sunday.
to wait for another week to see if
the CID sleuths of Karnataka
make a breakthrough in the case
before taking a delegation to
meet Chief Minister Siddaramaiah. Megha Pansare, the
daughter-in-law of slain rationalist Pansare, was in Dharwad on
Sunday along with a few others
from the Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti to meet the family
of Kalburgi.

Police are laidback:


Ashis Nandy

New Delhi Staff Reporter


writes:
A group of eminent citizens of Security withdrawn
He said that Kalburgi was proDelhi, including writers, social
thinkers and retired judges, have vided police protection, but it
sent a letter to Mr. Siddaramaiah was taken away after he said he

Indians miss Dalrymple


show on BBC
K. Venkateshwarlu
HYDERABAD: Multitude of fans

of writer-historian William
Dalrymple in Hyderabad and
India were left disappointed as
they could not watch his eagerly awaited BBC4 TV documentary, Love and Betrayal in
India: The White Mughal,
based on his much-acclaimed
book, owing to rights
agreement.

Desperate fans
As soon as Mr. Dalrymple
tweeted that his documentary
is now available on BBC
iPlayer, his fans desperately
switched from TV to laptop
and mobile to download the
app, only to see the stream
with Mr. Dalrymple in the
backdrop saying: BBC iPlayer
TV programmes are available
to play in the U.K. only. The
BBC explained that the download beyond the U.K. was not
possible because of the rights
agreement.

CM
YK

condemning the murder of Kalburgi and the slow pace of the


investigation.
Renowned sociologist Ashis
Nandy, at a meeting held in New
Delhi on Sunday, said the letter
was not just a mark of protest
against the cold-blooded murder,
but also the way the investigation
was being carried out by the local
police.
The police are so laidback
about the incident that they
questioned the neighbours three
days after the incident, Mr. Nandy said.

The BBC had readymade answer to the urry of queries


from those outside the UK on
what they can do: You can listen to most radio programmes
outside the U.K. you can also
download BBC podcasts. So
avid followers of British-Indian history, especially Hyderabadis, could not see Mr.
Dalrymples fascinating exploration of the 18thcentury love
affair between the British Resident, Col James Achilles
Kirkpatrick and their own
princess, Khairunnissa in the
very place (Residency building
in Hyderabad where Osmania
University College for Women
is now located) where the romantic story unfolded.
Understanding his fans
feelings, Mr. Dalrymple responded to the tweets, including one from this writer:
Quite disappointed. Not able
to see it in Hyderabad where
the love story unfolded. He
replied: It will be on BBC
World before long.

Kannada writer
to return
Pampa award
Staff Reporter
BENGALURU: Kannada writer
Prof. Chandrashekhar Patil,
who hails from Dharwad and
was a close associate of M.M.
Kalburgi, has announced that
he would return the prestigious
Pampa Award conferred on
him in 2009, in protest against
the murder of his friend.
Prof. Patil said that this was
the least he could do as a writer
to protest the environment
created in the country stiing
dissent and freedom of expression, that led to the murder of
Kalburgi.
He said he would meet the
Chief Minister Siddaramaiah
on Monday and return the
award which is the highest literary award given by the Karnataka Government.

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU

Telangana IAF officers


strategy to curb suicides
Ravi Reddy
HYDERABAD: Moved by the

spate of suicides by farmers


in Telangana, a serving Indian Air Force officer has come
out with a sustainable suicide prevention model,
which is likely to be replicated
by
the
State
Government.
The Chief Minister K.
Chandrasekhar Rao evinced
interest in the model, which
was elaborated in a book released earlier this week. The
man behind model is 56year-old Group Captain Gurrapu Jagadishwar Rao, a
high-ranking IAF official and
native of Kazipet in Warangal district.
Mr. Rao, who will retire
next May after chequered
service of 40 years in the IAF,
has come out with the effective and economically sustainable model based on
tried and tested ones in
vogue .

The model is likely to


be replicated by the
State Government
enced counsellors. The present 104 toll free services of
Arogyasri can be utilised
without incurring any additional expenditure to provide access through the call
centre and one-on-one consultation, he added.

Access to pesticides,
acids

Similar centres at the district level in the Government


hospitals and medical colleges were suggested.
The model lays emphasis
on restricting the access to
the means of committing suicide such as pesticides, acids,
certain medicines and re
arms. He has suggested that
no pesticides should be
stored in the homes similar
to a model which was in place
Multi-sectoral approach in Kandamangalam and KuGroup Captain Rao told rungudi villages of CuddaThe Hindu on Sunday that lore district. Pesticides could
the strategy involves com- be stored in a central locaprehensive and multi-secto- tion in lockers manned by
ral approach by integrating Government employees and
various agencies, including volunteers.
health, education, revenue,
The IAF officer has also
legal,
government
and stressed the need for taking
volunteers.
up mass awareness campaign
I had briefed the Chief through the 24x7 counselling
Minister about the model services and sensitisation
and he felt that this could be programme throughout the
implemented in the State State.
with immediate effect, Mr.
Collection of accurate data
Rao said adding that a Sui- of suicides and attempted sucide Prevention Counselling icides has been underscored
Centre in Hyderabad with in the model as it would help
24x7 counselling services the individual in seeking procould be operated by highly fessional help overcome the
qualied, trained and experi- suicidal tendencies.

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

Kerala man
held for alleged
molestation
attempt on train
Special Correspondent
KOTTAYAM: Railway Protection
Force (RPF) have arrested
one person at Kottayam railway station in connection
with the alleged sexual assault on a woman passenger
of the Thiruvananthapurambound Chennai Express. The
miscreant has been identied
as Rameez (25), son of Karim,
from Kozhikode.
According to railway police, the woman, who was
with her husband and his
brother boarded the train
from Chennai. She was assaulted by a young man early
in the day. When the woman
cried out, the man ran away
though her husband, other
passengers and the policemen in the super class tried to
chase the miscreant.
From morning, the family
got down at every station to
search for the youngster. At
Kottayam station, the woman
was able to identify the man.
The miscreant tried to escape
after pushing down the victims husband who had
caught him.

Overpowered
However, the RPF and
Railway policemen overpowered him and took him to the
RPF station here.
Though he had entered the
super class compartment, the
miscreant had only a general
compartment ticket from
Coimbatore to Thiruvananthapuram. He will be produced before court after
preliminary questioning, police said.

200 megalithic graves found on Nagarjunasagar dam bed


T. Karnakar Reddy
NALGONDA: In a rare archae-

ological nd, the Department of Archaeology and


Museums officials have
found about 200 megalithic
burial sites on the Nagarjunasagar reservoir bed.
The sites surfaced recently
after the water level in the
dam receded below the minimum draw down level
(MDDL).
The officials said people
lived there between 1,000 BC
and 2nd Century AD and
they could have used the area
located exactly under Nagarjunasagar reservoir bed as
their community burial site.
Their conclusion was

based on nding a large


number of stone circle burials at one spot.
Speaking to The Hindu,
Assistant Director of the Department of Archaeology
and Museums P. Nagaraju
said they could not say that
there were more such burial
sites under the water since
some had been spotted.
We have found proof that
the people had made the Nagarjunasagar backwater area, where the river Krishna
and its tributary Dindi converge, their habitation some
3,000 years ago with this
nding,
Mr.
Nagaraju
stated.
Several excavations in the
past had proved that civil-

The burial sites


surfaced recently
after water level in
the dam went down
below the minimum
draw down level
isations had ourished on
the river banks due to water
availability and the nding of
the burials was very close to
river would support that theory again.

An insight into lifestyle


Stating that the excavation would provide an insight into the lifestyle of
people who lived in that era,

Mr. Nagaraju said there was


a practice of burying various
belongings used by the dead
along with the body.
Such belongings will certainly help us know about
religion, food habits, occupation and others details related to the people buried
here, the Assistant Director
said adding that local people
had also informed the archaeology officials that there
was a habitation very close to
the burial site found now until Nagarjunasagar project
was constructed.
However, the inhabitants
were displaced and rehabilitated elsewhere when the Archaeology officials looking at a megalithic burial
impounding of water in the site in the dry bed of Nagarjunasagar in Nalgonda
district. PHOTO: SINGAM VENKATARAMANA
reservoir began in 1950s.

ND-ND

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

FINAL JOURNEY

PARSIS FORCED TO MAKE DO WITH SOLAR-POWERED MACHINES

With no vultures, a ritual on the brink


Yunus Y. Lasania

nlike in other religions where a


deceased persons body is cremated or buried, when a Parsi
dies, his or her body is left in the
Tower of Silence for vultures.
Though there are two such towers in Hyderabad, it has been
more than 20 years since a vulture swooped down on a dead
body, as the scavenging birds
have almost become extinct in
the city and its surrounding
areas.
Due to the disappearance of
vultures, members of the Parsi
community have installed solar
concentrators as an alternative.
The machines desiccate the bodies, though perhaps not as quickly as the scavenging birds. The
panels rotate in accordance with
the Sun, said Jahangir Bisney, a
chartered accountant and trustee
of the Parsi Zoroastrian Anjuman of Secunderabad and
Hyderabad.
The solar panels, which run on
small motors, work in accordance with Zoroastrian teachings,
which consider dead bodies impure. Burning a corpse is also not
allowed, as it would contaminate
fire, which Parsis worship. In
Hyderabad, except during the
monsoon season, there is good
heat. It is basically like a sky burial, mentioned Mr. Bisney, whose
Trust manages the Tower of Silence at Zamistanpur.
However, over the last few

for the new electrical or bio-gas


crematoriums, mentioned Ahmad (name changed). He, however, added that not following the
tradition is not seen kindly by
some members.
We offer prayers called Arangah, meaning rest in peace, for
the deceased for four continuous
days. When a person is cremated
or buried in a city where there is a
Tower of Silence, prayers are not
offered for him, as it is considered taboo, explained Mr.
Bisney.
The Tower of Silence is situatDue to the disappearance of vultures, members of the
ed in a complex called DoongerParsi community have installed solar concentrators as
wadi, which is derived from the
word Doonger, meaning mounan alternative at their Tower of Silence.
tain. In Iran, centuries ago, the
years, some Parsis have also been their bodies at the Tower of Si- structure was built at an elevated
cremating their dead family lence. Some cremate bodies in place, and not near any habitamembers, instead of keeping the Hindu burial grounds, or opt tion, said Mr. Bisney.

SOME CREMATE BODIES IN THE HINDU


BURIAL GROUNDS, OR OPT FOR THE
NEW ELECTRICAL OR BIO-GAS
CREMATORIUMS

Captive breeding proves unsuccessful


T. Lalith Singh
HYDERABAD: All efforts to revive the

critically-endangered species of
vultures in captivity at the Nehru
Zoological Park going in vain,
suggestions are being floated on
taking the project to nature.
For almost six years, the zoo has
actively been involved in the concept
of vulture breeding in captivity and in
the process, could only get two eggs
laid. Ironically, one egg slipped from
the nest, while the other hatched, but
the chick emerged with congenital
problems and died a few days later
after a vain struggle to survive.
The Nehru Zoo, till last year, had
five of these scavenger birds for
breeding before six more were added

from the Sakkarbagh Zoo of Gujarat


last November. Officials here are
waiting for the breeding season to
commence and hope for positive
outcome by the year-end. Or else,
they concede the need to scout for
alternative strategies.
The present strength of vultures at
the zoo stands at 11 with seven males
and four females. Since there are no
results despite best efforts,
something must be going wrong. It
could be pollution, high noise levels
or something else that we do not
know, said Zoo Curator Gopi Ravi.
A senior official recalled a recent
suggestion made by an expert on
shifting the breeding facility to more
sylvan surroundings on the city
suburbs. If breeding does not

happen this season, that idea could


be worth pursuing, he said.
Forest Department officials appear
to be in consonance with the idea
given the rise in the number of
vultures documented in Adilabad
district, particularly in Bejjur forest
area. The conservation efforts of the
forest officials have shown the
scavenger bird number going up to
20 plus from earlier the 10.
Chief Wildlife Warden P.K. Sharma
said, It seems better to go to nature
and forests than trying it out in
captivity at the zoo. The Adilabad
experience is quite encouraging and
need to be furthered. He too does
not see much reason in continuing
vain attempts in captivity or adding
more birds to the zoo for the project.

Three injured
in blast at
police station

Man sent bomb hoax messages


to airports to land pal in trouble

Staff Reporter

Special Correspondent

KOLKATA: Three police person-

BENGALURU: The bomb hoax at


airports in Bengaluru and
Delhi, which delayed seven
international and domestic
flights on Saturday, was the
result of a sinister plan by a
city-based sales executive to
get his friend in trouble as he
was in love with his wife.
He got a SIM in his friends
name and used the number to
send warnings on WhatsApp
of bombs going off in the two
airports. The plan fell flat and
the police picked up the sales
executive, M.J. Gokul (37),
based on the tower location
from where the messages
were generated.
The Bengaluru International Airport Limited management was rattled after
receiving a series of WhatsApp messages about bombs.
They stepped up security and
checked the entire area,

nel were injured in a blast at


Itahar police station in Bengals Uttar Dinajpur district
on Sunday morning.
Three police officials were
injured in a minor explosion
in the police station. While
one of them received injuries
in his eyes and has been hospitalised, two received minor
injuries and were discharged
after first aid, Addition Superintendent of Police, Uttar
Dinajpur, Milan Majumdar
told The Hindu.

Country-made bomb
Mr. Majumdar said they
were yet to pinpoint the cause
of the explosion.
But primarily it seems
that some old country-made
bomb, confiscated from criminals, might have exploded,
he said.

|9

NATION

NOIDA/DELHI

Gokul claimed that he


wanted to get his friend
arrested, as he was in
love with his wife.
which led to postponement of
flights. Meanwhile, the city
police swung into action and,
within few hours of the incident, tracked down the mobile number, from which the
messages were sent, to a residence in HSR Layout.
Though the SIM was registered in the name of a software engineer, the timing of
the WhatsApp messages and

Making it to the top

the tower location did not


match that of his movements.
Police were puzzled on learning that the man was not even
in the city when the messages
were sent. This led to them to
suspect Gokul who stays in
the same residential complex.
Call records showed that he
was in touch with the mans
wife.
When questioned, Gokul
claimed that he wanted to get
his friend arrested, as he was
in love with his wife. Hence,
he sent messages about
bombs from a SIM registered
in his friends name. He
claimed that his friends wife
knew of the plan and helped
him gather the documents
necessary to procure the SIM.
According to sources, Gokul
also admitted to murdering
his wife in June and making it
appear as an accidental death.
The police said two persons
have been detained.

NEW DELHI: Suspecting their

complicity, the Central Bureau of Investigation is all set


to question some Bank of
Maharashtra officials in a Rs.
800-crore non-performing
assets case against the Suratbased fleet operator Siddhi
Vinayak Logistics Ltd.

Loans siphoned off


The company, which has a
fleet of about 6,000 trucks,
tops the banks list of defaulters. The agency registered
the case on a complaint
lodged recently by the bank

Sathish G.T.
SIGARANAHALLI (HASSAN): The
Scheduled Castes community
at Sigaranahalli in Holenarsipur taluk is furious after the
upper caste people of the village imposed a penalty on four
Dalit women for entering a
temple.
The women have refused to
pay the penalty arguing that
they too have rights to enter
the temple as they contribute
money to organise its festival.
When The Hindu visited
the village on Sunday,
Thayamma, in her late 50s,
came down heavily on the upper castes for questioning her
entry into the Sri Basaveshwara Temple, constructed in
2001.
It was on August 31 that the
four women entered the temple for a special puja held on
behalf of Sri Basaveshwara
Stree Shakti Sangha, a selfhelp group consisting of 20
members.
There were about nine
women from the Vokkaliga
community and four from Dalit families. Devaraja, a Vokkaliga, raised his voice
opposing our entry into the
temple. He said SCs are not
allowed in the temple. I questioned him. He attempted to
beat one of us, said Thayamma, a former member of the
Hariharpur Gram Panchayat.
The next day, the upper
caste people held a meeting
and resolved to impose a penalty of Rs. 1,000 on the selfhelp group, besides insisting
that the sangha hold rituals
meant for purification of the
temple, arguing that it had lost
its sanctity with the entry of
the SC women.
Sigaranahalli is about 2-km
away from Haradanahalli, the

Upper caste people have reportedly restricted the


entry of Dalits into the Sri Basaveshwara Temple
at Sigaranahalli. PHOTO: SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT.
native place of the former
Prime Minister H.D. Deve
Gowda.

Community hall
A few years ago, a community hall was built here by the
Hassan Zilla Panchayat.
Mr. Deve Gowda also contributed funds from his MP
Local Area Development
Fund. But now, the community hall has been converted into
Vokkaliga Bhavan, restricting
the entry of Dalits.
Thayamma recalled that
she was denied permission to
organise her daughters marriage in the community hall in
2001.
They did not handover the
keys of the hall, though they
had earlier agreed to rent it
out. It was a tough time for me.
I had to organise the marriage

outside my house, she said.


Padmamma, another woman in the Scheduled Castes
colony, said last year a teenage
boy, who had gone inside the
community hall to have food
at a function organised by the
upper caste people, was driven out mercilessly. The hall
was built using government
funds. We Dalits do not have
an alternative place to hold
our programmes. We need the
right to enter community
hall, she added.
When The Hindu brought
the issue to the notice of N.R.
Purushottam, district social
welfare officer, said restricting the entry of Dalits into a
temple or a community hall
amounts to violation of laws.
I will get details from the
people concerned and take appropriate action, he said.

A view of Tirupati , from the skies


Heli-tourism project to take off in the temple town from September 16
K. Umashanker
CHITTOOR: The Chittoor district tourism wing is gearing
up to launch Heli-Tourism
in Tirupati from September
16, coinciding with the annual
Brahmotsavams of Lord Venkateswara at Tirumala.
Initially, the project would
take off with three helicopters, covering two popular
temples of Lord Kalyana Venkateswara at Srinivasa Mangapuram at the foot of
Tirumala Hills; Goddess Padmavathi Ammavari temple at
Tiruchanur; and historical
Fort of Vijayanagara period at
Chandragiri, all within a radius of 15 km, followed by a 20minute aerial view of Tirupati
to the tourists.
Speaking to The Hindu,
District Tourism Officer, D.V.
Chandramouli Reddy, said
that the heli-tourism project
in Tirupati was conceived by

CBI to question bank


officials in NPA case
Devesh K. Pandey

Dalits fume over fine on women


for entering Karnataka temple

alleging that the company got


loans sanctioned for its Chalak Se Malak scheme for its
truck drivers. The entire
amount was allegedly siphoned off.
A large number of accounts were opened in several
branches of the bank, particularly in Pune, to disburse the
loan amount for 2,300 trucks.
However, the bank did not receive any refund. The loan
amount, apart from the interest accrued, was declared
NPA last December. We need
to verify if some bank officials
were part of the conspiracy,
said a CBI official.

The package will cover two major temples and the


Chandragiri fort, followed by a 20-minute aerial
view of Tirupati. FILE PHOTO: M. PRABHU
district collector Siddarth
Jain, following the success of
the same project in Godavari
districts during the recently
concluded Godavari maha
pushkarams. This new feature will bolster the image of
the tourism industry and
bring in the much-required
world-class touch to the sec-

tor, he said.
Similarly, the tourism department has mooted a project to introduce the package
tour on Tirumala hills, covering the picturesque locations of Akasa Ganga, Japali
Theertham,
Papavinasam,
and Srivari Padalu. This
would enable operating of

Tourism vehicles on Tirumala. As of now, the pilgrims are


depending on private jeeps
and APSRTC buses to visit
these places.
Mr Reddy said that proposals were ready to develop tourism potential at Gudivanka
and Kuppam at a cost of Rs 5
crore; and the ancient Shiva
temples at Moghili and Gudimallam at a cost of Rs. 2 crore.
Meanwhile, the District
Tourism Officer said that the
department will celebrate
World Tourism Day at Shilparamam at Tirupati on September 27. Tourism lovers
are sought to submit their entries in two categories of Best
Tourism photography and
documentary, covering locations in Chittoor district. The
entries should reach the tourism office here on or before
September 24. The winners
would be presented with
prizes on September 27.

ISRO to help put railway


safety back on track
NEW DELHI: The Indian Rail-

ways will join hands with the


Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to get online
satellite imagery for improving safety and enhancing
efficiency.
We will undertake a massive exercise of GIS [Geographical
Information
System] mapping of the entire rail route and assets including buildings, land,
workshops and other facilities in the network using geospatial technology, said a
senior Railway Ministry official involved with the GIS

mapping project.
The technology involves
GPS (Global Positioning System), GIS, and remote
sensing.
The official said geospatial
services would be available
from satellite-assisted navigational support through the
GPS-aided geo-augmented
navigation (GAGAN) system
of ISRO.
We will sign an MoU with
ISRO shortly, the official
said.
The MoU will facilitate getting images and communications through the satellite

system. While the images will


help map the area, communications will enable the introduction of Wi-Fi service in
trains in a larger way. The
technology will come in
handy during accidents to ascertain the exact location of
trains and the topography.
The satellite images will be
used for geo-fencing of stations for the paperless ticketing system. Geo-fencing is a
virtual barrier which uses
GPS or radio frequency identification to define geographical boundaries.
PTI

Civic body in Mumbai proposes 8-day


ban on meat during Jain fasting period
Special Correspondent
MUMBAI: In a resolution passed

A Govinda mandal breaking dahi handi on the occasion of


Janmashtami in Mumbai on Sunday. PHOTO: PTI
CM
YK

on Saturday by the neighbouring Mira Bhayander Municipal


Corporation (MBMC), the
Bharatiya Janata Party proposed a ban on animal slaughter and sale of meat for eight
days during the Jain fasting period Paryushan, going against
the government policy of twoday ban.
The resolution, moved by
BJP corporator Dinesh Jain,
was opposed by the partys ally
Shiv Sena, who was backed by
the Opposition Congress-Nationalist Congress Party com-

bine. However, the BJP won


with two votes in the general
body meeting.
Though the Maharashtra
government circular says the
ban should be for two to three
days, we proposed that mutton
shops and abattoirs should be
shut for all the ten days from
September 10 to 18, during the
fasting period. The Jain, who
number over a lakh in the 8.5
lakh population of the city had
requested that no animals
should be slaughtered during
this time, BJP MLA Narendra
Mehta told The Hindu.
The resolution was thus
moved in view of the senti-

ments of the Jain community.


However, Opposition said
the resolution had no teeth
without the backing of the government policy.
Over the above the days
stipulated in the government
circular, you can only request.
You cannot pressure anyone to
shut shop. The Corporation
Commissioner resolution will
have to send the resolution to
the government for approval
and the government will not
amend its policy only for MiraBhayander, Prashant Dalvi,
one of the Sena corporators,
who was not present during
the voting told The Hindu.
ND-ND

10 |

EDITORIAL

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

Us, them and an elusive peace


Malem Ningthouja

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

Mentors
and agendas
hat the Bharatiya Janata Party is organically
tied to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is no
secret. Senior BJP leaders constantly reiterate
their links with the Sangh Parivar, and RSS
sanghchalaks never tire of offering advice and guidance to the BJP top brass. A private meeting between
leaders of the two organisations should not ordinarily
have caused concern. After all, political, cultural or social organisations must be free to hold closed-door discussions on policies and programmes. But what took
place at the samanvay baithak, or coordination meeting,
between the BJP and the RSS was much more than an
interaction between the party and its ideological mentor. It was not just senior BJP leaders who were in
attendance: Prime Minister Narendra Modi and most of
his ministerial colleagues from the BJP lined up for the
meeting that seemed more like an inquisition than an
interaction. Why an elected BJP government feels it is
accountable to the secretive RSS is not difficult to fathom, given the history of Hindutva politics that is sometimes micro-managed through remote-control by the
sanghchalaks. But the meeting is invested with a meaning that goes beyond the political interests of the RSS or
the BJP, and relates to the accountability of an elected
government to democratic institutions and processes.
The samanvay baithak is surely an indication of the
sense of ownership that RSS sanghchalaks feel over this
government, the rst BJP-led government that does not
depend on the support of allies. In the 2014 Lok Sabha
election, RSS volunteers, in numbers greater than ever
before, were involved in the campaign and eldwork for
the BJP. After the BJP secured a majority, many among
them seemed to believe the government ought to have
followed a core Hindutva agenda. But if the BJP managed to extend its support base beyond its traditional
strongholds, it was on account of the party adopting a
more inclusive programme of growth and development.
While he did not always rein in Ministers and leaders
speaking the language of religious hatred and communal
divisiveness, Mr. Modi was himself all political correctness. But his participation in the meeting, and his speech
its contents unpublicised in which he described
himself as an RSS swayamsevak, have again raised
doubts about the direction his government is taking. It is
not as if A.B. Vajpayee, the only other Prime Minister
from the BJP, did not have discussions or meetings with
RSS leaders while in power. However, a meeting of this
kind, with almost all the Union Ministers from the BJP
present with report cards, is unprecedented. Clearly, the
RSS is seeking to appropriate for itself the role of an
extra-constitutional super-parliament, accountable to
none but its own sanghchalaks. A coordination meeting
of this kind, by whatever name it is called, raises serious
questions about the functioning of the government,
about hidden agendas and opaque decision-making .

Manipur has often been the setting for


violent agitations, with those behind them
demanding the implementation of an Inner
Line Permit (ILP) system in order to dene
and protect insiders from buying up land
on the one hand, and from the unregulated
entry of outsiders on the other. All this can
be traced to the core in the agitations of
1920, 1935, and 1965, when sections targeted
the outsider monopoly in trade. The agitations, in 1980, 1994, and from 2006 onwards, have been primarily against
unregulated immigrants who bought up land
and immovable properties.
The agitations have been motivated by the
situation that has set alarm bells ringing following unrestrained demographic pressure
by outsiders and the need for an ILP as it
exists in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and
Nagaland. The ILP is required for other Indian citizens to enter Arunachal Pradesh,
Nagaland and Mizoram. The objective has
been to prevent outsiders from buying up
land and owning natural resources in Manipur. But these stirs have been conned to the
Manipur valley, which is about 9 per cent of
the geographical area and where 61.54 per
cent of the enumerated population (Census
2001) comprises the majority community
Meitei, tribals and others living together. Interpretations of the campaign have been
along communal lines, probably because it
was concentrated in the valley and led by
Meitei-based organisations.

The violence in Manipur is linked to


unrestrained demographic pressure by
outsiders and the cry for an Inner Line Permit
system. The role of vested interests and intercommunity tensions have exacerbated this
ment for the setting up of military establishments and other infrastructure, which led to
systematic reduction of areas under primary
economic activities. Second, Meiteis have
been in the fore front of this as despite their
known achievements in arts and culture,
sport and other skills, they are deeply apprehensive of being marginalised and facing insecurity in Manipur.
This needs to be explained in detail. Despite the perception that identies the Meitei
with the valley, in reality, the valley is liberally open to all who can buy and own land and
resources. This situation is what has promoted the large-scale migration of tribals and
outsiders from other parts of India and also
Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh. It is a one
way migration that has deeply affected the
psyche of many Meiteis, as they, as a result of
being clubbed with non-tribals, are now constitutionally not permitted to own land both
in the vast tracts of government reserved

projects, mining, and also oil exploration and


drilling at the cost of the people and the
ecology. Many have upheld that the implementation of the ILP or a similar law can act
as a form of restraint to unregulated immigration and also prevent outsiders and
companies/industry from taking control
over the land and resources, especially in the
valley, where there has been no protective
law ever since the permit system was lifted by
the Government of India in November 1950.
Following violent agitations that have often lasted months, the Government of Manipur and the Joint Committee on the Inner
Line Permit System in Manipur (JCILPS)
arrived at an agreement. Thus, on August 31,
2015, the Manipur Legislative Assembly
passed three Bills, which were not to the
complete satisfaction of pro-ILP sections.
These are the Protection of Manipur People
Bill 2015, which has xed 1951 as the base
year to detect outsiders; the Manipur Land

Meiteis, in their demand for an ILP, consider the migration of


tribals as a sign of integration and do not oppose it. What they
are critical of and apprehensive about are the outsiders.

areas in the valley and in the hills of Manipur.


However, the Meiteis consider the migration
The apparent Meitei orientation of the ag- of tribals as a sign of integration and do not
itation has been obvious since minimal tribal oppose it; what they are critical of and apprepresence in the valley has been juxtaposed hensive about are the outsiders.
with Meitei predominance and tribal organisations in the hills that have deliberately A form of restraint
Many Meiteis are worried that the numermaintained an opaqueness about a supporting role. A visible role for the Meitei is clear ical strength and growth of outsiders have
as defending the territorial integrity of Mani- now reached alarming proportions and there
pur is dear to them and as they have been the is a situation where they outnumber several
front runners in being associated with other small communities in Manipur; according to
popular movements to protect land and re- the 2001 census, there are 9.18 lakh Meiteis
sources from being consumed by controver- and others, 6.70 lakh tribals and 7.04 lakh
outsiders. They predict a socio, cultural and
sial projects.
The ILP agitation has been the brainchild economic domination by outsiders as a result
of Meitei organisations for two basic reasons. of large-scale migration, especially after the
First, its geographical epicentre has been the extension of railway lines, trans-Asian highvalley where there has been increasing pres- ways and the expansion of market corridors
sure on land as a result of population growth. towards Southeast Asian countries. They are
This includes migrations by outsiders and also worried about unrestrained land grabcontinuous land grabbing by the govern- bing in Manipur to facilitate hydro-electric

Geo-community projection

Revenue and Land Reforms Amendment Bill


2015, and the Manipur Shops and Establishments Bill 2015. These Bills are being strongly opposed by the tribal organisations in the
Manipur hill districts, particularly those of
the Kuki Chin Mizo-based organisations, and
which have now been supported by Nagabased organisations as well.

Inter-community tensions
Kuki organisations have opposed the ILP
movement from spreading in Churachandpur and Chandel districts, which led to a
violent clash on August 18, at the border town
of Moreh. They have charged the Bills as
being evidence of Meitei expansionism in the
hills to expel a large section of Kukis. The
propaganda has been appealing to many who
are unhappy with the anti-Kuki stance and
refugee tag attributed to them by individuals from other communities. There has also
been rivalry between Kuki underground or-

CARTOONSCAPE

The gag on
Greenpeace
or a while now, Greenpeace has been in the
cross hairs of the government, rst under the
UPA and now under the BJP, as it championed
civil liberties and causes. Its activists have been
prevented from travelling abroad. The non-governmental organisation (NGO) stands accused of concealing and
mixing foreign contributions with local contributions.
The latest step by the Ministry of Home Affairs simply
cancelling Greenpeaces registration was but an expected next stage in the chain of events leading to a gag that is
meant to choke. The obvious assumption is that without
funds Greenpeace in India will not be able to function.
This has come even as a petition from Greenpeace seeking release of funds to pay its staff, and alleging arbitrariness in the governments action, is before the Delhi High
Court. The action taken under the Foreign Contribution
Regulation Act (FCRA) which many NGOs say is a bad
application of a poorly drafted piece of legislation
means Greenpeace will not be able to receive any foreign
donations. The move has made other NGOs vulnerable
too; they face a tough choice, of either complying with
the governments line, or fading out. The media have
reported that the invoking of the provisions of the Act
followed certain actions by Greenpeace that were
deemed inimical to the economic interests of the state.
Everything from placing advertisements in newspapers
to organising protests against the Kundankulam nuclear
plant to anti-nuclear activism, was deemed inimical.
Already there is word of some NGOs trying to tailor their
activities to suit the interests of the government. What
can a democratically elected government possibly
achieve by enforcing such compliance and conformity?
Also, it is time to have another look at the FCRA.
Passed in 1976 and amended in 2010, it has come in for
criticism not only for the overarching control it seeks to
have over people-based movements but also for the
guidelines framed around it. The MHA is now changing
the rules, spelling out what NGOs are required to do,
even seeking to scrutinise their social media engagement. Whether the MHA should be looking into expenditure incurred by an NGO to teach street children, for
instance, is a moot question. There is hypocrisy involved
when some political parties are free to receive corporate
donations, especially from abroad, without any questions asked. Equally, all NGOs must respect the law of
the land, maintain transparency and remain above
board: admittedly, there are some black sheep. Most of
them comply; some dont. But that should be no excuse
to gag. Civil liberties and free speech go hand in hand.
The government will be ill-advised to trample on these.

CM
YK

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

Letters emailed to letters@thehindu.co.in must carry the full postal address and the full name or the name with initials.

defence personnel on the subject of


OROP, but one needs to make a few
In the last few days, the war-like observations (OROP rolled out,
rhetoric on both sides from highly but veterans want more, Sept.6).
placed civil and military officials The veterans should gracefully
has
assumed
alarming accept what has been offered as
proporations. Pakistan has been they should understand that there
brandishing the nuclear deterrent are millions in this country who are
while on our side no less a person not fortunate enough to nd secure
than the Army Chief has spoken of jobs in their life time, leave alone
short wars. As one who has been dream of an old-age pension.
witness to all the India-Pakistan Likewise, there are millions of
conicts from 1947 onwards, I must Indians without pension benets
sound a note of caution. With even after putting in years of
enhanced technological capacity on service.
The nation is unanimous about
both sides, any war, how-so-ever
our
armed
forces
short, would have disastrous keeping
personnel happy. The government
consequences.
Apart from our brave security should also be equally responsible
forces, the people of Jammu and in avoiding such an embarrassing
Punjab, as usual, would face the situation of the kind we have
main brunt as has invariably witnessed. Both sides should now
happened in the past. In my display the requisite magnanimity
resolving
the
issue.
personal opinion, while fully in
safeguarding national security, I do Procrastination on vital matters
not see why we should not talk with should now be a thing of the past.
M.V. Nagavender Rao,
Pakistan on all outstanding issues,
Hyderabad
including Jammu and Kashmir.
They are in adverse possession of
the
package
the
half of my fathers former State, and While
I fail to understand why we are government has unveiled may be a
always on the defensive in nancial bonanza for our service
discussing this. But for this to personnel, the manner in which the
happen, the sanctity of the Line of deal was sewn up has been
Control and the International undignied. Goodwill towards our
Border needs to be re-established defence personnel will now be lost
in similar and competing demands
and peace restored.
Karan Singh, that are sure to be put out by para
MP, Rajya Sabha, military, railway and other
New Delhi government personnel (Count us
in, say railway employees and
Paramilitary forces too demand
The government may have nally OROP, both Sept.6).
came up with a reasonable solution
A. Mohan,
to the long-pending demand of our
Thiruvananthapuram

Hawkish rhetoric

Decision on OROP

ganisations and those who have been identied as being with other communities. There
could also be an element of fear as many of
them either people who might have migrated after 1951, or those whose lineages
might not have been recorded in the list criteria could be treated as outsiders. Other
tribes have also expressed similar concerns.
The overall projection of the Bills as being
pro-Meitei fails to holistically interpret the
limitations of the cut-off year of 1951. This
provision actually affects all, including some
sections of the Meiteis and others who came
to Manipur after 1951. It will also be practically difficult to detect and deport migrants
who have close ethnic bonds with one or
other indigenous communities. But the polemics of insecurity have interplayed with
the propaganda that the Manipur Land Revenue and Reform Act 1960 has been extended
to the hill districts, which is untrue as there is
no amendment in the territorial extent of the
said Act.
The recent tensions, and which have been
extensively reported in the media, might not
have occurred had the Government of Manipur dealt with the situation in a better way.
Instead of fully relying on the consent of the
tribal MLAs, it could have also consulted the
Hill Areas Committee or other responsible
tribal organisations in order to resolve any
misunderstanding, before passing the Bills.
On the other hand, neither the organisation
that had led the ILP movement nor the tribal
organisations who protested against the Bills
had approached each other for mutual consent in this regard. The Kuki and Naga organisations were not insensitive to the primary
objective of the cut-off year of 1951, as being
primarily to target the ethno-culturally, distinguishable outsiders from other parts of
India, Nepal and Bangladesh. They wanted to
magnify the controversies arising from these
Bills in order to invoke community sentiment, consolidate their respectively fractured communities, and to intensify the
demand for either VI Schedule status for the
tribes or different administrative systems for
Kukis and Nagas. In this, there is tactical
unity between Naga and Kuki organisations.
This is understandable in the context of Naga
enthusiasm towards the speeding up of some
kind of pan-Naga integration under the proposed framework of the recent Peace Accord.
This is something that the Kuki organisations are concerned about as this inspires the
Kuki-based undergrounds that are under
the Suspension of Order (SoO) with the government, to speed up their agenda to have
either Pan Zomi Reunication or autonomous administration. The recently leaked
Kuki National Organisations proposal to the
National Socialist Council of Nagalim (IsakMuivah) or NSCN-IM asserts: Historically,
the [Meetei or Manipur] Kingdom consisted
of the valley areas, which today form the
valley districts of Manipur The Kuki and
Naga peoples shall mutually respect one anothers identity and territory and maintain
the best of fraternal relations and work together to preserve peace in the land and usher in progress and human welfare in the Kuki
and Naga states.
Now, when tensions have been fanned,
there seems to be the role of certain vested
political groups to add fuel to the re in order
to magnify the issue of unrest, and, in turn,
use this as a reason to justify the imposition
of President's rule in order to unseat the
incumbent Congress government. In this
there is an interplay of political demagogy,
adventurism and speculation. Unrest, rioting
and repression have led to a heavy toll in
terms of civilian life, the destruction of property and a creation of tension. If the Bills are
the issue, is there no room to either clear the
misunderstandings or add some clauses in
the Bills to resolve the tension? If the Bills
are just the spark, what role should the Government of India be playing to scale down the
tensions? The question now is this: who will
negotiate for peace with whom, at what cost,
and for what purpose?
(Dr. Ningthouja is a Fellow at the Indian
Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, and the
author of three books on Manipur.)

Our veterans may have won the


main battle. The government has
placed a mug of coffee before them,
yet they claim that it is halfavoured. If there are more
demands, the doors are not yet
closed. Wise counsel should now
prevail and the government and
defence personnel should now sit
together and sort out remaining
differences and demands.
Seetharam Basani,
Warangal, Telangana
One has high regard for our defence
personnel, for their patriotism and
yeomen service towards the nation,
but it is unfortunate that they are
not completely happy with the
decision. Over the years, the
bargaining power of different
sections of society has gone up with
governments being compelled to
accept ever growing demands. A
major chunk of revenue now goes
towards the payment of salaries
and pensions. In the process, how
can the government ignore the
plight of farmers? The slogan Jai
Jawan, Jai Kisan should have
some meaning.
Kshirasagara Balaji Rao,
Hyderabad

Akhand Bharat
Akhand Bharat is an outdated
concept (Akhand Bharat idea
behind RSS cover for talks with
Pak.? Sept.6). Whether the
partition of India, in 1947, was
articial or natural is irrelevant
today. Muslim majority areas were
named Pakistan (east and west) and
those who thought their future lay
there migrated there. The residual

Hindu population in Pakistan


moved over to India. Thus,
Partition, on religious lines, was
both complete and absolute. The
arrangement has appeared to work
very well. RSS leaders must think
more rationally and stop talking
about Akhand Bharat anymore.
M. Subrahmanyan,
Chennai
As Commandant of the Rashtriya
Indian Military College, Dehradun
(once the Royal Indian Military
College, established 1922), I had the
privilege of hosting quite a few
Rimcollian veterans of the Pakistan
Army. I remember Brigadier (retd.)
Karim, originally from Bihar,
sitting opposite me at the welcome
dinner, and passionately telling me,
Commandant sir, hamara zamin
ka batwara hua, dil ka nahi our
land has been partitioned, not our
hearts.
The division between India and
Pakistan was historically proven as
based on articial grounds, said
Mahmud Durrani, former National
Security
Advisor,
Pakistan,
recently but in a different context.
He added: The acrimony and
decades of mistrust between the
two nations is unwarranted and it is
in the strategic interest of both
India and Pakistan to live in peace
and friendship. With a common
geography, heritage, culture and
language, good relations and
harmony should come naturally to
the two neighbours.
One should accept Durranis
words of diplomatic wisdom in a
true spirit of friendship. Pakistan
needs to accept India as the senior

partner or a big brother while India


needs to treat Pakistan with
respect. India is part of SAARC
and has familial relations with its
neighbours. We can certainly
improve our relations with those
who
are
historically
and
geographically attached to us.
There is a lot of substance in the
concept of Akhanda Bharat and it
will not be prudent to dismiss this
as a part the right wings patent
Hindutva and communal agenda.
C.V. Venugopalan,
Palakkad

Indians and IS
It
is
an
open
secret
thatTurkeyremains the transit
point for those who go to Syria and
join the Islamic State (Turkey
knows better how many Indians are
with IS, Sept.6). It is not only
India, but even Europe and
especially the U.K. which faces this
problem. Turkeynow needs to take
a hard look at what is happening.
On the one hand, it wants to ght
terrorism while on the other, its
territory is being used as a gateway
to IS. India must formally request
Turkey to keep its High
Commission in Ankara informed
about all Indians who wish to
venture into Syria, which should
help keep a check on our nationals
wanting to join IS. The West should
also understand that Iraq and
Libya, whose leaders were deposed
in the name of dictatorship, are in a
shambles today. Let not the same
error be committed with respect to
Syria.
T. Anand Raj,
Chennai
ND-ND

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

FUTURE FORECAST

Emissions that will sting


future generations
Sujatha Byravan
Since the Industrial Revolution, in the late 18th century, fossil
fuels such as coal and oil have been extracted from the Earth
and burned in engines to feed economic growth; a process that
has led to the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Over the
past 150 years, the atmospheric concentration of carbon
dioxide, a very long lasting GHG, has risen by more than a
third, along with an increase of other GHGs such as methane, nitrous
oxide and chlorofluorocarbons. The first half of this increase took place
over two centuries, from the start of the Industrial Revolution to around
1973, but the second half of the increase occurred much more rapidly, in
less than four decades. Human activity has already made the world
warmer by 0.8 degrees Celsius than pre-industrial times. Three main
features of this phenomenon are significant for making ethical arguments
about climate change.
Most GHG emissions come from countries that have become wealthy as
a result of industrial development. Roughly two-thirds of the emissions
are from the United States, Europe, and Japan, which have about a
seventh of the worlds population and half its wealth. There is a
correlation between emissions and wealth, so that countries that are
wealthier generally have higher emissions. The average American has per
capita emissions of about 18 metric tonnes each year compared to the
average Bangladeshi, who emits about half a tonne of carbon dioxide each
year. Each countrys consumption pattern
points towards its emissions and in general With very little
the poor tend to consume much less than
carbon space left
the wealthy. But there are also wealthy
nations, such as Denmark, with per capita in the atmosphere,
emissions of 7.2 tonnes per year, where a
what has emerged
combination of national policy, natural
resources and lifestyle choices have
is the concept
resulted in relatively low levels of
of a limited carbon
consumption.
There is also a distinction that must be
budget
made between survival and luxury
emissions: the difference between emissions from profligate lifestyles and
those associated with energy uses for subsistence living. For example, the
emissions arising from living in large, inefficient houses and flying for
frivolous reasons are quite distinct from those associated with burning
wood for cooking. As explained in the 2010 World Development Report,
carbon emissions associated with providing electricity to 1.6 billion people
currently without access would be equivalent to switching fuel economy
standards for the 40 million sports utility vehicles or SUVs in the U.S. to
those of cars in the European Union.
With very little carbon space left in the atmosphere, what has emerged
is the concept of a limited carbon budget, or an upper bound to the
amount of GHGs that can be pumped into the atmosphere while still
maintaining a stable climate. This budget has already been largely
depleted by a few at the expense of the many. This feature can be called
disproportionate accumulation, because one set of groups has used up not
only a disproportionate amount of the worlds limited carbon budget but
has also become vastly richer than the rest of the world as a result.

Delayed effects
A second feature, which one may term delayed effects, is that the
climate system itself is a slow-moving animal, which means that it will
take several decades, if not a century or longer, for impacts from GHGs in
the atmosphere to manifest themselves fully: warmer oceans, melting ice,
and altered weather systems, which will in turn generate other ecological
effects. Indeed, no matter what we do now, it seems likely that the Earth
will warm by at least another degree Celsius by the end of the century.
Delayed effects have two kinds of implications. One is that people living
today are only now beginning to experience the harmful effects of GHGs
emitted by people generations past, but they have also reaped the
cumulative economic benefits of growth and development. The second
implication is that since greenhouse gases continue to accumulate, actions
taken today will have consequences for future generations. Delayed effects
thus points to an intergenerational asymmetry between the emissions and
impacts, which raises a range of complex ethical concerns.
A third feature, asymmetrical impacts, relates to the fact that by most
accounts the poor, particularly those living in developing countries, will
experience far worse consequences from climate change than the wealthy,
especially those living in rich countries. There is growing evidence that the
worst effects of climate change will fall disproportionately on those living
in sub-Saharan Africa, small islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and
deltaic regions of South and Southeast Asia, Egypt and China. This is due
to geographic and economic reasons. Many developing countries are on
small islands or encompass low-lying coastal areas and other regions that
happen to be especially vulnerable to natural disasters, which will be
exacerbated by climate change. But perhaps more important, they
typically do not have the resources to adapt to climate change by such
protective measures as seawalls and embankments or by extensive
insurance arrangements. Indeed, the most vulnerable people will be those
who lead subsistence livelihoods in highly risk-prone areas.
Given these ethical considerations, what is fundamentally at issue in
Paris at the Conference of Parties (COP-21) will be discussed in future
columns.
(Sujatha Byravan is principal research scientist at the Center for Study
of Science, Technology and Policy, Bangalore. Portions of this article are
adapted from a previously published paper by the writer.)

FROM THE ARCHIVES


(dated September 7, 1965)

border into West Punjab in the


Lahore sector in the morning to
Indian troops crossed the border
forestall the opening of a second
into West Pakistan on Monday
front by Pakistan. An official
morning [September 6], while Indian spokesman said in the evening that
Air Force planes engaged Pakistani
Indian troops were advancing
aircraft in an air battle over Lahore. satisfactorily according to plan.
All the planes returned to their base The I.A.F. struck at a number of
safely. The Defence Minister, Mr.
military targets in Gujrat,
Y.B. Chavan announced in the Lok
Wazirabad and Gujranwala areas in
Sabha that Indian troops crossed the West Pakistan.

Air battle over Lahore

CORRECTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS


>>The last paragraph of RBI crisis fund short of target (Sept. 5, 2015)
read: In 2015, the Bank of England transferred a mere 93 pounds to the
government It should have been 93 million pounds.
>>The caption of the photograph that accompanied Stosur in a hurry, sets
third-round date with Errani (Sport, Sept. 4, 2015) erroneously said Samantha Stosur of the US fired eight aces and hit 29 winners. Samantha Stosur is an
Australian.
It is the policy of The Hindu to correct significant errors as soon as possible.
Please specify the edition (place of publication), date and page.
The Readers Editors office can be contacted by
Telephone: +91-44-28418297/28576300 (11 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday to
Friday);
Fax: +91-44-28552963;
E-mail: readerseditor@thehindu.co.in
Mail: Readers Editor, The Hindu, Kasturi Buildings,
859 & 860 Anna Salai, Chennai 600 002, India.
All communication must carry the full postal address and
telephone number.
No personal visits.
The Terms of Reference for the Readers Editor are on www.thehindu.com
CM
YK

| 11

PERSPECTIVE

Always crashing in the same car


Chinas recent economic travails are an indictment of its export-oriented growth model. The
consequent stock market crashes suggest the lingering effects of the global financial crisis
Stock markets across the world seem to
be following David Bowies 1976 classic
song Always crashing in the same car
over the past weeks, a volatility compounded by sensational reporting of
hundreds of billions of dollars wiped off
on the fateful Black Monday. One
should, however, put these things in perspective. Decline per se in these market
indices does not mean any actual loss
because the highs in these markets are
values purely on paper and not realisable
unless sold. And the very act of realising
this value by selling en masse leads to its

vested heavily in domestic investment


but the structure of domestic demand
was not in tune. As a result, firms were
saddled with excess capacity. With low
returns, finance flew into the real estate
sector resulting in a zooming stock market which was bound to fall. The tipping
point came with Beijing announcing a
depreciation of its currency in order to
revert to its export-oriented strategy. Finances response was to flee.

Economy and Make in India

Rohit

LOW WAGES, LONG HOURS: China undercut the producers in the First
World and became the poster boy of export-led growth in the Third
precipitous fall. At the same time, with- World. Picture shows workers sewing garments on a production line
drawal of finance, especially internation- in east Chinas Anhui province. FILE PHOTO: REUTERS
al, can have far-reaching impact on the
real economy by creating volatility in
exchange rates, falling reserves, etc.
With the dominance of finance today,
stock markets have become a weathercock for the future of the economy in
question and, indeed for the global economy. The picture is indeed bleak. Not
only have we not come out of the global
economic crisis of 2008 as the U.S. Federal Reserve would have us believe, this
is also indicative of the decoupled
emerging markets getting sucked into
the crisis. So far it was the United States
and, later, the Eurozone and now, its
China. And instead of erecting protective
barriers against free-flowing international finance, countries have lowered
their guard to woo them. How did finance become what it has and what does
it entail for the global economy, and for
China and India in particular?

Distributional issues
At the heart of it are issues of distribution of income and wealth. In a system
with antagonistic classes of workers
(wages), capitalists (profits), rentiers
(interest rates), along with the state (taxes) contesting for a share in the pie, their
shares are determined by their relative
bargaining strength.
In the aftermath of the Great Depression, the state, through legislation, and
the workers to some extent through
trade union movements, had gained
strength vis--vis the other two classes,
resulting in a rise in share of taxes and

wages in the First World. It lasted till the


early 1970s when staggeringly high inflation rates further cut into the share of
finance. Finance struck back with a vengeance, demanding financial deregulation within and outside the First World
as well as a rescinding of the post-War
state-led model.
Chinas Rightward shift reinforced
this tendency. Both the state and working class were on the retreat, with the
share of taxes and wages falling across
the First World (French economist Thomas Piketty has written extensively on
the latter). But here is the irony: a fall in
state-led investment and a fall in consumption by workers also meant a fall in
size of the pie itself.
The only way the pie could still keep
expanding was if finance itself stimulated activity. After very low growth till the
mid-1990s, the U.S. saw high growth
rates (till the Great Recession hit it), first
as a result of the Dotcom bubble and
later as a result of the real estate bubble,
both propped up by finance. Once the
latter bubble burst, finance started looking for opportunities more aggressively
outside of its safe haven. It flew into the
emerging markets in a big way.
Finance ruled the roost not just in the
First World but much of the Third World
through a gradual change from importsubstitution based industrialisation to
policies based on greater linkages with
the global economy. There are two ways
(or in combination) in which they could

China is losing out on


exports because the export
market itself has shrunk.
Those who consider this
a positive sign for Make in
India are being naive
get coupled: trade and finance. China
adopted primarily the first, while India
chose the second.
China grabbed the opportunity of high
growth in the First World by undercutting the producers of the First World and
became the poster boy of export-led
growth in the Third World. It managed
to do so by squeezing the share of the
workers in its national pie. But herein lay
the contradiction of this growth model.
First, you can only grow in so far as the
export markets grow, something which
is beyond your control. Second, it can
only happen at the cost of suppressing
domestic demand resulting from falling
wages. All is well till the music is playing.
But all hell breaks lose when it stops.
A crisis in the U.S. meant a failure for
the Chinese model. It was absurd to even
think of decoupled emerging markets,
led by China. By virtue of having put all
its eggs in one basket, China is stuck with
a new normal (read low growth) now. It
cant just switch from export-oriented to
domestic-oriented growth. With receding exports, the Chinese authorities in-

There are some in India this includes the Niti Aayog vice chairman
who argue that this is Indias moment
and that one should grab it with both
hands. This conclusion reflects naivete.
First, China is losing out on exports
not because its goods have become relatively more expensive giving Indian producers an opportunity to undercut but
because the export market itself has
shrunk. In other words, who will they
sell to? Second, in such bearish export
markets, those who have been in the
game for long, like the Chinese producers, have far deeper pockets when it
comes to cutting prices. It will be a race
to the bottom with the working class of
these countries forced to struggle
against each other for their capitalists to
grab an ever-elusive share of the pie in
the international goods market.
Third, any competitive devaluation of
the currency will result in a trade war
with no victors. Fourth, India is more
integrated with international finance
owing to its lax tax laws and capital account regulations, so, to keep finance
happy, India is forced to keep the returns
on finance (interest rates) high, which
again acts to the detriment of investment in the real economy.
Overall, the global economy is in for a
long haul. It took 10 years to recover
from the Great Depression and its aftermath included a Rightward shift in the
political discourse, ending in the Second
World War.
While there is a clear Rightward shift
happening in a number of countries including ours, there is also a glimmer of
hope in the rise of the working people as
well as the New Left. Which way the tide
would turn only time can tell but it will
definitely mark a break, for better or for
worse, in the character of the system that
we live in.
(Rohit teaches Economics at
Jawaharlal Nehru University. E-mail:
rohit@jnu.ac.in)

From city of remembrance to city of hope


60 years since Little Boy, Hiroshima remains a conscience keeper for nuclear weapon states
When the sun dawned on August 6, 1945,
Hiroshima was just a large Japanese city
with a population of 3,50,000 that had
escaped the destruction of massive aerial
bombing. That day ended early, at 0815
hours when Colonel Paul Tibbets, flying a
U.S. B-29 Super Fortress bomber named
Enola Gay (after his mother), dropped
the Little Boy over the city, making Hiroshima an unforgettable chapter of human history.
Little Boy was a three metre-long guntype nuclear device using highly enriched
uranium. Its 16 KT explosion killed over

Rakesh Sood

70,000 persons instantly, with the toll


doubling before the end of the year, and
flattened all the buildings in a 3-km radius
from the hypocentre. The fireball raised
temperatures to over 3,000 degrees Celsius and roof tiles bubbled; a stone step
carries the shadow of a person as he/she
just evaporated. A sixth of the energy release was in the form of radiation to which
3,00,000 people were exposed. The skies
darkened with the mushroom cloud and
as temperatures came down, there fell a
black rain of radioactive soot and dust.
Sixteen hours later, U.S. President Harry
S. Truman announced to the world that
Hiroshima had been destroyed by a new
kind of weapon, the atomic bomb.
Three days later, the U.S. dropped another device, Fat Man, a plutonium based
implosion bomb of 20 KT explosive power
on Nagasaki, a major shipbuilding centre.
Given the topography of the town, the
number of casualties was slightly lower.
The original target was the nearby city of
Kokura but because it lay covered under a
pall of smoke arising from the previous
days conventional bombing strikes, visual sighting was not possible and Major
Charles Sweeney, commanding the B-29
Bockscar turned southwards to Nagasaki,
the alternative target. On August 15, the
war ended with Japans unconditional
surrender.

Reconstruction from the ashes


Today, Hiroshima ranks as one of Japans industrialised cities, with a population of over a million. Its nuclear past
renders it unique though. The Governor
of the Prefecture, Hidehiko Yuzaki,
launched a Hiroshima for Global Peace
Plan in 2011, as a symbolic point of origin
for pursuit of peace, abolition of nuclear
weapons, post-conflict reconstruction
and hope in the spirit of man. Mayor Kazumi Matsui chairs an initiative called
Mayors for Peace which brings together

LEGACY OF THE BOMB: Hiroshimas nuclear past renders it unique.


Picture shows Genbaku Dome, 160 m away from the hypocentre of the
atomic blast. PHOTO: RAKESH SOOD

The rising tide of


nationalism in East Asia
reveals that memories of
regional conflicts are deepseated, overshadowing the
remorse over Hiroshima

by Prime Minister Eisaku Sato and have


been reiterated since, including by Mr.
Abe in 2013 and 2014. The omission immediately stoked speculation and wanting
to avoid further controversy, Mr. Abe reiterated the pledges in his Nagasaki speech
on August 9. There is a rising tide of nationalism in East Asia which reveals that
historical memories of the regional conflicts are deep-seated and overshadow the
over 6,700 cities worldwide that are com- remorse that Hiroshima generates.
mitted to seeking global nuclear disarmament by 2020. Around the hypocentre, a Looking beyond the myths
Peace Memorial Park has been created
The horrors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
overlooked by the skeletal remains of the have helped generate a norm against nudome of the Exhibition Hall. In addition clear weapons and this gets strengthened
to a museum and an eternal flame, it con- with every year. Yet, it has not proved
tains a cenotaph where the names of those possible to take decisive steps towards
affected by the explosion continue to be nuclear abolition. Part of the reason is the
inscribed after their death. Currently, it myth-making that has been associated
bears nearly 3,00,000 names. The hiba- with this issue since the very beginning.
kushas (atomic bomb survivors) today
For a long time, the prevalent view was
number about 1,80,000 and at an average that dropping the atomic bombs in 1945
age of 80, remain a potent reminder of the helped end the war because the only alagony and suffering that this city has ternative was an invasion of Japan which
witnessed.
would have claimed the lives of half a
Every year, a peace memorial ceremony million U.S. soldiers, and a greater numis held on August 6, marked by remem- ber of Japanese lives. New scholarship
brance but also coloured by the politics of now makes it clear that it was the USSRs
remorse. People gather to pray for their entry into war against Japan on August 8
relatives; make paper cranes, in memory which convinced the Japanese leadership
of Sadako Sasaki who succumbed to leu- that it had no choice now but to surrender.
Second, contrary to popular belief, no
kaemia in 1955 before her 13th birthday,
believing that making a thousand paper specific warnings were given to the Japacranes would make her wishes come true; nese people about the bomb and the idea
and at dusk, float thousands of paper lan- of a demonstration explosion was rejected
terns on the river with messages to guide on the ground that it might not work and
as there were only two devices available.
the spirits of the departed.
This year, Japanese Prime Minister Politically, the use of the bomb did not
Shinzo Abes speech in Hiroshima yield any advantage to the U.S. in its postskipped the three traditional non-nuclear World War-II negotiations with the USSR
pledges (not possessing, producing or per- but hardened Stalins resolve to accelerate
mitting nuclear weapons on Japanese ter- its nuclear programme, setting the stage
ritory) which were first spelt out in 1967 for a long-drawn Cold War accompanied

by an obscene accumulation of more than


70,000 nuclear weapons by the two
superpowers.
During the Cold War, another myth got
generated that the best route to nuclear
disarmament lay through nuclear nonproliferation. The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) took
shape during the 1960s and today enjoys
widespread adherence. It may have
helped prevent proliferation but even its
staunch supporters are hard-pressed to
show that it has made any impact on nuclear arms reductions. The fact that the
five countries acknowledged as nuclearweapon-states in NPT are the same as the
five Permanent Members of the United
Nations Security Council (UNSC) may
have been a coincidence in the 1960s, but
today, is a liability that diminishes the
NPT.
The NPT framework cannot accommodate Indias position or tackle Chinas flagrant assistance to Pakistan; its review
conferences have repeatedly failed in
grappling with Israels programme; the
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
walked out of the treaty; and most recently, Iran ensured that it will retain a nonweaponised capability in terms of its enrichment programme. Clearly, the NPT
has reached the limits of its success and
even exhausted its normative potential.
Todays nuclear world is very different
from the bipolar world of the Cold War
dominated by the superpower nuclear rivalry. The centre of gravity has shifted
from the Euro-Atlantic to the Asia-Pacific
region and this is a more crowded geopolitical space without any overarching binary equation. Different players have widely
disparate nuclear arsenals and different
doctrinal approaches. Even as the number
of variables and the number of equations
have grown, there is an absence of a security architecture in the Asia-Pacific
region.
As a nuclear conscience keeper, Hiroshima can provide the world a dialogue platform to explore new thinking for lowering
the risks associated with nuclear weapons
and doctrines, reducing numbers of weapons to minimal levels and eventually creating conditions for abolition of nuclear
weapons. Such a platform will certainly
strengthen the norm against the use of
nuclear weapons. However, there must be
a willingness to go beyond the myths that
have coloured the discussions on nuclear
proliferation and disarmament. From a
city of remembrance, Hiroshima can then
become a city of hope where the first meaningful steps for a nuclear weapon free
world were negotiated.
(Rakesh Sood, a former Ambassador,
was the Prime Ministers Special Envoy
for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation
till
May
2014.
E-mail:
rakeshsood2001@yahoo.com)
ND-ND

NEWS

12 |
FROM PAGE ONE

Parliamentary Affairs
Minister has met
Opposition leaders in
last fortnight
have also been addressed
to their satisfaction. Now,
the Congress must accept
the Bill to accelerate the
economy of the country.
The Parliamentary Affairs Minister has met several Opposition leaders in
the last fortnight, including
Leader of the Congress in
the Lok Sabha Mallikarjun
Kharge.
The Congress sources reiterated on Sunday that as
the architect of the GST Bill,
the party would like to see it
passed, but it was firm in its
objections to some of the
provisions. These relate to
adding to the Constitution
Amendment Bill a ceiling of
18 per cent for the GST rate,
the proposed one-per cent
additional levy and a dispute resolution mechanism.
Once these were resolved,
the Congress would be willing to cooperate with the
government. These points
are non-negotiable, they
said.
Congress Deputy Leader
in the Rajya Sabha Anand
Sharma pointed out that the

government needed to
meaningfully and constructively engage with the
Opposition to create a conducive environment for any
dialogue.
This environment, he
said, does not exist and if
the Prime Minister and his
Ministers continue to target
the Congress by making unprovoked statements, it will
not help matters.

Three options
Meanwhile,
official
sources said the government now has three options:
one,
it
either
concedes the Congress
points on the Bill, or convinces the party and gets
approval for the Bill in an
extended session; it fails to
convince the Congress and
puts off the Bill for the winter session after the Bihar
Assembly polls are over and
extends the deadline for the
GST implementation from
April 2016 to later; and it
brings the Bill to an extended session, fails to get it
through and tells everyone
that the Congress is
anti-reforms.
But the third course, the
sources added, could also
make the government look
weak and inept. Clearly, the
government will have to do
some more thinking.

After tiff, officer in WCD


Ministry on compulsory wait
The last was the former
Home Secretary, L.C. Goyal,
whose tenure was cut short
by 19 months. He was sent to
the Indian Trade Promotion
Organisation, best known for
organising trade fairs. Mr.
Goyals case also had a striking resemblance to the ouster
of the former Foreign Secretary, Sujatha Singh, whose
tenure was cut short by eight
months to make way for S.
Jaishankar, who was to retire
three days before his appointment to the new post.
In June this year, senior
bureaucrat
Vijaylakshmi
Joshi, spearheading Swachh
Bharat Abhiyan, sought vol-

untary retirement, three


years ahead of the end of her
tenure.
As reported earlier by this
newspaper, Mr. Goyal was reportedly shunted out after he
had issues with Home Minister Rajnath Singh over several
matters.
Additional
Secretary Anant Kumar
Singh, said to be close to the
Minister, was not on the
same page with Mr. Goyal on
many issues. It is learnt that
Mr. Singh, who was also
transferred out of the MHA
on the same day as Mr. Goyal,
bypassed the Home Secretary and took matters directly
to the Minister. The PMO

transferred Mr. Singh to the


Petroleum Ministry after
cancelling the appointment
of Kumar Sanjay Krishna, a
1985 batch IAS officer of the
Assam-Meghalaya cadre.
Three key divisions of the
MHA Union Territory,
North-East and Police-I
are either vacant or are going
to be vacant in the next few
days with no appointments at
joint secretary level being
made to these posts yet.
Sources said not many IAS
officers have offered to come
for central deputation and
the Modi government will
find it difficult to fill these
key posts.

More women workers can


boost growth: IMF chief
The W-20, she said, can
make a difference by reminding the G-20 of its commitment and holding them to
account.
At their summit meeting
last November, the G-20
pledged to reduce the gap in
womens labour force participation by 25 per cent by the
year 2025, which would have
the benefit of creating an estimated 100 million new jobs
for the global economy.
Empowering
women
boosts economic growth and
can reduce poverty. Getting
more women into secure and
well-paid jobs raises overall
per capita income, Ms Largarde said. Greater gender
equality not only raises absolute income, it also helps to
reduce income inequality.
Three key policy areas for
womens economic empowerment, the IMF chief talked
about, include those in education, the workplace and the
family. Opportunities in the
classroom have ramifications
that are wide-reaching and
long-lasting, she said.
The message is clear: girls
education is probably the single best investment a country
can make. One extra year of
primary school boosts a womans earning potential by 10 to
20 per cent. One extra year of
secondary school boosts her
earning potential by 25 per
cent. Other ways to boost
schooling of girls, beyond investments in education include social programmes such
as cash transfers to poor families made conditional on
their daughters school attendance as is the case in
Bangladesh and Cambodia.
And strengthening infrastructure, such as roads and
sanitation, that makes it easier for girls to get to school.
While having a good education certainly helps women
enter the workforce, it is by
no means a guarantee of employment A number of
countries with highly educated women still have low levels
CM
YK

The W-20 can make a difference by reminding


the G20 of its commitment, IMF Managing
Director Christine Lagarde said at the launch of
the grouping of women leaders from the worlds
20 largest economies, including India,in Ankara
on Sunday. PHOTO: AFP
phasise at the U.N. Summit on
the Post-2015 Development
Agenda later this month.
The IMF chief said that infrastructure can be an obstacle too. Without access to
basic transport or energy
sources, women find it very
difficult to work outside the
home. In rural South Africa,
for example, electrification
increased female labour force
participation by 9 per cent.
On the third broad policy
area, which revolves around
the special role women play in
family life, she said: Men
not only as partners, but also
as fathers, sons, and brothers
have an important stake in
empowering women... Not
only does this help their partners, daughters, mothers and
sisters to achieve their potential, it also helps build a stronger society for all.
Research suggests that cutting the cost of childcare by
Financial inclusion
half could increase the numIn emerging and develop- ber of young mothers in the
ing countries, 70 per cent of labour market by 10 per cent,
female-owned small and me- Ms. Lagarde said.
dium-sized enterprises are eiPaid parental leave helps to
ther
unserved
or maintain a womans connecunder-served by financial in- tion to the labour market. Jastitutions, she said.
pan, for example, has
Increasing financial inclu- expanded childcare leave
sion for women is an issue benefits from 50 per cent to
that Ms. Lagarde plans to em- 67 per cent of salary.

of female labour force participation. For example, it is a


well-known challenge in Japan, Ms. Lagarde said.
To help women find work,
removing legal barriers, such
as having equal property
rights, is vital followed by
womens pay and unequal access to finance, she advised.
Recent IMF research noted
that almost 90 per cent of
countries have at least one
important legal restriction
that makes it difficult for
women to work. In half of the
countries studied, when gender equity was constitutionally granted, female labour
force participation increased
by at least five per cent over
the following five years.
It also found that even with
the same level of education,
and in the same occupation,
women earn just three-quarters of what men earn.

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

CONGRESS SUCCESSION ISSUE

Government makes one more


bid to get GST Bill through
These sources said that
while the Congress would
not take a fresh view of the
GST Bill (its objections to
the draft Bill have already
been articulated to the government) at the CWC, if the
government planned to extend the monsoon session, it
would work out a specific
strategy for Parliament.
On Sunday, Home Minister Rajnath Singh appealed
to the Opposition for cooperation to help the government pass the GST Bill in
Parliament. Asked whether
the government would convene a special session to
adopt the legislation, he
said: Nothing can be ruled
out.
This came a day after Parliamentary Affairs Minister
M. Venkaiah Naidu said:
The governments proposal
for having an extended
monsoon session is still on
We have accepted most of
the suggestions. I appeal to
the Congress to help pass
the Bill and not make it a
political issue.
The Bill, he stressed, had
been discussed in detail for
so many years and examined
by the Finance Ministers of
four Opposition parties so
far.
The issues raised by the
States both manufacturing and non-manufacturing

NOIDA/DELHI

Rahuls elevation may be postponed


The party may wait for 2016 Assembly poll results before taking a decision
Smita Gupta

not yet ready to take over.


In the past 15 months
since the BJP came to power,
though the Modi government has suffered some reverses the defeat in the
Delhi Assembly polls and its
failure to get through key economic reforms-related legislation the Congress has
not shown signs of making
any recovery.
In Bihar, it is part of an
alliance led by the Janata Dal
(United)-Rashtriya Janata
Dal combine, but it is the junior-most partner, and Mr.
Gandhis protgs have not
helped him by suggesting he
did not attend a rally in Bihar
attended by Ms. Gandhi as he
had a problem sharing the
stage with RJD chief Lalu
Prasad.
As for the Assembly polls
slated for mid-2016, things
are not looking too good.
In Assam, where the Congress is in power, the scenario appears bleak. And not
merely because the party will

NEW DELHI: In its efforts to en-

sure that Rahul Gandhi will


be on a firm footing when he
takes over the reins of the
party, the Congress is seriously considering postponing his elevation as president
for at least another year till
after the Assembly elections
in Assam, Kerala, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, due in April-May
2016.
This, top party sources
told The Hindu, is because
the Congress leadership does
not want losses or reverses in
these polls to mar Mr. Gandhis opening months in the
top post.
The Congress had initially
planned to move him to the
top slot after last years general elections, but that was
put off when the party put in
its worst performance, winning just 44 Lok Sabha seats.
It had then thought of doing it at the end of 2015 when

The Congress leadership is now looking at


extending Sonia Gandhis tenure by another year
Sonia Gandhi would complete her five-year term (and
18 years) as president. Initially, Mr. Gandhis unexpected two-month sabbatical
earlier this year to undisclosed destinations had disconcerted the party. But
after he returned and

plunged into party work, the


relief in the ranks led to talk
of his being made president
at the end of the ongoing organisational elections this
year after the Bihar Assembly elections.
But now, the murmurs
have started once again: he is

complete an unbroken 15
years in power next year, and
with it have to bear the burden of the anti-incumbency
factor. In recent days, the departure of senior leader Himanta Biswa Sharma and an
ever-increasing line of Congress MLAs for the BJP has
dealt a body blow to the party.
In Kerala, where the Congressled United Democratic
Front (UDF) is in power, the
party is hoping that the corruption charges against its
government will be offset by
the inroads that the BJP is
making into Left territory.
In Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and West Bengal, for the
moment, the Congress is a
non-starter.
It is against this backdrop
that the Congress leadership,
encouraged by those who
surround Ms. Gandhi, is
wondering whether it does
not make better sense to extend her tenure by another
year.

Rank and file will get most benefit, says Modi


National Bureau

for early retirement too


would come under the
FARIDABAD/NEW DELHI: In the scheme settled the issue.
armed forces, while there is
The previous government,
no VRS, there is an option for Prime Minister Narendra
premature retirement after Modi told a rally in Faridareaching the pensionable bad, had pegged the expendilimit of 15 years for Non ture on OROP at Rs. 500
Commissioned
Officers crore and even the Koshiyari
(NCO) and 20 years for offi- Committee had calculated it
cers.
to be around Rs. 300 crore,
However, when the gov- but everyone was bewildered
ernment announced imple- when the actual calculations
mentation of One Rank One
Pension (OROP) on Saturday, a clause was introduced
saying those opting for VRS
were not eligible. This generStaff Reporter
ated strong reaction from
the veterans and in a bid to
BENGALURU: There is severe
clarify the issue Defence
lack of understanding on the
Minister Manohar Parrikar
proposed one-man
held discussions with reprecommittee to study the One
sentatives of the movement
Rank One Pension scheme,
after which they expressed
said Defence Minister
satisfaction.
Manohar Parrikar here on
Mr. Modis clarification on
Sunday.
Sunday that those who opted

began and the outgo came to


Rs.8,000-10,000 crore.
It was hanging fire for
more than four decades.
Many governments came
and went, but failed to resolve the issue. My government came to power on May
26 last year and is just 15
months old. But we had
made a promise and kept our
word, said Mr. Modi, amid
loud cheers.

Sounding a note of caution, he said there were attempts to mislead the


veterans, but the biggest
beneficiaries would be the
rank and file.
More than 80-90 per cent
men and women in the
armed forces comprise the
lower ranks. They are set to
benefit the most, said Mr.
Modi.
Clearing the air on the

proposed appointment of a
one-man judicial commission, the Prime Minister said
it was not a Pay Commission
but would deal with sticky
issues of OROP so that no
one was left out.

Slams Congress
Taking on the Congress
for its comments on OROP,
Mr. Modi said the party had
no right to question the government when it did nothing
in 40 years.
Some people are trying to
mislead the armed forces on
OROP; trying to score political points, the Prime Minister charged.
Mr. Modi said that every
10th person in the armed
forces was from Haryana
and the implementation of
OROP would pump several
thousand crore rupees into
the State giving a fillip to its
economy.

Changes will be made as panel suggests

Rathore: we
will neutralise
our enemies

The Minister expressed


satisfaction that the OROP
as principle had been
accepted by the government
and all financial
requirements addressed.
There might be a few flaws,
but these will be addressed
over a period of time, he
added.

Most veterans are now


happy especially after the
announcement by the Prime
Minister on the inclusion of
veterans who had opted for
premature retirement. The
committee will guide the
government on OROP and
changes will be made as
required, he said.

Five-year revision unacceptable: veterans


Dinakar Peri

Rally
planned on
Sunday

NEW DELHI: The veterans who


NEW DELHI: The countrys ene-

mies, like Dawood Ibrahim


and LeT chief Hafiz Saeed,
should not believe that India
is not thinking anything
about them, Union Minister
Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
said on Sunday.
We always remain ready
to neutralise our enemy, he
said when asked what the government was doing about Dawood, the main accused in the
1993 Mumbai blasts case, and
Saeed, who are wanted in India.
Wherever the enemy of
India is, he should not think
that India is not thinking anything about him, Mr. Rathore told a television channel.
It was pointed out that the
Modi government had completed 15 months, but nothing
had been done with regard to
fugitives taking shelter in Pakistan. To this, he replied,
Saam, daam, dand, beid [all
means will be used].
Whenever it happens, you
will get the news. He said a
covert operation may never
be known but information
about a special operation may
be given after it is done. PTI

ended their indefinite fast at


Jantar Mantar here on Sunday, after Prime Minister
Narendra Modis clarification on who all were eligible
for the One Rank, One Pension (OROP) scheme, said
the relay hunger strike
would continue till all their
demands were met. They also announced their plan to
hold a mega rally on September 12.
The ex-servicemen listed
four points of disagreement
with the current plan and
appealed to the government
to resolve them. These include equalisation of pension every year and not
every five years, 2013-2014
as the base year for salary
calculation which means
March 31, 2014, opposition
to the setting up of a onemember judicial commission and taking the highest
pension scale of 2013 as
base for calculation and not
the average as announced
by the government.
Maj. Gen. (retd.) Satbir
Singh, who has been leading
the agitation, said that if the
government wanted to dis-

Damini Nath
NEW DELHI: Veterans

Havildar (retd.) Major Singh ends his fast at Jantar


Mantar on Sunday. PHOTO: SUSHIL KUMAR VERMA
cuss the issues with the veterans, they could agree for a
relaxation of two years instead of the annual revision.
But
five
years
is
unacceptable.
While representatives of
the movement asked the
government to accept their
demands, several veterans

MPs supporters block trains


Amarnath Tewary

Udhampur terror accused in


Delhi for lie-detector test
NEW DELHI: Showkat Ahmed
Bhat, arrested by the National
Investigation Agency in connection with the terror strike
on a BSF convoy in Udhampur,
was brought here on Sunday
evening for a scientific analysis of his statements. He will
be subjected to a lie-detector

PATNA: Supporters of the ex-

pelled Rashtriya Janata Dal


MP and leader of the Jan Adhikar Party, Pappu Yadav, on
Sunday disrupted the movement of several trains in Bihar in protest against the
attacks on Bihari migrants in
Manipur.
Hundreds of protesters
halted trains at Ara, Madhepura, Saharsa, Purnea,
Darbhanga, Jehanabad, Siwan, Vaishali, Chapra and
Gaya districts for several
hours. However, no incident
of violence was reported
from anywhere in the State.
Train services were affected for hours across the
State however, movement
of long-distance trains remained unaffected, an official of the East Central
Railway told presspersons.

at Jantar Mantar expressed


satisfaction with the announcement and said a
compromise should now be
reached.
The OROP scheme is expected to benefit over three
million veterans and widows along with their
families.

protesting the delay in


the roll-out of One Rank
One Pension (OROP)
decided on Sunday to
continue their agitation
and have planned a big
rally at Jantar Mantar
for the coming Sunday.
Though Prime
Minister Narendra Modi
assured ex-servicemen
that those who take
premature retirement
will also benefit from
OROP, the veterans said
four other demands had
not been met.
We have won one
battle, but the war is still
on, said Major General
(retd.) Satbir Singh, who
is an advisor to the
United Front of Exservicemen and has
been representing the
veterans in the talks
with the government.

test. The agency arrested Bhat,


from Pulwama in south Kashmir, on September 1. Bhat will
be produced before a court on
Monday for seeking permission for carrying out the polygraph test on him at the
central forensic science laboratory, sources said. PTI

Jan Adhikar party chief and MP Pappu Yadav,


along with party workers, protests in Patna
on Sunday against violent attacks on Bihari
migrants in Manipur. PHOTO: RANJEET KUMAR
Earlier, Mr. Pappu Yadav,
who was recently provided
Y category security, had
called a chakka jam (halt
wheels) on Sunday.
Well take out a march to
the Raj Bhavan on Monday

followed by a Bihar shutdown to highlight the issue,


Mr. Yadav told The Hindu.
He blamed both Prime Minister Narendra Modi and
Chief Minister Nitish Kumar
for the situation in Manipur.
ND-ND

NEWS

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

DEFENCE PLATFORM

Floating test range for missile defence system


Officials say the present Wheeler Island facility poses several limitations
Y. Mallikarjun

lems, scientists at the Defence


Research
and
Development Organisation
(DRDO) designed the floating testing range a huge
ship with a designated displacement equivalent to
10,000 tonnes.
The state-of-the-art range
would have many facilities
such as a launch-pad, a
launch control centre and a
mission control centre.

HYDERABAD: India is building

a unique floating testing


range a huge ship to
overcome the limitations
imposed by the land mass
for carrying out missile tests
of varying ranges for the
two-tier ballistic missile defence (BMD) system to protect important cities.
The system seeks to engage and destroy incoming
enemy missiles at different
altitudes in the endo- and
exo-atmospheres.
The first phase of the programme envisages development of interceptors to
annihilate incoming missiles with a range of 2,000
km, while the second phase
aims to build such weapons
to destroy missiles with a
longer range.
The system will waylay a
ballistic missile and destroy
it in mid-air.
India has so far conducted
10 interceptor missile tests,
eight of them successful.
Most of the trials were con-

Work begins

ducted in the endo-atmosphere, and a few in the


exo-atmosphere. The first
phase of the system is expected to be deployed after
some more interceptor
trials in deployable config-

uration. Official sources told


The Hindu here that currently the missile testing
range on Wheeler Island
posed certain limitations as
people needed to be evacuated from the villages ev-

ery time a trial took place.


More important, the range
of the missile had to be confined to less than 300 km.
Also, different trajectories
could not be tested.
To overcome these prob-

The construction of the


range, which has just started, might take at least three
to four years for the ship to
be ready to conduct the first
trial, sources said.
It will pave the way for
conducting trials for different trajectories, varying altitudes and also for higher
ranges. We can go up to
1,000-1,500 km without any
problem. Currently, we have
to conduct simulation tests
for longer ranges. Once, this
FTR is ready we will be able
to carry out live tests, the
sources said.

On flood anniversary, Kashmir bandh today


Peerzada Ashiq

Centre has released just Rs.


2,400 crore, though the previSRINAGAR: Separatists and ous State government promainstream political parties posed a Rs. 44,000-crore
have come out in support of relief package.
the Kashmir bandh on MonIn view of the bandh call,
day in protest against poor re- the University of Kashmir
lief work exactly a year since called off all examinations
floods devastated the Valley. scheduled for Monday.
The Kashmir Economic Alliance, an amalgam of various Hurriyat support
Supporting the bandh,
trade associations here,
called the bandh to direct an- Syed Ali Shah Geelani, who
ger at the Modi government heads a faction of the Hurrifor making fake promises yat, said, Even damaged embankments have not been
on relief and rehabilitation.
The State and the Centre repaired. India, under a
have paid lip service to the planned manner, wants to
victims of the floods. A year break the backbone of the
has passed, but the govern- States economy.
Mirwaiz Umar Farooq,
ment has failed to release any
money for the relief and reha- head of another Hurriyat facbilitation of flood victims, tion, said, The State governShowkat Chowdhary, chair- ment failed to compensate
man of the alliance, said. The the flood victims and also

Union
government
announced
an
additional
amount of Rs. 1,667 crore, but
only around Rs. 550 crore of it
was earmarked for relief and
rehabilitation, mainly for
those who had kuccha (not
concrete) houses. Hundreds
of those who had their concrete houses damaged were
left out.
A total of 6,782 villages, of
which 741 remained submerged for weeks, were floodWHEN DISASTER STRUCK: A flood-ravaged classroom ed, affecting 18 lakh
in a Srinagar school in 2014. FILE PHOTO: PTI
households, official figures
say. Of the 21,485 damaged
failed to bring aid from the sir Aslam Wani said: The houses, 4,700 took a severe
Government of India. The PDP-BJP government has re- hit, but only 1,690 house owngovernment decision to deny fused to show the bare mini- ers have received compensainternational aid to Kashmir mum political will to tion. Nearly 280 people lost
clearly reflects the anti-peo- rehabilitate and compensate their lives in the floods.
The Centre is likely to anple polices adopted vis--vis the flood victims. We support
nounce a package on the first
Kashmir. National Confer- the call for shutdown.
A few months ago, the anniversary of the floods.
ence provincial president Na-

EDUCATIONAL

EDUCATIONAL

| 13

Indrani taken to Worli home


before police custody ends
MUMBAI: A day before her police custody ends, Indrani
Mukherjea, the prime accused in the sensational
Sheena Bora murder case,
was on Sunday taken to her
residence in Worli here, apparently to connect a few
remaining dots in the
murder mystery marked by
high drama.
Indrani, mother of Sheena, was taken there from
the Khar police station
shortly before 4 p.m. Two
others accused her former
husband
Sanjeev
Khanna and former driver
Shayamvar Rai were
grilled at the Khar police
station.
Indrani was later brought
back to the station.
This was her first visit to
her residence since her arrest last month. Her husband and former Star India
CEO Peter Mukherjea, who
has been extensively grilled
in the case, was present.
During the over 60 minutes when the police and Indrani were at the Worli
house, she was taken to her
fourth floor residence. She
was seen gesturing to the
accompanying policemen
in the direction of a garage
on the residential premises,
which, according to the police, is the place where
Sheenas body was kept on
the day she was killed.

The police say Indrani Mukherjea (right), accused


of murdering her daughter Sheena Bora, is not
cooperating with the investigation. PHOTO: PTI
A local court had on Saturday extended the police
custody of all three accused
till Monday.
The three have been arrested on charges of murdering
Sheena
and
disposing of the body in a
Raigad forest in April 2012.
The police are awaiting
forensic results of samples
of the skeletal remains
found in the Raigad forest.
On Thursday, the police
said Indrani had confessed
to murdering Sheena and
they were now investigating
if someone else was also
involved.
Indrani, who was produced in the court on Saturday, remained composed

through the hearing.


The scope of the probe is
large and the accused is a
hard nut to crack, said special public prosecutor Vaibhav Bagade. They have
used modern tools like email and Internet to plan
the murder.
Requesting the court to
extend Indranis police custody, he said, It may appear
filmi, but we need to find
out why this particular
place was chosen to dump
the body. Her custody is for
a short period, considering
the vastness of investigation. We need to know who
else helped her and her
emails need to be studied.
PTI

Need special banks for the poor: Yunus


Rahi Gaikwad
MUMBAI: In the light of experience of high loan repayment
among the poor, there is a
need create special banks to
cater to their needs, social entrepreneur and Nobel Peace
Prize winner Muhammad Yunus said at a function here on
Sunday.
The Maharashtra government has sought Mr. Yunus
guidance on microfinance and
how to revive dying Micro,
Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the State.
Even today, a large section
of the poor the world over re-

Muhammad Yunus has


seen high loan repayment among the poor.
main cut off from the banking
sector. In our experience,
there is a high rate of loan
repayment from the poor. So
we need to trust them more
and provide maximum services to them. For this, instead of

EDUCATIONAL

commercial banks independent banks for the poor should


be created, the Nobel Peace
Prize winner said at a function
here attended by State Finance Minister Sudhir Munguntiwar, as per an official
release.
In the micro-credit movement in Bangladesh, 97 per
cent participation was from
women and the repayment
rate was 99.6 per cent, the
Grameen Bank founder said.
Apart from providing small
loans, the Bank also provided
health insurance and funds
for pension, education and
other needs to women.

EDUCATIONAL

011- 43579738, 43579797


EDUCATIONAL

CM
YK

ND-ND

14 |

WORLD

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

EMERGENCY WINDOW CLOSES

STOP-GAP MEASURES ALLOWING REFUGEES FREE PASSAGE TO BE PHASED OUT

Austria to re-impose border controls


O
10 die as South Korea
n Sunday, Austria announced
that it planned to phase out
emergency measures that have
allowed thousands of refugees
stranded against their will in
Hungary to enter Austria and
Germany since Saturday.
Many are eeing war in West
Asia and hope to take refuge in
Germany, Europes richest
country, but the EU is divided
over how to cope with the inux
which has provoked both huge
sympathy and anti-Muslim resentment among Europeans.
Austrian Chancellor Werner
Faymann said the decision, a
day after the measures were put
in place, followed intensive
talks with German Chancellor
Angela Merkel and a telephone
call with Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
We have always said this is
an emergency situation in
which we must act quickly and
humanely. We have helped
more than 12,000 people in an
acute situation, he said. Now
we have to move step-by-step
away from emergency measures WITH OPEN ARMS: Germans receive refugees who arrived
towards normality, in conform- Saalfeld, central Germany, on Saturday. PHOTO: AP
ity with the law and dignity.
In Hungary, migrants boarded trains at Keleti station on
Sunday, following handwritten
signs in Arabic directing people
to trains to Hegyeshalom on the
BERLIN: Hundreds of migrants and gave them water and food.
border with Austria. But on
streamed into Germany on
The people here treat us so
Hungarys border with Serbia
Sunday to cheers and wel- well, they treat us like real huthere were reports that people
come signs, joining the thou- man beings, not like in Syria,
spent the night in the rain withsands who arrived the said Mohammad, a 32-yearout food or shelter. The Cypriot
previous day as Austria called old from the devastated town
coastguard picked up 114 Syrian
for an emergency EU summit of Qusayr, his eyes welling up
refugees who were adrift in a
on the continents worst refu- with tears.
shing boat. Reuters
gee crisis since World War II.
On Saturday alone about
In moving scenes the new- 8,000 migrants crossed Gercomers, clutching their chil- man borders, federal police
dren and sparse belongings, told AFP. In Munich, some
stepped off trains in Munich, 1,200 came in early on Sunday,
Frankfurt and elsewhere to a day after trains brought
cheers from well-wishers who 6,800 to the southern German
held balloons, snapped photos city. As refugees got off trains,

at the train station in

Claps, cheers greet refugees in Germany

WE HAVE HELPED MORE THAN


12,000 PEOPLE IN AN ACUTE
SITUATION. NOW WE HAVE TO
MOVE TOWARDS NORMALITY

police directed them to waiting buses bound for temporary shelters, which have been
set up in public buildings, hotels and army barracks across
the country.
Say it loud, say it clear, refugees are welcome here,
crowds chanted at the Frankfurt railway station overnight.
While Germany has seen a
spate of ugly xenophobic rallies and attacks against foreigners, it has also seen an
outpouring of support for refugees. AFP

WERNER FAYMANN, AUSTRIAN CHANCELLOR

Pope urges every


parish to take
in one family

South Korean Navy personnel conduct search


operations in the sea off the southern island of
Jeju on Sunday. PHOTO: REUTERS

VATICAN CITY: Pope Francis on Sunday called on every Catholic parish


in Europe to take in a refugee family, saying the Vaticans two parishes would lead by example.
Calling for a concrete gesture
ahead of a Jubilee Year of Mercy
starting in December, the urged
every parish, every religious community, every monastery, in Europe [to] take in a family.
Faced with the tragedy of tens of
thousands of asylum-seekers eeing death [as] victims of war and
hunger who are hoping to start a
new life, the gospel calls on us and
asks us to be the neighbour of the
smallest and the most abandoned,
to give them concrete hope.
He said a miracle had taken place
in Europe, where we have been
healed of the deafness of selshness
and the silence of retreating into
ourselves. AFP

fishing boat capsizes

Wont allow Israel


to be submerged
JERUSALEM: Prime Minister Benja-

min Netanyahu on Sunday said he


would not allow Israel to be submerged by refugees after calls for
the Jewish state to take in those
eeing Syrias war.
Speaking at the weekly cabinet
meeting, Netanyahu also announced the start of construction
of a fence along Israels border with
Jordan, according to his office.
Israel is not indifferent to the
human tragedy of Syrian and African refugees... but Israel is a small
country. That is why we must control our borders. Reuters

Amazon, U.S. varsity


sued over death of
Indian-origin student
NEW YORK: Online giant Ama-

zon and the University of


Pennsylvania have been sued
by the mother of an Indianorigin girl student who committed suicide over two years
ago by consuming cyanide
purchased from the retailer,
according to media reports.
The 20-year-old nursing
student at the university reported a sexual assault by a
male student in 2011, but no
charges were led and he remained on campus, leading to
a two-year downward spiral
culminating in her cyanide suicide in 2013, the lawsuit said.
After that she showed troubling behaviour at school,
missing classes and getting arrested for alcohol intoxicaPhiladelphia
tion,
the
Inquirer reported.
Despite her problems, university employees conduct
toward her was unsympathetic, hostile, and at times vindictive, the suit says.
One school official allegedly
wrote in an email she had no
sympathy for her and said the
student deserves anything
you dish out to her.
In December 2012, she ordered cyanide crystals from
Amazon through a vendor in
Thailand, who had listed it as a

While the
desperate ight of Syrians
from their countrys war was
dominating news bulletins
this summer, yet another
diplomatic push to end the
four-year-old conict was
quietly running into the
sand.
That largely unnoticed
failure has reinforced the
view amongst Syria experts
that there is no solution in
sight, with one of the biggest
obstacles a seemingly unbridgeable international divide over President Bashar
al-Assads future.
As a consequence, Syria
looks set for ever greater
fragmentation into a patchwork of territories, one of
them the diminishing Damascus-based state where
Assad appears condent of
survival with backing from
his Russian and Iranian alCM
YK

KUALA LUMPUR: Malay-

sian rescuers have recovered the bodies of 35


more Indonesian migrants killed when their
boat sank three days
ago, along with another
survivor, taking the toll
in the disaster to 50, ofcials said on Sunday.
The survivor was recovered on Friday afternoon having spent more
than a day in the water
and was said to be in
good health.
The group were leaving Malaysia to return to
Indonesia across the
Malacca Strait. AFP
hours before being rescued.
They praised the courage of
the boat captain Kim CheolSoo, who was among the dead.
Hold my hand! a survivor
called Lee quoted Kim as saying as the captain extended an
arm from the top of the capsized boat.
Our boat is connected to
the coast guard, so they will
come rescue us. Dont worry.
Theyll be here soon, the 46year-old captain told passengers. AFP

T. Ramakrishnan
COLOMBO: In line with his call
for establishing a new political
culture of consensus, President and Sri Lanka Freedom
Party (SLFP) chief Maithripala Sirisenatook part in the
69thanniversary of the United
National Party. The party led
by Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe was till recently
the principal political adversary of the SLFP.
Addressing a gathering at
the UNP headquarters, near
here, Mr. Sirisena said the new
coalition was determined to
make the new political culture
a reality. The President cautioned members of both parties against underestimating
the strength of the enemy.
Mr. Sirisena, in his speech,
thanked the UNP leadership
for supporting his candidature
during the Presidential election in January.
He also recalled how Mr.
Wickremesinghe
escorted
him from his house to the venue of the nal rally despite security officers warning him
against attending the event.
Mr. Wickremesinghe said
the government had two drivers [the President and himself], who would undertake
the political journey free of
hurdles. Last week, in his ceremonial address to Parlia-

The 20-year-old
committed suicide in
2013 by consuming
cyanide purchased
from the retailer
kitchen item, said the suit
led in late July that also
names the vendor and his
company as defendants.
By the spring 2013 semester, she was being investigated for academic misconduct.
She was barred from registering for classes and ordered to
leave her dorm while awaiting
a hearing for the misconduct.
On February 8, 2013, the
day of the hearing, her roommate found her unresponsive
in their dorm, and she was
pronounced dead hours later.
Amazon offered cyanide for
sale until February 2, 2013,
just days before her death and
before that the poison had
been purchased more than 50
times by customers in the
U.S., resulting in at least 11
deaths besides her, according
to the suit.
The New York Daily News
reported that Amazon did not
return requests for comment.
PTI

lies. While some Western ofcials say even Assads allies


now recognise he cannot win
back and stabilise Syria,
Moscow is setting out its case
for supporting him in ever
more forthright terms.
Russias Foreign Minister
in recent days reiterated the
Russian view that Assad is a
legitimate leader, slammed
the U.S. position to the contrary as counterproductive, and likened the Wests
approach to Syria to its failures in Iraq and Libya.
Russia, meanwhile, continues to supply Assad with
weapons. A Syrian military
official told Reuters there
has recently been a big
shift in Russian military
support, including new
weapons and training.
Our ties are always developing but in these days a
qualitative shift has hap-

35 more
bodies
recovered

Sirisena ushers in
culture of consensus

Failure of Syria diplomacy exposes divisions


BEIRUT/MOSCOW:

SEOUL: At least 10 people died


and eight are missing after a
South Korean shing charter
boat capsized, the coastguard
said on Sunday, while three
survived after clinging to the
wreckage for 10 hours.
The 9.77-tonne Dolphin
went missing off the southwest coast near the island of
Chuja on Saturday night and
its wreckage was found on
Sunday morning.
The three survivors have
been rescued and own by
helicopter to a hospital on Jeju island south of Chuja.
It has been determined
that 21 people were on board
the ill-fated boat, with three
having been rescued, 10
found dead and eight missing, Lee Pyung-hyun, chief
of the Jeju coast guard, was
quoted by Yonhap news agency as saying.
More than 50 naval and
coastguard vessels, as well as
a Lynx helicopter and a P-3C
maritime patrol plane, were
searching for the missing.
One survivor said the boat
capsized in an instant before many passengers were
swept away by strong waves.
I was sleeping when the
boats engine went off and the
captain told us to get out and
water started to ll the boat,
the 38-year-old surnamed
Park told Yonhap.
Park said he and other survivors climbed on top of a
oating piece of the boat and
held on for more than 10

Militant owns up to blast


that killed Druze leader
BEIRUT: Syrian state media

said on Sunday that an Islamist insurgent had confessed after his arrest to
being behind two car bomb
blasts that killed 37 people
in the south of the country
on Friday, including a
Druze leader.
The explosions had provoked protests by Druze in
the city of Sweida during
pened. We call it a qualitative
shift in Arabic, which means
big, the Syrian official said.
Such assertions are difficult
to verify, but U.S. Secretary
of State John Kerry expressed his concern over re-

which six government security personnel were


killed and a statue of Syrian President Bashar alAssad's father was destroyed, a monitor said.
A Lebanese Druze leader who backs the uprising
against Assad had blamed
the government for the
killing of Sheikh Wahid alBalous. Reuters
ports of increased Russian
involvement in a telephone
call with Russian Foreign
Minister Sergei Lavrov on
Saturday. The New York
Times, citing American intelligence analysts, said Russia

had sent a military advance


team to Syria.
Reecting the logjam over
Assad, some of the ideas being tabled for advancing a political process sidestep the
question of his future altogether at least for now, according to a diplomat
tracking the conict.
Yet this remains the biggest single obstacle to breaking a diplomatic impasse
around a war whose repercussions are being felt like
never before in Europe,
which faces a migration crisis
fuelled by Syrian refugees.
In turn, it is a big complication for efforts to ght the
Islamic State (IS) group that
has ourished in the bloodshed of a conict that has
killed a quarter of a million
people and driven another 11
million from their homes.
Reuters

Pro-junta
charter rejected
by Thai council
BANGKOK: A council appointed
by Thailands junta on Sunday rejected a draft constitution, a move expected to delay
a return to democracy.
Critics had pilloried the
document as divisive, antidemocratic and aimed at prolonging military rule. But its
rejection in a vote by the National Reform Council (NRC)
means the painstaking process of drafting a charter will
have to start again, potentially pushing back the timetable
for elections to 2017.
Of the 240 members who
voted, 135 were against the
document and 105 in favour.
Those in favour were less
than half of NRC members, it
means this NRC meeting has
voted against the charter,
NRC chairman Tienchai Kiranan said. AFP

President Maithripala
Sirisena has said that
the new coalition will
make politics of
consensus a reality.
PHOTO: REUTERS

ment and speech at the


SLFPs 64thanniversary, Mr.
Sirisena stressed on the need
to
build
reconciliation
among communities and take
the country towards speedy
socio-economic progress and
human development.
He also called for ending,
what he described as, hate
politics.
Palany Thigambaram, Tamil Progressive Alliance leader and Minister for Upcountry
Villages Development, said
UNPs anniversary cleared
misgivings about the new coalition lasting for two years.
I am now condent it will
last even ve years, Mr. Thigamabaram said.

Air strikes rock Yemen capital

SANAA: Air strikes rocked the


Yemeni capital on Sunday after
the Saudi-led coalition vowed
to press its air war following a
rebel missile strike that killed
60 Gulf soldiers.

The United Arab Emirates


had pledged to quickly avenge
its heaviest ever military loss
after 45 of its soldiers were
killed in Fridays missile attack,
along with 10 Saudis and five
Bahrainis.
Coalition warplanes struck
military bases on the Nahdain
and Fajj Attan hills and the
neighbouring presidential
complex, south of Sanaa.
AFP

Plane carrying 7 crashes off Senegal


DAKAR: A medical evacuation
plane carrying seven people,
including a French patient,
went down off the coast of
Senegal, officials said on
Sunday.
The twin-engine aircraft,
which was flying from Burkina
Faso to Senegal, disappeared
from radars shortly after 7 p.m.

on Saturday while flying over


the Atlantic, 111 kilometres west
of the capital Dakar, Senegal's
civil aviation authority Anacim
said in a statement.
Senegals air force was
searching the area for the
wreckage of the plane that left
Burkina Faso's capital
Ouagadougou for Dakar. AFP
ND-ND

| 15

BUSINESS

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

BSE roll-over facility in SLB from today

CCI nod for EMC to buy more stake

RIL conducts tests in KG-D6 block

In a bid to increase participation in the stock lending


and borrowing (SLB) market, BSE will introduce the
roll-over facility from Monday. PTI

The Competition Commission has cleared EMCs proposed


acquisition of 19.77 per cent stake in McNally Bharat
Engineering Co. Ltd. PTI

Reliance Industries has tested successfully


presence of natural gas in one of the two KGD6
block natural gas discoveries. PTI

SMALL BANKS AND PAYMENTS BANKS

BRIEFLY
MOZAMBIQUE ACQUISITION

OFFER SCOPE FOR INNOVATION AND CREATION OF NEW KINDS OF PRODUCTS

OVL reaps Rs.700-cr gain


on euro bonds issue
NEW DELHI: ONGC Videsh Ltd, the
overseas arm of Oil and Natural
Gas Corp , has made a gain of
about Rs.700 crore on a euro
loan it had raised to finance its
Mozambique acquisition. OVL had
raised Euro 525 million (about
$712 million) through a 7-year
bond issue in July last year to
part finance its $4.125 billion
purchase of a 16 per cent stake
in Mozambiques offshore
Rovuma Area 1, which holds as
much as 75 trillion cubic feet of
gas reserves. PTI

DRUG INNOVATION

Wockhardt to enhance
R&D capabilities
MUMBAI: Wockhardt will
continue to strengthen its R&D
capabilities to develop
innovative and technologically
advanced medicines. In a
message to the shareholders,
Wockhardt Managing Director
Murtaza Khorakiwala said the
firm has set up three worldclass, multi-disciplinary R&D
facilities in India, the U.K. and
the U.S., which are engaged in
studies and experiments to
develop new drugs and novel
drug delivery systems for
tomorrow. PTI

EASING FINANCIAL STRESS

J&N seeks shareholders


nod for new subsidiary
KOLKATA: Jenson & Nicholson
(India) Ltd. will seek
shareholders nod on September
29 to float a wholly-owned
subsidiary to transfer its brand
and trademarks to it to ease
financial stress. The brand name
of the company and its products
still carry substantial value.
Therefore, J&N proposes to float
a fully owned subsidiary. PTI

Big opportunity for IT


firms: Nasscom chief
I

ndustry lobby Nasscom sees a


massive opportunity for the domestic tech companies in payments banks and small nance
banks, but warned the industry
that they need to nd out innovative solutions to help these lenders ensure cost-effective delivery
of services.
It is a massive opportunity in
a country like ours. It is not only
a massive opportunity, it is also
one with incredible scope for innovation and creation of new
kinds of products, which are relevant for our development, Nasscom
president
R.
Chandrashekhar told PTI .
He was quick to add that this is
also a big challenge as the tech
companies have to come up with
solutions, which are relevant to a
developing country like India
and make economic sense.
Reducing the cost of transaction to a level where people are
able to make low value transac- challenge, he said.
In a rst for the ourishing
tions on mobile with more convenience and security is one such technology space, the countrys
fth largest IT exporter Tech
Mahindra
has
successfully
bagged a payments banks licence, along with 10 others from
a diverse set which includes telecom majors and large corporates.
After being given the in-principle nod by the RBI last month,
Tech Mahindra had said it would
support similar efforts in other
developing markets and would
R. CHANDRASHEKHAR President, Nasscom
be creating a digital plus physical

THIS IS GOING TO BE THE MOST


IMPORTANT ENABLER FOR THE
GOAL OF MOVING TOWARDS A
CASHLESS ECONOMY.
,

Analysts are of the view


that this is a bonanza for
the tech vendors. Infosys
has already come out with
dedicated offerings
bank. As many of the selected
names included deep-pocket entities such as Reliance Industries, Aditya Birla Group and Bharti
Airtel, among others, analysts
were of the view that this was a
bonanza for the tech vendors.

Companies like Infosys have


already come out with dedicated
offerings for the new kind of
lenders.
Reserve Bank Governor Raghuram Rajan has said it would
come out with the list of selected
applicants to start small nance
banks by the end of this month.
The payments banks are intended to house transactional accounts for individuals, focusing
on payments and remittances.
Having a strong network
across the country is a primary
necessity for the success of the
idea.
The small nance banks will
operate in local areas, with an
intimate knowledge of the communities they serve, and will undertake both deposit taking and
lending functions.
Both the new set of banks, with
which the RBI is kick-starting
the process of introducing differentiated banking, are intended to
deepen nancial inclusion.
This is going to be the most
important enabler for the goal of
moving towards a cashless economy, Mr. Chandrashekhar said.
Recently, the RBI granted inprinciple approval to 11 rms to
start payments banks. The licences were given with the key
objective of furthering nancial
inclusion to migrant labour
workforce, small businesses, low
income households and others.
PTI

India set for take-off, says economist


NEW DELHI: India is on the cusp

of a take-off and we must not


miss this opportunity, former Chief Economic Adviser
in the Manmohan Singh-led
UPA government and the
World Banks Washingtonbased
Chief
Economist
Kaushik Basu told Prime
Minister Narendra Modi.
While 10 per cent growth
seems unlikely, sustained 8
per cent per annum growth is
possible and this will transform the nation in 20 years,
with per capita income
breaching the $10,000 mark,
he said.
Determination and passion are important but not
enough to drive a complex
machinery like the modern
economyThey need to be
backed up with data, analysis
and strategic thinking, Dr.
Basu said in an exclusive email interview to The Hindu.
He also said that India
looks best placed to provide
an engine for the world economy. India is one of the
brightest spots in this rma-

ment [protracted global


growth slowdown since
2008]It is expected that India will top the worlds
growth rates table of major
economies this yearThis has
not happened before.

It is possible for India


to step up its exports,
be a hub of global
education, and take
major strides in the
manufacturing sector
but for all this a
combination of
policies is needed

INTERVIEW
With Chinas economy in a
tough phase, the U.S. economy, which grew at an impressive 3.7 per cent in the
second quarter of 2015, and
now has unemployment
down at 5.1 per cent, is acting
as a bit of an engine for the
world, he said. The world
economy today is too enormous to run on a single engine and needs other
driversInterestingly,
the
country that looks best placed
to provide the second engine
for the world economy is
India.
It is possible for India to
step up its exports, be a hub of
global education, and take
major strides in the manufacturing sector but for all this a
combination of policies is
needed, ranging from exchange rate management to

Kaushik Basu
micro-level stimuli, Dr. Basu
told Prime Minister Modi, in
a very good meeting on the
economy.
Take, for instance, he said,
even a simple phenomenon
like a sharp rise in the price of
onions. This cannot be ended by sending out batonwielding policeWe need research to understand its
source and then devise policies which will entail a mixture of micro-economic and
macro-economic
interventions.
Dr. Basu stressed that In-

dia is a diverse society and


we have to strive for greater
inclusiveness so that all individuals, irrespective of their
caste, race and religion, feel a
part of society. This, he said,
will bring out the best in the
people and help nurture the
nations development.
With no end in sight of the
global economic crisis even
after seven years, he said it
should be called the Long Depression. The global economy is going through a difficult
phaseThe global growth
slowdown we have seen since
2008 may be less deep than
the Great Depression, but it is
turning out to be more protracted than the Great De-

Nissan turns to luxury SUV to build brand


NEW DELHI: Nissan plans to

bring in high-end performance cars and sports utility


vehicles from its global portfolio to the Indian market
next year to enhance its
brand image in the country,
where it has struggled so far
to cement its position.
Nissan, which is present in
India through, Nissan Motor
India, also plans to renew its
entire product line-up beginning 2017.
We have a plan to evolve
our product line-up. As for
2017, we will have a renewal
of all Nissan models, Nissan
India Operations President
Guillaume Sicard told PTI.
I cannot disclose too
much, but we are changing
the tone of our products, injecting very strong amount of
style and also being very SUV
oriented, because this is who
we are and this is what customers want in India, he
added.
In the meantime, the company plans to bring in highend performance cars and
SUVs as part of brand buildCM
YK

ing exercise.
We are busy studying on
importing some halo cars either on the performance side
or the SUV side, so we are
going to see such products
coming in next year, Mr. Sicard said.
While he did not disclose
the identity of the high models the company plans to
bring to India, globally it sells
various sports cars such as
the GT-R, 370Z Roadsters
and SUVs like Patrol.
Nissan currently sells models like Micra, Datsun Go,
Sunny and Terrano under
two brands Nissan and Datsun, in India.
Last year, Nissan launched
the Datsun Go in India, mark-

ing the global comeback of


the brand after nearly three
decades.
The company, however,
has received a lukewarm response for the brand in the
Indian market and is now
looking to enhance its appeal
in the country.
I think we keep on learning about the Indian market,
its a long process and can be a
bit chaotic...we are working
on developing the brand. We
are launching innovative new
products, well have a new
product arriving next year
that will also be a segment
breaker for the value it offers, Mr. Sicard said on the
Datsun brand.
He said the company is 100
per cent committed towards
the Indian market and is
ready with next wave of investment at the Nissan-Renault alliance plant in
Chennai.
There is one thing, that is
100 per cent clear and there is
no doubt at all, that we are
100 per cent committed to
the Indian market, he added.

The new round of investment would be on developing


new products and could also
be utilised to slightly increase
the capacity of the plant. The
Nissan-Renault Alliance has
already invested Rs.5,000
crore in the plant.
We are committed to keep
investing in India and the second wave of investments is
ready for the Indian market,
he said without sharing details.
On tax refund issues with
Tamil Nadu and reports of
the company threatening to
hold back investments in the
state, Mr. Sicard said: We
want to invest in Tamil Nadu
to keep on having adequate
infrastructure. So we have
been talking with state government for the last 6-9
months to expand the plant
and to see how they can support us. We are coming to an
agreement with State government but there is only one
little thing we need to make
sure that everything is clear
to nish up the phase one of
the investment. PTI

pression wasWe are now in


the seventh year of this crisis
and the end is not in sightMaybe we should call this
the Long Depression.
He said the World Bank
had in June forecast a growth
of 1.5 per cent for 2015 for the
Euro area, but with the recent
turbulence in China and given the strong trade links between China and Germany,
this will have to be revised
downwards.
China, he said, has a difficult stretch ahead since it has
to perform the balancing act
of curtailing its large overall
debt without slowing down
the real economy too much.
Thats a ne line.
A U.S. rate hike may not be
as effective, he said, with so
many central banks currently
injecting liquidity, it is unlikely to achieve the increase
in interest rates across the
U.S. economy that would
have occurred in a less globalised worldthe main thing
that will happen as a result of
a Fed rate hike is that the dollar will get strengthened.
(Full interview at http://
thne.ws/1NjupDV)

NEW DELHI: Coffee exports


jumped by 14 per cent to 1.43
lakh tonnes during April-August period of this scal from
1.26 lakh tonnes in the yearago period, despite lower
global prices, according to the
Coffee Board.
In value terms, coffee exports rose about 12 per cent to
Rs.2,414 crore in April-August 2015, from Rs.2,148
crore in the year-ago period,
Coffee Board data showed.
Coffee exports witnessed a
surge despite lower realisation of Rs.1,68,366 per tonne
during the period against
Rs.1,70,352 per tonne last
year.
Export realisation remained lower due to fall in
global prices reacting to the
currency depreciation in Brazil. India exports both Arabica and Robusta varieties,
besides instant coffee.
Major export destinations
for coffee are Italy, Germany,
Turkey, Russia and Belgium,
among others.
According to the International Coffee Organisation
(ICO), while the global coffee
market seems to have no immediate supply concerns,
stock levels in most produc-

Coffee production
for the current
marketing year is
expected to touch
a new peak of 3.56
lakh tonnes
ing countries are waning.
While there is a moderate
buffer in importing country
warehouses, this may not be
sufficient to cover any significant negative shock to
production.
This could leave the market highly susceptible to a
rapid surge in prices, as seen
previously in March 2014 and
early 2011, if production fails
to meet expectations, ICO
said in its latest report.
Coffee production is expected to touch a new peak of
3.56 lakh tonnes in the 201516 marketing year (OctoberSeptember) as the crop prospects are encouraging due to
adequate rains in most growing states.
The countrys total coffee
output has reached a record
3.27 lakh tonnes in the ongoing 2014-15 coffee year. PTI

Snapdeal to invest
$100 m in Shopo
NEW DELHI: e-commerce major

Snapdeal will invest $100 million (Rs.665 crore) in Shopo


as it looks to build up the venture into a one million sellerstrong platform. Shopo is a
mobile-only platform, which
aims to bring small and medium businesses (SMBs) that
cannot register on bigger ecommerce portals.

We launched Shopo in
mid-July and we already have
20,000 shops on the platform. The response we have
got, only from word of mouth,
is overwhelming, Snapdeal
co-founder and CEO Kunal
Bahl said. The company will
infuse about $100 million
over the next two years to expand the Shopo brand. PTI

CIL plans changes in HR policy


Indrani Dutta

Puja Mehra &


TCA Sharad Raghavan

Coffee exports up
14% in Apr-Aug

KOLKATA: Maharatna public

sector Coal India Ltd. is planning some major changes in


its HR policy with respect to
its managerial cadres.
Chasing a billion tonne
production target, would require a human resource management that is more
strategic than transactional,
it was felt. The major shift
that was being envisaged in
CILs HR policy were in the
area of promotions and transfers.
At present promotions are
by interview in the grade of
E-7 (the rank of deputy general manager) and rest only
by seniority. This is proposed
to be junked. Senioritybased promotion will deprive
high-performers and promote mediocrityCIL cannot
achieve high growth with policies and a standard which
promote mediocrity, an internal document on the proposed changes said. High
performers and those with
potential will get preference
over average or non performers through a merit-based
promotion policy.

The management team is


going to be dominated by
young generation leaders
with multiple capabilities and
diverse aspirations, it said.
Changes are also being proposed in the transfer policy
and these two aspects, currently under discussion, will
be revisited in December
2015. It was learnt that the
grade which attracts compulsory transfer is proposed to
be lowered (currently deputy
general manager).
Three separate committees
have been set up to examine
these issues, which are also
being discussed with the officers associations it was
learnt. CIL and its subsidiaries have some 18,500
officers.
The average age of CILs
executive cadre is about 47
years and about 750 executives from the middle and senior management are retiring
annually.
To ll the vacuum and to
stem the knowledge erosion,
that is being thus created, the
PSU has already begun infusing new blood. It has begun
hiring from the Indian Institutes of Technology and the

National
Institutes
of
Technology.
So far, 6,000 have been inducted in this manner and
5,500 more are proposed to
be hired by 2020. The challenge now is to retain and
nurture this talent through
an accelerated mechanism to
enable them to assume leadership roles later.
CIL said that the people in
CIL will have to demonstrate
a high level of engagement
and extraordinary capabilities in the areas of project,
environment and risk management. The management
will have to provide an inspiring and empowering work environment.
Mere incremental improvements of the current
HR processes and practices in
CIL can no longer deliver the
desired result for realisation
of the companys ambitious
plan, it was felt. The challenge is to retain, nurture the
new talent through a fast
track mechanism to help
them assume leadership
roles.
CIL should become an
employer of choice a CIL director said.

e-commerce impact: Mall rentals


down 30 per cent, says study
Yuthika Bhargava

45 per cent of malls


are expected to be
converted into nonretail space within
next 15 years. These
are likely to be
replaced with movie
theatres, restaurants
and discount retailers

NEW DELHI: Hit by growing

popularity of online shopping


in India, the shopping malls
are witnessing lesserfootfalls
leading to increase in vacancy
rate at 25 per cent, alongwith
a 30 per cent drop in rentals
during the last year,according to the study.
The Assocham-PricewaterhouseCoopers study added that e-commerce industry
seemsto be unaffected by the
demand slowdown and is
likely to clock compounded
annual growth rate of 35 per
cent,crossing the $100-billion mark over the next ve
years, from about $17 billion
at present.
It pointed out that the
trend in Indian malls is in linewith the declining number
of footfalls in retail space inover 200 shopping malls
across the U.S., the U.K. and

othercountries. While in the


U.S., vacancy rates for malls is
46 per cent, in the U.K. it
stands at 32 per cent.
It is true that the online
shopping has shown handsome growth while the brick
and mortar malls are witnessing slowdown. It looks that
the growth in e-commerce
looks impressive because of

quite a low base and increasing penetration of internet,


Assocham Secretary General
D.S. Rawat said.
The study found that in India, sales in shopping malls
dipped by 25-30 per cent,
while footfalls fell by 15-20
per cent over thelast year.
The challenges of suburban sprawl, worsening auto-

motive traffic, rising fuel


prices and the increased difficulty of time management in
modern families have made
going to the mall a planned
activity, the paper reasoned.
It is estimated the number
of consumers buying online
in India will increase to 65
million in 2015, from 40 million , on the back of improvement in infrastructure such
aslogistics and broadband
and Internet-ready devices.
ND-ND

16 |

BUSINESS PLUS

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

Immense potential to run buses


on alternative fuels in India
S
G. Balachandar

wedish commercial vehicle firm


Scania, now owned by Volkswagen Group, is the latest European brand that seeks to carve a
niche in the Indian premium truck and
bus markets. Scania has been a frontrunner in promoting sustainable transport solutions globally. It seeks to do the
same in India too. Its bus plant, commissioned in March this year, has a biogas production, which will help produce
alternative fuels locally. Thus, the company seeks to broaden the scope for
manufacturing more products powered
by alternative fuels. Anders Grundstrmer, Managing Director, Scania India and Senior Vice President, Scania
Group spoke to The Hindu about companys plans and transport sector in India. Excerpts

Passengers in India are


gradually but effectively
understanding the necessity
for safe transport, and are
consciously opting for more
comfortable options of travel

manufactured ethanol run green buses


to Nagpur Municipal Corporation.
How are the regulations evolving in
India for safe and comfortable mobility
solutions?

Passengers in India are gradually but


effectively understanding the necessity
for safe transport, and are consciously
opting for more comfortable options of
travel. The growing demand for safe
travel among the passengers in India
has driven the transport bodies to chart
How have you been growing after the
launch of your local assembly facilities? out new reforms leveraging the clause
for safety. At Scania, we are persistent in
The response is really good, we are our messaging, emphasising on road
able to achieve 80 per cent on local- safety and passenger comfort, we will
isation of the complete product and 100 ensure this in action through our prodper cent on the bus body. Our first batch ucts. I am confident that road safety
of premium Metrolink buses to KSRTC scenario in India is changing for good.
was locally manufactured. Our aim is to
achieve 100 per cent localisation. Our
Despite improvements in road
current capacity can produce up to
conditions, accidents and fatalities
1,000 buses and 2,500 trucks and we set
involving buses are still high in India. Is
to double our capacity to 2,500 buses
lack of focus on driver training a major
and 5,000 trucks in the next five years.
cause?
We have received orders from both
As you rightly pointed out, driver
State Transport Undertakings (STUs)
and private players, we will be soon training plays very crucial part in the
transport grid. A well trained driver has
handing over locally
so much to offer at the time of emergency and adding value to the total operating economy (TOE) of
the fleet operation. A trained
driver can avert major onroad accidents through efficient handling of the
vehicle, while also increase the fuel efficiency
up to 11 per cent which
can cause huge impact to
operational economy.
Scania is very serious
about training the drivers. We have an intense
programme for drivers
at our training academy and all our customers ensure that their
drivers are trained at
our academy before getting the vehicles on the
road.
SKETCH: L.BALAMURUGAN

What are your views on the introduction


of bus code in India?

It is a good thing that new norms and


regulations are laid down in order to
improve passenger comfort and safety.
This is a sign that safety and comfort is
taken more seriously. The road transport department should contrive secure
codes for driver training as well. All the
bus manufacturers in India should welcome this move and adhere to the norms
meticulously. Usage of poor materials to
build buses can double the impact and
intensity of on-road mishaps. Badly
maintained bus, with passengers
cramped inside the bus throughout the
journey, broken seats and raised steps
are common sighting on the roads, will
now be a thing of the past. A safe and
comfortable travel will encourage commuters to opt for local transport over
personal vehicles. This will also keep
peak hours traffic congestion and carbon emission under check.
What is your
take on Road
Transport and
Safety Bill
2015?
Our vision for
India compliments Indias
economic and
transport vision
in every aspect.
Having
said
that, it is a good
thing that road transport is getting regulated as this secures common interest
for road and commuter safety. The
need for the hour is cost effective and
efficient transport system, and implementing the road transport and safety
bill will also ensure a place for alternative fuels among other vital amendments. This will be a huge step in
realising sustainable transport system
a reality in India.
Scania has been showing lot of interest
in green bus concepts. Do we see
Scania being a frontrunner in this
segment in India?
We launched the first ethanol bus in
Sweden in the 1980s, in the past three
decades we have been successfully running buses powered with alternative
fuels in many countries spanning
across Europe, Latin America, South
Africa and South East Asia. We have a
strong vision for sustainable transport
system in India, with this vision we
launched the first ethanol run Green
Bus in India last year and the response
so far is tremendous. The Green Bus is
currently plying in Nagpur on pilot
case, Nagpur Municipal Corporation
have expressed their interest in procuring more Green Buses, Uttar Pradesh government had called for
demonstration of Green Bus early this
year in Lucknow and are keen on running the buses on trial basis in the
cities of Lucknow and Agra. We also
received enquiry from BMTC (Bangalore
Metropolitan
Transport
Corporation).

he usual speculation as to
whether the Reserve Bank of
India will cut its repo rates sooner
rather than later is reaching a feverish pitch. Many market participants, who have a vested interest in
a softer interest regime, have been
quoted by the financial press as saying that a rate cut will happen most
probably during this month itself.
The current repo rate is 7.25 per
cent and the expectation is for a 0.25
percentage point cut to take it down
to 7 per cent.
The RBI has scheduled its next
monetary policy review for September 29 and this will be followed by
another one on December 1.
While obviously chances of a
monetary action are higher during a
scheduled review, the central bank
has not been averse to acting outside
the scheduled rates.
It is unfortunate but true that the
two camps one for an immediate
rate cut and the other for a graded
approach are seen to be presenting two diametrically opposite
views. Such a clear cut division is
certainly not warranted and in any
case does not obtain in the real
world.
The main reason why such a dichotomy exists in monetary policy
formulation is that those who believe that a softer interest rate regime, think that it to be a panacea for
all known and unknown economic
ills while the other category will
have to reckon with other macro
economic concerns.
This in turn is being portrayed as
pro-rate cutters versus the RBI, represented notably by its Governor.
There is very little to suggest that
the RBI is loath to cut rates till it
becomes absolutely necessary.
Much of the recent utterances of the
Governor have been rooted in macro economic concerns, which are
amply supported by hard economic
data. It is interesting, but, he has not
totally ruled out a cut in the repo
rate. Rather, he would like the RBI
to get a firmer grip over consumer
price inflation, which has become
the policy reference point. The recent turmoil in the global financial
markets caused by problems in China is another reminder that one cannot be too cautious. The orthodox
stance in the face of such unprecedented turmoil is to maintain the
status qua at the very least.

But one constituency which


has been ignored are the
depositors, especially those
who depend on bank
interest for their livelihood
proach that has served well.

Sane utterances

In the Annual Report 2014-15 released during the last week of August, the RBI has once again stressed
the importance of reforms to spur
economic growth. The report pointed out the consumer price inflation
was in the higher end of the Banks
projections for January. There are
structural concerns to growth and
the banking system faces serious
problems in the matter of non-performing assets (NPAs). The tenor of
the Annual Report has been interpreted to mean that there will be no
immediate monetary easing. Such
facile interpretations can be very
wrong.
The RBI Governor has said in
some informal meetings that he was
not averse to a rate cut. In other
words, there is no dogma that guides
the countrys monetary policy.
In any case, the Annual Report is a
report of the RBIs board of directors to the Central Government.
While it does cover the macro-economy, its accent is on its internal
working of final accounts of the
countrys central bank as it were. It
is not meant to be a dissertation on
the monetary policy.
However, it has made some important points which lend weight to
a discussion on rate cuts. For instance, it repeats the point made in
previous credit policies: big banks
have been unwilling to pass on previous rate cuts (0.75 percentage
points) and this has delayed monetary transmission. Until the transmission is complete further rate
cuts will be ineffective.
Banks, however, have their own
reasons for not lowering their commercial lending rates. There has to
be a correlation between deposit
rates and lending rates. The former
will take sometime to come down.
Another data which supports the
case for lower interest rate comes
from the recent CSO data on GDP
growth for the first quarter of the
current fiscal year. At seven per
cent, it is lower than expected. Immediately the cry for a rate cut has
Global markets
become strident, but there has to be
For, Chinas problems have a more nuanced approach.
morphed into a crisis affecting India
The current GDP data methodoland other emerging markets as well. ogy has still not found acceptance
The most important consequence across the table. Even to an average
has been an increase in risk aversion reader it is very confusing.
on the part of global funds which
Here could be more substance to
might mean a reverse flow of capital the argument that India has to reckto the U.S. and other developed on with deflation in many countries.
countries. The rupee has fallen and
There are many points for as well
the stock markets have tumbled ac- as against a rate cut. But one constitcompanied by great volatility. India uency which has been ignored are
might still be a bright spot among the depositors, especially those who
emerging market countries and a depend on bank interest for their
few developed ones but it is still not livelihood.
time to do away with a cautious apcrl.thehindu@gmail.com

How strong is your dealer and service


network in India now and what are your
immediate term focus areas?
We have a healthy proportion of dealer networks in India. Our south base is
strong and we are expanding rapidly in
other geographies too. We recently
launched a dealership in Bangalore and
the number is growing. After establishing dealer and service networks in the
western region of India, now our focus is
in the northern region.
Aftermarket services are important
component of customer satisfaction,
understanding this, we have invested in
service vans in the important national
highway routes. These vans will reach
the breakdown points within two hours
of fault reporting.
balachandar.g@thehindu.co.in

FARMER'S NOTEBOOK

S. Annamalai

CM
YK

Premium segment makes up


to a small composition in the
bus market of India but this is
growing rapidly. There is growing conscious among the fleet
operators and passengers for
safety and premium comfort.
This demand has led to opening
of the market for premium players. All the Scania products are
same universally and we maintain same quality standard
throughout our markets globally. This
aspect itself is an USP of Scania in India,
and we do not compromise on quality in
order to come up with cheaper version
of products. We offer superior, safe and
robust products that deliver excellent
fuel efficiency and Total Operating
Economy (TOE). Scania Metrolink is
the safest bus in India with progressive
safety system and ultra-premium comfort features. In addition to this we have
first-class aftermarket service, and customer support solutions such as Fleet
Management Service (FMS) and driver
training programme. Our current market share is close to 30 per cent in the
intercity bus segment. While in the city
bus segment, we are looking at launching products that will run on bio-fuels.

An edible food forest raised


on zero-cost principle

System mapping of the farm, including the co-ordinates of each tree.


This helped in identifying the nature and yield of each tree and eliminate the ones that bore less than 75
nuts.
Five hundred trees were removed
and fertigation was optimised. The
yield went up to 225 nuts per tree in
2010, against 135 in 2006. Still it
was unprofitable as the price was
not under the farmer's control, says
Mr. Senthilnathan.
The price has not improved much
-- it was Rs.6 per coconut in 1998,
Rs.4 in 2008 and Rs.8 in 2015.
At this time, a study of daily
weather readings at the farm revealed a truth rainfall is falling due

C. R. L. Narasimhan

What will be Scanias brand positioning


in the Indian bus market?

Makes farming a profitable venture

Dont ignore depositors

India has immense opportunity to


run buses powered with alternative
fuels, for instance, states such as Uttar
Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and
Tamil Nadu are major producers of sugarcane from which ethanol is produced.
Bio-fuels can be produced from agrowaste and sewage as well, this will give
scope to convert local waste to local fuel
for local transport. We have signed MoU
with Swedfund to establish sewage
treatment plant in Nagpur to produce
bio-gas. Growing economy like India
should have a strong sustainable transport agenda, as urbanisation will keep
bustling and the need for transport will
increase and so will the carbon emission. By opting for locally manufactured
fuel we can ensure empowerment of
farmers, reduce the oil import burden
on the economy and efficient waste
management in the country. The technology that we have to support sustainable transport system is here and now.

MULTI-TIER CROPPING ENHANCES THE SOIL QUALITY

urvabhumi, the adisil vanam (edible food forest), spread across 107
acres at Mudukulam village of Gandarvakottai taluk in Pudukottai district of Tamil Nadu, was once a
cashew grove. It has been brought to
this shape over 22 years of hard
work, continuous financial loss and
a determination to make farming a
profit-making venture. The turnaround was made possible with analytical reasoning, costing and
application
of
appropriate
technology.
The cashew grove was bought in
1993-94 for raising palmarosa grass
when R. Senthilnathan, an entrepreneur of Tiruchi, who now manages
the farm, was a student. The project
was given up soon as the yield was
low. Sugarcane replaced palmarosa,
but it was also given up due to delay
in receipt of cutting order and payment from sugar mills. It gave way
for banana, which again, proved to
be labour-intensive and failed to
yield profit due to price fluctuation.
Coconut was planted in 1997-98 but
the revenue was low due to disease
and lower yields.
Mr. Senthilnathan returned from
the U.S. to look after his farm in
2005. He opted for precision farming after Geographical Information

FINANCIAL SCENE

to global warming. Against an average annual rainfall of 90-120 cm, it


was 47 cm in 2012, 54 cm in 2013 and
62 cm in 2014. I foresaw a problem
for agri business in this weather pattern, which paved the way to work
with nature. After consulting experts, I tried different schools of scientific methods. The results were
good but failed on economics. I realised that the only way out was ecological farming, recalls Mr.
Senthilnathan.
By stopping the use of fertilisers
and bringing down the labour cost
by focusing on essentials, the cost of
production came down. Every rupee
that was spent afterwards was only
towards planting seedlings, which is

an
investment
rather
than
expenditure.
A matrix of crops was drawn up
for the farm and a variety of trees
planted by applying permaculture
principles, simulating the features
of a natural eco-system. The farm
has a variety of timber, fruits, vegetables, spices, sugarcane, coffee and
cocoa.
A zero-cost principle adopted in
the farm meant that coconuts would
be collected after they fall from the
tree and not plucked. A solar dryer is
used to convert coconut into copra
and oil is extracted. Everything, except the oil, goes back to the soil.
Ultimately, I want only profit, not
revenue, says Mr. Senthilnathan.
After continuous losses since
1997-98, the farm registered a profit
of Rs.1.5 lakh per acre in 2014.
Today, it adopts multi-tier cropping to enhance the soil quality and
profit. We do not allow sunlight to
fall on the ground. The trees and
plants harvest sunlight, converting
energy into money, says Ammapettai Venkatachalam, an expert in organic farming. The farm plans to
start a centre to offer training in
organic farming and various other
practices.
More details about the food forest
can be had from Purvabhumi, Mudukulam, Gandarvakottai Taluk,
Pudukottai District 622203. Phone:
94425 70075 (P. Sunderraj, Farm
Manager).
annamalai.s@thehindu.co.in

Kharif sowing reaches 999 lakh hectares

he total area sown under kharif as


on September 4, 2015 has reached
998.67 lakh hectares compared to
979.40 lakh hectare last year at this
time, according to Agriculture Ministrys data.
According to the latest data, the area
under pulses and oilseeds has increased
during the period under reference, despite a deficient monsoon.
Rice has been sown/transplanted in
361.46 lakh hectares against 357.47
lakh hectare, pulses sown in 108.37 lakh
hectare (97.56 lakh hectare), coarse cereals 179.48 lakh hectare (170.42 lakh
hectare) and oilseeds 178.55 lakh hectare (173.38 lakh hectare).
Among cash crops, area under cotton
was lower 114.17 lakh hectare against
123.70 lakh tonnes,

Coarse cereals such as bajra,


jowar and ragi, have been sown
across 17.3 million hectares as of
last week in Rajasthan
The area under sugarcane is almost
at the same level at 48.84 lakh hectare
against 48.74 lakh hectare.
P. Narasimhan

Sustainable agricultural practices

olvay, an international chemical


group and a leader in guar derivatives has teamed up with LOral in a
scalable three-year project to teach and
promote sustainable agricultural practices among 1,500 guar bean farmers
across ten villages in Indias desert region of Bikaner, Rajasthan state. Solvay
is a world leader in guar derivatives and
supplies its customers who formulate
these ingredients in a variety of applications such as in food, cosmetics, oil &
gas extraction and textile industries.
Grown mainly in Indias semi-arid
regions, guar is the main resource for
many farming communities but its production is volatile as it relies on monsoon rains. Solvays sustainable guar

initiative aims to empower countless


farmers with the tools and knowledge
to cultivate the crop through good agricultural practices in accordance with
United Nations Food & Agricultural
Organisation), resulting in more continuous, high-yield production. LOreal, with its unique international
portfolio of 32 diverse and complementary brands, has generated sales
amounting to 22.5 billion euros in 2014
and employs 78,600 people worldwide.
As the worlds leading beauty company,
LOral is present across all distribution networks.
India is the worlds top guar producer
with about 80 percent of total production. S. Varadharajan

For more: http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/agriculture


ND-ND

SPORT

NOIDA/DELHI

THE HINDU

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

Clean sweep by
Ethiopians
MUMBAI: Ethiopian athletes
made a clean sweep of titles at
the PNB MetLife Satara Hill
half marathon 2015 on Sunday.
It was the fourth half marathon held at Satara district. A
press release said that a record
number of over 2600 participants took part in different categories like the 7.5 km dash, fun
run and the half marathon.
Biruk Jitar won the mens
race clocking 1:07:47s, while Fikirte Dechasa won the womens
race in 1:19:30s.
The winners received a prize
money of Rs. 1.5 lakh while the
runner-up and third placed received Rs. 1 lakh and Rs. 75,000.
The results (half marathon, all
Ethiopians) Men: 1. Biruk Jitar
1:07:47s; 2. Tamrat Gudeta 1:08:12s;
3. Gudisa Debele 1:08:32s.
Women: 1. Fikirte Dechasa
1:19:30s; 2. Birtukan Wake 1.20.00s;
3. Shiferanw Birtukan 1.21.00s.
Special Correspondent

India thrashes
Singapore
CHANGZHOU (CHINA): The Indian
junior womens team continued its winning ways, thrashing Singapore 12-0 in its
second encounter of the 7th
womens Junior Asia Cup
here on Sunday.
The result: India 12 (Preeti Dubey
2, Lily Mayebgbam 2, Anupa Balra 2,
Punam Balra, Jaspreet Kaur, Gurjit
Kaur, Lilima Minz, Navneet Kaur,
Deep Grace Ekka) bt Singapore 0.

Delhi, Manipur
win titles
VIJAYAWADA: Delhi boys and
Manipur girls hogged the
limelight in the National subjunior judo championship
that concluded at the DRRMC
indoor stadium here on Sunday.
Delhi boys garnered 21
points to finish on top while
Punjab (20) and Haryana (14)
finished second and third respectively.
In the girls section, Manipur with 22 points took the
top slot while Delhi (19) and
Haryana (16) took the second
and third slots.
Judo Federation of India
officials Jagdish Tytler, Mukesh Kumar and M.N. Jaiwal
gave away the prizes.

Treble for
Gayatri
BENGALURU: P. Gayatri Gopi
Chand secured a splendid treble of titles at the all-India subjunior ranking badminton
tournament in Kalaburagi on
Sunday.
The results (all finals): Boys:
U-15: Singles: Maisnam Meiraba bt
Aakash Yadav 21-15, 16-21, 21-11;
Doubles: Maisnam Meiraba & Akash
Thakur bt Dhruv Rawat & Pavan Krishna Thokala 23-21, 21-10.
U-13: Singles: Jayant Rana bt Bidyasagar Salam 22-20, 15-21, 21-15;
Doubles: Jayant Rana & Vikas Yadav
bt Ayush Raj Gupta & Balkeshwari
Yadav 19-21, 22-20, 21-19.
Girls: U-15: Singles: P. Gayatri
Gopi Chand bt Malvika Bansod 15-21,
23-21, 21-8.
Doubles: Vaishnavi Reddy Jakka
& Gayatri bt Simran Singhi & Ritika
Thaker 16-21, 21-15, 21-19.
U-13: Singles: Gayatri bt Samiya
Farooqui Imad 21-10, 21-17; Doubles: Samiya Farooqui Imad & S. Kavipriya bt Shreeya Chitoor & K.
Bhargavi 21-11, 21-14. Principal

Correspondent

Sensei triumphs
HYDERABAD: Sensei (Deep Shanker
up) claimed the Trainer P. Pratap Reddy Memorial Cup, the main event of
the races held here on Sunday.
Trained by K. Satheesh, the winner is
owned by Mr. M.A.M. Ramaswamy.
Owing to heavy rain rendering the
track unfit for racing the last three
races were cancelled.
1. CLASSIC STORY PLATE
(1,100m), Cat. III, 3-y-o & over, rated
upto 50: Eternal Gift (Koushik) 1,
Green Striker (C. Henrique) 2, My
Choice (Deepak Singh) 3, Chandraja
(Praveen Gaddam) 4. 1-3/4, 4, 4-1/4.
1m 08.27s. Rs. 7 (w), 5, 10 (p), SHP: Rs.
13, FP: Rs. 14, Q: Rs. 11, Tanala: Rs. 20.
Not run: Royal Glow. Favourite: Eternal Gift. Owners: M/s. Yadaiah Pilly,
Sunder Peshwani & K. Ram Gopal
Rao. Trainer: R.H. Sequeira.
2. AKKANNA PLATE (1,000m),
Cat. III, 3-y-o & over, rated upto 50:
Angel Bell (C. Henrique) 1, Dublin
(N. Rawal) 2, Sefarina (N. Ravinder
Singh) 3, Rocky Hill (Koushik) 4. 11/4, 4-3/4, 2. 1m 01.80s. Rs. 13 (w), 6,
17, 36 (p), SHP: Rs. 62, FP: Rs. 255, Q:
Rs. 154, Tanala: Rs. 2264. Favourite:
Angel Bell. Owner: Col. S.B. Nair.
Trainer: Anupam Sharma.
3. TRAINER P. PRATAP REDDY MEMORIAL CUP (1,600m),
Cat. II, 3-y-o & over, rated upto 75:
Sensei (Deep Shanker) 1, Red Rambble (S.S. Tanwar) 2, Silver Passion
(Aneel) 3, Glorious View (Khurshad
Alam) 4. 1-1/4, 2, 3-1/4. 1m 40.90s. Rs.
11 (w), 6, 8 (p), SHP: Rs. 16, FP: Rs. 27,
Q: Rs. 14, Tanala: Rs. 101. Favourite:
Sensei. Owner: Mr. M.A.M. Ramaswamy. Trainer: K. Satheesh.
4. HERITAGE CUP (D. I),
(1,200m), Cat. II, 4-y-o & over, rated
upto 75: Lopamudra (C. Henrique) 1,
Rosemonde (A.M. Tograllu) 2, Sunday
Beauty (P. Ajeeth Kumar) 3, Rock
Heights (R. Vaibhav) 4. 1, 2-1/2, 3/4.
1m 13.80s. Rs. 8 (w), 6, 7, 14 (p), SHP:
Rs. 18, FP: Rs. 20, Q: Rs. 16, Tanala: Rs.
106. Favourite: Lopamudra. Owners:
Dr. D. Ravi Chowdary, Mr. Teja Gollapudi, Dr. Prabhakar Chowdary Tripuraneni & Mr.T.Rakesh Reddy.
Trainer: Anupam Sharma.
Races 5, 6 and 7 were cancelled.
Treble: (i): Rs 60 (596 tkts); Jackpot: 70 per cent: Rs 16 (25236 tkts).
CM
YK

| 17

Joshna battles past Habiba for title


SQUASH / Englands Adrian Waller makes it a no-contest against Mahesh Mangaonkar
Special Correspondent
MUMBAI: Joshna Chinappa
smashed her way past Habiba
Mohammed 11-8, 11-9, 11-6 to
lift the womens title while Englands Adrian Waller backed
his reputation as the mens top
seed at the NSCI Open, a
$15,000 PSA event here on
Sunday. Wallers controlled
play carved out a 3-1 victory
over Mumbai lad Mahesh
Mangaonkar.
Joshna, seeded third and facing the top-seeded Egyptian,
kept her composure even after
she got hurt in bizarre circumstances. With the first game in
her pocket and up 3-1 in the
second, Joshnas face come in
contact with Habibas racquet
hand on the latters followthrough. The Indian crumpled
on court holding the side of her
face, went out for medical assistance and returned to the
court more alert and determined to slog for victory.
The contest between the aggressive Egyptian, ranked 19th,
against the experienced Indian,
ranked 28th and working the
angles, kept the chair umpire
busy due to frequent body
checks. Habiba was warned
twice, first after the followthrough into the face, then for
coaching assistance in game
three.
Joshna, relieved to have
pulled through in the face of
ferocity, said: On the circuit,
she is known to be aggressive.

The trick is to play your game


without thinking too much
about it. I went for my shots
and left it to the umpire to take
charge of the match.
Wincing from memory of
that blow, she added: Habiba
has a powerful follow-through
and I almost walked into it. I
almost felt like getting punched
in the face, luckily I could return to the court after treatment. My victory had to do with
experience. I have been on the
tour more than her.
Talking about squash rivalry
getting physical on court, the
champion said: I have been involved in physical finals before,
but girls play clean and fair. I
enjoy those contests, matches
are hard but you know rivals
play fair. Unlike her they do not
try to block so much. I tried not
to get in her way.
In the mens final Mahesh
clawed back in the third game,
14-12, after being kept at bay in
the first two by his left-handed
opponent. Waller then cut out
the errors in the fourth to pick
up the title.
I could not convert openings into points, he did not allow me to fight back. Adrian
showed what a huge talent he
is, said the third-seeded Indian later.
The results: Final: Women: Joshana Chinappa bt Habiba Mohammed
(Egy) 11-8, 11-9, 11-6.
Men: Adrian Waller (Eng) bt Mahesh Mangaonkar (Ind) 11-9, 11-2,
12-14, 11-6.

CRICKET

Abhinav, Rohith flay


Presidents XI bowlers
Special Correspondent
HYDERABAD: Skipper Abhinav
Mukund (142, 191b, 13x4, 5x6)
led from the front to help India
Cements, electing to bat, post
276 for two in 70 overs against
Hyderabad Presidents XI
when bad light stopped play on
the first day of the second
round of matches in the Coromandel King all-India Moinud-Dowla Gold Cup cricket
tournament here on Sunday.
It was a near-flawless display
from Abhinav who was judicious in his shot selection. In
the company of R. Rohith (95,
183b, 2x4, 3x6), he put on 241
for the first wicket in 60 overs .
For Presidents XI, neither
the medium-pacers Surya
Prasad, Kaneshkk Naidu and
Shadaab Tumbi nor the spinners left-armer A. Rajendra
and off-spinner Saaket Sai Ram
made any impact on the India Cements openers. What
was even more disappointing
was the negative line they bowled right from the first hour.

In control
With Abhinav playing aggressor, Rohit was content
playing second fiddle. Solid in
defence and using their feet to
punish the erring bowlers, the
two were in no discomfort during their stay in the middle.

It was the captain who fell


first, hitting straight to mid-on
while attempting to go over the
top off Rajendra. Rohith, on 89,
moved to 95 at tea with the
team score on 252 for one. He
was, however, out off the first
ball on resumption, missing the
line while trying to cut Rajendra. Soon, with dark clouds
gathering, the umpires called
off play.
In the other matches, Hanuma Viharis unbeaten 126
(179b, 10x4, 1x6) took Hyderabad XI to 253 for three in 67
overs against MRF, while
Umang Sharmas 141 not out
(243b, 19x4, 1x6) was the cornerstone of FCIs 251 against
Air India.
The scores (first day):
India Cements 276 for two in 70
overs (R. Rohith 95, Abhinav Mukund
142) vs Hyderabad Presidents XI.
Bad light stopped play.
Hyderabad XI 253 for three in 67
overs (B. Sandeep 33, Hanuma Vihari
126 batting, B. Yatin Reddy 62) vs
MRF. Rain stopped play.
FCI 251 in 75 overs (Umang Sharma 141 n.o., Prashanth Chowdhary
36, Badri Alam four for 51, Karan Dagar five for 64) vs Air India 13 for no
loss in 3.4 overs.
Sri Lanka 224 for eight in 64 overs
(Kusal Mendis 47, Angelo Jayasinghe
75, Lahiru Milantha 47, Mohd. Saif
three for 23) vs ONGC. Bad light
stopped play.

FIGHTING TITLE: Joshna Chinappa faced down a physically aggressive Habiba Mohammed to win the
womens crown.

Watson announces retirement from Test cricket


LONDON: Australias veteran allrounder Shane Watson announced on Sunday his
retirement from Test cricket.
The last of the 34-year-olds
10-year Test career came in the
Ashes opener at Cardiff which
England won by 169 runs.
Watson made 30 and 19 with
the bat, and failed to take a
wicket, causing him to lose his
place for the rest of the series.

Watsons Test retirement


was announced on Cricket
Australias official website.
Its been a decision that
hasnt come lightly, over the
last month especially, he said.
I know its the right time to
move on and still hopefully
play the shorter formats of the
game, one-dayers and T20s.
Ive been through a lot of
different waves of emotion

about what is right for myself,


my family and most importantly the team as well.
Watson, who captained his
country in one Test and nine
one-day internationals, steps
down after being ruled out of
the rest of the one-day international series by a calf injury
sustained in the tourists victory at Lords on Saturday.
An Ashes winner in 2013-14

and this years World Cup, he


informed his team-mates of
his decision on Sunday
morning.
It follows Australia Test
captain Michael Clarkes move
to retire from all forms of
cricket in the wake of the Ashes series defeat in England.
Watson played 59 Tests for
Australia, scoring 3,731 runs
and taking 75 wickets. AFP

King Charles in fine nick


HYDERABAD: King Charles, who is in
fine nick, may score in the Deccan
Colts Championship Stakes (1,600m),
the star attraction of the races to be
held here on Monday (Sept. 7).
There will be no false rails.
1
FOREST KING CUP (1,400m),
3-y-o & over, rated upto 50 (Cat. III),
12-55 p.m.: 1. Tinsel Town (1) Aneel
60.5, 2. The Healer (6) Kuldeep
Singh 59.5, 3. Bharat King (3) Ajeeth
Kumar 57.5, 4. Dorian ( 5) N. Rawal
51, 5. Oathofyourdaughter (2) G. Naresh 51 and 6. Fashionista (4) Kunal
Bunde 50.
1. The Healer, 2. Tinsel Town
2 ASAF JAH VII MEMORIAL
CUP (Div. I), (1,400m), 3-y-o & over
(Cat. I), 1-25: 1. Machiavellianism (9)
P. S. Chouhan 60, 2. Always Bullish
(1) Dashrath Singh 50, 3. Brahmani
(6) C. Henrique 50, 4. Tejaswini (7)
S. S. Tanwar 50, 5. Azaiba (3) A. S.
Pawar 50, 6. Golden Essence (5) P.
Gaddam 50, 7. Dandelion (8) Md.
Sameeruddin 50, 8. Ocean Side (4)
Arshad Alam 50 and 9. Street Magic
(2) Sai Kiran 50.
1. Machiavellianism, 2. Always
Bullish, 3. Brahmani
3 DECCAN PRINCE PLATE
(Div. II), (1,100m), maiden 3-y-o on-

East Bengal retains title


Principal Correspondent

ON CLOUD NINE: East Bengal's Mohammad Rafique


celebrates after scoring his teams third goal
against Mohun Bagan. PHOTO: PTI
evident from the television replays. East Bengal enjoyed an
advantage from this point and
added two more to its tally as
Mohammad Rafiq and Rahul
Bheke found the mark in the
81st and 90+3 minutes.
The title triumph signalled a
successful beginning to the sea-

NEW DELHI: The final day of competition in the Delhi Soccer Associations
League
Championship saw last years
runner-up Garhwal Heroes
Football Club end its campaign
in the Super League stage with
a 3-1 win over Youngmen
Sports Club to emerge on top of
the league table, edging past defending champion Indian Nationals FC by one point.
GHFC finished with 16
points from seven matches, followed by INFC on 15. IAF finished on 14 points. However,
the DSA officials did not make a
formal announcement of the
new champion following protests claiming GHFC had fielded ineligible players. The
matter has been referred to the
DSA managing committee with
a final decision likely in a couple of days.
Interestingly, even the second-placed INFC is under the
scanner for violent and abusive
behaviour by its coach, Hans
Raj, in its last outing on Friday.
INFC drew 2-2 with YSC that
put paid to its hopes of retaining the title.
In the days other match, Indian Air Force beat Delhi United FC by an identical margin to
finish third in standings after
being promoted only this year
from second division.
The results: GHFC 3 (Dammy,
Charles, Minluntung) bt YSC 1 (Shubham); IAF 3 (Manoj Joshi OG, Vivek,
Saurav) bt DUFC 1 (Jamesita).

FOOTBALL

KOLKATA: East Bengal rewrote


history by trouncing Mohun
Bagan 4-0 in a Calcutta Football Leagues premier division
Group A encounter at the Salt
Lake Stadium here on Sunday.
The win ensured East Bengal
maintain an unbeaten run to
take its tally to an insurmountable 25 points with a match to
spare and retain the title for the
sixth successive year.
This feat brought back memories of 1975 when East Bengal first set the record of a
Hexa-League triumph winning the title consecutively
from 1970.
Needing just a draw to keep
the title, East Bengal went for
full points and put Bagan on the
back foot right from the start.
South Korean Do Dong Hyun
found the Bagan net finishing a
brilliant freekick giving East
Bengal the lead in the second
minute. Hyun repeated his act
in the 37th minute when he
beat the Bagan custodian Shilton Paul again sending the ball
home to make it 2-0 for East
Bengal.
Bagan was reduced to 10 men
in the 51st minute when its Nigerian striker Dudu Omagbemi
was given marching orders after he received his second
booking of the match for a foul
on Harmanjot Khabra.
The decision appeared to be
a bit harsh on Omagbemi as referee Ranjit Bakshi seemed to
overlook the fact that the player while going for a tackle had
made contact with the ball and
had not tripped Kabra, as was

Garhwal Heroes
posts win

son for the new East Bengal


coach Biswajit Bhattacharya.
East Bengal also extended its
record of winning the title for
37 occasions.
The result: East Bengal 4 (Do
Dong Hyun 2, 37, Mohammad Rafiq
81, Rahul Bheke 90+3) bt Mohun Bagan 0.

ly (Cat. II), (Terms), 1-55: 1. Awesome


Show (9) Ravinder Singh 56, 2. Commanding Boy (4) Kunal Bunde 56, 3.
Gangadhar (4) Kuldeep Singh 56, 4.
Golden Desire (1) Vivek 56, 5. Gunner
(5) R. Vaibhav 56, 6. Professor (2) Kiran Naidu 56, 7. Steyn Memories (6)
N. Rawal 56, 8. Wishing Heart (3) C.
Henrique 56 and 9. Astra (8) P. S.
Chouhan 54.5.
1. Golden Desire, 2. Commanding
Boy, 3. Astra
4 DECCAN PRINCE PLATE
(Div. I), (1,100m), maiden 3-y-o only
(Cat. II), (Terms), 2-25: 1. Arabian
Fountain (5) Kiran Naidu 56, 2. City
Of Pearls (1) Vivek 56, 3. Crack The
Code (7) Ravinder Singh 56, 4. Power
Star (8) N. Rawal 56, 5. Aakash Vani
(-) (-) 54.5, 6. Double Charter (3) R.
Vaibhav 54.5, 7. Majorca (2) Arshad
Alam 54.5, 8. Sacrifice (6) D. K. Ashish
54.5 and 9. Shivalik Bird (4) P. S.
Chouhan 54.5.
1. Double Charter, 2. Majorca, 3.
Shivalik Bird
5 NAWAB KHAJA MOINUDDIN
KHAN MEMORIAL CUP (2,200m),
3-y-o & over, rated upto 75 (Cat. II),
3-00: 1. Fairy Emperor (5) R. B.
Shinde 60.5, 2. Ice Crystal (7) Aneel
56.5, 3. Flower Roll Up (1) A M Tograllu 55, 4. Vijay Vidyut (4) A. S. Pa-

We need to play
a compact
game: Lyngdoh
BENGALURU: Come Tuesday, Eugeneson Lyngdoh will face the
biggest challenge of his fledgling international career. The
28-year-old, who made his India debut earlier this year, will
take the field against Asias topranked side, Iran, in a crucial
2018 FIFA World Cup qualifier
(AFC second round) tie.
The Bengaluru FC midfielder
spoke to the media prior to a
training session at the Sree
Kanteerava Stadium here on
Sunday.
Excerpts
Indias chances against
Iran: As long as we put in a
good days work, we can hope
for a positive result. We have a
plan, and maybe we can cause
an upset. Iran is a very good
side, everyone has seen them in
action at the 2014 World Cup.
But if we play a compact game,
we can do well.
Preparation: I would have
personally liked to have had
three or four more practice
matches. That would have been
ideal preparation for a match
like this. As individual players,
we are well prepared, but as a
team, we could have been more
match-fit.
Facing quality opposition: Im very happy to play
against Iran. Every footballer
would like to get the chance to
play big teams like Brazil, Argentina and others.
These sort of matches could
be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. This is when you get to
know where you stand as a footballer. It motivates us to do our
very best.

war 53, 5. Tiger (2) P. S. Chouhan


52.5, 6. Sarvagnya (6) P. Gaddam 52
and 7. Cloud Dancer (3) Yash Narredu 50.5.
1. Tiger, 2. Ice Crystal, 3. Flower
Roll Up
6 ASAF JAH VII MEMORIAL
CUP (Div. II), (1,400m), 3-y-o & over
(Cat. I), 3-30: 1. Plenipotent (6) A. S.
Pawar 60, 2. Ashok Chakra (1) S. S.
Tanwar 54.5, 3. Palm Springs (2) Arshad Alam 54.5, 4. Power Planet (5)
Deep Shanker 54.5, 5. Winds And
Waves (3) Dashrath Singh 54.5, 6.
Hometown Hero (8) Md. Sameeruddin 54.5, 7. Camborne (7) C. S. Vikrant 54.5, 8. Lips Locking (4) Deepak
Singh 54.5 and 9. Whats Up (9) Kuldeep Singh 54.5.
1. Plenipotent, 2. Lips Locking, 3.
Power Planet
7 DECCAN COLTS CHAMPIONSHIP STAKES (1,600m), colts
& gelding, 3-y-o only (Terms), 4-00: 1.
Colombiana (5) Yash Narredu 56, 2.
Desert God (3) Suraj Narredu 56, 3.
King Charles (2) D. K. Ashish 56, 4.
Kolors (4) P. S. Chouhan 56 and 5. Let
The Lion Roar (1) A. Imran Khan 56.
1. King Charles, 2. Colombiana
8 CUDDAPAH PLATE (1,200m),
4-y-o & over, rated upto 50 (Cat. II),

4-30: 1. Amazing Weapon (1) P. Gaddam 61.5, 2. Green Olive (3) R. B.


Shinde 61.5, 3. Dear Friend (8) B. Dileep 60.5, 4. Vijay Vishw (6) A. S. Pawar 60, 5. Kohinoor Grace (2) Kunal
Bunde 58, 6. Yet Another (12) Ravinder Singh 58, 7. Gayle Force (5) Sai
Kumar 57.5, 8. Spirited (7) Deepak
Singh 56.5, 9. Golden Terms (13) A. K.
Pawar 55.5, 10. Major Dundee (10)
Yash Narredu 55.5, 11. Time For
Smile (9) S. S. Tanwar 54.5, 12. Canberra (11) Uday Kiran 51.5 and 13. Prideofmaduranagar (4) Arshad Alam
50.
1. Vijay Vishw, 2. Gayle Force, 3.
Time For Smile
9 MR. PROSPECTOR PLATE
(1,600m), 4-y-o & over, rated upto 50
(Cat. III), 5-05: 1. Rebellion (2) Sai
Kumar 61, 2. Aggressive Approach (8)
B. Dileep 59, 3. Pour Vous (4) D. K.
Ashish 57, 4. Rumaiya Vastavaiya (6)
P. S. Chouhan 54.5, 5. Dolce (5) P.
Gaddam 54, 6. Golden Phoenix (3)
Arshad Alam 53.5, 7. Lightning
Streak (7) Sai Kiran 50.5 and 8. Nano
Class (1) C. Henrique 50.
1. Rumaiya Vastavaiya, 2. Pour
Vous, 3. Nano Class
Days best: Machiavellianism
Double: The Healer Plenipotent
Jkt: 5, 6, 7, 8 & 9; Tr (i): 1, 2 & 3; (ii): 4, 5
& 6; (iii): 7, 8 & 9; Tla: all races.

Iran looking to take


home three points

Aditya
impresses in
second race
SEPANG (MALAYSIA): Aditya Patel produced an impressive performance to finish fifth in race
two of the fourth round of the
Audi R8 LMS Cup here on
Sunday.
Aditya, who start last on the
grid after a collision with a fellow competitor in the first race,
fought his way to the fifth spot,
finishing just behind pole sitter
Alex Yoong. The race was won
by Marchee Lee of Hong Kong.
In the first race, Aditya,
starting fourth, found himself
in the path of a spinning Lee
while fighting for the lead on
turn two of the first lap.
While Lee recovered from
the spin, Aditya was forced to
retire after the damage to his
car. The incident forced the Indian to begin last in the second
race as he had not recorded a
lap time in the first.
After the race, Aditya said,
It wasnt the most ideal weekend. Marchees mistake cost me
my race, but we managed to
claw something back in the end
and get some points.
The second race was one of
the most exciting one I have
driven, having started last and
moved up through the field, he
added.

Rashmi and
Srinivas to lead
challenge
NEW DELHI: Reigning World Cup
champions Rashmi Kumari and
K. Srinivas will spearhead the
Indian team in the seventh ICF
Cup international carrom tournament to be staged here from
October 7 to 11.
Organising secretary Vivek
Narayan said that there will be
a four-day preparatory camp.
The tournament is expected to
feature teams from the US, UK,
Switzerland, Canada, Italy, Poland, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Malaysia.
The team: Men: K. Srinivas, Yogesh Pardesi, Riaz Akbar Ali, Sandeep Deorukar.
Women: Tuba Sekar, Debjani Tarnuli, Kajal Kumari, Rashmi Kumari.

Navaneeth
takes title

The Iran team at a practice session ahead of its


2018 World Cup qualification match against India
in Bangalore. PHOTO: K MURALI KUMAR
Principal Correspondent
BENGALURU: A sizeable number
of expats cheered the Iran football team at a training session
held here ahead of its 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifier (AFC
second round) fixture against
India.

WORLD CUP QUALIFIER


The players obliged numerous requests for photos from
the large group that gathered at
the Sree Kanteerava Stadium,
even as a couple of India internationals were forced to
push their way past the crowd
to join their side at practice.
Our fans are present wherever we play in the world. The
team appreciates their pres-

ence, but on the field, it is the


players who decide the outcome of the match, said Iran
skipper Andranik Teymourian.
Teymourian, the first Christian to captain the national
team, downplayed suggestions
that Iran is the clear favourite.
We are very happy that we
have done well so far, but we
know that India is a good team.
They play well at home, the
former Bolton Wanderers player said.
Sardar Azmoun, touted as
the Iranian Messi, said: I
know that Indian football is improving and making a lot of progress in recent years. I hope
that the Indian team does well,
but having said that, we of
course want to get three points
here.

CHENNAI: Tamil Nadus Navaneeth Prabhu defeated Kanhav


Nanavati, also from Tamil Nadu, 11-4, 11-7, 12-10 in the final
to win the under-13 title at the
Provogue Jaipur Open squash
tournament on Sunday.
Other results:
Boys: Under-11: Jaivir Singh Dhillon (Del) bt Paarth Ambani (Mah) 11-8,
4-11, 11-5, 11-8.
Under-15: Tushar Shahani (Mah)
bt Saksham Choudhary (Del) 11-7,
11-13, 11-4, 9-11, 11-6.
Under-17: Aryaman Adik (Mah) bt
Yash Bhargava (Del) 11-9, 11-7, 1715.
Under-19: Abhay Singh (TN) bt Rohin Singh Mann (Del) 11-6, 11-7, 1311.
Girls: Under-11: Yuvna Gupta
(Mah) bt Aasya Patel (MP) 11-3, 11-6,
11-7.
Under-13: Ananya Dabke (Mah) bt
Megh Bhatia (Del) 12-10, 12-10, 11-8.
Under-15: Navmi Sharma (Mah) bt
Samita Sivakumar (TN) 8-11, 11-3,
11-6, 11-7.
Under-17: Sunayna Kuruvilla (TN)
bt Amita Gondi (AP) 11-5, 11-2, 11-9.
Under-19: Akanksha Salunkhe
(Goa) bt Jui Kalgutkar (Mah) 11-13,
11-3, 11-3, 11-3.
ND-ND

18 |

SPORT

Double for
Jagan and
Mathana
CHENNAI: TVS Racings Jagan
Kumar and Ten10 Racings
Mathana Kumar capped a
memorable weekend by completing a double each in the
fourth and penultimate round
of the MMSC FMSCI Indian
National Motorcycle Racing
Championship on Sunday at
the
MMRT
track
in
Irungattukottai.
While Jagan stamped his authority in the top-end Group B
(165cc) Open class by winning
both the races over the weekend, for Mathana it was his second double of the season in the
Group C (165cc) Open class.
The result saw Jagan move to
the top of the championship
standings with a tally of 112
points ahead of veteran Rajini
Krishnan (95) who finished
third in the first race and fourth
in the second. Championship
leader Harry Sylvester slipped
two places to third.
Mathana, meanwhile, jumped three places to the top spot
with 118 points. In the process,
he pushed championship leader Ananth Raj (115) to second
place and Sumit Lucas Toppo
(96) to third.
There were also doubles in
the MMSC One-Make Championship, for Ten10 Racings
Sarath Kumar (Honda CBR
250), Aravind Ganesh (TVS
RTR 180 Open) and Satish Kumar (TVS Novice).
Also over the weekend, 21year old Kannan Karnan, a mechanic from Chennai, bagged
three wins, including a double
in the Yamaha R15 Novice category of the MMSC One-Make
Championship and one in the
Group D (165cc) Novice class of
the National Championship.
Provisional results (winners all,
6 laps unless mentioned): National
Championship: Group B (165cc,
open, 5 laps): Jagan Kumar (TVS
Racing), 9: 43.775s. Group C
(165cc, open): S. Mathana Kumar
(Ten10 Racing), 10:33.654s. Group D
(165cc, novice, 4 laps): Kannan Karnan (Moto Rev Yamaha Racing),
8:49.963s.
MMSC One-Make championship:
Yamaha R15 (open): Shyam Shankar
(Chennai), 13:24.912s. Novice (short
loop): Kannan Karnan (Chennai),
7:55.268s. TVS RTR 180 (open): R.
Aravind
Ganesh
(Chennai),
13:29.335s. Novice (short loop): L.
Sathish Kumar (Chennai), 8:06.606s.
Suzuki Gixxer Cup (open): P.
Ananth Raj (Chennai), 13:24.979s.
Novice (short loop): Vishwadev Muraleedharan (Coimbatore), 7:49.705s.
Honda CBR 250 (open): Sarath
Kumar (Ten10 Racing), 12:23.504s.
Novice (short loop): S. Sivanesan
(Chennai), 7:43.647s. Principal
Correspondent

FORMULA ONE / Win cleared after investigation into tyre-pressure violations; Vettel comes in second
MONZA: Lewis Hamilton extended his lead in this years
championship to 53 points on
Sunday when he drove to a consummate victory in a typically
dramatic Italian Grand Prix.
As nearest rival and Mercedes team-mate Nico Rosberg
retired with a blown engine
with two laps to go, Hamilton
took full advantage on a day
when his perfect drive ended
amid chaotic scenes and reports that his car had raced
with illegal tyre pressures.
However, Mercedes and Hamilton were exonerated by the
stewards after an enquiry.
It was claimed in a report by
the sports technical delegate
Jo Bauer that the left rear tyres
on the Mercedes cars of both
Hamilton and Rosberg were
below the specified minimum
tyre starting pressure when
checked on the grid before the
race.
After more than two hours of
deliberations, during which the
stewards talked to the technical
delegate and representatives of
both Mercedes and Pirelli, they
took into consideration that
Mercedess tyre warming blankets had been disconnected
from their power source and
that their tyres were significantly below the maximum
permitted tyre blanket temperature when measured on the
grid.
Hamilton led from pole position to the chequered flag, leading all the way and surviving a
nervous period during the final
laps when urged by his crew to
push harder.
The champion came home 25

tyres last a little bit longer


(with lower pressures), but as I
said, I dont think it matters.
In a lot of respect and fairness, he did a very good job today and you have to accept
that.
I was second on the podium
and thats the emotions I got,
and I am grateful for them. I
had a great car today not
good enough to win, but good
enough just to finish second.

...WHILE IT LASTS: With Monzas contract expiring next year, throngs of fans, predominantly in Ferrari's
red, joined in the celebrations even more heartily than usual. PHOTO: MARK THOMPSON/GETTY IMAGES
seconds ahead of Sebastian
Vettel of Ferrari with Felipe
Massa finishing third for Williams, repeating his podium of
last year.
Towards the finishing laps,
when it became clear that the
result was under scrutiny, Hamiltons crew urged him to go
quicker in anticipation of a possible time penalty, causing the

champion to protest saying


Not cool!
However, eventually it did
not matter.
Hamiltons win was his second in succession at the Autodromo Nazionale, his third in
all at the famous old circuit, his
seventh of the season and 40th
of his career.
Behind Massa, Valtteri Bot-

Shastri & Co. set


to be retained

Krishnaraj, Ananth scorch the track

Vijay Lokapally
NEW DELHI: The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI)
is set to retain Ravi Shastri as
coach along with the threemember support staff following
the teams good showing in Sri
Lanka where it won the threematch Test series 2-1.
There had been uncertainty
regarding their appointments
since the Board had not offered
them a concrete contract.
The contracts have not yet
been worked out but sources
observed that the Board had little choice in this matter since
they had collectively performed in Sri Lanka after the oneday series loss to Bangladesh.
The Board had put on hold
the appointment of a coach on a
long-term basis despite Shastri
conveying his desire to have a
proper contract.
He is learnt to have reminded the top brass of the Board
which is also favourably inclined to retain the incumbent
staff.
According to a Board official,
there was no reason for any
change since Shastri had delivered.
The excellent rapport between Shastri and the key
members is said to be the
clinching factor in the Board
feeling comfortable with the
current coaching staff.
Sanjay Bangar (batting
coach), B. Arun (bowling coach)
and R. Sridhar (fielding coach)
have infused new ideas and extracted full commitment from
the team with skipper Virat
Kohli setting personal examples in training and practice

schedules.
Shastris ability to instil confidence and the inputs from the
rest has helped the team play to
its potential, the loss in Bangladesh and the first Test against
Sri Lanka notwithstanding.
Shastri is able to back and
motivate the players who find
themselves low in confidence.
He is also popular with the
younger lot because he does not
condemn failures. Their will to
succeed is greater now, said
the senior Board official.
Shastri was given to understand that he would be offered a
proper contract.
He was not interested in
piecemeal arrangement since
he had given up lucrative offers for media work including
regular commentary with various broadcasters.
The Board had reportedly
given him an assurance but he
is yet to hear from the authorities after the Sri Lanka series.
The Board had appointed a
three-member advisory committee comprising Sachin Tendulkar, Sourav Ganguly and
V.V.S. Laxman to guide it on
various cricket matters.
The committee, however,
has met just once but is said to
be united in recommending the
same names with a suggestion
that they be offered a contract
up to the T20 World Cup next
year.
With India scheduled to play
South Africa at home, a one-day
series in Australia followed by
the Asia Cup in Bangladesh, the
committee sees an extended
and enhanced role for the
coaching staff to keep the players fresh and motivated.

Special Correspondent
COIMBATORE: Kolhapurs Krishnaraj D. Mahadik and Bangalores Ananth Shanmugam
shared a race win each in the JK
Racing India Series, the premium category of the second
round of the FMSCI-JK Tyre
Racing Championship at the
Kari Motor Speedway circuit in
Chettipalayam here on Sunday.
For both drivers it was their
first big win of the season. It
was a refreshing change as well
for the crowd to see a young
man in Krishnaraj on the podium early in the day. The 17year-old deserved to be there as
that was the kind of commitment and courage he showed
right through the race.
A class twelve student,
Krishnaraj started on a flying
note only to surrender the lead
in the very first lap to Chennais

11

13

14
16

15

17

18
19
21

22

20

23

24

25

26

27

Across
1 Writer's ambition to
be a storehouse of
data (8)
5 'I'd avoid tamarind'
perhaps it's an
oft-repeated
sentence (6)
10 Starts with energy
conservation a
subject which is out
of place (7)
CM
YK

11 Material in newspaper
on South Africa (7)
12 Bar over a business,
split fifty-fifty (5)
13 Stoically develop thick
skin (9)
14 Wayside inn where one
can arrive as a
replacement (12)
18 American art critic, so
straight and noble
(12)

21 Inspiration to promote
auto component (5,4)
23 Outburst of traineein-charge (5)
24 In pain, skips one US
city for another (7)
25 Pirate set up
exclusive group (7)
26 After mass, say it
under your breath (6)
27 Nurse admitted tense
old woman in old city
(8)
Down
1 Dish may be palatable,
if tab's ignored (6)
2 See, it isn't frozen!
(6)
3 Loathsome on skin
an insect (9)
4 University
administrator's very
cool will risk
putting up the list
(4,10)
6 Trouble for Greece in
the past (5)
7 Inert gas used in an
African city (8)
8 Broadcast action
replay, rope removed
on examination (8)
9 Voice disapproval,
allege an error, and

Krishnaraj D. Mahadik.
PHOTO: M. PERIASAMY

Vishnu Prasad, who made a


smart move in the first corner.
But Krishnaraj was not one
to give up. He upped the pace
and put the pressure back on
Vishnu and even caught up
with him in the third lap. From

there it was a royal battle between the two and, for the
crowd, a treat to watch.
Vishnu fought hard and just
when he appeared to be in a
position to seal the top slot in
came the safety car and
squashed those little chances
that Vishnu had in mind. Krishnaraj gathered pace from there
and worked his way to a fine
win. I am pleased. I was actually worried when the safety car
was in. I thought Vishnu would
catch up with me. He was very
close but I hung on, said a relieved Krishnaraj.
The second race was as close
as the first. But, this time
around, the fight was between
Vishnu and Ananth Shanmugam. The former raced his way
from the back of the grid to
threaten the latter upfront. But
Ananth held his nerve to win
the race by a whisker.

It was quite a close call but I


managed to come out a clear
winner, said Ananth.
Chennais Ajay Kini made it
three wins in a row in the Formula LGB4 category. The results: JK Racing India Series: Race
2 (15 laps): 1. Krishnaraj D. Mahadik
(Kolhapur) 20:28.413; 2. Vishnu Prasad (Chennai) 20:29.071; 3. Akhil Rabindra (Bangalore) 20:31.656. Race 3
(15 laps): 1. Ananth Shanmugam
(Bangalore) 18:40.513; 2. Vishnu Prasad 18:40.824; 3. Karthik Tharani
(Chennai) 18:41.371.
FLGB4: Race 3 (15 laps): 1. Ajay
Kini (Dark Don Racing, Chennai)
21:57.702; 2. Raghul Rangasamy
(Meco Racing, Chennai) 21:58.001; 3.
T.S. Diljith (Avalanche, Thrissur)
21:58.620.
Volkswagen Vento Cup: Race 2
(15 laps): 1. Karminder Singh (Delhi)
18:58.061; 2. Ishaan Dodhiwala (Hyderabad) 19:02.952; 3. Anindith Reddy
Konda (Hyderabad) 19:04.711.

Balaji in final
qualifying
round
NEW DELHI: Sriram Balaji made
it to the third and final qualifying round of the $50,000 Challenger tennis tournament in
Shanghai with a 7-5, 2-6, 6-2
victory over Chu-Huan Yi of
Chinese Taipei on Sunday.

INDIANS ABROAD
Snehal wins again
Meanwhile, Snehal Mane
continued her good work in
Mauritius, winning a second
successive title in the ITF
grade-5 junior event in Phoenix.
The results: $50,000 Challenger
men, Shanghai, China: Qualifying
singles (second round): Sriram Balaji bt Chu-Huan Yi (Tpe) 7-5, 2-6, 6-2;
First round: Sriram Balaji bt Wang
Aoxiong (Chn) 6-3, 6-2.
ITF grade-5 juniors, Phoenix,
Mauritius: Girls (final): Snehal Mane
bt Amelie Boy (Mri) 6-3, 6-0; Semifinals: Snehal bt Maja Gledic (RSA)
7-6(1), 6-0; Quarterfinals: Snehal bt
Julia Vulpio (Dom) 6-2, 6-1.

Aravind triumphs
HYDERABAD: K.P. Aravind of
TVS Racing team won the overall class title in the fourth
round of the MRF Mogrip
FMSCI National Supercross
Championship at Jubilee Hills
here on Sunday.
The results: Class 1: SX 1 Group A (Stroke 2/4 up to 250cc /
500cc): 1. K.P. Aravind (TVS RTR
300, TVS Racing), 2. A.W. Tanveer
(TVS RTR 250, TVS Racing), 3.
Rugved Barguje (TVS RTR 250, TVS
Racing).
Class 2: Novice - Group C (Stroke
2/4 up to 260 cc): 1. Aakash Satpute
(TVS RTR, TVS Racing), 2. Yash Pawar (TVS RTR, TVS Racing), 3. Sudeep Kottary (Hero Impulse,
Mangalore). Class 3: Indian Experts
- Group B (Stroke 2/4 up to 260 cc):
1. Aravind (TVS RTR, TVS Racing), 2.
Tanveer (TVS RTR, TVS Racing), 3.
R. Nataraj (TVS RTR, TVS Racing).
Class 4: Locals Group B (Stroke
2/4 up to 260 cc): 1. K. Yasaswi (Hero
Impulse), 2. Javed Khan (Yamaha
RX), 3. Mohd. Azeemuddin (Yamaha
RX 135). Class 5: Indian Experts
Class C (Stroke 2/4 up to 260 cc): 1.
Tanveer (TVS RTR, TVS Racing), 2.
Yuva Kumar (TVS RTR, TVS Racing),
3. Nataraj (TVS RTR, TVS Racing).
Class 6: Experts - Group C
(Stroke 2/4 up to 260 cc): 1. Suhail
Ahmed (Hero Impulse, Bluru), 2. Sudeep Kottary (Hero Impulse, Mangalore), 3. Venkatesh Shetty (Hero
Impulse, Mumbai).
Class 7 Sx 2 Group A (Stroke 2/4
up to 250cc / 500cc): 1. Jignesh Patel
(KTM SXF, Nagpur), 2. Abhijit Jadhav
(Yamaha YZ, Pune), 3. Rugved Barguje (Yamaha YZ, Pune).
Class 8 Jr Sx Group A/B/C/D
(Stroke 2/4 up to 500 cc): 1. Rugved
Barguje (TVS RTR 125, TVS Racing),
2. Prithvi Singh (Honda CRF, Chandigarh), 3. Rishi Gomes (Husqvarna,
Goa). Best rider of the race: Aravind
(Team TVS Racing).

ATHLETICS

Anu Kumar, Lokesh set new meet records


J.R. Shridharan
VISAKHAPATNAM: Two meet records were registered on a
truncated day of the three-day
Shriram Properties National
Inter-District junior athletic
meet at the Port Diamond Jubilee Stadium here on Sunday.
The morning session saw
Dehradun-based athlete Anu
Kumar (1:25.97), eclipsing Yash
Ajay Sukhwani (1:26.93s) record set in the 2013 edition.
In fact, other podium finishers Sachin Jangara of Hisar
(1:26.28) and Pardeep of Barabanki (1:26.68) too erased
Sukhwanis record.

Arden
6

12

ond Red Bull.


Vettel, who had suffered this
season on account of the tyres,
graciously played down the
controversy and deplored the
way in which claims were made
to take the result away from
Hamilton. I think its not fair
to question Lewis because he
doesnt know what's going on,
so thats that. In principle, the

MOTORSPORTS

10

tas came home fourth in the


second Williams ahead of Kimi
Raikkonen in the second Ferrari and Sergio Perez of Force
India.
Nico Hulkenberg was seventh in the second Force India
ahead of Australian Daniel Ricciardo of Red Bull, Swede Marcus Ericsson of Sauber and
Russian Daniil Kvyat in the sec-

The provisional results: 1. Lewis


Hamilton (Mercedes) 1:18:00.688sec,
2. Sebastian Vettel (Ferrari) +25.42, 3.
Felipe Massa (Williams) +47.635, 4.
Valtteri Bottas (Williams) +47.996, 5.
Kimi Raikkonen (Ferrari) +1:08.860, 6.
Sergio Perez (Force India) 1:12.783, 7.
Nico Hulkenberg (Force India), 8. Daniel Ricciardo (Red Bull), 9. Marcus
Ericsson (Sauber AG), 10. Daniil Kvyat
(Red Bull) 1 lap, 11. Carlos Sainz Jr
(Toro Rosso), 12. Max Verstappen
(Toro Rosso), 13. Felipe Nasr (Sauber
AG), 14. Jenson Button (McLaren) all
+1 lap, 15. Will Stevens (Marussia), 16.
Roberto Merhi (Marussia) both + 2
laps.
Retired: Pastor Maldonado (Lotus),
Romain Grosjean (Lotus) both 2nd lap,
Fernando Alonso (McLaren) 48th lap,
Nico Rosberg (Mercedes) 51st lap.
Overall standings: Drivers: 1. Hamilton 252 pts, 2. Rosberg 199, 3.
Vettel 178, 4. Massa 97, 5. Raikkonen
92, 6. Bottas 91, 7. Kvyat 58, 8. Ricciardo 55, 9. Grosjean 38, 10. Perez 33,
11. Hulkenberg 30, 12. Verstappen 26,
13. Nasr 16, 14. Maldonado 12, 15.
Alonso 11, 16. Carlos Sainz Jr. 9, 17.
Ericsson 9, 18. Button 6.
Constructors: 1. Mercedes 451
pts, 2. Ferrari 270, 3. Williams 188, 4.
Red Bull 113, 5. Force India 63, 6.
Lotus 50, 7. Toro Rosso 35, 8. Sauber
AG 25, 9. McLaren 17. Agencies

CRICKET

VARIETY
THE HINDU CROSSWORD 11493
1

THE HINDU MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

Dominant Hamilton pulls off a Monza repeat

India fourth
BANGKOK: India signed off a
creditable fourth among the record 28 countries which participated in the Asian Boxing
Championships after grabbing
one silver and three bronze
medals on the whole.
India logged 16 points for its
performance in the event to finish behind Kazakhstan (42
points), Uzbekistan (38 points)
and host Thailand (17 points)
respectively.
Vikas Krishan (75kg) won
the lone silver, while the three
bronze medals came through L.
Devendro Singh (49kg), Shiva
Thapa (56kg) and Satish Kumar
(+91kg).
Six Indian boxers made the
cut for the Doha event scheduled from October 6. Besides
the medallists, the other two
who qualified for the world
event were Manoj Kumar
(64kg) and Madan Lal (52kg).
The two qualified after their
quarterfinal opponents made it
to the final. PTI

NOIDA/DELHI

support a subject
(7,7)
15 Scrooge fell on stone
(9)
16 Top music composition
may be hot (8)
17 A haze follows gross
violation of union
laws by him (8)
19 State borders of
China, Namibia and
Dominica (6)
20 May be pressing the
French obelisk (6)
22 Villain said to be
somewhere inside
church (5)

E MB L Y L I
M
E
O
S
C O N S UMM
E
I
N
E
G I G A N
N
S
I
I N
S T A G
M
E
H
P S WR I T
A
T
I
R U E
T A N
T
L
E
G
I N U T E
A
A
G
T
L
L A U G H TE

The results:
Boys: U-14: 600m: 1. Anu Kumar
(UK) 1:25.97s, 2. Sachin Jangra (UK)
1: 26.28, 3. Pardeep (UP) 1:26.68.

Shot put: 1. Vikash (Haryana)


13.92m, 2. Tushar Singh (Guj) 13.38,
3. Anu Harshit (UP) 13.30.
High jump: 1. Papi Das (WB)
1.77m, 2. Suraj Singh Yadav (Del)
1.70, 3. Ajay Sanger (UP) 1.65. U-16:
Long jump: 1. S. Lokesh (Kar) 6.93m,
2. Nitin Kumar (Jha), 3. Arjun Prajapati
(Br) 6.49.
Girls: U-14: 600m: 1. Bhagyalakshmi (Tel) 1:45.66s, 2. S. Priya
(TN) 1:46.05, 3. Ritika (Har) 1:46.92;
High Jump: 1. Khyati (UP) 1.44m, 2.
Mansi (UP) 1.41, 3. Mane Sfurti (Mah)
1.41.
Shot put: 1. Melkundeagrat (Mah)
10.75m, 2. Debanjana Dey (WB) 9.94,
3. Madhu Shripal (WB) 9.35. Special Correspondent

Khyati of Uttar Pradesh claimed high jump gold in


the girls' under-14 section. PHOTO: C.V.SUBRAHMANYAM

FAITH

SU | DO | KU

The first three Azhvars

Solution to puzzle 11492


A S S
F
A
B U F F
T
E
S O O T H
N
Y
V A
G
A
WA L L O
L
V
C OM E T
S
T H I S M
I
MA N S

The evening session witnessed Bangalore-Urban athlete Lokesh leaping to a


distance of 6.93 metres in the
u-16 boys long jump, erasing
Mahesh (6.69m) record.
Khyati of Meerat won the
u-14 girls high jump honours
while Ranga Reddys D. Bhagyalakshmi clocked 1:45.66s to
win the u-14 girls 600m event.
The meet lost 90 minutes
due to rain. Some of the finals
slated for the day were postponed for the final day.

N E
A T E
R
T I C
B
G E R
S
C
G L E
A
P S E
S
R

The first of the Azhvars were Poigaiazhvar, Bhootatazhvar


and Peyazhvar. The story of their meeting is an interesting
one, said Akkarakkani Srinidhi in a discourse.
In the temple town of Tirukkoilur, in Tamil Nadu, there is a
temple dedicated to Lord Trivikrama, the avatara of Lord
Narayana when He measured the world in three strides.
Poigai Azhvar, the first of the Azhvars, made his way to
Tirukkoilur. It so happened that when he arrived, it was
raining. Seeking shelter from the rains, he knocked on the
door of the ashram of Sage Mrigandu. The sage opened the
door and let him in. Poigai Azhvar lay down to rest.
A little while later, Bhootatazhvar arrived and he too
knocked on the door of the same ashram. Poigai Azhvar
opened the door for him. But with Bhootatazhvars entry, the
room became cramped and the two of them had sitting space
only. But yet another person was to join them. Peyazhvar also
arrived in Tirukkoilur and he too knocked on the door of the
same hermitage. Bhootatazhvar now opened the door for him.
With Peyazhvars entry, there was only standing space for
the three of them. And so the three Azhvars stood inside the
hermitage. But they began to feel a fourth presence
someone else was in the room who they couldnt see. Poigai
Azhvar then broke into verse and said he was using the
universe as a receptacle, the ocean as ghee, to light a lamp to
dispel the darkness. Bhootatazhvar said he was using love as a
receptacle, his enthusiasm as ghee, to light a lamp, and his
thoughts of the Lord was the wick. And when these two lamps
were lit, Peyazhvar saw the Lord in all His effulgence, with
His Divine Consort Sri Devi, and all His weapons. And he
came up with a verse describing what he had witnessed.

A mind game and a puzzle


that you solve with
reasoning and logic. Fill in
the grid with digits in such
a manner that every row,
every column and every
3x3 box accommodates
the digits 1 to 9, without
repeating any. The
solution to yesterdays
puzzle is at left.
ND-ND

THE HINDU

| 19

SPORT

NOIDA/DELHI

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

Telecast schedule

Pacquiao hints at more fights

Flying start

US Open: TEN Sports & TEN HD, 8.30 p.m. & 4.30 a.m. (Tuesday); Euro qualifiers:
Sony Six, 12 a.m. (Tuesday), Sony Kix & Sony Six HD, 9 p.m. & 12 a.m. (Tuesday)

Philippine boxing hero Manny Pacquiao hinted he has several more fights left in him after his
American promoter said he is likely retire next year. Pacquiao played down remarks that he
would fight just once more in 2016 before hanging up his gloves to run for Senate

Didier Drogba launched his Major League Soccer career in style on


Saturday, scoring a hat-trick on his first start for new club Montreal Impact
in a 4-3 win over Chicago Fire

Tsonga ends Paires run, follows Cilic into last four


NEW YORK: Defending champion Marin Cilic was the first
man through to the US Open
quarterfinals on Sunday, taking down determined Frenchman Jeremy Chardy 6-3, 2-6,
7-6(2), 6-1 to extend his Flushing Meadows win streak to 11
matches.
Coming off a punishing fivesetter with Mikhail Kukushkin in a third-round match
that lasted four hours, Cilic
took a while to find his power
game but was unstoppable
once he did, the ninth seeded
Croat blasting 23 aces past
27th seed Chardy, who had no
answer.

hours.
Azarenka, whose season has
been blighted by a left thigh
injury, won 7-5, 2-6, 6-4 on a
sixth match point having
trailed 2-5 in the first set.
The 26-year-old took her
record over Kerber to 5-0 on
the back of 51 winners to her
opponent's 46 in a merciless
contest of big-hitting.
Both players saved a combined 26 break points before
the Belarusian prevailed to
set-up a last-16 clash with
Americas
Varvara
Lepchenko.
Angelique is a great fighter
but I enjoy the hustle and getting winners and chasing
down every ball, said twotime Australian Open champion Azarenka.
Romanian second seed Simona Halep reached the last
16 with a 6-2, 6-3 win over
American qualifier Shelby
Rogers.
Next up for Halep is Germanys 24th seed Sabine Lisicki,
Key today was finding my
who came back from 1-5 down
rhythm on the serve, especialin the final set to defeat Barboly towards the end of the third
ra Strycova of the Czech Reset, said Cilic. I was having
public 6-4, 4-6, 7-5 before
trouble a little with my movecollapsing to the floor in floods
ment after I twisted my ankle
of tears. Top seeds Sania Mirin the second set. That was
za and Martina Hingis stormcausing me a little trouble, but
ed into the pre-quarterfinals
in the end its pretty good.
of womens doubles competiI played really good in the
tion after defeating Swiss
fourth set, really great tennis,
Timea Bacsinszky and ChiBIG GAME: Jo-Wilfried Tsonga was just too good for the giant-killing Benoit Paire who had already accounted for last years runnerso Im happy about it.
nese Taipeis Chia-Jung
Cilic has found the defence up Kei Nishikori and the No.26 seed Tommy Robredo coming into this fourth-round match. PHOTO: AFP
Chuang 6-1, 6-1.
of his title much tougher than
Saina and Martina will next
winning, at least so far.
take on 13th seeds Michaella
In last years march to the he used his big serve to full streak going for a couple more coasted into fourth round
Murray, who has advanced over
Austrias
Dominic Krajicek of The Netherlands
title, Cilic recorded straight advantage firing four aces and matches.
brushing aside Thomaz Bel- to the quarterfinals or better Thiem.
and Czech Republics Barbora
set wins over Tomas Berdych going up 6-1 before closing out
French 19th seed Jo-Wilf- lucci of Brazil 6-3, 6-2, 7-5 for at his last 18 Grand Slams,
Fifth seed Stan Wawrinka, Strycova.
in the quarters, Roger Federer 7-2.
ried Tsonga reached his sec- his 40th career win at the US next faces South Africas 15th the Roland Garros champion,
In mens doubles competiin the semifinals and Kei NishCilic kept the pressure up, ond quarterfinal here with a Open.
seed Kevin Anderson.
made the last 16 with a 6-3, tion, sixth seeds Rohan Boikori in the final.
breaking the Frenchman in 6-4, 6-3, 6-4 win over comThe champion here in 2012,
Anderson has never gone 7-6(5), 6-4 win over Belgian panna of India and Romanias
This year, with the excep- the fourth set, surging in front patriot Benoit Paire.
Murray had needed to rally beyond the fourth round at a World No. 107 Rubens Florin Mergea staved off the
tion of a straight sets decision 5-0 and then serving out for
Tsonga will face Cilic for a from two sets down to see off major and trails Murray 4-1 in Bemelmans.
challenge from Polands Mariover Russian qualifier Evgeny the match.
place in the semifinals.
Frances Adrian Mannarino in career meetings including two
On the womens side, two- usz Fyrstenberg and Santiago
Donskoy, all of Cilics matches
The fourth set was incredThe 30-year-old Tsonga did the second round. But despite clashes this year.
time runner-up Victoria Aza- Gonzalez of Mexico 6-3, 7-6
have gone four sets or more.
ible serving, it cant get be bet- not face a single break point falling a break down in the
The big South African, renka, the 20th seed, tri- (4).
After splitting the opening ter I guess, said Cilic. I didnt against Paire and has now held first set against Bellucci, he boosted by a title on the hard umphed over 11th-seeded
Progressing due to Eugenie
two sets, Cilics power began lose too much energy today, so all 56 service games at the eventually breezed to victory courts of Winston Salem last German Angelique Kerber in Bouchards locker room injuto show through particularly its good news for me.
tournament.
over
the
30th-ranked, weekend, made the last 16 an Arthur Ashe Stadium ry she was reportedly conin the third set tiebreak when
Going to try and keep my
On Saturday, Andy Murray left-hander.
with a 6-3, 7-6(3), 7-6(3) win thriller lasting almost three cussed after a fall and her

Federers new
weapon
NEW YORK: Call it sneaky, call it

further participation at this


years tournament is in doubt
were Leander Paes and
Martina Hingis.
The fourth-seeded mixed
doubles pair were given a
walkover by their secondround opponents Nick Kyrgios and Bouchard.
Second seeds Rohan Bopanna and Yung-Jan Chan had to
take the tougher route into the
third round, though.
They required a match tiebreak to beat Alexander Peya
and Alla Kudryavtseva.
Agencies

THE RESULTS
Men: Fourth round: 9-Marin Cilic
(Cro) bt 27-Jeremy Chardy (Fra) 6-3,
2-6, 7-6(2), 6-1; 19-Jo-Wilfroed Tsonga (Fra) bt Benoit Paire (Fra) 6-4, 6-3,
6-4.
Third round: Donald Young (USA)
bt 22-Viktor Troicki (Srb) 4-6, 0-6, 7-6
(3), 6-2, 6-4; 3-Andy Murray (GBr) bt
Tomasz Bellucci (Bra) 6-3, 6-2, 7-5;
5-Stan Wawrinka (Sui) bt Ruben Bemelmans (Bel) 6-3, 7-6(5), 6-4; 15Kevin Anderson (RSA) bt 20-Dominic
Thiem (Aut) 6-3, 7-6(3), 7-6(3).
Doubles: Second round: 6-Rohan
Bopanna (Ind) & Florin Mergea (Rou)
bt Mariusz Fyrstenberg (Pol) & Santiago Gonzalez (Mex) 6-3, 7-6(4).
Women: Fourth round: 23-Venus
Williams (USA) bt Anna Kontavit (Est)
6-2, 6-1. Third round: 2-Simona Halep (Rou) bt Shelby Rogers (USA) 6-2,
6-3; 20-Victoria Azarenka (Blr) bt 11Angelique Kerber (Ger) 7-5, 2-6, 6-4;
Varvara Lepchenko (USA) bt Mona
Barthel (Ger) 1-6, 6-3, 6-4; 26-Flavia
Pennetta (Ita) bt Petra Cetkovska
(Cze) 1-6, 6-1, 6-4; 22-Samantha Stosur (Aus) bt 16-Sara Errani (Ita) 7-5,
2-6, 6-1; 24-Sabina Lisicki (Ger) bt
Barbora Strycova (Cze) 6-4, 4-6, 7-5.
Doubles: Second round: 1-Sania
Mirza (Ind) & Martina Hingis (Sui) bt
Timea Bacsinszky (Sui) & Chia-Jung
Chuang (Tpe) 6-1, 6-1.
Mixed doubles: Second round:
2-Rohan Bopanna (Ind) & Yung-Jan
Chan (Tpe) bt Alexander Peya (Aut) &
Alla Kudryavtseva (Rus) 3-6, 6-3,
[10-8]; 4-Leander Paes (Ind) & Martina
Hingis (Sui) w/o Nick Kyrgios (Aus) &
Eugenie Bouchard (Can).

Turks stun woeful Dutch


ANKARA (TURKEY): Turkey dealt
a hammer blow to already faint
Dutch chances of qualifying for
Euro 2016 with a 3-0 home victory on Sunday which left the
Netherlands in fourth place in
Group A.
First-half goals by Oguzhan
Ozyakup and Arda Turan put
the hosts in charge and an 85th
minute effort by Burak Yilmaz
sealed the points for Turkey
which moved two points above
the Dutch into third spot.
The Netherlands star Turkey-based players Wesley
Sneijder and Robin Van Persie
meanwhile failed to make any
impact up front.
Last weeks shock loss at
home to Iceland had already left
the Netherlands in real danger
of missing its first European
Championship for three decades, but if manager Danny
Blind was hoping for an immediate response from his players
he
would
have
been
disappointed.
It was another desperately laboured performance and they
rarely looked like dragging
themselves back into the game
after falling behind.
With the Czech Republic winning to move ahead of Iceland,
which plays Kazakhstan later,
the Netherlands can no longer
finish in the top two and will
have to win both of its last two
games to have any chance of a
playoff spot.
Ozyakup gave Turkey a dream
start in the eighth minute, causing wild excitement among the

Konya crowd including Prime


Minister Ahmet Davutoglu who
hails from the central region.
Rushing through from midfield, Ozyakup connected with
an inch-perfect pass from Turan
and slotted the ball neatly past
goalkeeper Jasper Cillessen as
the Dutch defence vaporised.
The Dutch nightmare continued in the 26th minute when
Turan surged into the penalty
area past the hapless Stefan de
Vrij to wedge the ball past Cillessen and the near post.

a knockout blow against Israel


goalkeeper Ofir Marciano.
Gareth Bales headed winner
against Cyprus on Thursday had
set Chris Colemans side up for a
memorable night and against
the same opponents Wales had
beaten to reach the 1958 World
Cup and there was the added
incentive that a win would have
lifted it to fourth in the FIFA
ranking.
But while the Real Madrid
star endured a disappointing
evening, Wales did manage to
record a fifth consecutive competitive clean sheet for the first
time ever, and its destiny remains in its own hands.

Sabre, call it the new weapon


that could just fire Roger Federer to his sixth US Open and 18th
Grand Slam title.
The World No. 2 has developed a new attacking ploy
which is bamboozling opponents and providing the 34year-old Swiss with yet another
dimension to his already impressive game. It involves chipping and charging on a second
serve, starting from a position
inside the baseline and ending
with a quick sprint to the service box.
With the Netherlands misfirWe sort of came up with the
ing in attack and defence, GeThe results:
name, you know, Sneak Attack
orginio Wijnaldum could only
Group A: At Riga: Latvia 1 (Zjuzins
By Roger, Sabre. Call it Fed
head a chance metres wide in 73) lost to Czech Republic 2 (Limbersky
Attack, call it whatever you
the second half despite being 13, Darida 25).
want, but I thought it was kind
left unmarked.
At Konya: Turkey 3 (Ogazhun Ozyaof funny, said Federer.
Turkeys tight defence piled kup 8, Arda Turan 26, Burak Yilmaz 86) bt
Federer arrived in New York
behind the ball in the closing the Netherlands 0.
having rebounded from his
minutes and the lacklustre
Group B: At Cardiff: Wales 0 drew
Wimbledon final defeat to NoSneijder and van Persie never
with Israel 0.
looked like scoring.
vak Djokovic with a seventh
Group H: At TaQali: Malta 2 (Mifsud
Yilmaz of Galatasaray then
Cincinnati Masters title. It was
hammered a devastating nail in- 55, Effiong 71) drew with Azerbaijan 2
there that Federer developed
to the Dutch coffin in the 86th (Amirguliyev 36, 80).
this tactic, almost by accident
At Oslo: Norway 2 (Berget 51, 69) bt
minute with a third goal followwhen he was practising with
Croatia 0.
ing
a
spectacular
solo
run
down
French player Benoit Paire.
Earlier results: Group C: At Oviethe left wing by Caner Erkin.
Both men were just looking
do: Spain 2 (Alba 5, Iniesta 30-pen) bt
Meanwhile,
Wales
will
have
for a gentle workout with Feto wait to secure a historic qual- Slovakia 0.
derer still dazed by jet-lag and
Group E: At Basel: Switzerland 3
ification after a frustrating 0-0
Paire laid low with an ear indraw with Israel at the Cardiff (Drmic 80, 90+4, Stocker 84) bt Slovenia 2
fection. I was very tired and he
(Novakovic 45, Cesar 48).
City Stadium on Sunday.
was tired, and at the end we
Group G: At Vienna: Austria 1 (JuNeeding victory to reach a
said, Well, lets still play some
first major tournament since nuzovic 52) bt Moldova 0.
games just because it feels like
the 1958 World Cup, the unbeaAt Podgorica: Montenegro 2 (Beciraj
its the right thing to do, said
ten Group B leader dominated 38, Jovetic 56) bt Liechtenstein 0.
Federer.
the game, but was unable to land Agencies
I was going to stop already,
but (coach) Severin (Luthi)
said, play a few games get used
to the conditions.
I said, Whatever. Lets play
some games. And, yeah, at the
end we were just kidding
around almost, and thats when
I said, OK, Im going to chip and
charge and just keep the points
short.
Thats when I started to run
in and hit returns. I hit a couple
for a winner. They were like ridiculous. He laughed. I laughed.
Severin laughed.
Federer said he never imagined using it in match play and
that it was Luthis persuasion
that kept the tactic on the boil.
Severin said, Well, what
about using it in a match? I was
like, Really?
So he pushed me to keep using it and not shy away from
using it on big moments, and
not just because you dont know
how you look with a full stadi- COCK-A-HOOP: Turkey's Oguzhan Ozyakup is understandably elated after
scoring the opening goal against the Netherlands. PHOTO: AP
um. AFP
CM
YK

EURO QUALIFIERS

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THE HINDU

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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

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